Worth Your Vtloulion. The autumn months are, from a sanitcrv point of view among the most important of the year. Due care may now mean a robust constitution to meet the trials of winter. Neglect now may mean a broken constitution to succumb under the attacks of any excep- tional trial. There are. indeed, few that do not feel the system needs recruiting after the trying barometrical changes of the pest season. With some it. is "only a feeling of lassitude," with others not quite up to the mark," a sort of all over sinking feeling. "too weak to do anything abcut the houre." "'these recurring headaches," no appetite for my food" etc. These, and a dozen others, are common expressions which all point to the urgent need of sogile good tonic. What a, change of air can do for you in n few months' time, if you are no worse than .you are now, a course of some ~ood tonic mixture, a reliable medicine of established reputation and of proved virtue, will do now. There are several tonic mixtures to be had, but none which have been so uni- formly successful as Gwilym Evans' Quinine Bitters it has never been known to Jail. Above all, see that you get the right article, with the name "Gwily Evans" C: the label, stamp, and bottle, without which none is genuine. Gwilym Evans' Quinine Bitters, The Vegetable Tonic, v; sold every- where in bottles, 2s 9d and 4s 6d each, or will be forwarded carriage free for the abov., prices, by the Sole Proprietors The Quinine Bitters Manufacturing Company, Limited, Llanelly, South Wales.
LLANFYNYDD. HARVEST THANKSGIVING SERVICES were held on Wedneseday last in the above National Schoolroom, owing to the Church undergoing extensive renoavtion. Th? Rev Eynon Hughes, curate cf Llandilo, preached, both in English and Wels'i. giving much pleasure to the large congregation. WEDDING.—On Wednesday morning, thf 15th imt., at Llandilo. Mr Isgac Davie. of this parish, was married to' Mi:s Mary Jones. She had been for eight years hcadsorvant in the employ of Alderman H. J. Taomas, Penrhos. To show some appreciation of her faithful services to him, the worthy and popular alderman drove the happy ccuple himself in his own conveyance. The usual signs of rejoicing; took pbcc. FOR THE Broon is THE LIFK."—Clarke's world- f«n ed Blood Mixture is warranted Jo nlear.scs the blood from all impurities, from wl>afpvor eansr n.npin? For scrofula, scurvy, rczeirr, ""in and !n-v! 4 jrE Pimples, and sores of all kinds its e>Tpot? are mnr- N ellous Th,)iran(isof Ti ho"t.lpc. T'd and lis each, of aU ch'.miVts. Frojui^or*. T,involn ntid Midland Counties Drug Corrpany T.ineo'n. Ask for OfatJce'lI Blood Mixtrrf and dc n^t be per.,us,loe to take an imitation.
i armarthuuslare County Cuucil A meeting of the Carmarthenshire County Council was hcd at, tho Carmarthen Tcwnhall en Wednesday, at 12.30 p.m. Mr H. Jones- Davies, Glynti'Idan, preoided. There were also present. Mr Gwilym Evans, Llanelly Mr W. David, Llanelly Mr D. C. Parry, Llanelly Mr J. W. Gwynne Hughes, Trc- geyb Mr W. N. Jon a?, Tirydail Mr Dd. Evans, Llangennech Park; Mr J. Mayberry, LlanelTy Mr Join Johns, Parceichin R::v T. Johns, Capel AIs Mr T. Jones, LIÐu- elly Mr Wilkins, Burry Port Dr Howell Roes, Glangarnant; Dr R. L. Thomas, Whit- land Mr Joseph Joseph, Llangennech Mr W. Pcwell Jeffreys, Cynghordy Lieut.-Gen. Sir Jamss Hili.v-Johues, V.C., G.C.B., Mr Alfred Stephens, Kidwelly Mr John Lloyd, Penybank Mr Morgan Jones, Llanon Mr J. Lloyd Thomas, Heiitly Col. Lewes, Llys- Bcwyekl; Mr T. E. Biigstoeke, Carmatrhen; Mr David Davies, Llandebie Mr J. Bcavan Llan-adwrn Mr D. Davie, Myddfai Mr R. W. Stephens, Coedybrain Mr W. Jones. Llandilo Mr W. Jenkins, Alltycadno Rev J. H. Re-. Penibrey Mr C. E. Morris, Carmrthfn; Mr W. Mabcn Davies, Llan- gadoCii; Mr John. Sccurftchl, Blacnwernddu Mr Ben. Evan- Brithrlir; Mr A. Brmtocke, Blaenpant Mr D. Evans, Newcas*le Emlyn Mr W. Griffith-, Llanelly Mr Bowcn, Tre- lech Rev W. T"oin-s, Whitland Mr J. S. Tnegoning, Llanelly Mr John Lewis. Meiro? H,11 Mr Join Roes, Delgwm Mr T. Jones, Penronw Sir Lewis Morris, Pen- bryn Prcfesror Jones, Carmarthen Mr Da-nr 1. Stephens, Llanelly together with the Clerk (Mr J. W. Nicohlas). THE EDUCATION BILL. Several acknowledgments were received of the action which the Carmarthenshire Cciinty Council has determined to take with regard to the Education Bill. Mr Alfred Dr.vie- expre: sed "his great appreciation of the licro-c action which your Council have deter- mined to adopt." Mr Lloyd Morgan said that the matter .should have his best atten- tion. Mr Abel Thomas merely acknowledged the re-eeijnt, as did also Sir Henry C-nipbell- Banncrman;], Lord Rosebery, and Mr Balfour LLANELLY TRICKS WITH EXPLOSIVES A ccmmumcatfon was received frcm the Llanelly magistrates with regard to the working of the Explosives Act. They asked that hand-books of the Act should be supplied to thee members of the police force who are inspectors. They also asked that a. bye-law should be made requiring notice to be given to an inspector beforei gunpowder or other explosive were removed. Mr T. Jones moved that the books be supplied, and that application b? made to the Home Secretary for sanction of