Welsh Topics. Notes and Jottings. Sunday School Work. Taihaearn. Ifano's popular lecture on Talhaearn, the father of the modern Welsh lyric, is in constant demand ever since he first delivered it some years ago before the Merthyr Cymreigyddion Society. Pos- sessing, as Ifano does, the true poetic spirit, he was able to_ set before the audi- ence at the Bethania Young People's Society last week the beauty of Taihacarn's style, his vivacity, and his sarcasm. Dealing as it did with an almost for- gotten genius, who was undoubtedly the first in Wales to set the lyric on firm soil as intensified and glorified in Ceiriog, Ifano is doing a great service in placing Talhaearn in the proder settii-ig he so rightly deserves in Welsh literature. The lecture on TaL," ample as it is in the delineation of that great person, is a lec- ture on growth, the nature, the history of the modern lyric. Ifano's mastery of the elocution and oratory adds to the effectiveness of the selections recited, while the criticism is fair, clear, and sound. Ifano has been invited to deliver the same lecture before the Liverpool Welsh Society. A New Welsh Drama. The latest Wel,sh drama is that of Richard Williams, of Manchester, pub- lished by the 'Educational Publishing Co. It depicts Welsh life sixty years ago, when the desire for knowledge was dawning in the land. It takes a little over two hours to perform, but as it is so simple and easy, and only needs five characters, it can be well adapted by amateurs and literary societies. It is written in the North Wales dialect, but it would be an easy matter for to set it to suit any dialect in Wales. The characters are Tomos; Jones," a hard-working farmer, and his wife, Mali Marian," who is in love with a young farmer, Emrys and Arthur," a brother of Marian, a bright, intelligent youth whose whole soul thirsts for knowledge. The workmanship is very praiseworthy; the drama is homely and forcible, and could easily be adapted by winter societies. Wales and the G.P.O. This is an age of decentralisation. The latest thing on the tapis is that in the decentralisation of the work of the General Post Office Wales is to be ignored. It is being understood that England and Wales is to be divided into five districts, each under the control of a surveyor-general, while Scotland and Ireland are to have one surveyor-general each. These officiaLsI are to possess very extensive powers in the administration of the work within their respective areas without any reference to headquarters. The Cardiff Cymrodorion are protest- ing against this, and claim that Wales, being a separate nation, should be recog- nised as such, as is done in the case of Scotland and Ireland. Already our country has been recognised as a separate nation in the administration of educa- tion when a Welsh Department was created, also in the creation of a Welsh, inspectorate under the Poor Law, also in the appointment of a Welsh Commissioner- ship under the Board of Agriculture, and a surveyorship in connection with the Labour Exchanges. It is only fitting that Wales should possess its own surveyor-general in just the same way as Scotland and Ireland are treated. I The London Eisteddfod. The National Eisteddfod of this year proved a financial success. The. last com- mittee to close the accounts was held last week. The receipts amounted to tS,934, and the expenses to C3,604, leaving a balance of some E330. Half of this goes by agreement to the National Eisteddfod Association; the other half was divided as follows — £ 80 to Eisteddfod Associa- tion, k50 towards forming an Eistedd- fodol Library, to be housed at the Welsh Club, £ 25 to the Eisteddfod Choral Society, and R10 towards the Welsh poor of London. Sunday School Work. I Ever since the visit of Mr. Hamilton Archibald, of the Bournville Training Institute, to Ton and Treorchy, Sunday School workers have been keenly discuss- ing his system, and the methods of Sun- day School teaching in general. His visit has been followed by one of his lady teachers, Miss Wallis, who is conducting a series of addresses on the method of carrying on the Primary Department of this system. The visits of these two have set many thinking, and particularly so as to how far can be applied to and extended in, the Welsh Sunday Schools. That Welsh Sunday Schools are passing through a crisis is an undeniable fact, and that there is need of reform is also a crying need; yet whatever system is adopted, it must first of all answer to our national needs. Ullike England, we have a complete and connected system of education. The progress of our secondary and higher education is making itself felt in the Sunday School. This reflex action has to be coped with in a manner which does not affect English Sunday Schools. Our pupils from the Intermediate Schools and from the University Colleges are being trained into methods of historical re- search, and are able to grapple with ques- tions of historical criticism and scientific research with a minuteness unknown per- haps to the stoical English mind. Again, our Sunday Schools have been the mental training ground of our youths they have been the channels along which our chil- dren have been trained into keen logicians; in short, the Sunday Schools have been the colleges of the. people. That we need new enthusiasm and fresh inspiration for the work goes with- out saying, but we maintain, and that in the strongest manner, that whatever changes take place, they must be on lines which are consonant with the spirit, the aspiration, and the ideal of the nation. No method will be satisfactory to us unless it secures for us a thorough teach- ing in, and the preservation of, the Welsh L
