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SOCIETIES FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN…

ABERGAVENNY CYM REIGYDDlON.

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ABERGAVENNY CYM REIGYDDlON. The Dinner of the Cymreigyddion-y-Fenni, took place on Wednesday week, at the Greyhound Hotel. Sir Charles Morgan, Bart., presided, sup- ported by Sir Benjamin Hall and Chevalier Bunsen, on his right and left. At the principal table, were Sir James Hamlyn Williams; Philip ^ones, Esq.; Professor Lypsius; J. E. W; Rolls, Esq.; Johns, Esq. (barrister); Rev. J. Price, (Carhu- anawc): Rev. W. Williams, (Caled fryn); Lieuten, ant Ernest Bunsen; 1\1. H. Bunsen; —Parthner- Esq.; Rev. J. Jones (Tegid); Rev. J. Iwans. j hev. A. Hughes, &e. &c. The Rev. J. Jones offici- ated as vice-president. The venerable Baronet took the chair at four o'clock. Too much praise cannot be given to Mrs Hickman, the active and efficient landlady of the Greyhound Hotel, to whom the society are indebted for the excellent arrange- ment of everything, and for the abundance which prevailed. We understand the venison was the contribution of the Lord Lieutenantof the County and presents of game, poultry, and Welsh mutton, were received from Llanover, Pont-y-G°ilre> and Llananh, Mr Philip Jones having, with his usual consideration, desired his keepers to send game and poultry for the better entertainment of the members and their friends. Shortly after the cloth was removed, Sir Charles Morgan gave ()es v byd i,r iaith Gyiyirae, (Loud cheers.) The next toast was. "The Queen: may she enjoy a long and happy reign." Nine times nine. Air—" Rising of the Sun." Sir Charles Morgan, gave TheQueefl Dowager.' (Cheers.) Caerphilly March. "The Lord Lieutenant of the County.1' (Loud cheers.) Welsh air. t Sir Benjamin Hall gave the health of "Sir Charles Morgan, and the House of Tredegar, the steady patrons of Wales, and of Welsh Societies." (This toast was received with nine times nine.) J. Thomas, of Merthyr, and his effective glee party, sang "Sir Harrhy Dhfi," in admirable style. The Venerable President thanked the meeting for the kind manner in which his health had been welcomed. Sir Charles Morgan rose and said, that the next toast on his list, was the health of his excellent friend on his right hand (Sir B. Hall.) (Cheers.) This toast was received with nine times nine by the company, after which a beautiful Welsh air was sung by" Morfydd Glan Taff." Sir Benjamin Hall in acknowledging the toast, begged to thank the meeting for the warm manner in which his health had been received. For him- self he would be happy to afford all the assistance and support in his power at every anniversary. (Cheers.) Air, Ar hyd y nos." Mr Philip Jones, proposed the health of "Sir John Guest." This toast was received with musical honours, led by Mr Rolls. Mr Rolls gave the health of Lord Rodney:' (Cheers.) The Rev. T. Price, proposed—4« The Chevalier Bunsen, and a speedy return to this country." (Loud cheers.) Welsh air. The Chevalier Bunsen said, that having had the honour to assist at the last anniversary of this so- ciety, he did not anticipate that he would again have the pleasure to express on the eve of his de- parture those feelings of respect and gratitude which animated him for this great country. Che- valier made soino further observations, in which he strongly recommended the further publication of translations of Ancient British Manuscripts The Rev. T. Price, then, with the permission of the Chair, begged to propose the health of a gentle- man who was entitled to the thanks and gratitude, not only of Welshmen, but of the whole civilised world-he meant "Sir Samuel Aleyrick.(r.o,id cheers.) This gentleman had purchased a most splendid collection of ancient armour, and had placed it in his noble mansion, on the banks of the Wye, where it was accessible to the public, and where it would remain after him, a monument of his taste and munificence. He had placed himself beyond the imputation of any motive of vanity, by dedicating this splendid collection to the gratifica- tion of the public taste, and the elucidation of ancient literature. (Cheers.) "Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick." The Vice President (TcpidJ briefly proposed the health of a gentleman who was an ardent lover of Wales, and an efficient supporter of Welsh literature—a gentleman whose name is, in itself, a host—Carnlnianawc." This toast was received with loud and long continued cheering. The Rev. T. Price, returned thanks The Vice President proposed the health of" Pro- fessor Lipsius and the German Scholars, who have taken an interest in Welsh literature." Sir Benjamin Hall proposed "The House of Llanarth." (Loud cheers followed this toast, ac- companied with musical honours.) Mr Ph il ip J ones, after the applause had subsided, expressed the great obligation he was under to Sir Benjamni Hall, for the handsome manner in which h r h,mself and his family. It was the asnion with some persons to run down the Cymreigyddion Society, They said that it would be useless to attempt to restore the Welsh language. lie totally differed with these persons. If there were one universal language, then the objection might be reasonable; but when the Welsh was nown to be a good language, and as well adapted „0f,. 