""IW Mountain Ash Education Committee. — TUESDAY.—Mr. T. W. Jones in the chair. The other members present were: Mrs. W. G. Williams, Mrs. T. W. Millar, Messrs. Wm. Davies, J. Powell, G. H. Hall, Silas Williams, Evan Morris, Wm. Evans, J. Charles. J.P., E. V. Tidman, Griffith Evans, G. A. Evans, J.P., David Rogers, with Mr. Alfred Morgan (director) and Mr. W. H. Williams (architect). DR. BARNARDO'S HOMES. Mr. Harries, headmaster, Ynysybwl, wrote that a lady organiser on behalf of Dr. Baraardo's Homes had applied to him for permission to address the chil- dren. He wished to have instructions from the committee as to whether Miss Glover and himself could give such per- mission. Mr. J. Powell said that the committee had not been in the habit of granting such requests. He almost believed that there was a resolution on the books to that effect. Director: That is so. Rev. E. V. Tidman: Not within school hours. The Director remarked that the lady could hire a schoolroom any evening and invite the children to be present. SCHOOL TREAT. Mr. Harries, Trerobart School, Ynysy- bwl, wrote that Mr. D. Davies, M.P., Llandinam, was anxious to give a treat to the children, and he applied to the committee for permission to use the schools on Sept. 29th. Mr. Rogers moved, and Mr. Griffith Evans seconded, that the request be granted. Mr. W. Davies: Does this apply to all the other schools? Mr. S. Williams: No. It was only in Ynysybwl that Mr. D. Davies has made hi,- money. (Laughter. MENTALLY DEFICIENT CHILDREN. Mr. J. Charles referred to the need of giving some attention to the school for the instruction of mentally deficient children. The Chairman replied that this matter had been referred to a joint committee. Mr. J. Charles considered that the girls were neglected. The Director said that a conference had been held at Neath. It was intended to hold other conferences dealing with the same matter. MUSIC AND DANCING. ARE THEY NUISANCES? Mr. Wm. Evans raised the question of d&ncing at Carnetown School. He stated that a petition had been sent to him from Cardiff-road, Abercynon. Fif- teen persons had signed it, and they com- plained that dancing was carried on till after 10 o'clock at night. Persons who had to get up early in the morning could not rest at night owing to the noise. Capt. Evans: Who is the manager of the school ? Chairman: I am. I let the school for dancing clashes from 7 to 10 p.m. Capt. Evans thought that the com- plaints ought to be sent to the manager of the school, Mr. Jones. Mr. J. Powell agreed that that would be the better course. Still, that ought not to debar the committee from con- sidering the complaint when it came be- fore them. He had never objected to the schools being used for dancing, but if it was going to prove a nuisance, then he thought the committee should take some action. The Chairman said that he had grant- ed permission on the same terms as last year. No complaint whatever had reached him. He contended that Mr. Evans' statement that dancing was car- ried on till 10.30 could not be substanti- ated. Mr. Evans retorted that a person had stood outside the school listening to the music till 10.30. Mr. Silas Williams observed that the majority of workmen had to get up about 4.30, and so it was necessary for them to go to bed about 9 p.m. He never knew a dancing class held without a great deal of noise, and this noise was bound to in- terfere with people living in the immedi- ate neighbourhood of the school. It was of the, utmost importance to consider the health of the children. It was laid down that the windows were to be opened as scon as the children left. If dancing was carried on from 7 till after 10 the vapour arising from the persons indulging in that exercise was certainly not conducive to the health of the children who attended that school next day. In his opinion dancing ought to be prohibited altogether in the schools. (Hear, hear.) There were public halls in every part of the district, and these were quite as conven- ient. He moved that the petition be granted, and that dancing be stopped at Carnetown Schools. Mr. W. Evans seconded. Rev. E. V. Tidman asked if permission had been granted for the whole of the session. j Chairman: No, only till the end of September. Capt. Evans: I do not think we ought I to over-ride the chairman in this man- ner. Let Mr. Jones make enquiries. I propose that the matter be referred to him for further inquiries. In reply to Mr. Rogers the chairman said the school was let