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IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT, HOUSE OF COMMONS—Tuesday, MARCH 19. The Bristol and Gloucester Railway Bill was read the second time, after some opposition aud a division. On the motion of Mr HAWKS, it was ordered that none of the "Small Debts" Bills, now before the House, should be committed until after April 8, in order to afford the opportunity of proceeding with the general and uniform measure on the subject now on their table. Sir T. FREEMANTLE presented a petition from Wigan, complaining of the undue return of Mr Ewart. Ordered to be considered, April 16. Mr GRATTAN moved for various returns respect- ing the appropriation of £ 50.030 annually voted for the purposes of education in Ireland. Lord MORPE TH expressed his readiness to pro- duce the returns, excepting that portion which re- quired the Protestant and Roman Catholic children to be separately enumerated. Mr Grattan's motion led to an extended and desul- tory, but uot very animated discussion. Lord SANDON moved an address for copies of any memorials addressed to her Majesty's Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, by British merchants trading with Mexico and Buenos Ayres, praying his interfe- rence to protect British commerce against the effect of blockades established in the ports of those countries by the government of France, together with the cor- respondence with the said merchants arising thereout; 2nd, for copies of any communications with the French government, founded on the said memorials; and 3rd, the amount of British force in the bay of Vera Cruz at the time of the taking of the Castle of San Juan de Ulloa, by the Frenchsqaatten under Admiral Baudin, and at the taking of Vera Cruz by the same squadron. The motion led to considerable and interesting dis- cussion. Lord PALMPRS-1 ON said that he had no objection to the production of the papers, except the corres- pondence; but to that he must object, as negociations were proceeding, and to which he expected the most satisfactory result. Mr E. TENNENT moved all amendment, for the production of any papers and correspondence regarding occupation in Brazil by the French. Mr GROTE complained of the conduct at Vera Cruz and Mexico of the French, maintaining that it called for the marked interference of the British Government. Dr. LUSHINGTON also strongly condemned the proceedings of France, as oppressive and unjustifiable, and contrary to the usages of nations; and urged the interference of our Government, by the most L decided remonstrances that could be well enforced after what had taken place in that House, to show France that England was ''wide awake" to its conduct. Mr C. WOOD stated what force had been sent to the station, declaring that there was sufficient to protect British interests, the best proof of which was that they had not suffered. Sir R. PEEL thought that there had not been adequate activity and remonstrance on the part of our Government; that there ought to be informa- tion produced; and that it was far from being clear that British interests had not suffered. The motion, however, was eventually withdrawn. The orders of the day, together with the report of such army estimates as were adopted on Mon- day night, having been disposed of, the House adjourned.
TO CORRESPONDENTS. + The full price will be given for one clean copy of the Guardian of Feb. 9. 1839 and two copies of March 9, 1839; to any one calling with them at the Publisher's.
conduct of her Majesty's Ministers on the Corn L:I\ Question? Asgiir(,div A palpable and pitiful scheme. All throuuh their crooked policy they have been compelled, Janus like, to look two ways. In the first place, they know that if ever the repeal of the present Corn Laws were likely to prove an in alculable misfortune to this country, it must be so in a tenfold degree, when there is but a step, and that a very short one, between peace and war. Is there no danger* at present to be apprehended from the, Continent ? Are all the rlesigns of Russia, peaceful? Are we in no fear of h ivitig to expend millions of money and millions of lives in India? Are the Canadas perfectly safe without any support from Eng- land? And if in any of these cases, open hos- tilities are forced upon us, in the words of the Duke of WELLINGTON, it will be no little war. A pretty condition forsooth for us to be placed in, a sea-girt nation, unable to stand a seige, for want of bread. This is a condition which must have forced itself on the consideration of those now in office and without doubt the votes of a part of the ministry have been given ac- cordingly. Foreign questions, however, could not be allowed to supplant entirely those of home. There were place and pay'to keep and the only way to keep them was by countenancing the senseless clamour of the Radicals. It therefore became equally necessary that some of the Ca- binet should vote with them. A corrupt motive being shown, there can be no (liffictiltir for honest inen coming to the con- clusion, that the object sought is a bad one; and honest and wise men will therefore pause before they commit themselves to that which would not only produce a revolution,but a bloody revolution. The clap-trap that bread would be cheaper, be- cause there would he less money to pay for it,may I t but when do wet! enough to deceive the ignorant; but when the ignorant,asthey are called, find that they have less wages to buy bread with than before and when they find that after a very short time, when corn is 110 longer «rown in our own coun- try, and we are entirely dependent 011 the foreign market, that It has again come to cost as much money as before, and perhaps more, to say nothing of (luxations greater than they have ever yet experienced; then where will the Chambers of Commerce, an(| t|ie fevv bloated mill-owners find themselves > They would soon behold a yawning g'nlph at their feet; and one that would refuse to be closed till they were tumbled headlong into it. The seven days' Corn Law debate has at ■length ended in the defeat of Mr Villiers's mo- tion, by a majority of 342 to 195—much more than a clear majority of the House voting in defence of the existing laws. The Standard aptly says "It is useful to remember this, and to remember also that not more than one-fourth of the Members of the House of Commons are returned by agricultural districts. After such a demonstration it must be as absurd to (-all the question a Landlord's, or even a Farmer's question, as it always was to consider it as such." —————
We have been told,-but not having had season tickets sent for our reporters, we can- not speak from our own knowledge,—that the poor fellow we mentioned a short time since, as having so barely escaped a ducking from some Merthyr workmen, i3 now enlightening the Dowlais Operatives by a series of political Lectures in a spacious coal-hole. A speci- men of his harangue, bearing certainly fine traces of recent study of Cobbell's Grammar, has been detailed to us as follows:- WINGROVE, loquitur.—" have a Member of Parliament for this place," (yes, yes, yes; re- sponded from all parts of the coal-hole;) and Cardiff, and Newport, and Monmouth, and Kilkenny, and Dublin, all have members." (Yes, yes, yes; as before.) "And what do vou think they are all i'1 London? You don't know; but I do. They are not tak- itig the burdens off your shoulders: they are not thinking about your good or mine. No. They are all,—all, drinking and •" «' That's a lie!"—thundered forth a Mr ALBE- MAHLE, as we are told; but are doubtful about the correctness of the name. Another respectable person is reported to have asked why the fellow was not kicked out of Dowlais ? We are certainly not of the num- ber of 44 ulterior measure men ourselves; and c therefore cannot answer the question. But how, we put it to the poorest man's good sense,— how is a retailer of Radical papers from pot- house to pot-lioiise, like this naii, to know what this or the other M.P. is doing ? And if they are really spending their time in the beastly way he so filthily declares, what a mighty de- cent man must he be, who is so well acquainted with their orgies 1
