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THE HEALTH OF THE RHONDDA. PREVALENCE OF SCARLET FEVER. At the fortnightly meeting of the above Coun- cil held on Friday, Councillor Thomas Griffiths, J.P., presiding, the monthly report of the medi- cal officer was submitted. Dr Jones said that the death-rate of the dis- trict was now lower than that of Cardiff,Swan- sea, or London. The rate at Cardiff was 14.5 while in the Rhondda it was 14.3. Continuing, the doctor said: There were registered ),),+ births, 110 of boys and 164 of girls, equal to a birth-rate per 1,000 per annum of 35.5. During the oorresponumg period of last year the birth- rate was 33.1. The number of deaths from all causes was 135, 11 of males and 64 of females, equal to a death-rate per L,tjoO per annum ot 14.3. The rate during the same period of 1897 was 17.8. From the principal zymotic diseases 15 deaths were registered, equal to a death- rate per 1,000 per annum of 1.5, compared with a death-rate of 3.4 during the corresponding period of last year. Scarlet fever caused one death; uiphtheria, 11; whoo.ping cough. 1; diarrhoea <2. There were registered 32 deaths from bronchistis and inflammation of the lungs, equal to a death-rabe per 1,000 per annum of 3.4, compared with a death-rate of 4.4 during the corresponding period of last year. Phthisis (pulmonary consumption) caused seven deaths, equal to a death-rauj per 1,000 per am- num of .7. During the corresponding period last year there were 6 deaths and a death-rate of .6. The of children under one year of age were equal to 125 per 1.000 of the child- ren born, compared with 173 during the corres- ponding period of last year; and the number ot deaths under fire years were equal to 55.5 per cent. of the total deaths, compared with 57.3 per cent. last year. Tfcere were held eleven in- quests during the month. Last year 11 in- quests were held during the corresponding per- iod. There were notified during thp month l25 cases of infectious diseases. The death re- corded as due to scarlet fever occurred at Portli ia the same street as that reported by me last month. The disease (has not spread in this street, but it has made its appearance in other parts of Porth. In Treherbert the epidemic shews no sign of abating, and cases still keep cropping up in Trporky and Cwnpark. There are isolated cases over both the Valleys, while at Porth there is a tendency for the disease to become epidemic- Until we have the means of isolating scarlet fever, I fear we cannot hope to be free from it, and in this connection I would remind yon that we have had the com- petitive plans for the enlargement of the present hospital in these offices now between four and five months. It would seem desirable therefore to oome to a decision in the matter. There are now only ten cases of typhoid fever in the whole district. In my last report I stated that there were at the time of writing 14 houses with 20 cases of diphtheria in the district.There are still 14 houses infected and 16 cases. vut, of the total number of notifications received two came from Fernhill, one from Blaenrhondda, one from Treherbert. eight from Treorky, eleven from Cwmpark. one from Ton, five from Tony- pandy, two from Trealaw, seven, from Ynyshir. one from Pontygwaith, two from Ferndale, and two from Maerdy. Four of the eleven deaths occurred at ynyshir, two at Treorky, two at Pentre .and one each at Blaenrhondda, Cwm- park, and Pontygwaith. The Chairman referred to the paragraph re- lating to diphtheria, and asked the doctor if he oould account for the large number of cases in the district. The dflctor replied that it was much lower in this district than in the towns of the West of England. Of course, that did not show it was good in the Rhondda, but showed that it was worse in some places. One of the members asked if he could traoe the origin of the cases. Dr Jones said he did not think they were due to deficient sanitary arrangements. All the schools of the district, with one exception, were well drained. He thought that a lot of the cases were due to the fact that the soil on which buildings were erected was not sufficiently drained before commencing erecting. He thought they should enforoe bye-law 60 more often. The bye-law stated that the sub-soil should be well-drained before the building was commenced, and he (the doctor) thought that the plans should not be approved of if the sub- soil was found to be insufficiently drained. It was agreed that in future this bye-law be enforced. Councillor W. Jenkins asked to which school Dr Jones referred as not being well-drained. The doctor replied that it was the Ynyswen School, and after some discussion it was decided to demand that the sanitary arrangements of the school be completed at once. The medical officer. continuing his report. said: Whooping cough is still in Llwynypia, and one death was recorded from the disease here. Influenza has been prevalent during the month in both Valleys, but no deaths were re- ported as due to this disease. The 61 houses built in four blocks on the mountain side above Blaenrhondda are in anything but a good sani- tary condition, but before reporting more fully upon them I think it would be well for vou to decide whether you will lay down a subsidiary sewer for their drainage, If the cost of such a sewer is found to be excessive, then it will be necessary to devise other means of dealing with the sewage. :L_

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