CARMARTHEN UNDER THE SEARCH LIGHT Crmc crop, tnl sit you down you stall not budge You shall not go, till I set you up a gla-s, Where you may ree the itmost part of you ————— SHAKISPKABK. Golf is making great progress. Several menibers who used to be quite dumb can now speak it with amazing fluency. Mr Pickard. of University College, Aber- ystwith—tlhe horticultural lecturer for the Carmarthenshire County Council-is now in this neighbourhood delivering lectures at rural centres. Carmarthen Borough is Cill titled to have a course of ithese lectures; but sho has never made application for them. We pay the rates for these county expenses; but we never claim any of the county privileges. When Mr ¡,Yo Lileweiyn Williams, M.P., visited Carmarthen. last week, he was waited on by a deputation of the coraclemen who washed him to use his influence to have the season extended. The coraclemen wish a uniform close time, for the district-if not for the kingdom. At present, the Teiifi has a much longer season tlhan the Towy. Mr Lle\veiy;n> Williams .advised the fishermen to get the Conservators to pass a resolution- to that effect, and said that then he hoped with the co-operation of the member for West Carmarthenshire to endeavour to get the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries to sanc- tion the change. ••• It is to be feared that the local Fishery Board is a fatal bar to such a change being carried out. The Conservators are not very much in favouir of any proposal which would mean a considerable curtailment of the close season. It is hopeless to expect the authori- ties in London to sanction a drastic change, unless it is warmly supported by the Fishery Board; they do not always agree to drastic changes even if the Fishery Board favours them. If a uniform close time be ever adopted, It is much more likely—in view of current ideas on the subject—that the longest close time and not the shortest will be taken as the basis of the uniformity. The, Rev W. D. Rowlands made some re- marks the other evening on the Cigarette Bill, which convince me that he has not given the subject sufficiently close attention. He suggests that elders will have the power to search the pockets of youngsters and to confiscate for their own special bene-fit any tobacco which they find in the pockets afore- said—I am trying to express the idea legally. This lookso-ni the face of it Ike a great helnefit to parents and guardians. But like many other protmising schemes, it its a mockery, a delusion, amd a snare. In the good old days—or the bad old days -ciora,rotit,es were beyond the roach of the average boys. Thirty years ago, cigarettes were a luxury; they were only smoked in the highest circles in this country; and they were miade of the choicest Mends of tobacco. A packet could 'not be had for less than six- pence—it was usually a packet of ten; and they were really considered "no class." In those primitive days, boys who wished to smoke bought a penn'orth of plug, and a ha penmycllay pipe. Three or four con- spi.rators similarly equipped would foregather in a stable or some similar retreat and pro- ceed to consummat.e their guilt. By the time they had got half way through the first pipe, they felt that they were really desperate characters who could march proudly to Tower Hill with smiles on their faces. By the time they had got three quarters of the way through they felt that if somebody would only take them and bury them where the daisies grow, they would be happy for ever more. A degenJerate race of youths who could not face this initiatory ordeal, find the five-a- penny cigarette an easy read to wickedness. The present age has produced many "royal roads" to learning. There lare systems on the market 'by which you cam learn French or German in three months—and forget it all in three weeks. Even poor old Euclid is to be disestablished and we are go'nig to have mathematics taught on a more gentlemanly principle. Eucid always wished to prove everything—although most of us wore quite willing to take his word as a gentleman with- out his going to a.l the trouble he did. The generation which produced the free wheel bicycle puts a free wheel on education, and in nothing has it succeeded so well as in the practice of smoking. But the suppression of cigarette smoking will not provide the parent with mare tobacco It may have quite the contrary effect. When the small boy in the palmy days of Queem Victora could not raise a penny for twist, lie used to watch a suitable chance and liave a "fill" out of his father's tobacco pouch. The father used to notice that his tobacco was going very quickly; but a recollection of his own doings in the palmy days of Geo. IV. never suggested an explanation, to his mind. This is the sort of thJimg which we may expect when the sale of cigaretltes to children is stopped. AVhenever anybody proposes any- thing in the way of moral reform, there are always opponents who prove conclusively that the suggested reform will really be the ruin. of the country so I thought I woud be first in the matter of the cigarette. When disaster follows on such legislation, I hope the public will remember that I have warned them. **# The Carmarthenshire Education Com- mittee is vastly troubled over the problem of the school attendance of babies. It seems that in many districts the schools prove too smal for the simple reason that children from three years upwards—aind sometimes downwards—are sent there. This looks at first bluish lilke a tremendous enthusiasm for education; .biit it isn't. It is a tremendous determination on the part of the mothers to get rid of them. Stall the mothers ought not to be judged too (harshly. Those