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TO LAND SURVBTTORs. A SURVEYOR of considerable practice in exten- sive Surveys will Contract for one or more Parish Surveys by the Acre a portion of which to be paid as the Survey progresses, and the remaindt r as maybe. agreed on. Letters addressed (post paid) to A. B., Chepstow, Monmouthshire. DOWLAIS. MR THOMAS DAVIES mill :Sell bp aurtion, On MONDAY, 23d SEPTEMBER, 1839, and following Days, ALL THE STOCK IN TRADE, of Mr WM. M LRF.DiTH. Shopkeeper and General Grocer, oppo. site the Vulcan Inn, Dowlais consisting of Teas, Coffees, Tobacco. Butter, Cheese, Peas, Rice, llaUius, Klue, Starch, Soap. Malt, Draperv, Paper, brushes, Mops, Twine, Shovels, Sieves, Umbrellas, Bellows, Hats, Tin Canisters, Leather Aprons, Scales and Weights, Fixtures, &c. &c. And the HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE. The whole to be sold without the least reserve. Sale to commence at I I o'Clock. MONMOUTHSHIRE. Ita be Jboltr fjp -Auction, By Messrs- PHILLIPS & SON, At the GREYHOUND HOTEL, ABERGWENNY on TUESDAY, the Eighth Day of OCTOBKR, 1839, at Two o'Clock in the Afternoon, subject to the con- ditions then to be produced, unless previously disposed of by Private Contract. rpHE LOWER PENTRE ESTATE, in tbe Parish of Llanwenarth, One Mile from Aber- gavenny, on the Brecon Road; consisting of a very desirable Family Residence, with Twent Six Acres and a half of Orcharding, Meadow, and Pasture Lands. For particnlars, and to treat for Sale, apply to Messrs Gabb and Secretin, Solicitors, Abergavenny. Letters of application to be post paid. TOWN OF CARDIFF. go lie orn bp auctton, BY M. MARKS, Vt the WAREHOUSE of Mr W. THOMAS, on the WHARF, on WEDNESDAY, the 25th SEPTEM- BER, 1839, ABOUT SIXTY BARRELS of Hamburg Kiln /Tk Dryed FLOUR 4 Pockets of Worcester Hops, 1 Pocket of Kent Hops, and 1 Pocket of Sussex Hops.' A Lot of Ciieese,-a quantity of New and Old Sacks. Lot of Old Rope, Spars, and sundry other articles. Sale to commence at 10 O'C ock in the Forenoon, and the whole will be put up in Small Lots for the con- venience of Purchasers. I. On the 1st of August was Published, in royal 8vo., price 8s. Illustrated with several fac similes of Ancient Welsh and Icelandic MSS THE MABINOGION. NO. 2. Containing— PENEDUR, THE SON OF T.VRAWC; a omancc of Chivalry, with an English Translation and notes, BY LADY CHARLOTTE GeEST. THE ALTAR SERVICE; forthe use of country congii ''Hti')i]S 1 with short prayers, adapted for the communion of tile sick. y the Kev. S. Isaacson, \.M. 32ino. Beautifully bound in embossed cloth, gilt edges, with engraved Title and Frontispiece, Is. 6d. 0 The same, larger type, 18mo. Is. 6d. ELECT PRAYERS, for all sorts and conditions S of men: with devotional exercises, for the friends of the sick and calculated to assist young ministers in their official visitation. By the Rev. S. Isaacson, AM 32ino Beautifully bound in embossed cloth, with en- graved Title, and Portrait of the Archbishop of Canter- bury. Is. 6d. The same, larger type, 18mo. Is. 6d. BIBLE BIOGRAPHY; Histories of the Lives and Conduct of the Principal Characters of the Old and New Testament. By E. Farr, Author of a New Version of the Book of Psalms 4s. 6d. EASY LESSONS ON MONEY MATTERS for the Use of Young People. Is. rrHF, ANGLO-SAXON CHURCH its History, i Revenues, and General Character. By the Hev. Henry Soames, M. A., Author of the Elizabethan Reli- gious History. A New Edition. 10s. 6d. J. E. Dibb, Guardian Office, High Street, Merthyr. EISTEDDFOD GADEIRIOL Y GORDOFIGION, I'w chynnal yn XJerpwll, Mehefin. 1840. Ie HATEFUL IS THE !\IAN WHO LOVES NOT "CAS GWR NI CHARO Y WLAD A I )tACO. His NATIVE COUNTRY." Tri pheth a ddylai Bardd eu cynnal :— "Three things which a Bard ought to Yr laith Gymraeg, y brif Farddon- 1 maintain The Welsh Language, iaeth, a chof am bob daionus a primitive Bardism. and the memorial rhagor. of every thing good and excellent." THE GOBOOVIGZON GRAND EISTEDDFOD, To be held in Liverpool, in June, 1840. PRESIDENT-THE HON. E. MOSTYN LLOYD MOSTYN. AT A SPECIAL GENERAL MEETING of the LIVERPOOL CYMREIGYDDION SOCIETY, held at the BRUNSWICK HOTEL, JUNE 10th, 1839, MR HUGHES, PRESIDENT, IN THE CHAIR; RESOLVFD, That this Society, deeply sensible of the importance of fostering native genius, and cultivating Welsh Literature, as a means of improving and elevating the moral and intellectual character of their fellow-countrymen in this town and neighbourhood, deem it highly desirable that an Eisteddfod, or Congress of Bards and Friends of Welsh Literature, be held in Liverpool, on the 17th, 18th, and 19th of June, 1840. That the most cordial Thanks of this Meeting be presented to the Hon. EDWARD MOSTYN LLOYD MOSTYN. for his kindness and noble patriotism in consenting to act as President on the occasion. That an appeal be made by the Society to the patriotic feelings of the Natives, and generosity of the Friends of the Principality, for Subscriptions in aid of the above Eisteddfod, and that the Secretary be requested to solicit their Subscriptions by Circulars. That the respective Subscribers to the Eisteddfod be assured that the several Essavs, Treatises, Odes, Poems, &c. for which the Prizes may be awarded, together with an Account of the