HEA VI" RA TES. IT IS SURPRISING to find that some of the strug- gling shop-keepers, especially in our seaside re- sorts, are opposed to the land clauses of the Bud- get. They complain of the harassing burdens which impede their prosperity, and yet they fail to realise that these burdens are the result of the land monopoly which the Budget seeks to remove. They say they are hampered by heavy railway freights and high local rates. Bu t they do not perceive that these heavy railway freights and high local rates are an inevitable conse- quence of our existing land system and that the aim of the Budget is to lighten the load which presses so sorely upon them. Railway freights are heavy because the landowners charge such exorbitant prices for the land upon which rail- ways are built. Local rates are high because they are not fairly distributed, if they may be said to be distributed at all. The man who lays out his money on a fine shop is penalised by the local authorities for so doing the landlord whose land is thereby improved goes scot-free. It is the sites and not the shops that should be rated. The greater the enterprise shown by the shop- keeping community of a town, the more valu- able does the land in the neighbourhood be- come, but that land contributes practically no- thing to the cost of local government, the bur- den of which is cast upon the shoulders of those who have already made great sacrifices on be- half of the community. In the same way the building trade is hampered. Everywhere the need is for more room, more houses, more land to build houses on and yet the present system ac- tually bestows a premium on the dog-in-the- manger person who keeps his sites unoccupied, and penalises everybody who builds and im- proves, just in proportion as he does build or improve. People do not realise the full signi- ficance of the reform which Mr. Lloyd George seeks to achieve. Take municipal life, and the activities of local government what is bringing to a standstill nearly every advance there ? The oppression of rates. And why are rates so op- pressive ? Because their burden falls on the wrong shoulders, and does not fall on the right ones. How the ratepayer is hit in both ways one case, now very familiar, will show. Early in 1908 the Northumberland County Council bought three-quarters of an acre of land from the Duke of Northumberland to build a school on. The assessment of the site for rating had been £ 17s. and its price to the Council was, exclusive of law costs, /698 15s.6d. Clearly either the assessment was too low or the price too high almost certainly both were wrong and, unfortun- ately, the case is only too typical. What does a merchant, a warehouse owner, a millowner, or a shop-keeper mean when he bewails the pinch of the rates ? He means (whether he knows it or not) the pinch of the rates on buildings and improvements. The rates on his site do not hurt him much they mostly come, and with a better system could all come, frorajfiis landlord's pocket. It is the rate on the buildings and improvements that comes from his own pocket and for every extension of his mill, every room added to his offices, every plate- glass window added to his shop, he has directly or indirectly to pay rates, directly or indirectly to feel the pinch of high rates. Why, then, op- pose a just reform of this anomaly ? It is very difficult indeed to understand such opposition. Such a reform has long been badly needed. Clearly the existing one-sided system is unjust. It is not Tariff Reform that will ease the burden that is crushing the urban ratepayer. What is wanted is Land Reform and Rating Reform and these are the boons which the Chancellor of the Exchequer is endeavouring to obtain for those who need them.
Election Chatter. The Bishop of St. Asaph voted for the Budget in the' House of iords. Doubt has been cast by a Conservative con- temioorary upon our statement that in some Parts of Wales the rural electors are afraid to declare their political views, because of the landlord." ^e adhere to our statement, and are prepared to prove it. < There are districts even in North Wales where the agricultural electors believe that the land- lords can find out how they have voted. • These' people have nothing to fear. The ballot is absolutely secret. it There is no necessity for farmers to reply to pertain circulars sent to them demanding to <now how they proposed to vote in the coming General Election. e deplore and condemn the conduct of those lnterruptors at Penmaenmawr, who wrecked the Meeting held on behalf of Mr. Arthur Hughes. « Men who do such things must remember that they are playing with a two edged sword. « They may succeed in their efforts for the time bein^ but in so doing they alienate the sym- pathies of people who otherwise" might be con- verted to their side. Besides, freedom of speech is one of the undiamental principles of Liberalism, and those who deny freedom of speech to any section of the community, whether the minority or the majority, strike a heavy blow at the very roots of Liberalism. ,^6 sincerely hope that there will be no more t this rowdyism, and that the Conservative can- 1 dates in North Wales and their supporters may be permitted to state their case in peace. If, as we believe, the Liberal party have a good case, let then rely upon the justice of their case and not upon interference with the liberty of those who may be opposed to them. If, on the other hand, the views advocated by the Conservatives are not worthy of acceptance, let them set forth those views in public so that they mav be fairly judged on their merits. .J. Heckling, which may be all very well within certain well defined limits, becomes an offence directly those limits are over-stepped. The great mass of the people of this country love fair play, especially in political contro- versy, and therefore expect the majority to mete out to others the treatment they would wish to receive if they were in a minority. "Chwareu teg i bawb is a good old Welsh motto which should be acted upon in Wales. Wales shows every promise of remaining solid- ly Liberal in this Election. Reports from the South are most encouraging; whilst in the North our Members are doing better than ever. Although the Chancellor of the Exchequer is away from his constituency, he continues to lead the Liberal forc.s in the Boroughs from a dis- tance, and his speeches are followed here with the keenest posslible interest. The Conway demonstration on Monday night was a great success. A welcome feature of the contest in West Denbighshire is the enthusiasm with which Sir Herbert Roberts is being received in the very districts where at one time the Tariff Reform doctrines wlr-e apparently being eagerly swall- owed. All hopes of victory have been dashed out of the Conservative party in West Denbighshire, and now all efforts are being concentrated upon reducing the Liberal majority. Before the campaign started it was believed by the Conservatives and not denied by the Liberals that Colwyn Bay would prove a source of weak- ness to Sir Herbert. Now that the canvass has been completed a very diff-liren,t state of affairs has been disclosed. Mr. William Jones is making splendid progress in the large and scattered Arvon division, his wonderful eloquence and striking personality producing a marked effect wherever he goes. A most encouraging feature of the fight in West Denbighshire and Arvon is the number of able young men, who are appearing on the Liberal platforms. The Election has, in fact, brought to light a great reserve of oratorical and organising talent, greatly to the joy of the veterans who for so many years have borne the burden and the heat of the day.