for a dancing I class, and not to a party. Mr. Charles could not see what was I, there to inquire about. If they allowed dancing it was understood that they must allow music. The Chairman said that Mr. Evans had mentioned the matter to Hm a few days ago. He could not understand why people had gone to Mr. Evans. He (Mr. Jones) was in Carnetown oftener than Mr Evans, and no one had whispered any complaints to him. He felt inclined to give up the .managership of the school. Capt. Evans: Quite right, too. I should do the same, if someone interfered with my work. Mr. Rogers: I don't know what people have to complain about. Mr. Evans: People cannot rest. Mr. Rogers: The person referred to by Mr. Evans was enjoying the music. Mr. Evans: He did not think it worth while to go to bed. Chairman: I ghall never act as mana- ger of that school any more. The Eight Hours' Act was in force last year, and not a single complaint was made. Our young people used to go to Pontypridd to dance. That iet why I granted the use of this school. I have never been an ad- vocate of dancing. Mr. J. Powell thought it hardly right of the chairman to resign as manager of the school simply because the complaints were not sent in through the right chan- nel Rev. E. V. Tidman suggested that the classes be not allowed to continue after September. Mr. Rogers: Is it understood that no school shall be granted for dancing? Mr. Powell: This is the only one we are dealing with at present. It was proposed that the Abercynon members should report. Chairman: You do what you like. I will have my way. Mr. Evans: That is all rot. It is a threat to the other members. Mr. Powell remarked that the com- mittee were anxious to help the chair- man. He ought not to speak as he did. Mr. Jones: Mr. Evans is dealing with this before I have a chance of enquiring. Mr. Evans: He has admitted that I told him about it. Mr. Jones: It is wrong to rely on public house reports. Mr. Evans: I strongly object to those words, and I ask you to withdraw. There is no one more fond of public-house re- ports than yourself. Rev. E. V. Tidman: It is time to bring this discussion to a close. The motion that the Abercynon mem- bers make enquiries was passed. PENRHIWCEIBER SCHOOL ACCOMMODATION. The Architect reported that it was im- possible to erect a second floor on any of the existing schools in Penrhiwceiber which would meet the requirements of the Board of Education. Rev. E. V. Tidman: We shall have to pay the land tax and accept the piece of ground offered for sale by Col. Vaughan Lee. Mr. S. Williams: Never. On the motion of Capt. Evans the re- port was referred to the Council. COST OF EDUCATION. The committee next considered the Elementary and Higher Education estim- I gtes of income and expenditure for the half-year ending March, 1911. The Director recommended that pre- cepts be issued asking the overseers for .29,200 and X300 for Elementary and Higher Education purposes respectively. FREE MEATS. An estimate for providing meals for necessitous school-children was also sub- mitted, the accountant remarking that the expenditure went up about 100 per cent. every year. Rev. E. V. Tidman said that possibly the committee were a bit lax in admin- istering that provision of the Act. Capt. Evans thought that the com- mittee could recover more money from parents if they tried. Mr. S. Williams took exception to this statement. The estimate was passed. DELEGATES AND CONFERENCES. On the minutes of. the last Education Committee being presented, Capt. Evans complained that his name had not been entered as an objector to the payment of delegates who had attended the Home Making Centres. Capt. Evans added that he was anxious to safeguard himself. Rev. E. V. Tidman was doubtful whether Capt. Evans was present at the meeting which authorised the delegates to attend. Capt. Evans replied that he was not present. Rev. E. V. Tidman said it was a fashion with some members to object to the pay- merit when they themselves had taken part in sending those delegates. Capt. Evans: Yes, and every member has a right to examine the expenses in- c arred. Finally, it was resolved that Mr Evans' name should be inserted.
NO TEA LIKE 'Quaker' Tea I y OF ALL GROCERS.. I
ANOTHER CONFERENCE. The Workers' Educational Association invited the committee to send representa- tives to the annual meeting at Reading. Capt. Evans said that Mr. Linton had reported that it was not legal to incur any expenditure in this connection. No action was taken.