GLAMORGANSHIRE AND MONMOUTHSHIRE INFIRMARY AXD DISPENSARY, CARDIFF. Abstract of House Surgeon's Report to the Weekly Board, from March 12th, to March 19th, 180J, inclusive. TN-DOOIt PATIENTS —Remained by last Report, 17 Admitted since, 3 --20. Discharged—Cured and Re. li;ve l, 3; For irregularity, or at their own desire, 0 Died, 0—3. Remaining, 17. OUT-DOOll PATIENTS. —Remained by last Report, 50; Admitted since, 27-77. Discharged—Cured and Relieved, 7; For irregularity, or at their own desire, 2-0. Remaining, 68. Medical Officers for the Wck. Physician, Dr. Moore,—Consulting Surcol1, Mr Recce, —Surgeon, Mr Davis, —Visitors, Rev. James Evans and Mr D. Evans. THOMAS JACOB, House Surgeon. THE MARQUIS OF BUTE in the House of Lords, 011 Monday last, presented petitions from Ayrshire and other parts praying for church extension in Scotland. A VERY FINR SCHOONER of 19! tons, wa laullched at North Biddick, Sunderland, on Thursday the I-1th, for Cardiff owners. She is called the Gratitude, and will be commanded by Capt. T. Lloyd, late of the Brilliant. Ma DAVID JENKINS,carpenter, &c., of Cowbridge, and family, have lately been left about twenty thou- sand pounds by Mr Thomas Prisk, of Bristol, lately deceased. BRIDGEND.—As the mail-coach was passing through this town, on Monday week, an old man of the name of Thomas Richards, of Pen-y-fai, when crossing the- stieet, nearly opposite the house of the Rev. Mr James, Newcastle, was struck down by one of the leaders. The old man being very hard of hearing, the guard and some of the passengers cried to him re- peatedly, to no purpose one of the wheelers trod on him in soveral places, before he could be extricated. His leg was fractured, and his body so severely bruised that very faint hopes are held out for his recovery. MELANCHOLY SHIPWRKCK AND Loss OF LIVES. -in the snow storm of last Sunday evening, a sloop from Wales, laden with bark, & for this port, was driven on the bar, near Portalerry, and totally lost, with all on board. Two of the bodies of the unfor- tunate crew have been washed on sixore.-Belfust Chronicle. A PILuf BOAT was sunk, last week, in Swansea Bay, by a vessel. The crew were saved by clinging to the masts till they were taken on board the vessel. BURGLARY AT SWANSEA.—On Friday night, the loth instant, the shop of Mr Will. Griffiths, grocer, Orange Street, Swansea, was broken into after the family had retired to rest, and about fourteen shillings taken from the till. The entrance was effected by removing the cellar grating which was not properly secured. The same night, (and probably by the same party) an attempt was made to rob Mrs Lewis's shop, situated in Union Buildings. An entrance was made into the collar, but a door, which was strongly barred, prevented their going further. A BARBER'S APPRENTICE applied to lolo Morganwg, in London, some sixty years ago, for an inscription for his Christmas box, and the good-humoured bard, ever ready to promote every body's pecuniary interest but his own, wrote for him the following impromptu, which soon produced a bumper for the barberous aspirant. If unrestrained benevolence Your treasures to the poor unlocks, You will not scruple to dispense A penny to my Christmas box. A LOVELY GIRL there is.-and she, If I had wealth, says I might have her;- Chin-deep in love, O! pity me, I Your humble servant, Sirs,—the Shaver. Possessed of wealth, mine would he fame No Sage more wise,- no Hero braver In conscious greatness I'll exclaim,— With exultation,—I'm the SHAVER
NEW NOTIONS-MAGISTERIAL LAW…
NEW NOTIONS-MAGISTERIAL LAW OF WAGES. (From the Mining Journal,) A statement, forwarded to us by a Swansea cor- respondent, to which we should not readily have given credence but from our knowledge of the party, will, we think, give to our readers a strange notion of the Swansea magistracy, and their ideas of business. We have deemed the matter of sufficient importance to give it a place in our columns, inasmuch, that if Swansea law were generally applicable, it would behove all those interested in mines and manufactures to be extremely cautious in the engagements they may make and tho men they employ but as we have every reason to believe that in the Vice-Warden's Court of Cornwall, and indeed every court of common sense in the United Kingdom, a different decision would have been arrived at, we trust that an expose of the way in which tilings are done in Swansea will have the desired effect of showing to gentlemen (who can hardly be expected to combine with their clerical duties a knowledge of business) that awards of the nature such as have been brought under our notice, cannot be passed over without observation. From the evidence adduced, upon a claim for arretirs of wages, before the bench of magistrates at Swansea, on Tuesday, the 12til instant, Dr. Hewson presiding, it appeared that about the month of August last several men were employed as mechanics and labourers on some works in the course of erection in the vicinity of that town; that amongst others was the plaintiff, who was engaged at the rate of 2s. per diem, and who accordingly worked at that rate, being paid weekly; on which occasions a "docket," or paper, expressing the number of days he had worked, and the rate per diem, with the total earnings for the week, was given. During the period that he was so employed, and after the lapse of nearly three months, the plaintiff joined a party who had entered into a contract for quarrying stones, by whom lie was paid 2s. 6d, a day during the time such contract existed; that subsequently he re- sumed his occupation as a common labourer on the works, and was paid regularly each week, according to the number of days he had worked, at the rate of '2s. per diem; and in" this manner receiving his pay- ments weekly, he continued in employ until the end of February, when he was discharged. During the whole of this period, the plaintiff ac- knowledged that he had never claimed anything be- yond the amount paid him weekly; and that, on his being discharged, he had never made any application for any balance or arrears of wages, which, before the magistrates, he stated to be due to him and thus months elapsed without the complainant (a labourer at 2s. per day) ever mentioning to any person that he received short of his regular pay, the first intimation of any claim existing being a summons to appear before the bench of magistrates. The otdy evidence, and that of a conflicting nature, as to the precise words used in support of the claim, was, that in a looge conversation as to further employ, between the manager of the works and one of the parties with whom the plaintiff had joined under the contract referred to, the manager had statedtliat, as soon as the bargain was up, he would find work for them as firemen (i. e. to attend the furnaces),for which they would receive 2s. 6d. per day and this was stated by the witness to be "for all the winter." However, it appears that the parties were not required for that work, and they were accordingly either set to other labour or dis- charged. On behalf of the defendant, the pay-book was pro- duced, which, however, the reverend chairman would not receive as evidence. Evidence was, however, given, that on a late occasion, upon the payment of the week's earnings to the plaintiff, he was called by name, the contents of the paper or docket read over to him, that he admitted it was right, and accordingly received, as usual, his wages, at the rate of 2s. per day; that lie had since visited the works, had