the bye- law suggested. Mr Gwilym Evans in seconding scid that he had brought the matter before the Council time after time. He remembered a case some years ago in which a hor-e and cart, conevying ai ton of dynamite, was left unattended in a Llaneliv street, while the men were drinking inside in a, public house. He hoped that they would not have a ease such as had occurred in North Wads some years ago, when two horses, and two men. and a, cart conveying a load of dynamite dis- appeared, and no trace of them was ever found afterwards. Mr R. W. Stephens Were the. men smoking Mr Evans ? ) Mr Gwilym Evans I don't know. Mr R. W. Stephens I have seen that. Mr T. Jones' motion was carried un.ani- mot .1y. THE CWMMAWR BRIDGE. A letter was read from Mr Morgan Jcnc;, the councillor for the district, in which he said that the contractor could not finish the work at Cwmmawr bridge on account of his drunken habits. Mr W. N. Jones said that, all the man had done was to make a Ittle bit of the founda- tion ci one side. The condition of the bridge was really most dangerous; and if they could do anyt/hng to take it out, of the hands of the contractor they ought to do, so. The Clerk said that, the contract provided that th? work was to be finished on the 24th December, 1901. The contractor had not yet commenced. They could not, only take the work from him, but, they might sue him for damages as well. Mr Morgan Jones He has had every chance to do it, for the last twelve months, In my opinion, he wi'l never do it. It was deeded to cancel the contract; and full power 'was given to the following com- mittee to-deal with the matter: Chairman, Mr W. N. Jones, Mr Morgan Jones. THE REMOVAL OF SCARLET FEVER PATIENTS TO LLANSTEPHAN. A long letter was received from Mr R. Browne, Clerk to the, Carmarthen Union, explaining the; circumstances under which patients suffering from scarlet fever had been removed from ths High School, Carmarthen to Llanstephan. Dr. Reeis .said that, as no consequences followed, he thought the explanation was very satisfactory. Mr John Johns said that two people had died fro: scarlet fever in Llanstephan after these cases came there. Dr Rees: Then the letter is wrong. Mr John Johns It distinctly says what is wrong. I am certain that they were, re- moved before the; 11th of March, and he says they were removed in April or May. I say that is erroneous. That, is the excuse he gives for not mentioning it in his report. If the Council can witbold the doctor's salary I think we should do so. He is the medical officer not only for the Carmarthen Union, but rlso for the Carmarthen Borough. When it come: forward I will move that we with- hold the sa,lary until he dears it up, until he says the, date. How doss he know it t,ook pIacø after he made uiphis report, if he knows nothing about, it, (hear, hear). The people of Llanstephan believe that h- was T imrty to the removal. That » the long and short of it (hear, heai). They were removed to the centre of the village, next door to the POSit, Office. Was not that a, danger thing ? Two people have since died in Llanstephan from scarlet fever. The Chairman said that when the payment came; before the Council, Mr John would be in order. Mr John Johnz, I will move it then. Mr Gwilym Evans said that this was a very iserious aiid they ought to give the medical officer of health an opportunity of appearing. Mr John Johns I move that we refer it to the Public Health Committee, a.nd that the Medical Officer of Health be as.ked to attend. Dr. Rees seconded. Mr Jchn Jchns I should like to be on the Committee. Mr Alfred Stephens I move that Mr John be on the committee. The Chairman A special member for the day (laughter). This was agreed to. THE BURRY PORT BUSINESS. It was decided to adopt the, report of le sub-ccmmittee which had delineated the boundaries of itha Urban District of Burry Port, with the view of excluding agricul- tural land. A letter was read from Mr ) Arnold, a Civil engineer, asserting the truth of the evidence which he had given at the recent inquiry, and.reversing certain contra- I dictions of it wheh had been made. I THE MINING SCHOLARSHIPS. I Mr Gwilym Evans moved that they reject the recominondatiois of the Technical Educa tion Committee that. an additional mining scholarship should be established. Seeing that the candidate who had gone up for the last scholarship ii-d only gained 257 marks out of a total of 1,800, he could not under- stand how the teac-V.er could have allcxa-erl him to go up, or hfriv -the committee cculd have feuffieient confidence to ask for another scholarship. Dr Rees said that, Mr Gwilym Evans had forgotten the cares' of the students in pre- vious years who. had taken the scholasrhips creditably. Mr Gwilym Evans said that, he d'd not think they ought, to extend their scheme of Technical Instruction at the present time. j They h-d a big bill before Parliament, whereby all the. education of the county would be thrown together, and would be under the control of ,the- County Council. They might resolve that they would not put the Bill in force, but. he was sorry for the children of the county whose education would bo neglected while they were fight'ng with the Gover aiment. He pitied the chil- dren but he pitied those who had passed the resolution much more. He hoped that they were not going to adopt all these sehemeis, and then find that everything was higgledy-piggledy. Dr Thomas supported, and after a dis- cussion it was decided not to have another ruining scholarship. THE EXPERIMENTAL FARM. Sir James Hills Johnes: moved that the recommendation in favour of an experimen- tal farm be adopted. The representatives of the six County Councils were unanimous en the subject-that, it was absolutely necessary to have such a farm in order to teach agri- culture to the students at Abery.stwith. 