1 \e PUrposes of life as any other; when its he thought 'thafn 10 f°Sler 3 SP\? f nati0na'i.ty' 11 ina' the exertions which were making 0re an^ diffuse it, highly honourable to those wrI°M t.re e"»a?ed 'n 'e patriotic undertaking, and J! °f great benefit to the country. (Cheers.) ,((S.ir ~ar'es Morgan next proposed the health of anies Hamlyn Williams."—Sir James H. Williams briefly returned thanks Welsh song by Morfydd Glan TafT. • i, l.i Pr°posedthe health of" Monsieur Rio, 6 a„ a.nd eloquent supporter of Welsh litera- ture, which was received with loud cheers. <• r> i ^'ce President proposed the next toast— w-ii- yn and ,he Nor,h ,Va,es Bards-1'—1Kev' vvilliam Williams (Caledfryn) returned thanks in the Welsh language. men Count viHemarque, and our Breton kins- Rev. T. Price proposed the next toast-" Mr Parry, Bardd Alaw." Lad Morgan proposed the health of This toast was received with several rounds of applause, after which the glee singers gave, in beautiful style, an admirable Welsh song in honour of Gwenynen Gwent, to the air of Ar hyd y nos," wnten tor the occasion by Tegid. *»ir Uenjamin Hall returned ihanks. A pleasing incident here occurred.' Mr Lewis, an o d tenant of Sir Charles Morgan, requested to be allowed to sing a song he had sung to him for 50 years, whenever they had met. His desire was of course gratified, when Mr Lewis sang a favourite hunting song, much to the satisfaction of the com- pany. Sir Benjamin Hall then proposed the.health of "Lady Charlotte Guest," which was received with three times three. Rev. T. Price said that lie would just make one remark. A paper had been put into his hand, stat- ing that Mr WHson, of Abergavenny, had recently discovered, in the neighbourhood of the Castle, the remains of a Roman both,orsudatory, which proved that it was a Roman station, and the Gobannium of Antonius. This was the substance of the paper, which had been handed to him, and he felt much pleasure in communicating it to the meeting. Sir Charles Morgan then gave The Trade f Abergavenny." Mr J. Highly Morgan then addressed the Chair- man and said-I would, Sir, that this toast were replied to by my senior in trade and in years (allud- ing to Mr James Price, who sat near him,) it would then be done efficiently; but rather than the compliment to our town should not be acknow- ledged, I will endeavour to give you a very brief history of it. It is not a town of modern date but one that has seen seventeen centuries roll away. Though it was generally supposed to be the Roman station, called Gobannium; yet this was not quite certain until within a few weeks since, when Mr John Wilson, in digging for the foundation of a house near the castle, discovered a Roman Bath and several coins, fully proving it to be the Goban- nuim of Antonius. The earliest record of it as Abergavenny, is by Leland, who wrote in the reign of Henry VIIL, he describes it as a faire walled towne, meately well inhabited in 1602, it is said to have been "a fine wealthy towne, the best in the shire." It was governed by a Bailiff and 27 Burgesses. A strong opposition was evinced by the inhabitants to the Government of William III., for which they lost their charter. Our town, then, began to decline as a place of importance yet for many years after a very considerable trade in shoes was carried on, large quantities being regularly sent to Brisfbl for exportation. Vast quantities of the far famed Wetsh flannel were manufactured in the vicinity, the sheep on the neighbouring hills supplying a very fine wool, and the water being pe- culiarly calculated to render it soft and delicate: one factory was at Llanover, one at Llangrwyney, and one at Llandilo; it is probable that another was established in the town, near the Priory—the cir- cumstance of a field near that house being still cal- led Cae Ddyntr, or the Tenter Field (a field in which the pieces of flannel were strained on tenter hooks to dry) considerably slrengihetu this spppo- sition. Abergavenny was also celebrated for its manufacture of perriwigs, made of goats hair, with which the men of fashion decorated theirheads; they were valuable in proportion to (liei-r extreme white ness, and were occasional ly sold for 40 guineas each. Turnpike roads deprived our town for a season, of the advantage which it had from its being a mart for supplying the midland parts of Wales with shop goods from Bristol. From various unfavourable cir- cumstances, Abergavenny was, in the middle of the last century, falling fast into decay. About 1755, the industrious inhabitants availed themselves of an advantage, which speedily turned the current of popularity in its favour, and the town again became a place of considerable