made no complaint, but wished for further employ, requiring, however an advance to his wages, or 15s. a week, which was not acceded to, and hence the present pro- ceedings. Dr. Hewson, who, throughout the hearing of the case, evinced a bias which magistrates, however they may feel, should be careful not too openly to express, stated his conviction that the contract was made out, that the plaintiff was entitled to recover after the rate of 61. per day for the past months which had been withheld from him; that the pay-list or dockets given could not be received as evidence; that his ad. mission, on receiving his money with the docket, that "all was right," was not to be construed as meaning that the amount per diem was right, but merely the sum received as in part; that the absence of any in- stance of money being held back from the workmen was not to be taken into consideration in this case; that it was equitable the plaintiff should receive 2s. 6d. a day, although the rate paid to all others was only 2s.; and summed up by ordering the payment of the difference. Thus, then, it would appear, that a daily labourer, after being employed six or seven months, and settled with regularly every week, may, after being dis- charged, summons his employer for an additional rate of wages; and, with magistrates such as Swansea may boast, he will be sure to have a verdict in his favour. from which there is no appeal. And here we would make one remark, which may not be considered as in- applicable generally in cases where magistrates are called on to determine upon questions like the present The employment of miners or labourers, whether paid at the expiration of the week or iiioiitl'i, -ire ever considered (except in cases of contract woik) to be engaged by the day, and accordingly when pay day arrives the number of stents," siiifls, ()I- (I;tvs' libotir, during the period which has elapsed since the preced- ing pnv, are calculated, and the amount p"id, thus settling the past, and a fresh engagement may be considered to he entered into for the future. The de- livery of dockets (being an account of the earnings and deductions, if any) to the workmen should be viewed in the light of an acquittance, if no objection be raised within a reasonable time. But in the prú- sent case many months are allowed to pass by—no application made, no objection raised, the man con- tentedly receives his weekly pay, until being dis- charged he ventures on an appeal to the magistrates, having, as it appears by the sequel, well judged his "worthy and approved good masters," and a decree is accordingly made, to the effect, that the non-payment of his claim was to be considered as a "reserve," that the works were in fact a "savings bank;" and we only wonder the decree did not include iiitci-et, It and after the rate of 3 per cent, for the use of the money. We could say much more, but have endeavoured to condense as far as was practieablc tlw statement of our correspondent,omitting those details which, however important for the consideration of those locally inte- rested, do not bear on the main question at issue.
-# TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE AND GUARDIAN SIR,-Iti reading your paper of tho 2nd instant, I observed an account of an inquest held on the body of a poor woman, who had been accidentally burned at Hirwain. On the Jury returning their verdict of Accidental Death," they also brought in a vote of censure against one of the relieving officers of Neath Union, without any foundation whatever. I think the following proceedings of the Jury ought to be made public, that the rate-payers of Neath Union may see which deserves to be censured—the jury, or the re- lieving officer A Copy of part of their Proceedings. Coffin, 12s.; Grave, 9h. 6d.; Shroud, 2s. Gel.; Dressing out the body, 2s. Gel.; Messen- ger, 2s. Watching the Body, Is. Oil.; Half a pound of Candles, 4d < £ "1 10 4 "I, Thomas Williams, of Blaen Neath, Ystradfellte, do hereby promise to reimburse the sum of thirty shillings to the officers and parishioners of Aberdare, for their expences and trouble in burying the body of Joan Jeiikiiis, pauper of our parish of Ystradfellte; and likewise will do my best endeavours in obtaining compensation for the loss of bed-clothes sustained by one Margaret Jones, with whom tho said pauper lodged at the time of her melancholy decease. (Signed) "THOMAS WILLIAMS." Feb. 25, 1839." c, If Thomas Williams had refused to answer for the amount, the Coroner's advice to the Jury was, that the body should be left uninterred, and an indict- ment made against your parish. (Signed), "P. TAYLOR, £ Witnesses "JOHN WATKIN, 5 ^ESSES. Taking the above into consideration, I beg to ask the Coroner, through the medium of your wide circu- lating paper, the following two questions On what authority could he give such advice to the Jury? Whether the said Thomas Williams can be legally called upon for the said amount of XI 10s. 4d ? His reply through the same medium, will greatly oblige several of your correspondents, besides, Sir, Your very obedient servant, HONESTE AGERE. TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE & GUARDIAN, SIR,-If you think it worth while to insert the v following lines, it may, perhaps, be a caution to the industrious labourer against being fatally deceived. I have seen in the London papers, and, I am sorry to say, in some of the country papers, notices of Joint Stock Companies for carrying emigrants abroad, by allure- ments of becoming farmers; -giY in a description of some climates, equalling the Elysiaa Fields,—of their fine reception out,-of their undoubted success as free citizens—without t-,ixcs-,tnd with land from tliecoin pany at low prices. Who are these pretended companies? Have they obtained an Act of Pitriianictit ? No they reckon upon obtaining passengers,and will land them upon the beau- tiful beach, wjiere, it will not be long before the mus- quitos, fever, and ague, carry off every man. The niaiu country below the Island of Jamaica, is a mere swamp; nothing is to be heard but thccroaking of frogs; and so hot, that for a white man to attempt to work in the burning sun would soon throw him into a fever, to die like a dog. Impenetrable are the forests, —and though there Ire rocks and high land in the interior, yet 1 know of none fit for cultivation, except by coloured people, who must bo inured to the cli- mate. The coast of America,toss than 301.1 north of tho line, is unfit for the constitution of an English- man. The mahogany cutters of Belize lire colourerl people; but the town consists of merchants, shop- keepers, c-ti led store-keepers, mahogany cutters, masters, fishermen, &c. The town is little abovo the sea level; aback of them are immense precipices of rocks, with a chasm through which the wrtvr descends in cataracts, bringing the mahogany from the back lands, after the negroes have performed their difficult task of dragging it to the place. Recollect that 200 passengers at £5 is Xlooo, besides the shares of the land :-flow much that may amount to is the grand speculation. The provisions found'on board are for, say five weeks one, two, three., or more thousand pounds, are thus put in the pocket of the company. Ttie poor creatures are landed,aud the ship sails away. Who is to supply them with food ? Even if they had the best of land ready cleared, and the seed maise ready, it wo.uld bo four months or more, and the plantain stools iu the ground, nine months, before the crops came to maturity. If one or two were lucky enough to escape alive to England, where is the company to be found, to bring an action against for the money ? Perhaps they may be all missing, not even a clerk left: Or, oh yes, perhaps, an agent may be, who says he is sorry. I am, Mr Editor, Merthyr, 20th March. A SEAMAN* "o:
.I"-##".I'...". RAILWAY SOCIETY.
