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- "NEW NOTIONS—MAGISTERIAL…
"NEW NOTIONS—MAGISTERIAL LAW OF WAG ES." On the 23rri ult an article under this head, copied from the Mining Journal of the preceding week. ap- pcared in our columns. We quoted it from that paper for two reasons :-first, because of the res- pectability of that journal, and the reliance wo impli- citly place in its ;tatery)etits: -secondly, because we think such a charge, if made at all, sliou'd be made nearer home, where it can be more readily mot, to the satisfaction of all concerned. We arc to day eiuib:ed to meet that charge, through the kindness of Mr THOMAS ArrwooD, the clerk to the justices at Swan- sea; who has favoured us with a copy of the evi- dence, adduced on the occasion of the decision of the case referred to in the above-mentioned article. In the ordinary course, it should have appeared in our paper last Saturday: but for a reason already given, we had gone to press the day previous, before Mr Attwood's communication reached us. The case is so clear, and the justice of the decision so thoroughly established by the evidence, that any further com- ment is rendered perfectly superfluous by its produc- tion. GLAMOROANSHIHE, ? At a Petty Sessions held Hundred of Swansea. 5 at the. town of Swansea, within the said Hundred and County, on Tuesday the Twelfth day of March, 1839, by and before three of her Majesty's Justices of the Peace, acting in and for the said County, Present, Rev. Wm. Hewson, D.D. W. J. Jones, Esq. Rev. Samuel Davies, John Russel, of the parish of Oystcrmouth, la- bourer. maketh oath and saitii as follows: About the middle of the month of August last, I was hired by Mr Edward Duclos de Boussois, as a labourer, at the wages of twelve shillings per week. After I had worked for him for about two months, he agreed to raise mv wages to fifteen shillings per week. He raised my wages about three weeks before the 28th of November, and he paid me the advanced wages up to that day. On the following week Mr Boussois paid me twelve shillings for my wages; but I did not say any thing to him about the reduction; nor did he say anything about it. I continued to receive twelve shillings per week, until the Twenty-eighth of Febru- ary last, when I left his service. When Mr Boussois agreed to raise my wages, he said I should have fifteen shillings per week for the whole of the winter. I was working in the Quarry when Mr Boussois said lie would raise my wages to fifteen shillings per week for the win- ter. I did not work in partnership with any other person. During the time I worked in the Quarry David Thomas paid me my wages. I was stopped one day in December, but Mr Boussois told me after- wards to go to my work. After Mr Boussois dis- missed me, I went to him, in about a week, and said provided he would give me fifteen shillings per week, I would work for him again. I then said he had pro- mised to give me filteen shillings per week during the winter; but he said he had not. He offered me ele- ven shillings per week, if I would come and work for him. JOHN RUSSEL X his mark. David Thomas, of the parish of Oystermouth, la- bourer, makeili oath and sa it II as follows :-In the month of August last, I and two others agreed with Mr Boussois to wock his quarry for him at per perch. The first week we worked by the day: the second week by the perch. We were advanced twelve shil- lings per week on account of our wages for five weeks, and he afterwards paid us fifteen shillings per week on account. William Thomas, of the parish of Oystermouth, lahourer, maketh oath and saitii as follows:-About the latter end of October last, John Russell, David Thomas, John Griffith, and myself, were working in Mr Boussois's quarry. He came there one day on his pony, and said he thought he had enough of stone3 quarried for the present. I asked him what he meant to do with us after we had finished at the quarry whether he meant to discharge us. He said, No, I'll give you four quarrymen fifteen shillings a week during the winter." John Russel was standing by at the time. WILMAM THOMAS, X his mark. Henry English, of Swansea, gentleman, maketh oath and saith as follows: About ten days ago I was present when John Russel came to the works. Mr Boussois asked him what he wanted there. Ho said lie came to look for a sledge. About five weeks ago, I made out John Russet's docquet, and read it over to him thus—"John Russel, six days, twelve shil- lings. Is that all ri,rbt?" He said it was. HEN. ENGLISH. #"6>##,6> ALLEDGED MURDER AT ABERDARE. An inquest was held on Monday last, before William Davies, Esq., on the body of Thomas Lewis, of Aberdare, who was supposed to have been murdered by his wife the day previous, (Sunday.) The Jury having viewed the body at the house of Mr Lewis Lewis, known by the sign of the Boot, the following evidence was adduced. Thomas Lewis, miner, aged 17 years, said.—I am a son of the deceased Thomas Lewis. I heard my father say he was fifty-two years of age. My mother's name is Mary Lewis. I returned from my work about four o'clock on Saturday morning last, the 30th day of March. I remained in the house until between six and seven o'clock when I again went out. My father and mother were in the house together the wholn time I was in. There was no quarrel between them, and they appeared friendly together. I returned home at a quarter past ten o'clock that niht. my little brother and my father and mother were in the house. I ate my supper and then went with my brother John to bed up stairs. There is only one room up stairs, and two beds. I and my brother slept in one bed, and my niother, sister, and little brother Lewis in the other. We left down stairs, on going to bed, my mother and father only. My father and mother were as usual towards each other before we went to bed. I awoke about six o'clock in the morning and heard my father groaning. I saw my mother going down stairs at the time, and asked her what was the matter with my father, she replied he has got colic pains on him. On being so informed I composed myself to sleep. I was awoke by mv mother afterwards, who said to me your father is dead. I asked her no questions, but imme- diately dressed mysel f and went to my brother-in-law's house. I informed my brother-in-law, William Wil- liams, that my father was dead, and he immediately accompanied me to my father's house. My father has not been able to go to bed these two years past, because of shortness of breath. Immediately after I and my brother-in-law went into my father s house, I went to call some neighbours to come to our house. When I went out I left William Williams and my mother in the house. I have noticed for twelve months past that my mother was not so cheerful as before, and that she was more cross and illtempered. Before I went to my brother-in-law's on Sunday morn- ing, I asked ray mother what was the blood on the floor. She replied "I struck him with the hammer." I saw my father's corpse before I went out but I did not look at it attentively. My mother when I saw lier going down stairs, when my father was groaning, was dressed as usual in her day clothes. My mother usually rose before me. I saw my mother rise from bed in her day clothes that morning. 1 asked my mother why she struck my father, she said because he tried to strike me with the stool. She said I struck him one heavy blow, and I then resolved to give him two or three thumps on the floor. She expressed no sorrow for what had happened. William Williams, miner, Aberdare.-I am son- in-law of deceased, married to his daughter Margaret. My brother-in-law Thomas Lewis came to my house on Sunday morning last, before twelve o'clock, and informed me and my wife that his father was dead. I dressed myself immediately and accompanied him to his father's house. I saw my mother-in-law in the Louse and sister-in-law Gwenllian, aged about eight years. I observed to my mother-in-law, it has hap- pened heavily here. She replied, I defended myself; be rose the stool above my head and threatened to strike my brains out. I asked how it had been between them. She replied, I caught in the hammer and struck him, and seeing that the first blow went so far, I resolved to give him three blows on the floor. A great many persons came into the house at this time and I did not pursue the conversation. She told me, I want no concealment of the matter. I heard the deceased say about twelve months ago that his wife had gone to discourse more foolishly than usual: be said that she accused him of being jealous of her. I heard my father-in-law also say that he believed there was some failing on her. I have observed that she is very much altered within the last twelve months. She has been more illtempered and cross than previously. Gwenllian Williams, widow, being sworn, said.