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FIELD. AND DAIRY FARMING.

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FIELD. AND DAIRY FARMING. WORK FOR MARCH. The month upou which Jve have jusb entered must be looked upon as one of the mosti important) in the farmer's calendar. It is in the majority of cases, perhaps, the month in which changes in farm tenancies take place. But the doings of the month have even a greater interest for the farmer than this fact. March is the month which influences the prospects of the farmer more than any other of the whole twelve. The corn farmer, who entered upon his holding last Michaelmas, will be busily employed with the sowing of the spring crops; Life A,,xiry farmer, who trusts more to grass-land, will have his hands full with the care of his newly- calved cows and their progeny the flock master will be engage:! with his ewes and lambs and the occupier of arable-land, who uses his best fields for the growth of market-garden crops, should also be busy. THE ARABLE PORTION OP THE FARM should firsb receive attention. All kinds of spring corn may ba sown—wheat, barley, oats, beans, anil peas. Wheat, in my opinion, is not likely to answer so well as barley sown at this dale, for it requires a longer time to come to perfection, and it is a mis- take to try to encourage late harvests. Barley sown nOMf. ill, oil the other hand, be likely to yield well, ati(i '-as times go, prove a paying crop, if the sample be a good one. Bean-planting should be at an end soon after these lines appear in print. Spring beans are, unfortunately, a long time in ripening, and, when thev are harvested unusually late, not only is there a Toss attending this particu- lar crop, but the wheat crop which succeeds it is also handicapped. Early sowing is therefore desirable, for by it the chances of a successful crop are much increased. Whilst treating of spring sowings, mention should also be made of the ad- visability of sowing good seed. 1 have no wish to recommend the wares of seedsmen or any other tradesmen who depend upon agriculturists for a living Lili, I cannot help thinking that it would He more to the interest of farmers if they were lore particular in their choice of seeds. Too often weeds are sown with as much care as the corn, for the seeds of both pass through the same drill, and receive the same attention afterwards. Weed- seeds having once been deposited in the soil arii almost sure to give the fanner trouble in future seasons. Another drawback which attends the use of inferior seed is that much of it fails to grow. There are, therefore, many blanks in the field, and these are frequently filled by weeds. On the other hand, seed-corn bought from a seed- merchant occupying a good position is sure to be as clean üs possible it is true of its kind, and nearly avery grain, if well planted, will grow. The price is higher, of course, but against this has to be seb the saving in hoeing, and the greater value of the crop. Clover and mixed grass seeds may also be sowti during the latter part of the month. Before the seed is purchased, the farmer should look for- ward for a couplo of years or so to see whether ib will be to his advantage to keep the field down more than one year or nob. If the former, he should sow seeds of clovers which are not likely to die out after the firslJ year. Permanent grasses should also be sown. If the summer be dry, the early-sown grasses and clovers will stand the best) chanco of surviving the drought. Parsnips should be planted at once; carrots at theend of the month, the position of the rows being ascertained by BOW- ing a little turnip-seed with the carrots. lb will soon sprout, and allow hoeing to "begin before the carrots appear. Vetches should be sown twice during the month, and cabbage-seed may bo sown to provide plants for getting 01111 six weeks hence. Mangel-land should be got forward for sowing next month. Autumn-planted cabbages should have the surface stirred round them, alld thoe in- tend c fol. may be dressed lightly with liitrato of soda. Backward wheat) may be assisted in the same way. Hedging and ditching should be completed during the lirst fortnight, particularly where he fenecs are old. I.I V I; STOCK requires great attention as the days got longer. It is 1101. unusual to see animals of various kinds lose llosli as the spring advances, merely because the owner does not think it neces- sary to improve their diet. This is a mistake. Farm stock should be managed during the winter in such a way that on being turned to glass in May they shall be able to turn their now keep to account' at once. When I hoy have to replace the flesh which has been lost; during the two preceding mont hs, it; stands to reason there is loss chance of their being summered at a piolit. Horses will be fully occupied on the arable land, and shcukl be fed in accordance with the demands made upon them. Young colts, intended for the team, may be broken as opportunity 0 Vers, and attempts are usually ma le with the spring work". DAIlty FARMICKS will now begin to put their cheese-making apparatus together, in order to commence operations at the end of the month. When butter — in cheese-making districts—owing to its abundance, fitli- to .Is. or thereabouts per lb., it is best to make half-skim cheese, which meets with a realy sale during the early part) of the summer. This, at 5d. per pound, will pay better than butter at besides, it will assist in keeping up lihe price of butter, (Jwing to the de- creased output. The dairy cows should be well fed during this and the following month. If the farmer has a field of old grass at his disposal, ho cannot do better than use it for his newly-calved cows, turning them out during the day, and fasten- ing them up at lIihL Young stock should be kept growing. eauing-calves, born in January, will now do with a reduced supply of milk, if it is required for other purposes. The calves dropped after this date are be-if sent to (be butcher, unless they can be properly attended to during the early summer. IN THE POULTRY-YARD, all fowls (adults), not laying, should be sitting. Ducks should also bs in full lay. Geese will, in many cases, be sitting, and turkeys ought to be laying regularly. Ib is the early-hatched chicks which pay best; avery t&re should therefore be taken of thorn,

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