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"NEW NOTIONS—MAGISTERIAL LAW OF WAG ES." On the 23rri ult an article under this head, copied from the Mining Journal of the preceding week. ap- pcared in our columns. We quoted it from that paper for two reasons :-first, because of the res- pectability of that journal, and the reliance wo impli- citly place in its ;tatery)etits: -secondly, because we think such a charge, if made at all, sliou'd be made nearer home, where it can be more readily mot, to the satisfaction of all concerned. We arc to day eiuib:ed to meet that charge, through the kindness of Mr THOMAS ArrwooD, the clerk to the justices at Swan- sea; who has favoured us with a copy of the evi- dence, adduced on the occasion of the decision of the case referred to in the above-mentioned article. In the ordinary course, it should have appeared in our paper last Saturday: but for a reason already given, we had gone to press the day previous, before Mr Attwood's communication reached us. The case is so clear, and the justice of the decision so thoroughly established by the evidence, that any further com- ment is rendered perfectly superfluous by its produc- tion. GLAMOROANSHIHE, ? At a Petty Sessions held Hundred of Swansea. 5 at the. town of Swansea, within the said Hundred and County, on Tuesday the Twelfth day of March, 1839, by and before three of her Majesty's Justices of the Peace, acting in and for the said County, Present, Rev. Wm. Hewson, D.D. W. J. Jones, Esq. Rev. Samuel Davies, John Russel, of the parish of Oystcrmouth, la- bourer. maketh oath and saitii as follows: About the middle of the month of August last, I was hired by Mr Edward Duclos de Boussois, as a labourer, at the wages of twelve shillings per week. After I had worked for him for about two months, he agreed to raise mv wages to fifteen shillings per week. He raised my wages about three weeks before the 28th of November, and he paid me the advanced wages up to that day. On the following week Mr Boussois paid me twelve shillings for my wages; but I did not say any thing to him about the reduction; nor did he say anything about it. I continued to receive twelve shillings per week, until the Twenty-eighth of Febru- ary last, when I left his service. When Mr Boussois agreed to raise my wages, he said I should have fifteen shillings per week for the whole of the winter. I was working in the Quarry when Mr Boussois said lie would raise my wages to fifteen shillings per week for the win- ter. I did not work in partnership with any other person. During the time I worked in the Quarry David Thomas paid me my wages. I was stopped one day in December, but Mr Boussois told me after- wards to go to my work. After Mr Boussois dis- missed me, I went to him, in about a week, and said provided he would give me fifteen shillings per week, I would work for him again. I then said he had pro- mised to give me filteen shillings per week during the winter; but he said he had not. He offered me ele- ven shillings per week, if I would come and work for him. JOHN RUSSEL X his mark. David Thomas, of the parish of Oystermouth, la- bourer, makeili oath and sa it II as follows :-In the month of August last, I and two others agreed with Mr Boussois to wock his quarry for him at per perch. The first week we worked by the day: the second week by the perch. We were advanced twelve shil- lings per week on account of our wages for five weeks, and he afterwards paid us fifteen shillings per week on account. William Thomas, of the parish of Oystermouth, lahourer, maketh oath and saitii as follows:-About the latter end of October last, John Russell, David Thomas, John Griffith, and myself, were working in Mr Boussois's quarry. He came there one day on his pony, and said he thought he had enough of stone3 quarried for the present. I asked him what he meant to do with us after we had finished at the quarry whether he meant to discharge us. He said, No, I'll give you four quarrymen fifteen shillings a week during the winter." John Russel was standing by at the time. WILMAM THOMAS, X his mark. Henry English, of Swansea, gentleman, maketh oath and saith as follows: About ten days ago I was present when John Russel came to the works. Mr Boussois asked him what he wanted there. Ho said lie came to look for a sledge. About five weeks ago, I made out John Russet's docquet, and read it over to him thus—"John Russel, six days, twelve shil- lings. Is that all ri,rbt?" He said it was. HEN. ENGLISH. #"6>##,6> ALLEDGED MURDER AT ABERDARE. An inquest was held on Monday last, before William Davies, Esq., on the body of Thomas Lewis, of Aberdare, who was supposed to have been murdered by his wife the day previous, (Sunday.) The Jury having viewed the body at the house of Mr Lewis Lewis, known by the sign of the Boot, the following evidence was adduced. Thomas Lewis, miner, aged 17 years, said.