- The deceased's son Thomas Lewis knocked at my door on Sunday morning last, about a quarter past six o'clock, and informed me his father was dead. I went immediately to the house, and there saw Mary Lewis, the deceased's widow and several other persons. Without my asking her any question, Mary Lewis said "He caught in a stool and said he would kill me, and I struck him with the hammer." James Lewis Roberts, surgeon—I was called to the deceased yesterday morning, and went to the house between nine and ten o'clock. The deceased was lying on his back on the floor, and had been dead for some bours. A rug had been thrown over to cover him. The deceased's widow was not in :hc house at the time. I examined the head of deceased which had ten incised wounds upon it. Nearly the whole of them arc at the back of the head. There are four contused wounds which appear to have b eu inflicted with a blunt instrument. One of the contused wounds is situate on the back p.rt of the head, exposing an extensive fracture of a portion of the occipital bone, and the inferior portion parital bone, extending along the right part of the temporal bone. It is about six inches long. It extpnris downwards across the base of the brain, to join that of the left temporal bone. This wound is sufficient to have caused instantaneous death. The left temporal bone is broken in several pieces. Also the zigomatic arch was fractured and the blood vessels on the surface of the brain were ruptured. The small pieces of bone were pressing upon the brain. This wound was sufficient to have caused death There was no other wound that could have caused death, in my opinion. There was a quantity of blood on the surface of the brain, particularly in the neighbourhood of the fractures, the contiguous arteries beingdivided. It is my opinion that the hammer now produced is such an instrument as could have inflicted the incised and contused wounds! have desciibed. I made a post mortem examination of the deceased. The jury returned a verdict of Wilful Murder against Mary Lewis; and she was committed to Car- diff Gaol to take her trial at the next assizes; to which place she was conveyed last Tuesday. On the same day the body was interred in Aberdare church yard. By this sad event eight children, some of them of very tender years, are left orphans. We deem it right to add that the general impression seems to be that the woman was insane. .#1'11"'#1',4' TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE AND GUARDIAN SIR,-l will thank you to insert the followingex- tract from a letter from Mr John (iribsoil, Clio eminent sculptor at Rome, dated Jan. 26, 1839:- "The hereditary Grand Duke of Russia is at Rome, giving very many commissions to artists of different nations and to the first Italian artists. His Imperial Highness has honoured the following English artists with a visit at their studi, and an order to each: to Severn, a picture; to Williatns, a picture; to Wyatt, a statue, and to your humble servant a statue, and the group of Phyche and Zephyrs less than life. ''Fifteen crowns were sent to my workmen, and the same sum to all the studi, where workmen were kept which the Grand Duke- had visited; and he has left eleven hundred Louis to be given to the poor at Rome, and also a very handsome sum to be distributed among the custodi of the Vatican. The sums of money spent and given away at Rome by the Grand Duke has been done with oriental munificence. He is very young, and a very handsome figure; very mild and calm in his manner, without the least presump- tion. He spoke English to me." Such refreshing intelligence from the Eternal City," is at all times gratifying, but more especially in this instance to natives of the Principality, when the pencil of our own Williams has been employed to grace the Imperial Saloons of Russia. Your very obedient servant, Belgrave Place, London J. g. THOMAS. March 27, 1S39. MERTHYR- MR ALUERMAV THOMPSON, M.P., arrived in Merthyr last Monday; we regret to add that at present he is not in very good health. Sitt JOHN GUEST reached Dowlais on Wednesday last. .,ø"##I' BOARD OF GUARDIANS. At a meeting of the Board of Guardians of the Merthyr Tydvil Union, held on the 30th ult., at which Rowland Fothergill, Esq. was elected Chairman, and D. W. James, Esq., Vice-chairman, for the year ending 25th of March, 1S40, the following resolutions were unanimously passed That the thanks of this Board arc eminently due, and are hereby given to Rowland Fothergill, Esq., for his urbanity, and for the very great attention which he has always manifested to the wants of the poor, and to the members of this Board as Chairman during the past year. That the thanks of this Board be given to D. W. James, Esq., our V ice-Chairman, for■the zeal and ability with which he has executed the duties of that office for the past year." .####'#o#> PARISH MEETING. A Meeting was held at the Board Room of the Poor Law Union, on Thursday last, at II A.M. The Rev. T. Williams, Curate, in the Chair. Mr Adney moved, Mr T. Davies seconded, and it was carried unanimously, that Mr Thomas Evans, of Dowlais, be the churchwarden for the ensumg year. Mr Adncy was nominated by the Rev. T. Williams, as the other churchwarden. Mr Thomas Evans moved, Mr W. Jones seconded, and it was carried unanimously, that Mr Davies, of the Bush; Mr Williams, of Gellideg; Mr Thomas Thomson, of the Garth; and Mr John Jenkins, of Gotre-y-Coed, be the overseers for the ensuing year; the three first being re-elected. The following names were proposed as a board for the ensuing year for the superintendance of the highways, by Mr William Jones, seconded by Mr Thomas Evans, and carried unanimously :—Messrs. J. Oakey Rhys Davies; Edward Morgan; Win. Williams, watchmaker; Ed ward Lewis, jun.; Henry Jones; Edward Purchase; William Howell; Henry Charles; Thomas Thomas, Dowl,.is; David Roberts, Tram-road, agent; Thompson, agent, Dowlais; Thompson, agent, Penydarran; Morgan Joseph, Plynouth; William Lewis, Plymouth; Morgan Williams, Penyrheol; Lewis Lewis, butcher; Henry Kirkhouse; Jonathan Griffith. Mr D. W.James moved, and Mr Morgan Williams seconded a motion that the highway accounts be passed, which was carried unanimously. Mr James testified his approval of the efficient manner in which Mr Abraham Davies, had performed his duties. Mr Wm. Jones informed the meeting that the Dow- lais Company claimed the sum of f680 from the parish, which had originally been paid under protest, for Poor Rates on coal which, it appears, according to a decision in the Court of Queen's Bench, was raised in the parish of Gelligaer. Mr Meyrick stated that it appeared to him that Sir John Guest, could not recover the amount. The rates had been paid legally, and all opportunity of appeal was always afforded; of which the company had not availed themselves. Mr James stated that the claim was only for that which had been paid under protest, and after a notice of appeal. Mr Meyrick said that might alter the case but that Sir John Guest could not refuse the current rate in consequence: that it would be better to call a parish meeting; and that whatever may have to be refunded, a separate rate would be necessary. It was ultimately agreed that such meeting should be held that day fortnight. The Dowlais Company arc willing to take the amount by instalments from tho parish. .####1># MERTHYR POLICE. [Before WM. THOMAS, and G. R. MOIIGAN, Esqrs.] MARCH 30.-John Thomas, boatman, was com- mitted for trial, at the assizes, for violently assaulting and robbing Edward Jenkins, of two shillings. Prosecutor, who is a boatman residing at Whit- church, was proceeding down the canal hank between seven and eight on the evening of Tuesday week; about two miles and a half below Merthyr, prisoner overtook him and struck him down with a bludgeon, and desired him to "deliver, or he was a dead man immediately." He then rifled his pockets and took two shillings (all he had), and ran away. A woman came and assisted the prosecutor, who was bleeding profusely from the forehead, to the next house. Pro- secutor bad seen the prisoner about a quarter of an hour before the attack, opposite Wainwyllt coa'-yard, and in the course of an altercation had told prisoner that ho had more sovereigns in his pockets than he (prisoner) had of shillings. Prisoner was apprehended about 12 that night in the cabin of his boat, at Waumvyllt, but, through the carelessness of the constable, effected his escape. Oil the following Thursday he was found in a state of insensibility, with his hand dreadfully burnt, on the limekiln at the Navigation House; and after having been attended by a surgeon, was conveyed to Mertnyr. Maria Davies was committed for trial at the en- suing Cowbridgc Quarter Sessions, charged with stealing four sovereigns, and other mollies, from the dwelling-house of listher Rees, of Iydfil s Well. [Before WM. THOMAS, and R. FOTHERGILL, Esqrs.] David Jones, of Aberdare, col!ier, having been committed for stealing a quantity of coal, the property of the Gadlys Iron Company, was this day admitted to bail, to answer the said charge at the ensuing Quarter Sessions. TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE & GUARDIAN, SIR,-Knowing that many of the workmen, and others, in the neighbourhood of Merthyr, are at a loss for garden ground, I take the opportunity of speaking of a fact, which though known to few, I think fully established. It is, that the great heaps of mine shale which cover large tracts of land around the iron-works are capable of being cultivated so as to produce that most useful vegetable, the potato in perfection. Some years since I set some potatoes, without manure, in a heap of decayed shale; they grew well; but, through the impatience of youth, and contrary to advice, I dug them up long before the proper time; but, though dug up so soon, I found a fine crop of particularly clean and well-tasted potatoes. Considering the great number of acres of good land covered with the rubbish (as it is unjustly called) would it not be better to make use of it than to let it remain useless and disfiguring the country? Hoping that some garden- less reader will make a trial of it, I remain, Your obedient servant, Mcrthyr, March 28, 1839. A. MURPHY.
