A Peep Round the Shops. (Continued). In continuing this article, we beg for- bearance from those whose trading estab- lishments we omitted to mention in our last week's issue. In extenuation of this fact, we may state that, owing to the great utilitarian demands made upon our advertising columns, we were precluded from doing the justice to the article we had intended. Nevertheless, it was with no little satisfaction to us to find that the Rhondda Leader has been found beneficent to both readers and tradesmen Alike. Tradesmen who advertised, like readers who read, got value for money. For a more comprehensive establish- ment to satisfy the: fastidious demands of the Christmas present seeker Mrs. Wil- liams, Lower Post Office, Tonypandy, would be really hard to beat. Her pre- mises are packed with toys of every tiescription which so delight the juvenile mind; also there is a great stock of Christmas cards and novelties to choose from.. • The general furnishing premises of Mr. H. Car dash, lower end, Tonypandy, con- tain some very useful articles for domestic use. And shoppers would certainly do a good thing for themselves by going to see his windows, which are full of bargains of almost every description. Great prominence is given to the famous Bell pianos in the windows of Mr. Tom Rhys, house furnisher, Dunraven Street, Tonypandy. Besides pianos, a large variety of useful household articles are to be found here at prices which bear favourable comparison with other estab- lishments. Mr. Anthony Rees, gents' mercer and outfitter, Dunraven Street, is this week making a very pretty show of gents' neck- wear, handkerchiefs, gloves, &c., suitable for seasonable presents; whilst across the road Messrs. Hipps and Co., the Public Benefit Tailors, are showing remarkable value for money in the clothing line. Their 19s. 6d. suits are still in great demand, and Mr. Oheckland, the manager, is always pleased to show prospective customers what splendid value they are giving. Books and stationery to suit everybody are to be had from Mr. Howells, book- seller, Dunraven Street, Tonypandy. The very latest things in these lines are to be had here in bewildering profusion. As is alreadv known, Mr. L. Ladd, J photographic artist, Tonypandy, besides 'I keeping on his large studio, has also opened a photographic depot next door to Mr. Willie Llewellyn's chemist shop, Tonypandy. For the convenience of those who come together at Yuletide and wish to be photographed, Mr. Ladd is keeping his studio open during the Christmas and New Year holidays. Mr. Geo. Clark, the well-known motor engineer, whose establishment is next door to Mr. Danix's temperance bar, is displaying a large quantity of gramo- phones, phonographs and records. These would make very seasonable Christmas gifts. Mr. H. S. Haigh, or better known as The Penygraig Herbalist," 42, Tylacelyn Road, Penygraig has in his windows a splendid show of perfumes, fancy toilet soaps, coombes, hair brushes, marked at extremely low prices. Mr. Haigh is leaving his nresent premises early in the new year and will on January 10th open his commodious new premises at No. 50, Tylacelyn Road (eight doors lower down from his present address), where he hopes to have a continuance of our readers' con- I fidence he had enjoyed for five years.
Maesteg. Concert.—On Monday evening last, th| 20th inst., a grand pianoforte recital and concert was held in the Town Hall, Maes. teg, by Miss Marie Novello Williams (daughter of Gwilym Taf), assisted px the following artistes: -Soprano, Miss Elizabeth Jenkins; tenor, Mr. Gwilym Taf; baritone, Mr. Wilfred Douthitt, London; elocutionist, Miss E. J. Daniel ;< party, Maesteg, Glee Singers. Appended is the programme: —Part 1: Glee, party song, "Nelson's gone a-sailing," Douthitt; song, "Nant y Mynydd," Miss Jenkins; pianoforte solo, Miss Marie Novello; recitation, Miss Daniel; duet, Trot here and there," Miss Jenkins and Mi*. Douthitt; song, Castian G wraig,3 • Gyilym Taf; pianoforte solo. Miss Mario Novello; duet and glee, Miss Jenkina Mr. Williams and party. Part 2: Glee,, party song, Killig Charles, Mr. Douthitt; pianoforte solo, Miss JSlaria Novello; trio, "The Laughing Trio, Miss Jenkins, Messrs. Williams and Douthitt; recitation (Welsh), Miss DanIel;1 song, "The Waltz Song," Miss Jenkins;1 pianoforte solo, Miss Marie Novello;, song" Baner ein Gwlad," Gwilym Taf glee,' "Sleep Gentle Lady," the Glea Party; finale, God save the King." The chair was taken by Mr. W. Griffiths" Coegnant House, who presided oyer an: excellent audience. The accompanist for, the evening was Mr. Richard Powell. Lecture.