Notes and News. THE Welsh Church Commission will issue its report in October. IT is reported that Lord Justice Vaughan Williams will make a statement on Tuesday next as to the course that the Commission will pursue in regard to future witnesses. MR. KEIR HARDIE met with a hostile reception at Cambridge on Saturday last. The students present refused to give the Labour leader a hearing, and smashed a carriage belonging to one of his supporters. ARE Welsh schoolmasters notorious tipplers? That is the question that was asked last week, when it was announced that a person, who is recognised as an authority on Licensing Laws, was appointed as Chief of their Department. MR. O. M. EDWARDS will now terminate his long and successful career at Oxford; but his work on behalf of Welsh literature, and the preservation of the language will con- tinue as heretofore. AT a meeting of the governors of the Towyn County School last week Alderman Haydn Jones read a letter he had received from Mr. David Davies, M.P., Llandinam, advancing, on behalf of his mother, sisters, and himself, a sum of £4,000 for capital expenditure in connection with the new building of the school, subject to certain nominal terms stipulated. MR. T. Huws DAVIES, B.Sc., has been appointed assistant secretary to the Welsh Church Commission, which now sits in London. PROFESSOR HENRY JONES and Sir Alfred Thomas are to be the principal guests at the Welsh National Dinner on March 1st at the Hotel Cecil. THE Right Hon. D. Lloyd-George, Esq., M.P., will preside at the national Welsh concert at Castle Street on the first Saturday in March. This promises to be a big event, and we understand that applications for tickets are coming in very freely. MR. T. J. MACNAMARA, M.P., will address the members of the Union of Literary Societies in Jewin at the end of March. At the same gathering Mr. H. J. Williams, L.C.C., will deliver his presidential address. Songs will be rendered at the gathering by Miss Gwladys Roberts and Mr. Ffestyn Davies. MR. BEN DAVIES, the famous tenor, sang beautifully at Cardiff last week. THE gratification at Mr. Owen M. Edwards' new appointment is remarkably unanimous in Wales. THERE is to be a genuine St. David's Banquet at Aberystwyth this year. The one held in past years was a caricature. MR. TOM JAMES, a native of Aberayron, is now a fully commissioned officer in the American Navy. Many CELT readers will, doubtless, remember Mr. James when a boy at the little Cardiganshire town. His mother still resides there. Mr. Tom James took part in the Spanish-American War. IT is a pity to see so many young Welsh- men leaving Wales for Canada. Quite a crowd of them left Glamorganshire lately. They were of a type that one does not care to lose from our midst. NOTHING is now heard as to the intentions of Cammel, Laird, & Co., to open big works at Swansea. A NON-TRUST soap works is to be started at Cardiff. In conversation with one of the directors our South Wales correspondent was informed that some 100 hands would be employed at the commencement, but 700 or 800 would, it was hoped, be employed later on. THE suffering poor of South Wales are enduring great hardships owing to the shameful charges for coal which cannot be obtained even in Cardiff under Is. 6d. a cwt., which works out at not far short of 30s. a ton Mr. D. A. Thomas, M.P., as a colliery owner, would confer more benefit upon the people if he tried to get coal sold at a less extortional price instead of talking empty platitudes at young Welsh Liberal meetings. MR. A. T. Davies, the new permanent secretary of the Welsh Educational Depart- ment, formally withdrew from public life at a meeting in Denbigh on Saturday, and replying to congratulations said he was going to London with an honesty of pur- pose to do his duty fully and fearlessly on behalf of the little children of Wales. IT is said that if the Moderates win the County Council election, they will make Mr. G. R. Sims one of the aldermen in acknow- ledgment of his services. Should the Pro- gressives be successful they might do more than make Mr. Sims an alderman. It is true that he is a Moderate, but he has com- pensations. He is interested in the work of Local Government, and moreover, like Artemus Ward's kangaroo, he possesses the great attraction of being an amusing little cuss." SIR MARCHANT WILLIAMS, who, besides being a stipendiary is a Welsh poet of no mean merit, is about to publish a volume of Welsh poems, bearing the title, Odlau Serch a Bywyd." Sir Marchant is the first Welsh knight for more than two centuries who has made an extensive use of the Welsh language in literature. Other baronets and knights, however, have been able to speak the language in quite modern times, as the late Sir Thomas Lloyd, Bronwydd, and the present baronet, Sir Marteine Lloyd; the late Sir Love Jones-Parry, Sir John Jones Jenkins (now Lord Glantawe), Sir Watkin Wynn, Sir Pryse-Pryse, of Gogerddan, and many others. "SOME observations on early Irish and Welsh criminal law," was the subject of an address delivered by Sir D. Brynmor Jones, before the members of Undeb y Brythoniaid at Birmingham on Saturday last. Sir David traced the early history of the law in Wales from the 10th century. In these early days much that is now relegated to criminal courts was dealt with by the Church, and in this they had the explanation of the secular character of both the Welsh and Irish legal texts. In the early Welsh system the prin- ciple was recognised of personal vengeance for murder. Bye and by the law regulated and modified this rule in several respects- first by the friendly intervention of dis- interested tribesmen to bring about peace by a payment as satisfaction second, to make a formal demand of blood money a condition of the exercise of the right of vengeance and third, the chief or lord taking upon himself the burden of exacting compensation. This last system became liable to abuse, and society demanded a system of criminal justice founded upon other conceptions. It was formally superseded by the introduction of Norman institutions in North Wales by Edward I.