Butter's Dearer! So its better to buy the Very Best British-made MAYPOLE Margarine AW at Aw a lb. Guaranteed to please or Money back yi-lb. given with each i.lb. ^-lb. given with each ^2-lb. DV MAYPOLE DAIRY Co., Ltd. The Largest Retailers of Choicest Quality Butter, Tea and Margarine. Over 600 Branches now open, including Branches at all the great Holiday Resorts. Manchester House, Station Rd., COLWYN BAY; 1, Russell Buildings, High Street, RHYL; 96, Mostyn Street, LLMBUDNG (TeK3ne) 62 Winter, 1909. Misses Thomas Vi Fancy Drapers & Milliners, V,1, 7, HIGH STREET, Ji; CONWAY. J/!j! 11/ OUR DEPARTMENTS ARE iV'' 11/ REPLETE IN V'i r LADIES' & CHILDREN'S !ii MILLINERY, V/ ij/i PALETOTS, FURS, SKIRTS, BLOUSES, &c. Agents for Pullar's Dye Works. Established 1884. THOMAS DAVIES Wheelwright and Coach Builder, Waggon, Van, Cart and Lurry Builder, ABERGELE ROAD, —— COLWYN BAY. Mangle Rollers of the best Maple Wood supplied and fitted at the lowest rates. Wheelbarrows for Contractors and Farmers. ESTIMATES FREE. TERMS MONTHLY. DON T WEAR OLD BOOTS. ( Many people make a serious mistake a when they sayAnything is good | enough to wear when gardening." J YOU WONDER r— r_ how you got that jj \| bad cold, forgetting I \J that you spent two A s ¥' + or three hours in the f garden wearing a I *'QT* pair of cast-offs" unfit for ordinary wear. Yet you spend J hours on the damp ground in them. GARDEN CLOGS are what you want. Try a pair and keep < your feet dry. They are specially adapted ) for garden work. A Branches in all the principal towns, or send Postal 5 Order and full particulars \0 the Head Office. ff CASH g CO., CHURCHGATE, LEICESTER. Manufacturers of the famous "Dr. Hackett Health Boot." H N.B.—These are warm felt-lined and are suitable ffl for Motormen, Laundry Work, Coachmen, etc., etc. w A high-leg 3-buckle CLOG at 4/11. Numerous M unsolicited testimonials, viz.- B "Verv pleased with clogs; shall recommend." S Clogs quite satisfactory." ■ Very pleased with clogs-please forward another Lpair." B Very pleased with clogs. I am sending for another H pair for a friend who took a fancy to mine." cf T. T. ROBERTS, PENMAENMAWR, Family Grocer & Provision Dealer. GENUINE HOME-MADE BREAD DAILY. Hocoe-cuied Hams, Bacon, and Wiltshire Smoked. Sole Agent for Lord Vernon Butter. Horner's Devonshire Cream, and Cream Cheeses. Sole Agent for W. & A. Gilbey s Wine and Spirits. Purity and Genuineness g-uaraateed on the labels. (Frice list of 32a varieties on Application to'the Agent). Ale and Porter Stores. In Firkins, Pins, and Bottles. Telephone No. 8. 5' I H yourself is quite simple if you use H IttfcJfiL BIFURCATED RIVETS. 1 Brt^rriiflPf No ne«d to punch holes. Simply drive H Rivets and bend back the ■ Hw^mf prongs. Neat and strong. Of fl| Hi CT&3H8BBM8BPall Ironmongers, or send Is. H IV ™ for box assorted to Bifurcated H If il$ji»sSs9i9lBI and Tubular Rivet Co., Ltd., H H S3sXJpper Thames St.London. H H Pri. List on application* H
I Llanrwst Urban District Council. I PIG MARKET DISPUTE CONTINUES. I A MAGICAL FIRE EXTINGUISHER. Mr. H. J. W. Wat ling, J.P., presided on Fri- day evening at a special meeting of the Llan- rwst Council. The! attendance included Messrs. T. Rogers Jones (vice-chairmaa), W. Hughes, J.P., W. J. Williams, J.P., E. Mills, J.P., D. J. Williams, A. Hughes, J. Williams, and D. Huw Williams together with Messrs. T. Lati- mer Jones (Clerk), G. Wynne (Surveyor), E. M. Jones (Rate Collector), and T. R. Jones (Cap- tain of Fire Brigade). THE PIG SALES AGAIN. Dr. Huw Williams, in accordance with his notice of motion, moved that the following re- solutions he rescinded: — (a) The resolution passed at the meeting of the Council held on the rst June last as fol- lows That the Council do not further enter- tain the question of purchasing a site for the purpose of a pig market, but proceed to have some portion of a street paved for such a pur- pose and (b) The resolution passed at the meeting of the Council held on the ioth September last adopting Statiom-road as the site for the weekly sales of pigs. Dr. Williams contended that in face of the correspondence with the Board of Trade it was necessary to rescind the resolution not to tcur- chase a site, as they would have to do sooner or later. He did not suggest the purchase of a site at present, but to rescind the adverse re- solution in order to' clear the way wthen it was required. He wished the Council to be free from self-imposed restrictions. Mr. W. J. Williams: Was the section (b) of the motion included in the original notice of motion ? The Chairman Yes, as we have already ad- opted that site. Mr. W. J. Williams: But Mr. Rogers Jones has a notice of motion to utilise that very site on the agenda. Dr. Huw Williams: That motion is to spend ,£102 iios. \in paving (the site with Yorkshire cubes. I protest against such a waste of the ratepayers' money on a site likely to be con- demned in the near future. Mr. E. Mills It is quite time we settled this question finally. The Chairman: We have already done so. Mr. Mills: Why are these motions placed be- fore us, then? Mr. John Williams: The preparation of the Station-road site will not debar us from pur- chasing a site at any future period. Mr. A. Hughes But the expenditure of /102 on a temporary site is out of all reason, and cannot be contemplated for a moment. The Chairman If the motions are adopted they will not do away with the present site, as the Council will still retain the right to adopt that site or any other. Mr. W. J. Williams: In the absence of Mr. Rogers Jones I wiii move the resolution on the agenda iim his name. The Chairman 'There is nothing Ito prevent you after these motions are settled. Mr. D. J. Williams If the motions are ad- opted, Mr. Rogers Jones' motion can be put to the meeting. Mr. A. Hughes seconded the motion moved by Dr. Huw Williams. All those present voted in favour of the mo- tion, with the exception of Messrs. E. Mills and J. Williams. Mr. W. J. Williams moved that Station-road be tar-paved as suggested by the Surveyor, but that in case the inspector was dissatisfied, to pave the road with Yorkshire cubes, as recom- mended by the Surveyor. The Council had ad. opted several resolutions and then rescinded them until they were the laughing stock of the whole country. They would probably be faced in the future with an order to clear both cattle and pig sales off the streets, and ,that would be the time to arrange for a site to- accommodate both, and not to have them in two sections. Their course was clear, to tar-pave the Station- road site, but if the Board of Trade insisted on another course being adopted, to make the job a permanent one. Mr. D. J. Williams: Mr. Williams's motion is not in accordance with that suggested by Mr. Rogers Jones, which as to proceed with the paving of the site with Yorkshire cubes at once. Mr. W. J. Williams: We mrust tar-pave the site in the first instance in order to' have it pre- -pared by January ist, when the order expires. The permanent work can be done at a more convenient time of the year. The Chairman The Surveyor can lay on the cubes and leave a space for the carts on marxet day at one end, so as not to disturb the sale. MI. W. J. Williams The Surveyor is ready to tar-pave the road at any moment the weather is propitous. Mr. A. Hughes: Mr. Williams's motion is out of order in the absence of Mr. Rogers Jones. The Chairman: In case Mr. Rogers Jones does not attend his motion must be dropped. Dr. Huw Williams: Why discuss his motion at all. If the site is tar-paved it will be time enough -to think of paving it with cubes when we are called upon to do so by the Board of Trade. Mr. W. J. Williams: It will prove to the Board of Trade that we are dealing with the matter seriously and that we have no intention to, shirk our duties. Dr. Huw Williams: I object to the laying of the cubes, as the work would mean a consider- able outlay of the ratepayers' money. The Chairman: The motion moved by Mr. W. J. Williams is to tar-pave the site whereas Mr. Rogers Jones's motion is to proceed aT once to lay the cubes. Mr. E. Mills I will second Mr. W. J. Wil- liams's motion. Mr. W. Hughes Is it in order? The motion advanced by Mr. W. J. Williams is an amend- ment on Mr. Rogers Jones's. Can a notice of motion be amended without notice? Dr. Huw Williams All previous resolutions are rescinded; the Council can now move any resolution they like. Mr. W. J. Williams: I will give notice of motion to that effect for the next meeting. Pro- bably by then the Surveyor will have tar-paved the site. Mr. J. Williams But after the adoption of the motion (b) the Surveyor cannot tar-pave the site without the Council passing a new re- solution to that effect. Mr. Wynne (surveyor) I cannot go on un- less we have dry weather to lay it. The Chairman (it was raining hard at the time) The noise on the roof at the present moment gives small (hope of that. (Laughter.) Mr. W. Hughes