SA Y INGS OF THE WEEK. MISS CONSTANCE SMEDLEY We must get rid of the belief in an outside fate. Our fate is within ourselves.—In the Queen." SIR FREDERICK LOW. One of the pleasantest features of political life in England is that politics do not make per- sonal enemies.—At Norwich. THE MAYOR OF SALFORD. Physical recreation is as essential for young people as intellectual and spiritual training.- At Salford. MR. ERNEST LOWE. Those people who are always telling us that work is a sure cure for most ills get their livings easily.—At Southampton. 0 W » MR. CLARENCE ROOK. i Men buy diamonds because women like them, and women like them because they are expen- sive, and diamonds are expensive because women like them.-Ip Vanity Fair." < DOROTHY DIX." While it is always good policy to flatter your sweetheart, it is money saved to soft soap your wife.—In the New York American." MR, FRANCIS E. LEUPP. One fence arouses an appetite for fruit in the boy who could pass a dozen unprotected orchards without thinking of apples.-In the Atlantic Monthly." HON. MRS. FITZROY STEWART. Of all the beauty which can adorn either man or woman, there is no beauty like that of perfect health, a fine bearing, and a keen intellect.—In the Strand Magazine." MISS MONICA WHITLEY. No amount of argument can prove to a man that there are such things as genuine sales.—In the Young Woman." LORD WILLOUGHBY DE BROKE. The introduction of self-propelled traffic has already seriously diminished our national horse supply.—In the Windsor."
Chancellor to Visit America. Mr. Lloyd George has been invited to visit the United States next summer as the guest of American Welshmen, and a Welsh correspondent of the Morning Leader states that it is under- stood Mr. Lloyd George's reply will be favour- able. He will be accompanied bv Sir Samuel T. Evans, the Solicitor-General, and Mabon and according to the Druid," the organ of Welsh people in America, a banquet will be given in his honour, at which President Taft is ex- pected to attend. In his invitation to the Chancellor, Mr. R. A. Phillips, President of Welsh Society, says that the Welsh people in America promise him a triumphant tour. The Pittsburg Cymmrodorion Society have also assured the Chancellor of a roval welcome, and the President of the Society writes The progress of your struggle for equitable taxation has been watched with intense interest by thoughtful Americams, who recognise that the epoch-making Budget with which your name is indissolubly connected, has not merely a British application."
Denbighshire Quarter Sessions. THE LLANDDULAS CASE. Sir Watkin Williams Wynn presided on Fri- day, and congratulated the county on the light- ness of the calendar, there being only two cases for trial. The following justices were re-appointed visi- tors to Ruthin Prison .—Colonel Cornwallis- West, Captain F. B. O. Cole, Colonel Saxon Greg- son Ellis, Messrs. G. H. Denton and Henry Wil- liams. John Williams (17), labourer, pleaded guilty to breaking and entering the house of William Hughes, at Llanddulas, on the 4th November, and stealing a metal watch and chain, four apples' and 2s. in money. Mr. T. H. Parry prosecuted. The Chairman said that the prisoner's record was a serious one, and he would be sentenced under the Borstall system to eighteen calendar months' imprisonment, with hard labour.