Eisteddfod, will be published by the Society immediatdy after the Grand Meeting takes place. That the Surplus Money, after paying the necessary Expences of the Eisteddfod, be strictly applied to Cambrian Literary purposes, viz. :—the publishine of the choice Works sent to the Eisteddfod-and in aiding the Society for the Publication of Ancient Welsh Manuscripts, &c. That the Patrons of this Society be respectfully solicited, by Circulars from the Secretary, to make exertions in the Cause of the Society, viz :— THE WORSHIPFUL THE MAYOR OF LIVERPOOL. THE RIGHT HONORABLE LORD DTNORBEN. SIR RICHD. BULKELEY WILLIAMS BULKEtEV, BART, SIR WATKIN WILLIAM WYNN, BART., M.P. SIR CHARLES MORGAN, BART., TREDEGAR. SIR J. J. GUEST, BART.. M P. MONS, LE COMTE DE LA VILLE MARQUE, BRITTANY. SIR BENJAMIN HALL, BART. MP- MONS. RIO, OF LLANARTH COURT, MONMOUTHSHIRE SIR EDWARD MOSTYN, BART., M.P., Talacre AND BRITTANY, FRANCE. That the same request be respectfully made to the Vice Patrons of the Society, viz.:— Sir HRNRY BROWNE, Knight, Bronwvlvn, St, Asaph. J Wm. WILLIAMS, Esq., Aberpergwm, Glamorganshire. JOHN HEATON, Esq., Plas Heaton, Denbigh. GEORGE GRIFFITH, Esq., Garn, Mayor of Denbigh. And to the Corresponding Members of the Society, who are also Members of the Committee, viz. Davies, Rev. Walter, M. V, Llanrhaiadr yn Mochnant Evans. IWr. John, (Ieitan ab Gruffydd.) Secretary of the Evans, Rev. D., B.D ( Daniel ndu.) Maesmynach Abergavennv Cymrei^yddion Society T^varis. Urv. J l.lanover Vicarage, Abergavenny Johnes. Arthur jimos, Esq", tiarthmyl, Montgomeryshire .Hughes, Rev. Joseph, ( Cam Tngli,) Meltham Jones, Williano, Esq., Solicitor, Abchurch Lane, London Jones, Rev. J., M.A., ( Tegid,) Christ Church, Oxford Jones, Mr. Wm. Ellis, (Cawrdaj,) Cowbridge Parry, Rev Henry, M. Llanasa, Flintshire Jones, Mr. D., At orney, Stockport ° l'rice, liev. Thomas, (Camhuanawe,) Crickho" el Owen, Aneurin, Esq., Egryn, near Denbigh Probert, Rev. Wm. Walmsley Chapel, near Boiton Owen, Mr. William, Rgrvn Richards, Rev. Richard, Caerwvs Owen,Mr. Humphrey, Rhvddgar, Llangeinwen, Anglesey Rees, Rev. William, (Gwtlym Hiraethog,) Denbigh Parry, John, Rq, (Bardd Alaw,) London ° Williams, Rev. Wm., (Cwilyrn Caledfryn,) Carnarvon Parry, Mr. Edward Chester Bland, Mr Robert, Denbigh Roberts, Mr. Humphrey, Pwllheli. Caernarvon.hire Edwards, Thomas, Esq., (Caervalltcch,) London Williams, Mr. Taliesin, (Ab Iolo,) Merthyr Tydvil That the Names of the Officers and Committee of the Society be inserted in the Report, (with power to add to their number,) five of whom to form a quortim Officers. Thomas Hughes, Upper Parliament Street. President Evan Parry Jonps, Pitt Street, Treasurer John Jones, Merchant, Senior Vice-president The Rev. Evan Evans, (Ieuan (Han Geirionydd,) Bard Robert Evans Jones, Devon Street, Vice-president Richard Roberts, Caernarvon, Harper John Jones, Joiner and Builder, Vice-president Robert Lloyd Morris, ( llhuvoniawc,) Secretary Committee. Davies, David, Lord Street, Woodside, Cheshire I Poole and Jones, Ship Brokers, South Castle Street Hughes John, M.D., Su Anne Street *°i?ert- Wine Merchant, Rumford Street James, The Rev. P., (Dewi o Ddyfed,) Kirkdale Pritchard, John, Book-keeper Meyers, John Frederick, Lower Parliament Street Richards, John, (Iocyn Ddu ) Morris, William, Accountant, Wooaside Roberts, Richard, Duke Street Owen, Thomas, Fox Street Williams, Levi, Sir Thomas's Buildings That the following Gentlemen be added to the Committee, viz. Brown, Owen, Paper Dealer Hughes, Richard, Grey Street, Toxteth Park Davies, Richard. Woodside Jones, William, Joiner and Builder, Upper Duke Street Davips, David, Town Hall Roberts, Joseph, Argyle Street Davies, David, Woollen Draper, Prices Street Williams, Richard, Old Welsh Harp, Virginia Street Fotilkcs, William, St. John's Church Williams, Thomas, Liscard, Cbeshire That the following Medals, Premiums, and Prizes be awarded at the Eisteddfod, for the respective Prize Compo- sitions and Performances on the Subjects proposed for Competition, viz. 1. For the best Ode (in Welsh) on '• Job's Afflictions, newydd oreu, yn ol y dull o ganu yn y Dywysogaeth) Patience, and Restoration, (Awdl ar Gystuddiau, A Medal, value £ 3, and a Premium of £ 2. Amynedd, ac Adferiad Job.—The Chair Medal, value 14. To the best Performer on the Triple Harp, (I'r £ 5, with a Premium of X2].-For the second best on Telynor goreu ar y Delyn Deir-rhes,) a new Triple the same subject, a Medal, vallie £1. Harp, value f20. 2. For the best" History (in Welsli) of the Welsh 15. To the best Female Performer on the Triple Harp, Princes." (Hanes y Tywysogion Cymreig.)—A Medal, (I'r Delynores oreu ar y Delyn Deir-rhes.) the MOSTYN value £ 5. given bv the Senior VICE PRESIDENT, and a GOLD HARP. Premium of £ 30. given by the CYMREIGYDDION 16- To the best Performer on the Triple Harp from SOCIETY. among the general competitors, (I'r Telynor neu y Delyn- 3. Kor the best Ode (in Welsh) on "The disasrtous ores ores ar y Delyn Deir-rhes o fysg yr holl ym^eis- Hurricane with which Liverpool kand other parts of the ddion) a silver Harp, value £ 5. [\o one will be'pre- United Kingdom were visited on the 6th and 7th of vented from competing for this Prize. butthe gainerof the January, 1839, (Awdi ar y Dymhestl ddinystriol a vmwel- Triple and the Mostyn Gold Harp.] odd a Llerpwll a manau ereill o'r Deyrnas, ar y Red a'r ]7 the jjest Singer with the Harp, after the 7fed o lonawr, 1839.)