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-:-Rhondda Naturalists.

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Rhondda Naturalists. Excavations to be made on Penrhys. A deputation from the members of the ^hove Society recently visited the site of old Penrhys Monastery. The party very kindly conducted by Mr. John Williams, tenant of Penrhys tjchaf Farm. As a result of the visit, it was decided to commence excavation work before April ne:x:t The ruins supposed to be those of the monastery are fairly evident. The north wall remains standing, but those of the south-east and west have been taken away, presumably to build the old farm- house and barn. The chapel measures about ten yards by seven, the longest measurement being east to west. The depntation deemed it advisable to ex- cavate (1) the whole of the interior of the building; (2) to lay hare. the foun- dations of the wallsl (3) to trench about a yard or so on the outer side of the walls., Photographs will then be taken and measurements made, after which the whole site will be re-covered and made to appear in its original state as far as pos- sible. The field to the north-east of the monastery was termed Y Fynwent, or the burial-place. In the construction of the new road across Penrhys, this field was cut through, but during the work no record of any discovery of historic interest has been made. From the south-east end of the building there seems to have been a. trench, drain or ditch cut towards the adjacent Penrhys brook. Here was found a plentiful supply of Bistort—Snakewort, Llys y NeidrTafod yr Oen. This was ot much value, no doubt, to our ances- tors, who found it very useful in cases of wounds, such as snakebites, &c.; hence its name. It is also found in the vicinity of the monasteries at St. Fagans, Llan carfan, and Green meadow. The surmise is that the monks were doctors as well as teachers and preachers, and introduced the plant for its beneficial value. With regards to the trench already mentioned, it was considered worthy of excavation, so that a cross section of the burial-place be obtained, and a full opportuity of dis- Tnwl'f of historic value and was a w» ma^e- The old farmhouse was also inspected. It was decided to nt nll j J° a rece»t date was not paved at all, but was as Nature made it Thi beams, from » tr, 10 yards Ions* are of Welsh oak and nicely carved. Anotlior m w 15 *hat 0,1 the> vails may be found specimens of four ferns, not found anywhere in the district ex- T, n ™e old bridge at Pontvgwaith. Ihe names of these ferns are Hart's Black and Common Maiden Hair, opleeiiwort, and Wall Rue, which are dwarfed and starved.

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- IRhondda County School,…

Rhondda Pupil Teachers' Centre.

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Mardy. :I

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[No title]

Gelll.

GiPl Preacher at Llwynypiar.

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