WEEK BY TVEEK. There is a Wales-street in the ancient city of Winchester. < This is the first general election for many gen- erations in which every seat in Wales is con- tested. Two members of Lieutenant Shackleton's ex- pedition were Welsh, two Irish, five Scottish, and the rest English. In a recent match between Leeds and Fulham Wales, Scotland, Ireland, and England were all represented in the Leeds forward line. The British holly tree of largest girth is that which stands in the grounds of Mrs. Lloyd Verney at Clochfaen, Montgomeryshire. It has a circumference of 30ft. The Welsh gentry of former days were very loyal to the Stuarts. In most of the old houses may be seen a small picture of Charles Edward, and also snuff-boxes in enamel with his portrait. Wales was often poked fun at in the old Poor Robin and other almanacks. For instance, in 1735 it was said that a Welshman whose house had a chimney was in a fair way of being pricked for high-sheriff." Celtic humanitarianism does not reach to the Isle of Man, seemingly. In Manx law a child guilty of pulling a horse's tail is liable to be seated for two hours cn a wooden horse and then whipped. Excavations at Barmouth show that 3,000 years B.C. the Welshmen of the period made it a watering place. The remains of a village have just been unearthed, together with some graves and urns. A Welsh-American who was in Cardiff last week said that when he left home there were seven choirs from Wales touring the United s States. He thought the feature was in danger of being overdone, and that the first class organ- isations are likely to suffer in consequence. < A Welsh visitor to Staffordshire at Christmas- tide was surprised to see the inscription Ceidw Owain a Gafodd over the door and on the gate posts of a house in Hanley. He could get no local explanation of it, and, therefore, seeks information wider afield. In a Truth puzzle competition to name the most typical Englishman, Scotsman, Irish- man, and Welshman respectively of the present time, most competitors mention Mr. Lloyd George but the names also occur of Sir S. T. Evans, Sir Vincent Evans, Sir Walter Vaughan Morgan, Sir John Rhys, and the Bishop of St. David's. Christmas was the subject given by the mistress of a South Wales boarding school to her pupils to write upon the other day. Here is the effort of one little miss:—" Christ- mas is the time when mother lights the fire in the front parlour, and when dad sits in the arm- chair in his white shirt sleeves. Also it is the time when mother goes to fetch the almanack from Mr. Brown, the grocer. Also it is the time when mother washes the curtains and makes the pudding. Also it is the time when sister plays Hark, the Herald Angels," on the harmonium. Also it is the time when we go to bed late." How risky it is to take the future for granted, even on a tombstone, is well illustrated by the following epitaph in Lawrenny Churchyard, Pembrokeshire :— .Sacred to the memory of Daniel Philip Rees, who died December 6, 1847, aged 46 years. Also of Elizabeth, his wife, who died ———— iS—, aged years. Blessed in the sight of the Lord is the death of his saint. The harmony of the above was broken by Eliza- beth marrying again, and the blanks were left as above. < < Abroad as well as at home Welshmen seem to lead the way in religious enterprise. The Rev. C. H. Williams, who is described as a Welshman knowing how to reach the hearts of his flock, found his way recently, apparently, to the bottom of their purses as well. Mr. Williams is stationed at Winnipeg, Canada, where a new Methodist Church was only erected two years ago, at a cost of 10,000, and duly paid for. Although contributions had so recently been re- ceived on such a liberal scale, Mr. Williams again appealed the other day for a further sum for Church purposes, and stated that a collection for those objects would be made at the evening service. At the offertory the magnificent sum of £ 12,000 was received. This is the largest amount, it is stated, ever received at a single collection in the Dominion, and it would be interesting to know whether the amount hfes been equalled at an offertory this side of the I water. < About a mile and a half from New Quay, Cardiganshire, is a farmhouse called Wern, where Henry Tudor, afterwards Henry VII., slept when on his memorable march from Mil- ford Haven to Bosworth in August, 1485. The Prince and his party also stayed for one night at Llwyndafydd, a village three and a half miles from New Quay, and were the guests of Dafydd ap Ieuan, the local magnate. Henry presented to his host a magnificent drinking horn, ancient- ly known in W ales as Hirlas," richly mounted on a silver stand, which was afterwards given to Richard, Earl of Carberv, and is now in the possession of the Earl of Cawdor, Golden Grove, Llandilo. On the following night Henry slept at Wern, which was then a fine old mansion, and he was the guest of Einon ap Dafydd Llwyd. The very room and bedstead used bv the King, together with the Lancastrian badge, can still be seen at Wern. Sir Roger and Lady Palmer have been enter- taining for the holidays at their Welsh seat, Cetti Hall, NA-rexhain. Sir Roger is the sole survivor of the nth Hussars who took part in the Bala- clava Charge. He was a subaltern in those days, but exchanged in 1853 to the 2nd Life Guards, where he rose to a major-generalship, retiring in 1881 with the honorary rank of lieu- tenant-general. He represented Mayo in Parlia- ment for eight years. As deputy-lieutenant for County Sligo and justice of the peace for Mayo, Dublin, Berkshire, and Denbighshire, he has been exceedingly active in county affairs in Eng- land, Ireland, and W ales. Cefn Hall commands some beautiful Welsh scenery, and is not a great distance from the lovely Vale of Llangollen. His Irish cstates are at Keenagh Lodge, County Mayo, and Kenure Park, County Dublin, but he is often to be found at Glenisland, Maidenhead, just below Boulter's Lock.
CAKES AND PUDDINGS.—No. 9. A very nice cake, and one which both children and adults will like, is made from the following recipe. It is very light and ea-sily digestible, if made according to directions. FIG CAKE (about 2 lbs.). 1 packet of Cakeoirua. 4 ozs. Butter. 2 Eggs. 4 or 5 Figs (cut into small pieces). A third to half a glass of milk. METHOD. Empty the Cakeoma into a large basin or mix- ing bowl, and rub the Butter into it. Beat the Eggs and, with the Milk, add them to the pre- vious ingredients, and lightly mix, then put in the Figs and mix again until well amalgamated, and make in a moderate oven. Next week a Fig Pudding recipe. Ca-keoma is sold only in. 3d. packets by Grocers and Stores everywhere.
