Great Free Church Demen- stration. The Budget from the Free Church Standpoint Alien Land Laws. The concluding meeting of the Free Church Council gatherings on Thursday evening at the Judge's Hall, Trealaw, was a magnificent one in every respect. The beautiful building was packed to overflowing with an enthusiastic audi- ence, who demonstrated their agreement with the sentiments expressed by the various speakers in rounds of vigorous hand-clapping. The address of Prof. Levi, who was correctly described by the chairman as one of the most brilliant young men of Wales;" was a splendid effort, combining shrewd wit, happy epigram, and forceful argument. This was one of the most noted pronounce- ments in the course of the sessions. The chair, in the unavoidable absence of Mabon, the appointed chairman, who was engaged at Derby on other business, was occupied by the Rev. Thos. Richards, the president of the Federation, whose first word was an expression of thanks to the local Free Church Council for their entertainment, to the trustees of the Judge's Hall for placing the hall at their disposal, and to Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Nicholas for the kindly reception given to the delegates on Wednesday afternoon. The Chairman said they were gathered together that evening as a body of Free Churchmen. Their differences were not fundamental, and were perhaps not so great as those at present existing in the Established Church. Each denomination had its own particular work to do. Per- sonally, he believed in denominationalism, and agreed with Mr. Lloyd George, who declared at Treorchv that denominations were necessary. It was natural that people who believed in the same way should gather together, and work to- gether. It was to the advantage of Christ's spiritual heritage that it should be divided into different communities, each working in its own particular way. He would, therefore, urge them to be true, not only to the Union, but also to the church they belonged to, as the Union could best be served by working ener- getically on behalf of the churches indi- vidually. They had a great work to do in counteracting the materialism of the age, in safeguarding our Sundays, and in fighting the drink traffic. They had also something to say with regard to religious equality. They would not seek the loaves and fishes of the Established Church, butj its emancipation from State control. They j demanded absolute fairness as between j individuals and individuals, and as be- ] tween institutions and institutions (ap-í plause). The Rev. D. Wynne Rees, Penmark, read a resolution passed at the after- noon's conference, deploring the abuse of the Sabbath, which was seconded by the Rev. E. Richards (Ebenezerf), and carried unanimously. PROF. LEVI'S BRILLIANT ADDRESS. Prof. T. A. Levi, M.A., B.C.L., Aber- ystwyth, spoke on "The Budget from the standpoint of the Free Churches." The Budget, said the Professor, was one of the most appropriate subjects that could be discussed at a Free Church meeting, because it had been brought into Parlia- I ment by a man who had been brought up? in a Christian Church, supported by a I Christian Church, and, he believed, a Budget which applied the principles of Christianity to the problems of the day (applause). Should they, therefore, desert the Chancellor now when he was being blasphemed almost everywhere P (" No "). He proposed that a message be sent from that meeting to Mr. Lloyd George in the following words —" God- speed to Mr. Lloyd George and his Budget (applause). Proceeding, Prof. Levi said he found at all Free Church meetings people who were apt to bar politics, as if they were afraid of it. People seemed to be in a di culty as to Socialism and Individual- ism, State matters and government gene- rally. Unless they got over these diffi- culties, he believed it would be a loss to the Free Church Councils. Politics was nothing more than a plan, an institution, to enable men to live the ebst possible life. They never need be afraid of politics in Free Churih meetings-he to enable men to live the best possible (hear, hear). The greatest need of the country to-day was Socialised Individual- ism, or Individualised Socialism. Their programme in the coming years would include adult suffrage, whereby every man over 21 years of age would have a vote, based upon character and not upon pro- perty. They also wanted to establish a system of education which would enable every child