Public Announcements. Queen' sRink & Picture Theatre, Rhyl WINTER SESSIONS-OPEN DAILY: 10.30, 2.30, 7. Admission, including Hire of Skates Morning and Afternoon (also on Monday, Tuesday and Friday Evenings), 6d Wednesday, Thursday and S iturday Evenings, gd. Band in attendance, Wednesday, Thursday, and Saturday Evenings. Admission to Rink and Picture Theatre, Threepence. LOOK OUT FOR SPECIAL NIGHT NEXT WEEK. The LATEST PICTURES, Humorous, Dramatic, Educational. Daily: 2.30 to 5, & 7 to 10. Complete Change each Monday and Thursday. PUBLIC HALL, COLWYN BAY. SS5SSLDS- FAMOUS ANIMATED PICTURES TO-NIGHT (THURSDAY) AND TWO FOLLOWING NIGHTS, "THE FUNERAL of PRINCE FRANCIS of TECK," Also CHAS. DICKENS' STORY OF "NICHOLAS NICKLEBY," and many others. NEXT WEEK "THE CHESTER PAGEANT" REPEATED, BY REQUEST. [31 PUBLIC HALL, COLWYN BAY. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 23rd (for one night only), First Appearance in the Provinces of JEROME K. JEROME'S BEAUTIFUL AND REMARKABLE PLAY, from the St. James' Theatre, London, 'The Passing of the Third Floor Back,' I THE RAGE OF TWO HEMISPHERES, Supported by a COMPANY OF FIRST-CLASS LONDON ARTISTES. Reserved Stalls, 3s. (booking at Fleet's). Admission, 2s. and Is. 36 PIEP, rHEATRE OF VARIETIES, Llandudno. ROYAL AMERICAN BIOSCOPE. DAILY AT 3 and 8 p.m. Complete Change of Programme Mondays and Thursdays. Saturday Afternoon, Special Treat for School Children. Prize for Boys and Girls. 862 COLWYN BAY & DISTRICT HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY THE ANNUAL (SEVENTH YEAR) GRAND ———— floral concert and Chrysanthemum Sbow W AT THE Victoria Pavilion, on Wednesday evening, Nov. 16th, 1910. Mrs. John Brock has kindly consented to open the Chrysanthemum Show at 3 o'clock. The Evening Programme will be sustained by the following eminent Artistes MADAM DEWS. MR E. THORNLEY-DODGE, (the well-known Society Entertainer). MR. C. MONTAGUE BIRCH, the popular Pianist. MR. SUTTON JONES, the Principal Tenor of St. Asaph Cathedral. MADAME LILLIE BRUCE, Soprano. MISS MARJORIE DUNNING, one of the ablest of local Contraltos. THE COLWYN BAY AMATEUR ORCHESTRA, Conductor, Mr. F. GURNEY BARNETT, L.R.A.M., L.R.C.M. MISS LENA THOMAS' OPERATIC PARTY. The Grand Floral Concert will be under the direction of MADAME RIVIERE. Prizes for Floral (Chrysanthemum) Decoration of a Table (Open Competition). Chrysanthemum Blooms and Folia-e only to be used. Any kind Vases. Ribbon and Chiffon *-nrys not allowed. Tables provided, 4-ft. x 3-ft. All Tickets admit to Afternoon and Evening. CONCERT at 7-30. rnAND LOUNGE (Reserved) zs. 6d. FRONT RO V BALCONY as. Admission; g^CONY AND BODY OF HALL is. SHOW ONLY 6d. Grand Lounge and Front Row Balcony only reserved Free at Messrs. Fleet. Carriages at 10 o'clock. THE STOCK EXCHANGE. THE DIRECT GUIDE. 1910 Edition. t of over 25 years' experience. The oldest and most reliable Guide to By an exper successfui speculation and investment with small sums. _—==== INVESTMENT LIST. Givin" dividends, highest and lowest prices. How to operate in Options, free on application to the old and well established firm:— CASTLEMAINE & CO., INDIA BUILDINGS, Manchester. Bankers and other references given. gQ2 Oxford University Extension Lecture, Colwyn Bay. THE Rev. W. HUDSON SHAW, M.A. (late Fellow of Balliol College, Oxford) will deliver his FAMOUS LECTURE, which will be accompanied by Lime Lig 1 Views, on FLORENCE, AT THE Church Room, Rhiw Road, on Thursday, November 17th, AT 8 O'CLOCK. Chair to be taken by