I Colwyn Bay Public Library. I The number of volumes issued from the lending' department during the month of December last are as follows — Religion and Philosophy 84 Political and Social 14 Science and Natural History 38 Fine and Useful Arts 33 History and Biography 70 Prose Fiction 2846 Travels and Topography S3 Poetry and Drama 19 Essays, Criticism, Sic 57 Juvenile Books 302 Welsh Boois 37 Totat. 3553 An increase of 456 011 same period previous year. It is gratifying- to learn that the last year may be described as having been a record year in all departments of the library's work. The number of borrowers has increased to 1168, and the number of volumes issued from the lending department during the year reached the total of 34,930, being an increase of 5,519 on the previous year. There were added to the library during the year 626 volumes, 489 of these having been purchased, and the remainder presented by Rev J. Hunter Smith, M.A., Rev H. Elderkin, Dr Lloyd Roberts, Mrs Spencer, Messrs H. Vallance, E. E. Kelly, J. Jones, Victoria Park T. R. Roberts (Asaph), and others, to whom the thanks of the Committee have already been expressed. About 300 volumes were re-bound during the year. The Committee met every month, and exer- cised great care and discrimination in its selec- tion of new books for addition to the library. Its endeavour is to cater for all classes of readers, consistent with a due regard for the limited funds at its disposal and the fact that nothing of an unwholesome character must find a place on the shelves of the library. The reading room is increasingly popular, the number of readers grow- ing steadily each year, and a continued effort has been made to extend and increase the usefulness of the library, and to develop the taste for good literature. The books in the lending and reference depart- ments, comprise a wide selection of the best literature of all classes, and recent books of interest are constantly being added. Residents within the district wishing to borrow books have only to obtain a borrower's ticket entitling them to take books home. The Com- mittee has placed as few restrictions as possible in the way of obtaining this, and it is only necessary that a guarantee form properly filled up with the signature of a ratepayer of the district, be left at the library. These forms may be had gratis fiom the Librarian. There are also a large collection of juvenile books containing many of the best modern books for boys and girls from twelve years of age upwards. A suggestion book is kept in the lending department, in which readers may enter parti- culars of any book they may deem desirable to be placed in the Library. These proposals are submitted to the Committee at each meeting. The Librarian is always ready to give readers any reasonable help in searching for books on particular or special subjects. The reference library is not quite a repository for dictionaries, directories, almanacks, &c., which it is sometimes thought a reference library is, but it has also a collection of valuable works in different branches of literature, which, on account of their size or value, cannot be issued for home reading, and must be consulted on the premises only. In the magazine room a good selection of magazine and periedical literature is provided regularly, and in the news room is a varied selection of the leading newspapers, as weil as some trade and technical journals.
St Asaph Board of Guardians. Mr. Edwin Morgan presided over the fort- nightly meeting of the above Board. The fol- lowing were also present: Mrs. De Ranee, Miss Owen Jones, Mrs. Howell Gee, Canon C. F. Ro- berts, Messrs. S. Perks, W. S. Roberts, J. R. Ellis, William Jones, William Williams, John Roberts, Isaac Batho, Hugh Edwards, T. Pen- nant Williams, R. E. Griffiths, J. Ellis Jjjpes, Robert Davies, Thomas Evans, John Morris, John Pierce, David Roberts, Hugh Williams, Robert Jones (Denbigh), Maurice Jones, Thos. Hughes with the Clerk (Mr. Charles Grimsley), the Master (Mr. Robt. Jones), and other officials. THE UNEMPLOYED. The Master stated that he was now in need of a fresh supply of stone, for the men passing through the casual wards to break. He asked for authority to order 100 tons of Corwen granite. Mr. William Jones said he was an advocate of the Board doing all their trading in the Union as far as possible, and he failed to see the reason why they should go to Corwen for stone, when there was so much complaint about local quarries having nothing to do. Canon Roberts You are a champion of Tariff Reform. (Hear, hear, and laughter.) A question arose as to the suitability of local stone for highway purposes, and the Chairman stated that the difficulty in the past had been that the County Council, who were their chief customers, would not take the stone they had from Henllan. It was of no use to break stone which they could not dispose of. The Clerk said he was of opinion that before long they would be able to get local stone which would satisfy the County Councils. Mr. Perks proposed that twenty tons of Cor- wen granite be ordered to go on with, and this was agreed to. YULETIDE CHEER. The Master stated that the inmates had re- quested him to convey their sincere and heart- felt thanks to the Board for the plentiful supply of roast beef, plum pudding, oranges, mineral waters, sweets, tobacco, &c., supplied to them on Christmas Day. Bright services were held in the chapel morning and afternoon, and a con- cert in the evening. If the many expressions of thanks with the ring of enthusiasm which pre- vailed in every department of the House through- out the day be any criterion to go by, one could not do other than conclude that both young and old must have had a most enjoyable and happy Christmas. He also acknowledged gifts of money, parcels of tea and sugar, mineral waters, oranges, sweets, Christmas cards, toys, &c., from Mrs. A. B. De Ranee, £ 1 Mr. Wood- ward, Mount House, Bryniau, Meliden, ii Is. Mr. J. B. Luxmoore, 15s. a friend, 10s. Mrs. Captain Arthur Heaton, St. Asaph, Daily Graphic" throughout 1909 parcels of tea and sugar from Mrs. Fosberry, Bryn Elwy, for the aged sick and infirm women in the infirmary also a similar parcel for the women employed in the sewing room, from Mrs. Stock, Angorfa, St. Asaph Christmas cards, from Mrs. Walthall, The Cottage oranges and sweets, from Mr. Wal- ter Roberts, Guardian for Bodfari also from Mr. W. Caradoc Roberts, St. Asaph scrap books, toys, &c., for the children, per Miss My- fanwy Owen Jones, from Mrs. Tayleur, Mrs. Lloyd, Mr. Adams. Master Arthur Lloyd, Master Scott Thomas, and the Misses Lewis, Rhyl; football for the boys, from Master Llewelyn Hughes, Pensam the use of the field for ath- letic and other exercises, from Mrs. Luxmoore; cases of mineral waters, from Messrs. Wood & Bestall, Rhyl, and Mr. Roberts, Plough Hotel, St. Asaph. The Master also acknowledged about 150 New Year cards for distribution amongst the inmates from Mr. |Hugh Williams, Guardian for Denbigh. The number of inmates in the House on the last day of last week was 157, as compared with 169 in the corresponding period of last year. The second week there were 160 inmates in the House, as compared with 167. The number of vagrants relieved during the fortnight was 175, as compared with 139 in the corresponding period of last year.