114 John John-- said that the time might I come Avnea Carmarthenshire would have an experimental farm, of their own; but he thought that as climate had a. good deal to do with farming, and as there was a good deal of difference between the climate of Car marthenshire ajid the climate cf Aberysbvith the farm would not be cf so much service. There! was also no> arrangement made as to what would be done in case they wished to withdraw after a time, if they did not like it. He moved that the scheme be not adopted until terms were come to as to what would be done in the event of withdrawal, and until they had better arrangements. The. Chairman said that, the success of this scheme depended greatly on the Government grant. They had been, r dvised by an official of the Board of Agriculture that a grant would in all probability be made to a farm which was, established; but, they could not get a granti until it was established. Mr D C Parry said that, he did not see why the industrial parts of the county should be taxed to support the agricultural parts. When people went, in for any other trade, they had to be taught, it, at their own ex- pense, but it seemed to be taken for granted that people should be taught farming at the expense of the community. If this experi- mental farm- was going to be a, good paying conccr/i, as it was represented, the best thing would be to form a. limited liability company to carry it on. Dr Thomas said that Mr Parry was looking at the question in a very selfish way they were capable of looking after the, industrial interests of the East, as of the agriculture of the West. If agriculture were encouraged in the county, the industrial population wou'd benefit by it a.s well. If they went in for an experimental farm, and all the other things proposed lie did not. know where they would land in the end. Instead of sending more money up to Cardiganshire, he thought that they as a fairly rich county ought to be able to start, an experimental farm of their own, or if not, they might have experimental plots in different parts of the county which would be an object lesson to the farmers (hear, hear). It would be a long time before a few farmer's sens going up to Aberystwith would have much effect on the farming of the county when they came back, they would only be looked upon as little upstarts who knew nothing. The Chairman mentioned that there was nothing in Ireland with which they had been so much impressed in their recent trip to Ireland as with tha model farm as Glasnevin. Mr Gwilym Evans said that, after a'l he had heard lately, he was forry he, did not live in Ireland. It seemed to be the most happy country on- earth (laughter). They seemed to have: everything delightful and nice n Ireland, whist our own farmers were asleep. Th Chairman You are out of order. We art: net. discussing Ireland. Mr Gwilym Evans: Never mind have said what I have wanted to say. Mr Augustus Brigstccke said that they were sending their farmers' sons to Aberyst- with for agricultural education; and they were greatly handicapped at Aberystwi^h for the want of such a, farm. Mr John Lloyd said that he was suprised to find Mr John Johns opposing this seeing that he was a. member of the joint, committee which had unanimously recommended the scheme to the favourable consideration of the County Council. Mr John Johns said that that did not at all contradict hs proposal which wa.s that they shoul adjourn the mattet until they could get better conditions. Mr John Lloyd said that Dr Thomas had talked of sending money out of the county. Ha'dn't. he sent his money out of the county when he went to the London hospitals. He would naver have. been a, doctor^ if he had remained in his own county. Dr Thomas We have no college here. Mr John Lloyd said that experimental farms were necessarily conducted at a, loss but although money was lost, in carrying out the experiments, the result was a, great gain to the community. If they were to go in for an experimental farm for the whole county, they would get. a, 3d or a 6d rat- instead of a Id rate. If they went. in. for a farm for the county as Mr W. N. Jones proposed, they would be preparing to say "How do you do ?" to the Official Receiver, and would be within me.a.snrapn distenee of coming urvder the hammer of Mr Jones himself. T„c^ ex- perimental farm <vo»W eutaal «» of £ 150 for 5 yeam e'° yMr 'n> Tliev ,vonld have to go in for a ponny whether they decided to have, an cxywliiineii- tal farm or