MER TllYR. REVISION OF VOTES. COUNTY. We last week exposed the "enormous lying of the Dowlais Radicals,—for to that part of the bo- rough were our remarks particularly intended to ap- ply: we now have to state the issue of their crooked policy. There were two objections made against Conser- vative votes, both of which failed; Mr Meyrick observing, very justly, when the case had closed, that ft more vexatious objection had never been brought before a Revising Barrister's Court. The persons ob- jected to were Mr Walter Jeffreys, residing at Liver Pool, and Mr Morgan Jeffreys, residing at Llitifaii. y bryn, Carmarthenshire; who claimed for freehold houses at The Conservatives made ten objections, in three of which they failed; the proof of service of the notices of objection having broken down in the way we described last week,—in a way, we repeat, most disreputable to the Radicals. The other seven objec- tions were allowed. In one of the latter, David Jones, of Dowlais, claimed as a trustee to a benevolent institution. There was no evidence to shew that he was actually in the.receipt of any portion of the rents of their houses. It was found that he was named as a trustee, along with three others, but the deed was. not yet drawn, and therefore his appointment had not been legally confirmed. The following is the result of the registration for the county, as far as regards the parish of Mcrthyr Tydvil NEW CLAIMS. Conservatives 7 Doubtful 6 Radical. 86 Total 99 OBJECTIONS. By Radicals 2 Failed 2 > By Conservatives 10 Sustained. 7 Failed 3 10 BOROUGH. Yesterday week tho Revising Barristers proceeded to revise the list of borough voters. There were six objections made by the Radicals; in five of which they failed, and one only was sustained. The latter wasf the vote of Mr Ree3 Sevan Rees, an agent in the employ of the Plymouth Iron Company; the ground on which he was struck off the list of voters being that though he in the first instance paid all rates and tares on his house, the rent of which was £ 35 per annum, lie had an agreement with the Messrs. Hill that they should refund the taxes in their settlement with him. The Revising Barristers held that this was not a virtual compliance with the requirements of the Act. Another of the Radical' objections was to the vote of Thomas Seaton Forma. Esq., who claimed for Penydarran House. Mr Gibson proved the vote of that gentleman, to the great annoyance of Mr Perkins, whose commknd of temper throughout the whole pro- ceedings was not particularly notable. Mr Coke in- formed the Court that it was an annual objection, and the Court, as in former years, confirmed tbe validity of the vote. The Conservatives made four objectlous; failing in three, and sustaining one. There were ninteen other objections; all of which, —no one being authorised to defend them. and the par- ties themselves not appearing,- were allowed and the names were struck off the list by the Court. There were five new claims by the Radicals, chiefly on the ground of change of residence, or of erroneous description in the list: the whole were allowed. The Conservatives made two claims: failing in one, and establishing the other. The list for the parish of Vaynor was dispatched in a few minutes- There were some changes in it, all by direction of the Overseer. The Court was tbeu adjourned. CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY. As a proof of the extent to which this town is be- nefited by the operation of this venerable institution, we insert the following statement, kindly furnished us by the Curate, the Rev. Thomas Williams:- The books sold at the reduced prices, from the Merthyr Dep6t of the Christian Knowledge Society. exclusive of the sales at the Dowlais Depôt. from Oct. 8, 1838, to Aug. aI, 1839, less than eleven months, were,- English and Welsh Bibles, Testaments, and Prayer Books 491 English aDd Welsh Cards and Tracts 2835 Total sold 3323 X s. d. These books cost the Society 93 15 2 Deduct the amount for which they were sold 55 5 A Loss to the Society by the sale of the aforesaid books 38 9 5i Subscriptions. 7 12 0 Total actual loss to the Society in Mer- thyr 30 17 5 It is but just to state that out of the above the Church Sunday School was supplied to the value of 19 7s. 41ti. of these books. The public will see by the above that the Society has a solid ground of claim on respectable Church- men, whose means allow of their contributing to so excellent an institution. It has done more for the poor of the parish than any other, its claim therefore for support is the strongest. We have much pleasure in adding that a donation of one pound has been for- warded to the Rev. T. Williams, who has the charge of the depfit, by a zealous Churchmen, since the col- lections were made at the church on Sunday week. We trust it may prove the harbinger of many similar contributions. Donations, however small, are re- ceived for the purposes of the Society but an annual subscription of not less than a guinea is requisite, we believe, to constitute a member of the Parent Society. We shall only add that subscriptions will be thank- fully received by the Rev. Thos. Williams. SPECIMENS OI» ORTHOGRAPIH-, of the most original description, have appeared from time to time in our columns, to the great, edification, no doubt, of our numerous readers. We do not remember, however, that we have produced anything richer than the fol- lowing notice of IppeR), from a Dowlais Surgeon! which was Exhibited before the Commissioners of. Taxes, at their meeting in Merthyr, last week:- Augest 12 39 this his to gev notis to you Mr David Jenkins that I shul epel opon the 18 day of September at the Old Angel Inn mother for unlegcl Tax THOMAS HOWARDS
ittonmoutltgiuce. TIIB DUKB AND DUCHESS OF BEAlPORT accom- pained by the Marquis of Worcester and Lady Blanche Somerset, has left Wiesbaden for a tour of the Ger- man Spas. MONMOUTIJSHIRK RACES are to be held oil Wed- nesday and Thursday next. SIR CHARLES MORGAN, BART. arrived at his seat Tredegar Park, on Monday last. LORD BISHOP OF LLANDAFF.-Oll Sunday morn- ing last his Lordship preached a sermon in St. Paul's Church, Newport; and, in the evening, at half-past sit, his Lordship preached a sermon in St Woollos Church. A very large congregation attended both churches. Oil Monday his Lordship remained at Isewpo heday being fine, his Lordship visited the Re ugh Williams, at the Vicarage, Bassalleg. a V,|f atf!°n 7shdV inSt- „,d b, tl» Rev. j. a. and a sermon was preached by the Rev. Hugh Wil- liams, vicar of Bassalleg, froin Tim.c. iv v 16- afU-r which his Lordship made an excellent addre'ss to the Clergy, which occupied his Lordship rather more than an hour. His Lordship has, we understand kindly consented to have his charge published. The bells of St. Woollos were ringing merrily all day on Tuesday. CAKRLEON HORTICULTURAL SHOW.