I False Pretences at Conway and Llandudno. At a special Police Court at Conway yester. day (Wednesday) before Dr. R. Arthur Prichard (presiding), and Mr. Owen Rowland, a man named Charles Richardson, said to be a native of Newcastle on-Tyne, was charged on remand with obtaining food and lodging of the value of 8s. from Mrs. Alcock, Aelybryn, Gyffin, by false pretences, and he was further charged with ob- taining the sum of 10s. from W. J. Alcock, and goods of the value of £2 I Is. 3d. from Messrs. Bennett and Lowe, saddlers, Llandudno, also by false pretences. Mr. James Marks, Llandudno, appeared to prosecute, and briefly outlined the charges. Mrs. Alcock said the prisoner called with her on the 30th December, and asked for lodging, at the same time stating he was a coachman out of employment; but that he had got work as a labourer at the new Isolation Hospital. She took him in at 14s. per week, and he stayed from Thursday until the Monday, when, he left stating that he was going to Chester on business, but he did not return, and she had not seen him until that day. David Jones, contractor of the new Isolation Hospital at Groesynyd, said he had never seen the accused before that day. H had never applied to him for work, and no one could be engaged without his consent. Wm. John Alcock, Aelybryn, Gyffin, said that when he went home on the 30th December, he 1 1 found the accused at his house, and he said that he was a coachman out of employment, but that he had got work as a labourer at the New Hospital. Witness told accused that he believed they wanted a coachman at the Harp Hotel, Conway, and the accused said he would go after the job. He went out, and on his return, he said that the landlord of the Harp did not want a man, but recommended him to go to Mr. Bush- nell, Veterinary Surgeon, who wanted a coach- man for two ladies, who had taken a house at Conway. He added that he had seen Mr. Bush- nell, who told him that he was just the man he wanted if his references were alright, and that he had given Mr. Bushnell the address to write for the reference. On Friday, the 31st Dec., accused told witness that he had been employed by the lady. who was going to stay at the Oak wood Park Hotel, until the house, Bryn Derwen, was ready for her, and that he was to receive 25s. per week and his clothes, and that he was to start work on the Monday following. About 9.30 a.m. on Monday, he came to the warehouse on the Quay where witness was working, and told him that he had to go Colwvn Bay to get a set of harness as he had started alright at Oak- woodi Park Stables, and that he would not be able to go for his dinner at 12 o'clock. About 3 p.m. on the same day he again came to the Quay, and then he said that he had to go just beyond Chester to fetch the horses. He said he asked Mrs. ALcock for the loan of a few shil- lings, but she had not got it, and advised him to ask witness, and he said that if he could have half a sovereign, he could manage, because he had two miles to go beyond Chester. Witness told defendant that h? had not got the money, but would try and get it. Prisoner then left the shed and returned and got ios., believing his statements that he was engaged as a coachman for the lady, and that he had to go to Chester and back to fetch the horses and carriage. Prisoner promised to pay the money back the following day, but witness had not seen him again until that day. Prisoner had no questions to ask. Mr. W. J. Bushnell, Veterinary Surgeon, said he did not know the accused. He had not en- gaged him as a coachman for any lady. THE LLANDUDNO CASE. James Wm. Benn:tt, of the firm of Bennett nd I.owe, saddlers, Upper Mostyn street, Llan- dudno, remembered the accused entering their shop 011 the evening of the 3rd January. He made the following statement to witness f am coachman for Mrs. Ainsley of Stafford, and I have taken stables at the top yard for Mrs. Ainsley, and I have two horses and carriages coming. The groom is bringing the horses and carriages on Wednesday afternoon. I want a few articles for stable purposes." Amongst them were the pair of driving gloves produced valued at 6s. 6d. He continued his state- ment, When Mrs. Ainsley comes on the Wednesday, I will give her the bill, and she .will give me the money. I shall be here for two months, and no doubt there will be other little things requiring.' It was in the belief that his story was true that he allowed the goods to go. It was not uncommon for people staying in one of the larp>» hotels tn cpnH thpir m/»n fnr nrv-wle -0- -&- "1. 5"T'-J"L.J to witness. It often occurred. Sergeant Evans, Conway, said he received the accused into custody on Saturday, 8th January, from Superintendant Beresford, Colwyn Bay. The warrant was read to the prisoner, and two charges were made against him. He was charged with the Llandudno offence that morn- ing, and cautioned, and in reply at Colwyn Bay, 1 he said, The least said in these circumstances the better. If you go on doing these things you are bound to get caught sometimes." That morning he said I am guilty, but I onlv took the gloves away. I did not take the others." This was all the evidence, and the Magistrates' Clerk charged the prisoner with the three offences. Prisoner: I should like to say this: I think I can get the money to pay Mr. and Mrs. Alcock if that will make any difference. I feel I have done them a wrong, and would like to be allowed to get the money to pay them. I The Magistrates' Clerk: The Magistrates can say nothing about that. The question is whether you obtained the board and lodging and money by false pretences. Prisoner: Oh, yes. I The Magistrates Clerk What about the charge of getting the goods from LLandudno. Prisoner I plead guilty to the three charges. The Magistrates then committed the prisoner to take his trial at the Carnarvon Assizes on the 21s inst.