not, fe-r expenditure was greatly in exceK of their income. If they had adopted tV r?ccmmciKM:cn ot Dr .J.1_- R. Thomas -:a.ii,d bis tnc^cis other day, it would have made more th,1 this. Mr Ticoroning said that they could not by- law levy mfire, than. » prnny rate for Tecnni- eal Instruction. It w.a\ tha"*ofe'"a, luoicio.N to gentlcmcea talking of c-ixpot?.ny end thraspenny ratc.s. T1. e question was. whether they would not, have to go in for a penny late, even without an experimental farm. Dr Reüs said htat if all the schemes re- commended were adopted, they would have £ 250 a. year to the good in case they adopted the penny rate. Sir James Hills-Johnes said tha,t, he was surprised at the Conference to find that, for once Mr John agreed, and did not open his mont' (laughter). Mr John rose to reply, but was stopped by crcs of Vote, vote." In the end, the motion was carried by 23 votes as against 16 for the amcendment. AGRICLTURAL INSTRUCTION. The next item was to consider the item in the report of the Technical Instruction Com- mittee to tht effect that the recommenda- tion to have an instructor for the county in agriculture, veterinary science, etc., ptc, be not, PIopted. Mr W. N. Jones said thale moved an amendment that they do adopt this recom- mendation. He thought the time had arrived when they ought to have an instructor of their own. At present they paid Aberys with JE60, f-nd for this they got lectures at te:i centres. Mr William Davies Recorded. Professor Jones said that they were nort- gaged up to within tIO of the penny rate already, and if they decided to appoint this instructor they would go zC240 beyond it,. He tk-ought, that before, discussing these I various items, they ought, first of all to de- cide whether they would have the penny rate Dr Thoma s said that, he was afraid that, the trip to Ireland had upset, the heads of the committee absolutely. He wsa glad that he was not one of the party. He had always given, the chairman, credit for being level- headed, but this visit to Ireland seemed to have really and truly upset, him altogether. He horsed that the other memberswho had not gone to Ireland would be lucid enough to vote against all this expenditure. Became these gentlemen had enjoyed themselves: so w 11 in Ireland that, wa :7-to reason why the others should go in for this extra expense. It was full time a stop were put to this spending madness which seemed to have seized the County Council. Mr John Lloyd said that, thay were a-ked to go in for a, man who would be a jack of all trades. How on earth could a man be an authority on veterinary science, cattle rearing, bee keeping, and all the rest. At the Cork exhibition— Dr Thomas I rise to a, point of qtrdsr, we are not discussing Ireland. Mr John Lloyd said that at the Cork Exhibition, they saw experts dealing with each subject. Dr Thomas That is Ireland all through. Mr John Lloyd said t' at he could not understand gentlemen standing up for the interests of the ratepayers, and then prc- posing to spend L250 a year. It wa, decided almost unanimously not to appoint an instructor. DOMESTIC ECONOMY. The next recommeendation of the Techni- cal Instruction Committee was that an in- structress in doemstic economy, laundry, dressmaking, house-keeping, and practical millinery be engaged, at a, salary of E150 a year, including travelling expenses. Dr Thomas thought that this work could much better be done, by the Intermediate Schoo He was a manager cf an later- Intermediate School which had applied to the Committee for help, but the Committee had p oved to be Job's comforters. The Chairman You are out of order. Dr Thomas You are putting a very narrow grove, for me to keep in to-day. Mr Gwilym Evans suggested that this be deferred until the; Educat on Bill came into force. Mr John Lloyd fizaid that a, small percen- tage of the girls of the county went to intermediate schools. The girls who became cooks could not afford to go to intermediate schools. Dr Thomas Doesn't a farmer's wife want to learn cookery as well as anything else. Mr John Lloyd said that the Intermediate Schools had not sufficient scope. They wan- ted to meat the servant girls and others in the °< unty, who cculd not go to Inter- mediate schools. The girls in Intermediate schools knew more about tennis and such things. After further discussion, it was decided with only a few /dissentients to employ the instructress. A PENNY RATE. Dr Rees moveed, Mr B. Evans seconded, that they make a penny rate for Technical Instruction. Dr Thomas, in opposing said that, it was time they muzzled the Technical Instruction Committee so far as expenditure was con- cerned. Theey were the spending depart- ment of the Council and they were not as a body representative of the Council. Mr Gwilym Evans in seconding suggested that the amendment be that the proposal be deferred for a, year. Dr Thomas agreed to this. In answer to Mr Gwilym Evans, The Clerk said it-hat. his opinion was that the Urban District of Llanelly, or any urban dis.tr < t, might levy a, Technical Instruction Rate cf its own, but the, County Council could levy the county Technical Rate on them. Mr Gwilym Evans said that t'e late Olerk of the. Peace thought that Llanelly would have power to levy its own rp,t, and to decline to b? rated by the Council. If the County Council went in for an experi- mental farm, they would certainly decline to be rated for ;t.. Mr Lloyd said that Mr Gwilym Evans was always holding out. this bogey. Were the Llanelly people. likely to do so now after talking about it for years. I The members voted as follows For raising the rate, from -7-d to Id.