.I"-##I' RAILWAY SOCIETY. At a meeting, held at the chambers of "Messrs Burke and Venables, in Parliament-street, on Satur- day, the 9th instant, at which deputations from dif- ferent rail way companies were present, ttw-followilig resolutions were unanimously adopted — 1. That it appears to this meeting, that the esta- blishment of a society for promoting and encouraging the scientific improvement of railways throughout the United Kingdom, and also for the general protection of the interests ofrailwiy proprietors, would be highly desirable. 2. That for carrying into effect such object, Mr Glyn, Mr Sims, Mr C. Russell, Mr Bosanqucnt, Mr Tyndale, Mr Henry Smith, and Mr Dicey, be a com- mittee, with power to add to their number, and that, they be requested to frame such preliminary rules and regulations, for the purpose, as may seem to them: desirable. 3. That such committee have also power to elect such persons, being railway proprietors or parties con- nected with, or interested in railways, ns they may think fit, to be members of the above society. At the close of the meeting, the various persons present enrolled their names as the first members of the society. ..<If, COAL FORMATION IN FRANCE.—From M. Boubée's: inspection of the coal formation of the centre of France, it appears, that it may be divided into three distinct groups, and altogether corresponding to the entire period of transition earths, and not, according to the general opinion, only to the upper layer of these earths. These deposits, in consequence of some- remarkable casualties, show three very distinct periods of dislocation in central France, all three very ancient; no other great lifting up of the soil having taken ptaco posterior to the formation of the coal. These ancient dislocations, although very violent, and of great ex- tent, have not, however, produced on the settled rocks- any sensible alteration, or any of those modifications now admitted by many geologists. The agriculturist enforces his arguments by an appeal to experience—the manufacturer reliesi on expectations whioh are little better than con- jectural. SAGO As FOOD FOR HORSES.-We some time gave to the public the result of our inquiries as to the- article of sago as food for horses; we now lay before our readers a letter from a gentleman, whom we con- sider as of first-rate authority-one whose opinion is of some consequence, eifcber on the turf or stable. economy; it is as follows, and we give it at fulli length:— Edinburgh, Dee. 28, 1838.—Mr Baildon, Sir, In answer to your inquiries to me, as to the resu it of my feeding horses, I have now, and have had for some time past, twenty-nine horses feeding with sago twice a day. or altogether on sago-that is to say, without any oats. I find that these horses stand their work as well, if not better, than when fed on the. best oats, and illy saving cannot be estimated at less than 25 per cent. in favour of the sago. I have, out of this num- her of horses, two which do not take it as well as the others, which are very fond of it. I conceive sago is; peculiarly suitable as food for liunte", in the propor- tion of one feed a day. Gruel made from it, in the- proportion of one pound of sago to three gallons of water, will be found, I should thitdk, a most valuable- restorative to hunters after a s;c-vefe (liy in the field.. The best way to make this, is to take a quantity of the sago prepared in the ordinary way, and dilute it with warm water to the necessary extent, or, if the- sago is more conveniently carried by the groom dry,. one pound can be softened with five pounds of boiling, water, and then diluted with the necessarv qu;iii,it)-f of water. I am satisfied that if sago can be suppliierl in sufficient quantity to be sold at the present modeKfiit^t? price, it must always rank high as an IIIticll 01: IbOíd for horses. You aro at liberty to make what usa-you please of this letter. 1 a in. Sir, your -obedient- servadi, -Edinburgh Weekly Journey, "ISAAC SCOTT. FRANCO ENGLlSH.- A curious specimen of this occurred the other d'^y. A French geutlemec, res- cued from a rluckmr, in the Thames, and taken to an adjacent tavern, was vised to drink a tumhler of very hot hrii, -dy and water, and thus addressed the waiter, wlia .w;s mixing it:—"Sir, I shall thank you not to mak e it a fortnight." A fortnight," replied. Joe, "b'.id't you better take it directly?" Oll., yes," S aid monsieur, "directly to be sure, but not a- fortni ght—not two week." F iHNTEn's PnoVEnBs.—Never inquire thou of the- editor for the news, for behold it is his duty at the- appointed time to give it unto thee without asking. When thou dost write for his paper, never say unto' him, What tbinkest thou of my piece?" for it may- be that the tfuth may offend thee. It is not fit that thou shouldst ask him who is the author of an article,, for his duty requires him to keep such things to him- self. Wiwii thou dost enter into a printing.oflices. have a care unto thyself that thou dost not touch the type, for thou inayest cause the printer much trollblc-. Look thou not at the copy which is in the hands of the- compositors, for that is not meet in the sight of the- piinter. Neither examine thou the pr >of sheet, for it is not ready to meet thine eye, that thou mayest understand it. Prefer the paper of thy coutity to any, other, and subscribe immediately for it, and pay for it in advance; and it shall bs will with thee and thy liUla ones.
JOHN TODD RESPECTFULLY informs the Inhabitants of Ift CARDIFF and its vicinity, that he has just Imported a Cargo of MAND.EitS and POWELL's DUBLIN PORTER also a fresh supply of London. Scotch, and other ALES, in Casks and Bottles, which will be supplied on the most reasonable Terms. N.B. Afresh Stock of Prime New Hops, at the London Prices, NEATH UNION. AT a Meeting of the Guardians of the Neath Union, held at the Union Workhouse, on Tuesday the 19th Day of March. 1839, Present-CHARLES WARD, Esq. Chairman, and nine other Guardians, The conduct of the Relieving Officer of the Ystradvelta District, respecting the treatment of Joan John, a pauper of Ystradvelta, who died at Hirwain, having been in- vestigated, it is the unanimous opinion of this Board that the Officer has been gnilty of no neglect of duty, and that the censure cast upon him by the Coroner's Jury was most unwarrantable and unjust. ALEX. CUTHBEttTSON, Clerk to the Guardians. IN Pursuance of a Decree of Her Majesty's Court of Exchequer, at Westminster, bearing date the 12th day of February, 1839, made in a cause enti- tuled "Jones v. Morgan," the Creditors of Walter Powell, late of Brecknock, Attorney at Law, who died in or about the Month of September, 1824, are forthwith to come in by their solicitors, before Jefferies Spranger, Esq., one of the Masters of the said Court, at his Cham- bers, in Tanniield Court, in the Inner Temple, London, and prove their Debts or they will be excluded the bene- fit of the said Decree. Dated this 18th day of March, 1839. MertbVr TVbbtl CurnpiUr ruøt. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, THAT THE TOLLS arising aud payable at the several Toll Gates within this Trust, WILL BE LET BY AUCTION, (subject to the written Conditions to be then and there produced), at the CASTLE INN, in the Town of ATERTHYR rYDVI L, in the County of GLAMORGAN, on THURSDAY, the 25th Day of APRIL next, be- tween the Hours of Twelve o'Clock at Noon, and Four in the Afternoon of that day, to the best Bidder, on his producing sufficient sureties, for payment of the money monthly, for the term of one year or more, as the Trus- ,tees shall then determine upon, to commence from Twelve o'Clock of the night of Friday, the 14th day of June next; which Tolls produced last year, the clear sum of fl330 and they will be put up together or in one lot at that sum. -But in case the said Tolls shall not be let together or in one lot at such meeting, then they will be let in parcels or lots, and each paiccl or lot will be put up at such sum as the Trustees shall then think fit. WM, DWIES, Clerk to the Trustees of the said Turnpike Trust. Merthyr Tydvil, 14th March, 1839. Abernant and Rbydyblew Turnpike Trust. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that the L\ TOLLS arising and payable at the several Toll G ates within this Trust. WILL BE LET BY AUCTION, (subject to the written Conditions to be then and there produced), at the CASTLE INN, in the Town of MER- THYR TYDVIL, in the County of GLANIO!TGAN on THURSDAY, the 25th Lay of APUIL next, between the Hours of Twelve o'Clock at Noon, and Four in the Afternoon of that day, to the best Bidder, on his pro- ducing sufficient sureties for payment of the money monthly. for the term of one year or mop, as the Trus- tees shall then determine upon, to commence from Twelve o'Clock of the night of Friday, the 14th Day of June next which Tolls produced last year the clear sum of £ 1410, and they will be put up together or in one lot at that sum. But in case the said Tolls shall not be let together or in one lot at such meeting, then thev will be let in parcels or lots, and each parcel or lot will be put up at such sum as the Trustees shall then think fit. WM. DAVIES, Clerk to the Trustees of the said Turnpike Trust. Bristol Horse and Carriage Bazaar. JFov Sale bp gtttrtion, On THURSDAY next, the '28th inst., at the usual hour of One, By Mr WITHERS, TELEVEN or TWELVE HUNTERS, the Pro- 2j perty of a Gentleman, several equal to weights, whose owners decline summering. A very promising 4 and 5 vear old, in the hands of the breeder. A COB, equal to 15 stone. Several clever Hacks, and a number of Horses of various characters, most of them to be seen on the day previous to day of Sale, and full particulars in future handbills and advertisements -after which, A STANHOPE, by Fuller, nearly equal to new. A TILBURY, by Kogers. A CABRIOLET, by Hogers, equal to new. An elegant One-Horse PHiETON, nearly new, with patent axles, and moveable head, with a Set of brass mounted Harness, the property of a Gentleman going to the Continent. A Stanhope Horse and Harness, the property of a Gentleman, having no further use for it. Horses, Carriages, Harness, Saddlery, &e. &c., taken in for Sale daily, by private contract; and by Auction, every Thursday, at One o'Clock. Bristol, 21st March, 1839.
NORTH DEVON ELECTION.—The election for the northern division of the county of Devon closed on Saturday, Mr Bucke, the Conservative, being the successful candidate. The following was the close of the Doll For Mr Buller 3,240 For MrBucke. 3,720 Maiority for Mr Bucke 480 As the Times very properly remarks, the result of this election will prove "a heavy blow and great discouragement" to the cause of Whig-Radical ascendancy. If a general appeal were now made to the country, we have no doubt that two-thirds of the constituencies would return Conservative Members. Thanhs to the anti-corn law agitation. Very great activity prevails in the ordnance department at the present time. The gun business has not been so brisk since the battle of Waterloo, and good workmen are with difficulty obtained. Very extensive contracts (indeed the largest ever known) have been lately entered into, for the supply of military and naval stores of all descrip- tions. Large quantities of stores have been lately shipped off from the Tower for the colonies and various parts of the united kingdom. DEATH OF VICE-ADMIIIAL SIR C. PAGET, COM- MANDER IN CHIEF ON THE WEST INDIA AND NORTH AMERICAN STATIONS—It U with great regret that we have to announce the death of that distinguished officer, Sir C. Paget, which happened on the 27th 01 January last. Sir Charles had em- barked on board the Tartarus steamer, at Jamaica, for the purpose of going to the Bermudas. He was off those islands during three days, but being un- able to reach them, was obliged to go back to St. Thomas's. Sir Charles's family are at Bermuda. THE DETERMINED ORATOR.—In the House of Commons, on Monday night, Mr Hindley, amidst loud cries of "Divide," "Villieis," and "Order," proceeded to address the House. He said, he be- lieved that it was high time to go to bed. (Laughter.) So. if Hon. Members persisted in interrupting him, he would move that the debate be adjourned. The Hon. Gentleman then proceeded to observe, that the Hon. Member for Essex seemed to think that the Hon. Member for Kendal had not been treated with condign justice; since, from the views which he had put forth upon this question, the Hon. Member seemed to think that he should be immersed in the Thames. The Hon. Member seemed to have forgotten that it was the stream of Mercy, and not the Thames, which flowed through Manchester. (Laughter, and cries of ''Oh! oh in the midst of which the Hon. Member deliberately proceeded to suck an orange, as if preparatory to a very length- ened oration, which preliminary measure drew forth roars of laughter, intermixed with groans, booting, and the most discordant cries of "Divide," Hear," Qtie, qtion," "Go on," ',Villiers," "oi-de I., "Oh! oh!" and "Chair," when the Hon. Member summarily resumed his seat.) After a brief pause lie was suffered to complete his oration. PLEASANT EMPLOYMENT FOR DISSENTERS.— On Monday last, the newly-elected assessors at- tended at the town-hall, and made the declaration, on their faith as Christians, that they would not use their offices to the injury of the Protestant church, and, most curious to observe, the declaration was administered by two magistrates, one of whom was a Romanist and the other a Socinian.—Lancaster Gazette. THE DARLING FUND.—The following is an accurate statement of the sums of money raised in the various towns to reward Miss Grace Darling and others who exerted themselvesso heroically in behalf of the survivors from the wreck of the Forfarshire. The various committees have, with the exception of that in Newcastle (the subscriptions in which town are not included in the following) remitted their subscriptions to Alnwick, and up to last week the contributions stood as follow Total sum received for rewarding the Darlings and the North Sunderland fishermen X360 10 10 Ditto received by Miss Darling for her own use ..•••••• 254 12 0 Ditto ditto Mr Win. Darling ditto.. 50 0 0 Total £665 2 10
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. FRANCE. The French King cannot lie upon roses. He has been taught the unstable tenure of a filched authority, got by duplicity, maintained by craft, and to be secured, if secured it can be, by cares which admit neither pause nor rest, and on the principles of Machiavel. Change suc- ceeds change, the plot thickens, and he must, however conscious of and secure in his own tricksy cunning, at length be awakening to the fear that the example he has set may revert on himself. The new French ministry has been at length formed. It is as follows Marshal Soult War and President. Thiers Foreign Affairs. Passy Interior. Humann .Finance. Dupin Justice and Religion. Duperre Marine. Dufaure Commerce. Sauzet Public Works. Villemain Public Instruction. The general impression at Paris is, that this Cabinet, formed of elements so repugnant, could not hold many weeks together, even if unmolested. It will, however, be strongly opposed in the Chambers, and feebly, if at all, supported by either Court or people. BELGIUM. Another day's report of the discussion in the Brussels Chamber of Representatives has reached us, but, like the former ones, it is entirely destitute of interest. The follo'ing amendment was proposed by M. Pieters, and, after being seconded, was laid upon the table for future deliberation The King is authorised to accept and to sign the treaty which seperates Holland and Belgium, under the express condition, that those