NON-PROVIDED SCHOOL. Mr. Linton reported that in his opin- ion the appointment of an assistant in the Non-Provided School was a matter to be dealt with by the School Managers. Rev. E. V. Tidman said he was not prepared to accept what Mr. Linton had stated. The persons responsible for the framing of the Education Act, 1902, had given a promise that vacancies in Non- Provided Schools could be filled by teach- ers who were not Catholics. There were thousands of teachers to-day out of em- ployment, and who could not get appoint- ments in Non-Provided Schools. The question was raised whether there were teachers in the Mountain Ash dis- trict who could fill tbp vacancies in the R.C. School. Mr. Powell questioned whether there were any. Finally it was resolved to advertise for teachers.
Testimonial. Mountain Ash Urban District Council, Education Committee, Education Offices, Town Hall, Mountain Ash. Alfred Morgan, Director of Education. July 5th, 1910. Mr Victor Freed some months ago sold the Mountain Ash Education Committee a Lobl Piano for Cefopennar Infants' School at a moderate price, and the Headmistress informs me that she is quite satisfied with the instrument. Signed, A. MORGAN, Director of Education.
Aberdare County Court. (Continued from Page 2.) FRIENDLY SOCIETY'S CLAIM. The trustees of the Upper Works Friendly Society sued John Lewis, Yant, Aberdare, for a sum of J616 4s. lOd. for alleged trespass on property belonging to the society. Mr. W. Thomas appeared for plaintiffs, and defendant was represented by Mr. T. W. Griffiths. John Jones, one of the trustees, said that the society owned No. 2a, Freder- ick-street, Trecynon, Alongside there was a yard. In this yard defendant built a house, and he had taken up a piece of the land which the society owned. A deputation from the society had waited upon the defendant, and he had offered a sum of £ 2 2s. to clear. Several witnesses were called in support of the plaintiff's case. Mr. Griffiths, for the defence, sub. mitted that defendant had obtained a title to the disputed piece of land through his predecessors by adverse possession. Mr. Griffiths also called witnesses. A long argument followed between the Judge and Mr. Griffiths, after which the former allowed a sum of X6 4s. 10d., being the part claimed for trespass on the pine end. IRONMONGER'S CLAIM. Charles Reed, ironmonger, claimed = £ 1 10s. from John Melvin, Ystradfellte. Plaintiff said that he had supplied de- fondant with a churn and other utensils to the value of £ 1 10s. Judgment was given for ,£1 8s.
THE ROYAL TOUCH. The practice of healing by touch can be traced back to a very early period. It was a survival of a rite performed by the priest-physicians of ancient Egypt and Babylonia, and later Pyrrhus and Vespasian cured disease by touch. It pro- bably took its rise in the ancient belief that cer- tain individuals were born with superior powers to those possessed by their fellow-creatures. Monarchs were exalted above others on account of the supposed distinctive excellence imparted to them at their birth by the ruling signs and planets. It was but natural, therefore, that their subjects believed them capable of imparting this infiaence by a glance of the eye or a touch of the hand. To touch even their robes was sometimes thought sufficient to receive a share of their special virtues. Thus, the Hospital suggests, arose the belief in the healing power imparted by a touch of the Royal hand of the Lords anointed, a superstition deeply rooted in the human mind.
ATTENDANCE OFFICER'S EXPLAN- ATION. Mr. W. Jones, attendance officer, wrote explaining how the attendance fell so low in July. He stated that in his district measles and scarlet fever had been very prevalent. The attendance at the Luf-fryil and Darrenlas Schools had gone down to 50 per cent. The Schools Medi- cal Officer had not thought it necessary to close the schools, because the holidays 11 were so near. Mr. J. Powell remarked that whether the holidays were near or far, the schools ought to have been closed. Director The Medical Officer decides whether it is necessary. The explanation was accepted.