—The Chairman, Mr J. W. Gwynne Hughes, Sir James Hills Johnes, Mr John Le.wis, Rev W. Thomas, Mr A. Brigstocke, Mr J. Joseph, Sir Lewis Morris, Mr T. Barrett., Mr D. Dav'' Mr D. Davies (Newcastle), Mr Ben. Evans, Mr W. Jenkins, Mr James John, Professor Jones, Mr T. Jones (Conwil), Mr W. Jones (Llandilo), Mr J. Lloyd, Mr C. E. Morris, Dr Rces, Mr John Reees, Rev J. H. Rees, Mr J. Scouirfield, Mr Alfred St,opb.-rs, Mr W. Griffiths, Mr T. F. Wil-kiiis-26. Against.—Mr David Evans, Mrr R. W. Stephens, Mr J. Beavan, Mr Tr<»goning, Mr May1 erry, Mr D. Stephens, Mr D. Br wen. Mr D. Davies (Llandebie), Mr W. Mabon Davies, Mr Gwilym Evans. Mr W. Powell Jeffreys, Mr D. John (Felinfocl), Mr John John, Rev T. Johns, Mr T. Jones (Llanelly), Mr W. N. Jones, Col. Lewes. Mr D. C. Parry, Mr J 11r,w. Thomas, and Dr Thomas— 20. Th9 Council rose at 4.15 p.m., not half the business on the. agenda, having been transac- ted. An adjourned mc-cicting v/ill be held next. Wednesday. THE IRISH TRIP. The following report was issued with the agenda. It, will be considered at the ad- journed meeting:- At a meeting of the delegates to Ireland held cn Monday, October 6:h, 1902, at the Shire Hall, Carmarthen, at 2.30 p.m., pre- sent Messrs H. Jones-Da vies, J. W. Gwynne I Hughl", J. Scourlitld, 11. Jouss-Thoinas, and J. Lloyd Thomas (Carmarthenshire), Messrs. A. Brig> tocke and W. T'. Davies (Cardigan- shire), Messis J. M. Evans and W. Lawrence (Pembrokeshire). Mr A. Brigstocke was voted to the chair. Resolved that a vote of condolence be passed with the family of the late Mr T. R. Hugh s. of Neuadd, Cardiganshire, and "hat the Secretary convey to his widow the sym- pathy of the delegates with her in the loss she h s sustained. The recommendations of the sub-committee were then considered seriatim. and were eventually adopted in the following form 1. That we place on record our conviction that the- principles of Agricultural Co-opera- tion as established on the model of several European Countries, and as successfully applied in Ireland, are eminently adapted to further the present condition of agricclture in West Wales, and that their adoption is highly desirable in the farming interest. 2. That the comparative failures of the butter factories hitherto established in Wrcst WTales is attributable in the main to the fact aat the Elementary principles of Agri- cultural Co-operation have not been applied to their formation and subsequent conduct. The following contrast will sufficiently ex- plain our meaning — (a). In Ireland care has been taken before starting a factory in, a particular district to bring home to the farmers of the locality (1) The advantages of making butter on the, factory system, (2) The advantages of fac- tories being genuinely co-operative, that is entirely owned and managed by the farmers themselves. In Wales, however, no attempt has hitherto been made to prepare the way by a. systematic and continuous insistence on these principles without, which no permanent success can be obtained. (b) In Ireland all the shares in the various factories are held by the farmers themselves at the rate of £ 1 for each cow owned. No other person is allowed to hold shares, as experience has taught the farming district that the success of a factory depends entirely upon a regular supply of m 'k from the shareholders. The Irish have realised the full meaning of the important axiom that it is Milk and not Money, that is the essential feature. in establishing a, butter factory. In Wales, on the other hand, the greater part, of the capital, instead of being subscribed by the farmers, has been found for them, thus destroying all initiative and sense of responsibility on their part. Further, fuch a course renders- difficult the guarantee of a regular fupply of milk, whereas under the Co-operative sytsem the fact. that the farmers hold a £1 share for each cow they own, makes them individually responsible to the whole concern, and affords in itself a suffi- cient, guarantee of a. regular milk supply. (c) In Ireland the- farmers) themselves ob- tain the initial capital required to bu'ld and equip their butter afctories. by the adoption of a simple system of co-operative credit. This system provides a, m ans whereby on payment, by the farmer of an instalment of 58 in Respect of his £1 share, the. balance is, provided by the local bank, and is repa id by easy instalments out of the profits of the factory. In Wales no attempt has been made to enable the farmer to finance himself on jo nt credit. Therefore, when the provi- sion of the capital sum necessary to erect and equip a, factory is required, it has hitherto been considered beyond the rcach of the ordinary farmer, with