C. P. BANKS, Esq., M.A., Arnold House. Admission 3d., a few Reserved Seats at 6d. This is to be followed by a Course of Six LcUure* ear^y next year. (^PECIAL NOTICE. MR. W. JACKSON, The well-known Pawnbroker, of Manchester, having taken over the business as concern from Mr. S. Lasei^n, of Llandudno, has decided, before the n^l^ck by Pri- tie starteo, to wm be re.mark. ^spSdly for this Sale, and goods will be sold for less than cost of any Wholesale House. »-p* he SALE WILL COMMENCE ON X 31st OCTOBER, and will continue for General Drapery, Clothing (Gents' and Ladies'), Boots, Shoes, Hosiery Jewellery Plate, Watches, Umbrellas, Ribbons, lies, Collars, Underclothing, Cameras, Kodaks, Opera and Field Glasses in Urge variety, I^arge Stock of Second-hand Clothing (for- feited) to be cleared at anv price. CALL EARLY to ensure these Bargains. Note Address:- W. JACKSON, PAWNVUOKER 8.: JEWELLER, 125. MOSTYN STREET, LLANDUDNO. Money I-ent on Plate, Watches, Jewellery, Furniture, Pianos, Sewing Machines, and Clothing of every description. 3°5 COALS AND GAS COKE. iiig iit-Qu-a iMi,6s-L-Lowc-t P". Truck Loads to any Station. Enquirers give reference to this paper. WRITE:- THE G. J. EVESON, COAL & COKE Co. LTD. BIRMINGHAM. Che Rorlb Wales Weekly news And series of 12 Popular Weekly Newspapers. The Colwyn Bay Weekly News. The Conway Weekly News. The Penmaeamawr Weekly News. The Llanfairfechan Weekly News. The Bangor Weekly News. The Llandudno Weekly News, The Llanrwst Weekly News. The Bettws-y-Coed Weekly News. The Vale of Conway Weekly News. The Abergele Weekly News. The Vale of Clwyd Weekly News. The North Wales Weekly News (General Edition). SPECIAL NOTICE TO ADVERTISERS. Advertisements appear in the whole of the above NEW p ipers at ONE INCLUSIVE CHARGE, and at a price U!1, asked for insertion in one newspaper only. Scale of Charges will be forwarded on application. SPECIAL PREPAID ADVERTISING SCALE, For SITUATIONS VACANT AND WANTED, ARTICLES FOR SALF, APARTMKNTS AND HOUSES To LET, MISCELLANEOUS, &C. One Three Insertion. Insertions 12 Words os. 6d. is. od. 24 ti 1 S. od. 2s. od. 36 1 s. 6d. 3s. od. 48 23. od. 4s. od. 60 as. 6d. 5s. oj. 72 33. od. 63. od. 84 3'" 61. 7s. od. 96 4s. od. 8s. od. If booked, double these rates will be charged. RELIGIOUS SERVICES, &c. SPECIAL PREPAID SCALE FOR ADVERTISEMENTS RELATING TO RELIGIOUS SERVICES AND PREACHERS, CHARITIES, ENTERTAINMENTS, &C. 1 week a weeks. 4 weeks. ao Words. I s. od. is. 6d. as. 6d. 30 » I s. 6d. as. 6d. 4s. od. 40 1. as. od. 3s. 6d. 6s. od. 5° „ as. 6d. 4s. od. 7s. od. And 6d per insertion for every additional 10 Words. tialf-penny stamps accepted in payment of all sums under st. The charge for Births and Deaths is is. each. In Memoriani notices, 2s, 6d.; Marriages, 2s. 6d. An extra charge is made for booking. The announcements of Births, Marriages, and Deaths must be authenticated by the Dame and ailci! ess of the sender Wednesday Mid-Day s post is the latest time for receiving Advertisements. Address- Head Office :-R. E. JONES & BROS. (Proprietors), "The Weekly News" Office, Coawa) Telephones- No. 31-Editorial and Publishing Offices, StatioD Road, ColwYB Bay. No. U-3, Rose Hill Street, Conway. No. 12a-Printing Works, The Quay, Conway. Telea-rams-" Weekly News," Conwav.
TIDE TABLE FOR THE NORTH WALES COAST.* NOVEMBER. Date. Morn. Even. height. II 4 30 5 24 118 13 6 6 53 12 3 13 7 27 7 5° 12 10 14 • • 8 23 ■ 851 14 9 IS 9 i5 9 29 16 8 16 9 9 59 18 6 17 to 21 10 55 19 9 18 11 19 11 44 20 6 Conway 10 minutes later.