—A lecture was held in Good Templars' Hall, Alfred Street, Maesteg, on Monday evening last, under the auspices of the Maesteg Independent Labour Party, when the Rev. George Neighbour, of Mountain Ash, delivered an excellent lecture to a chowded audi- ence, entitled The Present Political Outlook from a Labour Standpoint. Lecture.—At Tabor (C.M.) Chapel on: Wednesday evening (last week), an excel- lent lecture was delivered by Major John: Russell on The Wonders of Redeeming Grace." The meeting, which was well attended, was held in connection with tha (Salvation Army. The meeting was pre- sided over by Mr. David Evans, Llynfi Lodge. Proceeds were m aid ofi defraying the cost of the new set of instruments for the Salvation Army Baud., Obituary.—It is witn sad regret that we record the death of Mr. Arthur Job, the only son of Mr. W. Job, of North's Navigation Co., Maesteg. The deceased, whc was only IS years of age, and who had been ailing for a long time from diphtheria and inflammation of the lungs, passed away on Sunday evening about 4 o'clock. The funeral took place on Wednesday. Meeting.—On Tuesdav evening last, an inaugural meeting was held in the Town Hall, Maesteg, in connection with the Maesteg Young Liberals' League. The meeting was addressed by Sir S.-T. Evans, K.C., M.P., who expounded on Liberalism chiefly, and stated the benefits that many; young men could derive through joining a League of this kind. The meeting, which was excellently attended, was pren- sided over by Mr. R. J. Jones (president of the Maesteg League). Amongst those on the platform were the Rev. Iorwerth Jones, Messrs. J. P._ Gibbon Joha Howells, David Davies, John HoC"B., R. Maddock, J. Silvan Evans, Evan Wil- liams, G. Ferrier, W. R. Thomas, Joshua Williams, John Jenkins, A. H. Thomas,. A. K. Davies, E. E. Davies. Z. J enkins, T. Rees (Garnlwyd), W. G. Roberts J« Picton James, Allen, David Rees, Edgar, Jenkins, David Morris, David Evans, ansi Griffiths. THE BEGINNING OF IRON. It is commonly believed that the use of iron? commenced in either Africa or Asia, but Ridgeway, in his work, The Beginning of Iron," states that the latest investigations prove that iron was not worked in Egypt until the ninth century before the Christian era, or in Libya until 450 B.C., that the Semites adopted its use still later, and that it has been known in Uganda only witnin the I last five or six centuries. In China iron isj first mentioned in 400 B.C. Bronze weapons were employed in China until 100 A.D., and in I Japan until"700 A.D. According to Ridgeway, j the metallurgy of iron must have originated in Central Europe, especially in Noricum, which approximately represented modern1 Austria and Bavaria. Only at Hallstatt and in Bosnia and Transylvania, from which countries the Acliaians and Dorians are. supposed to have migrated to Greece, are found evidences of a gradual in troduction of iron, at first as an ornament ap- plied to the bronze, which it ultimately dis- placed. Everywhere else, iron was intro- duced suddenly—a fact which implie8 foreign origin. Of course, Ridgeway does not assert that iron was unknown outside of central Europe. On the contrary, he states, that meteoric iron was known in Egypt in re- mote antiquity, but that it was worked aa flints were worked, by cutting or chipping, and was not smelted. In other words, it was the metallurgy, not the knowledge of iron th46fk originated in central Europe.
or GREAT POULTRY AND MEAT SHOW. JOHN THOM&S & SONS, BUTCHERS, LLWYNYPIA Will as usual, have a GR-H.NI> SHOW of the FINKST QUAMTY HOME-BRBO POUMRY Consisting of GEESE, TURKEYS, DUCKS & FOWLS, & PRIME BEEF, WELSH WETHER MUTTON & DAIRY FED PORK On Thursday and Friday next, December 23rd and 24th. 5201 Come and See for yourselves before purchasing elsewhere.
