BOURNVILLIi [ GIP-, GARDEN VILIE The factory workers of Iy -3 jfifli been given not only go/ ^A?t, fftrl houses, but the most amp7 <>0 *3 fT" moting their own and/ b'X'S it 7- health and well-being. J a jfej|r JgS^Sj is a recreation ground/ AtW carefully kept walks vf Jq ^J> # kW spacious lawns where,/ QK Q In the pavilion, besitf °Oq^ /not be^o^f courts, the seniors *? £ /from a by two expenenc/ demonstrated by f" ? I?"663 °f 0J» -6>* /number of Press rnLT3 a Wy C* „ /sited their famous compulsory, anf *(.9 b SS^ wi? ■ "*> **t /toryis bv no ™s mmg bath uJ n /is to the very workers 700J A Op /beauty spot in a region swim For/ 0O^ L a synonym for « eye- ground of i/ Q; Jjpry /s for miles round from air swnmr/ Q*1 /ed walls that give the Here the/ air oi picturesque castle swimmin/ «3fV» j /se to the gardens of the club, anJ to» /ir masses of many coloured hundre/ /f ant' ^heir trim rows of Sw lr *kat when a vacancy occurs 16 /ile the applications are ten or at work yO /nes in excess of the demand, fectionery in bewi is certainly the workers' para- tmng is scrupulously cl its girl hands, as Mr. Cad bury ous workrooms get an a un h known for miles round as Cad- light. ngels." u r OS F#ADE AT BOURNVILLE
-r_' Welsh Baptist Union rletings at Treorchy. Evils of Boxing. iIJ Presentation to Dr. Morris. Although the Welsh Baptist Union meetings at Treorchy were opened on Monday evening by the Chancellor of the Exchequer's presidential speech (reported elsewhere), the real business portion did not commence till Tuesday morning, the Rev. T. E. Williams (vice-president) in the chair. Mr. J. P. Gibbon (Maesteg) submitted to the conference a statement of accounts, which showed receipts on revenue account £ 187, in respect of Bangor and Cardiff Colleges C209, and book-room £ 130. It was explained that the last item showed a deficit, the expenditure in connection with the book-room being £ 159. Taking the accounts on the whole, the financial position showed an indebtedness of L177 to the bank, as compared with a deficit of L185 a year ago. With the view of wiping off this debt, it was suggested that a levy of a halfpenny per member should be made. Mr. Evan Owen, J.P., contended that the accounts to some extent were mis- leading, and he suggested that a change should be made in the system, as, for example, an arrangement to make the Union secretary's salary an inclusive one. He also queried how and by whom the money was invested which brought in an income of t209 to the colleges. Mr. Gibbon read the report of the auditor, Mr. Gwilym Treharne, in which it was stated that one-third of the Welsh Churches had not contributed towards the fund during the year. It was explained by the chairman and secretary that the money referred to was derivable from the sum allocated out of the Baptist Twentieth Century Fund for ministerial education. The report having been adopted, The Rev. Principal Edwards, D.D. (Cardiff), gave notice that next year he would move that the money utilised for ministerial education be transferred from the authorities in London to trustees appointed by the Welsh Baptist Union.
Boxing Exhibitions. Principal Edwards proposed a long resolution relative to public morals, in which particular reference was made to the recent boxing matches. In effect, the rev. gentleman's resolution was that the conference greatly deplored the con- tinued prevalence of many evils, such as drunkenness and gambling, and noted, especially with deep disgust and intense sorrow the increasing, interest and the amazing popularity" among a large section of the community or degrading sports such as pugilism, the effect of which must be most demoralising, espe- cially to the youth of the country." It brought about a low ideal when the ex- ponents of this brutal art were lifted into the category of heroes, and when the gruesome and repulsive details" of the fights were chronicled at inordinate length in bold type and in the most pro- minent columns of the secular Press, and the effect must be the creation of low morals and the arotusing of the worst passions. The resolution further called for more stringent laws to deal with various evils—entire Sunday closing and local veto, as well as the enforcement in every locality of the Children Act, which, it was feared, was not adopted in many districts; the raising of the age of pro- tection of girls from sixteen to eighteen, if not twenty; the making of gambling illegal anywhere and everywhere, not only in the streets, but in high places; and the repression of pugilistic exhibi- tions as being dangerous to the well- being of society. The conference also called upon the owners of halls (such as that at Mountain Ash) to forbid their use for the purpose of boxing. Principal Edwards added that it was to be fervently hoped that these sports, which, he said, degraded Wales, should be banished, and that Wales should yet remain to be the most Christian country on the face of the earth, and not the home of Continental Sundays and the battleground of pugilism. The resolution was carried amidst applause.