who do not know what it is for six children to live in two rooms ought not to poss an opinion on the difficulties of life in a crowded industrial distract. It is only .natural that the mother should not want to have them at home until they are five years old. When the four year old has fallen with his head in the coal bucket and is howl- ing for rescue, the two year old seizes the opportuliiity of the diversion to put into prac- tice a long cherished desgn of having a good square m-eal of yellow soap. Whilst these two little affairs are beinig straightened out, the mother hears a scream in the kitchen, and is divided between two fearful surmises— whether the baiby has pulled the kettle off the fire or has pulled the eight-day clodk down and is suffocating ^beneath the ruins. ••• If the children are kept in tlhe house until they are five years old, the Asylum will have to be enlarged to meet the great influx of mothers. If the children are allowed to go out to play in the streets, one never knows what terrible things to expect. There is nothing so painful as to see the look on a motorist's face when he has to pull up to avoid running over a ibaiby. To give them fairplay the motorics do not waiiit to run over babies. The, safety pins get into the tyres and cause a lot of trouble. Still acoi- dents may happen; and it e not advisabe to have the traffic pbst-eted by babies. Under the circumstances, the school ap- pears to be the most natural place for them. There are people who say that what is wam,ted is not a school but a creche. I don't approve of these foreign iraivenitons. I am not quite sure what the French word mea.ns; but it is sure to be something immoral, and on general principles it, ought to be opposed. All that is wanted is some place where the children will be taken care of and properly locked after by ,alfi¡ experienced matron, whilst their mothers attend to their duties. It may be that this oughit to be provided at the public expense; but if so, the public ought to pay for it with their eyes open. They ought not to be deluded into paying for it under the guise of an Education Rate. **< Industrial school boys are a regular feature of our local police courts. The youth who appeared on Saturday before the magis- trates came from Sheffield. This boy had stolen a lamp. This may have be oil due to a laudable desire for more light; but the dcings of tll I;; class of 'boy shows that it is immaterial to them what they take sometimes. They are sometimes seized with a desire for change of scenery. The usel-essness of the articles which they take would seem to suggest that their only desire is to retain some little memento of their happy life in Wales. It i3 quite comforting to find that the Te-iiai, s Club has had its annual meeting, and has made its arrangements for the coming season. Tennis—the very word—carries with it an atmosphere of green, lawn-3, long summer evenings, and 'bright sunshine. It is good to think that people, are making arrangements for such a s ;.te of affairs again —even thouL at present we wallow in at atmosphere of damp, cold, and influenza. I was told on Saturday night that there were 300 affected with influenza in Carmar- then. This statement needs correction, There aire 301 victims now. Typhoid still hangs persistently eibout Car- marthen. It might open the eyes of the general public, if they knew how long this disease has clung to the town without inter- mission. Once mponl a time it was announced with a great flourish of trumpets that the town !had long been in a very unhealthy state, but that now everything was going to. be put right. I won't say that there is more typhoid in town than. ever, because someibody might rake up some record of an epidemic during the last century, and prove that things were very bad at one period. But there is cer- tainly a remarkably steady succession of typhoid cases ill, Carmarthen—so much so that unless it stops, very serious notice will have to he taken, of It. Is our water supply quite above the suspicion of contamination? «** Carmarthen has been, treated to the un- usual spectacle of a prosecution against a person who pursued Ihas "ordinary calling" on Sunday. We have had plenty of Sabbath- breaking in Carmarthen. For one thing, in the summer time hundreds of motorists go careering through the -LoiN-n-certa,iiily to the great annoyance of the public. Every chauffeur who drives a motor car fo.r hire or salary is liable to conviction under the Act of Charles II. Xobody ever suggests that they be prosecuted. **# Numerous parties drive in ibrakes to Llan- stephan on Sunday. The drivers might all be convicted under the Act. And the con- duct of the returning beanfesters is occa- sionally rowdy. Nobody suggests that they be prosecuted. Occasionally work is done in connection with steamers art the Quay on Sunday. Nobody suggests that the men be prosecuted. Every Sunday morning you meet post-men delivering letters. This is clearly a breach, of the Act; aind the postmen -.aaid probably "also the Postmaster-General —are liable to prosecution. Yet nobody raises a fii-iger againrt them. «#• Every Sunday morning you meet numerous boys selling newspapers. It is not the "British Weekly" they are selling nor even the "Sunday Companion." They are hawk- ing the kind of papers which give a full, true aind particular account written by a bigamist and desctilbing has adventures with his 32 "wives." These newspapers are hawked during .the time ithart church goers attend Divine Worship. And yet nobody proposes prosecution in such cases. After aid this, it is frivolous to speak of small shops selling sweets and light refresh- ments. But several small shops have