—On Tuesday week this exhibition took place, at the National School Room, in that town; and went off tolerably well. The principal prizes for dahtias were taken bv Mr Wm. Latch. There were two large stands of dahlias from the Durdhain Down and Stapleton Road nurseries. They were exceeditigly fine, at-id contained some most magnificent blooms. The season appeared to be the grand matter of. complaint amongst all classes, many gardens having been fairly destroyed by the late frosts in the spring, and the unceasing rains of the summer. There were some very fine coxcombs from the garden of C. H Leigh, Esq., and a Fuschia Fulgens, the produce of that of R. J. Blewitt, Esq., M.P. The cottagers' productions were superior to those of last year, and there was amongst them a very lively competition for the prizes. A considerable number of prizes for flowers and fruit were adjudicated by the unipires- Mr Nelson, Down Nurse.y; Mr Highnan, from Messrs. Maul and Co and Mr Yarnald, gardener to Sir Charles Morgan, Bart.; and many other extra prizes were given to cottagers for of merit, DIR TO Mil BLAKEMORE. It will interest many of our readers to peruse the speech of Mr Blakemorc, at the dinner given to that gentleman, which we briefly mentioned last week. Tuere were several othor very excellent and appro- priate speeches delivered on the occasion. Ma BLAKEMOIIE'S health having been proposed by the Rev. Chairman, he rose amidst much cheering, and spoke to the following effect:— I am sure, Sir, I shall not meet with one dissenting voice when I say, that my own feelings arc utterly in- adequate to return thanks for the very kind—the enthusiastic manner in which my health has been drunk. (Cheers.) And thedifficulty is the more increas- ed since my Revereud Friend has coupled public acts with those of a more private nature; and, with regard to which. we are told that we should act in such a manner as not to let our right hand know what our left hand doeth." (Cheers.) With respect to the other part of the subject which is more immediately before us, I certainly have no right to assume to myself anything but that which naturally and justly belongs to all public men. I look around this table, and I see on all sides of iyie-ott my right hand and on my IPft-men who have devoted their energies to the service of the same common cause. And particularly if I look to the bottom of the table (Mr Amphlett, Vice-Chairman,) (cheers), I see men who, through evil report and through good report, through diffi- culties and embarrassments of no ordinary kind, have been just as active and zealous as myself in bringing to a happy result that desirable event which we are met this day to commemorate. It is indeed, gentle- men, cheering to reflect that this a subject, throw. ing party feeling aside, we can all of us partake in common. It is cheering to see persons of all kinds: Tory, Whig, and Radical, met together for the good of our common country. (Cheers.) I don't hesitate to say that 1 like a little fun now and then. (Cheers and laughter.) Let one side jump as high as he can —I on my side, will try to jump higher, if I can. (Cheers.) But we can serve our county with united co-operation, with one common view to the promotion of those objects which are beneficial to us all-(cbeers)-and the improvement which you are met to celebrate is, I hope, only the commencement of other improvements. There are, indeed, two other improvements which deserve the earliest attention: the one is at the top of Mounow Street, the other in the making of a public road from Wye Bridge into the town of Monmouth, I allude to these two now because I think some immediate steps should be taken for the effecting of them—and 1 have only to add, that whenever such steps are taken, I shall be found willing and ready to give my assistance and co-operation both with purse and person. (Cheers) Let those pro- fessional gentlemen who are present only purchase those houses which stand at present in the way, and I'll find money to pay for them. (Cheers.) As we are met to commemorate the opening of the new roa I may as well state that the last portion of the debt to the Exchequer Office was only last week paul (clieers); and I can also add, that from the conllnenccment down to the present period, the town of Monmout h-a singular instance, I believe, in ulldcrtaJons 01 the kind—never was in default. (Cheers.) Butiinprove- mcnts of your district do not rest here. ou ave within your neighbourhood facilities ft>r eoi a extensive and important as any in Great Britain: and .1 • • .1 «f the Severn is at the improvement in the navigation 01 w this moment in progress. We shall be abl, when the contemplated improvements between Liverpool and Newport are effected, to put on boar a 1 t w" port atlourteen shillings a ton what [low costs twelity. four shillings a ton.. The Hon. Gentleman then went 'rije Holl. G,Intlelll, on to say,-If anything can give satisfaction, it is to see that though there may be heartburnings, yet that upon such all occasion as the present we can my them all in oblivion. (Cheers) That CollisIons f opinion will arise-that differences will take place, is certain —but, it is cheering and consolata y that for the present such differences are obliterated and forgotten. (Cheers.) And if, in the w of the proceedings connected with the New Ro d have uttered a single unkind word, or have done an unkind action, I am sorry for it; I withdraw it, and now offer the hand of conciliation and friendship. (Cheers.) Before I sit down, however, I cannot but allude to the beautiful exposition of the chairman (Cheers.) He has reminded us that, notwithstanding the asperities with which the business of life is con- nected, yet that there are occasions when we can con- template the beauties of nature, and forget our mutual differences in our anxiety for one common cause. (Cheers.) And if the improvement to which I have given my assistance can add to the everyday walk, or tend to promote the comforts and enjoyments of the inhabitants of your town. I can only say that any pains I may have taken will be aml)ly repaid. In conclu- sion, gentlemen, I thank you for the complitncnt which you have thus paid me; it is a compliment which will invite others to tread in the same steps,— this day testifies that such exertions will reccive the same reward. Once more I congratulate you on the completion of the work, and return you my heartfelt thanks. (Loud cheers.) "1>"1'ø"6>'# NEW MARKET HOUSE AT BRYNMAWR. A large meeting of the inhabitants of Brynmawr was held at the Prince of Wales Inn, 011 Monday week, to take into consideration the propriety of establishing a market in that place. Mr John Phillips, one of the oldest inhabitants, was called to the chair. In opening the proceedings, he congratulated the meeting on their present prospects. He said that thirty years ago, when those spirited ironmasters, the Messrs. Bailey, came to Nantyglo, there were not above half a dozen houses at Bryn- mawr. What did they see now ? At least as many hundreds! Thirty years ago, Brynmawr was unknown. The population numbering probably 15 or 30; now it has a population of four or five thousand. Thirty years ago there was nothing but the Sound of the smith's hammer to be heard from Brynmawr to Aberbecv What was to bo seen now ? Fifteen blast furnaces and immense forges and mills for the manufacturing of iron, giving employment to at least tell thousand persons. Could any person say that a market house was not necessary; and would it not be a very great accommodation to the inhabitants of Brvnmawr nut the neighbourhood ? He said no. J Mr Kershaw, after a short but very excellent speech, proposed that a petition to Crawshay Bailey Esq should be left at the principal houses for signature praying for his consent and support. 0 Mr Judd seconded the motion, and it was unani- mously agreed to. Mr Meale proposed, and Mr Jones, grocer, seconded, that Messrs. Kershaw, Marsden and Judd, as go,)tl ag the petition was signed by the principal inhabitants of Brynmawr, &c., should wait upon Crawshay Bailey, Esq., and present their petition, and to call a meeting as soon as possible to report their progress. Mr Phillips then left the chair, when it was taken by Mr Powell. Mr Lewis proposed, and Mr Watkins seconded, a vote of thanks to Mr Phillips for his able conduct in the chair; which was carried unanimously. -ø#### '7' TREDEGAR POLICE.