privileges, civil and religi- ous, which they already possess shall be assured to all, and under such further reserves as he may deem necessary." This amendment was supported by the Counts Felix and Werner de ilterode. Trade is entirely at a stand, and nothing is likely to be done for some time to come. From the state of abeyance in which everything is placed by the interminable debates upon the treaty, no wonder that little or no confidence is felt by the Belgian public —hence arise general gloom and discontent. The Chamber of Representatives has since accepted the treaty. SPAIN. From Spain, there is little news that can be relied upon, and what there is possesses no special interest. It seems that the Queen's party have been busied in propagating reports of disaffection in the camp and Court of Don Carlo$, and of great and decisive desertions from his cause. These may serve their turn for a time, by deceiving the populace of Madrid and, as they are utterly false, they may be taken as very satisfactory vouchers of the precarious prospects of their own cause. There have been no movements of importance made by the belligerents on either side; and if there have been any disagreement between Don Carlos and Maroto, it would appear to have been only temporary. BARBADOES. The Barbadoes papers of the 3rd of February are filled with the disastrous consequences inflicted on the West Indian Islands by the recent earthquake at Martinique. The Military Hospital, the Treasury, the Court House, and the Commissariat, have become one mass of undis- tinguishable ruins. Upwards of 350 houses were levelled to the ground by the shock, and the terrified inhabitants who survived the calamity were compelled to huddle together in tents raised in the public squares. At the dawn of the morning which succeeded the day rendered memorable by this direful catastrophe, upwards of 300 corpses were exposed on the public greens, and eventually buried in hecatombs of 30 or 40, in a com- men and nameless grave. Information subsequently received acquaints us that 700 bodies had been dug from the ruins of the habitations which the earthquake had hurled down. The most essential service on this trying occasion was rendered by the crews of five French ships, which, as it providentially occurred, were anchored in the harbour of Martinique and the colonial papers arc eloquent in the praises which they lavish on the humane and intrepid mariners,wtio interposed in the rescue of the sufferers. We fear that the extent of the mishaps which this visitation has inflicted has not yet been accurately ascertained. The shock of the earthquake was felt at sea 170 miles from Trinidad,at Demerara,1Trinidad,Grenada, and Berbice severely, althou h in ilone of these districts did an accident occur. At St. Kitt's the shock was barely perceptible.
IRELAND. Lord Ebrington will hold his first levee as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, at the Castle, during the Kaster holidays. The Countess of Norbury and her sorrowing family have taken their departure from Ireland-driven by murderers from their native home—and never to. return. COUNTY OF CAVAN.—John Brady, found guilty of an attempt to assassinate the Rev. Mr Beresford, has been sentenced to transportation for life. A wretched man, rather respectably connected, wall found guilty of the murder of his wife and is to be executed on the 25th instant. COUNTY KILKENNY.—The calendar shows-an increased state of crime over the spring of last year-there being now t29 persons confihed; while last year there were but 86. Of the 86 confined last year, only 29 were for trial,while there are at present 56 for trial at the assizes. COUNTY TIPPERARY,-The Tipperary papers continue to teem with accounts of crime. From the Constitution we learn, that even while the assizes were goincr on, (upon Wednesday se'nnight)the house of Joseph Riall.at Moyglass, near Fethard, was attacked, fired into, and a threatening notice left. The same day the house of Dr Ryan, of Fethard, was attacked, and a threatening notice left. COUNTY SLIGO,-Tlie appeals from the decision of the assistant barrister have added 22 votes to the Radical interest. The High Sheriff, a Roman Catholic, has ex- cited some distrust as to the verdicts upon these appeals, the jurors being composed exclusively of floman Catho- lics, of strong political bias, taken from the panel returned by the High Sheriff, and which it is said did not contain any Protestant names. CORK PRECURSORS.—At a meeting of the Precursor Society in Cork, upon Wednesday last, Precursor Hayes gave notice of a motion for a junction with the English Chartists, and to look at once for a repeal of the union.
PROPORTION WHICH THE PRICE…
PROPORTION WHICH THE PRICE OF BREAD BEARS TO THE PRICE OF WHEAT. A quarter of wheat (imperial measure), of middling quality, will, it is esti- mated, yield of flour 3 9.21 b. When the price of bread was fixed by the Lord Mayor, the sack of flour, weighing 2801b., was calculated as sufficient to ma ke 84 quartern loaves, but the bakers admit that it will make 86, or 3731b. 9 oz. The flour produced from a quarter of wheat being (as above stated) 3(J21b will, at this rate, yield 5231b. of bread nearly, but say 5201b. Or in 41b. loaves I30 Now the quarter of wheat yielding 130 loaves, a rise or fall of 5s. 5d. per quarter IS precisely equivalent to id. per loaf, inasmuch as 130 loaves, at d. each, amount to os. 5d. Proportion of the price of bread which goes to re- munerate the corn-grower The average price of wheat, for three years, is, up to the present date, Feb., 1839. 5Ss. 2d. The bran and pollard may be worth, say 4s. Od. The value of the flour will be 54s. 2d. And assuming, as above, that the flour produced from a quarter of wheat will make ISO loaves of 41b. each, this will give exactly 5d. on tho farmer's share, when the price of wheat is 5Ss. 2d., as the present average. Thus, 130 loaves, at 5d. each, are 54s. 2d. Value of bran and pollard i 4s. Od. Price of a quarter of wheat. 58s. 2d. And as the price of the 41b. loaf wheaten has been from 9d. to Ud. in London during the same three years, taking the average price lOti:, it appears that the grower receives just half the price which the con- sumer pays for his bread which half, or 5d. is to be divided between the landlord, the farmer, and the labourer, and for rates, taxes, &c. The landlord, say one-fourth Ii(!. The farmer's living, and profit, one-fourth I i,i. The labourer, one-fourth lid. Poor and county rates, taxes, &c. one-fourth I i(l. 5d. The remaining 5d. per loaf must, therefore, go to the miller, the mealtnan, and the baker. urely the term of monopoly cannot be applied, by this statement, to the landed interest, and which, It all events, consists of one half of the population of the United Kingdom. Should it not rather be applied to the manufacturers of flour and bread ? If foreign corn were admitted duty free, or nearly so, the price of wheat must fall. at least 16s. 6d. per quarter; and this reduction of price (which would ruin the agriculture of the country), would, and could only, according to the foregoing calculation, cause a corresponding reduction of 1d. III the price of the 41b. loaf. Now, if we assume that a manufacturing labourer be paid at the rate of two loaves per diem,* his wages would be reduced Is. 6d. per week; and would this small reduction cuablo the British manu- facturer successfully to compete with the compara- tively untaxed labour of other countries? or, even if it did so, would it compensate him for the almost entire loss of the home market, consequent on the ruin of the agriculturist? and thereby throwing a large proportion of the rural population to compete with the manufacturing working classes, already too numerous. N.B. This is assuming that all his wages is laid out in bread, whereas it is only one-half.