The resolution to tar-pave Station-road is not rescinded. He can tar-pave the present site, and We can adopt any other again if necessary. Mr. D. J. Williams Practically we have no site at present. Mr. Rogers Jones at this juncture arrived. The Chairman Now we can go back to Mr. Rogers Jones's motion. We are at present ex- actly where we stood twelive months ago. Mr. Rogers Jones: I understood (thjat ;Mr. Wynne was to tar-pave the site at once. We have had dry weather recently, yet the work has not been done. It seems that we are drift- ing ,into. difficulties. It is better not to go con- trary to the wishes of the Board of Trade, or else we will be compelled before we are ripe for it to provide a Smithfield or cattle market. My suggestion is to conform with the require- ments of the Board of Trade and nave the street according to the estimate submitted by Mr. Wynne. The opportunity to tar-pave the streets has been lost. (The Surveyor No.) We are now in the middle of wet weather. I formally move That the Council pave that part of Station-road now used as a pig market with Yorkshire cubes to a width of five feet, and at an estimated cost of £ 102 ios., as recommended by the Surveyor in his report of Hhe 12th inst. Mr. A. Hughes: It is a heavy expenditure, and quite a third of what we would be called upon to pay for a site off the streets. Dr. Hugh Williams I move an amendment that the site be tar-paved. Mr. A. Hughes seconded. The Surveyor (in reply to Mr. Rogers Jones) We have not experienced dry weather, only frosty weather; the roads have not been dry. Mr. Rogers Jones: We must order proper weather, it seems. We have had a fortnight of dry weather, whether frosty or not. The Surveyor The road would not take in the tar during frosty weather. Mr. W. Hughes: I understand! that the tar- paving of the road before January ist will sat- isfy the inspector. The Chairman Personally I am against any heavy expenditure upon Station-road. In reply to Mr. W. J. Williams it was said a property was likely to be put on the market which would answer the purpose of a pig market site. Mr. Mills: But the cost might run up to i r,. oc)o. The Chairman If you are prepared to offer that sum for it, I am quite prepared to accept it. (Laughter.) The amendment was carried by a large majority. On the motion of Mr. W. J. Williams, seconded by Mr. D. J. Williams, it was de- cided that the Clerk should write to the Board of Trade intimating that the Council had the lay- ing down of the site in view, and that it would be prepared immediately the weather was pro- pituous. Mr. Mills The clock is striking eight now, so one hour has gone to the pigs. (Laughter.) THE NEW INN FIRE. Captain T. R. Jones reported an outbreak of fire at the New Inn on Tuesday last caused by the upsetting of a paraffin lamp. As the spirits were ignited water was useless, so he used a climax extinguisher, which put out the flames instantaneously. Subsequently he got it refitted in Manchester. Mr A. Hughes The Captain of the Fire Bri- gade is to be highly congratulated on his pres- ence of mind. Water would have proved use- less when the spirits caught fire. The Chairman It is most satisfactory that the climax extinguisher proved so useful. Mr. A. Hughes: It's effect was absolutely magical. We ought to secure some more of them. Mr. W. J. Williams The fire had secured a good hold, with the result that the building was in great danger. The effect of the exinguisher was simply marvellous. Mr. D. J. Williams: There ought to be one at the fire station. Mr. A. Hughes: I give notice that I will move at the next meeting that we purchase at least one more, to be placed at the disposal of the Fire Brigade. POPLAR GROVE DRAINAGE. The Chairman stated that the easement in connection with the proposed drainage scheme from Poplar Grove to Scowlyn was practically settled. It was estimated that the cost of the sewer would be [198, the easement /30 and the legal and surveyor's expenses [15, or a total of £ 2314 15s. od. It would be necessary to ap- ply to the Local Government Board for powers to apply for a loan to. cover the amount. As the sum was not large and the case irregular in order to secure work for the unemployed it was probable that the Board would grant the ap- plication without the formality of an enquiry. In reply to Mr. Rogers Jones, the Clerk stated that he had written to the railway authorities relative to the intention of the Council to