Llanrwst Petty Sessions. These sessions were held on Mondav before Messrs. O. Isgoed Jones and L. O. R. Ashlev. EJECTMENT ORDER. Mr. Francis Parry, fruiterer, Station road, applied for an ejectment order against Thos. Fletcher Hughes, also of Station road, for the possession of a stable situated at 25, Station road, and of which Hughes had been tenant. The plaintiff and Mr. Hugh Jones gave evidence of having served the proper notice to quit which expired on the 4th December. The order as applied for was granted, possession to be given in 24 days. ANNUAL LICENSING MEETING. February 14th was decided upon for holding the annual licensing meeting. ° A PEACEABLE AND SOBER DISTRICT. The Chairman said there were no other cases, which showed the peaceable condition of the town as well as the sobriety of the district, a condition of things that reflected the greatest credit upon the inhabitants and the police, and he hoped it might long continue.
*Y. USE ONLY A E 'Cobra' ^(obriT] [ Polishes ^8l H. i I ► FOR EVERYTHING Igi 4 L Boots, Shoes, J Furniture, Floors r all Metal < ^Utensils, etc. m
I Ar Fin y Frwydr. I GA Y PARCH. EVAN JONES, CAERNARFON. (Arbennig i'r "Weekly News.") Rhagarwyddion brwydr fawr bob amser ydyw pryder ac anesmwythyd. Nid oes hamdden na thuedd i son na meddwl am ddim arall. Felly thuedd i son na meddwl am ddim arall. Felly yn awr. Yr wythnos hon dechreuir y frwydr t. wleidyddol gynddeiriocaf er Diwygiad 1832. I Ddydd Llun dadgorfforir y Senedd, a danfonir allan y gwysiau i ethol senedd newydd. Rhaid i r gwysiau hyn gael pedwar diwrnod clir i redeg j cyn dydd yr etholiad. Gallant gvrraedd Llun- I dam nos Lun, ond gan nad oedd y Cyfrin Gyng- hor yn cyfarfod mewn pryd fel ag iddynt allu cyr- raedd cyn machlud haul y diwrnod hwnnw, yng ngolwg y gyfraith dydd Mawrth ydyw y diwrnod cyntaf i'w gyfrif i Lundain fel lleoedd eraill. Felly yr adeg gyntaf iddynt gyrraedd y neb sydd i'w derbyn ydyw bore Mawrth, a chymer yr eth- oliadau cyntaf le ddydd Sadwm y Isfed. Y diwr- nod hwnnw cymer bron So o etholiadau le—mwv na dwbl y nifer a gymerodd le y diwrnod cyntaf yn yr etholiad diweddaf. Ymysg y lleoedd a II bleidleisiant y diwrnod hwnnw "bydd Llundain, Manchester a Salford, Birmingham, ynghyd a lliaws o fannau yn swydd Caerefrog a Cliaerhir- fryn. Dydd Llun, y 1 jeg, cymer rhagor o ethol- iadau le, gan fod oddeutu go wedi eu trefnu yn barod, ac o leiaf 45 ddydd Mawrth. Fel hyn etholir y dTydedd ran o aelodau Ty y Cyffredin y tridiau cyntaf, yr hyn a rydd ddangoseg led y tridiau cyntaf, yr hyn a rydd ddangoseg led gywir pa fodd y bydd Y llanw yn rhedeg. Gyda dadgorfforiad y Senedd a danfoniad allan y gwysiau, yn ol hen gystwm sydd yn gwarafun i'r bendefigaeth gymeryd rhan yn eth- oliad aelod o Dy'r Cyffredin, bydd genau yr ar- glwyddi yn cau a'u lleisiau yn distewi er es- mwythid i'w pleidwyr a siomedigaeth i'r Blaid Ryddfrydig sydd wedi manteisio gymaint ar eu datganiadau. Dyma gyfle mawr yr ymgeiswyr a'u cefnogwyr, er hyny, i osod eu hachos ger bron y wlad. Nid yw y Ceidwadwyr yn rhagori mewn doniau. Iddynt hwy colled anadfejadwv ydyw afiechyd Mr. Chamberlain. Tuhwnt i bob cymhariaeth efe ydoedd y siaradwr mwyaf hyawdl a dylanwTadol yn y blaid. Efe ydoedd eu cerbyd a'u marchogion. I ddosbarth mwy tawel a meddylgar dichon yr apelia areithiau Mr. Balfour yn fwy effeithiol. Ond y mae yntau wedi bod yn wael, a thybir nad yw ei galon ef yn gyflawn yn yr ymdrech. 