—^rrtc WRTH WALES WEEKLY NEWS." THIS ISSUE of the North Wales Weekly- News marks an interesting and important event in. the progressive history of our journal —its permanent enlargement from 72 to 84 columns, make no apology for calling ;at,tention to the event, because we know that a very large Timber of people in North Wales are as pissed as we are ourselves with the evidence affords of increasing :1 ing popularity and st-abiliv The history of this popularity and st-abiliv The history of this journal goes back to thx^jay of small things in North Wales. It was the beginning a small four-page paper beag the quaint title of "What News," which was brought out by Messrs. R. E. Jones and Bros. during the first County Council Elections in Colwyn Bay and Conway. This small venture met with such instant success that the proprietors felt justified in establishing a larger and more ambitious paper to serve a wider constitu- ency, and started the "Weekty News," which made uninterrupted progress until it attained a high pinnacle of success. The journal went on increasing in size, and for some time past it has been published in thirteen separate editions under the title of the North Wales Weekly News." Having regard to the record of steady pro- gress made in the face of many difficulties, the present is an occasion upon which those associated with the control and production of the North Wales Weekly News may reasonably congratulate themselves. For it is an occasion which gives not only proof of past success but promise of future advance- ment. The Weekly News has gone ahead, is going ahead, and will continue to go ahead. It has grown in circulation and in influence with the years, and its future is bright and encouraging. Looking back over the record of the days that are gone, we are struck with the high regard in which the expressions of opinion voiced in our columns have always been held by the con- stituency in which it circulated. That con- stituency, if narrow at first, has broadened out to an extraordinary extent, until now in all parts of North Wales the name of this paper is a household word. From the very outset of its career, the paper has wielded a great influence 1 nd commanded general re- spect, and the influence and respect are hap- pily on the increase. The enormous growth of the circulation is also another matter for con- gratulation. Commencing with a sale of a few hundred copies, the growth has been steady and constant, until by to-day we have the premier paper on the North Wales Coast. The old style of setting the type by hand has long since given place to .the up-to-date- method of compiling the columns by machinery. No newspaper with a wide cir- culation like our own, reporting the news of a large district, and having a highly satis- factory circulation, can for a moment con- template the old ways of type-setting or printing, and the North Wales Weekly News has moved with the times and along- side its own success. From time to time the machinery has been replaced in order to meet the growing demands, and it is a matter of satisfaction to ourselves that even at this moment, after all the enterprising expenditure, the whole resources of our up- to-date plant are severely taxed :n the pub- lishing of the paper. The columns of the Weekly News have always been freely opened to the public for the expression of the opinions oi all sorts and conditions of men and women. We believe thoroughly in the freedom of the Press, and while exercis- ing it to the full ourselves, we have never denied it to those who have had something to say that was worth saying, whether we have agreed with the writer or not. We have at all times identified ourselves ab- solutely with the interests of the ever-widen- ing community to which this paper has appealed, and that shall continue to be our a.im and purpose. We look with every con- fidence to the future. We shall continue to stand fearlessly for the progressive principles which we hold dear and which we know aie cherished by the great bulk of the population of North Wales. We have to thank our thousands of readers for their sympathy and support in the past, and to bespeak for the Weekly News the contiued help of all who desire the successful application of right principles in the conduct of local and Imperial affairs. WTe are making new friends every week, but in this respect we want more, and if, on our part, we give of our best to the spread of Liberal principles, the advancement of social reforms, and the furtherance of all questions relating to the good of the community, we may legitimate- ly ask for the support of every inhabitant of North WTales interested in the great warfare between reaction and progress. A large number of congratulations have already reached us, and we desire to thank the writers, representative as they are of all "lasses, for their good wishes and words of kindly encouragement.
]II1II8 HEALTHY HOMES. WE have much pleasure in calling atten- tion to a splendid movement which has been started for the improvement of the home life oi Wales. There has recently been formed a Welsh Housing Association, whose Presi- dent is that distinguished Welsh patriot, Lord Kenyon, K.C.V.O., whose services to the cause of Welsh education are so, thank- fully recognised, whilst the list of Vice- Presidents includes such widely respected names as those of Mr. Ellis J. Griffith, K.C., M.P., the Earl of Plymouth, Mr. John E. Greaves (Lord Lieutenant of Carnarvon- shire), Lady St. Davids, Mr. David Davies, M.P., and the Lord Mayor of Cardiff. Prominent members of the Council are the four Welsh Bishops, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Ellis Griffith, Sir Alfred Mond, M.P., Mr. William Jones, M.P., and Sir John Prichard Jones—to name only a few. The Secretary and Hon. Consulting Architect, is Mr. W. St. John Hancock, C.E., whose London offices are at 9, Temple Chambers, E.C. It will be seen that the promoters of Ibis movement are ladies and gentlemen who have the best interests of the people at heart. What is the object of the Association? Briefly, it has been formed for the purpose of investigating the state of housing in Wales and its borders, and for devising means to improve the same so far as they affect the social, moral, and econ- omic conditions of the people. Realising that any movement that is to be effective must emanate from the classes really con- cerned, it is desired—without reference to political party or religious denomination—to make the Association voice the aspirations of Welsh men and women who are prepared to help themselves. It is believed that a genuine expression of opinion by a large body of members will command the assistance of those whose inclinations and circumstances make such help