make a sewer under their property consisting of their road by Station House, but he had not received a definite reply, as the official in charge of the department desired to investigate whether the Company had any interest in the occupation road. He had also served Mr. Cadwaladr Ro- berts with notice of their intntion to turn the sewer under the occupation road where he had an interest. In reply to Mr. J. Williams, the Surveyor stated that the sewesr would not be run under the railway lines. Mr. A. Hughes remarked that the district in question had been neglected far too long. He moved that the Council should apply to the Local Government Board for sanction for a loan. Mr. D. J. Williams seconded. The Clerk I do not know exactly how much will be required until the Railway Company have replied. The occupier of the land requires £3 1 os. for trespass. The Surveyor It is very probable the loan will be sanctioned without an, inquiry. The Railway Company will onily demand a nominal sum. If we borrow about £260 the whole ex- pense will be amply covered. Mr. Mills proposed that the Council apply to the Local Government Board for sanction to a loan for £ 260. Mr. D. J. Williams seconded1, and the motion was carried. RIVERSIDE IMPROVEMENTS. The Clerk read letters from the Clerks to the Geirionydld Rural, District Council and the Llanrhychwyn Parislh Council consenting to the Urban Council carrying out the suggested im- provements on the riverside from the old bridge to the end of the cricket field, provided they were not called upon tOo contribute anything to- wards the cost; the urban authority to keep the path in repair and provide an access to the riverside and not infringe upon that custom. Mr. W, J. Williams We must next apply to Earl Carrington for a lease. The Clerk I have seen the agent, and he suggests that we should decide upon a scheme to be submitted to his lordship. The Surveyor I suggest that you should ap- ply for a lease of the whole river from the old bridge up to the gate at the end of the cricket field. Mr. W. J. Williams I think that the Clerk should also write to the Golf Club asking them to hand their rights over the path to us. Mr. J. Williams I do not see what the club has to do with it. It is a matter for the Coun- cil and the estate agent. The Clerk You need not anticipate any diffi- culty with the Golf Club. Mr. W. J. Williams: Before we decide upon any scheme I think we ought to meet the Sur- veyor on the spot and get him to explain his schemes to us there. Mr. W. Hughes seconded. Mr. Mills Several people are under the im- pression that we had better leave the path as it is. There is no syrrapaithy with the scheme, which will not draw any visitors to the locality. Mr. D. J. Williams The path as it is at pre- sent is not fit to walk upon. Mr. A. Hughes: The improvement of the path will not detract in the least from the beauty of its surroundings. The Chairman: I suggest that the Surveyor should prepare a far less expensive scheme than the one he has submitted say, -that a sum of £Så be spent in cementing it. The Surveyor When we meet on the spot I can explain to you the difficulty of making up the path at a small outlay. Mr. A. F[ugbies: When. last time the Commit- tee met on the spot they suggested the expendi- ture of £ yo on the path. The Chairman The artists have been scared, thinking, we are going to make an, esplanade on the river side. The resolution to meet by the riverside on the following day was adopted. RAILWAY STATION ROAD ENTRANCE. On the motion of Mr. E. Mills, seconded by Mr. W. Hughes, the Surveyor was instructed to apply to local blacksmiths for tenders for iron rails to replace the broken ones near the plot by the station entrance.
Christianity and our Civic Responsibilities. I Sermon delivered by the Rev. J. Luther Thomas, Mayor's chaplain, at Sion Chapel, Con- way, on Mayor's day. I These words spake Jesus in the treasury."