—I am a son of the deceased Thomas Lewis. I heard my father say he was fifty-two years of age. My mother's name is Mary Lewis. I returned from my work about four o'clock on Saturday morning last, the 30th day of March. I remained in the house until between six and seven o'clock when I again went out. My father and mother were in the house together the wholn time I was in. There was no quarrel between them, and they appeared friendly together. I returned home at a quarter past ten o'clock that niht. my little brother and my father and mother were in the house. I ate my supper and then went with my brother John to bed up stairs. There is only one room up stairs, and two beds. I and my brother slept in one bed, and my niother, sister, and little brother Lewis in the other. We left down stairs, on going to bed, my mother and father only. My father and mother were as usual towards each other before we went to bed. I awoke about six o'clock in the morning and heard my father groaning. I saw my mother going down stairs at the time, and asked her what was the matter with my father, she replied he has got colic pains on him. On being so informed I composed myself to sleep. I was awoke by mv mother afterwards, who said to me your father is dead. I asked her no questions, but imme- diately dressed mysel f and went to my brother-in-law's house. I informed my brother-in-law, William Wil- liams, that my father was dead, and he immediately accompanied me to my father's house. My father has not been able to go to bed these two years past, because of shortness of breath. Immediately after I and my brother-in-law went into my father s house, I went to call some neighbours to come to our house. When I went out I left William Williams and my mother in the house. I have noticed for twelve months past that my mother was not so cheerful as before, and that she was more cross and illtempered. Before I went to my brother-in-law's on Sunday morn- ing, I asked ray mother what was the blood on the floor. She replied "I struck him with the hammer." I saw my father's corpse before I went out but I did not look at it attentively. My mother when I saw lier going down stairs, when my father was groaning, was dressed as usual in her day clothes. My mother usually rose before me. I saw my mother rise from bed in her day clothes that morning. 1 asked my mother why she struck my father, she said because he tried to strike me with the stool. She said I struck him one heavy blow, and I then resolved to give him two or three thumps on the floor. She expressed no sorrow for what had happened. William Williams, miner, Aberdare.-I am son- in-law of deceased, married to his daughter Margaret. My brother-in-law Thomas Lewis came to my house on Sunday morning last, before twelve o'clock, and informed me and my wife that his father was dead. I dressed myself immediately and accompanied him to his father's house. I saw my mother-in-law in the Louse and sister-in-law Gwenllian, aged about eight years. I observed to my mother-in-law, it has hap- pened heavily here. She replied, I defended myself; be rose the stool above my head and threatened to strike my brains out. I asked how it had been between them. She replied, I caught in the hammer and struck him, and seeing that the first blow went so far, I resolved to give him three blows on the floor. A great many persons came into the house at this time and I did not pursue the conversation. She told me, I want no concealment of the matter. I heard the deceased say about twelve months ago that his wife had gone to discourse more foolishly than usual: be said that she accused him of being jealous of her. I heard my father-in-law also say that he believed there was some failing on her. I have observed that she is very much altered within the last twelve months. She has been more illtempered and cross than previously. Gwenllian Williams, widow, being sworn, said.- The deceased's son Thomas Lewis knocked at my door on Sunday morning last, about a quarter past six o'clock, and informed me his father was dead. I went immediately to the house, and there saw Mary Lewis, the deceased's widow and several other persons. Without my asking her any question, Mary Lewis said "He caught in a stool and said he would kill me, and I struck him with the hammer." James Lewis Roberts, surgeon—I was called to the deceased yesterday morning, and went to the house between nine and ten o'clock. The deceased was lying on his back on the floor, and had been dead for some bours. A rug had been thrown over to cover him. The deceased's widow was not in :hc house at the time. I examined the head of deceased which had ten incised