—A Medal, value £ 3. and a manner of North Wales (I'r Datgeiniad goreu gyda'r Premium of X5. For the second best on the same Delyu yn ol trefn Gwynedd.)—A Medal, value £ 3. and subject, a Medal, value £ 3. a Premium of £ 2.—To the second best Singer, a Medal, 4. For the bast <• Historical Acconnt (in Welsh) of value £ 2. IRhaid i'r Datgeiniaid fod o°nodweddiad the Welsh Institutions, and the progress of the Welsh parchus, a'n cantiau yn foesawl os amgen, attelir hwy Language, in Liverpool, and its vicinity." (Hanes y yn y fan ] Sefydliadau Cymreig a chynnyddol y^mad yr Iaith By THE REV- EVAN EVAFJS CHRISTLETON. Gymraeg, yn Llerpwll ai chymmydogaeth.)—A Medal, value £ 3, and a Premium of £ 7.—For the second best '8- For the best Welsh Poetical Composition on on the same subject a Medal, value £ 2. "Youthful Reminiscenses." (Am y Brydestawd oreu 5 For the best Biograpbicil Account (in Welsh, or ar I1nrhyw fesur a ddewl!!o Y C} fanooddyd.d, ar Htraeth English) of the late Rev. Goronwy Owen, the most ar,01 Mab°'aeth, neu Adgofiant Ieuenctid.)-\ Medal, eminent Welsh Bard of his time, (Hanes bywyd y vaiue f3' and a Premium of £ 2. [Na fydded yn diweddar Barch. Goronwy Owen, y Bardd Cymreig ddiodl.j-. enwocaf yn ti oes.) A Medal value £ 3, and a Premium FRIENDS OF THE DECEASED. of £ 5. Obs. His Life in America must be included. 19. For the best Ode (in Welsh) to the Memory of 6. For the best History (in Welsh or English) of the the late Mr. John Owen, Liverpool, an eminent Welsh Welsh Lvdians in America," (Hanes yr lndiaid Cvmreig Bard," (Am yr Awdl oreu 0 Goffadwriaeth am y yn America.)—A Medal, value f3, and a Premium diweddar hyglod Faidd loan Powys) — A Medal, of £ 5. I value X3 7. For the best Welsh and English Essay on the BY W. WILLIAMS, ESQ. A BERPERGWM. Character of the Welsh, as a nation, in the present 20. For the best English "History of Iestyn ab age," (Nodweddiaid y Cvmry, fel ceiiedi, yti yr oes hoii.) Gwrgant, Prince of Morganwg," (Hanes lestvn ab —A Medal, value f5.-For the second best on the same 1 Gwrgant, Tywysotr Moreaiiw.)—A Premium of X5. subject, a Medal, value £ 2. °,dcfai I 8. For the best Welsh Poetical Composition on The BY MRS* T- B* Resources of Liverpool, aud its claims to the name of 21. For the best English E?say'v, ij,'lewmg Modern Tyre," (Am y Bryddestawd oreu, ar unrhyw necessity ana propiiety of appointing Welshmen to the fesur a ddewiso y Cyfansoddydd, «« Ar Dref a Phorth- Bishoprics in Wales," (Tr-iethawd l ddangos yr ladd Llerpwll, a'i hawl o barth cyfoeth a Marsiandiaerh Angenrheidrwydd a'r priodoldeb o bennodi Cymry I r igael ei galw—Tyrus Newydd.")—A Medal, value £ 3, Esgobaethau Cymieig.)—A Premium ot ±o, or a Medal and a Premium ot £ 2. Sylwer.— Na fydded yn ddiodl! °f tbe same value. 9. For the best English Poetical Composition on the by JOHN HUGHES, ESQ., M.D. same suhject. A Gold Medal, value £ 5. sh :n» that there 10. For the best Poem (in Welsh) on the Battle of f'Sh a?uP native Clergy of the Bosworth Field," (Am y Cywydd goreu ar Frwyder Maes a"(1 10 t,heR^ch (Traethawd Bosworth.)—A Medal, value £ 3, and a Premium of t2. off 'I nv Jvs'Vaeth ddigonol —For the second best on the same subject, a Medal) y" danS0S fod >'n Offeiriaid y 3"° » gymmwysder, o barth Dysg a Duwioiueo, l ien*i y 11. For the best Stanza (in Welsh) to the "Goat," Vydd Ksg°^wl-)—A Premium of £ 5, or a Medal of (" Am yr Englyn goreu .'r AfV)-\ Medal, value £ 3. the same value" 12. For the best Set of Variations to the Air called BY THE REV. D. JAMES, KIRKDALE. "Mock Nightingale," (\m yr Amrywiadau goreu i'r 23. For the best Essay (in Welsh) on Civil and Don a elwir'■ Dynwared yr Eos.)—A Medal, value £ 5, religious discord the ruin of the Welsh Nation." and a Premium of J3. ( Traethawd ar EEfeithiau dirywiol Amrafaeliau gwla ol 13. For the best original Welsh Air, adapted to the a chrefyddol ar Genedl y Cymry.—A Medal, value at y Ie of Singing in the Principality (Amy Don Gymraeg £ 3, 3s. That if sufficient merit do not appear in the Compositions sent in for adjudication, the Committee be empowered to withhold the Medals and Premiums. That the Authors of the several Compositions, both Pros? and Poetical, send prefixed to them. Arguments, or Analysis of their Contents, to facilitate the decision on their resoective merits. That all the Compositions be considered the Property of the Society for 7 years from the time of the Eisteddfod. That if any Society or Individual should be disposed to offer any additional Premiums, or any increase upon those already offered, it is respectfully requested that they communicate such intentions to the Secretary. That the Compositions be forwarded free of expense under fictitious signatures, (the real names of the respective authors sealed up) on or before the 1st of May, 1810, addressed to the Secretary. THOMAS HUGHES. Moved by Mr Foulkes, and seconded by Mr R. E. Jones, That the thanks of this Meeting be given to the President for his conduct in the Chair. ROBERT LLOYD MORRIS, Secretary of the Gordovigion Grand Eisteddfod, 70, Tithebarn Street, Liverpool.
