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ftto ttmoutligittre. MONMOUTH RACES. These racescommenced on Wednesday week. The town presented a gay and lively appearance. At the commencement of the sport there were not many carriages upon the ground, but the grand stand and many of the surrounding booths were completely full. The ground was kept quite clear. Mr Gutteridge, clerk of the course, mounted upon his gallant grey, kept galloping up and down, and exerted himself much in keeping all stragglers off the course. THE CHIPPENHAM STAKES, of Five Sovereigns each, and Thirty added. One mile and a half. Mr Collard's rn m Bodice, aged, 9st 101bs(Moon.. I Mr Walmsley's b g, Catamaran, aged. 9st lOlbs. 2 Mr Bowen Davis's b m. Merrv Lass, 5 yrs, 9st Glbs 3 I Mr Bristow's cli f, Susannah, 3 vrs, /st 121b. 4 THE HACK STAKKS, of Three Sovereigns each, and Fifteen added. The winner to be sold for 40 sovereigns, or, at the option of the stewards, to be so!d to the best bidder oil the evening of the first race dav; surplus above <jf40 to go to the fund, from which thedeficie(J(',y, If allY, wIll be mado up. Heats, one mile and a half. I Mr Page's br f, Miss Foote, 3 yrs, 95t (II Wad low) I I* I I ] Mr Jones's b ni, Gorsebusb, 5 yrs, 1 Ost 6lbs 1 3 2 Mr Bowen Davis's cli f.Caraguata, 3 yrs, 9st 0 2 3 Mr Wynn'sbrg, Kilkenny, 6 yrs, llst2!bs.. 0 0 d Mr Powell's b h, Cripple, aged, 11st, 2lbs.. 0 d TIl LLANTAHNAM HURDLE RACK, OF Five So- THK LLANTAHNAM HURDLE RACK, OF Five So- vereigns each, two forfeit, witu 1 wenty-five added by RJ Blewitt, Esq.,M-P; Heats, twice round and a distance. Handicap. I4""1, lcaP3 •" each heat. Mr J Williams's bg, Plougbboy, 5yrs, lOst, (Davis) 1 2 1 Mr %'t'liites's b in Discovery, 6 yrs, 11 st, 91b 2 3 2 Mr Oliver's g b, Graybng, aged, 12st 3 3 Mr Wynn's b g-, Kílk('IIIY, ô yrs, lOst 71bs drawn Mr Moon's Mary, by Piscator, 5 yrs, gst. drawn -1 The Stewards' Ordinary was afterwards held at the Kings Head, and was well attended. TIIL, dinner was excellent and the wines of first rate quality. The race ball, under the auspices of t|10 stewards, took place at the Beaufort 1 rms Hote^ an,j W;lg wc.|| attended, though, perhaps not quite so brilliant an assemblage as it would ",l*e *>en> the weather bad been more favourable. ancing, iu quadrilles and waltzes, was kept up with great spirit during the evening, and much thanks is ( ue to the stewards for their unwearied and utnversa attention during the evening. Tea and codec were banded about, and again the quadrilles and waltzes were commenced, and kept up with unabated 3pirit till ;i jaje hour ju the moruillg. Titf, SFconD DAY was much more favourable The weather was exceedingly fine and the assemblage was far more numerous and brilliant than on the day preceeding. The LLANANRII STAKES, of Ten Sovereigns each half forfeit, with Forty added, for horses of all ages; the winner to be sold for 200 sovereigns, if demanded' &c.; were walked over for by Mr Walmsby's b g Catamaran. A SYVBEPSTAKES of Five Sovereigns each, with Twenty added. Mr Walmsby's b g Catamaran, 9st. 121b., (Wadlow) 1 1 Mr Collard's roan 111 Bodice, aged, Vost.*5l'b. 2 d Mr Page's bn f Miss Foote, 3yrs. 7it. 91b 3 d A HANDICAP HURDLE RACE of Three Sovereigns each and 1 wenty added, and a Cup given by Visitors at D;in y Park. Heats, twice round and a distance. Mr Oliver's Grayling (Oliver) 1 ] Mr Jones's b m Gorsebusb 2 Mr Rees Sims's bn 111 Clytha Lass 3 0 Mr White's b 111 Discovery. 0 3 Mr Wynne's bn g Kilkenny 0 0 Mr Williams's bn g Plougbboy 0 0 A HANDICAP of Four Sovereigns each, and Fifteen added, Free to the beaten horses, and forced for winners. One mile and a half. Mr Bristow's ch f Susannah, 8st 61b (Morgan) 1 Mr Bowen Davies's h m Merry Lass, lOst. 21b. 2 Mr Page's b f Miss Foote, Sst 31 b 3 The Tows STAKES, of Five Sovereigns each, and 20 added, for horses, &c. not thorough-bred. Heats one mile and a half. Mr Oliver's Grayling, aged, 12st (Oliver) 1 Mr White's b m Discovery, Oyrs. 12st 2 d Mr Vokin's b g Tom Thumb, aged 12st. drawn. A PONY RACE, for Ten Sovereigns was won by Mr Sims's Tom Tough, beating Mulberry Lass and Tidvil. The dinner at the Beaufort Arms was served up in good style, and the wines were of the very best kind. Among the company