0 barch i Mr. Chamberlain. a chydymdeimlad ag ef vn ei lesg- edd nid yw y RhyddfrydWyr yn bwriadu gwrth- wynebu ei ddychweliad. Nid felly gyda Mr. Balfour. Dinas Llundain ydyw yr eisteddle ddiogelaf i Geidwadwr yn y byd. Anobeithioi hollül fydd unrhyw ymosodiad arni. Er hyny y mae Syr Hugh Bell, yr haiarnfeistr adnabyddus, wedi dadgan ei barodrwydd i wneuthur hyny, gyda rhywun arall, o bosibl, i wrthwynebu yr enwog Syr Frederick Banbury. Heblaw Mr BAl- four tIa wid ryfeddol o ddynion cyhoeddus ydyw y Blaid Geidwadol. Y rhai goreu ar ol hyny f:allai ydyw Mr. Lone, Mr. Austen Chamber- lain, Mr. Wyndham, Mr. Bonar Law, a Mr. F. E. Si-niith, a gwyddis pa fath drybini a dynnodd y diweddaf yn ei ben. I wneud i fyny am hyny y mae braidd hol'l newyddiaduron Llundain—y 'I Times," y Standard," y Daily Telegraph," y Morning Post," a thuhwnt iddynt oil y Daily Mail," un o'r papurau bychain mwyaf I bywiog a swynol a phoblogaidd yn y devrnas. o blaid y Ceidwadwryr. Dichon, er hyny, mai eu prif gynorthwyon yn yr etholiad hon ydyw y dar- luniau ar y parwydydd, ynghyd a'r llawleni bychain, y rhai a ddanfonant wrth v miliynau i I bob ty drey yr holl wlad. Y mae Ty yr Ar- glwyddi, y Dadgysylltiad, Llywodraeth gartrefol y W erddon a Diffyndolliaeth yn uno ac yn cyn- hyrfu v Blaid Geidwadol—3- Dafarn, 3- Llan a'r Bendefigaeth, i gyflawni gorchestion na chvf- lawnasant erioed o'r blaen. Nid oes fri ar arian yn eu mysg. a gwyddis yn dda beth ydyw gr\Tn galluoedd arian a chwrw yn y dwylaw hjm. Rhagora y BLaid Ryddfrydig tu hwnt i bob cymhariaeth yn ei siaradwyr. Y mae ganddi I-N-flawnder o honynt, a'r rhai hyny o'r radd flaenaf. Os nad yw y Prifweinidog yn hvawdl iawn, y mae ei areithiau bob amser yn glir, yn deg ac yn lLawn o fater, wedi ei drefnu yn y modd mwyaf deheuig. Yn yr etholiad hwn y *nae ef wedii talu S3"lw arbenig i 'Scotland. Gwyr pawb erbyn hyn am h}-awdledd, arabedd, a meistrolaeth Canghellydd y T^-sorlys. Y mae y gahv am dano v-n fawr i bob cwr o'r wlad. Y a meistrolaeth Canghellydd y Trysorlys. Y mae y gahv am dano yn fawr i bob cwr o'r wlad. Y mae ef wedi cymeryd gofal Llundain a Deheu- barth Lloegr, ac yn ysgubo pobpeth o'i flaen. Yn Lancashire, Yorkshire, a Gogledd Lloegr y mae Mr. Winston Churchill wedi bod 3m efen- gylu nes gyru pawb arall, hyd yn oed Ar- glwwdd'i Curzon a Milner, i'r niwl. A gyda hwy dyna Mr. Ure a Syr Edward Grey, a degau eraill. Ni fu erioed gydwfithrediad mor ber- ffaith rhwng y Blaid Rydcifn-dig, Plaid Llafur a'r Gwyddelod nag sydd yn awr, na llai o wrth- wynebu eu gilydd trwy 3rmgeisiadau tair- onglog. Gyda golwg ar gwestiynau mawr yr etholiad y mae amrywiaeth di-derfyn yn y Blaid Geid- wadol, yr hyn sydd yn un o brif elfennau ei gwendid. chydig a soniant am Dy yr Ar- glwyddi, er mai y sefydliad hwnw 37dyw prif fater yr etholiad. Beiant y Gyllideb yn ddidru- garedd. Ond bvchan ydyw eu svlw o honi vn eu hareithiau. Ceisia Mr. Chamberlain—3- tad a'r mab-dw pel Diffyndolliaeth ar y tô. Ond i ddim diben. Y mae'r son am drethu ymborth v dyn tlawd wedi ei handwyo. Bu diffyg gwaith yn degan am dro. Ond y mae masnach vn gwelLa, a diffyg gwaith 3-n prinhau, fel mae an- f\Tt3-ch yn awr y mae neb yn dwyn allan v march hwnw. Yn anibynnol ar ysbedu Mr Lloyd George, yn prif bwnc yn awr 3-dyw Amddiffyniad y Wlad. Mr. Blatohforclj yn y Daily Mail," gododu y pryf hwn. Credu mewn llongau, ac arfau, ac N-ml-add y mae ef. Fel y dvwedai Ar- d-abdd Sahsbun' am r3*wun—Mr. Chamberlain, fel y tybid—v niae ef am ymladd pawb a chy- meryd popeth." Dylem feddu digon o longau a bydd in nid yn unig i ymladd Germani ym Mor v Gogledd, and Austria, yr hon svdd yn adeiladu llongau ym Mor v Canoldir, ac'i amddiffvn cm holl Iwybrau mtasnachol ar dir a mor dros yr holl ddaear. Dvlem fenthvea hanner can miliwn o bunnau ar unwaith i osod ein t^ mewn trefn. Os na fyna Mr. Blatchford gredu yn Nuw y mae yn amlwg fod ganddo ymddiried llwyr a hollol mewn braich o gnawd. Ar rvfel yr aeth y Ceidwadwyr i swydd y ddau di-o di- weddaf, fel y mae yn naturiol iddynt feddwl vn