— John viii. 20. The words referred to are included in verses 12 to 20, wherein He teaches that He is the light of the world. "I am the light of the world, he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life." To attest this stupendous claim He appeals to the witness of the Father and of Himself. But the point of interest for us to-day is that He spoke these words in the treasury. It may sound i strange to associate Christ with the treasury. His name is not usually included on, the rolls of the counting house. And to some hyper sensi- tive minds the thought of introducing Him to the exchange and the mart spells, sacrilege. A barrier well nigh insurmountable has been raised between the Church and the market, and on some occasions we have seen brolcen glass stuck on the top. Our danger has, been to look Jesus Christ in the Church, and relegate the duties of worldly activities to Dives and his four brethren. In the long past theologians looked askance at the four fat brothers, and unanimously ruled out their names from the calendar of the saints. This division was un- just, for there may be saints of the market as well as of the Church the hearth as well as the cloisters. There is nothing to, prevent you gentlemen of the Council from being "the saints of Cassar's household." This estrangement between the Church and the State ought not to have taken place. It is an usurpation of the right of Christ, for He once delivered a sermon in the treasury. He addressed Himself to the publicans, and it would be better for the publicans and the public were He allowed to preach to them oftener. It was a calamity when men disputed His right tü speak in the counting house. It is to the moral danger of the men wilio collect and distribute the money of the community when they stifle His voice. It is a deadly loss when He loses the majority at the deliberations of municipalitieis. Some enthusiastic theologian,s who believed in a material second advent of the Lord had a practice of casting nervous glances at the sky, and keeping a vacant chair at the hearth test He slhould come to an unprepared place. These good people were mistaken in their New Testa- ment exegesis, but the spirit that guided them, I think, was the truest orthodoxy. There ought to be prepared places, and still more prepared hearts. There is no home, no place of business, no office in tlhis town, and no> chamber where the Coiujniil meets where the presence of Christ ought not to be recognised and revered. The elected representatives of the borough meet here to-day to recognise the principle that through your municipal administrations you can further the moral and divine order, and we pray that yoru be amply blessed. May the hie-hest motives rule you counsels. May you, tihe Mayor, and all who serve us in the Council of this ancient borough, be guided by the spirit of truth during your year of office. These words spake Jesus in the treasury." The treasury alluded to was that portion of the Temple situated between the court of the women and that of the men. In. the porch be- tween were placed thirteen brazen trumpet- shaped collection boxes. The purposes to which the money went were written on seven of these brass trumpets. The monies placed in the re- maining were devoted to general purposes. We have heard a great deal of brass band collec- tions in the Temple the collection was put into the brass band! Some avaracious instru- mentalists that I know would no doubt welcome that policy again. It was into these trumpet- shaped chests that the wealthy Pharisees dropped their offerings, and they so managed the -i -is act that the tinkling of their gold coins re- sounded to the furthest worshipper in the con- gregation. It was thence the fragile, ill-clad widow tottered, and with trembling hands dropped her two mites. It may be that the simple offering was not shown on the report of the Temple Ways and Means Committee; but the echo of that farthing reached heaven, and the lesson of her sacrificial gift has been en- shrined in words that will never die. It is not the amount of the gift but the moral quality of the giver that counts with- Christ. Common acts done in the name of the Master flash into worship. I intend giving to this word treasury a wider meaning than the one found in this local application. This was the Tem- ple's treasury. There is also the munici- pal treasury, the city purse, and the na- tional exchequer. All these treasuries ought to be so governed that He is allowed to, speak in them. All political questions are at the root religious questions. Economy, temperance, ar- bitration, the. abolition of class wai, the social problem—these are all religious questions. They ought to find an honourable place on the agenda of the Temple. I do not claim that they are questions to be discussed in ecclesiastical councils as such, but the Church ought to see to it that all these questions, and especially the men who legislate upon them, are ruled by re- ligious sympathies. On