THE SECOND FESTIVAL OF THE…
THE SECOND FESTIVAL OF THE TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY OF GWENr AND MORGAN WG. (From. a Correspondent.) This festival was celebrated at this town, on Easter Monday. Our principles of total absti- nence from all intoxicating drinks, which we are fully convinced are evidently founded n the general and concurrent testimony of holy writ,-tlie unde- viating laws of nature,—the unanimous opinion of hundreds of medical men, who have tried the sys- tem,—and the experience of thousands of sterling teetotallers, have nobly stood the test of another year. When it is considered that sobriety is the object we have in view,—that the only means we use to obtain that heaven-horn object, are simply, reason, scripture, and prayer, it is truly astonish- ing that any person who professes to possess the least particle of philanthropy, should not cheer- fully and willingly abstain from inebriating drink, and voluntarily join our ranks. The order and civility which should characterize the conduct of all, and always do those of),eal total abstainers, is another strong argument in favour of our glorious institution, added to which there are innumerable blessings of a civil, domestic, and religious kind. But when we glance on the old fashioned habit of tasting the intoxicating cup by bargaining, by auditing accounts, at births, christenings, mar- riages, and even at funerals; and intermixed as this habit is with every thing in society, it is more astonishing, on the other hand, that we have progressed so much in so short a time. Amid these conflicting opinions this festival was celebrated, and it is highly creditable to the inha- bitants of the town and neighbourhood, that such a friendly reception was given to the strangers, and such intense interest excited in order to see the procession. Public meetings were held in the morning between 9 and 10, at Coedycymmer, where the Rev. G. Jones, Varteg, (Baptist) and the Rev. W. Havard, (Methodist) most ably advocated the cause; at Dowlais, the Rev. P. Griffiths, Alltwen, (Independent); the Rev. R. Price, Cwmllynfell, (Independent); and the Rev. Mr Jones, (Wesleyan), most argumentatively showed the utility of the institution and at Merthyr, the Rev. Owen Jones, Mold, (Methodist); the Rev. D. Davies, Swansea, (Baptist); Charles Carus Wilson, Esq and George Smith Kenrick, Esq., in unanswered and unan- swerable speeches, proved the beneficial effects of total abstinence in a religions, moral, and domestic point of view. The Morganwg Society directed their steps towards Dowlais at 12, to welcome those of Gwent to far-famed Merthyr, and notwith- standing the very great disadvantages under which they laboured, owing to the rain that fell, and the dirty state of the streets, yet the numbers were con- siderable, and the self-denying and courageous spirit they displayed evidently shewed that total- abstinence is to succeed in the populous district of Gwent a Morganwg. The appearance of so m iny thousands by coming down from Doulaifc, with eleven splendid banners, with the most appropriate inscriptions thereon, walking so orderly, and sing- ing so melodiously, was truly magnificent to every lover of his species. The streets were lined with spectators by PenydarranWorki, at Jackson's Bridge Bridge Street, Plymouth Street, by and through which the procession moved, up to 'quare by the Market House, which was most kindly lent by one of the proprietors, Win. Thomas, Esq., of the Court House, for the purpose of holding the central publio meeting; but as the rain descended so heavily, it was deemed discreetly even for tee- totallers to depart for "sweet home," which was immediately done after a short prayer was offered by the Rev. G. Jones, Varteg, and a vote of thanks to the worthy magistrate for the loan of the place. Most interesting meetings were held at Coedy- cymmer, Dowlais, and Merthyr, on Monday and Tuesday evenings, where teetotalism was strenu- ously and judiciously defended by the Rev. P Grif- fiths, G. S. Kenrick, and C. C. Wilson, Esqrs., the Rev. C. Jones, the Rev. R. Price, Mr Thomas, Varteg, the Rev. Daniel Davies, the Rev. Daniel Evans, and Mr Thomas of Swansea. Mr Kenrick presided on several occasions. Letters were read from E. Bowman, and R. Ctiarleson, Esqrs., regret- ting their absence. The result of these various meetings has been most gratifying; no less than three hundred enrolled themselves as members.
DEATH FROM DESTITUTION.