done this. You can meet tlhe children on Sunday afternoon., munching their purchases. But at last, it has been decided to vindicate the law. So it was decided to prosecute a trader who sells ice cream-during certain hours at which he is licensed to sell refreshments. «** In the face of all this, the fact that this one man has been pounced upon really calls for some explanation. Two blacks do not make white. Neither do a hundred. But if a hundred people notoriously contravene the Act of Charles II., it loots raitber like perse- cution than prosecution to make a dead set against one offender and to ignore the other ninety-nine. Apparently, the Sabbath pos- sessed no sanctity in Caiirnartlie-n until an Italian came here to break it. It is difficuilt to find any adequate motive for this prosecu- tion but whatever it was, it wias scarcely a consistent respect either for the law or for the Sabbath. Let us enforce the law by all means; but don't let it rust in its scabbard and then sharpen, it up for the especial bene- fit of a solitary foreigner! **♦ There were 82 applicants for a vacancy which had to be filled by the Carmarthen- shire Education Committee this week. Of these, seven bore the historic name of Jones, and two of these bore the excessively patri- otic name of David Jones. *•* We often hear of the Medical Officer ordering schools to be closed because of the prevalence of measles. It is strange that the Sanitary Authorises (never insist on the sus- pension of all public meetings during the epidemic of influenza. Thus all political meetings, all Town Coilncil, and all County Council meetings might be prohibited for a week. -No doubt they conitriibuto largely to spread the infection. I say nothing about forbidding attendance at church. No check requires to be put in for tha.t, for people are not very enthusiastic aJbout it when they nave a plausible excuse for staying away. Still, if all public meertilngs were suspended for a week, it might do a lot of good; and I a'm sirre it would do nobody any harm. The Territorial Army is a i-nueli more com- plicated affair than the Volunteers. We have to find 12/ infantry men and 60 pontoon engineers m the Carmarthen district—which embraces Kidwelly on one hand and Laugh- arne on the other. If there is any enthusiasm for the movement at all, it ought to be easy to find this number of men. The pontoon engineers ought to be very popular. To build bridges at an hour's notice ds quite as interesting as cricket when you get used to it. Indeed if the Territorial Army is taken up in a proper spouting spirit, it ought to be a great success. ##» There is no concealing the fact that the Scheme is to a great extent depelndeitlrt on politics. It is a Liberal scheme, and there are many Tories who would be glad to. see it wrecked in order to discredit its promoters. Un the other hand, many Liberals in Wales are not much in favour of militarism. It is not likely that many Libeiial lea,ders will come forward and take a promniient part in stimulating the. movement.. So apart from those who have the real military zeal, the scheme will niot have mucin public support. Much more depends on the Territorial Army than many of us fancy If it fails there will be little between us and conscript tion. Many of us feel that we have: no inte- rest in that prospect as our grey hairs (or our bald heads) will protect us from the recruiting sergeant. But it may mean that every boy who is growing up now will have to spend a year in barracks. I am not at all convinced that conscription: would be quite a bad thing. We hear a good deal about German competition; but is iit not possible that much of the success of German labour military training. Whatever argu- ments may be used against it, there is this to belaid un favour of militarism-^that iit might have been the salvation of many shirkers if they had had at an early age to Undergo twelve months hard training during which 01l'y warn to do as they were ordered whether -it was agreeable or mot N where will the appointment of Mr J. Lloyd Morgan, K.C., M.P., as Recorder of Swansea, be more appreciated than in his native town of Carmarthen. The appoint- ment necessitates a bye-election. Mr Lloyd Morgan is .not permanently disqualified; but he cannot sit in Parliament until lie is re- eected. It used to be the custom of Kings and Ministers to buy up M.P.'s by giving them good jobs and in order to remedy that evil it was decided that any member accent- ing an office. of Profit under the Crown should have to resign ihis seat. If his constituents were satisfied with his conldudt they could return him; if they thought it was a "jolb" in more aenses- than one, they might decide to have somebody else to represent them. It is not likely that there will be anv opposition to the election of Mr J. Lloyd Morgan. The slight differences which he had at one time with certain of his constitu- ents have long since evaporated. The very fact that a man honestly expresses his dis- agreement on a certain point—which is now as dead as the Jacobite question—makes his agreement with his party on all other poillts all the more valuable. On the other hand, Mr Lloyd iMoragn is not likely to be opposed by the Conservatives. Apart from politics, they have every confidence in him and they are not inclined to have a fight in West Car- marthenshire, the most Radical constituency in Wales, on a purely political issue. ••• It is much to be regretted that one of the Socialist speakers at the Guildhall the other night should have made rather an uncalled for attack on the morals of the upper classes. No good is done by introducing personal matters into any political or religious con- troversy. these are questions of principle. Besides the attack on. Society is not quite justified. It is not "Society" which keeps the Divorce Court busy. If you go through the records of the ^hundreds of cases decided in a term, you will find that the bulk of them are cases in which butchers, bakers, and candlestick makers are involved. It is a great pity, perhaps, to shatter the delusion that the upper classes are a frightfully bad lot; but they really aren't. Lei: anyone take Whit-takers' Almanac or Debrett, and work through the nobility be- ginning wiith the premier Duke and winding up with the junior haron,. There are hun- dreds of names there. Let the enquirer check of all who have been implicated iin scandals, and work out the percentage. Ho will )e vastly aistonisbed to find out how lie ha.3 been gullrd! 