possible. Local Committees are being, formed throughout Wales. These will be assisted and promoted by the Grand Com. mittees in Wales, and by an expert central body located for the time being in the Metropolis, and composed of those whose •experience and patriotism enable them to take advantage of the experimental work that has been of so great a service in England. Garden cities and garden suburbs, or villages, are now a great and tangible object- lesson in England, and their establishment has awakened the people to the fact that much can be done, even under existing laws, to improve the material home con- ditions, and that such improvements will advance the social, moral and physical con- ditions oi life in rural distriots and in towns. Here are two or three facts full of encour- agement to the Welsh reformer. The first Chairman and the first Honorary Organising Secretary of the first Council of the Garden J City Association were Welshmen. The pre- sent Chairman of the First Garden City Company, Ltd." (Letchworth), is also a Welshman. These three are now associated with the Welsh movement, and these cir- cumstances suggest that Wales may have other such organisers and altruistic work- ers to do a similar service on behalf of their native country. The Welsh Housing Asso- ciation, in a word, is no catchpenny," dividend-grinding concern, but represents a genuine and patriotic effort to elevate the standard of home life in Wales. Persons of all classes are enabled to join in the move- ment, and we sincerely hope that the Asso- ciation will soon include a very large num- ber of our readers, to whose notice we have every confidence in submitting the aims of the Association. That thete is need, and urgent need, for such a movement in Wales is only too true. It cannot be denied that in the villages and rural districts there are serious deficiencies in the housing conditions. This is proved teyond question by the disclosures contained in the report of the School Medical In- spectors in various districts. It is proved by the vital statistics published on unim- peachable authority. And it is equally cer- tain that the hight rate of mortality from certain diseases is attributable to the con- ditions prevailing in the homes of the people. 'Yery useful legislation has recently been passed which will aid the task of remedying this faulty housing. But the surest hope of a real and lasting improve- ment is the desire of the pepole to help themselves," and the means afforded them of thus helping themselves by the formation of the Welsh Housing Association.
DISTRICT NURSES. EVERYONE admires the splendid work done by District Nurses but few of us have real- ised that these ladies who do so much for ,the alleviation of pain and suffering are themselves the victims of a great injustice. The case is stated with admirable clearness and force in a recent number of The Nurs- ing Mirror," which shows how seriously many District Nurses are over-worked and how they suffer in health as a consequence. We agree with the Nursing Mirror that the proper organisation of district nursing extends far beyond the mere raising of funds, and that the committee engaging a nurse to do certain duties for a certain num- ber of hours are breaking their contract by allowing their nurse to become over-worked, even with her own consent." We hope that Nursing Associations in North Wales will give this matter their immediate attention.
PERSONAL AND SOCIAL. The Marquis of Anglesey has purchased ,the mansion of I'las Llanfair, Anglesey. Lord Penrhyn on Friday arrived at Pen- rhyn Castle from Scotland. Lord Harlech, Lady Harlech, and Mr. Ormsby-Gore, M.P., have been staying for a few days at Glyn. An official of the South Kensington Museum has offered ^250 for four oak carvings of Scriptural figures in the Bangor Corporation Estate. The dea'th has occurred at the port of Rufisque, West Africa, of Captain Lewis Jones, commander of the Elder Dempster steamer Prahsu. Captain Jones, whose age was 39 years, was a native of Aberdovey. William Evans, a Welsh giant, was porter to Charles the First, and had as fellow-ser- vant one Jeffrey Hudson, a dwarf. At a masque at Court the giant drew out of his pocket the dwarf, to the great amazement of the King and his guests The Rev. R. Prys Owen, pastor of the New Broughton Calvinistic Methodist Church, near Wrexham, has accepted an invitation to become minister of the Llangefni Calvin- istic Methodist Church, Anglesey, and will enter upon his duties there at the beginning of the new year. Mrs. Margaret Hughes, of Birkdale, South- port, has been appointed chief mistress at the Llangollen County School out of fiftv-six applicants. Mrs. Hughes—then Miss Hyslop —was one of the original staff of the school on its formation. Mr. T. P. O'Connor, M.P., has promised to deliver an address to the Bangor Univers- ity College Debating Society on the 24th of March. The Bangor Liberal Association have seized the opportunity to ask him to address a Liberal meeting in the town after- wards. The Association have also asked Mr. John, of Llanidan Hall, Anglesey, to deliver an address on Federal Home Rule. -¥- n The death took place at Prestatyn early on Saturday of Mr. Millward, in his 90th year. Mi. Millward was formerly in business as a draper in Abergele, and was one of the two remaining members of the coroner's jury who sat at the inquiry into the terrible acci- dent at Abergele in 1868, when the Irish mail was set on fire through colliding with a goods train containing barrels of petroleum Mr. Eric Robinson, who was for some years a pupil at Alun County School, has been recommended by the Colonial Secretary to a post in the Malay Federated States forest Service. The salary attached to the post is £OO, rising by regular increments to £8-+°, with a possibility of reaching £1,200 per annum. Before going abroad Mr. Robinson will be attached to Oxford Uni- versity for two years to undergo a course in forestry. Mr. Robinson is a B.Sc. of Wales, and he received his University training at Bangor. At a meeting of church members of Beth- e-ida Calvinistic Methodist Church, Mold, on Sunday, it was decided to give a unanimous call to the Rev. Griffith Parry Williams, of Pontypridd, South Wales, to become the pastor of the church. Mr. Williams has been at Pontypridd about eight years, and prior to that he was Professor of Hebrew and Greek at Trevecca College. The new Moderator of the North Wales C.M. Assembly is the Rev. John Williams. Educated at Bala Colloge, he was for five years headmaster of the Clynnog Prepara- tory School, and subsequently, for 15 years, he had the pastoral charge of Tabernacle Church, Bangor. In 1895 he removed to Holyhead to take charge of the largest Meth- odist church in Anglesey.