were, Sir B. Hall, Captain Davics, Messrs. Vauglmn, Dowdeswcll, St. Leger, Rolls, W. Hall, Perch, Hawkins, Jones, Scroopo. Lawrence, Stevens, Wynne, Stretton, Jones, Hall, Whitehouse, Price, Coker, Carr, Battinan, Bateman, Wyburn Joues, c. SOCIETIES FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE, AND THE PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL IN FOREIGN PARTS. On Thursday last,the Rev. Joseph Camplin Prosser, Rector of Itton, preached a sermon at St. Mary's Church, Abergavenny, on behalf of the Societies for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and for the Propa- gation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. The subject of discourse was taken from the I Tim- 11, 4—" Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth." The two points elicited from the text—viz. That it was the desire of Al- mighty God that all men should be saved and that the means of attaining salvation, was the" knowledge of the ti-utti," were very beautifully illustrated and forcibly applied. The llev. speaker, in the course of the sermon introduced many interesting details re- pecting the operations and success of the Societies, whose claims he advocated, and concluded with a fer- vent exhortation to increased zeal and effort on the part of all who, with God, desired that all men should be saved and come to the knowledge of truth. The collections at the doors amounted to .t 14 158. The audience then adjourned from the Church to the Town Hall, for the purpose ot holding the annual 11 public meeting of the above Societies. The LORD BXSIIOP of the Diocese presided on the occasion. The assembly, which was rather small at the com- mencement of the meeting, gradually increased until the Hall was, at an early stage of the proceedings, well filled. Among those present were, the Hon. W. Rodney W. A. Williams, Esq., M.P.; F. Hanbury Williams, Esq.; W. Bevan, Esq.; Rev. W. Powell, Vicar of Abergavenny; Rev. J. A. Gabb; Rev. Thos. Williams, Lanvapley Rev. Thos. Williams, Trostrey Lodge; Kev. H. Peake, Rev. W. Crawley; Rev. J. C. Prosser, See. &c. His Lordship commenced by stating that it had been usual on such occasions to announce the order to be observed. Before doing so, however, he wished ,On* to make a remark or two, I-Iy way of introduction. There were a few encouraging aspects of the times. That did not appear within those walls, for he had ex- pected a much larger attendance, but lie thought it might be useless to wait any longer. He could not but hope that there was a greater interest abroad than the aspect of the present meeting seemed to indicate. Since the meeting last year, there had been a great improvement in the public mind, and that improve- ment was going on every day. They had been for several years past threatened with storms, but he hoped those storms had forever passed away, and that they now should be favoured with a clearer atmosphere. They had now to guard against the dingers connected with prosperity, and to make a proper use of the in- creased advantages which they now enjoyed,—the ad- vantages arising out of the state of things on which they were now entering. When things took merely their usual course—when there was the same routine of business to attend to, the public mind grew indiffer ent. It needed some special excitement, which could not always be expected. This, he could not but re- peat, was too apparent on the present occasion. lie hoped that a sense of duty would always stimulate them to exert themselves in the sacied cause in which they were engaged. His lordship t'len stated that the reports of the societies would now be read, and that a series of resolutions would be offeied to the meeting by several gentlemen who were then present. The Report of the Diocesan conmittee of the Soci- ety for promoting Christian Knowledge was then read by the Secretary, the Rev. J. A. Gabb and W. A. Williams, Esq., the Treasurer, presented the annual statement of the receipts and expenditure. In the ab- sence of the Secretary and Treasurer, the latter being detained in Gloucester by important business, Mr. ii Gabb also read the report of the County committee of the other Society, and produced the ,Treasurer's an. nual statement. The reports of both