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I Attempted Suicide at Pentre Quarrelled with His "Girl." Witness Commended by Stipendiary. Thomas Thomas, collier, Pentre, was charged at Porth Police Court with attempting to commit suicide. Mary Ritchie (married), Lower Alma Place, Pentre, said that about half-past five on Tuesday, prisoner came to her house and showed her several packets of salts of lemon and a bottle containing some white liquid. He told her that everybody was down on him, and after she asked him what was the matter, pri- soner said. I have quarrelled with my girl." She told him not to do anything rash and not to be so foolish, and to throw the stuff away. He left a note to give to his girl." A little later iiohe heard groans, and she went out and found prisoner suffering great pain. Witness then carried him into the house and gave him some milk, and sent for the doctor. The Stipendiary commended her for promptitude, and thanked her for the assistance she rendered. William Evans, Cwmparc, assistant to Mr. D. George, chemist, Ystrad, said that he served prisoner with the salts of lemon, prisoner saying that lie wanted it to remove iron mould stains. He did not look as if he meant to commit suicide. W. E. Weeks, Gelli, assistant to Mr. W. H. Jenkins, chemist, Pentre, said that prisoner asked him for salts of lemon, and gave the same reason as in the other case. P.O. Joseph Thomas said that at 6.30 p.m. he was called to 16, Lower Alma Place, where he saw prisoner in great pain and vomiting. On the following day witness conveyed prisoner to Pentre Police Station. When charged,, prisoner said: "I am very sorry." Prisoner's brother said that prisoner had an awful temper, and must have. done this in a fit of temper. A man who worked next to prisoner, said that he was a good worker, and he was -repared to take charge of him. Prisoner's landlady said he was a steady young man while he had been with her. The case was remanded until Monday at Ton-Pentre Police Court to enable prisoner to be examined by the medical officer at Cardiff Gaol. Prisoner was brought up at Ton-Pentre on Monday, and a friend said that he was willing to take charge of him, and on this undertaking prisoner was dismissed.
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Porth Carnival Committee. First Annual Banquet. £ 1,000 to Hospital in 4 years. On Tuesday evening last, the Porth Carnival and Sports Committee enjoyed the felicity of their first annual banquet. The carnival and sports have only been in existence for the paist four years, and during that time no le6s a sum than £ 1,000 has been raised towards the Porth Cottage Hospital. Nearly 150 guests sat down at the banquet, which was held at the Porth Hotel, and over which Mr. W. T. Davies, chairman of the commit- tee, presided. The visitors included Dr. T. H. Morris, Tylorstown; Dr. Glanville Morris, Mardy; Alderman Morgan Wil- liams, Mr. Talietsiii Richards, Mardy whilst aDologies for absence were received from Messrs. Thos. Griffiths. J.P., Maes- gwvn Leonard Llewelyn. Llwynypia J. W. Hutchinson, Llwyncelyn Hall Dr. E. Naunton Davies, Pontyclun; Messrs. W. J. Thomas, Ynyshir- T. T. Powny, Fern- dale and N. Llewellyn, Barry Dock. The loyal toasts having been honoured, Mr. D. Watts Morgan submitted The Porth Cottage Hospital," and referred very feelingly to the founder. Dr. Henry Naunton Davies, the father of the chair- man. He thought that anyone who had any regard for the hospital was bound to revere the memory of that eminent physician (applause). Mr. Morgan ap- pealed to the visitors to go away from the banquet as missionaries and endea- vour to establish a similar institution in the Rhondda Fach (applause). Alderman M. Williams and Mr. T. Davies (secretary of the Hospital Com- mittee) responded. Alderman Morgan Williams referred to the initial financial troubles experienced by the hospital, and the assistance rendered by Dr. Henry N. Davies in that critical period. Dr. T. H. Morris proposed The Carnival Committee," and said that their efforts on behalf of the hospital merited the gratitude of the. whole of the Rhondda Valley. Mr. E. S. Williams, in responding, said he had been associated with the move- ment for several years, and never had he known a more loyal committee. Mr. Wil- liams submitted the following accounts of monies handed over to the hospital since the establishment of the carnival and sports: -1906, E109 7s. 6d. 1907, £ 210; 1908, zC272 10s. 1909, L310 10s. Mr. Williams attributed a large measure of their success to the. generous support of the ladies. Mr. T. Davies proposed The Presi- dent," and referring to him as the head of the Carnival Committee, said it would be impossible to go on without him at their head. It was his zeal and energy and the enthusiasm which he instilled into his committee that was the secret of their success. He not only had a hard-working committee, but he also sacri- ficed a lot of his own time (applause). Responding, Councillor Davies said he felt very grateful for the secretary's kind eulogium, which he. doubted whether he deserved (" Yes, yes "). It was true that he and a few friends started the carnival with the object of raising; funds towards the hospital—an institution which he very naturally loved (apulause). With the splendid co-operation of his commit- tee, he was glad to say that their efforts during their four years' labours had pro- vided the hospital with nearly £ 1,000. One hundred pounds had also been re- ceived by the hospital authorities which should have gone through the carnival channels, because Sir W. T. Lewis' sub- scription was due to the efforts of Mr. Michael Thomas, one of the committee's members. The president then handed to Alderman M. Williams a cheque for L300 and another for 10 guineas to provide a life governorship to Mr. Watts Morgan at the hospital. He expressed the hope that the money would be utilised for the better equipment of the hospital. Alderman Williams, in accepting the cheque, assured the chairman that the money would be wisely and economically spent. He further suggested that a new bed be equipped at the hospital in the name of the Carnival Committee, to commemorate their labour of love and sympathy with sufferers (applause). Mr. D. Watts Morgan submitted The I Visitors," which was responded to by Dr. Morris, Mardy, and Mr. T. E. Richards. The President thanked the Press for their support towards a worthy cause, and also Mr. and Mrs. Orchard, the host and hostess. The following contributed to an excel- lent programme:—Messrs. Wm. Davies, Moses Jenkins, and Mog. Evans. Mr. E. Evans presided at the piano.