CAKES AND PUDDINGS.—No. 52. APRICOT PUDDING. Sent by Mrs. Hipwell, Stratford-on-Avon. 1 packet Cakeoma. Small tin (I lb.) Apricots. pint Milk. 1 Egg- METTior.—Mix the Cakeoma, Egg and Milk to a smooth batter, and put into a well buttered pudding basin, then add to it the Apricots, leaving out the juice for Sauce. Boil for one hour, then turn out and pour the juice round and serve. Cakeoma is sold in 3! packets by Grocers and Stores everywhere. Recipe book will be sent post free on re- quest to Latham & Co., Ltd., Liverpool. I
WEEK BY WEEK. Mr. Justice Banks has marked his promo- tion to the bench by presenting a reading- room to Soughton, in his native county of Flint. The family seat is Soughton Hall, purchased by the judge's ancestor, the Right Rev. John Wynne, bishop successively of St. Asaph and of Bath and Wells. Mr. Benjamin R. Jones, who has just been appointed judge of Common Pleas of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, is a thorough Welshman, and, although Ameri- can born, can speak Welsh fluently. He is the third son of the late John C. Jones, formerly a lead miner at Goginan, North Cardiganshire, who emigrated to America in 1864. In September last Judge Jones paid a flying visit to England, France and Ger- many, and spent a few days at Aberystwyth, where he was the guest of his uncle, Mr. Thomas Jones, Llanbadarn. Is there any bird that is a slave to narcotics? This remarkable question is asked by a Manxman, who has noted a num- of poppy-heads broken into and plundered of their seeds, apparently by members of the feathered tribe. The Canadian Pacific Railway have issued a guide-book to emigrants in the Welsh language, entitled Canada i'r Cymry "— Canada for the Welsh." This is a larger outlook than even the supposed cry of Wales for the Welsh." When he was in America the other day Father Bernard Vaughan—who comes of good old Welsh stock—visited the Iroquois Indian Reservation, and was received into the tribe by the chief and christened Rawenenhawi," which means Word-of- God-carrier. MARRIAGE A LA YANK. (An American woman has-been granted a divorce rOJl1 her husband, a W elshman, on the ground that he refused to allow her to .place her cold feet in the small of his back at night). America is freedom's home Admitted 'tis, of course In nothing is that freedom more Apparent than divorce. A Welshman clapped the closure on When wifie had recourse Unto his back to warm her feet- Which action spelt divorce. Great country! where the mare is proved To be the better horse, And plants her toes in hubby's spine— Or sues him for divorce. We Britons can't be used as stoves, Nor driven thereto by force. But, ah, we're only children in The ethics of divorce. (In the Western Mail "). IDRIS. Not knowing that there is no q in the Welsh language, this week's "M.A.P." gives the heading of Llw Pilchyqunll to the following note:—"Mr. Orsmby-Gore, M.P., the Conservative member for Denbigh, says that if landlords have to pay any more taxes to a Radical Government, he for one will not hesitate to use the sword of his ancestor, Sir Hugh Owen. This threat is all the more serious because the gentleman who makes it is heir to Harlech Castle, while Mr. Lloyd George is Constable of Carnarvon Castle hard by. Imagine the scene—Mr. Lloyd I George crying out, as at the City Temple, for Blooms, not Blood," while the Men of Harlech, led by Mr. Ormsby-Gore, reply, Gore for George." It will end, the writer I fears, in a bye-election. w A newly-made magistrate was gravely ab- sorbed in a formidable document. Raising his keen eyes, he said to the man who stood patiently awaiting the award of justice, Officer, what is this man charged with?" Bigotry, your worship. Fie 's got three wives." Th new justice rested his elbows on the desk and placed his finger tips to- gether. Officer," he said, somewhat stern- ly, what is the use of .all this education, all these evening schools, all the technical classes, an' what not? Please, remember in any future like case, that a man who has married three wives has not committed bigotry, but trigonometry. Proceed."