societies spoke of much success in their respective departments. The report of the Monmouthshire jommittee of the Society for propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts stated that, since the last anniversary X205 8s. 4d. had been remitted to the Parent Society a sum almost equal to that remitted by the whole Diocese the preceding year. for propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts stated that, since the last anniversary £ 205 8s. 4d. had been remitted to the Parent Society a sau almost equal to that remitted by the whole Diocese the preceding year^ The following resolutions were then proposed to the meeting and adopted: — 1. That the Reports of the District Committees of the Societies for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, now produced, be adopted. Moved by F. II. WILLIAMS, Esq. Seconded by the Rev. W. POWELL Vicar of Aber- gavenny. 2. That this meeting, being sericusly impressed with the conviction of the evils existing in the social and moral state of a large portion of the labouring classes in this country, now more especially arising from their exposure to the arts and devices of those who are most active and persevering in their endea- vours to lead them into courses of sedition and infi- tlelity,-an(i being (leeplyseasible of the admirable tendency of the Society for Promoting Christian Know- ledge to counteract those evils, by the promotion of sound Christian education, and the distribution of the the Holy Scriptures, the Liturgy, and other moral and religious publications,—earnestly calls upon the public for increased exertions and support. public for increased exertions and support. Moved by W. BEVAN, Esq. Seconded by the Rev H. WILLIAMS, Bassalleg. 3. That this Meeting is desirous of expressing its thankfulness to Almighty God for the increased suc- cess with which he has been pleased to bless the exertions of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, by awakening additional interest in its behalf in this kingd°m'an^ exten(*lnS the knowledge and belief of the Gospel in the sphere ot its labours, in our widely extended and most important dependencies and is desirous of testifying that thankfulness by renewed zeal in the holy cause, and by earnestly soliciting the assistance of all who are anxious for the propagation of the religion ot Christ through the instrumentality ot our beloved Church. Moved by the Hon. W. RODNEY, Seconded by the Rev. T. WILLIAMS, Lanvapley. 4. That the thanks of this meeting be given to the Directors of the Rhymney Iron Co. for their solemn declaration, recognizing the solemn obligation they are under to provide the means of religious instruc- tion to the multitude they employ to blllId a"d en" dow churches, and schools for the education ot poor children. Moved by the LORD BISHOP. Seconded by the Rev. W. CraWLEY. 5. That the next anniversary meeting of these Societies be held at Chepstow. Moved by the Hev. J. IRVING. Seconded by the Rev. J. C. PROSSEK. 6. That the warmest thanks of this meeting be offered to the Lord Bishop for the efficient and con- stant support and patronage given by his Lordship to the District Committees of this coillity.-aiid for his kind and able presidency on this occasion. Moved by W. A. WILLIAMS, Fsq,, M.P. Seconded by Rev. J. A. GABB. We are compelled. for want of space, to break off here this week. In our next we shall extract the in- teresting details contained in the reports of the local committees of both Societies' and from the volumi- nous notes we have taken, an ample report will be furnished of the very eloquent spe«ches delivered in the course of the meeting. .,## MONMOUTH BOROUGH REGISTRATION. The result has been as follows:—There were six objections made by Messrs Powles and Tyler, out of which two were established and three by Mr George, out of which one was established. There were 91 claimants, of which four were struck out. DIXTON PAUISH.—There wero three objections, of which was one established; and two claims, made by Thomas Hughes and William Knight, both of which were disallowed, on the ground of not having sum. cient qualification. ABERGAVENNY PETTY SESSIONS. [Before the Rev. WM. PONVRLL, Hon. WM. RODNEY, F. H. WILLIAMS, and Rev. G. GABB.] OCT. 9.