The New Empire, Abend ire. At the grand orchestral and pictorial ccncert held at the above place on Sun- day night last, a filleprogramme was sub- mitted by the management, The pictures were superb. The Aberdare Band obliged with an excellent selection, entitled, Territorials' Own" (AV. Rimmer). Mr Charles George conducted the band. The management have secured a treat for Aberdarians this week. The Hereld Comedy Four constitute the star turn for this week in thr/ir "Shipwrecked Sailor and the Indians. The singing i'l this turn, and in the following turn, the Phenox Trio, 55 ieallv fine. Auto, Le funny musician, cannot fail to rouse a laugh, and his playing upon various in- struments is really fine. Kitty Leon fairly captivates the audiences with her songs and dancing. Some Fine sets of pictures romplete an excellent two hours show. cc Hohenzollern March" is played by the orchestra this week. The great Empire Marathon Race will take ptace this (Thursday) evening at 6 p.m., starting from the Empire.
Aberdare Police Court, WEDNESDAY.—Before Sir T. Marchant Williams, Messrs. D. P. Davies, D. W. Jones, Dr. E. Jones. PAWNBROKER'S LICENCE. Mr. Herbert George applied for a pawnbroker's licence on behalf of Jacob Fine, Penrhiwceiber, who contemplates opening a business in Aberaman. Eli Fine, 78, Penrhiwceiber-road, gave evidence re the notice. The application was granted. PUBLICAN'S LICENCE. On behalf of Mr. D. Jones, Cowbridge Arms, Mr. T. W. Griffiths applied for an occasional licence to sell intoxicants at the Cwmaman Sheep Dog Trials. Granted. NINE MEN FROM MARDY. ENJOYING A SUNDAY DRINK AT ABERDARE. Joseph Devereux was charged with having been drunk on licenced premises, viz., the Gloster's Arms, Aberdare. P.C. Gwyther said that he, in company with P.C. Davies, visited the Gloster's Arms on Sunday and found defendant there drunk. Nine men were there in all, and they said they came from Mardy. Asked how he accounted for the presence of the drunken man the landlord said he thought the man had gone away. Defendant was fined 15s. and costs. Benjamin Griffiths, the licensee, was now charged with permitting drunken- ness in his house. Mr. W. Thomas appeared for defend- ant. He appealed for leniency, his client promising to be more careful in future. A small fine of 40s. and costs was im- posed, the Stipendiary advising defendant to exercise care. WHEELING IN DARKNESS. Evan John Evans, Gadlys, was charged at the instance of P.C. David Thomas ;-i with riding a bicycle without light. Fined 10s. and costs. MORE TRAM-MARKING ALLEGED. George Williams, Cardiff-road, Aber- aman, summoned David Davies for false- ly marking his tram of coal. Mr. W. Thomas prosecuted. Complainant said he missed his tram, No. 454-26. Afterwards he saw a tram and recognised it as his own. It was marked 365-25. David Daviee worked on that number. A similar charge was preferred against defendant by James Davies. Mr W. Thomas said that the Federation had decided to prosecute in these cases, which were becoming very prevalent. David Waterman, Wm. Brown Jones, checkweigher, Evan T. Bacon and Geo. Lovell gave evidence. Davies was sent to prison for six weeks. A FEMININE FEUD. Mary Morris, 4, Dare-court, Aberdare, charged Jane Edmunds with assault. Complainant, who was represented by Mr. J. D. Thomas, said that defendant called her a b-- prostitute. Defendant's husband" came on the scene and took his wife in. Defendant assailed her after- wards and struck her in the face. Mr. W. Thomas defended. Wm. Morris, complainant's husband, and Thos. Morris gave evidence. Jane Edmunds, the defendant, gave evi- dence on her own behalf. Mrs. Mary James stated that she saw the fray, and one woman was as bad as the other. Obscene epithets were ex- changed by them. Mrs. Edmunds was fined 20s. and costs, and a cross-summons was dismissed. A WOMAN WHO FEARED TO LOOK. AT A MAN. Mrs. M. H. Jones, Tudor-terrace, Aber- dare, was summoned by Phillip Richards for using indecent language. Mr. T. W. Griffiths appeared for plain- tiff, and Mr. W. Thomas defended. Plaintiff, who is a County Court bailiff, said that on June 29th last he gave evi- dence at the Police Court against Mrs. Jones. One day afterwards he was going through Tudor-terrace when Mrs. Jones shouted after him, and insinuated im- moral relations between him and a cer- tain woman. Mary James, Tudor-terrace, testified to hearing Mrs. Jones use the words com- plained of. Sergt. Pullman said that he had heard