<8 Unto r gait, ^Honmoutf),…
<8 Unto r gait, ^Honmoutf), & SStrfcott a CUt, AND hI En THY R GUARDT.d.Y. MERTHYR TYDVIL. ami BRECON, IHarclt 23, 1S39. TO CORRESPONDENTS AND ADVER- TISERS. Friday next being GOOD FRIDAY, all commu- nications received at the office of this paper after Thursday evening, will be too late for ins -rtion on the 30th. The Publisher therefore respectfully requests that articles of intelligence and advertisements may be transmitted to him as early in the week as possible. Notices to Correspondents, some Advertise- ments, and many Articles of Intelligence, stand over till next week in consequence of the long report of the C.ADAIR MOUGANWG, and the late hour at which that report was necessarily com- pleted. Fraser's Magazine very ably exposed the popish tendency of DR. HOOK'S Call to Union; as ably as it had exposed the popish tendency of the Tracts for the Times: and for this pro- testant service it was rewarded by the Coventry Standard, and other equally wise journals, by being stigmatised as "scurrilous" They will not bear to hear the Tracts cried down as a poisoned chalice, because there is good mine in them Why, that is exactly the traitors plan. He never infuses poison into a man's physic; but into his wine; because it is so much the more likely to be swallowed. For us, these wolves in sheep's clothing, (we do not mean to use the phrase discourteously,) may take their own way in treating of this question. Truth will prevail. But we put it to our readers whether we must not reckon this as among the signs of the times, that Popery is now making a mighty effort to obtain a lasting footing in our land. And if this will not convince them.^let 11s try another plan. Let us request their attention to the following statement from the York Chronicle., It is a statement of facts. They will admit of no denial. It is true the York Chronicle is an able champion of CHURCH and STATE; able, sound, and discreet withal. There is no false colotiring for if there were, there are in that ancient city, journals which have sufficient affection for infidel liberality to tear off the mask, and to placefthe matter in its true light. Thus speaks the Clironicle:- The circumstances are simply these. Instead of appointing a clergyman of the Church of England to he his official chaplain, whose duty it has always been to preach the assize sermon in the Cathedral, the High Sheriff, contrary to all precedent, has brought with him, on appear.. ing in his public character, his own confessor, a Roman Catholic priest, to officiate in the capa- city of his chaplain, and to be recognised as such by the judges and other dignitaries and officers with whom his duty and the accustomed courtesies of the assizes should bring him in contact. We are not aware tot any attempt was made to intrude the priest of an apostate Church into the pulpit of the Cathedral to preach the assize sermon the time is not ripe for so much and, as will be seen in the sequel, a less offensive mode of having the assize sermon preached by a Roman Catholic priest was adopted. But though the pulpit was not de- manded, it was peremptorily intimated that the Popish priest was expected to be received and honoured in all other respects as the High Sheriff's chaplain. "On Sunday morning, when, according to custom, the High Sheriff, with his insignia of office and his retinue, waited on the judges to conduct them in his state carriage to the cathe- dral, those learned gentlemen must have been not a little astonished to find seated in the vehicle an individual dressed up in a style which neither of them, albeit learned in the law and not unskilled in the 4 form and pressure of the time,' had in all probability ever seen before. To the uninitiated it seemed a finical sort of habit for the mere purpose of warmth on a frosty day. This personage was the popish chaplain, attired and robed in full fig for the celebration of high mass. The judges having been thus conducted to the cathedral, the High Sheriff ac- companied them not into the choir, but with his father Confessor and Chaplain immediately drove to the Roman Catholic chapel, in state, t attended by his retinue, and with all the usual insignia of his office. There he heard mass, and, I as we understand, an assize sermon: after which he returned in state to the Cathedral in time to receive the Judges and convey them to their lodgings. '• It being the custom of the principal dignitary of the cathedral in residence to entertain the High Slieriff and Judges at dinner on the first assize Still(lity, the Rev. C- HAWKINS invited those officers to the usual hospitality at the residence but the obnoxious chaplain received no invita- tion. We believe, in fact, that the worthy and Reverend Canon was not in possession of any format intimation of the presence of such a per- sonage about the High Sheriff: but at all events, he rightly considered that neither the rites of hospitality nor the dictates of true liberality re- quired of him, a dignitary of the Church of Eng- land, to give what would have been regarded as a public and formal countenance to a represen- tative of a corrupt church. The omission of the confessor in the invitation appears to have offended the penitent, for the High Sheriff did not dine at the residence. 0 And now a few serious words must be spoken, on the nature of some of our Popish High Sheriff's conduct. And first as regards his going in state, and with the insignia of his office, to the Roman Catholic Chapel:— By the 2.3; 1» section of the Roman CathoHc Relief Act, passed on the 13th of April, 1829, it is enacted, that if any person hold- ing any judicial or civil office, shall, after the commencement of that Act, resort to or he present at any place or public meeting for religious worship in England, other than that of ths United Church of England and Ireland, as by law established, in the robe, gown, or other peculiar habit of his office, or attend with the ensien or insignia or anv part thereof, of or belonging to such his office, such person shall, being thereof convicted by due course of law, forfeit such office, and pay for every such offence the sum of one hundred pounds; and by the 38th section it is also enacted, that all pe- nalties imposed by the Act shall and may be recovered as a debt due to his Majesty, by information to be filed in the name of his Majesty's Attorney General for Eng- land, in the Court of Exchequer, in Eng- land.' The 26th section of the same Act is equally pertinent to the case of the chaplain's appearing in the carriage with the judges in the robes of his order. The section runs thus 4 And be it further enacted, that if any Ro- man Catholic Ecclesiastic, or any member of any of the orders, communities, or socie- ties hereinafter mentioned, shall, after the commencement of this Act. exercise any of the rites or ceremonies of the Roman Ca- tholic religion, or wear the habits of his order, save within the usual places of wor- ship of the Roman Catholic religion, or in private houses, such Ecclesiastic or other person, shall, being thereof convicted by due course of law, forfeit for every such offence the sum of fifty potill(I.R. Will the law be put in force? Will one of the few flimsy securities afforded by the Roman Catholic Bill, be thrown to the winds? Alas! it has been so already- Mitred Jesuits usurp in Ireland the titles which belong to Protestant Prelates onlv; and priests of a lower grade now in England, beard her Majesty's Judges in the exercise of their high functions. The vene- rable ELDON was sneered at, when in the House of Lords he declared that on the passing of that fatal Act the sun of England would be for ever set. May Heaven yetavert so terrible a doom Is there no paltry scheme in the contradictory