the result that shareholders have to be obtained outside the farming interest, thus contravening tne essential principle that no one should become a shareholder who is not a farmer, or in other words a supplier of milk. It may be stated that the risk of finding the balance of capital in the manner adopted in Ireland is infinitesimal, and is in direct proportion to a farmer's means. (d) In Ireland the Committee of Manage- ment of the factories has, invariably been in the hands of the shareholders who are all farmers, and who naturally closely inspect the conduct of a business in which they and their brother farmers hold the entire interest We unhestatingly rfT.rr.i that factories in Ireland have prospered in no small degree owing to the fact that they have been well managed and it is equally true that in Wales they have too frequently proved failures owing to a management conducted on defective and unbusinesslike lines. In Wele it is not unusual to place local trades- men upon a committee that should consist entirely of farmers, thus introducing conflict- ing interests, and consequently a line of policy—such as competition between rival factories and the purchase of butter by a factory from outside—that is antagonistic to true co-operation. (e) In Ireland every care has been taken to start the factories in the most suitable places, and to spend the least possible rum in the erecting of buildings and plant. In Wales the butter factories have been built without any regard to their suitability for the distrct, wth the result that. in some places they are brought into sharp competi- tion with the milk trade. (f) It is reported from Lampeter that a special difficulty in the successful working of the fatcory there has presented itself owing to the need of an agent. to push their trade, and also in dealing with the Railway Com- panies whose charges' for rates are con- sidered excessive. We found in Ireland that the same difficulties had presented them- selves, but, thpt they had beien overcome by an extension of the principles of Co-operation in the establishment of the Irish Co-operative Agency Society, full particulars of which will be found in the body of the detailed narrative accompanying these recommenda- tions. To sum up we attribute the failure^ of our local Factories to — (1) Ignorance on the part of our farmers of the modern conditions of the butter trade (2) Ignorance of the merits of Co-operative dairying, and of the advantages attending the application of co-operative, principles and co-operative credit to the formation and working of a butter factory. (3). Unsuitability of titration and unsatis- factory management. And with a view cf cli-iiiil-P,tilig these prin- ciples in th? agriculturrl districts the follow- ing recommendation is rr.asTe :— (3) That the County Councils of Pem- brokes' ire and Cardiganshire t?ke steps to obtain the sanction (recently obtained by the County Council of Carmarthenshire) cf the Board of Education, under Section 8 of the Technical Instruction Act, 1889, for the ex- penditure of money upon instruction in the principles and practice of Agricultural Co- operation, and that such rowers, when ob- tained, be applied by the three Counties: — (a) In appointing itinerant instructors in the principles and practice cf Agricultural Co-operation, and in promoting the training of organsiers in co-operation at suitable centres in the three County. (b) In securing the appointment of a Dairy Instructress, who should be thoroughly con- versant with the principles of co-operative dairying. (c) In ensuring that the itineraut intsm^ tors to be appointed devote special attention ,to the formation of co-operative poultry socio.S in various districts. (4) That the three County Councils should take steps to organise a thorough uf direct representation between themselves and the Board of Agriculture on the one hand, and with the. District Councils, Parish Councils, and local Co-operative Societies on the other hand, in order that the work J already being done for the advancement of Agriculture may be more effectually carried out, and that such representation be used I as the direct instrument for ascertaining the needs of the farmers in the more remote rural districts. (5) That the three County Councils should draw the attention of Welsh landlords to the desirability and importance of their estab- I lishing demonstration plots for the purpose of 'making experiments with a v ew of test- ing the qualities of different soils, crops, and manures. (6) That the three County Councils be urged to provide instruction in, and facili- ties for the promotion of rural industries, inch ng the cultivation of osiers. (7) That the several Elementary School Authorities throughout the County be urged to establish School Gardens in connection with their schools, as a means of promoting the study of practical horticulture. (8) That we approve of the Irish Live I Stock Scheme as detailed in the first Annual Report of the Department of Agricultural and Technical Instruction for Ireland 1900-1. and we recommend that application b: made to the Government to sanction a similar scheme for