notoriety. Physicians of eminence prescribed whey from goat's milk, to con- sumptive persons. The newly constructed roads induced many wealthy English families to visit Wales, the peculiar beautiful situation of the town, the charming variety of the surrounding scenery, and the benefit which invalids derived from the whey, soon attracted very general attention, and Abergavenny was considered a place of fashionab'e resort. There is, however a fashion in medicine as well as in dress; men of fashion declined wearing goat's hair, and physicians prescribing goats whey — the former fell into disuse, and the latter was no longer considered the panacea of pulmonary com- plaints. And our town was once more destined to sink into insignificance. About 50 years since the Iron Works at Blaenafon, Nantyglo, Sirhowy and Varteg, were commenced, and Abergavenny looked forward to its trade being fixed upon a more stable basis than the whims of physicians, or the caprice of men of fashion. But the densely populated moun- tain districts of our neighbourhood, seem to require that markets should be established amongst them and it is probable we may suffer a dimunition of our trade from the very quarter from which a few years ago, so much gain was brought to the Inha- bitants-As if to cheer up our drooping spirits, the Cymreigyddion Society is brought into existence, and the exertions of our surrounding gentry are called out to revive the original trade of the place and the untiringeoergies of a lady, whose name has been so rapturously received this evening, have gone far to effeot the desired object, whether the effort will succeed or not, time -that revealer of all secrets-will tell. Be this as it may, from the data of the Abergavenny Cymreigyddion Society, the name of this distinguished lady, GwenynentGwent, must be identified with its history. Sir Charles Morgan proposed the last toast of the evening—"Our next merry meeting." It had, we understand, been the intention of several parties to give other toasts, but the evening meeting, in the Grammar School, where the harpers and singers entertained the company from eight till ten o'clock, prevented the continuance of thesitting after dinner to much beyond that hour. .ø# CHARTIST MEETING AT NANTYGLO. On Thursday the 3rd inst., the Chartists held a meeting at the Royal Oak, near Nantyglo, where they were addressed in the usual style, by Messrs. I Frost, of Newport, and Jones, of Pontypool. The meeting was very thinly attcnded,-not more than five hundred persons being present, including a large number drawn there by curiosity;—but from the con- duct of those immediately in front of the speakers, it might be fairly said, a more blood-thirsty, cut- throat, set of fellows never before attended a public meeting. The savage yells which were uttered on the least allusion being made to the bloody work, in which they were told they were shortly to be- come engaged, in the recovery of their" rights," and the fearful distortion of countenance exhibited by many, from the combined effects of passion and liquor, were really terrific; and betrayed a state of mind truly to be lamented: Only one banner was exhibited at the meeting, and this had been carried before a procession of about two hundred men from the neighbourhoods of Rum ney, Tredegar, &c., &c.; it bore the usual inscrip- tion, "Peace, Law, and Order," and sadly belied the turbulent and excited state of those assembled beneath it. The business of the meeting was opened by a working man of the neighbourhood, who stated be had but very little to say, because he did not know that he was coming there; but concluded by intro- ducing to the notice of those assembled his honour- able friend-Mr Frost,—who informed them, the cause of his sudden and unexpected appearance in the neighbourhood, was a report which had reached him, that a "rising" had already commenced, and that the working men of the hills were all under arms and in full march for Monmouth for the purpose of releasing Messrs Vincent, &c., from Monmouth gaol. He was however pleased to find the further he came from home, the more peaceable the country appeared; and exhorted them as they valued the success of their common cause, not to commit themselves by any premature outbreak. They were not all to expect to be generals,encii man acting as he thought proper,—they were to wait with patience till he, as their commander, when the proper time came, should give the word of command, when he expected every man to be found at his post, fearless of danger. (Cries of we will! we will! now to night! to night!) He said no, other portions of the country were not prepared. The people of Scotland were long anxious to join the brave Welsh; and, those of Lancashire, and the West of England, were burning with ardour to unite with them. But the time was not yet come. (It shall, it shall; to-day! to-day; and dreadful excitemeut iiinong the people nearest the speaker). He compared the present movements to that of an immense wagon, one wheel of which was placed in each of the preccediug districts, and it was very evident to them that if they put their wheel in motion without the co-operation of the others the wagon would not be carried along. He iutreatc-d them, therefore, not to be precipitate; but when tho proper time arrived he would be found at the post of danger, ready to head them in crushing the vile plunderers of their liberties. 