0*0 When somebody high in society gets divorced, na.turally enough the papers are full of it. A dozen bricklayers, and car- penters, and shoemakers can get divorces between the opening of the court and the luncheon interval, and there is only a two- line paragraph in the papnrs-in fact they are so niumeraus sometimes that they receive no notice at a'lll. In the slums these diffi- culties are settled by rough and ready methods. There is, unfortunately, plenty of vibe in the. cottage homes of England, and it makes us no purer to g'oat over the sins of others. «*• The charge against Socialism is not that they are individually men of evil lives; the chalrge is that the system in. its logical exten- sion must inevitably do aiway with the domestic circle. The private opinions a'nd much less the private lives of individual Socialists are little to the point. Many men are better than their creed, and many men have been much worse. The point is this Under Communism could homes and fathers and mothers and children, exist as they do, -,c or would we have a series oif large public institutions? For years, the Socialist pro- paganda has been allied with an anti- Christian, propoganda; but lately the anti- religious -aspect of the question has been kept out of sight. When the present Parlia- ment was elected, llr Blaitchford boasted in the "Clarion" that the Labour Party would not onlly destroy both political parties, but all the churches in the country in the course of time. He has perhaps been advised that that is indiscreet, for he has left Christianity alone lately. It is quite true that Agnos- ticism has no imilereii-t connection with Socialism. All Churchmen are not Con- servatives all Nonconformists are certainly not Radicals; all Roman Sat ho lies alre cer- tainly not Home Ruler's. In the same way it can be said that a)ll Socialists are not opposed to Christianity. This, however, is purely a theoretical ques- tion. The workmen who support the party are not Socialists by conviction in nine cases out of tern. The Socialists are the party who are likely to get them what they want, and they will support Socialism until they get their particular .grievance redressed. We shall have Old Age Pensions and a few other bits of Socialism; but if we have to wait for them untill the whiolle Socialist programme is adopted, we shall be gone beyond the need of them. ALBTHXU.
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In Memoriam Sir Lewis Morris. The following appears in the "Nationalist" Like some proud eagle- soaring toward the sun Scorning the clouds in its ecstatic flight, Triumphant in the strength of duty done, He has gone forth beyond our mortal sight. Wales mourns the loss of .poet, patriot, priest Of that high order Liberty!—his liaind Held high the torch of Truth that ne'er hath eeast To light the path of Progress through our land. For hiim, the world with all itsi-iish and roar, Throbbed with the puke-beat of the Infinite! And Time with all its changes held the core Of the eternal principles of right. With wizard's walmd he coanjured up the. past, And made the dim dead ages live again; He faced the fiit,u.rC-and from fi-i-st to last Saw with an. eye inspired one punxxe plain- Saw, through the passing pageantry of time Aind every varying forms of good and ill With steps uncertain, yet with faith sublime, Tho soul of maIn climb upward, upward still! Now tne unseen surrounds him-he has gone To ravel out the greatest of all quests." He lived, he died—but life and death are one With the Divine in whom, all oeing rests. Carmarthen. K.I.H.
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KIDWELLY. MEDICAL OFFICERS REPORT.—At the last meeting of the Kidwelly Totwn Council, the Medical Offier of Health (Dr Griffiths) pre- sonted his annual report, which contained statistics relating to births, deaths, etc. Kidwelly could compare very favourably with other towns ifrom a heal-th point of view. An epidemic df measles was raging in the neigh- bourlicrood, b<it no case had been detected within the Borough. He recommended the Council to proceed with the conversion of the Quay Houses into ,an isolation hospital, for whitah it was splendidly adapted. The slaughter house and common lodging house were kept nice and clean, and the require- ments of the bye-laws observed. The sani- tary condition of the town, was excellent. He strongly advocated the provision of a recrea- tion ground, which was required in the inte- rests of the risin,g generation.—The report was considered hilghly satisfactory, and a small committee appointed to consider the ways and me,ants of providing a public park. Ald. Anthony .gave an outline of a scheme he had given much oonsideration. to, and this will be dealt with by the Committee. LLANDYSSUL. THE annual meeting and dinner of the LIa-ndysau!! Agricultural Co-oiperative Society was held at the long room of the Wilikes Heald Hotel on Tuesday last. Mr Charles Lloyd, Waunifor, presided. Tho balance-sheet showed a turnover of J6,395 lls, and a net profit of f:117 8s 10Jd. Mr Lloyd was re- elected President, and Mr Owen as secretary. The A.O.S. was represented by Mr Walter Williams, and the Newcastle, Emlyn Society, by the secretary, ltev R. E. Davies. All these geatleineii; delivered addresses.