Presentation to Dr. Morris. In the evening, a largely attended meeting was held at Noddfa Chapel, When addresses were delivered by the Rev. H. V. Thomas, Manchester, on "Nonconformity of the Twentieth Cen- tury and by the Rev. Peter Jones, Colwyn Bay, on The Resources of the Church to meet the Needs of the Age." An interesting part of the proceedings was the presentation made by the Rhondda Baptist Churches to the Rev. W. Morris. ° D to mark the completion of the rev gentleman's forty years' pastorate of Noddfa Church. The presentation took the form of an illuminated albuia dteIø, and it is in- tended to found a Dr. Morris Scholarship at the Baptist College. The Rev. O. Waldo. James, D.D., had The Rev. O. Waldo James, D.D., had drafted the address commemorative of the occasion, in which the work of the Rev. Dr. Morris was eulogised. The services of the rev. gentleman in reli- gious and educational matters were speci- fically referred to, with an acknowledg- ment of what he had done in consection with elementary and secondary educa- tion, and also in calling attention to the dangers of university life. Reference was also made to the evidence given by Dr. Morris before the Royal Commission on the Church in Wales, and in religious matters emphasis was laid on the great services rendered by the rev. gentleman, and it was stated that since his advent to the Rhondda Valley no less than 42 new Baptist chapels had been established. The formal presentation was made by Mr. E. George, Porth, while an eloquent speech was delivered by the Rev. E. W. Davies. Considerable enthusiasm pre- vailed, and the rev. gentleman very feelingly acknowledged the gifts and kindly remarks made. The presentation was a beautifully illuminated album address, designed and executed by Messrs. Evans and Short, printers, Tonypandy, in full morocco bind- ing, with gold tooling on front. It com- prised six leaves, profusely illustrated, gilt edges, satin backed, each leaf en- closed in cream sunk mount, Dr. Morris' embossed monogram in gold and colours on vellum sunk opening on cover, 11 photographs, including Dr. Morris, Mrs. Morris, Noddfa Chapel, and the branch churches. Total size 9t x 12J, and lj inches thick. The whole was handsomely got up and presented an imposing appear- ance. The photos were supplied by Messrs. John Devonald. Tom John, and D. J. Ryan, all of Treorchy.
Odlau Pricdasol I Mr. Ben Daviesl, Blaenycwm, a Miss Martha Griffiths, Treherbert. Helo, Mr. Davies, Fe'th ddaliwyd yn hapus, Yn ol dy ewyllys, Wrth allor sterch Ihii- Ond toraist y rhwydau A'r euraidd gortynau, Hoff glwb yr hen lanciau Yn chwilfriw tra man. Rhyw sibrwd a glywir Yn mysg yr hen frodyr, Ond pan y dywedir Priodi a wnest. Mae urdd y gymdeithas Yn plygu mewn urddas 0 flaen dy briodas A phardwn a gest. Ond cofier fod urddas Y nef ar briodas, Anrhydedd cymdeithas, A drefnodd ein Tad Gwnaeth Martha'n rhagorol Dy ddal mor ddymunol, Mewn rhwydau gorswynol, Anfarwol barhad. Ond cofia di, Benni, Dy fod yn dyrchafu, Trwy undeb priodi. Miss Griffiths; hardd, Ion; Bu llawer yn ceisio 0 wirfodd ei rhwydo, Ond niethui a llwyddo Rhoi saeth dan ei bron. Ti lwyddaist i daflu Saeth Cupid dan wenu Yn swynol, heb fethu, I'w chalon yn syth A phlygu wnaeth hithau 0 galon i'th freichiau, A rhwymyn serchiadau Yw'r fodrwy am byth. Boed asur ffurfafen Eich hoes yn ddisgleirwen, ffyrdd yn orlawen Trwy' r grythen a chan; Cyd-gario dan ganu Y croesau ddaw fyny, A chariad yn llosgi Pob rhwystr yn lan. Boed ffawd yn eich dilyn. A llwyddiant fel emyn, Tra'ch llwybrau yn esgyn Ei riniaui hardd Ef: Caed allor i'r Iesu Ar aehfryd y teulu, A mawl yn dyrchafu Hyd entrych y nef. BRYNHOGYN.