-SI-PT. 18. The Petty Sessions for the parish of Bed welt (y was this day held in Tredegar, before Summers Harford and Charles Lloyd Harford, JEsqrs., assisted by Titos* Jones Phillips, Esq., magistrates' clerk of the division, when the following cases werelt-roliglit before the bench by Mr Homan, superintendant of police. Thomas Thomas, of Rhymney, Carpenter, for being drunk. Did not appear. Ann Llewellyn for an assault on Mary Williams. Ordered to pay costs between them. Margaret James, of Rhvmney, for an assault on Ann Davies, daughter of David Davies. Dismissed. Mary Evans, wife of Thomas Evans, of Rbymnoy, for an assault on Mary Polly, wife of Evan Polly. Bound over in the sum of twenty pounds, to keep the peace for twelve months. Evan Polly, of Rhymney, for an assault 011 Mary Evans, wife of Thomas Evans. Bound over in the sum of twenty pounds, to keep the peace for twelve months. There were one or two other cases of little or no public importance which were allowed to settle. SAMUEL tiomi,Av, r,,sq., or Bedwellty House, we regret to say, has been seriously indisposed. .##oØ" CHEPSTOW.—LAUNCH OF THE "CIIARLES JONES. -The launch of this beautiful ship took p ace on Saturday, the 7th inst., from the building yard of Mr Oliver Chapman. She is a magnificent vessel, of the best order of modern architecture, of 309 tons register, and is to be commanded by Capt. John McFee ( a e of the Aliquis, East Indiaman), and intended lor the China trade. BDRSLABY.—The Ebbw Vate Iron Company's shop was broken into on the night of the 17th instant, and property, consisting of shawls, hats, silk gloves, &c., to a considerable amount, stolen thlrefrook. The thieves effected their entrance by breaking a pane ol glass in the window, and forcing open the shutters with a small bar, which appeared to have been roughly and recently made for the purpose. Two Jarge mas- tiffs were let loose in the shop as usual at night; and, in the morning, they were found tied in the adjoining bake-house, with Ithe remains of a leg of mutton, which bribe the treacherous brutes bad accepted for their silence. A slight clue has been obtained to the discovery of the robbers, and it is to be hoped they will bo speedily brought
THE LITERATURE OF WALES. No. II. Following the course of Mr Bray's observations in bis prize essay on this interesting subject, we find him next entering on the investigation of those causes which he considers ''have led to so wide a disparity between the inhabitants of the Principality, and the two other portions of the British Empire, in the de- gree of eminence each has respectively attained in the cultivation of letters. Before he proceeds with this part of his subject, he again protects himself against misconception, as to his opinion of the exact and precise literary position of the Principality. He says We do not, let it be observed, deny to Wales all literary merit, but only her full share of it—that she has attained that degree of distinction—that elevated position in the world of letters, which considering her lot-tlity-her favourable situation and the necessary intercourse with the different parts of the empire, she might and ought to have assumed. The name of Jones, common and familiar as it is to England, none will deny to he of Welsh extraction. That name is conspicuous both in science and literature, and if the celebrated oriental scholar who bore it. had owed to the Principality his birth, as he unquestionably did his name, he might and would have been a set off against many an author of Norman and Saxon birth: whose united labours have not conferred on literature such real and solid advantages, as it has derived through the astonishing industry of that great and excellent man, in the brief period (too brief alas for learning and his friends, thongh not for his fame,) destined by providence to his useful labours." Mr Bray lays considerable account on the social position of Wales. But as we must differ with him on the extent of this part of his apology for its lack- lustre in the literary horizon, it is but fair to quote his words at length. He says,- "There is no circumstance more unfavourable to literature than the distribution of the inhabitants of a country into very small communities. If the whole of the population instead of being collected into cities, towns and villages, were dispersed and scattered through the country so that in no place was there to be found an assemblage of more than a few straggling houses, it would be impossible in such a country for literature to flourish j-no societies could be formed for its encouragement through the difficulty of getting people together in sufficient numbers, and the educa- tion of the poor would be nigh impracticable. In such a state of things, and there is something akin to it in the back settlements of America, agriculture would be the only, or almost the sole pursuit. Every one would have to depend almost wholly upon himself for his domestic comforts; lie would have to be his own butcher, tailor, shoemaker, carpenter, blacksmith, &c., which would fill up most of his time- No one in such a state of things could or would think of devoting himself to literary pursuits. The more a country resembles such a one, the more the difficulties thrown in the way of literature. Now if we compare Wales with Scotland, we shall find the latter country is far more favourably situated in this respect than the former,—-that it has if you please so to term it a more favourable literary position. Scotland contained at the census of 1831 a popu- lation of 2,36.5,000 persons in round numbers, distri- buted over a surface of 30,390 square miles, giving therefore to each square mile a population of 1619. Wales contained at the same cen us 805,000 per- sons, distributed over a surface of 7»08 square miles, giving thereby 2331 persons to each square mile. While, however, the population is more densely scat- tered over the surface in Wales, it is less collected into towns and villagesthere being only twelve towns with a population exceeding õOOO, one above 10,000 and one above 20,000 within the whole Princi- pality. In Scotland the reverse of this takes place. The people are there more collected into towns, the number of which containing a population exceeding 5000 was thirty three at the census 1S31. Ot these, four exceeded 100,000 inhabitants, one 50,000, two 40,000, two 30,000, four 20,000, eleven between 10,000 and 20,000, and the remainder between 5,000 and 10,000." We said we must differ with Mr Bray on this head He says, if the whole of the population, instead of being collected into cities," and so forth. Now this is begging a question in favour of Wales, which his subsequent statements do not sufficiently bear out. rhe state of this country, as far as the location of its inhabitants is concerned, certainly presents little akin to the back settlements of America." Centuries at least have elapsed, since in the Principality every man was "his own butcher, tailor, shoemaker, car- penter, blacksmith, &c. Then again, admitting that Scotland possesses more large towns than Wales, still in comparison with the extent of each in square miles. Wales has one fourth more inhabitants. Leaving his calculations at the point Mr BaA Y has brought them to, is, in effect, saying that literature cannot flourish where there is not a population of at least 5000 This inference we altogether deny; and we refer to the many country towns of England, Scotland,—aye, and even Wales, of scarcely 2030 inhabitants for our proofs. London, Manchester, Liverpool, Newcastle uponTyne, may have their larger establishments for the promotion of literature and science, -their public libraries, their botanic gardens,-their scientific insti. tutions but it will scarcely be denied that the smaller towns have their proportion of learning, and literary acquirements among them. Comparing Scotland with Wales, the towns of the former should be two thirds or three fourths larger, or else comparison goes for nothing; and thus the location on Mr llR. y's rinciplc also goes for nothing. Neither is he much more suc- cessful in some part of his succeeding apology for Wales. He says,— "Scotland up to the commencement of the seven- teenth century possessed the advantage of being an indepen lant kingdom. It had a capital and a