0 At this stage of the proceedings Mr Jones arrived, and was immediately called upon to make a speech." He accordingly commenced by telling them how he and a friend had been on a missionary excursion into the Forest of Dean,-howallxious the brave foresters were to unite with them in regaining their lost liber- ties, how well they were received by all the shoe- makers and taylors, (who are all Chartists) in some parts, and what cruel persecutions and opposition they had experienced from the parsons and magis- trates in other parts,—how thev were told at a cer- tain public house, kept by a forest ranger, that there was nothing there for them to cat while they saw a venison pasty smoking upon the hearth, (shame, shame),—and finally, how, after so much labour and toil for the good of the people, they at last arrived in safety at their own homes. He was pleased to see so large a meeting! He was sure he did not put on his multiplying spectacles as the Merlin on a late occasion had charged him with doing, wben he asserted that the present meeting consisted of at least a thou- sand persons. (Yes, yes, 1300,-1200! from: our lodge.) He was glad to bear it, and was well satisfied there was that number present! lie was becoming daily more convinced that the working men of Great Britain were capable of thwarting the mafeh-enatiolls of their enemies, and at last concluded his silly rig- marole by saying that the time was not far distant when the odious head of tyranny would not dare to shew itself before such a powerful and determined set of people as he then bad the pleasure of addressing, Mr Frost again rose and said the co-operation of the foresters was an event of the greatest importance, as they were a vigorous and courageous people, and sug- gested that further efforts should be made for enlisting them under their banner. lie hoped the assembly be- fore him would see that the men of the Welsh hills were properly organised, and ready at any time to meet him when called upon. (We are, we are.) lie shortly expected a dissolution of parliament, when he should offer himself as a candIdate for the county of Monmouth, and he expected to be supported by the presence of at least thirty thousand men. (You shall have a hundred thousand.) He did not want above thirty thousand, and he hoped to meet them at Monmouth on the day of election, divided into sections of ten men. The commander of every ten was to wear ft white ribbon on his arm; ten of these should form a company, every commander of which was to wear two white ribbons upon his arm. In this order they were to march into Monmouth, and he was sure they would secure his election, and, if they did not obtain universal suffrage, in less than one month after that, he would not anv longer argue for peace, Law and Order." (Well dotic,-now, now is the time.) He must again sav No! he again entreated them not to ruin the cause for ever by one false step. He was as anxious as themselves to get Vincent out of prison, but they must wait a little. Vincent had not been so badly used as was represented fie could assure them he was getting fat in prison; and, knowing that, they might rest assured he was not so badly treated. The present movement was not confined to England atone; the whole of Europe participated in t. The working men of the continent were as anxious as themselves to free their land of their oppressors. They had too long been sinking beneath the intolerable burden of labour heaped upon their shoulders, and were longing for the time when two, or at most three, days labour in the week would place them within the reach of every comfort of life. The day of election would soon arrive when be should meet them at Monmouth- not to have a halter put round his neck, for he should not like that, (You shan't, you shan't), but to be elected their representative in Parliament, where he should labour, whilst he had breath, for the restitution of their rights. After Mr Frost had dono speaking the notorious landlord of the King Crispin beer-house, Brinmawr, acted the usual part assigned him at such meetings, by getting upon the dung-bill and proposing three cheers for the charter, &c., &c., &c., which occupied a quarter of an hour, after which the meeting quietly dispersed. Another meeting of a private nature was held the same evening at the above beer shop, and did not break up till two in the morning, when the hoot- ing and yelling along the roads, caused so much terror in the minds of some of the inhabitants, that they left their beds and kept on the watch till day-break.

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