-David Harris, a Wer, charged by Tho. mas Hemming, an agent under the Blaenavon Com- pany, with absenting himself from his work before his contract was fulfilled.-Sentenced to a fortnight s im- prisonment with hard labour m the house of correction a William Jones, Mason, of Aberystruth, charged with violently assaulting ^muel Church on the 7th day of September last.-I''n(:d *2.-1. 6(1. and costs. Robert Coghlan, charged by^A »»fred-Tames w.th assaulting her at Abergavenny, on the dOth of Septem- ber.—Case dismissed. c Samuel Powell, alias Sam Switch^charged with vio- lently assaulting his wife, and Ihomas Williams, on the night of the 8th inst.,a"d afterwards attempting to u* i.u 4. Pined ID the penalty of or cut his own throat.- >ne two months nnpr.sonuien^ afterwards required to b Majesty's sul"jects for \U towards his w.feandall b JretieH]3a £ .20e ach; months himself in £ 40, an ( of no bail being foun on| y recently •° S £ Sdie0" hp if J*. Je„H eatiog w, j0nes, nig k o 1 a u y forward and acknowledged that he, a companion,came iorw*«" ».. Jones, was the person who did it. -.The Magistrates ordered him to pay the damage and costs. COMMITTED TO USK GOAL, on Saturday last, Tamar Cwivin, for wncealiog b fth of her çbild. r _,1 ABERGAVENNY CYMREIGYDDION SOCIETY On Wednesday last, the Members of the Aber- gavenny Cymreigyddion Society and their friends met and dined at the Greyhound Inn. The dinner was served up in excellent style; most of the delicacies that could be procured being on the table. About five o'clock Sir Charles Morgan, Bart., took the chair, supported on his right by Sir Benjamin Hall, Bart., and 011 his left by Chevalier Bunson. The vice-chair was taken by Mr Tegidd. Sixty-five persons sat down, (Rather a smaller number than was anticipated.) Hie harpers played during the dinner. 11 1 In the evening a musical meetin- was held at the Free Grammar School, which was vell attended, but not so numerously as on former meetings. 1 IIE REVISING BARRISTER attended here on^Wed- nesday, when there were three objections made aud struck off. THE DUKF. AND DUCHESS OF BEAUFORT have, wc understand, made arrangements to return to this country early in November, when their Graces intend to recive company immediately 011 their arrival at Badminton. NEWPORT, OCT. 9.—A company of the 45th regi- ment arrived here in the steam packet, Us", from Bristol. The company of the 29th, who have been stationed here for some time, embarked on board the above packet at the same time for Bristol. THE EBBW VALE and Beaufort Annual Hunt, came off on Thursday, the 3rd. The; known mettle of the hounds, and the extreme fineness of the day, brought together a large field of sportsmen. And after some capital sport, our hungry hounds repaired to Lloyd's house, of Beaufort. Thirty gentlemen sat down to a most splendid dinner, composed of the delicacies of the season, and served up in mine host s well known style. Davis, Esq of Bedwas, in the chair; supported by Wm. Thomas, Esq., Court, Mer- thyr. The usual loyal toasts were drunk with due honors,—speeches laudatory of hunting were made, and several capital songs contributed to the convi- vialities of the evening. The company broke up at a late hour much pleased with their days entertain- ment. R. Barley, Esq., of Nantyglo, and Thomas Hopkins, Esq., of Victoria, are appointed stewards for the next hunt. ANCIENT ORDER OF DRUIDS.—TREDEGAR IRON WORKS. Honours, monuments, and ambition are demolished and destroyed by time, but the reputation of wisdom is venerable to posterity, and those that were envied or neglectcd in their lives, are adored in their memories. The comfort of life can only be acquired and maintained by virtuous conversation, good oflices, and concord. To promote these the society of Ancient Druids, founded on the morality of its predecessors, has been established, and held a Festival 011 Monday, the 3Ulli inst., for the first time at this Town. Early in the forenoon the streets became crowded with spectators, who had arrived from the surrounding works, to wit- ness the novel and interesting appearance of this com- munity; and about 12 o'clock, the procession, con- sisting of about 120 members, iu full costume, with banners, and other appendages, headed