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. .
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. FRANCE. The French people are, it seems, completely tired of playing at soldiers. The National Guards are everywhere refusing to perform their duty, and the government has resumed their firelocks; thus vir- tually disbanding them! SPAIN. We infer from the last telegraphic dispatch from Bayonue, dated September 14, that the Spanish war may now be considered at an end. Don Carlos has retreated to the French frontier. The battalions of Navarre and Alave have made their submission. The only questions of the slightest interest, therefore, that now remain to be discussed are, 1. What will Louis Philippe do with him, since he professes a determi- nation to prevent him from again disturbing the peace of the Peninsula?" 2. How will the Cbrlstinoti settle their various dissensions among themselves Z5 THE EAST. The affairs of the East remain as complicated as ever. It is now affirmed that the Divan, wrought upon by the menaces of Russia, has refused to allow the combined squadrons to come up to Constan- tinople. SOUTH AUSTRALIA. INLAND SEAS.—Since the establishment of the colony, a navigable inlet has been found to Lake Alexandria, a large inland sea situated within the assigned limits of the province; and it has, more- over, been discovered that the Murray river, the only river of any magnitude which has yet been met with in New Holland, discharges its waters into this lake or inland sea. The prospect of a large extent of inland navigation is thus opened to the colonists; and so important are the advantages anticipated from this discovery, that many of the purchasers of land orders have declined to select sections in the district of Adelaide, choosing rather to wait until some of the lands on the lake and along the river has been sur- veyed.-Monthly Chronicle.
TO CORRESPONDENTS. «
TO CORRESPONDENTS. « The block sent from Birmingham is too large for our columns. A correspondent who signs himself AN ENBMY TO IMPOSITION," enquires how it is that the subscrip- tion price for Master HUGHES'S book should two years ago have been fixed at 10s. 6d., but that now 15s. is demanded of the subscribers. As we our- selves have no knowledge of these facts, we have declined the insertion of the letter.
IMPORTANT CASE OF CHURCH RATES
MERTHYR TYDVIL, AND BRECON, Sep. 21, 1S39. IMPORTANT CASE OF CHURCH RATES In the last vestry meeting at Merthyr, when the Church Rate was refused, there were some, useful remarks made by the Curate, Mr WIL- LIAMS, But there was one point that ought to have occupied a more prominent place by the Church party than it did. It is a common objectioii-Illf the Warden has a legal right to enforce a rate of his own authority, for things necessary, of what use is the vestry ? Is it not a mere piece of use- less trouble to put the vote?" Such is the ob- jection. Now, the answer, the full and satisfactory answer, is this There are many charges which become legally chargeable on the Church Rate if the majority of the vestry assent to the same, which are not legally chargeable if the majority object. Of this kind are alterations in the church, the erection of galleries, &c., payments to organists, beadles, &c., matters of ornament. Here is a very exten- sive ground for opposition and variety of opinion. But all this does not in the least affect such things as are necessary; and the reasonableness and propriety of which are made to appear whe- ther connected with the sustentation of the fabric, or the due provision of things essential for public worship. It is singular that the King's Bench decision in the Braintree case has not yet appeared. There, the pure question seems to be as to the leg¡,\1 power of the Warden to make and levy a rate nolente the vestry. Our own opinion is and always has been that in things necessary, as stated above, they have that power. We are fortified in this view of the case by the following opinion of Dr Haggard;—an opinion which, if it only be judiciously acted upon, the question of the rate would very soon be practical enough, and its levy made available Dr. HAGGARD is an advocate of more than ordinary eminence. He edited with great repu- tation to himself, as well as advantage to the pub- lic,two volumes of Consistory Reports,with Lord Stowell's Judgments; two volumes of Reports of the Court of Admiralty Decisions; and three volumes of Cases in the Ecclesiastical Courts. The circumstances out of which the case we are about to quote, arose, are as follows :-A Vestry Meeting was called at Northampton, on the 15th tilt., in the parish of All Saints, for the purpose of granting a rate for the repairs necessary to be done to the Church. No objection was made to the amount of the rate, but an adjournment was proposed by a Mr Bennett; and he having stated that the rate was illegal, in consequence of the Chairman not putting his amendment, the churchwardens thought it advisable to take the opinion of Counsel on the subject. The opinion of the learned Dr. HAGGARD, on the case which was submitted to him, completely justifies the churchwardens in the course they adopted. The following is the case, and the doctor's opinion CASE. On Thursday, the 15th of August, 1839, a vestry meeting was held in the parish of All Saints, Northampton, to pass the churchwardens' accounts, and make a rate for the repairs of the church. The report was read of a surveyor who had examined the church, and prepared a carefully detailed account of the repairs required, and of the expense, which was estimated at about £430, A rate, therefore, being necessary for this and other minor matters, of 6d. in the pound, it was proposed in the usual way. An amendment was proposed by a Dissent- ing minister, and seconded, to adjourn the meet- ing to that day 12 months. The clergyman of the parish, as chairman, refused to put this amendment, on the ground that a competent surveyor had declared the re- pairs to be at once necessary that no objection was taken against the rate as extravagant, nor one of a smaller amount proposed and that the amendment, if carried, must, of course, prevent the churchwardens in the discharge of their duty, by driving off the whole question to a time when they would have ceased to exercise their office. Overlooking the amendment, therefore, altogether, the chairman put the previous ques- tion, which was carried by a large majority No poll was subsequently demanded. The churchwardens have commenced to col- lect the rate, but some of the Dissenters refuse 10 pay, alleging that the rate is illegal, through the chairman's refusal to put the amendment. Under these circumstances your opinion is requested, 1st. Whether the rate thus carried was legal; "2d. Whether, in the event of proceedings being instituted for that purpose in the Eccle- siastical Court, the churchwardens could enforce the payments." OPINION. ''1 and 2. In my opinion, this rate, under the circumstances stated, is legal. The reasonable- ness and propriety of it seem capable of being fully proved and i do not think that if alone op. posed, on the mere ground for passing over such an amendment, as was moved and seconded, the opposition will avail. Taking this view of the rate, it appears to me that the churchwardens can enforce payment of it in the Ecclesiastical Court; they will be advised to summon a de- faulter before the justices as a preliminary step to a suit. "JOHN HAGGARD, Doctors' commons. "26th August, 1839."