Carmarthen County Petty Sessions SATURDAY.—Before Mr Dudley WiMiams- Drummond (chairman); Mr C. W. Jones, Gwynfryin (vice-chairman); Mr L. M Hughes Middetom Hall; aind Mr John Lewis (Mayor of Carmarthen). PLOUGHING MATCH. Mr Wm Weeks, licensee of the Plough and Harrow, Llanguninock, applied for an occa- sional license to sell (refreshments at Llam- gunnock on the occasion of a ploughing match. DRUNKENNESS. P.C. Thomas Richards charged W. Jones, a timber feJier, now living at Ferryside, with being drunk on licensed premises.—As the defendant did not appear, a warrant was issued for his apprehension. I P.C. Joseph Beynon charged Thotmaa Tirdoaneiii, Llanegwad, with drunkenness.— As he did not appear, a warrant was ordered to be issued for his apprehension. Defendamt appeared later in the sitting, and was fined 2s 6d and costs. P.S. Wm. James charged Daniel Davies, a butcher, said to be a native of Salem, Llandilo, with drunkenness. The const,able, said that the defeilldant had been, committed in ncariy every police court in the county. Defendant was fined 7s 6d and costs. ANOTHER BOY FROM THE "HOMES." THomas Peairson, a young lad, 16. years of age, hailiing from Sheffield, where he had for- merly been in an inidustifial school, was charged with stealing a lamp worth 2s 9d from Glascoedfawr, Lianarthney, where iie had beeai in service. Defendant had got as far as Greenhill, HanguiKnior, when he was arrested by P.C. Beynion. Mr J. Jones, Glascoedifawr, offered to take him back, and the defendant was discharged with a ca/ution. THREE MONTHS. Thomas George Rogers, a man. about 40 years of age, described as a. gentleman's servant, and stated to be living at Saunders- foot, was charged with indecent conduct near Bolahaull. Defendant was sent to gaol for three months with hard labour.
Socialist Meeting at Cartilarthen. 0-iii Monday at 8 p.m., a meeting in con-, nection with the Carmarthen Trades and Labour COUinc] was. hold at the Guildhall. The chair was oecup ed by Alderman the Rev J. Harry,, J.P. The Chairman, in openiimg the proceedings, said that for ten years he had earned his bread by the sweat of hi s bro;v-by manual labour. For the last twenty years he had tried to earn, it by the sweat of his brain and he did not know exactly which he would pre- fer if he had the choice granted him afresh at this stage of his experience. He was very glad to be on a platform for the purpose of enhancing the interests of Labour. This was not the first great struggle in, the history of mankind. The first great struggle had been over the ownership of the human body; there were people who held others in slavery. After that, there was the great Struggle for the ownership of the human soul which cul- minated in the Protestant Reformation. There was another great struggle for the Government of Man. Those who were on top thought that they had a right to hold the refine of Government. We know that com- mon-sense prevailed, and that the bulk of the people had had votes. We are now in the thlick of another great struggle—an economic struggle and it was the greatest of all. One item in the present struggle was connected with the unequal distribution of land. There arc a few people in CarmarthenBhire who own the whole county. He had been trying to get a small scilap of land in the nicoghbour- hood of Carmarthen for industrial purposes; but it had been, a dismal failure bithorto to attempt to get. it on terms which are reason- able. Another maitter was the unequal dis- tribution of labour. There are some men who have never done a day's work in their Jtvcji, and neither did their fathers, grand- fathers, nor great grandfathers before them. Others had to. do more mork than they ought to and some could not get work, although they were willing to do it. There was an unequal distribution of the fruits of labour, and an unequal distribution of opportunity. The Labour Party were trying to remove the Radical causes of these evils. It was no good trying to get rid of the superficial effects. One might as .well try to get rid of the evils of a marsh by shooting the mosquitos with a revolver. What had to be done was to drain, the marsh. Mr W. Field (secretary of the South Wales Independent Labour Federation) said that he should kliC the community to hold alIl the land and that land to be used for the benefit of an instead of being used by a few idle rich to shoot and kill innocent little animals. The land ought to belong to the people, utilised for the people, and worked for the people, and it would be of more use than to rear pheasants jjnd other liittle animals in the shaipe of i'abb;ts a,iid the like. When they rpoke of workers they meant workers with hand or brain. The Labour Party had been formed in the year 1900; it arose out of a desire on the part of the Trades Unionists that Laibour should be directly represented in Parliament. There wias no difference between the Liberal and Conservative master at strike times; then there were only two classes—masters and mm. This was only what was to be expected under the present individualistic system: the master wanted to pay as little for his dalbeur as he possibly could, and the workers wanted to get as much wages as he possibly could. Who made the Land Laws? The landlords made them. The Government witn