Chancellor at Cardiff (f)o: Historic Pronouncements. New Theatre and the Cabbage Patch Budget to Go Through. Mr. D. Lloyd George, M.P. (Chancellor of the Exchequer), presided over the Welsh National Liberal Convention at the Park Hall, Cardiff, on Tuesday. The platform was occupied by several Welsh M.P.'s and leading Liberals in the Prin- cipality. The spacious building was crowded to excess a long time before the Chancellor, leading Mrs. D. A. Thomas, and accompanied by Mrs. Lloyd George, arrived, and the long wait was beguiled with the singing of election songs, Mr. Tarn John, M.A., Tonypandy, acting as conductor in his inimitable fashion. When the Chancellor arrived, he was given an extraordinary reception, which was re- peated a few minutes later as he rose to deliver his speech. After the cheering and waving of hats and handkerchiefs had subsided, Mr. Lloyd George said that it was little over a year since they held the last meeting of the Welsh National Convention at Swansea. Then he pointed out that the Liberal Government was not altogether responsible for the fact that a number of important measures had not become Acts of Parliament. There was an Education Bill, so moderate in the final form in ,which it was offered that the Catholic members of the House of Commons actually disagreed with the Lords' amend- ment. They knew what happened to the Licensing Bill. There was a council meeting held in the Throne room of Lansdowne House—(booing and laughter) —and the Bill was thrown out as the result of that drawing-room meeting. The Liberals had a Valuation Bill. Every- body admitted the grievances of valuation in this country, and the ineaualities, how hardly they bore upon the industries, the commerce, and the trade of the country, and how easily they let off people not en- gaged in any business except that of con- sumption. He would have a little more to say about those inequalities before he had done that afternoon. There were one or two special cases at Cardiff (laugh- ter). Well, the grievances having been admitted, they first of all tried the ex- periment in Scotland. The people of PPW- Scotland were pretty unanimous in favour of the Bill, but it was thrown out with almost the same unanimity by an un- representative Assembly (" Shame "). But what was the use of going through the list of Bills rejected and mutilated? They had done it very skilfully up to the pre- sent, and with great cunning. The. great obstructor of all good measures had served them well so far, but he generally dropped his man before the end, and at last the House of Lords had blundered. Gre.ed was the wildest of all chauffeurs, and the House of Lords had dashed madly under the impulse of this driver, until they had discovered it—but too late, luckily (applause). LORD ROSEBERY'S WARNING. There was a road in Surrey with a steep and tortuous hill, and the road was very narrow. There was no notice-board at the top to warn anybody, but when they got three-quarters of the way down there was a notice stating that the hill was very dangerous (laughter). That seemed to be the experience of the House of Lords. They had got three parts of the way down, the car was rocking and swaying, and the chauffeur had lost com- plete control, when Lord Rosebery put up a notice and called out to the chauffeur, Take a fortnight to con- sider" (laughter). He did not think any- thing could save that car now, and he was not sorry (applause). It had run over a good many honest neople, and it was a danger to the public welfare. The British were very tolerant of old-established grievances. They would not .stand a new one, but if it was a very old one they would tolerate it. They seemed to get accustomed to it and were sorry to get rid of it. They could afford to get rid of this, for there would be plenty left, and they could always fall back on the weather (laughter). The Peers had said weather (laughter). The Peers had said they would pass the Budget if the people wanted it. Of course, they would. They were the mildest-mannered men that ever cut a Liberal Bill's throat. Yes, but he would tell them what they would do. They would let the Budget through, and lie in wait for the next Liberal measure that had unwarily threaded its way to the House of Lords, and they would finish that. They could not trust them with dangerous weapons (hear, hear). THE HOUSE OF FEARS. They ha3 got to pass an Arms Act—no knives or pistols were to be allowed in the hands of the Peers. They were sick of this garrotting of Liberal Bills, and he was very glad the Prime Minister had said, "Never again." The Peers were not a very, brave Assembly. It was an Assembly that feared everything. It was not the House of Peers; it was the House of Fears (laughter). He had been asked many a time during the last three years why he had not introduced a Disestab- lishment Bill. It was absolutely no good. The first thing was to settle the veto of the Lords—(cheers)—" and all these things will be added unto you." In Wales they had a perfect passion for edu- cation, an,d they might have imagined that any Assembly that had any pride in the British Empire would be pleased to help to do its best for any part of the Empire that was really doing all it could to educate its children. What happened P They