by two Harp. ers, and a child in uniform, mounted in a car, tastefully ornamented for the occasion with the "boughs of the brave old Oak," slowly marched in majestic order to the Church, where a very appropriate and impressive sermon was preached by the Rev. E. Jenkins, of Dow- lais. from Mark xvi. lb., Go ye iiitoill tll(', woi-I(Iitid preach the Gospel to every creature." This eminent Clergy initi,i ri*,t very eloquelltalld learned manner, com- mented on the laws and principles of this institution, and shewed that their direct tendency was to pro- mote the advancement of public and private virtue- and bv uniting its members in one fraternal band' of pbilanthrophy to secure their happiness and social enjoyment and the practice of good-will towards each other: this was Gospel doctrine and it was impossible to practice it without the Gospel. He also very much approved of tile motto, lie that day saw inscribed on their flag-, and trusted every person would strictly adhere thereto—viz,, Brawd- oliaeth ac Uniondeb—Cvfeillgarwch a Ffyddlondeb." lie then very emphatically described the wretched aud pitiful condition of those persons who lived regardless of these virtues, and concluded his excellent discourse by solemnly and seriously exhorting all present to be come partakers of its excellencies. From church they proceeded to the beautiful (ijaitsioci of S. Horn fray, Esq., who seemed much pleased with their appearance and from thence 1110 brothers of Owen Tudor's Lodge con- ducted the members of the Temple Pence Lodge to the Red Lion, and afterwards returned to their own Lodge at the Greyhound, where nothing could surpass the the striking and beautiful appearance of the room. The walls were tastefully and elegantly ornamented with gilrld branches of oak alld flowers,while from the centro hung several wreaths of evergreens. An excel- lent Dinner was then served up by their liberal Patron and worthy host, Mr. H. Morgan. Ample justice having been done to this repast, and the cloth removed, it was proposed by Mr T. A. Needliam, seconded by Mr. H. forgan, that Mr. J. Llovd, Beaufort, be elected Chairman, and Mr. Parrott' Vice Chairman for the remainder of the evening, which was carried unani- nously. The Chairman then addressed the company, in a neat and appropriate speech, and trusted they would in their accustomed and praiseworthy manner, pay ue obedience and attention to the chair, and by their conduct and deeds on that div, let the inhabit- nfiMt* /r^°?ar co,lvinced of their loyalty, and the ° (Cheers). The first (oast he should hlartr'f 1" 1110 9"een. n|)d long may she live in the n l t° su',jects." Drunk with three times three, (J1 rt,'Jlcndous cheering. Next followed "The l\lr" p.OWa^er' :incl the rest of the Royal Family." 1. j" 'l,rott then rose to propose the health of a email who was universally respected by all who knew ii m. and one to whom they were greatly indebted, not only for his excellent discourse on that day, but a so tor tin; kind manner he had been pleased to favour 1(:'n w,t1' f"'s company the remainder of the evening -it was, The liealtli'of the Rev. 10. Jenkills, and the iest of the use.) Drunk with nine "PS a"J continued cheering. 10 uv- K-Jenkins iu a very animated and elo- quent manner returned thanks, and said it had given "lm inucb pleasure and great satisfaction to meet them 011 such nn occasion that day.—(Hear.) He ap- proved of the institution, (hear, hear) and as he had be- fore stated, if thev would but adhere to the rules and principles of the order, strictly and strenuously sup- porting them, they would unquestionably succeed and prosper—(cheers') Before he sat down, he had the (walth of a Gentleman to propose, and waS confident when they heard his name mentioned, it would meet the heartiest approbation of all present; it was the health and future prosperity of that Gentleman who had built a sacred edifice in that town. which was nn everlasting monument of his virtue, that could not fail to convince every one present, particularly the inhabit- ants of Tredegar, that lie not onlv studied their tem- poral but also their spiritual welfare, S. Homfray, Esq —(tremendous cliecriiig.) Drunk with nine times nine, followed by a Welsh Air on the Ha rp. The Chairman next gave" The ancient order of Druids, root and branch "—three times three. Song, by Mr. J. Morgan, 1, the Mistletoe Bough." The Rev. Mr. Jenkins next rose and said he had the health of one individual to propose, who, however far he may differ from them in his political creed, still he was assured, and with unshaken confidence would add, that his name was dear to them i,!I. (hear.) They were all under a very great debt of gratitude to that Noble- man, ns a hero and a statesman, and he trusted that he would long and ever contiuue in the present confidence and estimation of his country-he meant the illustrious Duke of Well illgtol).