its huge majo- rity had 'been unable to pass a Trades Dis- putes .ilJ but the Labour Party had been able to pass theirs with the assistance of the Government. Mr W. Trainer (l^eeds) said that they wanted a strong Labour Party; and they could not have that except it were founded on moral and scientific principles. The I.L.P. is prepared to take into its ranks all who are prepared to subscribe to its pro- gramme, which is "The Nationalisation of ail. the means of Production, and Distribu- tion." This meant that the energies of the nation must be used for the purpose of build- ing up a commoiisivealtli,-ia wealth common to all the people. The land is owned by a few people. They believed. that God Almigbty gave the land to the nat)ion not to one or two. They believed that the whole mineral wealth beneath belonged to the nation, and ought to be as free as the air they breathed. The air would have been cornered long ago if it had been possible to do so. The lines on which they worked must be mloral lines; they must be carefully protected by rectitude and righteousness. They must have justice above all things, and a balance of social relation- ship between man and man. What balance of relationship was there between, the Mair- quis of Bute and the poor unfortunate tramp. What balance of social relationship was there between these two of Gojl's erenturesp The capitalists frequently restricted the produc- tion in order to suit themselves. He remem- bered a .man producing a gas stove which was very economical. It burned a very large proportion, of atmospheric air, and it cooked for a ha'penny a dinner which used to cost three ha'pence to cook in the old stove. Yet although it was a success, a Gas Company refused to take it up. The manager said, "We want a stove which will burn gaa, not one which won't." Until the workers owned the raw materials, they must ibe wage slaves. Of oourse, that would mean Soio;alisni-that horrible things of wbcih the daily rags were so much afraid. What was there in Social- ism to be afraid of. We own tho public roads; we own a good many tramways; why should we not own the railways. We own the ships of war;; why should we not own other ships. The capitalists did not own, the warships—because there was ntv profit in them. We owned gaols and lunatic asylums; why should we not own coal mines and docks and land. If we are to be a great nation, we must own. the land and the railways. Wo own the National Debit. We have a balance sheet ins which the debit side only is filled in. Why did capitalists—men. who never put down a sovereign except they hoped to pick up 25s-why did these meni spend thousands of pounds to get jinto Parliament. Did they spend all that money to get into Parliament for the benefit of the workers. You must be very simple if you believe that. They got all the good jobs where there was plenty of salary and very little to do for themselves and the only jobs of whifch the workers had I a chance were the rough ones like that of the policeman at the corner. Good goverivment according to their ideas consisted in keeping the people subject to their will. The emblemg ■ of this good government are bludgeons, j bayonets-, gaols and judges. What Socialists wanrted was their idea of good government— a well-housed, well-clbtaiod, and a well-edw- cated people. When there was a fctrike, it was a tiliial of endurance 'between the long lionig purse of the master and the weak bodies of the wives and children: of the workers. They had got the Trades Disputes Bill to prevent thalt-to keep their funds from the employers. There are some people who think that politics does not pay; it pays magnifi- cently. The Tradeis Disputes Billl had saved millions. The amended. Workmen's Com- pensation, Bill meant millions to the workers of the country. Ihey wanted old age pen- sions. They were not asking very much to begin with—onily 5s a week for those over 65. It was not an extravagant sum; they would not go, on the razzle-dazzle with it. The workhouse is so horrible that there is not a single individual who (knows the system but what -dreaids it. We must not send the old people to the workhouse; we must get them out of that as quickly as we possibly can. We can only get an old age pension by shout- ing hard enough and by Imdking the poilticans hard enouigh. Your member of Parliament wiill have to alter his ideas on this subject, or you will! have to kick him out and get somebody else, which would not perhaps be a bad thing to do. The income of the nla,tion was two hundred millions more than it useld to be ten, years ago; but most of them went to the middle and the upper dlasses. Some workers, like the colliers, got better wages; but there were sweated trades in which the wages were regulated not by any moral principle but by the number of people who were walking aibout the street looking for jobs. It would not hurt the rich if they were taxed so as to produce fifteen millions for Old Age Pensions. They were not going to adopt the methods of the Tariff Reformers to put taxes on the unfortunate people who hiad not igot enough. They were going to tax those who had more than enough. The Mar- quis of Bute is worth two milions a year. He (Mr Trainer) had been told on very good authority that a man could live very com- fortably an t5,000 a year. He had never tried it himself; but he had been told so. It would not hurt the Marquis very much if one of his millions were taken away. He would not mite, a dinner. The Marquis pro- fesses to be a Christian. He is a very good fellow but he wants arguing with that is all. He (Mr Trainer) proposed to tax the rich. The lower 'middle class incomes were not excessive. He wanted