"MARRIAGE is nothing more than a civil con- tract," was the cry of Political Dissenters, nearly five years since. Now, to chronicle these afftirs as "-Civil Unions," and not as Marriages," is, according to some Radical scribes, to hold them up to public contumely." They insist now upon their being something more than a mere matter of earthly comfort or convenience, and to that end they have their "Unions," according to the new law, celebra- ted in a place of worship, and hallowed by the invocation of the Divine blessing upon the Union." They forget, or rather they hoodwink the few that are deluded into their heathenish practices, so that the fact is passed over by them, that the Union" is actually effected through the means of the civil offcer;-a Poor Law Registrar!—That in fact the Dissenting Parson cannot, according to law, have any effect upon the proceeding. His presence at all is a mere salvo for the conscience. He may invoke the blessing of God upon the Union," and so may any other man. the Poor-law Registrar himself not excepted. And a heathen in fact, if not it name, must that man or woman be, who does not ask for the blessing of heaven upon that, the most important, perhaps, of any step in life Still the Political Dissenters cannot get over the fact, established by their own Act of Parliament, that no Dissenting Minister, as such, can unite parties together, as man and wife. Few as have been the numbers of those who have availed themselves of that most unchristian Act of the British Legislature,we rejoice to hope that their numbers will not much increase, since to desig nate such unions, "civil contracts," is admitted by them to be holding them up to public contumely." That point gained, there is little more for the Churchman to desire. Civil Contracts" are admitted, by implication, to be unchristian, therefore "Civil Contracts" will, ere long, be numbered with the things that were.
The destitution of the W elsh, resident in London, differs only from the Welsh resident in their own land, as to Church accommoda- tion, by this much ;-in the one case it is total; in the nther the supply is utterly inadequate to the necessities of the population. In Wales, Churchmen have been content, in some degree, to see any or every sect of Dissenters rearing their meeting-houses in every valley, and on the side of every mountain while they have viewed the vast moral waste, and like the Priest and Levite, passed by on the other side. We speak within bounds when we say that to our own certain knowledge, during the last ten years, for one new Church erected in the Prin- cipality, at least twenty or thirty meeting-houses have been built. Neither can it be said that these have been uselessly erected. They have not had, as in the case of most of the new Popish Chapels in England, their congregations to seek; for the willing worshippers of God, so long as the faith taught was the Protestant faith, were to be found at the very doors of the newly- built meeting-houses. Nay, even the Church of Rome herself has had a footing in some places, before the Church of England has sought to extend there her beneficient influence. That we may not be supposed to speak at random, we will take our proofs from the imme- diate locality in which we write. In Rhymney, a Popish Priest has had a flock for some time past. A new church is about to be built there, through the liberality of the company which supplies the labouring population of that place with employment. But, as in most other towns and villages, until a complete branch of the Church Establishment can be planted, the people are left to perish for lack of knowledge. This is an error, and a grave one. An error, how- ever, which will not easily be corrected, until the legislature will fulful one of its most im- portant dtities,-Provi(ie amply for the religious culture of the nation, instead of dealing out heavy blows and great discouragements to the Pro- testant faith. It is easy to point to the Bishops of the Church, and to say that they are the parties who should first move in such matters, and who should labour to bring about such and such desirable ends. But those who are the readiest to make these charges, should remember that the warfare which the dignitaries of the Church have had to lead for some years, has been a de- fensive one;—withal an arduous one; and cou- pling this with the other labourious, important, and ordinary duties which fall to their lot, the wonder is how they have been enabled to make so many onward moves. Does any one think, for instance, (and to draw another proof from our own neighbourhood,) that the respected Bishop of this Diocese can look with a careless eye on the single Church, lately built, between Merthyr and Cardiff, while the meeting-Jiouses of Dissenters present themselves at every turn ? Will any one presume to say that this state of things is consequent upon any lack of zeal on the part of the Bishop of LLANDAFF? We could point to several lines of road in Wales, in pretty much the same predicament. But most of all we are compelled to remember the state of our own town. The whole popula- tion of Merthyr supplied with Church accom. modation for barely fifteen hundred persons J Again we say that the CAMBRIAN IN CORN- WALL" is in error, if he supposes that the Bishops are equal to the task of removing this lament- able state of things, either in Wales or London. It was the latter place, however, we had in mind, when we commenced this article. There we think the difficulty so eloquently complained of iu the letter of the CAMBITIAN," wicb we published last week, might be easily overcome. We admit at once that a Church, where the ministrations should be in the Welsh language, is needed and we have little doubt it would be crowded with worshippers. There are various Dissenting Welsh Chapels but not one Church. Surely on a fair representation of the case to the gishop of LONDON, his Lordship would use his paramount influence to procure a sufficient grant from the Metropolis Churches Fund. We think a sufficient plea may be found in the number of names, and the amount of the contributions, to that fund, from families immediately connected with the Principality. Having made this suggestion, we must again repeat that the present state of the Church in Wales, and the absence of any branch in the, Metropolis, is not fairly chargeable on the list- It-ssness of the Bishops. The" CAMBHIAN IN CORNWALL," and other excellent men who feel with him for the spiritual wants of Wales, must remember that, in many towns of the Princi. pality, those wants are in a measure newly created; and that so rapidly, that they have pressed with peculiar weight on the piously and munificently disposed amongst us. The grand error is with the legislature; and it is for the legislature alone to retrieve it.