-(Iicar, ijear, hear.) Drunk with nine times nine, and deafening cheers. Mr. H. Morgan then sung" the Victory," in his usual musical style. Mr. Parrott in a neat speech proposed the health of Mr. Fothergill-received with cheers, and drunk with three times three. The Rev. E. Jenkins again rose to return thanks in beltalf of Mr. Fotbergill, and said lie greatly regretted that important business occasIoned him to take his departure at an early hour, but before he left he had one more toast to propose, which he was certain would be drunk with enthusiasm—it was the health of a lady, (cheers) and one with whose name they were quite fa- miliar, viz., "Mrs. S. Homfray, and her children" —(applause) Drunk with nine times nine, and con- tinuetl cheering ;-followed by a piece ofilausic on the Harp. Three cheers were then given for their respected friend and benefactor, the Rev. E. Jenkins, on leaving the room. Several other important toasts followed, the prin- cipal of which were, "The visiting Gentlemen of Tredeg-ar." "All's well," sung by Mr. H. Morgan, and son, in grand style. "The health of Mr Morgan and famifv." Drunk with enthusiasm together with the health of P. c. A. Needham, and P. A. Rudge. The whole of the evening was spent in the most convivial and social manner. 11 News much older than their ale went round," while every countenance bespoke- The ancient spirit was not dead, Old times, indeed, were breathing there; Proud every heart, his country bred Such strength, a dignity so fair. The evening being far spent, a vote of thanks was given to the Chairman and Vice-Chairman, for their exertions in adding to the mirth and enjoyment. The brethren returned home, highly pleased with the gra- tifying manner in which they had spent the day. "Parhaeù Brawdgarweh." CYMRQ BACH, 'h THE LITERATURE OF WALES. No. nr. IVe must now endeavour to bring our remarks to a close. Mr Bray, in the last quotation we made from his pamphlet, very cnerg-etically calls upon the wealthy inhabitants of the Principality to make up without delay their lack of service to the peasantry, in the canse of literature,-tiot by promoting the colloquial use of the native tongue, but by using every endeavour to cultivate an acquaintance with the English language, and with Bnglisli books. We so heartily join him in this appeal, that we cannot abstain from continuing the quotation from the point at which we beforo broke off. The author of the essnv says,—"Aye, the Wynnes the Vaughans the Powises the Rices the Williamses-the Mostynes, and all who glory in the names and extraction of an ancient Briton, have in truth more cause for blushing for themselves than for their sires; for the latter did some good in their generation —they found the field of education a barren waste, and they put in seed; they planted in North Wales nine, and in South Wales ten educational plants, while their descendants have not put in a sin- gle plant; and what is worse, the plants set by their forefathers, have never been properly attended to, or looked after by them—they have been left to take their own fate, heedless whether they thrived or pe- rished.