all hands you see a social awakening. There are clamourings, and sometimes threats, for an industrial reorganisa- tion From almost all sections of society the cry goes up now for avenge, then for redemp- tion.. I maintain that the lasting solution to all these problems is the religious one. The way to the social amelioration of the community to the elevation of the sons of toil, to the emancipa- tion of thought and faith, is by the Cross. They will all come by crowning Jesus Lord of the treasury. These words spake Jesus in the treasury." Speak again, Lord, for Thy serv- ants hear." Allow me to dwell briefly on three lessons suggested by the text. 1. Jesus Christ in the treasury suggests that He ought to be a redeeming presence in all pursuits of life. This doctrine has been neglected by us all, if not in our creeds, in our practice. We have emphasised) that the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath. Let us not forget that He is the Lord also of the other six days. It'was urged by one that we have locked God in the Church, or we have crushed Him into the Bible like a faded rose leaf. When the Son of God became flesh, He revealed the sacrediness of human life, its sacredness not merely in its direct relations to God, but also in its relations to man. In all pursuits men are called upon to do the will of God. We are to enter all our social duties as children of God. There was an idea rife that for Christian people to' engage in politics was degrading. They held aloof from the warfare of parties. Such an idea was not only unscriptural, but unworthy. There are people who still be- ieve that political activity is inconsistent with saintliness. The early Church looked upon State organisation with distrust, and occasion- ally displayed antagonism, towards it. It was not easy for these people to believe that the powers that be are ordained of God, for idola- tory met the Christian man in all the pufoFc places. Heathen gods received the homage of the State. The Roman Emperor was the high priest of paganism, and they, the Christ- ians, professed another King named Jesus. Whereupon Peter urges them tp" be sub- ject to every ordinance of man; for the (Lord's sake." Paul also' develops this conception of the secular organisation of society. The Church is not the only in- stitution that has the Divine sancion the State also is Divine. Political rulers are called" th e ministers of God's service. Thus the man who holds municipal office is a minister of God. The call to the poftS6' i^rce. to be a town councillor, a magistrate^ a^riia/voi;, or a member of Parlia- ment is jusi_as;vinethe. Call,to be a mis- sionary tSj fee '^rdhibshop of a kingdom, or "tlie' '^a" Congregational church. And in either c^Se'it is to a ftian's" peril I that he is disobedient to the heavenly vision. We shall never approach the Christian ideal of civil society," said Dr. Dale, until all who I hold municipal, judicial, and political offices recognise the social and political order of the nation as a divine institution and discharge their official duties as ministers of God." Christ Himself promulgated no theory of government, nor did lie form any programme of social re. form. To do so would be to invite failure, for what would meet the needs of Judea would hardly meet the case of London, and what would satisfy the simple needs of the first century would not solve the complex problems of the twentieth. But He enunciated laws and created ideals which are the unerring guide of men in all pursuits and in all times. It is not what the Master said, is our only guide, but what He was. Christianity is not a book religion. It is the revelation of a Person. Christ not onlv had a word about God. -1-Ie was the word. People who obey His spirit, have an infallible guide in every moral crisis. The spirit of Christianity is to permeate life in its completeness. The sooner the dividiing line between sacred and se- cular is obliterated, the better. The sacred ought to appropriate everything. Sanctity is, I believe, destined to pervade all activities. God's Kingdom is tc), be established on earth. Men have mistaken the spirituality of this noble or- der. Augustine, in his Civitas Dei," sought to establish a theocracy in his time. Savonarola legislated from his pulpit for the city of Fllo- reince, but has short rule came to. grief. John Calvin preached from Geneva that the saints shall rule the world. They construed the King- dom as a