several complaints of Mrs. Jones using bad language. Mrs. Jones, the defendant, said that she was subjected to great annoyance by certain people, and she had made com- plaints to P.C. Bevan. She had never interfered with Richards since the court day referred to. She was afraid to look at him because he was so prone to tell untruths. Stipendiay: Are you afraid to look at all people who tell untruths? Then you should be placed in a cage. Mrs. Mary Rutter, Mrs. Jones's daugh- ter, gave evidence on behalf of her mother. The Stipendiary regarded the offence as a bad one. It was annoying for any man to be shouted after in the street. "I am afraid that you are not so re- spectable as you look," said he to Mrs. Jcnes. You will have to pay 20s. and costs. "THE NEW BARD" AT CWMBACH. ENCOUNTERS THE "COCK OF THE WALK." Arthur Harris was summoned for using z, indecent language towards Elijah Wig- more, Cwmbach. Complainant, who gave his evidence iery volubly, said that defendant called him "the cock of the walk in Provi- dence Place." The Stipendiary said that that was only an extravagant way of speaking. Defendant was evidently a man of poeti cal inspiration, a bard of the new school There was no harm in him. Complainant: Then not till I am half killed am I to come here for protection? Stipendiary: Yes, we will try him then for attempted murder. The case was dismissed. MOTHER & DAUGHTER SUMMONED. Mrs. Davies and Mary Anne Davies, mother and daughter, were charged with using indecent language towards Mrf. Linden. Mr. W. Thomas prosecuted. Dorothy Linden said that she and her I husband stayed at the Britannia Inn, Aberdare, and defendants lived opposite. One day they called her a prostitute. The two women denied the offence. Wm. Adams, 54, High-street, said he was at the Britannia Inn when he heard Mrs. Davies and her daughter use the expressions complained of. George S. Reynolds, Britannia Inn, said that he heard the defendants using the offensive words. A dialogue between this witness and Mrs. Davies ensued. Mrs. Davies asked Reynolds to speak Welsh. He pleaded that he was unable to speak Welsh. Mrs. Davies declared that he could speak Welsh all right when courting her daugh- ter. Stipendiary: Both defendants will be fined 10s. and costs. This girl has lost her sweetheart and she goes and calls this woman a prostitute. A WIFE'S WOES. 7 Geo. Jenkins, 6, Prospect-place, Cwm- bach, was summoned for persistent cruel- ty towards his wife. Mr. W. Thomas defended. Mrs. Jenkins told the Bench a long and pathetic story. Her husband had called her by some terrible (quite un- piintable) names, and had knocked her teeth down her throat. An order of 12s. a week was made. MAN AND WIFE. In the case of Mrs. Mary Roberts, Hir- wain, against her husband, Watkin Roberts, an order of 7s. 6d. a week was made against the latter. HE WAS DRUNK. Wm. Richards was charged with steal- ing 10 waistbelts, the property of Morris Silverman, Aberaman. Prosecutor said that defendant bought a waistcoat at his shop. After he went away witness missed the waistbelts. Defendant pleaded that he was drunk., He was fined 40s. or one month. FOUR HOUSES RANSACKED. PENRHIWCEIBER CRIPPLE COMMITTED. David Williams, 218, Penrhiwceiber- road, Penrhiwceiber, a cripple, was charged with stealing a quantity of ar- ticles, the property of Mrs. Williams, 3, James-street, Mountain Ash, on Septem- ber 16th. Mrs. Williams said that when she came downstairs one morning she found several things missing. It was quite a long catalogue, and included among other things a pair of flat irons and witness' best hat. P.C. Hill, Miskin, said that on Septem- ber 16th he, in company with Sergt. Boulton, went to 218, Penrhiwceiber- road. Prisoner's first words were, I have been expecting you." In a box under the bed witness found a loaf of bread marked M.W. Up the chimney he found a pair of boots. Concealed in a hole were some glasses, dishes, and orna- ments. When charged, prisoner said he was sorry for what he had done. He had no bread in the house, and he gave what he had taken to his wife and child. During the trial prisoner appeared to be labouring under great emotion, and called for water, which was given him. Afterwards he commenced to weep. Time after time he repeated that he had no food in the house. The same prisoner was charged with stealing a rocking chair, a bellows, scis- sors, a razor, two teapots, a spoon, and a purse containing Is. 3d., the property of John Jones, 