to see the work. ling class incomes brought up to that level. Twenty-five bob a week was not enough. They could not keep people in gaol on it. The ■average wage in this country is 22s or 23s a week, and i-- e average family consists of five persons—the parenrts and three children. If you take the prisoners uil, gaol., you will find that it costs L24 a year each to maintain them. Eire could not be maintained on less than. E120 a year— £ 2 5s a week. To keep five lunatics, required £3 a week. The capitalists and the educated classes who managed these institutions expected the working classes to ibe cleverer than they were. It cost 8s 6d to 9s a week to keep the people in the wonkhouse—42s to 45s to keep five. He said that t2 a week wa.s not enough on which to keep a family. It was done for years in his house; but he did not know how it was done. There was plenty foir all if something were taken from those who have too much and given to those who have not. The Marquis of-Biite draws tribute from every soul who lives on his estate. If the land and the raw matetial were nationalised, there would be enongh for all; and nobody need starve. We have now thirteen millions on the verge line of poverty; there are two million of children, going to school hungry; I ry and there are 173,000 unemployed women selling body aind souil to live. No Christian man can pass these thiinis; no thinking man can reflect on them without horror. If you nationalise the railwfays, you g ve the direc- tors the sack; there are 3,000 of them now. The Railway Di:ector did nothiing except direct the finance into his own and into his pals' pockets. H's fir-t hu-iue.s is to pro- du ce a dividend, and that is dore by paying 1 low wages—100,000 working for less than t]. a week. Tin. New Zealand, whore the rail- ways were najion.alused, no employee got less than. 8s a day; and the enigji we drivers got 12s Gd. Trades T'n.iomi.sm amongst the men was rocognused and tlio. m(iii were in.vilted by the Government to appoint a director. They were not houlJd to nd funds for their high toned swells to at Monte Carlo. Socialists hoped tha,t instead of living on other peoples' earnings these young sparks of nobil.'ty would go into offic-s or f-hops or try manual labour-cutting coal, for instance It was said once "He who works not, neither shall he eat." But it is the main who docs not work nowadays who cats the most. The attack on Socialism came from the privileged classes; they were getting afraid for their privileged position. They said that Socialists hlad no regard for reOigibn, and no regard for the oanctitv of honie life. Socialists re- plied that that is a beastly lie. He tried to serve God as well as he could; he tried to do that by savin.g hns fellow men. There were hundreds of clergymen connected with the movement, ihoy made no attack on the sancttitv of home iliife. They believed thiat little children, should be well fed and morally instructed, and t'hiart; every school should be free from the elementary school riiglilt up to the University. It was a frightful crime to say that they would desecrate home life. If they wanted to take the record of Societv, they would find it in the history of the Divorce Court. How could they expect it to ho any different, if you ply these people with more money and more leisure than they know how to use. These .people naturally thought thiat if the workers got. the money they would naturally do the same. Socialists did not want a "share OIK" they wanted the nation, to own the 'means of production and distribution., as we now own, the Po: t Office, the Suez Calnal Shares, and the Crown Lands. At one end of the social scale, they had drunkenness, crime, and filth, and at the other end, they had the so-oalled better classes who did not show them a very good example. They wanted att that altered, and the churches ought to come and heflp them in this great scheme of regeneration. Tho usuial votes of thanlks concluded the meeting.
Emancipation of Sunday Trading at Carmarthen. BENCH DECLINE '.1. 0 INFLICT A PENALTY. The usual weeky police court was held at the Carmarthen Guildhall on Monday before the Mayor (Mr John Lewis), Mr W. Spurrell, Mr C. W. Jones, .Mr Morgan Griffiths, Mr Henry Howell, and Air T. Davies. Sidney Albert, an Italian refreshment house keeper, was charged with Sunday trading. The proceedings were taiken under the Lords Day Observance Act of Charles II. (1667), and the defendant was charged with having "exercised worldly labour or work in his ordinary calling." Mr H. Brunei White appeared for the defence. P.C. W. J. Rees said that at 9.30 p.m. on Sunday the 26th January, he visited defen- dant's shop in King street. He saw four boys inside. Two of them were served with ice cream, for which they paid a penny each. He. called the defendant's attefnftion to the fact that he was trading on a Sunday, and the dclendant said "I have a right to do so." Mr Morgan Griffiths asked if this were an exceptional case, or if there were other shops open on Sunday. The Constable said that he did not know of any. Mr White Sow long have you been in Canna.r lien ? Constable: Five years. Mr White: Have you made a perambula- tion round the town on Sunday morning. I do not mean, the maim streets and GuDdhall- square, but the other street,? Witness: I have not 'been on duty in the day. Mr White: Peihaps you will have a chance next week. Have you a consent to bring 1 h s case before the magistrates? The Constable podticed the written con- sent of the Suer:ntein,der:t cf Police. -Air White asked the witness what was the .xwve.T.atK'n between him and defendant. Witness: I a ked him if he had a right to trade^ on Sunday, and he said lie had a right. D:d ou rot say, "Where is your license?" Did he not produce the license?