thought they could do better by having their own primary education in their own hands. All sections of the community were agreed about it. The Cardiff Corporation, which was a Con- servative corporation so far as thelhlajo- rity were concerned, passed a resolution in favour of it, and organised a conven- tion to consider it, at which the resolu- tion in favour was carried with practical unanimity, and even the Tory paper in Cardiff supported the measure. And what happened? It was thrown out of the House of Lords by an overwhelming majority. Who did it? Did they con- sult the best men of their own party in Wales? Did they ask Lord Tredegar, for instance P EARL CAWDOR ATTACKED. He did not believe they did. They only asked one man, a man who had been a consistent enemy of everything Welsh- Lord Cawdor (loud booing). What autho- rity had he to speak for Wales? Did he represent the Welsh people? ("No"). Yet the House of Peers accented his advice as to what was best for the Welsh people. Very well; if the Lords thus treated an inoffensive little Welsh measure, how could they expect anything from them where their own land was concerned, their privileges? Not they. To ask them to part with the land was like asking them to part with one of their limbs. They threw out the Budget purely and simply because for the first time it was proposed to secure an official valuation that would protect the public in future from extor- tion (hear, hear). He had Niven a few instances of this kind of extortion. He gave them from Cardiff a short time ago, and since he was there he would like to say a word or two again about those questions. He gave some illustrations at Limehouse, and afterwards they all went about the country and said, Calumny." It was untrue. In the House of Commons he challenged them to point out where it was untrue when he was present to answer them. His friend the Solicitor-General was with him, and -rendered invaluable aid. Since they would not do it he re- stated the Gorrmge case, and asked what they had got to say to it. They never said a, word. Now he would give an illus- tration at Cardiff. NEXT DOOR TO WINDSOR CASTLE. People outside of Cardiff seemed to have taken an interest in the little tailor's shop. He gave the instance first of all of the great castle with hundreds of thou- sands of square yards of land. Then he gave the case of the tailor's shop, which he said, roughly, was next door. Well, now, if he said a place was next door to Windsor Castle it did not mean that it was bang up to the castle gates; and if he said a man was next door to a fool- (loud laughter)—what he meant was that he was somewhere in that neighbourhood. Here was a shop at any rate in the imme- diate vicinity-quite. near enough for the purposes of valuation. The great baronial mansion with 500,000 square yards was valued for assessment purposes at E921 10s., but a little block of 800 or 900 square yards was valued at £ 949 10s. (" Shame "). And these were the figures as corrected by all sorts of lawyers. It was setting a lawyer to catch a lawyer. He was told that the Marquess of Bute was paying L30,000 a year. from the docks. That was another grievance. The moment the Marquess of Bute went in for honest trading lie had to pay L30,000 a year, but the moment he was purely a swell he paid nothing for his land. He would give another case. CATHAYS PARK VALUE. There was a very well-known piece of land in Cardiff which was sold some time ago to the Corporation, viz., Cathays Park. Before it was sold its ratable value was £ 253 per annum. It was valued as agricultural land, and the Marquess of Bute had half his rates paid out of the taxes of the country as a distressed agri- culturist. That piece of land was sold to the Cardiff Corporation at E160,000, (" Shame "). Now, at 4 per cent. per annum that would produce £6,400 at least, and it was rated at t253, and half of that was paid out of the taxes of the country, which he and they had to pay something towards. I say to the Mar- quess of Bute," continued the speaker, We don't want to take away your land, but you have, to pay on its full value exactly as any tradesman or workman in Cardiff has to pay.' First of all he has to pay a halfpenny tax. This would cost him £ 330 on that plot. Here is a value created by Cardiff, by the industry of Cardiff, by its trade and commerce. Is it too much to say to Lord Bute, 'You must contribute in respect of this to the needs of the country'? And what was the reply ? You are a robber to suggest it (laughter). KITCHEN GARDEN AND THEATRE. Proceeding, the Chancellor referred to a kitchen garden of seven acres in Cathays Park. The ratable value of that was £56 10s. A short time ago someone built a theatre on part of that garden and paid at the rate of £ 1,200 an acre. In addition to that, the proprietor of the theatre had to spend money on roads, and if they took that into account it ran to nearly £ 1,800 an acre per annum. They were paying a ground rent of LI,200 per annum (" Shame "). He (the speaker) was so astonished that he could hardly believe that extortion could go to that extent. Who was Barrabas, he would like to know? £8 an acre was the value the Marquess of Bute put upon that land when he was asked to contribute upon it, but when it came to