DEATH FROM DESTITUTION. A great sensation has been produced at Blaina and the surrounding neighbourhoods, by the death of a poor man of the name of Win. Nicholas, who had, for the last four or five weeks, been sleeping in a hovel and other places, on the Blaina Iron Works, without receiving necessary sustenance. About tho 14th ult., he was taken ill, from want of food and the impure nature of the air of the cabin and other places in which he slept. Application was then made to the deputy relieving officer, by whom he was afterwards supplied with food. The facts of.the case, as far as we have been able to collect them, are as follow On Tuesday week, great complaints were made to Messrs Brown, by the men employed at the works, of the filthy and dirty state deceased was in, and the unbearable stench arising therefrom. Mr Thomas Brown immediately caused application to be. made to the deputy relieving officer, James Thomas, residing at Blaina, stating deccased s illness, and requesting his immediate removal, but lie took no steps in the matter further than sending him food. On Tuesday, the 26th, Mr Thomas Brown, wrote to Mr Watkins, the relieving officer, stating the case, ,-UKI desiring the pauper's immediate removal, as deceased's life was endangered by remaining in such an unwholesome at- mosphere. This note was left at Watkins's house, where the messenger was informed that he had gone to Blaenavon. The following day Mr Brown again wrote to the relieving other and sent Mr William Williams with the letter, directing him to see Mr Watkins, wherever he might he, to deliver the letter into his own hands, and to bring back his answer. The following is a copy of the letter referred to:- To the Relieving Officer of the parish of Aberistruth. SIR,—I have to request your immediate attention to a poor man who is in a destitute condition, and has been lying in one of our miner's cabins several days. The man's life will bo sacrificed unless he is immediately attended to. Your obedient servant, (Signed) THomts BnowN. I have previous to this given your deputy notice, which is not attended to. March 27th, 1839. On the return ot the messenger he gave the follow- ing statement to Mr Brown :— "On Wednesday morning 1 took a note from Mr Thomas Brown, by his request, to Mr Watkins, the relieving officer, with instructions to deliver it into his hands. I saw him at tho Greyhound Inn, and after ho had perused the note he said that he had spoken to the magistrates, at the Board of Guardians, the week before, at Abergavenny, respecting the poor man, who was in the cabin, being in a destitute and filthy state; when Mr Gabb told him they would not allow him to send him to the workhouse; and that he had their orders for bim to stay where he was. I asked him if Mr Rowlands, surgeon, had seen him, and what was his opinion. He answered me in the affirmative but he could give nothing in the Way of medicine that would, in his opinion, do him any good. I asked him if he had sufficient food and attendance, when he told me James Thomas had procured everything necessary, and had employed a woman to take his victuals regu- larly that ho had had him washed and had put on him some fresh clothes. He said that he had done all he had the power of doing; but the next day, Thursday, ho was going to the meeting of the Board of Guardians, at Abergavenny, and would lav Mr B's letter before them, and receive their instructions what was to be done with him. I told him the men working near him were much inconvenienced, and did not like to go near him, and therefore I thought he ought to be removed He said it would be impossible for him to got him in his filthy state into a house at Blaina, but he had no doubt if he was at Abergavenny he could get lodgings for him." The deceased left tho cabin on Saturday morning; and was seen that morning leaning on the palings of a house some distance from the cabin, and afterwards found lying in a ditch by the house; and there died before assistance could be procured to get him out. On Monday last an inquest was held at tho Whimsey Inn, Blaina, on tho body, before Thos. Hughes, Esq., co-oner for the county of Monmouth. Before the jury was appointed the coroner was about to place on it several persons connected in some way with the Blaina Works, but those names Mr Thomas Brown objected to, as they were persons employed by him; and as some rumours were afloat that he (Mr B.) and his brother had acted harshly to the deceased, and threatened to turn deceased from the cabin, he wished persons to be on the jury on whom there could be no suspicion of partiality. The Coroner concurred in the propriety of this, and the following respectable jury was appointed. EDMUND JAMES, Foreman. Watkin Jones I Richard Walker Thomas Edwards Alexander James Daniel Lewis Daniel Samuel Rees Powell Edmund Henry Morgan Morgan I Job Prothero. Daniel Rogers The Coroner then addressed the jury to the following effect. Gentlemen, This is a case that has excited some considerable rumour, and some facts may come out in this examination which may be prejudicial to I some parties in this neighbourhood. It is reported that the deceased, an old man 60 or 70 years of age, has remained in a state of destitution for upwards of a fortnight without proper nourishment; and without any application being made to the relieving officer, (who was acting under the orders of the Board of Guar- dians in keeping him at the place he was staying at in the works,) he was removed by some per- sons at the wQrks during Friday night or Saturday morning.and was soon afterwards found dead in a ditch. An eminent surgeon is in attendance who will examine the body externally, or internally if you wish it. The Jury then proceeded to view the body. After a short absence they returned tv the jury room, and the examination of the witnesses commenced. Daniel James, labourer, deposed that when going past a house called the Old Bush, on Saturday morn- ing last, he saw the deceased lying in the gutter by the side of the wall, on his right side. A tram-road passes the house. Witness took hold of the arm of deceased and found he was quite dead. Witness then ran to the works and returned with some of his fellow workmen as soon as possible. They immediately curried him to the Whimsey Inn, at Blaina. There were no marks of violence on the person of deceased he had his hat on, and hisclotlies were notdisarranged. Witness had never seen deceased before. Mary Veter examined. Witness lives at the house called the Old Bush. A little after eight o'clock on Saturday morning, saw deceased leaning on the rail- ingsof her house, and trying to walk towards the pigs' cot. She spoke to him, and he muttered something in Welsh which she rlid not understand. Witness left deceased there and went into the house. In about three quarters of an hour witness came out again, and saw deceased in (lie ditch Witness endeavoured to get him out; and called her son, who is a cripple, to help her, but they could not succeed. She sent for some assistance, and he was soon afterwards got out, but life was extinct. Had no previous knowledge of deceased. Thomas Parry sworn.—This day week about seven o'clock I went to the works and found deceased in the c abin. I asked him what lie did there, but could get no sensible reply. Hesaid James Thomas had brought him there. I then went to James Thomas and asked him to have deceased removed. He replied that he had nothing more to do with him, as he had reported the case to the Guardians at Abergavenny. I saw some children bring him something. The deceased was ill tllat Ciibin londay, Tuesday, and Wednesday. As there was a large fire, and the deceased being incapable of moving, was in danger of bc;iig burnt, I put a large stone between hiin and the fli-e. I took a note from Mr Brown to the relieving officer, and left the note with a female at Watkins's house. Mr Thomas Brown here said, I heard there was a man in a destitute condition in one of our cabins, and I sent a note to the relieving officer apprising him of it; and on Wednesday I sent another note desiring his removal, but the request was not complied with. Mr Rowland, surgeon, of Nantyglo, sworn. On Friday week, as surgeon to the board, I went to ex- amine the deceased. I saw him with Mr James Thomas, with whom he was walking away and as that was the case, I did not make an examination. I saw them by the gasometei. I then went away. I under- stood he was a great annoyance to the workmen, being in an extremely filthy state. I also understood that he incommoded Messrs. Brown by occupying the ash-pit. This day I have seen the body, and from the extreme emaciation of his person, and from knowing the way in which he has been living, I think ho died from a worn out constitution, which may have arrived from want of proper food and sustenance; and his death must have been hastened by being surrounded by filth, want of cleanliness, and breathing an impuro atmosphere. In consequence of some observations from Mr Thos. Brown, to the effect that the examination of witnesses had not been carried to sufficient length, the Coroner asked if he thought there could be any evidence given that would seriously implicate the relieving officer? Mr Thomas Brown answered Yes, that the re- lieving officer was much to blame in not taking deceased to clean lodgings or removing him when he (Mr B.) offered him the use of a horse, a man, and a spring covered cart to remove him where he thought proper; that he (Mr B.) would have removed deceased