in the country to proceed from the elementary school to the univer- sity free of charge. They also wanted labour emancipation, the abolition as far as possible of unemployment, the estab- lishment of labour exchanges, and a national minimum wage. They also pro- posed to establish a system of insurance against sickness and incapacity of all sorts. Poverty in 70 per cent. of cases was due to causes over which men had no control. They also wanted to break up the Poor Law, and abolish work- houses, and put up in their places some- thing more worthy of the civilisation of the twentieth century (applause). They wanted to improve upon the present old age pensions scheme, and establish a better system of housing. More than all. they wanted to free the land (loud applause)..This, said the speaker, was the danger question of the day. What was wrong with the land system? It was not ours at all. It came over to Britain from abroad—brought over with a foreign invasion. It was an alien immigration, and the worst thing ever dumped into this country was landlordism (loud cheers). What had happened during the past hundred years? What if the people knew! Even he had to suffer for stating what lie ki-iew on this question. Some time ago, he addressed a meeting at Swansea on the land system, and a great lawyer of that town communicated with the college authorities, threatening to withdraw his subscription unless he (Prof. Levi) desisted from speaking upon the subject. He was threatened with instant removal from the college, but he would rather be removed ten times than cease to speak upon this question (land ap- plause). To-day, the land of England, intended by the Creator for all, was in the hands of a few, and it was not un- reasonable to think that some day some wealthy American would buy it all up. Forty millions of people in this country had no legal right to be on the surface of the land, and if they received notice to quit they would either have to fly up into the air, or dig down below. The result was a tragedy. The landlords held men and women in the hollow of their hands. He had known men and women in Cardiganshire receiving notice to quit their farms simply because they did not frequent the Church of England. If any- thing ever gave him (the speaker) a thrill, it was a sentence of Mr. Lloyd George's at Limehouse: This sort of thing is coming to an end now (loud applause). The poor man would be given a share in the land, and not a trespasser in the land of his birth. THE WAY OF THE BUDGET. Dealing with the question of how to raise the money for the objects he had enumerated as special subjects for legis- lation, the speaker said there were three ways. First, there was the Socialist way of making the rich pay for the poor, which was unfair, and which they as Free Churchmen could not consider. Secondly, there was Tariff Reform, making the poor pay for the rich, which was also ex- tremely unfair. Thirdly, there was the way indicated in the present Budget, where the rich did not pay for the poor, nor the poor for the rich. but each man paid according to his ability (applause). The only fault he found with the Budget was its extreme moderation. It made gifts to the capitalist class all along the line. Dealing with the valuation of land pro- posals, Prof. Levi said these were at the root of the great outcry against the Budget. Personally, lie would like to see every landlord obliged to value his own land. If he valued it too high, he should
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Doan's Investigations Continued TONYPANDY WOMAN COMES FORWARD. Our recent announcement, that we were arranging to conduct an enquiry into Doan's numerous local cases, has met with the widespread appreciation of our readers. To-day, a well-known Tonypandy resident comes forward and gives her personal ex- perience, which she authorises us to pub- lish for the benefit of others. Mrs. S. B.Slocombe, whose address is 36, Bank Street, Penygraig, near Tony- pandy, says —" Although I had treatment by two doctors for bladder and kidney complaint, it failed to do me good, and at one time my life was despaired of. Day after day I grew weaker, and I got so weak and ill at last that I thought I could not live. I had fearful pains in my shoulders and loins, and I was unable to control the kidney secretions. When in bed I would turn from one side to the other, getting no sleep. At times my back felt as if it would break. I was advised to