35, Mount Pleasant-ter- race, Miskin. Prisoner testified that he bought the rocking chair and bellows from a man whom he mentioned. U I was trying to make a little home," said he. "At the expense of other people," re- torted the Stipendiary. P.C. Hill again gave evidence. Prisoner was further charged with breaking and entering the house of Wm. Frazer, 2, Gladstone-terrace. This complainant had missed a large number of articles, including three chairs, a large quantity of ladies' apparel, and various things from kitchen, pantry, and parlour. P.C. Hill testified to discovering all the mis-sing goods in prisoner's house. There was a fourth charge against pris- oner, viz., of stealing the property of A. Harrison, but this was not proceeded v.j'h. Prisoner was committed to the Assizes. m-we_
u"w" PRINTING Neatly and Promptly Executed at the "LEADER" OFFICE, Market Street, Aberdare.
— » "WAKES." The holidays called "Wakes," are still ob- served with much punctilio in all Lancashire towns. It is yet another instance of how Christianity salved the conscience of paganism. As to the origin of the Wakes festival, the Venerable Bede affords us full information. Writing to St. Mellitus, the companion of St. Augustine and the first English Bishop of Lon- don, after giving directions with regard to his consecration of temples, which had previously been used for idol worship, to the service of the true God, Pope Gregory the Great ordered as follows: "And because they (the English) have been used to slaughter many oxen in sacrifice to devils, some solemnity must be exchanged for them on this account, as that on the day of the dedication, or the nativities of the holy martyrs, whose relics are there deposited, they- may build themselves huts of the boughs of trees, about those churches which have been turned to1 that use from temples, and celebrate the solemnity with religious feasting, and no more offer beasts to the devil, but kill cattle to the glory of God in their eating, and return thanks to the Giver of all things for their sustenance; to the end that, whilst some gratifications are outwardly permitted them, they may the more easily con- sent to the inward consolations of the Grace tf God."
How TO TELL A REAL DIAMOND. A real diamond may easily be recognised by putting it under water, where it retains all its brilliancy, having the appearance of a bubble of air, while all other precious stones lose their singular appearance. It will answer for dia- monds of the first water only.
TRAFFIC IN HUMAN HAIR. The market in human hair is far more exten- sive than many suppose. The greater bulk comes from the south-eastern corner of Bohemia. In this region the human hair market is a familiar sight, and the preparation of the material is quite a large industry. The native supply is sup- plemented by large cargoes from China. The Chinese hair, as is well known, is intensely black, and as such is of no value. Upon its arrival at the factory, therefore, the first process is to change its characteristic colour. This is accomplished by bleaching it in a solution of hydrogen peroxide. Afterwards the hair is sorted according to its length and grade, dyed, and finally finished in any shade desired by the customer.
FIRST USE OF IRON. The Iron Age is commonly believed to have be gun in Africa or Asia. The latest investiga- tions prove that it was not worked in Egypt until the ninth century before the Christian Era, or in Libya until 450 B.C., that the Semites adopted its use still later, and that it has beeh kne^wn in Uganda only within the last five or six centuries. In China iron is mentioned in 400 B.C. Bronze weapons were employed in China until 100 A.D., and in Japan until 700 A.D. The metallurgy of iron must have originated in central Europe, especially in Noricum, which ap- proximately represented modern Austria and Bavaria. Only at Hallstett and in Bosnia and Transylvania, from which countries the Achaians and Dorians are supposed to have migrated to Greece, are found evidences of a gradual intro- duction of iron, at first as an ornament applied to the bronze, which it ultimately displaced. Everywhere else iron was introduced suddenly, a fact which implies a foreign origin. Meteoric iron was known in Egypt in remote antiquity, but no doubt it was worked as flints were worked, by cutting or chipping, and was not smelted. That is to say, it was the metallurgy, not the knowledge of iron, that originated in eentral Europe.