receiving and not paying he valued it at £1,200 per annum. All he proposed in his Budget was that he should contribute at the rate of £ 1,200. How could they expect people with such a record to pass the Budget? But it was going through (cheers). And many another Bill would follow it- security for the workmen against un- employment, against starving in the dark hours of sickness, security against old age, security for the tenant farmer against capricious eviction. It was all coming (aprilause). THE PEERS AND THE LAND. There were people in this country who had riches, possessions, power, influence, and retainers. The Lords went out of their way to shield them. Then there were people who had nowhere, no posses- sions, no influence, and very few friends. When did they hear of the House of Lords striving to rescue them? (" Ngver "). He remembered the poor cottars in Ireland thrown out by the hundreds and thou- sands on to the bleak hills out of hovels they had built with their own hands— flung out ruthlessly by cruel landlords. What did the peers do? They cheered and hounded on their oppressors. One of his first recollections in Welsh politics was that of hundreds of Welsh farmers thrown out of the homes of their fathers because they obeyed a conscience planted in their breasts by the Father in Heaven to guide and direct them through life. Did the Lords protect them? ("No"). To talk about a Second Chamber to protect the land against popular impulse and passion! Let them name a single oppression in this land which was due to popular passion. If they did name one, he would point to fifty due to the cold, deliberate creed of a class. Where was the Second Chamber to protect against rapacity ? They were not there to protect honest industry against confiscation. The Lords were only in their Chamber to defend monopoly which plundered industry. They were there as the garrison of privilege. They had been found out, and Britain would strip them of their protection (applause). The Chancellor subsequently, addressed an overflow meeting at the Cory Hall, and later in the afternoon motored to Swan- sea, where he addressed large meetings in support of the candidatures of Sir D. Brynmor Jones and Mr. Alfred Mond.
Tonypandy's Demands. In matters such as that dealt with in the following paragraph, Tonypandy demands Tonypandy evidence, and rightly so, for the personal experience of a neigh- bour alone can be accepted without ques- tion. Mr. B. Davies, of 51, Dunraven Street, is a well-known resident of Tonypandy. He is a miner, and the experience he relates will be interesting to all who follow that calling. It is well known," says Mr. Davies, that on account of having to work in all manner of positions, miners are subject to kidney trouble. I was suffering badly some months ago; when I have got up early in the morning, my eyes have been so misty that I could hardly see-I had a dazed feeling about me. I knew my kidneys were wrong, for the water was badly coloured, and there was pain in passing it. My back used to ache so much that I scarcely knew how to keep to my work, for I had to be in a doubled-up position for a long while. I have worked down the pit over 20 years, and never before have I felt so bad; I began to think I should have to give up work if I did not get any, better. Then I was persuaded to try Doan's Backache Kidney Pills, as lots of miners praise them. One box of the pills did me a great deal of good; I was able to stoop without so much difficulty as before, and I could move more freely. The water was not so painful to pass, and became less cloudy. After that I improved day by day, until, by the time I had taken three boxes of Doan's -ills, I was my old self again. I have felt none of the pains since, and can do a day's work with any man. "I am glad to give this testimony for Doan's Backache Kidney Pills, for they are just the medicine that miners need -I can confidently recommend them. (Signed) Benjamin Davies. Doan's Backache Kidney Pills are two shillings and ninepence per box, or six boxes for thirteen shillings and ninepence. Of all chemists and stores, or post free direct from the Foster-McClellan Co., 8, Wells Street. Oxford Street, London W. Be sure you get the same kind of pills as Mr. Davies had. 4905e
BETHANIA, PORTH. The Third Annual Chair Eisteddfod Will be held in connection with the above Church at the Palace, Porth, Easter Tuesday, March 29, 1910 Chief Items. MALE VOIOE-" Martyrs of the Arena."—(De Rille) £15. Also 2 Guineas for the best Quartette, and a baton to successful Conductor. MIXED VOICES-" Ar Ian Iorddonen Ddofn.(Gabriel) £10. And a valuable Umbrella to successful Con- ductor. JUVENILE CHOIRS—Own Selection, 45. And a baton to successful Conductor. CHAMPION SOLO-Own Selection, £ 3 3s. POETRY (see programme)—A valuable Chair and a prize of Cl is. Duett, 41 5s. Solos (Vocal and Instrumental) and Reci- tations, 21s. each. Novice Solos, 10s. 6d. each. Welsh Recitation, 109. 6d. Englyn, Essays, etc. GRAND CHILDREN'S PROGRAMMES. Programmes Id. each, by post Hd. For further particu lars apply to Sees.—W. H. John* 62, Birchgrove, Porth 5211 A. H. Aubrey, 30, Lewis-terrace, Porth "The Cook's Best Friend." I BORWICK'S I BAKING POWDER
SPECIAL ROYAL WARRANT HH TO HIS MAJESTY THE KUdft D. s. Colman's F.