use Doan's Backache Kidney Pills, and as I had read good accounts of them, I made up my mind to do so, hardly daring to hope for ease, much less a cure, for so many other medi- cines had failed. The first box of Doan's pills did not relieve me, but I decided to give them a fair trial, and when I had taken three boxes I felt easier the water began to pass more freely and without pain, and I could control it. "My recovery was slow, but it was noticeable, and I felt better as each box of the pills was finished. I took a thorough course of the medicine, and from a weak and sickly state of health, and has saved me from hours of misery. I gladly give permission for these facts to be published, for I feel I cannot sufficiently express my gratitude to Doan's pills for what they have done for me." Over 4 years after telling of her cure, Mrs. Slocombe said: I am sure there is no better remedy for kidney and bladder trouble than Doan's pills. Since I used them I have only had attacks of backache, but the pills quickly put me right again." Doan's Backache Kidney Pills are two shillings and ninepence per box, or six boxes for thirteen shillings and ninepence. Of all chemists and stores, or post free direct from the Foster-McClellan Co., 8, Wells Street, Oxford Street, London. W. Be sure you get the same kind of pills as Mrs. Slocombe had. 4906a
Trealaw. The funeral of the late Mr. Thomas Davies, the eldest and only surviving son of the late Thomas Davies, Maesyrhif, T'realaw, and brother of Mrs. William Morgan, took place on Thursday last at Soar, Ffrwdamos, Burial Ground, Peny- graig, the Rev. D. 0. Jones officiating. The mourners included Mr. and Mrs. William Morgan, Maesyrhaf (brother-in- law and sister) Messrs. Ivor Morgan, London, and Sidney Morgan (nephews); Miss Annie Morgan (niece) Mrs. Thomas, Trealaw (niece); Mrs. Roberts (niece) and family; Mr. J. D. Williams, J.P., Clydach Court; Mr. Howell Llewellyn; Mr. W. B. Davies, Pencoed; and Mr. T. Bevan. Pencoed. There was a large attendance, of the general public, among whom we noticed Alderman Richd. Lewis, J.P., Mr. D. W. Davies, J.P., Mr. D. E. Davies (solicitor, Cardiff), Mr. D. W. James (solicitor, Tonypandy), Mr. D. Charles (builder), Mr. D. Charles (Dun- raven Hotel, Tonypandy), Mr. Thomas Morris (Trealaw), Mr. Metford (Cross Keys Hotel) Mr. J. R. Evans (Pandy Square), and Mr. J. Davies (De Winton I Hotel).
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Ambulance Circrnt at Ynyshir It is rarely that a treat is provided locally on the scale of the concert on Wednesday last under the auspices of the Ynyshir Division of the St. John Ambu- lance Brigade. The Workmen's Hall held a very large audience, which clearly appreciated the high class of music pro- vided. Almost every number was voci- ferously applauded and encored, and the artistes readily responded to the calls. The soprano was Miss Evangeline Florence, a veritable nightingale, whose delightful voice and charm of manner gave extreme enjoyment. Miss Florence gave Serenade (Gounod), with violin obligato, in the first portion of the pro- gramme. and two other striking ren- ditions in the second part. Mr. Henry Gurney was the tenor, and he held his audience at times spellbound with his wonderfully flexible voice and artistic rendering. "For you alone" (Gheel), "Hamid's Song" (Mark Gould), "Deeper and deeper still," Waft her angels," and The song the angels sing (Emerson James) were Mr. Gurney's contributions to the programme. Mr. Emlyn Davies was accorded a good ovation, and sang in a manner that elicited high praise. Mr. Davies is a baritone well worth hearing and graced the party. A violinist that takes his audience by storm is Senor Jose Soler Gomez. His clever extraction of fine exquisite music from his instrument gives cause for admiration, and to use a common expression, he almost made his violin talk." Senor Gomez played a num- ber of good pieces, including one or two of his own composition. The accompanist was Miss Margaret Murray, to whom praise in an especial degree is due for her accomplished playing of the piano. The programme also included duets, trios, &c., all of a high order. Alderman Morgan Williams presided, and made an appeal to the people generally to give encouragement to the ambulance move- ment. It was a splendid thing to see so many young men taking up the study of first-aid so as to be ready to give assist- ance to their fellow-workmen who had met with an accident.