THE MOST VALUABLE PIPE. The Shah of Persia possesses, 'perhaps, the most valuable pipe in the world. It belonged to his uncle, who received it from his grandfather. It is the Persian official pipe, and is smoked only on State ciccasions. It is set with rubies and diamonds, and is valued at £ 100,000. When the Shah is not using the pipe it is kept in a glass case and carefully guarded by a high Court official, whose duties are as little onerous as those of the director of an arsenal. The reason for keeping the pipe so closely guarded, and in a case, is that some years ago a Grand Vizier was surprised in the act of removing some of the stones with the point of his poignard. What hap- pened to the Grand Vizier we are not told.
AN ANCIENT MINE. The Kopparberg Mining Company of Sweden was founded 1225 A.D. According to the old ac- count-books and other interesting documents, which are religiously kept in the old museum attached to the mine at Falun, the Great Copper Mountain Mine has yielded about 500,000 tons of copper, fifteen tons of silver, 1'25 tons of gold, valued at about £ 55,555,000. There are only one or two copper mines in the world which have been so productive. As great quantities of cop- per were used in Sweden in the Bronze Age, it is not improbable that this mine was worked then. If this be so, then it must be about 2,000 years old. The total length of the mine at the surface, which resembles the crater of an extinct volcano, is 1,200ft., whilst its underground gal- leries, excavations, and chambers have a total length of eighteen English miles. It is as well to take a guide when descending this subterranean labyrinth of ancient passages and chambers, some of which are very extensive and of histori- cal interest. The mine contains about 3,000 sepa- rate chambers, many of which have been visited by Royal personages and eminent men of the long-forgotten past. «
NEVER Too OLD. Latimer, in King Edward VI.'s days, was a hard student; he was at his studies about two o'clock in the morning, summer and winter, though his body had been bruised by the fall of a tree, and he was sixty-seven years of age. Young was sixty when he began his "Night Thoughts." Talleyrand at the age of eighty stood at the head of affairs in France under Napoleon, and then under the Bourbons. Blucher was seventy when he was defeated at Ligny and fell under his horse, some French cavalry passing over him; yet a day or two after he led on his Prussians against Napoleon at Waterloo. After many years of warfare, those old men, Wellington and Soult, stood at the head of their respective Cabinets, one in England and the other in France.
WATCHMAKER'S EPITAPH. In Aberconwav Churchyard there is this curi- ous epitaph on a watchmaker: "Here lies in a horizontal position' the outside case' of 'Peter Pendulum,' watchmaker, whose abilities in that line were an honour to his profession; in- tegrity was the mainspring,' and prudence the regulator' of all the actions of his life. Humane, generous, and liberal, his hand never stopped' till he had relieved distress. So nicely regulated' were his movements' that he never went wrong, except when set-a-going' by people who did not know 'his key.' Even then he was easily set right' again. He had the art of disposing his time so well that his 'hours' glided away in 'one continued round' of plea- sure and delight, till an unlucky minute' put- ting a period to his existence, he departed this life, 'wound up' in hopes of being 'taken in hand' by his Maker,' and of being thoroughly 'eleaned,' 'repaired,' and 'set-a-gomg' in the world to come."
Mountain Ash Revision Court. On Tuesday afternoon Mr Ivor Bowen, the Revising Barrister, sat at the Mountain Ash police court to revise the lists. Mr D. M. Richards repre- sented the Liberal party, and Mr T. I. Mardy Jones the Labour party, and Mr T. Richards the Conservative party in the borough, and Mr Littlejohn the Conservatives in East Glamorgan. On the old lodger list the Liberals sustained 101 claims, the Labour party 11, and the Conservatives 43. On the new lodger list the Liberals sustained 75. the Labour party 44, and the Conser- vatives 59 claims, the totals being Liberals 176, Labour 55, and the Con- servatives 102.