court, and even up to the passing of the act of union the forms of royalty and the appearance of a court were kept up at Holyrood-house. But above all these, it possessed four universities with provosts and salaried professors in the various departments of science and literature. The benefit 01 the concentration was felt even by the villages, not one of which was destitute of a school, in which as much knowledge 0f Latflt might be acquired as would fit the son of the humblest cot tager for a liberal profession. The independency of the kingdom of Scotland was surely fully compensated by the independent language of the Welsh. Then again while he particularizes the four universities, with provosts and salaried professors in the various departments of science and literature," belonging to Scotland, he leaves it to be inferred that Wales was destitute in that respect. This is altogether an error. We admit his argument holds good to a certain degree, but not to the whole extent which he makes it appear. We allow that Wales has not had her proportion of University advantages • but something is due to her six endowed schools, with their twenty one fellowships, twenty seven scholarships, and tltirty four exhibitions; some of these dating as far back as, A.D. 1584; the bulk of them being founded in the early part of the seventeenth century. If M, BRAY shall assert that even taking into consideration all these, Wales has not made her proportionate advance in learning, we shall not join issue with him; we believe such assertion would be correct; but we mention them here to shew that his comparative state- ment of the advantages and disadvantages of Wales and Scotland is not complete; though we fear if WP. prosecute the subject we shall but make a stronger case against the Cymri, and therefore we desist. There is another important cause assigned by our author for the greater progress of the more northern country, a cause which we are sure has had its full effect: the comparative wealth of the two nations. Scotland possesses a further advantage in the distribution of property; for according to the latest population returns of Great Britain with reference to the occupations of the people, it appears that the numbers of capitalists, bankers, professional and other educated men in Wales, amounted to 5,204, while in Scotland there were 29,203 of the same classes, or six times the number—the population of the two countries being only as three to one." Again, in another place be aptly remarks:— Whpro there exist no patrons of learning, who will cultivate letters, but those so devoted to them that they can follow no other pursuit; where no en- couragement is given to any branch of science, learning, or the fine arts, who would think it worth his while to apply himself to them; what father would bind his son to a trade, or devote him to a profession, by which Iw was not likely to earn a livelihood? If a taste for pictures had not prevailed among the English gentry would the names of Kneller, West, Morland, Rey- nolds, or Lawrence, have been heard of? We may thus much at least predicate of them, that their fame would have been far less than it is-that they would not bnve trausuuUed to posterity SUQU ijlustriol1, names, or have bequeathed such beautiful specimens, each in his respeciive art, to serve as models to future artists." And again, but one page farther on,- Without some encouragement it is nigh impos- sible that the arts, science, or literature can take any deep or lasting root in a nation, nor can they flourish without considerable patronage. I do not use the term as applicable to literature in the sense in which it was used a century and a half ago, when the coun- tenance and favor of some great man, was thought necessary to the success of almost every literary production, but in its modern acceptation; the patron- age of the people—public support being substituted for that of the great, whose aid and assistance are now no longer requisite for the poet, the historian, or the man of letters; the painter, the sculptor, and the engraver only looking up to the rich now for support in their particular professions." He adds also, in another place,- Bounties to encourage learning, if judiciously, are wisely applied. The various professorships founded in the universities of England and Scotland, partially act in the way of a bounty. They do not give, with a few exceptions, so large an income to the professor as to place him above the necessity of self exertion; and consequently he is stimulated" to further efforts.— Fame only is not a sufficient compensation for the cost and labour of publishing, should any accrue there- from." Mr BRAY now arrives at what, we in the present day, consider the chief hindrance to the progress of letters among the Welsh. "The peculiar language of the Welsh, offers I con- ceive, no small degree of obstruction to the success- ful cultivation of letters within the Principality. This is no new born opinion but one which I have long entertained, and have never seen reason to change. This important point he goes on to prove, by shew- ing that while in England and Scotland, allowing only for the various patois which prevail, the rich and poor all speak the same. language, it is otherwise with the Welsh. The nobility and gentry of Wales, though they may know it, speak not the language of the common peo- ple. This. supposed to be that of the aborigines of this island,has undergone little or no alteration amid the many changes which have taken place since man first made it his habitation, and has no affinity whatever with the English. The Welsh mountaineer speaks not a dialect but a language unknown alike to thoeducated and uneducated Englishman, whether be claims to be of British, Saxon, or Norman origin. Neither can understand what the other says. Their language is as distinct as if they were of different nations, had no intercommunication, or seas divided them. Hence, from living more scattered and dispersed, the Welsh people are precluded most of those advantages pos- sessed by the people of England and Scotland. They can take little interest in what is passing in public from their inability to read the public prints, which are all published in English; and this would naturally lead them to attach more importance to the affairs of the Principality than those which affect the nation at large. "If I am right in supposiug diversity of language to act as an impediment to tie diffusion of knowledge among the people of Wales, of which there can be, I apprehend, very little doubt, since they can derivebut small advantage from the spread of knowledge in the many cheap and useful publications which abound in England and Scotlaiid-ciii know little of the im- provements which are daily taking place in the mechanical arts, in manulaetories, or in agriculture, few of which I opine find their way to the mountains of Wales in a Welsh translation, why then the sooner the Welsh cease to have a language of their own the better—the sooner they have a language as they have institutions in common with England and Scotland, the more likely will they be to follow in their path— to desire to possess that information, the thirst for which has become so general in the two last named countries. Where, it may be asked, is the use of pre- serving a language, which, however musical to native and accustomed ears, is of no use at all out of the Principality, and the preservation of which must necessarily retard the march of intellect there?" Reasoning like this is decisive. Here Mr BKAY, has hit the right nail, on the bead. And seeing that a Cymreigyddion Society has awarded him a distin- guished prize for his essay on this subject, we trust it will set an example to kindred institutions, in the direction which it shall henceforth give to its labours: T-that when it hoists the flag 