—He showed me his lionnse. Did he show you a lireiue like th.at (pro- duced) ?—Yes. You have no reason to doubt that it is a oorroet Excise license ?—No. Were there any bad characters in the shop? — >so, sir. lhere was no row, no gambling, or f-nvear- mug?—Not so far as I know. They ate the ice cream in, the shop. There was milk, soda, ice cream, and .non-intoxicat- mg drinks of all kinds there?—I cannot say whether all those were there. This was all the evidence. Supt. Smith said that lie had another report for the same day. Mr White: I thimk you can only go on one re,port for the same day. Mr Morgan Griffiths: You can only have one penalty for the same day. in. his address to the Bench, said that the /nay in which the summons was taken, cut he must admit, tied his hands pretty well. He must say that this was a very 'liaird case. Hie defendant who it could not be contradicted—was a highly re- spectable man had taken this house and resided oii, the premises since last December. Defendant had several shops in Barmouth, Blaenau Festmog, and Conway, and had held them for many years. He had held a Refreshment Hon s? Keeper's Excise License, and ouring the whole of that time had never cotut rave nod the terms of the license bv al- lowing disorderly conduct or by allowing thieves or ;bad characters to assemble in his premises on Sunday. According to the terms of the Excise License which he had taken out at Carmarthen oh the 24th December, he was entitled to open his hou6e during certain hours on Sunday. Mr Morgan Griffiths asked what were the hours during which the defendant was licensed to 'keep open on Sunday. Mr mite said that they were the hours during which the public houses were allowed to be open before the Sunday Closing Aot ca.me into force. Mr H. B. White said that the ieading case on refreshment houces was the case of Benni versus Thorny, which had been tried in the lvung s Bench. Bernli was an Italian refresh- mont house keeper ait Mcrthyr Tydfil, and Supt. Thorny charged him with keeping olpen a refreshment house on Sunday. The magis- trates convicted, and the defendant a.p- pealed to the King's Bench when the con- viction was quashed. That was the leading ease on the subject, and could be found qiioted ,jl the latest editions of "Stone's Justices Manual." That ease decided that the cleft n<aint as a refreshment house keeper was entitled to keep open during the hourg named in the license. Af1 ,AY- ,ask°cl hat were the hours Jlr •• hite said that they were from 12 to 2.30 P m and from 6 to 10 p.m. The offence a leged to have bepn committd was at 9.20 p-m. If the prosecution had thought fit to charge him as a refreshment house keeper they must have failed But the proseoutioil N A ? TO0 ^Clhar^ defendant undei the Aet 19, Carl II., 1667. This was the first .prosecution which they had had in Carmarthen under this Act. Hund^ds of pounds in fines had been paid in Lilanellv Swansea, and other places for breaches of this Act. The offenders keep open all day Snnday and then called at the Town Clerk's office on Monday and paid 5s. The Act had never been, repealed, and the fulsomeness of it was apparent when it was examined in its entirety. No 'butcher, dealer, or higgler" was allowefl to travel on Sunday, and to put np at an. hotel for the purpose of attending TT« i'1 +v: I "'1}1.2 da-v under penalty of £ 1. bp alK ? + ?' Ca'11nartho11 people would be be a Mowed to have a football or a crirkot match in the Paik n,.i eneket challenged Llanelly/th^ IJ a nelly would be fined £ 1 for "travel 1W Were they going behind a eity like Cardiff' tlSr(th^'° had decided nr. i A ^.houid be no more prosecutions dav^nf t f S"S Was 8oing ;back to the -(V"Cien,t History. Here was a re- freshment house keeper in the year 1908 keen jng open a house which he waf licensed tS keep open and they preceded against him under an Act of the year 1667. If they forced the Act, they would send the police the 11 fa> St'ftlf1i on the Sundays before evprv <<T f l i Proccrdings against every butcher, driver, or higgler" who calnle here to stay at an inn. on Sunday Eveiyone of those ought to be fined £ 1 A gentleman who drove with a pair of bor." to church on Sunday was breaking the Act beeause the coachman, and the groom were exercising their^ordinary calling" on Sun- i c°achiman was contravening the law-by being on the box. Tt was the simf with all the chauffeurs who drove motor cars on Sunday. All these people should l £ equally dealt with, and the drovers who arrived on Sunday should be met by the Mr E. James said that thev might not be Ess ™ight Mr "hit(': I don't talÎnk many of these stop with They would send their private eaimage to meet them. Bear-bunt- ing and bull-baiting were referred to in thi« Act, which was intended to snpniress nuisances on a Sun,day. I„ E„Skb L man, could have a glass of alcoholic liquo^on a Sunday: but here if n J V" .i ould say that an inn-. Oni-Pf1" M 10 serves a bona fide traveller on matiM.K0" -6 equia'lly as ,li^1)]e as this to be convicted for exercising his world lj callus on Sunday. °m' Mr White said that he did not think keepers came under this. p(M.j. were no inns then, ^Uiaps there your Argument.^ trymS to strengthen Mayor amf'Mr'Sp,,rrelf^1 comsult-. The consultation. ° no m the magistrates^Mr c'^W CTUrt come to the nnn i ■ Joil/s &a' ^e have matter over talkinS the penalty will he in fl w Tii,tes that no be inflated thus day in this case. of February 2^'dthd,rcu' a summons in respect CARMARTHEN Printed and Published by the Eroprietrefls, M. LAWRKNOB, at h«*jOffices, 3 Blue-street, FRIDAY, February 21et, 190.