Aberdare Miners' Meeting The monthly meeting of the Aberdare district of miners was held on Monday at the Bute Hotel, Mr Richard Phillips, Trecynon, in the chair. Speaking upon the dispute at the Cambrian, Mr C. B. Stanton (miners' agent) stated the circumstances which had led up to the stoppage, and the meeting eventually passed a, resolution sympathising with the Cambrian men. Delegates dwelt upon the position in the Aberdare District, and the opinion prevailed that the numerous disputes now pending at the P.D. Collieries, as well as at Cwmaman should be at once dealt with.
Baby Show. A Baby Show will be held at the Memorial Hall, Aberdare. on Thursday, October 20th, 1910, at 3 o'clock in the afternoon. n Several prizes will be given, the first prize being L25. All babies under two years of age residing in the Parish of Aberdare are eligible. Mothers intending to bring their babies are requested to notify the same to Mrs Evan Jones, Tymawr, Aberdare, by postcard not later than October 15th. Mrs Evan Jones will be pleased to receive any contributions, however small, towards the expenses of the movement from those sympathising therewith.
Army Service Corps N.C.O. in charge of forage (to officer's groom, who has come for extra rations for a horee): Have you brought a requisition?" Groom: No; ain't got one with us, but I've brought a. bucket."
SUFFERING WIVES and MOTHERS DON'T DESPAIR THERE IS HOPE YET! (of Southport) (the largest belt maker 111 England, late maker to London Hos- pital, Soho Hospital for late maker to London Hos- ML Women, City of London Infirmary, and patients of the late Sir Morrell Mac- g kenzie), will make a return visit to Aberdare, after an absence of three years. Note date and address: — Tuesday next, September 27th, 1910, at MILES'S RESTAURANT, Canon Street, Aberdare. Hours: 2 till 5. ALL ADVICE FREE. NOTE.—The most eminent operating, surgeon alive eaid: —" If the use of in- ward instruments were persisted in, they woul.i have to build a hospital to treat the CANCERS and TUMOURS created by them." In announcing my return visit to Wales I shall appreciate the kind recommenda- tion of those whom I treated in 1907, and who now probably do not need further advice. My experience in the treatment of cases of Inward Weaknesses, etc., ex- tends over 20 years, and ladies may come to see me with the fullest measure of con- fidence. A perusal of the following testi- monials will convince you of what I have done for others, and what I can do for you. For obvious reasons names and ad- dresses cannot be given, but the originals will be produced on request at any time. Aberdare. Dear Mrs. Slater,—I am writing to let you know how much better I feel since wearing the belt I had from you twelve- months ago. I have found it such a comfort. I can get about with ease now, what I have not been able to do for twelve years. I shall be thankful to you all my life. Abersychan. Dear Nurse Slater,—Received my belt all right, for which I thank you. It is a splendid fit. I have worn your belts for over ten years, and have derived great benefit from wearing them. In fact, 1 can go about all day long. Previous to wearing your belts I had to sit about almost every dav, also wear instruments. You have saved me pounds in doctor's bills, and I wish I had known about yoU. years before I did. P.S.—You can refer anyone to rne you- like, also use this as a testimonial. 1 think it is as little as I can do after re- eeivmg your treatment. Ruptures, Women's inward Weaknesses CU! without In- struments or Operations. Stout Ladies.-The Compress Belt Re- duces the Measurement IWr to Eight Inches First Time On. W rvtJ"0r^lvrrtSiei' Particulars see Mrs oLATLR at once. i ,penr4 Postcard for new Illustrated Book- *rrvp i, ,yard Instruments should NOI be Worn, to Mrs. C. E. SL YTEB Southport. Printed and Published at theii Printing Worko, Market Buildings, M Aherdare, in UIe County oi Glamorgan, by the Proprietors, W Pugh and J. L. Rowlands.