wounds upon it. Nearly the whole of them arc at the back of the head. There are four contused wounds which appear to have b eu inflicted with a blunt instrument. One of the contused wounds is situate on the back p.rt of the head, exposing an extensive fracture of a portion of the occipital bone, and the inferior portion parital bone, extending along the right part of the temporal bone. It is about six inches long. It extpnris downwards across the base of the brain, to join that of the left temporal bone. This wound is sufficient to have caused instantaneous death. The left temporal bone is broken in several pieces. Also the zigomatic arch was fractured and the blood vessels on the surface of the brain were ruptured. The small pieces of bone were pressing upon the brain. This wound was sufficient to have caused death There was no other wound that could have caused death, in my opinion. There was a quantity of blood on the surface of the brain, particularly in the neighbourhood of the fractures, the contiguous arteries beingdivided. It is my opinion that the hammer now produced is such an instrument as could have inflicted the incised and contused wounds! have desciibed. I made a post mortem examination of the deceased. The jury returned a verdict of Wilful Murder against Mary Lewis; and she was committed to Car- diff Gaol to take her trial at the next assizes; to which place she was conveyed last Tuesday. On the same day the body was interred in Aberdare church yard. By this sad event eight children, some of them of very tender years, are left orphans. We deem it right to add that the general impression seems to be that the woman was insane. .#1'11"'#1',4' TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE AND GUARDIAN SIR,-l will thank you to insert the followingex- tract from a letter from Mr John (iribsoil, Clio eminent sculptor at Rome, dated Jan. 26, 1839:- "The hereditary Grand Duke of Russia is at Rome, giving very many commissions to artists of different nations and to the first Italian artists. His Imperial Highness has honoured the following English artists with a visit at their studi, and an order to each: to Severn, a picture; to Williatns, a picture; to Wyatt, a statue, and to your humble servant a statue, and the group of Phyche and Zephyrs less than life. ''Fifteen crowns were sent to my workmen, and the same sum to all the studi, where workmen were kept which the Grand Duke- had visited; and he has left eleven hundred Louis to be given to the poor at Rome, and also a very handsome sum to be distributed among the custodi of the Vatican. The sums of money spent and given away at Rome by the Grand Duke has been done with oriental munificence. He is very young, and a very handsome figure; very mild and calm in his manner, without the least presump- tion. He spoke English to me." Such refreshing intelligence from the Eternal City," is at all times gratifying, but more especially in this instance to natives of the Principality, when the pencil of our own Williams has been employed to grace the Imperial Saloons of Russia. Your very obedient servant, Belgrave Place, London J. g. THOMAS. March 27, 1S39. MERTHYR- MR ALUERMAV THOMPSON, M.P., arrived in Merthyr last Monday; we regret to add that at present he is not in very good health. Sitt JOHN GUEST reached Dowlais on Wednesday last. .,ø"##I' BOARD OF GUARDIANS. At a meeting of the Board of Guardians of the Merthyr Tydvil Union, held on the 30th ult., at which Rowland Fothergill, Esq. was elected Chairman, and D. W. James, Esq., Vice-chairman, for the year ending 25th of March, 1S40, the following resolutions were unanimously passed That the thanks of this Board arc eminently due, and are hereby given to Rowland Fothergill, Esq., for his urbanity, and for the very great attention which he has always manifested to the wants of the poor, and to the members of this Board as Chairman during the past year. That the thanks of this Board be given to D. W. James, Esq., our V ice-Chairman, for■the zeal and ability with which he has executed the duties of that office for the past year." .