SAYINGS OF THE WEEK. LORD FABER. The gentlemen of to-day want to work four days a week and play golf the rest; but if they can get a good job of six days they should drop the golf and take the job.—At De Keyser's Hotel. BISHOP OF LINCOLN. A little dulness, a little slowness, a little incapacity to take i:1 great opponup;ties- these are characteristics of the British race. —At York. ALDERMAN GARRETT. I Jn oiganised games and school gardens children can obtain a mastery over them- selves.—At Pettaush. BISHOP WELLDON. If there is to be a universal language, it must be English; and the sooner it becomes a universal language the better.—At Bir- mingham. w w MR. ELLIS GRIFFITH, K.C., M.P. To us, "s Celtic people, the life of the mind and of the spirit always has its supreme message.—At Holvhead. LADY FREDERICK CAVENDISH. The home, cared for by father and mother, is a nursery that God has planned.-At Leeds. MISS EVELYN SHARP. If it is difficult to cook well and economi- cally in the homes of the rich—and, judging by many results, it is difficult-it becomes a work of genius and a fine art in the homes of the poor.—In the Manchester Guard- ian." SIR J. PRICHARD JONES. It is stupid of men who have wealth not to see what good they can do whilst thev are alive, instead of leaving it to others after them.—At the Welsh Club.
-c: JOTTINGS FROlf NATURE. NOVEMBER 7TH. It is no uncommon sight in winter to see the great crested grebe in our local waters. Usually making its first appearance on our coast with rough or inclement weather, the bird has been observed as early as Septem- ber, and keen ornithologists are generally able to count the individuals they see during the last three months in almost any year upon the fingers of at least one hand. On the ist one came to within a few feet of the beach in Llandudno Bay early on the morning of the 3rd another individual was seen off the Great Orme, and to-day I watched two in the Bay. While it is preen- ing its feathers it is often possible to obtain a good view of the bird, but if its attention is devote4 to the pursuing of fish, we must content ourselves with the brief opportunities that are afforded us for watching it during the moments that follow each occasion it as. cends to the water's surface, and it not un- commonly happens that no sooner are our glasses upon it than it vanishes below. The chestnut tippets that are characteristic of its spring plumage are absent in autumn and winter, and the ear-tufts, too, are then con- siderably reduced, but, for all that, it is an elegant bird when sailing on the water, for it bears an erect, if not graceful carriage when on land, however, it has an awkward waddle. There are no recorded instances of the nesting of the great crested grebe in Carnarvonshire or Denbighshire, but, though a pair or two bred until recent years in Anglesea, it not only nests regularly on the meres of the border counties and in Cheshire, but its numbers, too, are appar- ently increasing.
1 Home Rule for Wales. THE DISESTABLISHMENT QUESTION. (By EDW. T. JOHN.) The events of the last three months have. demonstrated that the Federal solution of our legislative difficulties commends itself not only to the Nationalists of Scotland, Wales and Ireland, but also to leaders of both Unionist and Radical thought in England. Mr T. P. O'Connor's elucidation of the Federal nature of the Home Rule desired for Ireland has, he claims, received the enthus- itasic endorsement of Canada, Scotland has by the unanimous vote of the representatives of its Liberal Associations declared for tedcral Home Rule for Scotland, a declara- tion supported by a great popular gathering of over 4000 people in Glasgow, while the Anglesey and Denbigh Boroughs Associa- tions have intimated their support of a similar policy for Wales, the Welsh Liberal press with practical unanimity and many of tne Welsh Members of Parliament having also expressed their agreement. There is, however, undoubtedly need for guaraing against the issues being confused, and it is well that Liberai electors in Wales should bear in mind that the solution pro- I posed abolishes entirely the hereditary quali- I fication for legislation, discards wholly in the four national Legislatures anything in the form of Second Chambers, seeks for the national Legislatures very wide powers, in- cluding in Wales the question of THE RELATION BETWEEN CHURCH AND STATE. contemplates for these Chambers a triennial period based c n adult suffrage, but in order to maintain fully Imperial unity concedes to an elected Imperial Senate the right of veto and revision, but witholds from it any power of initiation in domestic affairs The effect of this would be that with the election of the first Liberal Imperial Senate, which will be little else than the present House of Com- mons, reduced somewhat in numbers and reinforced by such cf the peers as secure election, the wishes of Wales as regards dis- establishment would prevail. It is only fair to point out that under this system England will enjoy as complete a measure of self- government as the other countries, and will, in the elected Senate, still maintain the pre- ponderance to which her greater population entitles her. In Lhe main however, the legislative work of the respective national Legislatures will no doubt be endorsed by an elected Senate. The need for some such scheme of devolu- tion is demonstrated by the mere enumera- tion