Wales. (9) That we cordially approve of the pro- posal to establish at Aberystwith a Joint College and Counties Experimental Farm, and we reccmmend that it should be estab- lished on the lines of the Glasnevin Model Farm, near Dublin. We further recommend that the offer made us by Mr Clune, the manager cf Glasnevin Farm, to visit us for the purpose of assisting in the inauguration of the experimental farm, be gratefully accepted. (10) That as a further means of educating the farmers and ethers interested in Agri- culture, exhibitions of all the latest develop- ments resulting from co-operative farming be .held from time to time at Carmarthen as a convenient centre for the three Counties. Such exhibtiions should include working models of the latest plant employed by co- operative societies throughout the world, and demonstrations should be given of the most recent economical devices and improvements adopted in the management and feeding of stock, and the results of the most recent experiments in the profitable cultivation of land. In our opinion, such an exhibition under proper management, could be made self-supporting, and would stamp our County Councils as being the most useful and pro- gressive educational body in the Principality (11) That we recommend to our County Councils and our representatives in Parlia- ment the desirability of impressing upon the Government, the importance of establishing a Department of Agriculture for Wales, as being the only means of ascertaining direet'y the needs of Welsh farmers. It was resolved that these recommenda- tions be printed and forwarded to each of the delegates for signature, and that a copy be sent to each member of the County Council cf Carmarthenshire, and that the Clerks of the County Councils of Pembroke- shire and Cardiganshire be asked to forward copies to each member of their Councils. Resolved that the narrative of the tour which, with the above recommendations, would constitute tl1-S- complete report, be laid before the County Councils at their next meeting. The Organising Secretary produced certain bills for stationery, typewrting the report, postages and telegrams, amounting to C3 2s 101,d., and it was recommended that the three Councils riay the amount in equal shares. Resolved that fi hearty vote of thanks be awarded to Mr H. Jones-Davies, Organising Secretary, for the trouble he had taken in connection with the tour and the prepara- tion of the report, and for the uniform cour- tesy and attention he had displayed to all the delegates during the whole course cf the proceedings.
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Welsh Professional Cycling Championship. TOM JAMES v TOM WILLIAMS. JAMES STILL VICTORIOUS. A series of cycle races, which excited more than nsual interest in the Rhondda Valleys and among local cyclists generally, took place on Monday on the Pontypridd track for 150 and the Welsh professional championship. This is now held by Tom James, of Mountun Ash, who some weeks ago threw out a challenge, which went a- begging for some time. Eventually it was accepted by Toga Williams, Hafod, who jumped into the front rank last season, and attracted considerable attention when he recently defeated several well-known cracks at Cardiff. After that achievement Williams went to Russia, where he did remarkably well, and his supporters looked forward with eager interest to Monday's meeting with James, who maintains the reputation which he made years ago as one of Wales's best and hardest riders. Three events were to bo decided, the distances being quarter-mile, half-mile, and one mile, respectively. The stakeholder and referee was Mr- D lvid Williams, Greyhound Hotel, and Mr T E Lewis., as starter. Both men have beea training for some time, James at Carmar- then and Williams at Pontypridd. There was a big attendance, and the two riders were warmly greeted as they appeared on the track. Each had a strong following, and though James appeared to be the favourite before the race began it was evident that Williams's supporters had every confidence that if he would not actually win he would iun his opponent very closely. The firt event was three quarter mile, and the men appeared on the mark at a quarter to 5. J aines got off the mark first, and maintained the lead throughout. Williams made a plucky attempt to pass him as he reached the bond nearest home, and although he managed to gain a little on the home straight, James won by a few inches. Williams has been seen to better advantage, and his start was indifferent. The hilf-mile event followed and James had tho inside position. Both crawled about ten yards from the mark, and eventually Williams had the rear position. He kept behind James about a yard until he had gone half round the second lap, when in the straight he made the jump that has so largely helped him in previous matches. For about 50 yards the men rode abreast, bat as the bend was reached James took the lead, but though Williams in th9 straight made a plucky attempt to retrieve his position James wor, by a yard. The third event-the mile—was not run, James having won two out of three events retains the championship.
