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GLAMORGAN ASSIZ ES.

THE ALBION COLLIERY.

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THE ALBION COLLIERY. It is not generally known that the Albion -Colliery holds the record as the colliery with tho largest average output of coal raised from a single shaft in this country, and it goes with- out saying that the underground workings of a colliery which can maintain such an excellent position must be almost in a perfect condition. These facts justify us in the belief that pos- sibly our readers may be interested in a few facts respecting this colliery. Thet area of minerals leased is about 1,300 acies, so that although the output is enormous averaging nearly 2,000 tons per day, there is 1 ho fear of exhaustion at a very early date. Tht> shafts, which are 19 feet diameter and 33 yards apart, were sunk to a depth of 580 yards in the years 1885-86-87. They are walled with bricks to a thickness of 3 ft. 3 ins. in some places, and in sinking the seams parsed through were t'roni thai Sirrfae6- J No. 3 Rhondda 226 „ Two-feet~nine 517 Upper Four Feet ) 545 Sis Feet 552 Nine Feet 580 The winiing working a spiral drum running from 15 feet diameter to 25 feet at L dowiicist pit i? one of an excellent, type I built at Pentrs by Messrs Llewelyn and Cubitt. i The ''•raiss weigh 12 cyn,. and carry 35 cwt. over a road g2?^$at 3 feet. For additional safety th, shaft is hH!'iÍ With three sets of guide ropes, so that increased cage speed can be secured without additional risk, and 2,000 tons of coal can be raised daily without any shafi dangers. On a rough calculation these cages travel annually close on 75.000 miles or abomt three times around ihe world. The ven- tilation, amounting t-co nearly 250,000 cubic feet of air per minute, is secured by a, Schiele Fan 15 feet in diameter. When it is remembare-J that about 1.700 persons arc daily employed the immunity from minor accidents which are so prevalent at other collieries, is surprising,and when com- pared with other collieries as regards fatal acci- dents recently, the Albion is to be considered as a thoroughly well-managed colliery, where the discipline and attention to details are well-con- sidered. The local agent is Mr W. Lewis, and manager Mr Phillip Jones, both thoroughly ex- perienced, practical men. holding the Govern- ment certificates of competency gained at ex- aminations, where the standard of attainments expected is the highest in the country. But the position of a colliery manager in the pre- sent day of Acts, Rules, and Scales, is no en- viable one. He must of necessity become a species of peripatetic encyclopaedia, with the last edition of the Sliding Scale rules and stan. dards. explosives order, and federation recom- mendations writ in bold type, and a manage," conscientiously performing his duty and, ful- filling- the requirements of the Coal Mines' Regulation Act must naturally make himself n'nny enemies. Men guilty by ignorance or recklessness of risking the lives of their fellow- workmen or infringing one cf the many special rules must be immediately proceeded against at all costs. A healthy moral tone must be secured and maintained, and this, I have no doubt, explains the annoyance to which many collicy officials, Mr Philip Jones, amongst them, have recently been subjected. One of our contemnoraries 011 a rcccnt date contained the most ridiculously absurd account of a sup- pc-scd outburst of gas at this colliery that it was possible for a\ journalist to pen. The merest tyro responsible for such unscientific twaddle should immediately be consigned to the forms of in infant school. We should likn to add that Mr PhiHip Jones is a man from tbf. ranks, having climbed from the stall to his present proud position along thr. rungs of the mining ladder-bratticeman, fire- man, overman, and undermana^er, nnd the compliment paid him at th" election ballot box il the surest guarantee that he holds a safe place in the hearts of his workmen.