MUTILATION OF CHURCH REGISTERS.
MUTILATION OF CHURCH REGISTERS. The subject of the preservation of parish re- gisters has again forced itself upon the public mind by a mutilation lately discovered in the Marylebone registers. Attention has very correctly been pointed to the Bishop's transcripts as the remedy against the occurrence of such frauds. Mr Rose's Act of 1812 directed duplicates to be made, but in- flicting no penalty for the neglect; at least this act has but one penalty, which is transportation, and is to be divided between the informer and the poor of the parish The consequence is, that many parishes have never sent any tran- scripts at all, the clergyman not choosing to be at the trouble, and the parish refusing to pay for the copy being made. The original establishment of these transcripts is, however, of much older date than the year 1812; they were ordered by a constitution ap- proved under the great seal in 1597, and their use as the means of detection (not to mention their means of prevention) has been repeatedly proved. In the Chandos case, a marriage was proved by the transcript from the Archbishop of Can- terbury's registry of the register of Owre, in Kent, the original register having been lost; and the CommiKee of Privileges not being satis- fied with the appearance of the register for Maidstone for the year 1603, required the pro- duction of the Archbishop of Canterbury's trans- script of the register, which was fonnd to cor- respond; but in the claim of Charlotte Gertrude M'Carthy, in 1825, to the Stafford peerage, the duplicates of the registers were called for, and forgery in the originals thus d iscovered,His- tory of Parish Registers, p. 165. In the case of Doe, dem. King and White, v. Farran," tried at Chelmsford in 1829, a lady would have been deprived of all her property had not the solicitors referred to the Bishop's transcripts, and so discovered a forgery in the parish register. A true bill was found against the party who committed the forgery, and he immediately left the kingdom. The act of 1812 directs that the Bishop and Chancellor of each diocese, together with the custes rotolurum, should report to the Privy Council whether the buildings in which the transcripts were deposited were safe and proper, and at what expense they might be made so, and as to the most suitable mode of remunerating the officers in each registry for their additional trouble and expense in carrying its provisions into execution." Such report, however, has never been made- Were the Bishops even now to comply with this enactment, and to take proceedings against churchwardens for not transmitting their trans- scripts, it is clear that the defaulter might be punished for the non-observance of an Act of Parliament, in the same way as convictions have taken place for the like offence under the General Register Act, and a great benefit would be con- ferred ou the public.
ADDRESS OF THE COMMITTEE OF…
ADDRESS OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE PROTEST ANT ASSOCIATION ON THE RECENT POPISH APPOINTMENTS IN THE STATE. The committee of the Protestant Association, deeply concerned at the recent appointment of three members of the Church of Rome to high and important offices in the State, have felt it to be their duty to their Queen, their country, and their God, to present to her Majesty, as temporal head of the Church, the subjoined address; and they would further intreat their Protestant fel- low subjects to testify, in like manner, their sense of the injury which such appointments are calculated to inflict upon the best interests of the community. The rapid progress which Po- pery has of late years made in the land, and the untiring efforts by which she is now, both openly and covertly, assailing the privileges and blessings which this nation has long been per. mitted by a gracious Providence to enjoy, can- not be regarded without serious alarm by all who are anxious to maintain those civil and re- ligious liberties to which the unchanged and un- changeable doctrines of Popery are diametri- cally opposed. Regarding, therefore, these recent appointments as another successful step in the efforts of the Papacy to establish herself supreme in the land, the committee of the Pro- testant Association would urge upon their Pro- sestant fellow countrymen the important duty of humbly addressing their beloved Sovereign, praying that she will be pleased to cancel these appointments—fully sensible as they are that if the designs of the Church of Rome be permitted to be fulfilled, this once Protestant nation can only look for judgment and fiery indignation as a just retribution for the surrender of those pri- vileges with which God has so abundantly bles- sed us, ADDRESS TO THE QUEEN. To the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. The humble petition of the undersigned hum- bly stiowetli,-That your petitioners beg leave humbly to approach your Majesty, with the un- feigned assurances of our loyalty and attach- ment to your Majesty's person and government. We earnestly desire and pray for the security of your Majesty's Throne, the prosperity of your reign, and the maintenance of that pure and re- formed religion which is committed to your Majesty's care as temporal head of the Church And therefore cannot but view with alarm and apprehension, the dangers to which these great national blessings are exposed, from the perni- cious counsels of those who are at present ho- noured with your Majesty's confidence in the administration of public affairs. We have observed with deep concern that your Majesty has been advised so far to depart from those Protestant principles, which the law of England has made the condition of the suc- cession to the throne, as to confer on members of the Church of Home high and influential situa- tions in several of the public departments of the state; for example, in the Admiralty, the Trea- sury, and the Board of Trade. And this concern is further increased by the fact that one of these individuals has been admitted to the rank and privileges of your Majesty's most honourable Privy Council; the first instance, we believe, on record of such a departure from the principles of our constitution since the deliverance of this country from Papal t) raniiy in 1688. It is, moreover, to be deplored that this pre- ferment should be conferred on men who are subjects of the See of Rome, at a time when that apostate Church has openly threatened the extinction of the established religion in this country, and is now seeking, by means of deep- laid conspiracies and secret intrigues, again to bring the people of these islands in subjugation to the Roman Pontiff. In conclusion we would humbly remind your Majesty that the throne to which your Majesty has succeeded, and the form of Government un- der which we are privileged to live, are based on Christian principles, that this nation has once been delivered by a signal interposition of Divine Providence from Popish tyranny and arbitrary power, and that if we are so forgetful of former mercies as to surrender any partici- pation in the Government of the state to the partisans of an idolatrous and anti-Christian Church, there remains nothing but a fearful looking for of Divine judgments; we may ex- pect to be delivered into the hands of those who hate us; and your Majesty's reign, instead of being happy and prosperous, may be made a period of trouble and calamity too painful for the mind of any loyal subject to contemplate. Wherefore your petitioners humbly pray that your Majesty will be graciously pleased to can- cel these appointments, fraught, as we believe them to be, in their ultimate results, with such imminent danger to the Church, the country, and the Throne. And your petitioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray, &c- etc.