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Mr. Dennis Hird, M A,, at Ton. Protest against Senor Ferrer's Death. At the Workmen's Hall on Sunday, Mr. Dennis Hird, M.A., late principal of Ruskin College, delivered two lectures under the auspices of the Pentre I.L.P. In the afternoon, Mr. Hird spoke on The Art of Making a Nation." The chair was taken by Mr. Tom Evans, a late student of Ruskin College. Prior to the afternoon's and evening's addresses, the following resolution was put to the meeting and carried unanimously: That this meeting joins its voice with that of sensible and humane Europe in protesting against the dastardly action of the Spanish authorities in putting, to death so infamously one of the noblest and most progressive of citizens, Senor Ferrer." In the afternoon and evening, Mr. Hird referred to the action of the Spanish Government in executing a man merely for thinking. In his address on the art of making a nation, the speaker said that man had learnt how to do many things, but the chief thing of all we had not yet done, viz., how to make men. There was no ideal set before us. Under the present condition of things, the price for life was far too high. Starvation and disease were not necessary. Medical science could easily reduce the amount of disease prevalent to one-half. Governments were all failures. Party government was wrong. Our present system of poor houses, &c., was a blot upon civilisation. We would owe something to the Suffra- gists for prison reform in time to come. The speaker suggested a remedy for all this, which was more knowledge directed to a definite end. Evolution was the best key to the riddle of the universe. He would begin with the children, and give them a scientific education. He regretted that there was no day school which taught evolution. Men know how to rear a prize sheep, but five million children in our land were left more or less to struggle on. In closing, the speaker said, You could do this; you know how to do it. and you are the people to do it. Now is the time to begin." In the evening's meeting, the chair was taken by Mr. Noah Ablett, a late student at Ruskin College. Mr. Hird dealt with "Is Socialism True to the Virtues?" In speaking of virtues and Socialism, the speaker said he meant them in their widest possible sense. His definition of Socialism was—Reason applied to the life of the community for the good of the whole community. If there was no society, there would be no morality. Morality was a social function, and favoured public welfare. Vice was against this. Virtues were changeable, and were due to customs and ideals which individual men formed. The lecturer con- fined himself to the four virtues—wis- dom, justice, courage and temperance. All virtues, he said, had been acquired. Goodness was made by mankind. No child was born into this world with a conscience. The capacity of ordinary children varied very little. What varied was the opportunity. Under Socialism, children would continue their education some yeai's more than they do at pre- sent. In speaking on courage, the lec- turer said he did not mean bravery in facing death, as in the pit. There was a higher courage than this. If a man changed his opinion's, and thought a little for himself, he was boycotted and persecuted. The present state of things manufactured intelligent immoral hypo- crites.
x [ J Clean and:Dainty I j Home gakirjg. /i It is light work for dainty hands to mix i J j part of 'Paisley Flour' to 8 parts of ordinary I flour in a dry state. I I if d°ne no matter I » WJmJw what other ingredients are 1\ added after, you can leave IJK Paisley Flour to do its \LJ^yl!§ work of raising thoroughly ™ and be sure of light and t w is we^ ra'se<^ ca^es" "Paisley ml Flour" sure raising t\\#mv*\l' powder Aw wv\\ W U1 's sold in yd., 3/^d., and -=:
Pentre Ratepayers' Assoclatian To the Editor of the Rhondda Leader." Sir,—In your detailed report of last District Council meeting, certain remarks were made regarding the Pentre Rate- payers' Association by Dr. Thomas which we cannot allow to pass by unchallenged, as they are inaccurate. Before doing so, we take this opportunity through the Press of thanking the council ror ttieir courtesy and kindness in dealing with our applications. We should like to know what is meant by Dr. Thomas' assertion that the Association consists of two or three people? It has been his policy for the last three years to ignore all appli- cations made by this Association. We are proud of the fact that this Associa- tion is the pioneer in the Valley; and to-day, to emphasise the fact that in- creased interest is taken in municipal matters, Ratepayers' Associations have been formed at T'reorchy and Penygraig, while at Mid-Rhondda and Porth the Chambers of Trade are fulfilling the function, of a Ratepayers' Association, which, united for mutual advantages, no District Councillor will be able to ignore. If any doubt exists as to the genuineness of our Association, we shall be pleased to show our books to any impartial and un- biassed tribunal, and we hope that in the future our requests will be met with fair- ness even by our opponents. The Asso- ciation has not been formed to act in direct opposition to the Council, but is used as a medium by the members to ventilate genuine; grievances, in which spirit we trust our District Councillors will take fame.-You,rs truly, DANIEL THOMAS. Chairman.