* They have neither erected a single school, nor added to the endowments of those already sub- sisting, except so far as credit must be given to them for the share they may have had in contributing to. wards the building or endowing of the national schools, in which the scantiest instruction possible is given to the children of the poor, and which though better than none at all, causes them to ill deserve the name of national. They should rather be called Church of England schools, their primary object being to in- struct the children of the poor in the principles of the Established Church. Even as regards these meagre establishments, which neither owe their existence to, nor aro altogether supported by the rich, save in some few instances, the Welsh are behind hand with their Saxon neighbours. The returns of the number of schools for England and Wales, in which the chil- dren are taught daily as well as Sundays, give for England 6,112, or one for every 1,800 of the inha- bitants; while in Wales the number is 3,58, or one for every 2,300 of the inhabitants. "These facts, if they establish anything, prove thus much,that there is on the part of the nobility and gentry of Wales, an inattention (not perhaps designed) to the educational wants of the people. It is only for that purpose they have been adduced—that a comparison has been instituted between the provision mado for the education of the poor in England and Wales. If these schools were ten fold, aye, a hundred-fold mul- tiplied in the Principality, they would do nothing, or next to nothing, towards the promotion of literature —towards calling forth the talent of its youth, and diverting it into a literary channel. All these schools can do, all they purpose doing, and all they arc calcu- lated to effect, is to teach the children of the poor to read and write, adding thereto a little parrot instruc- tion in arithmetic and the catechism of the Church of England. Something more must be done to excite the rising generation to literary efforts-to place Wales on a footing with its Saxon and Scottish neighbours in point of literary reputation." We have now arrived at the point, on which we seized on a former occasion,—t!i9 establishment of an University within the Principality. We are not now prepared to dwell on this topic, because we fear it is somewhat premature. There is one introductory observation of Mr Bray's which perhaps is worth a passing notice. He says,— "The cheapness of provisions in Wales would be a further inducement to persons of small or moderate fortunes to reside within the Principality, for the pur- pose of educating their children, especially tho wi- dows of clergymen and other professional men, who had no tie to any particular place, and who generally remove to, and take up their abode in some spot, which combines the advantage of education with an economy of their resources." The "cheapness of living in Wales" is a pleasant fable, which may be harmlessly believed by those who reside at the distance of a hundred miles or more. Speaking from some experience, we should say that in several parts it is very considerably higher than in England generally; and that taking the average, it fully equals that country in this respect. If a Uni. versity can be planted in one of the more economical spots of Wales so much the better; but the Princi- pality, as a whole, and economy, aro anything but convertible terms. We, however, must not overlook one important fea- ture in the state of Society in Wales, which Mr Bray, it is true, has hinted at, but which will hear a more pointed reference. The fact is that in Wales the po- pulation are divided into two great extremes. There are the very rich, and the ordinary labourer; while but few middle men. The intermediate class are particularly scanty; many of those who belong to it by outward appearance, bearing no affinity to those of England, in point of education. This is evident in most of the large undertakings planted in the various parts of South Wales. The clerks and managers of the different iron works, are chiefly English. The cause of such :111 arrangement is obvious at a glance The numbers of persons who, according to their station in life. might be reckoned upon as eligible for such situations, are few in Wales; and of those few the bulk arc not sufficiently educated. This being the case, no wonder Mr Bray iisks the aristocracy of Wales,- n I"8 t!iv inhabitants feel desirous that leir IU i\e and should no longer continue in a state of i m nerian darkupss, as regards the cui tivation of polite literature 1 Will they not endeavour to wipe away the reproach which attaches to, and must ever cleave to them, i 1, while all is stir, bustle and activity around them, they