material one, but it is not. It is a spiritual order. It is a reign in character. It is the crucified Lord coming to his own in the life of a redeemed humanity. John Milton's idea of the state was one mighty growth or stature of an honest man." Men have not been made on the plan of water-tight compartments. It is impossible to secularise one section of the life, and keep another section' sacred. Life is a unity, not a dualism. If religion be a vital fac- tor in humanity, it cannot be excluded from the sphere of politics and government. Christianity issues laws to every part of our social life and the man is not Christian who keeps some por- tion of his life independent of religious control. e m' He commits the error of the old Tartar chief, who, when baptised by a missionary, kept his right arm and sword out of the water, that with them, he might still settle some old scores, against his enemies, and wreak on others his revenge. Life is one. All pursuits, of honest, are divine. Christ ought to be invited to every treasury. Examine your time-table, and see if you have providedi for Him Are all our pleasures justified, by Him? And is He acknowledged by our manner of life? No occu- pation, if honest, is mean and no place ought to be unconsecrated. George Herbert expressed this finely: Who sweeps a room, as for thy laws make that, and the action fine." Let us crown this Christ the Lord of our whole life. RIGHTEOUSNESS ABOVE REVENUE. 2. Jesus Christ in the treasury points out that righteousness is above revenue. These two issues are occasionally brought into an antagonistic contrast in our national affairs, and the issues become often confused. A com- munity can set up revenue in place of righteous- ness. We could appeal to history to prove our contention, but that is unnecessary, for that state of affairs exists still. The revenue of a nation cajn be soiled, tarnished, land baptised with blood. The superscription may be that of Ccesar's, but the name may be so besmirched with uniholiness that you can hardly descipher it. We all exult, and that patriotically, in our wealthy national revenues. They are a tremen- dous responsibility, and they are not safe if not attended by righteousness. The treasury may be financially sound, but moral corruption may seize the treasurers, and be the cause of de- terioration. Money has no. intrinsic moral value. It assumes a moral worth by its uses. The love of money is the root of all evil. More forms of sin. follow in its train than almost any- thing. It can, on the other hand, be made the expression of an equal numlber of virtues. An eminent theologian wrote a chapter in one of his books entitled the The Theology of Money." It may sound strange to suggest that money has a theology. But it has, and every man's money ought to pass that theological eX- amination. Every man's earnings ought to be able to subscribe to. the apostles' creed. Mr. Gladstone emphasised forcibly that the gravest evil of every nation is the worship of mammon. that, in point of fact, you can trace this ter- rible possibility running like a dark and sinister thread all through the history of mankind. Righteousness exalteth a nation, but sin is a reproach to any people." The ex-President of the United States, in speaking to his fellow- countrymen on one occasion, used words to this effect: In speaking of your material prosper- ity, do not think that I forget for one moment that it rests upon the intellectual and moral fibre of the men and women back of it. Back of the material and greater than the material, lie the moral and the spiritual." These were noble and timely words—" Back of the material and greater than the material lie the moral and the spiritual." The greatness of every nation is in its moral power and its spiritual life, and the nations that are destined to last are, the na- tions that obey the Jesus that sneaks in their treasuries. 