Clydach Vale Hauliers After the meeting of the Conciliation Board on Saturday, a deputation of the Clydach Vale hauliers attended a meet- ing of the Council of the Miners' Fede- ration with respect to the notices that had been. tendered at that colliery in con- sequence of the dispute with the manage- ment. After discussion, Messrs. Onions, Hartshorn, and W. Harris were appoin- ted a deputation to interview the Cam- brian owners and workmen witk m view to effecting a getttootent.
I Porth Higher Grade School College of Preceptors' Examin- ation Hesuits. The results of the pupils entered during the past year for the Welsh Matriculation and the College of Preceptors' Examina- tions have been most gratifying. In the Welsh Matriculation, four pupils. were successful, three being placed in the First Division and one in the Second. Con- sidering the large number of failures throughout Wales in this examination, the success of the pupils of this school, as they all entered at a very early age, is the more pleasing to the headmaster, Mr. J. S. Grant, M.A., and his excellent staff. In the College of Preceptors' Examina- tion. forty-two pupils passed, fifteen being placed in the Junior or Second Class and twenty-seven in the Third. Distinctions were obtained in chemistry, arithmetic, algebra, Eingiish and Welsh. WELSH .-Li ,v. i J.A j lo. First Division: Goronwy Ivor Thomas (Ynyshir), Ethel Maud Davies (Ynyshir), and Lily Maud Grant (Porth). Second Division: Edith Maud Morgan (Penygraig). PUPIL TEACHERS' ENTRANCE EXAMINATION. John P. Williams. Goronwy Thomas, Daniel E. Evans, Rupert J. Oriel, Mary Reynolds, Rachel S. Morgan, Margaret H. Jones, Elizabeth Pugsley. Ceridwen J -Price, Blodwen Edwards, Ceinwen Herbert, Margaret M. Davies, Jane Lewis, and Margaret A. Lewis. COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS. Junior Gertificate.-Passed in ten sub- jects Maggie Morgan and Catherine -Davies. Passed in nine subjects: Idris Johns, Ruby Thomas, Letitia- Williams, and Alma Gibbon. Passed in eight sub- jects: Glanffrwd Thomas, Gwilym Jones. Gladys Griffiths, Katie Davies, Rhianedd Griffiths, and Ceinwen Herbert. Passed in seven subjects: Thomas P. Williams and Evan T. Lloyd. Passed in six sub- jects Dorothy Protheroe. Third Class.—Passed in eight subjects Lily Morgan, A. Evans, 0. Alexander, B. L. Evans, M. A. Thomas, D. F. Davies, Ebenezer Thomas, D. Absalom, A. J. Bowden, and G. Wilkes. Passed in seven subjects: EL Williams, E. Bevan M. A. Martyn, M. Evans, R. C. Llew- ellyn, and Eirwyn Thomas. Passed in six subjects E. F. McGinn. May Robins, B..M. Reels, C. Towell, J. C. Evans, E. Evans, 1. R. Jones, and D. W. Farr. Passed in five subjects: Winnie Parry, M. Williams, and G. Fell.