The Housing Question. Conference at Pentre. A joint meeting of the Trades and Labour Councils of the two Rhonddas took place at the Ton Institute on Friday, the 19th inst., at 7 p.m., to discuss and arrange respecting the housing question in the. Rhondda. Councillor T. Harries, Tylorstown, was voted to the chair, and in the course of his opening remarks gave very valuable information respecting the matter under consideration. He stated that statistics proved that housing accommodation was not so limited as it had been at times in the Rhondda, and the following figures were cited as showing the average persons per house for the periods stated: —In 1861, persons per house. 5.4; 1871, 6.2; 1881, 6; 1891, 6.5- 1901, 5.92; and in 1908, 5.7. Still, there. was undoubted overcrowding in the Rhondda. The representatives of the various Councils represented gave a synopsis of the work which had been done by each Council in respect to the matter. An excellent discussion ensued, and it was ultimately decided that each Council choose a number of representatives to meet a month hence, and confer as to the best steps to be taken to bring this urgent matter before the Urban Autho- rity, with a view to having it remedied, the investigations in the meanwhile to be further pursued.
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Federation of Free Church Councils. I Meetings at Tonypandy. Great Speeches by Nonconformist Leaders. The Eastern Division of South Wales and Monmouthshire Federation of Free Church Councils held their autumnal meetings in Mid-Rhondda during the past week. The opening service-a meeting for young people—was held on Tuesday even- ing at the Judge's Hall, Trealaw; when the president of the local Council, Mr. Owen Buckley, occupied the chair and presided over a good attendance, and said that his first word was one of congratu- lation at having the beautiful hall placed at their disposal. He thought the ser- vice then being held was the first, strictly speaking, religious service held in the edifice. He was proud of the position of the Free Church Council in Mid-Rhondda, and as they looked back at the work done during the past twelve months they would find that they had proved their existence and had been a mighty moral force. He hoped the meetings would be a great sanctifying benefit, and that all the dele- gates would receive fresh inspiration and courage. The Rev. Thomas Richards, Newport, the president of the Eastern Division of the Free Church Council, said that one of the greatest ecclesiastical movements of the last century was the growth of a very real union between the Free Churches of this country. At one time there was a great deal of quarrelling and unholy rivalry between the various churchgo But he was thankful that that time was gone, and as churches they had learned a great lesson, and instead of being like so many pleasure boats vieing with one another for mastery, they were like life- boats trying to save lives. As a Congre- gationalist, he might say that his body might have been one of the greatest sinners in that respect (laughter). At one time they had called themselves Independents, but they no longer called themselves by that name. Never- theless, they felt they were independent, because they were independent of State control and independent of the priest. As Free Churchmen thev did not want to quarrel with those who called them Dissenters and Nonconformists. They were quite willing to be called by those terms, because they dissented from the view that the State had any claim on the Church of Jesus Christ, and they pro- tested against anyone becoming between them and God. The speaker then urged all present to hold on to the faith of their fathers. Unbelief, he said, had never done anything to rescue the fallen. Castles could not be built on bog, neither could character be built upon doubt and uncertainty. If his hearers, he said, would read the lives of John Howard, William Wilberforce, Robert Browning, and Tennyson, and a thousand others, they would find that they were all men of true belief (applause). The Rev. H. M. Jones, M.A., Ton, also addressed the meeting in Welsh. WEDNESDAY'S MEETINGS. On Wednesday afternoon, the first business sessions of the Federation were held at the English Wesleyan Church, Tonypandy, and at 5.15 p.m. a reception to the delegates was given by Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Nicholas, The Gartn, Tre- alaw, when a welcome to the Federation was given by the Rhondda Urban Dis- trict Council, who were represented by Councillor Thos. Thomas (chairman) and Councillor Ben Davies (vice-chair- man), A welcome was also extended by the local Free Church Council, the Revs. M. H. Ellis and E. Richards speaking on their behalf. Light refreshments and music were provided during the proceed- ings. The Rev. Thomas