'Let the passion for righteousness guide you in your deliberations, for we and you are here to. build the city of God. That city can only be built with clean hands and pure hearts. Science cannot build it, capital cannot build it. It can only be raised by re- deemed men, by hearts purged from sin. Ten righteous men might have averted the destruc- tion of the cities of the plain. It is the right- eous men that save every city. Enlightenment, revenue, high social status, ihalls of music and art, we want them all but the fundamerntal salvation of the city comes by the Cross. When moral interests and financial interests clash, the moral ought to prevail. The rates are raised, so that the manhood of the nation may be sus- tained and improved. The finest; production od any country is honour-loving men. What do vou raise here? asked a traveller in New Eng- land, from this sand and these rocks? "and the answer was, We raise men." Our, borough could also answer likewise. You can point to, a, commendable number of noblemert who have been raised here, and our hope of raising them again is by keemnsr our ideals pure. "It is men we w^umt,: said an eminent economist, not great associations of consumers of food." It is men we want, and the men are produced by Christ. We can all add to the moral resources,, of the town by being good people, and you as a body can assist in this divin.e work, You can lend your aid to io&ep the Sabbath dav holv.You can co-operate to elevate, the.tastes, and .foster the best ambitions of the irising generation. You can asshtto cleanse;the streets of moral pollution, and you can help the churches to, make Christianity not ei the sjsim of a modest respectability, but a life with a passion, for righteousness. Thus VOUI. will bring the brighter dawn and be the harbingers of the. new day, and in, some measure I', you; will hasten the Kingdom, of ,God upon. earth, 3. Jesus Christ .1:1 the treasury reminds us of that salvation which is found, not in the treasury, but in Himself. The sure mark of a preacher being unques- tionahlv. iorthodox in the loner bygones was that he introduced the name of Christia number of times in his discourse, and', that I his sermon ended with, 13y that, standard you will proclaim me hopelessly Orthodox, When we f;ice.,to. face wfth,jjipsig £ jfrjfye.. treasury we cjtvze; jand p\w ^ptK^o.-jlt^UP-w our life m its completeness yye ^e^jbr^gfrt to eternal issues. We Mpre -to, chc ce ~e &.jped, /6oJ take up ^nJ'J|tmti<le towards Him..as' the* Saviour of the worm. I would be unfaithful to the Master whom I so unworthily serve were I to conclude this service without reminding my- self and you that the service of humanity needs redeemed men. The affairs of a town or a city can be so ordered as to be a means of gr&cv. By that I do not mean that you ought to com- mence your deliberations by singing a hymn. A Christian is not called upon to read his Bible- in the train. I can hardly believe that a main who serves Christ is called upon to wear a. broad-rimmed Quaker hat. Christianity is not a question of form—it is a temper, an attitude,, a life; and we are called upon to practice that life. We have a soul fraught with the most im- portant issues of all. Why should we be ashamed to own this? Some people never use the name of God but with a regulated whisper, as if they were speaking about a ghost. The claims of Christ are real and earnest, elevating and manly. May we see to it that whilst we are alert to our social needs we do not neglect, that spiritual life which hallows our manhood and links us to God. There is a divine pre- sence in the treasury. The Lord Himself is there, and to Him do we stand or fall. Our trusts and our privileges we receive at His hands, and to Him will we be called upon to give an account of our stewardship. Christ can be sold and bought again with the temple's fundis. He can be derided at and laughed to scorn by a political or municipal policy, or he can be worshipped by the attitude of the multi- tude How true is the saying of Hegel, The people that has a bad notion of God has also- a bad State, a bad government, bad laws." Let us, then, get right with God. The salvation is not of the treasury. It does not come by the possession of material wealth. It does not mean that superior life which comes bu culture and restraint. Salvation is not by character alone. Salvation is through the Cross. It means, the appropriation of Christ by the soul. It is a hatred of sin, it is a life-long prayer for a sanctified heart. It is not am escape from, hell, but a hallowed life. It is the anguish and agony of a soul to feel that it has possessed God. Not 'in any sacerdotal spirit, I wish to urge upon you the admonition of the Apostle We pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God." If need be, let us, through bloody sweat and agony, taste this sal- vation. These words spake Jesus in the treasury." May His voice to-day be heard in our hearts.
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