himself but could not take the responsibility; and at the same time warned him of the consequences of neglect. Mr Watkins, the relieving officer, stated —On Wednesday week I received the first intimation from Mr Brown of the state of deceased. I reported the case to the Board of Guardians on their next meeting at Abergavenny. The Board thought he was not in a fit state foi- removal to tho workhouse. I was told to relieve him, and to find lodgings if I could: if I could not find lodgings, I was to reliove him where he was. I said I could not find lodgings. I attended the Board the next Thursday, and again received tho same instructions. I laid before them the letters I had received from Mr Brown. I described to them the state deceased was in. Mr James Brown here remarked it was the duty I of the relieving officer to remove such persons; and thought there was a great dereliction of duty in this case. The Coroner said the relieving officer was to find proper food for such persons, until they were in a fit state to be removed to the workhouse. In this case the relieving officer had acted wrong but he hoped it was an error of judgment, and not from wilful neg- lect; and lie if the Board had understood in what condition the man was, tb,y %voald have given orders to remove him. James Thomas said he had done everything he ,,(, hiln, on one 0('CISIOII, could for deceased. He had hii«> on ono occ;,sion. washed and clothed, and took him some broth, and bread and cheese, and afterwards paid a woman to send him bread, cheese, and tea, twice a day. Mr James Brown informed the Coroner, that about ten days since he wrote to Mr WiHiiUtls' of Nantyglo, one of the Guardians for this parish, telling him of the deplorable situation deceased was in, and begging his interference with the relieving officer to get him removed to the workhouse but received no reply. He also asked James Thomas, if lie had stated to the Board of Guardians at Abergavenny, that he (Mr B.) told him that unless deceased was removed from the premises he would kick him off; and it the Vicar replied, if anything happens to this man I will see him (Mr B ) prosecuted for manslaughter? James Thomas replied I did tell the Board you said you would turn the man out, and the Vicar said If ho does, I will take care he shall bo indicted for manslaughter." Mr Thomas Brown hero said that James Thomas told him it was the opinion of the Board that lie should expel all vagrants who came to the works, by force; and that on Friday, he employed men to take deceased to the constable's house, but he refused any care of him. Coroner (to James Thoinas, constable), It was your bounden duty to remove the man to the work- house. Bo very certain of that in future, and let your brother officers know it. Mr James Brown then read an extract from the 4th Annual Report of the poor Law Commissioners, p. 155, showing that it was the especial duty of peace officers to conduct destitute persons to places where relief would be administered. The Coroner concurred with Mr Brown. Mr Thomas Jones Phillips, suggested that one of the witnesses examined was not on oath. The Coroner said if it waS so it had escaped him; but his reason for not swearing so many witnesses was, that if they were sworn, though their evidence might not be at all material, their expences would have to be paid. Mr T. J. Phillips—Tticn you should acquaint your- self with the farts of the case. The witness mentioned was afterwards sworn. On the examination of Sarah Davies, the person employed to supply the deceased with food, she said that she was not asked to go hersolf to deceased. She sent her two children, the eldest seven years of age but she had refused to let them go to deceased after Friday evening last, and told the relieving officer so. Wm. Williamsstated that he was by the cabin door one night last week, and overheard Watkins tell the deceased to make himself comfortable there to night, for he would be whipped off in the morning. Watkins admitted having used some such expres- sion but said it was only to hear what reply deceased would make. At the conclusion of the examination the Coroner remarked, I have no hesitation in saying that no man could have acted with greater credit, greater humanity, or greater kindness, than Mr Brown has, with reference to this poor man. He wrote several times to the relieving officer, and offered the use of a cart to remove the unfortunate deceased to any more com- fortable place. At this stage of the proceedings the jury left the room for the purpose of viewing the cabin in which the deceased had been staying. On their return the foreman stated it to be a beastly place,-cold, wet and filthy, and not fit to put a pig In The jury having expressed a wish to go to another room to consider their verdict, the coroner ordered one; and said, if they thought of returning any stronger verdict than one of censure on the conduct of the relieving officer, he should consider it his duty to go much further into the evidence, and examine more witnesses than he had done, and then the case could not be finished that day. The jury then retired and after an absence of about a quarter of an hour returned the following verdict '-That on Saturday morning last, the 30th day of March, in the year 1839, in the parish of Aberystruth, in the county of Monmouth, the said Wm. Nicholas was found dead; that there are no marks of violence to be found on his person, and that the death of the said Will. Nicholas was accelerated by the want of proper food and nourishment." The body of tho unfortunate decease I was buried the same evening,
NATIONAL EDUCATION. MEETING AT USK. On Wednesday last, pursuant to advertisement, a publio meeting was held at the To m Hall of Ugk, for the purpose of forming a Diocesan Society for the Education of the Poor in the Principles of the Church of England; The BISHOP OF LLANDAFF in the Chair. The meeting was most numerously and respect- ably attended. Nearly all the Clergy of Mon- mouth were present, as well as a great number of the laity,—ladies, and gentlemen. Amongst them we observed—Jenkins, Esq., of Chepstow; Wm. Morgan, Esq., and Charles Wheeley, Esq., Aber- gavenny Alexander Jones, Esq., and Thomas Rees, Esq., of Usk Rev. J. A. Gabb, Vicar of Usk; Wm. Williams, lisq., jun, of Newport; Rev. Roberts, of Christchnrch; Rev. A. A. Isaacson, of Newport; Rev. F. Lewis, of l,anvaer;-Nlauglian, Esq., of Pontvpool; Richard Fothergill, Esq of Tredegar; William Brewer, Esq., of Newport; Rev Williams, of Llangibby; William Steele, Esq., of Abergavenny; llev. D. Jones, of Pen- teague; Rev. T. Jenkins, Dowlais, &e. &e. &c.; in- dependently of those whose names appear prefixed to the speeches. At 12 o'clock, the time appointed, his Lordship arrived, and said that as they had met for a most sacred and solemn purpose, the assembly would agree with him, in the propriety of opening the meeting with prayer; which was done by the Rev. T. Williams, of Llanvapley, in a most impressive manner. His Lordship then rose and said, that it was un- necessary to expatiate much on the general object for which that meeting was convened. It was one in which all present had taken a long and lively interest,—the education, not only of the poor, but of the middle classes of society. About 25 years ago the national system of education was established, and the feeling which then pervaded the community, pervaded it now,-a feeling of the necessity of instructing all classes in the principles of the Established Church. Large sums had been subscribed for that society; and since he had resided in London, he had observed the assiduity with which the managers of its affairs dis- charged their duties; but the results were not com- mensurate with the hopes which had been enter- tained though this was common to all societies, and it should not be allowed to operate against that So- ciety. Let them aim to remedy the defects. Let them not cast anyreflection on it,but come in as auxiliaries, and carry on its operations with greater efficiency. That was the design of this and similar ineeiings. They came to offer themselves as agents and instru- ments, to enable the National Society to realize its benevolent objects. And if there had been any omission, they should be doing it good by suggest- ing improvements. The poor were chiefly the ob- jects contemplated by that Society, but not the only objects; there were classes above these, who were not possessed of the means of acquiring useful knowledge, and of rendering themselves acquainted with the principles of the Church of England. They came there that day for the purpose of form- ing a plan, which would extend the benefits of a religious education to the middling classes of the community. Among the resolutions that would be proposed for their acceptance, one especially con- templated this improvement; another referred to the necessity of creating diocesan bodies, who should take on themselves the management of the schools within their own provinces. There were gentlemen present who seemed willing to devote all their energies to the promotion of this object; but it was impossible that any one man could do much unless he was aided by subordinate societies. The third particular was the establishing of a training school for masters. It had generally been found that there was a difficulty in obtaining proper per- sons for masters and mistresses of the schools. This again was a sort of evil which was common to societies generally. The central school could not be held responsible