of the questions immediately waiting the attention of Parliament, such as the representation of Labour in Parliament, the payment jf members, and the political activities of trade unions, the enormously complicated task of recasting our Poor Law system, the devising of methods of industrial insurance which will materially diminish the effects of unemployanent without militating against the efficiency of our friendly society system, the great problem of unemployment itself, for which Labour Exchanges at best can be but a palliative, and which probably can only be successfully dealt with by a wider application of the principles of Mr. Lloyd George's Development Act, the re- modelling b-yth of local government finance and, indeed, local government itself, the former acutely urgent by reason of the great burdens now resting upon the localities, the reconsideration of our licensing arrange- ments, left unreformed by the rejection by the Lords of the Licensing Bill, the removal of the open sore created by the Education Act of 1902, and after the Census of 1911 a large measure of redistribution of seats—all questions of general interest wholly apart from the special needs of Scotland, Wales, and Ireland. The case for devolution is overwhelming. On the ofth-r hand, with these domestic questions dealt with by the home Legis- latures, the Imperial Parliament, consisting of an elected Senate only, would be able to give continuous and more adequate atten- tion to foreign affairs, to the well-being of the great dependency of India, to our rela- tions, commercial and other, with the over- seas dominions, and the maintenance in adequate strength and efficiency of the army and navy. I am sure I only express the sentiments of \\elsh Radicals generally when I deplore the small amount of thought and arttention given by Parliament, as at present constituted, to 1he interests of the teeming millions of India—it amounts to a very gross and scandalous neglect by the British demo- cracy of one of its most sacred duties. I am not at all sure that Welsh Radicals approve of the existmg method by which the control of foreign affairs is so largely with- drawn from the cognisance of Parliament. An Imperial Senate would undoubtedly con- stitute a foreign affairs committee, which would closely watch our foreign relations, and might reasonably be expected to see that peace was not disturbed without adequate cause. In a word, the time has come when Great Britain can, almost with common consent, rearrange her legislative machinery upon lines of BUSINESS AND COMMON SENSE. In this great reform I hope Wales will take no mean share, and I trust that the meeting of the Welsh Nation?.] Liberal Council may not be much longer deferred. While it is no doubt inevitable that the Chancellor should refrain, under existing circumstances, from attending gatherings involving important political pronouncements, Wales should be permitted to express its views upor a situa- tion of surpassing interest. LLanidan Ilall, .Anglesev
-c. Renovated "La Marguerite." FUTURE ALTERATIONS IN THE METHOD OF PROPELLING SHIPS A satisfactory condition of affairs was re- corded at the annual meeting of the Liver. pool and North Wales Steamship Company held on Tuesday of last week in Liverpool" The Chairman, Mr. Henrv M'lver, referred to the fact that since their last meeting the steamer La Marguerite had been reboilered. It had been gratifying to have the work done at a home post." Many first-class firms tendered, but Messrs. Cammell, Laird, were successful. The directors realised when they purchased La Marguerite that it would be necessary at a later date to have new boilers. Now that this work had been car- ried out, she represented a better invest- ment than a new vessel at a larger expendi- ture. The policy of the Company had been to purchase vessels not entirely new, and the practice was satisfactory, for it helped them to increase and develop the business in other ways. This policy, however, might not be pursued indefinitely, and when the trade warranted it. the directors might place a contract for a new steamer. There wi uld be material alterations in the future with regard to the method cf pro- pelling vessels, and he had no doubt in his own mind that the internal combustion engine would take the place of the popular turbine. When the time arrived, the Com- pany would be ready with a steamer up to date in every respect. The present capital of the Company was £63,700, and with the debenture issue the total was ^88,700. The original cost to the Company of the present fleet was £157,332, and the cost of the old Welsh Company's property acquired, with the steamer Bonnie Princess (since disposed of), was .114 782, making a total of £172,114. They had written off in depreciation ^95,839, and car- ried £7,000 to reserve, bringing down the value of the steamers to 6711-,400. The Company had cash in hand and outride in- vestments to the amount of 1.2I2. and no less a sum than (61,459 had been paid in dividends. This meant that the original shareholders had had their capital returned I to them. I RHYL DEVELOPMENTS. A shareholder inquired with reference to developments which were proposed at Rhvl, and the Chairman said that, although the Company were not connected with the enter- prise, they were watching it with interest, and, if the circumstances warranted it, would run a service to the extended Rhyl Pier.