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Football, ASSOCIATION. TON 3.gls., BARRY DOCK ALBIONS 2. These teams met on the Ynys on Thursday in the qualifying round of the Welsh Cup competition. Ton, to all appearances, took things too easily. Just before half-time the seasiders were the first to open the scoring. A ishort time afterwards Reed equalised for the home- sters. Play from now on became- a little more attractive, and Tom Davies and Parry each put in a goal to Ton's account. Just before the final toot of the whistle, LewitSi netted for the visitors. No doubt the Ton supporters were sur- prised at the display of their pets. Still, it should be remembered that Treharris were to be met on the Saturday, and perhaps this accounts for Ton's moderate display. It would not be well to individualise. with the exception of Roberts for Ton, whose play was above that of his confreres. CWMPARC & TREORCHY UNITED 4gls., MILFORD 0. ^T'his- South Wales League match at Milford had been anticipated with some amount of trepidation by the Rhondda eleven, as the Pembrokeshire men are very hot stuff on their ground and have triumphed over some of the best South Wales organisations. A tremen- dous amount of milage was covered to fulfil the fixtiire, but H'narently the physical powers of the Rhondda brigade were not affected, for they achieved a substantial victory bv brilliant football. Both in attack and defence they excelled, Peake, Dicky Jones, Thoman and J. Evans Ter scoring after clever movements. The trickiness of Peake and George and Dicky Jones was much admired. Mitchell was the star half-back of the game, while the defence of Parton, Goode, and Harry Jones was impregnable. Next Saturday will be the Derby Dav of Rhondda Soccer, for Ton-Pentre and Cwmparc and Treorchy United meet at Cwmparc. The United have a ground record to maintain, which Ton will doubt- less go all the way to break. The kick- off is timed for 3.30, and Mr. Battv, Merthyr, will referee. Cwmparc will be represented by the same team as did so well at Milford. GELLI 2gls., YNYSHIR CRESCENTS 2. i Played at Ynyshir on Tuesday, before a. good crowd. Ynyshir started off with a nice dribble and very soon pressed the visitors in their own quarters1, and from a pass Richards scored for Ynyshir. From the restart the Crescents again scored through Mays. The Crescents were lead- ing by two goals at half-time. On the restart, the Gelli forwards went away with a rush, but were repelled by some excellent kicking by Phillips, the Crescents' back. They were, however, not to be denied, and scored two splendid goals through Britton. The pick of both teams were their full-backs. MARDY lgi., LEWIS MERTHYR JUNIORS 0. The above teams met on Monday at the Mardy Football Field, the visitors being defeated by one goal. The game was very keenly contested from beginning to end, and it was most unfortunate that the only goal scored against Lewis Mer- thyr was put in bv their own half-back. Still, the result fairly represents the game. TREHARRIS lgl., LEWIS MERTHYR 0 A very pretty game was witnessed between the above teams on Saturday last, in a Rhymney Valley League en- counter. Treharris forced the game, but all their efforts were neutralised by the splendid defence of their opponents. They did not have all their own way either, for Trehafod narrowly missed scoring on more than one occasion. However, with a determined effort, in which all the for- wards took part, Treharris found the net with a beauty, and certainly obtained a well-deserved goal. The Hafod boys en- deavoured to equalise with some brilliant attempts, but without good results. TONYPANDY THURSDAYS JUNIORS 3gls., BLAENCLYDAOH ROVERS RESERVES 0. This match was played on Thursday last, before a fair crowd, at Llwynypia, the Thursdays being the superior team. The game was almost at their mercy from start to finish. The scorers were A. Bishop (2) and A. Davies. The pick of the visiting team were Britten and Lowe.