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Medical Student s Success. I Brilliant Record- Very prominent among the list of suc- cessful candidates at the recent final medical examinations in London appears the name of Mr. W. Rees Thomas, bro- ther of Mr. E. Reece Thomas, L.T.S.C. (Pencerdd Brychan), Tylorstown, and of Mr. Edward R. Thomas, ironmonger and house furnisher, Caerphilly. His career has been one of remarkable success. He commenced his medical course at Univer- sity College, Cardiff, and in the three 'years during which he studied there he won the Alfred Sheen Prize and the Alfred Hughes Memorial Medal, and passed the Preliminary Scientific and Intermediate M.B. examinations of the University of London, in the latter obtain- ing distinction in Pharmacology. Pro- ceeding to London, Mr. Thomas wo-,& an University Scholarship of 75 guineas at Charing Cross Hospital, and later was level first for the Llewelyn Prize of L25. In October of this year he completed the M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. examination of the Conjoint Board of England, and in November obtained the M.B.B.S. (with honouns) of the University of London. We heartily congratulate Dr. Thomas, who is only 22, on his brilliant work, which is made more worthy in that he completed his medical course in minimum time.
Cocoa in the Christmas Hamper. I Christmas is drawing near, and soon many of our readersxwill be preparing small hampers for their friends, or to give to those who would not otherwise partici- pate in the joy of Christmas. In former years, when the value of Cocoa was less widely known, it was invariably the custom to include a pound of tea among the other articles in the yearly hamper. No doubt this was ¡ acceptable, but to-day a tin of Cocoa is often included by those who desire to give a, beverage of recognised food value-one that will do good and at the same time give pleasure to the recipients. There are many reasons why this should be so. A Cocoa, like Rowntree's, is an appetising drink, and a food too it is nourishing and sustaining, it warms and cheers. Besides, it has the delicious Rowntree Flavour, which would be much, appreciated by the recipients of these Christmas Hampers.
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language. This is a sine qua non from which we cannot depart. A great deal of our time must necessarily be devoted to Welsh reading and conversation. Eng- lish Sundays Schools are not troubled with this difficulty so that they can devote their time wholly to Bible teach- ing. And has it ever been shown that the English product (though they have more time to teach Scripture and morals) is superior or even equal to the Welsh product! Again, there are other questions which must touch us very closely. Our churches are highly democratic, composed mainly of working men. The working classes of Wales have contributed nobly towards the maintenance of our churches. The churches could have spent more on the Sunday Schools, it is true, but to expend what this new and ideal system may ask us, would possibly be. foisting a heavy charge upon them. As to cost per room, C7 for furniture and apparatus, let us say £ 20, so that each room, exclusive of the cost of the building, will have an initial cost of k27. Multiply this by the num- ber of rooms required, and add to that the cost of the whole building, and you will have some, idea of the cost of the enterprise. Is the product, that is, the kind of child turned out of these insti- tutions commensurate with the money spent P We write in a spirit of enquiry rather than of hostility. We should like an ex- pression of opinion upon the following points:— (1) Is it the business of Sunday Schools to devote its time to clay modelling and blackboard drawing? Have they the time to devote to such subjects? (2) Can our ordinary Sunday School carry out these methods? (3) Before committing ourselves to any foreign system, let us first be assured of the nature of its product, whether it is superior, mentally and spiritually, to that of our present system. (4) Would not the introduction of clay modelling, blackboard drawing and all the paraphernalia of modern education tend to Anglicise our Welsh Sunday Schools? It must be remembered that the termin- ology of these subjects would be English, and heaven knows there is enough Eng- lish in our Sunday Schools without intro- ducing more. There are certain points which require attention. We require a, greater rever- ence and sanctitiy in connection with our work; the discipline and the general tone needs strengthening; story-telling should be more general; there is need of a better presentation of the lessons; we need to get away from the traditional catechetical form of teaching and make it more individualistic we need more pictures-and those with Welsh type-for the purpose of illustration and conver- sation we need a reforming of our Union Committees and Sunday School Committees and place expert people upon them we need a children's literature and a hymnology. Let us secure these first and then set out on an ideal plan.