0:1 which is emblazoned, Oes y byd i'r iaith Cymraeg," it shall declare that it is more for the preservation of that which is good already existing tb the native language, and less for the colloquial use of it, that it labours. Its efforts, and those of the Abergavenny and other Societies, will then have an useful tendency, and will deserve to he supported ;—deserve to receive a hundred-fold the coun tenauce, which is at present bestowed upon them. Talking of Cymreigyddion Societies, we cannot help observing, how utterly inadequate the majority of the prizes offered are to the labours which the subjects propose. Supposing the competitor to produce a composition worthy the subject, the remuneration does him injustice: and if the compositions be unwor- thy the subject, and the prize be nevertheless awarded, so far from literature being advanced, the directly op- posite end is brought about. As we have already quoted from Mr Bray, under another head, fame only is not a sufficient compensation," and the prizes given by the Societies, cannot supply the deficiency. It would appear then, that those who heartily de- sire the real advancement of literature in Wales,— tint is to say of Welsh 1 iterature,—are pursuing any- thing rather than the most advisable course. Mr Bray points out another, which in the main we think the correct one; though we should by no means re- commend quite such stringent proceedings as he has suggested. Welsh blood is soon hot; perhaps also it is soon cool; but either way, like most of their Saxon neighbours, they arc more easily led than driven. He says,— I regretted many years ago to see a society established, at the head of which was the then Bishop of St. Davids, for the express purpose, if my memory serve me, of encouraging Welsb literature-produe- tions of a literary kind, scientific or otherwise, in the native language of Wales. It was doubtless a praiseworthy object to en- courage literary genius, but I doubted at the time, and I have since seen no reason to change my opinion, the propriety of encouraging literary works in a language so little read. I thought tbon, and still think, that the Principality would have gained more, had a society been established to encourage the people to educate their children in the language of England, 10 provide them with masters for that purpose; and if the nobility and gentry had furtlier engaged to take lIone into their service but what could speak English, it would have been an inducement to the poor to send their children to such schools. If theuativesof Wales are to participate fully in the advantages of their in- corporation with England, such a society should be established, and the rich will-fait in discharging to the full their duty to the country which gave them birth, if they do not in good earnest set about the task of raising the moral and educational character of the people, especially in giving the children of the poor an English education, the importance of which seems to have been overlooked. 1 would have them consider, that it is not from the ranks of the uobility aud geutry of the realm, that our men of literary eminence and distinction have sprung up, but chiefly from the hum- ble classes, who have tecsived an education at the grammar school of the town or village, which in England and Scotland is accessible to the children of the poorest, wherever such an one is established. True we have had noble authors, but if a catalogue were made distinguishing those of noble birth, from those of plebeian extraction* the latter would greatly outnumber the former. It is the sizar at Cambridge, and the servitor at Oxford, who runs away with the honors of the university* Man^ of these, however, would never have had the benefit of a college educa- tion but for the exhibitions they obtained from the schools where they were educated." We do not continue this quotation further; because it contains some erroneous statements to which we have above sufficiently adverted. Nevertheless in our view of the case, we must say, with all due respect, that the following censure is sufficiently justified. "The nobility and gentry of Wales, however much and with whatever reason L"eY illity indulge the pride of ancestry, have little reaSon to boast ot the patronage and encouragement given to learning by their fore- lathers. And though it would be unjust to father upon one generation the faults ad omissions of pre- ceding ages, still they may have just cause to blush for their ancestors' neglect in n°t better endowing her public schools, and proØlotJllo a spirit of literary I would not be understood here to convey a censure in the rich, or cast a reflection upon the morality of the Welsh peasantry, which I know to be capable of being favourably contrasted with that of any other part of the empire. emulation among her sons—a blush, the ingenuous- ness of which will be best proved by their doing what lies in their power, to atone for such neglect- I f, however, they now sit down silent spectators of what is passing around them—if with folded arms, they passively survey the genius of education beckoning her sons to approach, and offer on her altar such votive gifts as they know to be most acceptable and pleasing to her, and that they respond to her call, especially in England—if w],cn t[JCy See aj| this stir and bustle around her in the field of education, while she neglects 10 cultivate her soil-to call forth all the talent, skill and enterprize which are yet dormant in the minds of her sons, who only await the voice of encouragement to exert themselves, and the fostering band of patroH- age to nurture their efforts while in the cradle; and support them till they shall have passed the feeble state of childhood, and be enabled by their o wn vigour and industry to maintain their manhood—if they can silently look on while others are actively providing mental food for the rising generation, without so much ■is deigning to give a helping hand, and with the most stupid apathy and indifference gaze on what is passing before their eyes, then forsooth the reproach due to the omission of former ages must be chargeable upon the present—the mantle of the fathpr will have de- scended to the son, and the present race of her nobility and gentry must share in the blame which justly attaches to their forefathers." We have marked some further passages for extract and comment; intending, if possible, to return to the subject next week. (To be Continued.)
IStecoitSlutt. BRECONSHIRE RACES. THOMAS, l p Ø8 Steward, W-\LTER MAYBERY, 5 DlIJmr FIRST DAY—WEDNESDAY.—25th Sep. The day proved very favourable and we observed on the course many of the most respectable families of Breconsbire and the neighbouring counties. The excellent band of the 12th regiment was in attendance and added much to the amusement of the day. We have certainly seen better running on former occasions. THE SOUTH WALES PRODUCE STAKES of 10 Sovereigns each, for the produce of Mares covered in 1835. Colts, 8st. 2lbs. Fillies, 8st. Two Miles. Capt. Bowen Davies's b. c. Magician, by Wamba, oat of Manto, by Tiresias. Capt. Bowen Davies's ch. f. Caraguata, by Wamba, out of Clematis, by Waxy Pope. Mr Oseland's br. c. by Pollio olttof Eleanor. by Manfred. Mr Morgan's b. c. by Doctor Faustus, out of Jane, by Spectre, (half bred.) Mr Greatrex's b. or br. f. by Rowton, out of Nosegay, by Emilius. Mr Henderson was a Subscriber but did not name. Captaiu Bowen Davies's Careguata, walked over. THE LADIES' PLATE. A SPLENDID SILVER TEA SERVICE value £ 50, given by the Ladies of Breconshire. Three years old, 7st.f Four years old, Ss(. 