Richards, New- port, in proposing a vote of thanks to Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas for their kindness in entertaining the delegates and their friends, said that there were 74 Free Church Councils represented, comprising a total of 2,000 chapels and 200,000 mem- bers. INDUCTION OF REV. SETH JOSHUA AS MISSIONER. A large gathering assembled at the Judge's Hall on Wednesday night, when the induction of the Rev. Seth Joshua as special missioner took place, the Rev. Thomas Richards, Newport, presiding. In his opening address, the Chairman said they were met together on a very important matter. That evening's ser- vice was the most important of the series, and it was a most solemn occa- sion. They were setting apart a brother for evangelical work amongst the Free Churches, who would be going as a mis- sioner under the direct auspices of the District Federation. The Rev. Seth Joshua was a man. continued the chair- man, who had already proved himself a very efficient servant of the Lord Jesus Christ, and had been a most mighty instrument in the hand of God through- out Wales. The Rev. Principal W. Edwards, D.D., Cardiff, said they were cutting new soil by publicly setting apart the Rev. Seth Joshua as missioner for the Free Church Federation. He had known Mr. Joshua from childhood, and of his great passion for souls. He brought to the missioner the congratulations of his denomination. He hoped the time would soon come when the Federation would be able to put a dozen missioners into the field, as with such a large population there was plenty of scope for work. The people had been saying they wanted a leader. Tell them," said the speaker, "that the Christian Church has a Leader; tell them the Leader has come tell them that that Leader is the Lord Jesus Christ." Chris- tians must become workers, and the churches must become the leaders of all social movements and come to close quar- ters with the masses in the spirit of the Master. Let us face the future," con- cluded the speaker, with our faces towards the sun, and the dial of the world will not turn backwards. Christ is with us, the future is on our side, and the golden age is not past, but will soon come. We have been sowing in tears, but we will sing with joy the song of harvest home (applause).
-\<— t</ THEY CVRE IHXHM WHm tJTIIERSFA/L THOUSANDS OF ■ f to me 7*sT £ Itoothvacre A?P-I ■ ■ J. life— Ma^NtUKALO A HHkiiuwiu>i.vu TJ X/W 3TOX £ S. I POWDERS^ Promptly Arrest Quinsy and Col s.
The Rev. Seth Joshua then addressed the meeting, and said he felt like stand- ing at the cross roads of life, and about to strike out into new pathways. He had been asked what would he do when the end of the three years for which he had been engaged by the Federation came to an end. His reply was that God would still be alive, and while He was living all problems would be solved. While God was on the throne, it was well to take Him into count. One of the greatest luxuries a man could enjoy, said the missioner, was the leading of men to Christ. It was worth living and dying for. He believed the country was going to be blessed and waves of revival would spread over the land. The Rev. R. Emrys Jones. Penygraig, also gave a very inspiring address. At 10 p.m. a procession was formed at the Judge's Hall, and headed by the Salvation Army Brass Band, proceeded to Jerusalem Chapel. The Sherwood Primitive Methodist Mission Band also marched to the chapel, leaving Sherwood at 10.15 p.m. A stop-tap service fol- lowed at Jerusalem, a large number being present. The meeting was presided over by the missioner. THURSDAY'S MEETINGS. The meetings were continued on Thurs- day morning with a devotional meeting at Jerusalem Chapel, Llwynypia. This was followed by, a women's meeting at Bethel (E.B.) Chapel, presided over by Mrs. W. Ambrose Williams, the chief speaker being Mrs. (Principal) Edwards, Cardiff. -A large number of ladies at- tended. The second session of the Federation took place at 11 o'clock at Jerusalem Chapel, when reports of various commit- tees were dealt with. In the afternoon at 2.30, the conclud- ing session was held, the chair being taken by the Rev. Thomas Richards, pre- sident of the Federation. Resolutions dealing with various subjects were sub- mitted to the meeting. The Rev. E. Richards, Tonypandy, in proposing a resolution in support of Dis- establishment, said that the conference then being held desired to enter its emphatic protest" against the continuance of the State Church in Wales, and they wanted absolute equality in religious matters. They believed in the sincerity of the Government, and would pledge themselves to support it in its conflict with the House of Lords. This was seconded by Mr. Howell Howells, Treorchy, who said that there must shortly be either a disestablishment or a revolt. The Rev. David