move not at all? If while educa- tion is progressing every where else, they allow it to remain stationary in Wales! Are they devoid of all national spirit, and feeling ? Are thoy, because Wales is merged ta the British empire, unable to feel, and 11 1 .:u:t as Welshmen—as ancient Britons, ex- pelled their fair patrimony bv the arm of tho more powerful and successful Saxonj and doomed to inhabit the less hospitable and fruitful region of Cambria? In thus tracing Mr Bray's very sensible and useful remarks through the course of this Essay, and in thus placing on record our own deliberate opinions of the causes of the depression of the literature of Wales, we indulge the hope that we shall draw forth the ex- ertions of some, at least, in behalf of their native land. We cannot close however, without two words more. The first is in reference to the cultivation of the mid- dle classes. On this head the Glamorganshire Cler- gyman," who has permitted his eloquent and valuilble letters from time to time, to grace our columns, has left us nothing to add. He has shewn, though with- out reference to language or dialect, tint they ought to be educated, and he has explained the principles on which their education should be conducted. The last observation which appears to be called for, is contained in the brief appendix to Mr Bray's pam- phlet. It is as follows: — "To obviate misconception, and to meet an objec- tion which has been urged by a gentleman intimately connected with the Priticip;llitv, I Tiiit it is not fair to institute a comparison between the literature of Scotland or Switzerland and that of Wales, since most if not all of tllp. taletit and genius of Wales finds its way to England, and consequently, that many authors of celebrity of Welsh extraction are con- founded with English writers,' the following remarks are added. "The fact that most of the talent of Wales meet- ing with 110 encouragement, or but little, in its nat' land, naturally seeks those places where it will 'h^ valued and remunerated, is unquestionable. R t fVales, which has rejected them, can the reputed CaU rent which has spurned its own offspring in«n ° 1 or pride itself upon that merit which it invpr r 0 —to which perhaps it never gave birth^? ',s'erpd might some unnatural and selfish sten.f ti We" spnt. his son to Mr Squeers to be educa/Li'^ ,Wll° himself upon the future honours and su > um.° son, to which he never contributed. ccess of bis Birth is tho creature of accident. r Sir William Jones, though both of Wel^h 10S' ,au<^ and the two most eminent men of th ex'ract'on, neither their birtb nor their educ-iti™ » "I11"0' owe pality. The country which fosters «reniul°h nPrinci" claim to the talent it elicits. The m t'10 besl dent of birth would not entitle anv nil! or acci- rary or scientific fame of those who ntf the lite" in a different country to the one of ii.llled °mine»ce Wales is to take credit for every JoIi'nT If Williams, who has distinguished himself in »i"°y Qr paths of literature or science, the comni .ieva.r,ous tuted would doubless give a more SounblT^f u to its literary character; but truth must then be sa! I bee^ afi much iQ as in this crificed at the shrine of national vanity. Is it worth while for so paltry a gratification to urge pretensions so unjust and so unfounded ? "It is said that there are many MSS. in Wales of great beauty and excellence in the libraries of the nobi- lity and gentry, and that the poetry and prose compo- sitions in the language will vie with those of either Switzerland aud Scotland, of the same description. Be it so. I have conjectured that so it may be. But the names of the writers arc unknown to the literary world-unknown to Europe, and even to England, They can be known to, and only be read by, Welsh- men, or those versed in the language and antiquities of Wales- the literary world can possess no criterion of their merit—and like the flowers born to blush unseen,' they must waste their literary fragrance in the desert air of the libraries of the great, never withdrawn from or disturbed in their peaceful soli- tude, but by some chance visitant—or to have the dust and cobwebs brushed from their dingy covers.

ISmouglttre. .

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