41b., Five years old, Sst. 121b., Six and aged, 9st.' 31b.' Winners once this year of the value of £ 50, to carry 3Ibs. twice 51bs.; thrice, 7lbs. extra, (matches and handicaps excepted ) Horses that have started twice this year and not winning allowed 31bs. Maiden Horses, 2lbs. Heats Two Miles. This was won by Mr Malmsley's Catamaran, beat- ing Capt. Bowen Davies's Merry Lass, Mr Harding's The Nile, and Mr Gough's Bay Hampton. The USK STAKES of FIVE SOVERRIGNS each, Three forfeit, with 120 added. Heats, One Mile and Three Quarters. The following were entered :— st. Ibi. 12 0 Mr Colleti's dun m. Duenna, aged 11 10 Mr Gough's hlk. g. Pilot, aged 11 4 Mr Maybery na. b. g. Charity, 11 0 Mr Carless's b. g. Powlck, 5 yrs. 10 10 Mr Powell's b, m. Peasdorf 6 yrs. 10 7 Mr Thomas na. Cholstrey, aged 10 0 Mr Price na. b. m. by Sir Edward, 5 yrs. 9 10 Mr Morgan nab. f. Woodbine, 4 yrs. 7 7 Capt. Feudall na. b. f. Nell, 3 yrs. Won by Captain Feudall's Nell, beating Mr Car- less's Powick, and Mr Oough's Pilot. The COUVTY STAKES of TWO SOVEREIGNS each, with a CUP added, given by the Stewards for Horses bred in the County of Brecon- Heats, once round and a distance. Weights the same as for the Members' Plate. Won by Mr Hughes's Nell, beating Mr Thomas's Wild Duck. A PURSE FOR PONIES was won, in three beats, by Mr Powell's Tom Tough, beating four others. The ordinary at the Castle Hotel, was extremely well attended. We observed among the company the Members of Parliament for Breconshire, Wor- cester, and Sudbury; and the High Sheriffs for the Counties of larecon, Worcester, and Anglesea. SECOND DAY—THURSDAY. The day was delightfully fine; and the attendance on the course was more numerous than on the pre- ceding day. The band of the 12th regiment again attended. The TIUNTP-RS, STAKES of FIVR SOVEREIGNS if0 Porft. with a Whip, given by a Gentleman. Heats One Mi!e and a-half. ? & Mr smith's Powick walked over. The MEAIBRRS, PLATE of FIFTY POUNDS the f1 C Wood and C. M. R. Morgan, Esq., Members s°y on. nty and Uorouo-h of Brecon. Three years, «st 2ibs. Four, 9st. 61bs Five, lOst, 51bs., Six, lOst. S ^8ed, list. A Winner once this year of the extra *■ t0 carry 31bs.; twice, 51bs.; thric 71bs. Won by Mr Walmsby's b g Catamaran, beating 1 » going's The Nile. There were six horses entered. A WELTER HANDTCAPofTHREE SOVEREIGNS PI J fZ witl1 £ '5 added, to close and name to the f ft °i Course, before 10 o'Ciock in the Evening ot tue tirst day of the Races. The weights to be de- clareti h, 10 o'Clock. and to accept by 11 o Clock at M* ,er>rSe Inn the same morning. The winner of the em ers Plate to carry 51bs. extra, all forfeits to go to the second Horse. One mile heats. on by Capt. Bowen Davies' br m Merry Lass, Mr Morris' Young Hesperus and Mr Harding's he Nile. There were five horses entered. The ordinary was again well attended, and the ball was n most brilliant one. W e understand a very liberal subscription has been made for the next year's Races. The Stewards' names are Edward John Hutcbins, Esq., and John Powell, Esq. BRECONSHIRE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. The autumn show was to be held yesterday. In order to meet the fast increasing importance of this meeting, the society have removed the exhibition of stock from Wheat Street, to a spacious field conveniently situated adjacent to Usk Bridge. From the number and value of the prizes offered, a very superior show of stock was expected. BUECONSHIRE TURNPIKE TRUST.—A vote of thanks has been passed to John Powell, Esq., of Watton Mount, Brecon, (late of the firm of Messrs Jones and Powell,) and one of the late solicitors to this trust, for his active and zealous services. BRECON BOROUGH REGISTRATION.—R. C. Nicholl and W. M. James, Esqrs., held a court at the Town Hall, Brecon, oil Thursday week, for the revision of the list of voters in the borough. G. R. Bevan, Esq., appeared on behalf of the member for the borough, and R. T. Watkins, Esq grituitously offered his ser- vices in support of the radical claimants. There were 12 claims; and 12 objections. Three objected names (1 Conservative and 2 Liber- als) were expunged from tbe lists. All theclaims were admitted but nearly the whole were previously on the overseers lists, the notices being occasioned chiefly by change of residence, &c. Total number registered- Freemen 7 St. John's 93 8t. Mary's 21)0 St. David's 49 Christ's College 5 Trecastle. 11 365 Registered it, 1838 340 Increase. 26 BRECON BURGESS LISTS. Ihe following are the numbers returned by the overseers of the different parishes within the Borough, for the present year:- St. Jobu's 151 St. Mary's 213 St. David's 107 471 A CLERICAL MEETING was held at Llandovery, on Tuesday and Wednesday last, at which several eminent clergymen preached in Welsh and English Amongst them the Rev. E. Jenkins, of Dowlais. THB REGISTFtATIor;The Revising Barristers op- pointed for Carmarthenshire, Messrs. Hill and Leach, commenced their labours on Monday week,at Llanclly. In the County, the Conservatives have been most successful We have not heard the result in the Boroughs! The Barristers will commence their la- bours at St. Clears on Monday next. THE I-IAIIVICST.-The weather during the past week has been most unfavourable for the Harvest. It has rained every day this week during a portion of the day. We have great fenrs that the farmers of this neigh- hourbood will be injured to an almost ruinous extent should this weather cotitinue.- Carmarthen Journal. SIR JAMES GRAHAM, Bart., M.P., and Lady Gra. IlIIm, have returned to Netherby, their seat ill Cumber- land, frolu a tour iu Scotland,
ANTHRACITE COAL. A paper was read at the last meeting of the British Association at Birmingham, On the application of Anthracite Coal to the Blast Furnace, Steam-engine boiler, and Smith's fire, at the Gweudraeth Ironworks, near Carmarthen,' by Mr Player.—The inconvenience of the fire choking for a long time baffled the experiments made on the subject, but it was at last obviated by heating the coal before it reaches the tire, which was accomplished by supply- ing it, without any mixture of coke or bituminous coal, through a perpendicular chamber placed cen- trally on the top of the boiler with an opening about 20 inches in djameter immediately over the fire-place. In passing through this chamber, by its contact with the plates, the coal acquires considerable heat, and descending by its own gravity, as the fire consumes beneath, replaces what has been burnt, by which means a regular supply of fuel is furnished, fit for immediate and complete ignition. Another inconvenience is also thus avoided, as fresh coal thrown upon the fire ab- stracts a quantity of heat from the fuel already in icr- nition, and checks the generation of steam. The fire is never meddled with; there arc no fire drawers; there is no current of cold air passing through tliofliics and a very stuall amount only of draught is required. One engine worked 72 hours consecutively, during which time the grate neither choked nor clinkered; nor was a bar used for the fire, or did there remain any considerable result in ashes. The coal was, in this instance, entirely anthracite, (small, but not pow- dery,) and tipped into the feeding chamber once every four hours. Water was also kept in the ash pit, the steam from which, being decomposed by passing through the fire, the gas forms a jet of flame, creating another active source of power. On these works, there are in action upon this principle, five smith's fires, the tool-tuakeils fire being blown by a 30 inch bellows only, whilst with this tho largest squaring edges for the masons are made with ease. The coal is supplied through an upright brick flue, about 3 feet 6 inches high, 2 feet 6 inches long, and 9 inches wide. The foundry has a similar arrangement, with merely the addition of a flue to take off the flame, the blast being cold, and worked by a small water-wheel, and by which iron is re-melted, running very fluid, and yielding an excellent quality. An oven has also been built for the use of the workmen, heated only with small culm, which succeeds admirably."