Davies, Penarth, thought the question of Disestablishment should be raised above mere politics, and should be made a national movement. The Rev. D. J. Evans, Pontygwaith, said he wished to enter a protest against the introduction of political matters into the Federation meetings. The work of the Free Church Council, he said, was purely spiritual, and matters like the Budget and Disestablishment were poli- tical affairs. He considered it would be a sad day when religion was not recog- nised by the State. The resolution was carried with only one dissentient. The Rev. D. E. Williams, of Newport, moved a, resolution expressing the joy of the Federation at the growth of the Brotherhood Movement. This was seconded by Mr. Herbert Price, Penarth, and carried. The Rev. T. Pandy John submitted a resolution expressing the Federation's appreciation of the Government's efforts in trying to bring the education problem to a solution. Mr. Morris Morris, Ferndale, seconded, and the resolution was carried. The Rev. D. W. Howell, Pencoed, sub- mitted a, resolution protesting against the continued atrocities in the Congo, which was carried unanimously. The Anglo-German Peace Treaty was the subject of a resolution moved by th« secretary, the Rev. Wm. Davies. The Rev. D. Wynne Rees, Perimark, submitted a resolution dealing with the desecration of the Sabbath, and said that they viewed with alarm Sunday excur- sions, playing of golf, the unjust use of the bona-fide clause of the Sunday Closing Act, &c. The resolution was adopted. The next item was a presentation to Mr. Herbert Price, Penarth, the late secretary of the Federation, on his resig- nation aft, four years' energetic services as secretarry. The President, in making the presen- tation, which took the form of an I illuminated address, spoke of the good work done by Mr. Price on behalf of the Free Church Council. Mr. Price feelingly responded. Prof. Levi then rendered an account of the work done by him iji visiting various centres on behalf of the Fede- ration. He stated that 29 places had been visited, and 49 addresses delivered.
| be" taxed on that;, if too low, it should be bought for the community (applause). I John Stuart Mill pleaded for a valuation of the land forty years ago. If the land had been valued then, the whole of the National Debt 'would have been paid out of unearned increment. But better late than never, and a start was to be made now. It was 204 years since the land had j been valued in this country, and the landlords were paying on a valuation which was ) TWO CENTURIES OUT OF DATE. After dealing with the other proposals of the Budget, the speaker said that the question of all questions at present was, Whether the Budget would pass." They read in the New Testament of a rich man who was told to sell all he had and give to the poor. All the Budget asked the rich men of this country was one or two per cent., and there had been such a howl as had never been heard before in the land. But at the prow of the ship of State stood the calm figure of Mr. Lloyd George—(cheers)—like Nelson in the Battle of Trafalgar, and his motto was almost the same as Nelson's, Eng- land expects every man to pay his duty (laughter and applause). Let us have an end of this House of j Lords," concluded the speaker. "We 1 have been warned against it by the three i? greatest men in the history of the country -once by Oliver Cromwell, once by William Pitt the younger, and lastly by Mr. Gladstone (applause). It has fallen upon our shoulders to settle the account with the House of Lords" (applause). REV. EVAN JONES. The Rev. Evan Jones, Carnarvon (pre- sident of the National Free Church ICouncil), in a brief Welsh speech, said t tha:t sometimes they might be blamed for o introducing politics into Free Church [Council gatherings. There was, however, ,tat times a religious phase of politics, and |there was also a political phase of reli- gious questions. At the same time, there :was a strict line of demarcation between them. One great difference between ^politics and religion was that # in the Hatter there could be no compulsion from ithe State. Religious matters concerned a man and his Maker alone, and he main- tained that the churches, as such, should .not interfere in matters Dolitical. At the -same time, he denied the right of the rState to interfere in matters concerning the Church. He revered and honoured 'King Edward as much as any man, but when he, on the advice of his Ministers, ;took steps to appoint the head of the Church, he (the speakert) said. Hands off (applause). His friend (Prof. Levi) had advised them to stand up for the Budget. He (the speaker) urged them to stand up for Jesus (applause). Wales owed her position to-day to her religion, and every man would do his duty in the present crisis if he acted according to his conscience (applause).