AD Athletic Fraud. A WARNING TO LOCAL FOOT RUNNERS. On Monday at thA County Police Court, Wrexham, James Lucas Phillips, of School Qlose, Coleham, Shrewsbury, a well-known amateur runuer in the Midlands, was charged with obtaining a silver plated tea urn, value, R4, by false pretences. Mr Frank Kineey, of Crewe, prosecuted on behalf of the Amateur Athletic Association of England. On the 16th of August sports, under the rules of the A.A.A., were held at Stantsy Park near Wrexham. Among the entry forms sent in was one purporting to signed by William Phillips, of School Close, Coleham, Shrewsbury, who entered in the mile race and received 125 yards start, the official handicapper believing him to be a novice, the brother of the defendant. J L Phillips was also entitled by the rules of the Assocation to 85 yards, and probably he would have had even less than that. Evidence was g:,vcn that defendant came out in the name of W Phillips, and stated than ho wanted to be penalised for having won a mile race a few days previously alter his entry had been sent in. He was placed on the 111 yards mark and won very easiiy. Also that he ran at the Ruabon sports on Whit-Monday in the namo of J L Phillips, and won the 440 yards handicap off the 22 yards mark. and competed in the mile race off the 85 yards mark, but did not finish, owing to losing one of his pumps. Defendant had written to Mr Thomas Maxwell Abraham, Beech Mount, Crewe, vice-prebident of the A.A A., expressing regret and promising to return the prizes he had won. He was sent to prison for- one month with hard labour.
Drank 10,950 Pints of Whisky, An inquest was held at Bath on Saturday 01 Edward Howard Sanders (70) of London, The widow stated that the deceased, who. was a county-court judge twenty-five years ago, had been iu the habit of taking a pint of whiskey per day for thirty years, besides wine Replying to the coroner, the witness said she had watered the whisky, but it was no good—he drank three times as much. A doctor said it was marvellous that the deceased had not died before, The jury returned a verdict of heart failure accelerated by the excessive use of alcohol.
LLANDOVERY. PROPERTY SALE.—At the Castle Hotel, Llandovery, on Friday afternoon. Messrs Morgan and Davies offered two farms, situate in the parish of Llanfairarybryn, Carmarthenshire. Mr W Rees, solicitor, Llandovery, represented the vendor. The freehold farms known as Masygwaelod, containing nearly 72 acres, let at the annual rental uf £ 35, was withdrawn at £800, The freehold farm called Penwaur., adjoining containing, 1691 acres, let at the rent of f35 per annum, was knocked down to Mr Jeffrey Morgan. Velingutto Mill, near Llandovery, for X945 timber, £ 10 in addition.
NARBERTH. WEDDING.-On Saturday te marriage of Mr Gwynne OPeikins, youngest son < f Mr H Perkins, High-street, Fishguard, to Miss Sarah Parry, only daughter of Mr George Parry, Dunnottor House. Narberth, took place at the Congregational Chapel. Narberth. The ceremony was pcrformad by the Rev R J Williams, the pastor. The bride, who was given away by her father, wore cream crepe de chine over cream satin, trimmed with lace, and a large pltimod hat. She waa attended as bridesmaids by \iiss Reynolds, Covenhy, and Miss Phyllie Reynolds, Narberth, her cousing. The best man was Mr J W John, London and Pro- vincial Bank, Stratford. During the after- noon the happy pair left for tho South of England to spend the honeymoon.
L A U G II A R N E POKTREEYE'S BANQUET --At tho Brown's I Hotel, on Tuesday evening, a largo com- pany sat down to a banquet at the invitation of the Portrevc (Mr David) This is a time- honoured function, in connection with a Corporation unique m Wales aud with only oue parallel iu the Kingdom.
LLANDILO. FrERAL OF MnR. WILLIAMS, JvIKC's Hi: W).— This took phce on Thursday of last week, and was I Pry largely attended by people from far nnJ rear. Tliesrivire.it the Iv.use was P.Titir,ly conducted by .(> Rev T. C. Ilort-,b. and in tiiv church j ■ nd at t.iio gra\tside by the R^vs J. James and Oynon linghes, curate. A concluding hymn wu J giveu oat by the Rev T. E. Nicholas.