THE FIRST NONCONFORMIST CHAPEL IN WALES. [BY T. FREDERICK LEWIS] On Thursday last, the Rev. H. Elvet Lewis, M.A., Welsh Tabernacle, London, the well-known poet-preacher, officiated at the anniversary of Llanvaches Independent Church. Llanvaches is a small place, situated in the picturesque district between Newport and Chepstow. To Welsh Nonconformists the spot ought to prove a veritable Mecca and the object of periodical pilgrimages, for it was here that the first Nonconformist chapel in Wales was established, 271 years ago. In the year 1638 William Wroth, the Anglican Rector of Llanvaches, refused to read the Book of Sports." The result was that he was expelled from the Church. Nothing daunted, he established Llanvaches Independent Chapel in the year 1639, and the cause has been kept going to this very day. William Wroth, in the following year, 1640, established another Independent chapel at Mill Street, Newport. This cause, also, is flourishing to-day under the able pastorate of the Rev. D. D. Joseph, a native of Llandyssul, whose portrait appeared in a recent issue of the CELT. The original chapel, howdver, is now used for the Sunday School, a new and handsome building having been erected on the site of the old burial ground. William Wroth was born at Abergavenny in the year 1570. He studied at Oxford, and obtained his degree of Bachelor of Arts. In the year 1600 he was presented to the living of Llanvaches. He was a most popular preacher, and great crowds flocked to Llanvaches Church to hear him. In fact the church was too small to accommodate all who wanted to attend, so that he had to preach in the open air. Wroth became known as the blessed Apostle of South Wales." He not only preached at Llanvaches, but in other parts of Wales, as well as in the English border counties. At that time the Anglican Bishops were not as broad and tolerant as the Bishops of to-day, and Wroth was subjected to persecution. In the year 1635 the Bishop of Llandaff preferred articles against him in the High Commission Court for schism. It was alleged that he was leading people astray. Matters came to a head when Wroth re- fused to read "The Book of Sports." He was brought before the Court, presided over by the Archbishop of Canterbury, and de- prived of his living. The sequel was the founding of the Llanvaches and Mill Street (Newport) Independent chapels, as previously narrated. Wroth died in the year 1642, and was interred in Llanvaches churchyard.
WELSH PEDIGREES. In an article which he contributed to the sixth edition of Armorial Families, issued last week, Mr. A. C. Fox Da vies, the famous authority on armorial bearings states that the arms of the great bulk of our present English aristocracy are in the male line of quite modern origin that it becomes of con- siderable interest to ascertain which families still existing can rightly and properly be regarded as of unquestionably ancient line- age. There are, however, many Welsh families with pedigrees running back into remote antiquity which at first sight would appear to rank as far more ancient than any exist- ing English houses. The pedigrees are accepted officially, and it should be re- membered that these pedigrees are not what can justifiably be termed bogus pedigrees in the sense in which that term is applied to fraudulently faked or concocted ones. In the later generations which can be tested by contemporary documentary records the pedi- grees will stand examination, but the early generations which give to them their inordi- nate length, and, if they can be accepted, place Welsh families far before English ones in antiquity, are of course nothing more than mere strings of names. They, how- ever, violate probabilities by inclusion of far more generations than should occur in the ordinary course of a descent between known historical dates. A very ingenious explana- tion has been put forward, based upon the ancient Welsh Land Tenure, that these names were preserved as those members of the family entitled to participate in the ownership of the land, and that at many points the names should be read across as the names of brothers instead of father and son and grandson.
One of the finest cycles placed on the market is the Express Cycle," manu- factured by the Express Cycle Company, 147A, Ohepstow Road, Newport. It is beau- tifully designed and finished.