####'#o#> PARISH MEETING. A Meeting was held at the Board Room of the Poor Law Union, on Thursday last, at II A.M. The Rev. T. Williams, Curate, in the Chair. Mr Adney moved, Mr T. Davies seconded, and it was carried unanimously, that Mr Thomas Evans, of Dowlais, be the churchwarden for the ensumg year. Mr Adncy was nominated by the Rev. T. Williams, as the other churchwarden. Mr Thomas Evans moved, Mr W. Jones seconded, and it was carried unanimously, that Mr Davies, of the Bush; Mr Williams, of Gellideg; Mr Thomas Thomson, of the Garth; and Mr John Jenkins, of Gotre-y-Coed, be the overseers for the ensuing year; the three first being re-elected. The following names were proposed as a board for the ensuing year for the superintendance of the highways, by Mr William Jones, seconded by Mr Thomas Evans, and carried unanimously :—Messrs. J. Oakey Rhys Davies; Edward Morgan; Win. Williams, watchmaker; Ed ward Lewis, jun.; Henry Jones; Edward Purchase; William Howell; Henry Charles; Thomas Thomas, Dowl,.is; David Roberts, Tram-road, agent; Thompson, agent, Dowlais; Thompson, agent, Penydarran; Morgan Joseph, Plynouth; William Lewis, Plymouth; Morgan Williams, Penyrheol; Lewis Lewis, butcher; Henry Kirkhouse; Jonathan Griffith. Mr D. W.James moved, and Mr Morgan Williams seconded a motion that the highway accounts be passed, which was carried unanimously. Mr James testified his approval of the efficient manner in which Mr Abraham Davies, had performed his duties. Mr Wm. Jones informed the meeting that the Dow- lais Company claimed the sum of f680 from the parish, which had originally been paid under protest, for Poor Rates on coal which, it appears, according to a decision in the Court of Queen's Bench, was raised in the parish of Gelligaer. Mr Meyrick stated that it appeared to him that Sir John Guest, could not recover the amount. The rates had been paid legally, and all opportunity of appeal was always afforded; of which the company had not availed themselves. Mr James stated that the claim was only for that which had been paid under protest, and after a notice of appeal. Mr Meyrick said that might alter the case but that Sir John Guest could not refuse the current rate in consequence: that it would be better to call a parish meeting; and that whatever may have to be refunded, a separate rate would be necessary. It was ultimately agreed that such meeting should be held that day fortnight. The Dowlais Company arc willing to take the amount by instalments from tho parish. .####1># MERTHYR POLICE. [Before WM. THOMAS, and G. R. MOIIGAN, Esqrs.] MARCH 30.-John Thomas, boatman, was com- mitted for trial, at the assizes, for violently assaulting and robbing Edward Jenkins, of two shillings. Prosecutor, who is a boatman residing at Whit- church, was proceeding down the canal hank between seven and eight on the evening of Tuesday week; about two miles and a half below Merthyr, prisoner overtook him and struck him down with a bludgeon, and desired him to "deliver, or he was a dead man immediately." He then rifled his pockets and took two shillings (all he had), and ran away. A woman came and assisted the prosecutor, who was bleeding profusely from the forehead, to the next house. Pro- secutor bad seen the prisoner about a quarter of an hour before the attack, opposite Wainwyllt coa'-yard, and in the course of an altercation had told prisoner that ho had more sovereigns in his pockets than he (prisoner) had of shillings. Prisoner was apprehended about 12 that night in the cabin of his boat, at Waumvyllt, but, through the carelessness of the constable, effected his escape. Oil the following Thursday he was found in a state of insensibility, with his hand dreadfully burnt, on the limekiln at the Navigation House; and after having been attended by a surgeon, was conveyed to Mertnyr. Maria Davies was committed for trial at the en- suing Cowbridgc Quarter Sessions, charged with stealing four sovereigns, and other mollies, from the dwelling-house of listher Rees, of Iydfil s Well. [Before WM. THOMAS, and R. FOTHERGILL, Esqrs.] David Jones, of Aberdare, col!ier, having been committed for stealing a quantity of coal, the property of the Gadlys Iron Company, was this day admitted to bail, to answer the said charge at the ensuing Quarter Sessions. TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE & GUARDIAN, SIR,-Knowing that many of the workmen, and others, in the neighbourhood of Merthyr, are at a loss for garden ground, I take the opportunity of speaking of a fact, which though known to few, I think fully established. It is, that the great heaps of mine shale which cover large tracts of land around the iron-works are capable of being cultivated so as to produce that most useful vegetable, the potato in perfection. Some years since I set some potatoes, without manure, in a heap of decayed shale; they grew well; but, through the impatience of youth, and contrary to advice, I dug them up long before the proper time; but, though dug up so soon, I found a fine crop of particularly clean and well-tasted potatoes. Considering the great number of acres of good land covered with the rubbish (as it is unjustly called) would it not be better to make use of it than to let it remain useless and disfiguring the country? Hoping that some garden- less reader will make a trial of it, I remain, Your obedient servant, Mcrthyr, March 28, 1839. A. MURPHY.






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