RUGBY, TREHERBERT ATHLETICS 4pts., TREBANOG 0. Playing at Trebanog in wretched weather on Saturday, Treherbert Athletics managed to defeat their opponents by a drop goal after a very hard game. The incessant rain drenched both players and spectators, but the ground, situated at a considerable elevation, was in a sur- prisingly good condition. Treherbert kicked off, and from the ensuing scrums the ball was sent out to the visiting quartet. Some excellent passing resulted, and one of the centres was only brought down a yard from the line. Treherbert did most of the aggressive work, and but for the keen defence of the Trebanog backs, many tries would have been scored. Passing among the backs became less frequent after half-time, and as the game was drawing to a close great excitement prevailed. Both teams were doing their utmost to score. The defence, however, was sound on both sides, and a pointless draw seemed the probable result. But Treherbert had not done yet, and play was carried up to' the Trebanog line, a score being only just averted by the home custodian, who pluckily went down to the ball. A scrum followed, and the ball was sent out to Alec Lewis, the Treherbert right centre, who without hesitation dropped a very beautiful goal. The visitors were, without doubt, the better team, and deserved to win. The situa- tion was often saved for Trebanog by the fine play of their full-back. J. Lewis the visitors' wing, played a great game,' He showed extraordinary speed and dash. The Treherbert forwards played exceed- ingly well. They continually beat their opponents for possession in the scrums. TREHERBERT EX-SCHOOLBOYS 6pts., PENYGRAIG LADS 0. These two teams encountered each other at Treherbert on Saturday, before a fair crowd. This was a League match. -Lhe Ex-Schoolboys are undefeated since- iast year, this being their second League match this_ season. Treherbert plaved with the wind in their favour during the initial half, but no score was recorded until after the interval. W. Hobbs I opened the scoring by diving on to the bail after a forward rush. The try was not converted. The home backs bror<o-ht 9 several very brilliant bouts of nassiiW m which Tom Rees figured prominently Dan Green (inside half) received the ball from one of the scrums, and slipped away on the blind side. He feinted to pass to his outside man and cut through the defence, thus scoring the second "try for the Ex-Schoolboys. The kick at goal again failed. The home team continued to have the better of the game until the whistle sounded. The afforded much interest to the spectators. The players fielded the ball accurately in suite of its slippery state; and the passing of the backs was very creditable. Tom Evans (the Ei-Schoolhoys' captain) led his forwards admirably, and his men never failed to back him up well By this win. the Ex-Schoolbovs have bashed another two points in the Second Divi- sion of tne Old Boys' League. Altogether, they have won three points out of a pos- sible four.
SHets for GOf, I. Great disappointment was caused at Ton on Saturday when it was found that the match with Treharris had to be post- poned, as the neld was for a great part under water. Ton defeated Barry Dock Albions by a narrow margin in the qualifying round of the Welsh Cup. The standard of the Reds' nlay was far from being up to their usual mark. Tommy Davies has improved a great deal in his last few games.
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Lecture at Clydach Vale. At Calf aria (W.B.) Chapel, Mr. Henry Davies, Director of Mining Instruction to the County of Glamorgan, delivered a lecture on Mining in Many Lands." Mr. E. J. Roderick presided over a very good attendance. Dealing first with Japan, the lecturer said that the women in that country- wife and daughters-in-orked at the col- lieries, as well as the men. The coal was very stiff to cut, and the royalties .on the coal are paid to the Government. In India the conditions of work were not so good. Here again the women had to work. The Indian collier earned about 6d. a day, but this seemingly small sum of money was sufficient to keep him for a few days. Every position of trust was held by Glamorgan men. What struck visitors to the coalfields of Germany was the good feeling between officials and employed. Everywhere there wis method, order and system, attri- b"ted. no doubt, to the compulsory mili- tary training every male had to undergo. Another excellent feature was the baths at the pithead. No man could be seen going to or coming from work with a dirty face or dirty clothes. The lecturer strongly advocated haths for workmen on the pitheads at our own collieries. The advantages of such a system were many. There would be more cleanliness in the home no exposure before young persons the system tended to keep the workers sober and bright, and consequently acci- dents would be fewer. On the other hand, it was argued that at the baths the workmen were exposed to each other. This was not so, for there were private cabinets for eacn. The dirty and wet clothes could be left to get dry by the next shift. The movement was going to succeed in this country. If the men did not agitate, the women would. In Belgium similar method, system and order was witnessed. Here the coal was comparatively poor so to make collieries pay, the coal tar was taken from the coke ovens. &c., and the many essences were extracted from it. Girls worked on the pithead, in the lamprooms, &c. Welshmen again were the chief officials in America, although in the collieries workmen from all parts of the world were to be found. There was much un- skilled labour; consequently the accident rate was high, about 3 per 1,000, while in the United Kingdom it was 1 per 1,000. The machinery, however, was more efficient than ours. One-third of the coal was cut by machinery. The lecture was illustrated by pictures, admirably shown by the oxy-hydrogen lantern. The heartiest thanks were accorded the lecturer for his interesting and instructive lecture.