uchel am ogoniant milwrol ac ymhe-rodraeth. Am y Blaid Ryddfrydig nid yw hi yn gwyro oddi wrth fannau ei ffydd-Diarfogiad Ty yr Ar- glwyddi, y Gyllideb, Blwydd-dal i Hen Bobl a Darpariaeth mewn Afiechyd a Diffyg Gwaith, Addysg, Dewisiad Lleol, Dadgysylltiad i Gymru. Mesur Tir i Scotland, a LU-wodraeth Gartrefoi i'r W erddon. Gydag areithwyr mor fedrus i egluro y pethau hyn,, ac ïw gosod ger bron cynulliad mawrion, sudda'r pethau hvn yn ddwfn i feddyliau y gwrandawyr, a dangosant yn cymeradwyaeth o "honynt.. Dyma'r pleidiau a dyma'r pynciau yn yr eth- oliad. Y cwestiwn yw, Pwy enilla'r dydd? Gan fod y frwydr wedi dechreu a'i therivniad, o angenrheidrwydd, heb fod ymhel1, difudd fvddai ceisio proffwydo. Fel Rhyddflydtwyr nid yw ond naturiol i ni ddymuno yn dda i'n plaid, ac yr wyf yn credu yn ddiysgog ein bod ar y ffordd i hvyddiant mawr yn yr etholiad. Carwn, ar bob cyfrif, i bob ochr gael chware teg. Ni wna rhwystro rhai i siarad, pa mor ddibwynt neu haerllug bynnag y bont, ddim lies. Gwna In-ny hwy yn haws eu hateb. Arfau y goleuni ddyLai yr arfau fod ar bob tu. Hvn sydd sicr os na enilla'r Rhyddfrydwyr yr etholiad hon bydd y canlyniadau yn alaethus. Collmn ein rhagor- freintiau fel etholwyr rhydd ac anibynol. Gan yr arglwyddi y bydd hawl i'n trethu ac i dorri'r fyny y Senedd pan y mynnont, ac i roddi y neb a fynnont mewn swydd. Try honni hawl i dorri y Senedd i fyny ac apelio at y wlad y maent yn. euog o gy;meryd rhagorfreintiau y Goron oddi arni 3-n ogystal a hawliau'r Cyffredin. Nis gall- wn orchymyn llwydkiiant. Ond dyleim wneud ein goreu. Swn hyder sydd yng ngwersyll y Rhyddfrydwvr drwy yr holl deyrnas y dyddiau hyn, a hyderwn na chant eu siomi. Os enillalr Rhyddfrydwyr y dydd credaf yn ddibetrus, pa beth bynll.a.g a wrliethant yn yr amser basiodd -ac y mae hyny yn llawer iawn-fod dyddiau gwell yn dod. EVAN JONES. Caernarfon. Ionawr 10, igio.
revenue was directly derived from the taxation of land. And so the process has gone on, and the middle and industrial classes have been com- pelled to bear the burdens which formerly were, and still ought to be, borne by the landlords and the aristocracy. Broadly speaking, all taxation must come out of the profits of landowning or of labour. The taxation that was thrown off by the landowners therefore came upon the workers as indirect taxation. That is one cause of un- employment. Next let us examine a few facts relating to the control of land in its relation to unemployment. During the past four hundred years there has been a constant stream of labourers driven off from the country into the towns by the greed of the landowners. During the last century we find fewer and fewer men working upon the land, and the landowners replacing the many labourers with a few bailiffs and gamekeepers. To what extent this has been the case throughout the century will never be known but, according to the Board of Agriculture's return, in the twenty years between 1881 and 1901 there left the country for the towns no less than 1,432 farmers and graziers and 294,627 labourers. During those years two million acres of arable land passed out of cultiva- tion, and 6,319 extra farm bailiffs, foremen, and shepherds were employed. It would therefore appear likely that during the last century more than one million country-born British folk re- luctantly forsook their native soil. And the flow of the rural people to the already congested towns goes on. Thus we get the unemployed. Descendants of free-born Britishers are cheated out of house and home to make room for sheep and deer, pheasants, and partridges. The land is not put to its full and proper use, hence the problem of unemploy ment in the towms and of helpless poverty in the villages.