Poor Law Reform. Schemes Submitted to Conway Guardians. At Friday's meeting of the Conway Board of Guardians the following report was pre- sented by the Clerk on behalf of the Relief Committees The items upon which the Relief Com- mittees were called upon to deliberate were as follows (1) The grant of Out-Relief, which is inadequate, because it does not sufficiently meet the actual necessities of the case. (2) The giving of indiscriminate or unconditional out-door relief. (3) The lack of uniformity in the prin- ciples on which out-door relief is adminis- tered. (4) Relief Committees. (5) Relieving Officers. II (6) Case Paper System. (7) Pay Stations. (8) Non-Resident Cases. (9) Out ddor Medical Relief. I. (lfJ) Co-operation between Charity and the Poor Law. The Committees' decisions and Clerk's re- port on these points were as follows :— (1) Each Committee has adopted the prin- ciple of giving adequate relief in deserving cases, which, to some extent, accounts for the somewhat increased aggregate amount of relief given with a less number in receipt of relief. This policy the I.ocal Government Board emphasise and advocate. (2) Our Committees consider all cases on their merits, and indiscriminate relief is not given under any circumstances. (3) The question of adopting some form of classification has been considered bv a Special Committee and by the Board on two occasions, but no table or schedule was adopt- ed, although a good one was submitted by the Committee. It is something of this nature the Local Government Board now seem to recommend in order to secure uni- ;o formity. For the benefit of the new mem- bers of the Board, and to refresh the memories of old members, I append the table or schedule recommended by the aforementioned Special Committee. (4) The Local Government Board recom- mended that Relief Committees should be representative of all parts of the Union, and not a particular area only, and that a Guard- ian should not adjudicate upon applications from residents in the parish which he repre- sents. Each Committee are of opinion that the Guardians of the parish which they re- present are the proper persons to consider the cases from that parish, as they know all the local circumstances and are the best judges of what is requisite for the adminis- tering of adequate relief, as local circum- stances change in almost all parishes. (5) Each Committee agree that no further Relieving Officers or Assistant Relieving Officer be engaged at present, but it should at the same time be pointed out that the Case Paper System (see next item) and the system of Relief Pay Stations (see item 7) will increase the work attached to the Relieving Officer vastly, especially in the Conway district, which extends from Llanrhos and Penmaenmawr almost to Capel Curig, and the calling places are most scattered (this applies in a somewhat lesser degree to the Colwyn Bay and Llandudno districts), but it is probably possible to give it a triai for a few weeks, and then to receive the Relieving Officer's reports. In any case, I should not recommend any alteration until the 1st April or the 1st October, 1911, preferably the latter date principally on account of the work entailed by the census now proceed- ing. (6) Each Committee is agreed on the adoption of the Case Paper System in each Relief District, and I strongly recommend the system. I (with Mr. Post) visited the Chorlton Union, and examined the arrange- ments there, and in order that the Guard- ians may, to some extent, understand the system, I appended hereunder two typical cases, from which it will be seen that the whole history of the cases from the first appli- cation of relief, is always before the officers and the Guardians, whereas the present sys tem depends too much upon the memory of the Guardians and officials. I recommend that each Relieving Officer be supplied with the proper cabinet and a sufficient supply of forms, &c.. that they be instructed to' in- augurate the system as soon as is in practicable giving them adequate time for the purnose (say 1st October). (7) Each Committee has decided to defer the matter of continuing or dispensing with Relief Pay Stations until after 1st January The Local Government Board states defin- itely that in only exceptional cases in future will they be prepared to consent to the con- tinuance of these stations. It would, how- ever, be very inconvent, to institute domicil- ary payments until after the census work is over. (8) The Local Government Board state That where Guardians undertake the re sponsibility of administering non-ssttled relief on behalf of another Union, thev should impress on their officers the importance of exercising the same supervision over these cases as over cases belonging to this Union." In our Union this is already done, and all non-settled cases are treated in exactly the same way as those belonging to us. The question arose in one Relief Committee as to the advisability of sending the Relieving Z, Officer to visit our non-resident cases, and they recommended this course. The other two Committees were not in accord with that decision, and the question will have to be decided by the Board. If the Guardians can be satisfied that the foregoing instructions of the Local Government Board are carried out, there does not seem to be much, if any, necessity to make these visits it is certainly not required in non-settled cases in this Union. (9) The Guardians of this Union have never given medical relief indiscriminately, but have not hesitated to give it, and also sup- plied nurses fron Nursing Homes, when it has been necessary, and I believe will con- tinue to do so. (10) The three Relief Committees would I believe, be quite disposed to work with duly constituted charity organisations, and would be glad to avail themselves of'their help to prevent over-lapping and indiscrim- inate charity or poor relief. Generally, the principles governing out- door relief as recommended or ordered bv the Local Government Board are at the present time carried out in the true spirit in this Union, and for some years it has been the policy of the Board to relieve adequately the deserving, the widows and childern, and the sick, and I have no reason to believe any other course is in contemplation, and if this spirit prevades the three Relief Committees, it would seem to me that the instructory and advisory circular of the Local Govern- ment Board of the 18th March last was being practised in this Union. The Board decided to defer consideration of the report.
I Hockey. COLWYN BAY AND DISTRICT v BANGOR UNIVERSITY. The above match took place on the Bay field on Prince's Drive on Saturday, be fore a large gathering. The home captain having won the toss, play commenced at three o'clock, and he decided to play facing the town. The home men shaped none too well in the first part of the game in meeting the combined movements of the 'Varsity, but with the new additions to the Bayites they are a coming lot, and there was little of an exciting: naturp TJ U J when there was nTSC0 £ showed miore busiressb'l second half, and i ™'etihod's in game, though it b-v far most of the 'Varsity made ivf n0t forgotteii tliat gave them pWv f1 pla>r their best> and whistle blew time W°rk" should this match h s<x>re was 2"°> and at home or awav -n?6 again, either be the other wa\- v result would no doubt way about. 9