for this. They had no favourites, and they could not send to every place the best persons. It was unfair to throw the blame on the managers of that institution, when the masters were deficient in proper qualifications. They could go to London always for a proper person; but if they had a training school they might go to that school, and select a fit instructor. This advantage might be gained by establishing a training school for masters. His Lordship brought forward one or two other points; and concluded by saying, that he had now just opened the subjects to be discussed at that meeting. They would be more fully illustrated by the gen- tlemen who would speak when they proposed the several resolutions which had been put into their hands. Sir Digby Mackworth, Bart., begged to lay be. fore the meeting two or three letters, which he had received from some of the leading gentle- man of the county; whose opinions would be deemed important, not only by himself but by all present. He had received a letter from the respected High Sheriff, who regretted that busi- ness called him from home, and that it was, therefore, impossible for him, to attend that meeting; he, however, most cordially concurred in the objects for which it was convened. Lord Granville Somerset had written twice to him; and this very fact sufficiently indicated the deep in- terest he took in the subject. In reference to that meeting for educating children in the principles of the Established Religion of the country, he eX- pressed great iegret in not been able to be present and as far a that object could be effected on such principles as might not take from other Christians any privileges which they possessed, it should receive every aid and encouragement from him. Sir Charles Morgan had also written to him on the subject: he deeply regretted his absence, and suggested, what it might be well for the meeting to consider, that as a college was already esta- blished for the education of young men, he thought that a school for superintendents might be in- stituted in connection with that college. He (Sir Digby) considered the suggestion a very va- luable one, and trusted that it would not be overlooked by them, in their future arrangements. The Chancellor of the Diocese regretted, that in consequence of domestic affliction, he was pre- vented from assisting on the present occasion. He was not connected with this county, either officially or by preferment; still it was apparent that he was willing to aid them, in giving effect to the plans they then had in contemplation. Mr Blakemore rose to propose the first resolution, and said that he was ill prepared to do justice to the sentiments it contained. He lamented that he only knew about two or three minutesago, that he was expected to take such a part as that now as- signed to him. He could not enter into any minute details, nor did he think it necessary that he should do so. Their Diocesan would be ready to supply any lack of information on the very interesting subject now brought under their consideration. In enforcing his own religious opinions, he wished it to be distinctly understood that he did not throw, any imputation on the motives of any man who might seek salvation in any other way. He did not call in question the principles of any persons who felt themselves attached to the system they professed. Every christian man of a different persuasion from I their own, was entitled to as much respect as any of themselves. But, at the same time, it was incum- bent on all connected with the Establishment, to give every possible efficiency to the principles of the established religion of the country. Others might take what steps they thought proper to further their views. But as members of the Establishment of the country, they had a right to call on the Legis- lature of the Country, to give every possible support to that system, which had conferred such invaluable benefits on their native land. The religious instruc- tion of those classes of society which had hitherto been much neglected, should be gravely brought before their lawgivers. To education without re- ligion, he did express his conscienclous and decided objection. To instruct the youth of the land in their general duties, without at the same time teaching them the paramount duties of religion,-to enable them to acquire a species of knowledge and science, without coupling it with that knowledge which leads to everlasting life, must produce consequences the most injurious to society. If they brought up their young men, without endeavouring to impress on their minds their responsibility, they would be left open to seductions, and to defections of the most serious kind. They ought ever to couple education for temporal purposes, with that which concerned their eternal welfare. The resolution which had been entrusted to him, referred to that religion which had put into their possession the liberty they elljoyed- which had shed on this country its brigbtent glories aud had made it an example to the world. Their domestic and social comfort was derived from the same source. But all present were so deeply con- vinced of the value and excellency of that religion he need not, therefore, urge upon their attention further that part of the resolution. He felt great pleasure in moving that A Legislative support being demanded in the present day for systems of edtication, whereby for the religious training in pure faith and sound doctrine afforded by the Established Church, it is proposed to substitute a com- pulsory intellectual culture, or merely moral instruction, (from which shall be excluded the peculiar and dis tinguishing doctrines of christianity) -Resolved, that the endeavours thus made to conciliate a specious liberalism, are unworthy of a Christian nation, which has recognised the solemn obligation to instruct the young of all classes in the fear of God, as well as in their duty to man," I'he Rev. Thomas Williams, of Llanvapley, then came forward and said, that he rose with pleasure to second the resolution which had just been proposed. They were not met there to decide whether the people were to be educated or not, but on what prin- ciples they were to be educated. He would call upon them to consider the three systems which were already proposed, aud to determine which of them it was their duty to adopt. There was a wide and serious difference between those plans. The first proposed to give a secular education merely to the people. The second, was that of the British and Foreign School Society, which admitted the children both of Church- men and Dissenters into a participation of its patronage. The third was that of the National Society, which provided for the religious, as well as secular instruction, of the youth committed to its charge. By the first, useful knowledge was given to the people. Bui "useful" was a term employed in a most abused sense; for no knowledge call be useful, in a safe sense, unless it be joined with religion. This sanctified the other. "Knowledge is power'' was a maxim frequently quoted but it was a power which might be either a good or an evil. For instance, there was a power which united the old and new worlds together; it was a useful power when property directed but if it broke loose, it would scatter ruin and dismay. They were told that intellectual culture was sufficient for the moral improvement of man but this was contrary to Scripture and to fact. If they referred to the history of ancient nations, they would perceive that their highest and most spendid attain- ments were connected with the deepest degredation. It they looked to modern nations they might find an ample number of facts, which shewed an intellectual culture was not a proper basis on which to rest a people's religion. It was not by this, that they would be effectively taught their duty towards God and their neighbours. It was not byachymical disquisi- tion on the deleterious effects of ardent spirits, that the drunkard was to be reformed. It was not by exposing ihe dishonourable character and in- juriousness of theft, that rapine was to be re- strained. It was not by discoursing on the nature of the bond which unites a man to his wife, and the duties which it involves, that the mar- riage vow would be preserved inviolate. There must be an appeal to higher considerations. But they were told that the advocates of the system referred to, did not wish to exclude religion. Those who wished the scholars to be brought up reli- giously, might attend to that matter themselves, and come to the school and call them out to re- ceive such religious instructions. But when they remembered the multiplicity of religious denomina- tions, they would perceive that the confusion which would be created by such a procedure, would render this impracticable. The second system al- lowed the Scriptures to be read, And its advocates exclaimed that they, therefore, did not exclude religion but no exposition of the Scriptures was permitted. The assembly would recollect one who read, but did not understand for how could he, (he said) except some one taught him? The Scriptures were to be read, but there was no note uor comment- there was no explanation to be given. All prejudices, in short, would be consulted, cxcept the prejudices of those who believed that it was their duty 10 instruct the children in the truths of the Christian religion. Here the Rev. Gentleman read several extracts from the report of the Society, to shew how strictly the instructors adhered to