Y DYFODOL. Boed i Ysgrifenyddion y gwahanol Gymdeithasau anfon ar fyrder restr o'u cyjarfodydd arbennig, i'w gosod yn y Golojn hon. iffggs" Gosodir y Cyfarfodydd, die., a hysbysebir yn y CELT, yn rhad yng ngholofn Y Dyfodol," ond codir ta,t 0 is. yr un am y rhai na hysbysebir. Mehefin. 15—Falmouth Road. Cyfarfod Ymadawol y Parch. S E. Prytherch. 16—Bechstein Hall. Recital. Mr. Gwynne Davies. Gorphenaf. 7-Camberwel1. St. Mary's Church Garden Party. 7-Wandsworth. London Welsh F.C. Garden Party. Hydref. 6—Wilton Square. Te a Chyngerdd Blynyddol. 20-Shirland Road. Annual Concert. Taehwedd. 17—Eisteddfod Fawreddog Capel Stratford. 24-Eisteddfod Flynyddol Jewin. Rhagfyr. 1—Cyngerdd Blynyddol Cymdeithas y Tabernacl. Chwefror. I S-Eisteddfod Flynyddol Cymdeithas y Tabernacl Cymreig, King's Cross. All Communications to the Editor or to the Publisher should in future be addressed to KELT OFFICE, 302 GRAY'S INN RD., LOND ON, W.C. The Editor invites correspondence. All letters must be signed with the full name oj the writers and the address must also be given, not neces- sarily for publication, but as a guarantee of ood faith. WELSHMAN & KELT OFFICES, THE LONDON WELSHMAN AND KELT is a high-class Family Paper, and counts among its contributors the most prominent Welsh Scholars and Writers. YNYSLAS. near Borth, Cardiganshire. On Cardigan Bay and the South Bank of the Dovey Estuary adjoining the Borth Golf Links; the notable Freehold, Agricultural and Marine Property known as "THE YNYSLAS ESTATE," comprising Five excellent Dairy and Mixed Farms, distinguished as ABERLERRY, TYGWYN, TY- CANOL, YYMAWR, and BRICKYARD (otherwise Ynyslas), embracing fertile grass and arable land provided with comfortable Homesteads also 1 he very useful Accommodation Holding called MLNY- DON FIELDS. Several well-built detached and semi-detached VILLA RESIDENCES, with srat-dens and premises attached; PICTURESQUE BUNGA- LOWS, built of timber in the pretty black-and- white style, and others built of concrete together with a number of CHOICE BUILDING SITES, with wide road frontages, close to beach and com- manding fine marine views, which are to be sold free of all building restrictions. The above-mentioned Property, extending to an area of about 633 acres, will be offered FOR SALE BY AUCTION, in 25 Lots, by ESSRS. GILLA-RD & SONS, at the CAMBRIAN HOTEL. BORTH. On WEDNESDAY, 22nd JUNE, 1910, at 2.30 oVlock in the afternoon. Particulars, Plans and Conditions of Sale may be obtained from the Auctioneers, Machynlleth; or Messrs. SMITH, DAVIES & EVANS, Solicitors, Aberystwyth. T. R. THOMAS & CO., Dairy Transfer Agents Experts and Valuers, 143, STRAND, W.C. TELEPHONE 2078 GERRARD. I MILK-Prosperous district, S.W.—Quite an excep- tional bargain, owner retiring, retailing 43 barns daily at 4d. per quart, less 3 barns 3td. and 3d. goods 918 weekly splendid shop, with every con- venience rent zC55 pric':J 2900. t'art can remain. MILK-Old established cowkeeper's business busy I part; retailing 30 barns daily 4d., little at 3d. shop 250 weekly 2 pram rounds 12 cows good premises at 245; long lease. 2750. DAIRIES—S .W.: 6 gls. dy. 4d.; all over counter I takings 230 wk.; clear profit 23 per week; any trial offered. Price 290. No deposit required.— Boro': 9 gls. dy. at 4d.; all over counter; takings 216 wk.; rent E50, subletting 233. Will accept £ 95. MILK —W.: 16 barns dy. 4d., little 3d.; 1 pram I round, and taking 290 wk. over counter rent 250, part let off; net profit 2400 per annum. Will accept. Selling through illness. XILK-Bayswater: Highly recommended; 21 bns. dy. 4d.; 2 prtryis; shop trade £ 30 wk. 2650. XILK-Chiswick: 12 barns, dy. 4d.; 1 pram; shop I trade 234 wk. Asking £ 320.—Paddington: 20 barns dy. 4d, les little at 3d.; rent 215. Only £ 860.—Kmgtusbridge Indoor trade, very select. Takings P,20 weekly; big profits. £150. THE LONDON, WELSHMAN AND KELT (CELT LLUNDAIN). A WELSH WEEKLY NEWSPAPER. Established 1895. The Official Organ of the London Welsh Community. TRADE ADVERTISEMENTS. Displayed. Per insertion :— Per Inch, in Column Half Column I3(- I Column 1/8/0 I Page 4/0/0 I Reduction for a series oj I3 or more insertions SpeciallPosition by Arrangement.