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NOTES AND COMMENTS. The Sultan is still playing the astute game ot diplomacy with the Powers. He has won a position in Thessaly, and he is not in a hurry to evacuate it. The only influence that will bring about his submission is the definite, specific evL dence that the Powers mean to exercise coercion. We do not like this word "coercion," and much less its practice; but with the Assassin even coer- cion of the most violent form would be welcomed by us. Lord Salisbury is not inept in the practical application of coercive force, and wherever he finds he can use it, as the bully uses his strength, he has not failed to do it; but with the Sultan he has proved that he lacks the very elements of courage. Tie. has made the English flag ridiculous and reproachful in all the" cQuntrIe of the civilised world where liberty has been a sacred principle, and where it had in the past been honoured and respected. The Sultan liig been allowed to trample the Christian communities of the East with licensed freedom, because the Powers, and especially Great Brit, ain, have been deplorable failures in diplomacy unsupported by the courage that should accom- pany it in dealing with the treacherous Abdul. We can only sigh for a little of Beaconsfield's or Gladstone's spirit when we think of Salisbury's frothy and futile methods of foreign policy." It is most fortunate that the majority of the County Schemes under the Welsh Intermediate Education Act had been enacted before the present clerical passion for grasping power had overran the country. Lord Salisbury is entirely at the whim and caprice of the bishops and clerical powiers. The Voluntary Schools Act is proof that there is but one aim and purpose in the clerical mind, and that is to capture the schools of the country as auxiliaries of the church. They love education only when the powers of administering it are absolutely and wholly in their own hands. It u now nothing bu< wholesale attempts at capturing every pos- sible institution that has an educational purpose. 'The Denbigh Schcmo has come under the dis- pleasure of the Bishops, who have been wire- pulled into the opposition by the Bishop of St. Asaph. This scheme was initiated under the Welsh Intermediate Education Act, and passed by the Tory Government in 1889. The County Councils and the Charity Commissioners framed it, and it was revised by the Education Depart- ment, and finally received the sanction of the Lord President. But this, unfortunately, was not enough, and it had to pass the Houses of Parliament, and the House of Commons was simply a process; but the House of Lords and the bishops was another matter, and was too much for ifi. The ridiculous part of it is that Lord Salisbury, both by vote and speech, helped the bishops to bring about the rejection of the Scheme, which means nothing if it does not mean I a vote of censure on the Education Department. It has come about at last that the Duke of Devonshire, as well Sir John Gorst, know what it is now Lo be snubbed by their own chief. Liberal Unionism may be something, but it is nought when the bishops aro on the warpath. The returns sent out by the Cardiff School I Board in respect to the teaching of Welsh nt the Board Schools has been a startling revela- tion of the most pleasant kind to the Cymru Fyddite. We know well what have been the epithets considered most appropriate to Cardiff by outsiders. They have not classed the coming Welsh metropolis as over-aifected with love for anything ..ales or Welsh in aspiration. We were not of that belief. Various occasions had shown us that there was a growing force at work in Cardiff which was of a distinct national tendency. The ambition of Cardiff for the Uni- versity Court Offices, the Central Board Offices, its splendid sacrifice in securing the finest col- lection extant of Welsh Bookt in its Free Library, all told us very plainly that there were Welshmen of light, leading, and influence in the counsels of the town, who were working fo making the town in principle and practice a fit custodian of all that is in essence and body the metropolis of the Principality. The fact that 70 per cent, of the replies returned to the School Board on the Welsh Teacliing departure in its schools are favourable to the inno- vation has given a finality to all cavils tiiai, Cardiff is cosmopolitan and alien in sym- pathies to Welsh aspirations. We rejoice in the returns, and every Welshman's heart beats with enthusiasm for the present movement. We have always upheld that by every canon of educa- tional judgment the Welsh Language should not be an outcast in the Schools of its own people. This doeg not mean depreciation of English, but in practice and result it means a more intelligent acquirement of IJoth, We have heartily sup- ported this departure in ystradfyodwg, and firniliy believe it will end in tfie best of results for the children of the Rhontlda. We shall hail the adoption of the principle by every educational body in Wales, and trust that this wise educa- tional policy will largely prevail.




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