FAIRS FOR OCTOBER. Glamorganskire.-Aubrey Arms, near Cowbridge, Monday 14; Caerphilly, Wednesday 9; Lantrisscnt, Tuesday 29; Llanridian, Monday1 Loughor Castle, Thursday 10 and Friday 11; Newbridge, Monday 14; Swansea, Tuesday 8; Wain, Monday 21. Monmouthsliire.-Cliepstow, Tuesday 29; Ponty- pool, Thursday 10; Stow, Tuesday 15; Usk, Tues- day 29. Breconshire.-Builtli, Wednesday 2; Devynnock, Monday 7; Hay, Thursday 10; Llangynyd, Monday 7; Trecastle, Thursday 10. Radnorshire.-Kni,-hton, Wednesday 2; Thursday 31; New Bridge, Great Fair, Thursday 17; New Radnor, Friday25; Presteign, Monday 14; Penybont, Saturday 26; Rhayadr, Monday 14. Cardigansliire. Cappel Cynnog, Thursday 24; Lampeter, Saturday 19; Llanarth, Monday 28; Lled- roed, Monday 7; Lluast Newydd, Tuesday 8; New Key, Friday 4; Rhos, Monday 14; Tregaron, Tues- day S. Carmarthenshire. -— Abergwilly) Wednesday 2; Brechfa, Thursday 3 and Monday 27; Carmarthen, Wednesday 9; Cayo, Monday 7; Kidwelly, Tuesday 29; Llandovery, Thursday 10; Llanvihangel Yeroth, Thursday 10: Llangadock, Thursday 24; Llangyn- uycb, Wednesday 23; Llansadwrn, Saturday 5; Llan- ychan, Saturday 12; Llansawel, Wednesday 23; Llanthoysant, Thursday 10; Mothvev, Friday 18; New Castle in Rhos, Friday 11 St. Clears, Thurs- day 10. Pembrokeshire. Fishguard, Tuesday 8; Haver- fordwest, Friday 18; Llawhaden, Tuesday 29; Maen- clochog, Monday 29; Mathry, Thursday 10; Nar- berth, Saturday 26; Newport, Wednesday 16; Pem- broke, Thursday 10; Tenby, Wednesday 2. FAIRS to be held on Monday next,September 30:- r,lamorganshire.- Capel-y-Creinant,and Cowbridge. Carntai-thenshire.-I,Iaiiel ly. Pentbrokeshire.-Pretider,ast. ""#
LONDON MARKETS. CORN EXCHANGE, MONDAY, SEPT. 23 The arri- val of wheat this morning from Essex and Kent, was tolerably large. The accounts from Ireland and the North being very unfavourable, from the continuance of the wet weather, the wheat trade was brisk early in the day,at 5s. advance from this day week. Barley is 2s. per quarter higher; Oats Is., and Beans, with Peas of both kinds from Is. to 2s. Flour is firm at 65s. per sack. White Mustard Seed is Is. per bushel dearer, other seeds without any material alteration. WOOL.-We cannot note any alteration in the English Wool market. Clothing Wools sell com- paratively well, and so do Wether Skins, but for other descriptions there is little demand. Hops,-The market begins now to be tolerabiv freely supplied with new Hops, notwithstanding that the severe rainy weather has in every way retarded the process of picking. Of about 4,000 pockets which have arrived, probably two-thirds to three- fourths have sold at from 50s. to 65s. and 70 for Sussex and ordinary Kent, and at 75s. to 84s. for a few of the superior class of Mid Kent pockets; the remainder being rough distempered, and in some instances mouldy are, and will probably continue quite unsaleable. -1" KINGTON Cuuitcu.-Tlie inhabitants of this spirited little town have come to the determination of having ao organ instead of the seraphine recently purchased Several influential individuals have voluntarily como forward with sums of ,^20 each. VISCOUNT CLIVE, eldest son of Earl Powis, will come of age on the 5th of November next, when the event will be kept by the most magnificent festivities Parlshes adjoining to the family mansion. The inhabitants of Welch .Pool are full of joyful ex- pectancy in the forthcoming and much talked of event. At a meeting convened by the Mayor, a requisition was numerously and respectably signed, to consider in what manner the event could be most suitably cele- brated, so as to afford to all classes the opportunity of publicly marking the high esteem in which the noble J J °f Powis 80 pre-eminently is held. It is in- tended to build an additional church, the first stone of which is to be laid on the 5th of November. A beau- tiful site has already been determined upon, and ru- mour says—a rumour, by the bve, which seems to ac- quire strength as it goes on—that Major Pugh, with that kindness which has invariably characterised him, intends to present a peal of bells to adorn the tower. SHORT HORNED CATTLE.—At the sale at Castle Howard 49 cows and 24 bullocks realized the immense sum of 4,498 guineas; and two cows, belonging to Mr Ed wards, sold at the same time, one produced 320 guineas, and the other £ 300.—Durham ddvertizer. GLOUCESTER AND BERKELEY CANAL COMPANY.— At a general meeting held at Cheltenham, on Wed- nesday week, another letter from the Exchequer Loan Commissioners was read it stated, that if the money borrowed of Government for the completion of the canal were not paid before June next, the property would be publicly sold by the commissioners in liquidation of the debt. Sir Matthew Wood, Bart., was in the chair, when, after many speeches, it was resolved to create 1636 preference shares of £100 each, for the purpose of paying off the £ 163,000 bor- rowed of Goverttinent.-Cholicnham Gazette. DOMESTIC HAPPINESS OF THE POOR.-Music, indeed Give me a mother singing to her fat rosy baby, and making the house ring with her extrava- gant hyperbolical encomiums on it. That is the music which is the "food of love; and not the formal pedantic noises, an affectation of skill in which is now-a-days the ruin of half the young couples in the middle ranks of life. Let any man observe, as I so frequently have, with delight, the excessive fondness of the labouring people for their children. Let him observe with what pride they dress them out on a Sunday, with means deducted from their own scanty meals. Let him observe the husband, who has toiled all the week like a horse nursing the baby, while the wife is preparing the bit of dinner. Let him observe them both abstain- ing from a sufficiency, lest the children should feel the pinchings of hunger. Let him observe in short, the whole of their demeanour, the real mu. tual affection, evinced, not in words, but in unp vocal deeds. Let him observe these tbinea. having oast a look at the lives of the ?w»|4 J wealthy, he will say, with me, that when a man- choosing his partner for life the dread of ought to be cast to the winds. A labourer'* ?°r.8rt^ on a Sunday, tbe husband or wife having a h°k arms, looking at two or three older ono« 1 • 10 between the flower borders goin? fmm .u P to the door, is, according to my taste tho W,c^et terestingobject that eyes ever beheld\ „ J"?0?' in* object to be beheld in no country UDOH JV8 AN England.—Cobbett, P n earth bu' 'n CAUTION TO INNKEEPERS, AND PR™„ INNS. —At the Brewster Sessions for the d?™RS °Ff Skyrack, the Rev. J. A. Rhodes, chairs?'Vls,on of plaint was made against John Smith of wu Horse Inn, in Bingley, for having bought game of poachers, and after a severe reprimand from the bencli, and a promise from him not to be guilty of- the same olience again, his license was renewed, but with a posi- tive assurance that if either he or any other innkeeper was again proved to have bought game of any other person than those legally authorized to sell the same, his license W (tiald be VW I Paeer.