OL\MORGANSHIRE AGRICULTURAL REPORT. SEPTEMBER 19. The harvest has made no progress for the last ten days, the weather having been most unfavorable. The last fine day was the 10th, when a considerable breadth of corn was secured in good or. der since that date it has rained heavily every day, amounting in depth to about 3 inches. The total quantity since the 1st instant, being 5 inches and 1.10th. It is, however, a great consolation to the consumer, that the bulk of the wheat crop has been secured, not only in this county, but in all the best cultivated districts throughout England; and although a large quantity of it may have been housed in a damp state, and unfit without kiln-drying for imme- diate use, yet it is sound, and a sufficient portion will be found in condition for the mill until the remainder has stood in the stack to allow the moisture it con- tains to be absorbed. We are of opinion that, taking this county generally, about one fourth of the wheat crop may be still out, and nearly all the spring grain. The temperature having been high for the last week, (the average height of the thermometer on many days being from 60 to 70), and the grain on the field being saturated with wet, it vegetated very freely. The barley is also discoloured, still, should the weather now take a favorable turn, we see no cause to appre- hend any serious deficiency from the injury already experienced; and as compared with many former years, during the last thirty years, the present damage is slight. In the harvest of 1816, three weeks incessant rain was experienced, when from one-third to one-half of the wheat crop remained in the field again, in 18*21, taking the whole of this county .full 9-10ths of the wheat crop was injured in a much greater degree than the small proportion now out. The harvest of 1799 was not completed un- til November; the whole of October, and a great por- tion of August and September having been one continued series of wet weather; and a very large proportion of every grain rotted on the field, and was not found worth the removal home, except for the purpose of clearing the land, which produced a great scarcity the following spring. The present crop, if properly harvested, we consider a fair average the wheat stood rather thin on the ground, but an in- creased breadth having been sown, and the ear being pretty well filled will make up the lightness of the crop. Spring grain is above an average. The season has been extremely favourable for the turnip crop, which will be above an average one. Good hay will be scarce, and the crop proved remarkably light. The harvest has been expensive, and wages are high, According to some portion of the Radical press, the labouring classes in some English counties suffer great privations from low wages; in this county able-bodied men are getting 15s. to 20s. a week; and in the Mining districts very serious inconvenience is expe- rienced in procuring sufficient labourers even at these rates. We had been led to expect from the 2nd and 3rd Report of the Poor-law Commissioners, that they considered it apart of their duty to assist labourers in removing from those districts,when there is an excess, to those places where labour is scarce and dear- Such an arrangement would confer upon both parties mutual benefits.
ELECTORAL CALENDAR. 22.—Churchwardens, surveyors, and rated house- holders meet, to prepare a list from which the justices select a Surveyor of highways.
HER MAJESTY and the Court are at Windsor, where, when the weather permits, the Queen takes her accustomed exercise. THE OFFICERS of the North Devon Yeomanry Cavalry presented, their Colonel, Lord Rolle, with a splendid sworfT on Tuesday last, in token of their estimation of his Lordship's character. DRAYTON HOUSE.-The magnificent fete intended to be given by Sir Robert and Lady Peel, yester day, was postponed, owing to the measles having broken out among the children. THE RETIRING PENSION of Sir John Newport, late Controller of the Exchequer, is to be £1000 a-year. Chandos Leigh, Esq., of Stoneleigh Abbey, having been apprised of the intention of erecting a chapel of ease in that extensive parish, has met the design with donation of I I ooo toward the endowment. DEATH OF LORD RENDLESHAM.—The Right Hon. and Rev. William Lord Rendlesham, expired yester- day week, at his seat Rendlesham House, after a few days' illness. His Lordship was in his 43d year, and has died without issue. The lion. Frederick Thelluson, a twin brother of the deceased Lord, we believe, succeeds to the title. THE REPRESENTATIVE BISHOPS.- The Archbishop of Dublin, the Bishops of Down, Ferns, Cork and Cloyne, are the four Irish representative Bishops for A RAILWAY from Dublin to Trim has been projected by respectable parties, and will shortly be brough before the public. ART OF FLOATING.-Any human being who will have the presence of mind to clasp the hands behind the back, and turn the face towards the zenith, may float at ease, and in perfect safety, in tolerably still water-ay, and sleep there, no matter how long If not knowing how to swim, you wonld escape drowning when you find yourself in deep water, you have only to consider yourself an empty pitcher let your mouth and nose, not the top part of your heavy head, be the highest part of you, and you are safe but thrust up one of your bony hands, and down you go, turning up the handle tips over the pitcher. Having had the happiness to prevent one or two drownings by this simple instruction, we publish it for the benefit of all who either love aquatic I sporta or dread them.— Walker,