this rule; and further observed, that it was said that this system was one of the greatest impartiality; but the very existence of an Established Church shewed partiality and it was treason against the Establish- ment to speak of impartiality. It had been made the Religion of the couutry-aild it was the duty of the Legislature and of this country to enforce and diffuse its principles. And this wa" the ground the third sys- tem occupied, and the ground ou which they proceeded in that meeting. It had been said that it was very hard that the various religious sects were excluded; hut it was not so hard as they might at first sight sup- pose. At several schools inquiries had been made, and it was found that many of the children who at- tended, were the children of Dissenters. Some- times there were more than half of them the children of Dissenting Christians; for the fact was, there were many Dissenters who had not a very great prejudice against the Church. Many were Dis- senters, he ventured to say, in some cases, because there was no room in Church. Another objection which had been made against them was, that they were indifferent to the children of the poor; but this was not founded on fact. Lately there had been rapid advances. The number of children was greatly increased; and the proportions of the grants made by Parliament, were sufficient to rebut the charge. Those who made this charge were like the Egyptian taskmasters, they demanded the talc of the brick, but refused them the straw. The Church was not to blame in this matter. She had exerted herself. Let Parliament aid her etforts; at least let them not impair her exertions. The people of England would let the Legislature understand, that it was in vain for them to form any plan of education which excluded religion. He hoped that the spirit shewn to-day, would not be allowed to evaporate after that meeting but that every Clergyman aud Layman would cherish the spirit, and aim in their respective spheres to diffuse it abroad. He had endeavoured to bring before them the three systems, and he knew there would be no difficulty in deciding in which way the choice lay. Let them act with promptitude and with energy, and exercise withal, as much as in them lay, a spirit of charitable forbearance. It was the duty of the Church to ward off blows, not to strike them and the Church he would say, was an anvil which had worn out ma y a hammer. He cordially seconded the resolution. As we have ueither room nor time to give this week, the remainder of the proceedings, we' affix the whole of the resolutions; reserving the speeches of the movers and seconders till next Saturday. That scripural knowledge cannot be advantageously conveyed, nor instruction in the doctrines of Christianity duly given, in schools devoted to the joint instruction of the various denominations of Christians, among a peo- ple exhibiting so much diversity of religious opinions as exists in this country." • 7,rhat ^roin period of the Iteformation, and espe- cially in the present age, the Church has exerted herself in educating the people committed to her charge, and has done much to promote the cause of national educa- tion, but that the means at her disposal are become wholly inadequate to enable her to meet the growing wants of a rapidly increasing population, congregated in masses in the densely peopled districts of the king- dom." J r That the communication of religious knowledge is one of the main functions of the National Church that apart from the knowledge of true religion secular edu- cation is nothing worth that it is the duty of the Clergy and Laity of these realms to provide for all who may be willing to receive instruction in connexion with the National Church, and under the superintendence of the National Clergy, a moral and religious cduca'ion, and that the territorial division of our country into parishes affords a simple, economical, and suitable machinery, for extending such education, as well among the middle as among the working classes of the people." That this meeting is desirous to use all practicable means to extend and improve the system of National Education in the principles of the Established Church, in union with the National Society, and invites the in- habitants of this county to unite in forming and sup- porting, by donations and annual subscriptions, a Society to be called "Fhe 31onmouthshire Diocesan Society for Promoting Education in the principles of the Church of England. That the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of the Diocese be the President of the Society that every Clergyman who may become an annual subscriber, and every Layman who shall subscribe a guinea annually, be con- sidered a member of the Society and that the members shall form a general meeting to make rules and regula- tions for the future government of the society and to choose a Managing Committee for the efficient conduct of its proceedings in connection with the National Society." "That the petition to Parliament, now submitted to the meeting, be approved of, and presented to the House of Commons by the Right Honourable Lord Granville Somerset, Member for this County." That the best thanks of this meeting be tendered to the Lord Bishop of the Diocese, for his laudable ex- ertions in calling this meeting, and for his able and dignified conduct in the chair.
BRECONSHIRE SPRING ASSIZES.
BRECONSHIRE SPRING ASSIZES. (Continued from our last.) MONDAY, MARCH 25. Thomas Lewis, 24, plasterer, was charged with stealing a deal board in the parish of Llywell. Mr Hill conducted the prosecution. Mr Charles Powell addressed the jury for the pri- soner. Verdict—Not Guilty. John Carter, 43, labourer, was charged with felo- niously breaking into the dwelling.|louse of Thomas Jones, in the parish of Vavnor, and stealing money and other articles therefrom. The prisoner in defence said, be bought the cheese from a man who had another cheeso and a half that morning it was found. Verdict-Guilty. His lordship said that if the jury had the same information as he had, they would have had less cause for deliberation the deposition of tho woman who lived with prisoner, but was now too ill to appear, showed that her evidence would have contradicted ranch of what the prisoner said too ill to appear, showed that her evidence would have contradicted ranch of what the prisoner said before the magistrate. Sentence—10 year's trans- portation. Rees Thomas, 40, yeoman was charged with steal- iug twelvo lambs, the property of Daniel Joues. The trial of this case occupied several hours. The lambs in question were said to have been sent with others by Daniel Jones, of Tynyberth, in the parish of Caron, for tack, last summer to William Evans of Carergfrane, in the parish of Llandewi-Abergwessin, Breconshire. Fifteen lambs were lost, but three were afterwards found; and in September following some lambs were found in the possession of the prisoner, in his farm of Brynbedw, in the parish of Tir Abbot, Breconshire, which were said to be those lost by the prosecutor. Tho evidence turned chiefly on the iden- tity of the lambs. Mr John Morgan, of Llandovery, attorney, and Mr Wilson and Mr Nichol, coutisel for the prosecu- tion. Mr Thomas Bishop, attorney, and Mr E. Vaughan Williams, counsel for prisoner. Several witnesses to character were called. Verdict —Not Guilty. The Grand Jury returned no True Bills against .Iames Jones, for stealing a gallon of cider, at Crick- howell; and Samuel Powell, charged with the Wilful Murder of William Williams, at Llanelly. TUESDAY, MARCH 2G. The Bill against Samuel Powell, charged with tho murder of William Williams, having been thrown out by the Grand Jury, it was intended to try him on tho Coroner's warrant; but Mr E Vaughan Williams, for the prisoner, objected to the inquisition on the ground of informality. Mr John Evans, Q. C., and Mr C. Powell, replied for the prosecution. His Lordship decided that the inquisition was so informal that the prisoner could not be tried upon it, and ho was therefore discharged. Rces Williams was charged with stealing a piece of sheet lead, a nail box, and others articles, the pro- perty of Samuel Hancorn. Mr Charles Powell conducted the prosecution. Mr Vaughan Williams addressed the jury for tho prisoner. Doe Dem. Jones v. Evans. —Ejectment.—Verdict taken for defendant by consent. Morgan Williams v. Philip Francit.-This was an action for an assault alleged to be committed by tho defendant, on the 4th of October, 1837. Verdict for plaintiff-damages one shilling. Counsel for plaintiff, Messrs. Evans, Q.C., and Vaughan WiHiams; attorney, Mr D. Thomas. Coun- sel for defendant, Mr Chilton; attorney, Mr Church. Before Mr Wilson, recorder of Carmarthen, in the Grand Jury Room. John Jenkins, 25, haulier, and Hugh Price, 28, saw- yer, were charged with burglariously breaking into the house of Walter Watkins, at Brynmawr, and stealing a jar, a quantity'of brandy, a quantity of pep- permint, and a loaf of bread. Mr C. Powell and Mr Leach conducted the case for the prosecution. Mr Nicholl addrcssedtbe jury for the prisoners. Verdict-Guiltv of stealing. Sentence 12 months imprisonment to hard lard labour each. William Clark, was charged with stealing a ban- ker's cheque value X3 10s. Mr Hill, and Mr Charles Powell, conducted the case for the prosecution. Mr Vaughan Williams addressed the jury for pris- oner. Verd ict-Guilty, Twelve months' imprison- ment to hard labour. Attorney for prosecution, Mr Thos. R. Watkins; for prisoner Mr D. Thomas.