ADDITIONAL INTELLIGENCE OPENING OF THE BUTE SHIP CANAL. This imposing ceremony,-for imposing it certainly will be,—is fixed for next Wednesday week, the 9th of October. A meeting of the committee was held on Wednesday last at the Town Hall; and we are en- abled to state that no exertion will be spared by the gentlemen who compose it, to tender the festivities of the day worthy of the important event to be celebrated. The morning will be ushered in by a merry peal,— and those who are not ready to sally forth at the first sounding of bass, tenor, and treble, may make them- selves sure that the first ship will ride into port with- out their eyes being gratified by the sight. The tide serves at about half-past seven in the morning and and at half-past eight, at the latest, a grand salute of cannon will have told to the listening ears of thou- sands that the vessel has entered the outer basin. Time and tide wait for no man,—not even at Cardiff; consequently those who wish to see or to take part in the procession, must be in the Castle grounds by seven o'clock. Bands of music will enliven the march from the Castle to the docks -])an iiers will stream gaily; -the noble projector of this gigantic undertaking, to- gether with his Lordship's numerous and distinguished guests, will be escorted by the Mayor and Corporation of the town ;—nothing in short will be omitted to do honour to the noble promoter of the prosperity of the town and trade of Cardiff and its port. The ceremony of the opening of the Docks being over, the morning will be devoted to aquatic sports; for which various prizes will be offered. We believe the list of these is not complete; but we are enabled to state that the following will form a portion of them:—an authorized list will appear in a day or two:- No. I.—A Sailing Match between the Pilot Yauls of the Port of Cardiff. Not less than four to start. X. s. First boat, a prize of 4 4 Second do. do 2 2 No. tl.—A Rowing Match between Ships' Boats. Four oars. Not less than five to start. X. s. First Boat, a prize of 3 3 Second do. do. 2 2 Third do. do. 1 1 No. 3.—A Prize for Wherries. Not less than three to start. s. First boat I I Second do 0 10 No. 4.-Boats to be Sculled. Not less than five to start. £ B. First boat. 1 Second do 0 Third do • 0 7 No.4. A Match between Four Oar Wherries. Not less than three to start. s. First boat 6 6 Second do. 3 3 Amongst the guests at the grand dinner, to be given in the evening, at the Cardiff Arms, will be the Marquess of Bute, Lord James Stuart, and, we be- lieve, the American Consul resident at Bristol, (Thos. Dennison, Esq.,) the French and the Dutch Consuls, &c., &c., &c. The Chair we expect will be taken by the worthy Mayor of Cardiff, who is sparing no ex- ertion to enhance the festivities and honours of the day. Mr Reece, we anticipate, will be one of the V tee-Presidents ;-certainly no one more fit; as he is one of the dinner committee, (Captain Smyth and Mr W. Bird being his coadjutors,) who have deter- mined that the tables shall be arranged after the same excellent manner, devised by that gentleman on a for- mer occasion. From the preparations which are making we are more than confident that the dinner, wines, and dessert, will be supplied by the new land- lord and landlady of the Cardiff Arms, in such a way all fully to support the high character which that hotel gained, under their excellent predecessor. A ball will be given at the Angel, and a grand display of fireworks will be provided for the amusement of the evening promenaders, under the superintendence of Whitlock Nicholl, Esq., whose name was added on Thursday last to the Committee. Of the magnificent canal itself, all we shall say on the present occasion is, that extraordinary exertions have been made towards putting the finishing stroke to it; and that on Thursday morning last, at eight o'clock, there were 30 feet of water over the sill of the outer dock. The Marchioness of Bute Schooner has been laying off Cardiff during the past week and a great number of persons have gone to view this most superior speci- men of naval architecture' She will not be the first to enter the port as was originally intended as she will have proceeded on her first trip to sea before the 9th arrives.
BIRTHS. On Wednesday, the 18th inst., in Crockberbtown Cardiff, the lady of R. P-Charleton, Esq., of a son still born. On the 15th, the lady of Benjamin Evans, Esq ggo- licitor, Newcastle Emlyn, of a son. On the 17th, in London, the wife of Mr. Evan Gamon, of Bishopstone, in this county, of a son. On the 18th, Mrs. Richards, wife of Mr. Benjamin Richards, Shiral, near Near Newcastle-Emlyn, of a son. MARRIAGES. On Thursday last, at Merthyr church, bv the Rev. Thos. Williams, Curate, Mr B. Williams, late of Highbury College, to Martha, daughter of the late John Whitter, Esq., Pembroke. On the 19th, at St. Johns, Cardiff, Mr. Thomas Anthony, to Mary, second daughter of the late Thos. Vaughan, Esq. surgeon, of that town. On the 16th, at St. Mary's Church, Monmouth, Mr. G. Dawkins, coach-maker, Abergavenny, to Ann, daughter of Mr. Jackson, builder, Monmouth. On the 17th, at Magor, in Monmouthshire, by the Rev. Edward Freke Lewis. M. A., Rector of Port- skewit, Richard Baker, Esq. of Lanvihangel Court, to Anne, eldest daughter of Mr, Hodges, of the Lower Grange, Magor. On the 14th, at Tidenham, by the Rev, W. Pullen, Mr. S. Rowley, jun., to Jane, youngest daughter of Mr. Miles, both of Monmouth. H °,n Mary 1 ebone church, London, Daniel Higford Darall Burr, Esq. M.p.,0f Gayton, Hereford- Cant' PH nrI% \rg,ir«tax0aly '^ughter of the late On the 19th, at Llangadoclr. church, by the Rev. I Vicar, T. r, ord Sevier, Esq. of Bristol. f on,y surviving daughter of Mr. Wm. Quick, of the same place. On the 12th, at Meldon, by the Rev. Edward 00 son, M. A. Sydney Streatfield, Major of the 52d regiment, second son of the late Richard Streatfield, 1 r> 6 l C ii5U88ex' t° Sarah Jane, third daughter of • Lookson, Esq. of Meldon Park, Northumberland. ,5^° the 17th, at St. Mary's Church, Cardigan, by the Rev. Griffith Thomas, John Parry, of Aberys- twith, Esq., to Mrs Davies, of the Castle Green, Car. digan. On the 17th instant, at Tenby, by the Rev. Dr. Humphreys, L.L.D., William Lock, Esq., Solicitor, and Town Clerk, to Jane Price, only child of the late John Griffith, Esq., both of the above place. On the 17th, at Castlemartin Church, Mr Nicholas Bowling, of Bulliver, to Mary Anne, daughter of Mr Samuel Dawkins, of Bearspool. CIVIL UNIONS. n(?n .J7*]1' Superintendent Registrar's NeatJf ,n the presence of Mr Evan Thomas, ^uT £ ? vv Davi.d D*^S. of Fforchegel, LI an I Ystrad'gunlais.188 Ehzabeth Williams, of Penyrheol, berv" at same place, Mr Joseph May- M,SK?Spel'r"of NttkbbeJ' W°rk" ,0 M™ bv^onp^nf^V^ at the Baptist Chapel, Aberdare, Howplla rJ 6 or kaw Registrars, Mr William Rees William^r" r° Martka' third daughter of Mr liams, Cefnpennar, both of Aberdare. DEATHS. at Swansea, aged 29, Sarah, eldest g e of the late Mr John Williams, of the Ex- friends mucb regretted by her relatives and °?Jhe ri6th' at Cardiff, Robert Tredgold, Esq., Tp, ,He Wa« brother of Henry Tredgold, Esq., or Chilsbolton, near Andover, Hants. n- u j 16th, in London, aged 31, Mr Thomas Richards, brother of Mr John Richards, Church Street, Monmouth. On the 16th, at Cardigan, after a lingering illness, Benjamin Makeig, youngest son of the late Thomas Makeir, Esq., of Parkyprat, Pembrokeshire. On the 9th, at New Radnor, in his 77th year, the Rev Richard Williams, vicar of Kidwelly, and in- cumbent miuister of Kiffig and Marros.in the county on acrnu^t nT'v,- TaL8»1^ respected and beloved and conciliating'der^1anour^and>S't*°ni'i RXF T 1 ucincail0Ur, and was heretofore vicar whirh h«.nefi1^ei,*nuni;jme'an' 'n the county of Radnor, f it Hd for 37 y^rs, until 1831, when wilS^^Tof hif8 t the w~h ■ Me. t f T 0W]°' and kiffig and Marros, in that ol the vicar ol Laugharne. On the 19th inst., aged 14, William, son of Mr Wm. Morgan, Cambrian Ino, near Beaufort 1*011 Works, Breconshire,