GLAMORGANSHIRE AND MONMOUTHSHIRE INFIRMARY AND DISPENSARY, CARDIFF. j Abstract of House Surgeon's Report to the Weekly I Board, from September 11 tll, to September 15th, 1S39, inclusive. IN-DOOR PATIENTS —Remained by last Report, 10; Admitted since, 2-1. Discharged—Cured and Re- lieved, 1 For irregularity, or at their own desire, 0 Died, 1-2. 10. OUT-DOOR PAT[ F-i-i-s. -iteinain(!d by last Report, 131; Admitted since, 11—145. Discharged—Cured, and Relieved, 17; For irregularity, or at their own desire, 0; Died 1-18. Remaining, 127. Medical Officers for the Week. Physician, Dr. Moorc,-CoBSul Ling Surgeon, Mr Reece, Surgeon, Mr James Lewis,- Visitors, Mr T. Hopkins, and Mr D. Evans. THOMAS JACOB, House Surgeon. .1" ORDINATION. The Lord Bishop of Llandaff arrived at Llalulaff on Saturday last, for the purpose of meeting the several candidates for ordination, who bad been previously examined by his Lordship's Chaplain, the Rev. W. B. Knight. After the candidates had subscribed to the 39 Articles, his Lordship, in a very feeling and kind manner, addressed them on the importance of the office they were about to undertake. His Lordship, in forcible language, pointed out the line of conduct to be pursued both in their public and private minis- trations. His Lordship afterwards proceeded on a visit to J. Bruce Pryce, Esq., of Duffryn. The Ordination for this Diocese took place at Llandaff Cathedral on Sunday last; the sermou on the occasion was preached by the Rev. John Williams, rector of Marcross, from 2nd Cor. iv. 5. 44 For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord: aud ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake." The Rev. Gentleman delivered an admirable discourse on the duties of the Parochial Minister, whom he ear- nestly exhorted to perseverance and diligence in the profession which he had embraced, abundantly prov- ing that he that bearetlr forth good seed, shall doubtless corne again with joy, and bring his sheaves with him Immediately after the sermon the Ordination service commenced which was performed by the Bishop in his usual impressive and affectionate manner. The fol- lowing gentlemen were admitted to holy orders:- PRIESTS. The Rev. William Evans, Literate of St. David's College, Curate of Coyty. The Rev. William Price Lewis, Literate of Usk, Curate of Llanvair, Monmouthshire. The Rev. John William Morgan, Literate of Cow bridge, Curate of Eglwysilan. The Rev. Evan Evans, B. A., St. John's College, Cambridge, Curate of Michaelston-Super-Avon. The Rev. Edward Jenkins, Literate of Cowbridgof Curate of Merthyr-Dovan. The Rev. John Philip Rees Shepard, Literate of Usk, Curate of Monkswood, near Usk. The Rev. Christopher Senior Lawrence, Literate of Cowbridge, Assistant Curate of Penmark. DEACONS. Edward Turberville Williams, B.A., Exeter Col- lege, Oxford, Curate of St. Pierre, Monmouthshire. lltyd Nicholl, B. A., Exeter College, Oxford, Cu- rate of Llanvihangel juxta Usx. Thomas Kearsey Thomas, M. A., St. John's Col- lege, Oxford, Curate of Ragland. Henry Scudamore Burr, B. A., Christcburch Col- lege, Oxford, Curate of Chepstow. John Morgan, Literate of St. David's College, Cu- rate of Glyncorrwg.* William John Buckiiall Estcourt, M.A., Balliol College, Oxford, by letters diinissory from the Bishop of Salisbury. John Ballard, M. A. Trinity College, Oxford, by letters dimissory from the Bishop of Chichester. It gives us sincere pleasure, as Church of England men, to observe the highly respectable order of gen- tlemen who are daily entering into the sacred profession. In former days, the eldest son of the country gentleman often led all idle life in the negative quaUty of Here- ditary Esquire: we now see them either at the Bar, in the Church, or in their country's service; and an unemployed gentleman's son is rarely to be met with even in the highest classes. Among the above Deacons were the eldest (if not the only) son of Lieut. Gen. Sir Edmond Williams, of Portskewit, Monmouthshire. The son of Mr Bucknall Estcourt, Member for the University of Oxford, and brother to the Member fkw Dcvizes. The eldest son of lltyd Nicboll, Esq, of Usk. Mr Burr, brother to the Member for Hereford. The eldest son of Mr Lewis, of Newhouse. one of the principal proprietors of the Dowlais Works;—and other gentlemen of high character and respectability many of whom, we are informed, passed most brilliant examinations, and all of them acquitted themsel ves to. the perfect satisfaction of the examining Chaplain. We were grieved to find that that much beloved dignitary, the Chancellor of the Diocese, was prevented by severe illness from attending his Diocesan on the present occasion all who know that gentleman must feel what a loss not only his Lordship but the public would sustain in such a deprivation but our excellent Bishop, with his proverbial benevolence, appeared to> undertake cheerfully the additional labour thus, thrown upon him. He was assisted by his Secretary, Mr Burder. In the afternoon his Lordship preached from. 1ST Cor. xii. 4. "Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same spirit." The most Reverend Bishop entered into A learned and most interesting history of the early Christian Church of the errors which gradually crept into the Corinthian branch of it: of the almost natural succession of tbe corrupt worship of saints among the Christians, to that of the worship of the Tutelary Deities among the Greeks and Romans; of the suppression of the Ariara Heresy by the labours of Atbanasius and the put- ting down of the corruptions of Papacy by the per- severing zeal and courage of Luther. His Lordship called upon those who had that day entered into tho lIoly Church to sanctify the profession they had em- braced, not only with their lips but with their lives, Hid assured tliein that when tho great and good Shepherd should appear, they would not fail of re- ceiving that most blessed of all invitations and re- wards, "Enter thou into the joy of thy Lord." We have since. been informed Blaengwrach.-Pa- (From a Correspondent. We are happy in presenting our readers with r, cor- rect list of the candidates who were ordained on Sun- day last by our much respected Bishop. Report speaks highly of their excellent character and attain- ments, and we cannot but cherish a lively hope that a most efficient as well as most respectable body of ministers have been on this occasion sent forth to. labour in the vine yard. Tae ceremony was most in- teresting throughout. The morning service was rea( with peculiar distinctness and propriety by the Rev, W. P. Lewis, jun. one of the candidates, and thO" son of the Rev. W. P. Lewis, of New House* in titita couiitj. The ordination sermon was preached' by tlia-, Rev. J, Williams, A.M., Rector of Maueiross, firma I Cor. iv. 5. The discourse was listened to with deep attention, and indeed was well calculated to answer the sacred purpose for which it was delivered. The Gospel as well as the evening prayers were read by Mr lltvd Nicholl, the son of lltyd Nichol, Esq., of Usk; from whose first public performance of this. luty we anticipate everything that is favourable. The sermon in the evening was preached by the- Lord Bishop, from > Cop. xii. 4. Never was there all, iddress which exhibited more of that good feeling: which so characterizes our estimable Diocesan, or one more likely to produce a serious and permanent. mprcssiou on the candidates4 bemswives, and indeecf