THE DRYM CAUSE. SPECIAL JURY.
THE DRYM CAUSE. SPECIAL JURY. John Evans v David Rees.—The trial of this cause (an action in replevin) began at nine o'clock on Wed- nesday morning, March 27, and ended on Saturday morning. Mr Charles Powell opened the pleadings for the plaiutiff. Mr John Evansstated the case to the jury. Although the above named persons are the nominal plaintiff and defendant, the real parties interested are Capel Hanbury Leigh, Esq., Lord-Lieutenant of the county of Monmouth, and Sir Charles Morgan, of Tredegar. The issue of the cause turned entirely on the position of the joint boundary of the counties of Glamorgan and Brecoii the manors of Neath ultra and Brecon Castle; the parishes of Cadoxton and Ystradglllllais. The manor of Neath ultra and Kilybebill, was originally the property of Philip Earl of Pembroke, afterwards bought by Lord Windsor, and subsequently sold to the Mackworth family. Mr Leigh became possessed of it by marriage with his present lady. There had been considerable dispute between the inhabitants of the two parishes as to the exact boundary, and they had been in the habit of meeting separately and perambulating different boundaries. Richard Evans, the son of plaintiff, and his servant, proved the fact of the seizure of the cattle, and their being impounded by the defendant. His Lordship here said he understood the cause was to be tried on the right alone, and the parties must now take their choice as to their course of proceeding. The trial then proceeded on the question of the right alone. A great number of witnesses, both on the part of the plaintiff and defendant, were very ably ex- amined and cross-examined by the Counsel, on each side, as to the boundaries 01 the manors and parishes, and the rights exercised from time to time by the farmers of turning cattle to the locus in quo, whose evidence on the whole was conflicting, and of no great interest to any but those who are acquainted with the neighbourhood; we, therefore, for that, reason as well as the great press of other local intelligence, omit giving the same in detail. Air Chilton, at the close of the plaintiffs case, addressed the jury for the defendant, for more than two hours. At the close of the trial, on Saturday morning, Mr Evans made a powerful reply, and the Judge summed up at great length after which the jury, having retired for a short time, returned a verdict for the defendant. Counsel for plaintiff, Mr Evans, Q.C., Mr Vaughan Williams, and Mr Charles Powell; Attorney, Mr Mostyn, of Usk. Counsel for defendant, Mr Chilton Q. C., Mr Nicholl, and Mr Leach Attornies, Messrs Vaughan and Bevan, Brecon.
BIRTHS. On the 29th ult., in London, Lady Charlotte Guest of a son. J On Thursday last, the wife of Mr Lewis; Clerk to the Magistrates, of a daughter. BowPnhp2,StAlU" liie lad>'of the late lamented William On ^hp 9tV rat S\rCet> H^'erfoi-dw,st. of a daughter. Br?rnn nf Wlfe of C- Marcus B. Hughes, tirecon, of a son. Mar. 18, the wife of Mr John Hooper, of her Majesty's Customs, Bristol, of three sons. MARRIAGES. On Thursday, the 4th inst., at St. Mary's Church, v.* ar^sea>_i by the liev. Wm. Hewson, D.D., Joseph fw"' kscl-> of Ynistawe, to Lucy, youngest daughter ot Wm. Bevan, Esq., the Proprietor of the Glamorgan Pottery, Swansea. On Thursday, the 14th ult., at Westbury, Wilts, by the Rev. T. A. Methuen, M. A., rector of Allcannings, Alexander Pitts Elliott, eldest son of Alexander Powell, Esq., of Hurdcott, in the same county, to Mary Elizabeth Vere Booth, only child of the late William Tyndale, Esq., and granddaughter of the late George Booth Tyndale, Esq., of Hatliford, Somerset. On the 28th ult., at Oystermouth Church, by the Rev. Samuel Davies, Mr James Draper, master of the schooner Duke of Wellington, of Southampton, to Miss Ace, of the Mumbles. DEATHS. On the 27th ult., at his residence in Bute Street, so I William Prichard, Esq., at the advanced age of o9, having for many years been an Alderman, and the oldest Freeman, of that borough. At Ely, on Wednesday, the 20th ult., aged 20 months, Richard L. Ileece, son of It. Lewis Reece, Esq., coroner for this county. On Thursday, the 28th ult., at Denmark, Mrs Anne Evans, relict of the late Mr Walter Evans, much res- pected and lamented by a numerous circle of relations and friends, in her 91st year. Tuesday last, at his mother's residence, Swansea, 1 V* e*ander Griffiths, after a very protracted illness. Un Sunday night last, at Cowbridge, Mr William Lewis, of lo, Old Steine, Brighton, aged 43. He has left a widow (Ann, the eldest daughter of Mr Mathew Donne, sen., formerly of St. Donatts Castle) and four young sons to grieve for their loss. On the 28th .March, at the house of his mother, in the Strnet, Brecon, aged 20 years, Mr David Williams, son of the late Mr Wm. Williams, formerly of the Bear Inn, m that town. He was a young man of an amiable dis- position and was much respected. On the 29th ult., aged 62, Mr Daniel Mainwaring, statuary and marble merchant, Carmarthen. He was a man of the strictest integrity and probity, and his loss will be a source of the deepest regret to his sorrowing family and a numerous circle of friends. As a tradesman he has gained imperishable fame by the noble structure which he erected to the memory of the brave Sir Thomas Picton. On the 20th ult., at Solva, Pembrokeshire, Mrs John, wife of Mr Thomas John, ship-builder at that place, aged 69. She went to bed in perfect health the night before, and was found dead next morning. She was greatly lamented by her relatives, and a large circle of friends-a true christian, much respected in the neigh- bourhood, and for many years a useful member of the Calvinistic Methodists, which she adorned with a life of exemplary piety. On the 21st, ult., at Tredolphin, much and deservedly regretted, the Hey. Evan Williams, Rector of Rhosgolyn, aged 86 years. On the 21st ult., at Grosmont, Monmouthshire, aged 28, John, son of the late Mr Silvanus Williams, of Br^ley, Hereford. March 29th, at Grove Poad, Regent's Park, after a lingering illness, the Right Hon. Henry Lord de Kos, aged 46. Lord de Ros is succeeded in the title by his brother Lieut. Col. William de Ros. March 26, at the Vicarage, Chard, Madelina Louisa, the beloved wife of the Rev. J. Edwiu Lance, Rector of Buckland St. Mary, Someisetshire, aged 35.