.,#"## PATENT SHEATHING. (From tlio Ilininy Journal.) We have had an opportunity of visiting the works in the neighbourhood of Swansea, and we gladly avail ourselves of the present occasion of noting the result of our observations. We feel bound to acknowledge the polite attention and the readiness to furnish information evinced by Mr G. F Muntz (tho patentee), on tho occasion of our visit, and although from the nature of the manu- facture it is simple in its details, the advantages must be so apparent to the shipowner, that any remarks we may make cannot be otherwise than acceptable to that wealthy and important class. The use of zinc is not only "progressing," but is likely to compete in the proportion of 40 to 60 with copper in the sheathing of vessels. The works are situated within about a mile of the town of Swansea, immediately in the neighbourhood of the copper works (on which we shall have occasion to say something in an early number,) and arc at present capable of manufacturing a considerable quantity of sheathing and bolts-tiicre being four pair of rollers, with the machinery necessary for drawing rods, worked by an engine of 54.J-inch cylinder, SJ-feet stroke. The metal is a combination of copper and zinc, the best admixture being found to be 60 percent, of the former and 40 per cent, of the latter. The metal is delivered on the works, and is then submitted in these proportions to the action of a reverberatory furnace, or melted in pots, from which it is cast in plates or bars, according to the object for which the metal is required, whether "bolts" or "sheathing." It is subsequently submitted to heat, and when, as it ap- peared to us, of a cherry red," ia worked in the cylinders or rollers, or drawn out in rods. The pro- cess is in itself exceedingly simple, and affords little novelty to any one accustomed to the manufacture of iron. Many opinions have been advanced, and doubts expressed, of the advantages (if any) which this metal possessed, while its ductility wns questioned, and its permanence only ad mllted when it had been subjected to the test of some years' application. It is satisfactory to find that the results have fully realised the sanguine expectations of the patentee; one vessel having made three voyages to India with- out repairs being required, and another having been sheathed for the past five years with the "yellow metal," and now in good condition, while in the port of Swansea, at the present time, two Hamburgh vessels, the Kate aId Anna Louise, have adopted it. In the instance of the Kate, we take the words of the owner, "he has effected a saving on a 400 ton vessel of full eSo;" tli(-, difference in the price of copper and Muntz's (or yellow metal) sheathing, being three- halfpence per pound less, and the difference in the specific gravity 8 to 9 per cent. With respect to the bolts, we have it on the statements of the shipwrights employed, that they are far superior in driving to those of copper, as possessing more tenacity and firm- ness. Such arc the advantages of the combination of the two Incttis -copper and zinc; and we may, there- fore, hope, that with these advances in metallurgical science, we shall, whatever may be the influx of copper ores from foreign climes, be able still to look to home for our supply of mineral, which shall furnish not only employment to the population in our mining districts, but yield, as it has heretofore done, so con- siderable a proportion of our national wealth.
THE UNIVERSITY ADVANTAGES…
THE UNIVERSITY ADVANTAGES OF WALES. TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZE TE AD GUARDIAN. Sin,—Seeing that you are ever ready to advance the interests of your countrymen, I have ventured to occupy a corner of your valuable journal, in order to shew the public what advantages the youth of Wales are entitled to in our Universities, if they only know when and where to make application, and to assert their rights. This [ have undertaken as I have heard graduates assert that they had passed through the University without ever being able to ascertain the re- spective advantages of their own College. And first I must mention the Welsh endowed seliools-tliey are six in number, viz.:—iJangor, Beaumaris, Carmar- then, Cowbridge, Haverfordwest, and Ruthin. And first Bangor,—Hugh Rowlands, Bishop of Bangor, in 1609, (with preference to his kindred) endowed two scholarships at Jesus College, Oxford, from this school and Beaumaris. 2nd. Bcaiimaris-Lowis Owen, by will, left X20 per annum for the support of two scholars from this school, but first with preference to his kindred. 3rd. Carmarthen school enjoys three exhibitions of £ 10 per annum, and also £ 0 10s. per annum, for a poor scholar from tiiis school. 4th. Cow- bridge.-Sir L. Jenkins, endowed this with dflO per annum, and also established two Fellowships, two Scholarships, and one Exhibition, at Jesus College Oxford, from this school. 5th. Haverfordwest.—This school is entitled alternately with Birmingham school to a Scholarship at Brasenose, Oxford, of the value of ES 133. 4d. Lastly, Ruthin.-Two Exhibitions of £ 22 10s. per annum each. Four Exhibitions of near f20 each, in either University. Twu Exhibitions for either University. Three Scholarships at St. Johns, Cambridge, from this school and Bangor. And, in 1622, Parry, Bishop of St. Asaph, left a rent charge of 1:6 p jr annum to Jesus College, Oxford, for the support of one scholar from the diocese of Asaph, pre. ference to his own hindted. So much for the schools, wo now come to the Colleges, of which there are three, viz.:—Trinity College, Cambridge; Jesus, Cam- bridge; and Jesus, Oxford. 1st. Trinitv College, Cambridge, four Exhibitions of £ 8 6s. each, to four scholars natives of North Wales. 2nd. Jesus, Cam- bridge, one Scho'arship for a native of Anglesea or Merioneth. 3rd. Jesus, Oxford, Fellowships in all 19, viz.: 8 by the founder without restriction; I by Dr. Griffith Llovd, in 1584, for the maintenance of a Follow (or Scholar) of his kindred; I by Griffith Powell, in 1620. for the maintenance of a Fellow; I by Oliver Lloyd, in 1635, for the maintenance of a Fellow out of Wales, to be nominated by the heir of his family; I by Stephen Rodway; 1 by King Charles the First, for a Fellow born in the islands of Guernsey or Jersey; 1 by David Parry, for a native of the County of Cardigan, Carmarthen, or Pembroke; 2 by William Backhouse, in 1661, for two Fellows expert in the Welsh Language; 3 by Sir L. Jenkins without particular restrictions. Seliolirs[iips 8 by the founder; 2 by Herbert Westphaling, "with preference to his blood;" 2 by Henry Row- lands, from the schools at Bangor or Beaumaris, with preference to his kindred; ] by Owen Wood, for a scholar, preference to his own blood; 2 by T. Reddricke, for the support of two scholars, of the county of Carmarthen; Four (exhibi- tions) from the grocers' company, tenable only till B.A.; I by Parry, for a scholar, from the school of Ruthin, preference to his kindred or a minister's son I by William Prichard, with preference to one of the family of Richard ap Davis ap Howell Vanghan, of Abergavenny, or, in default, to a native of that town; 1 for a scholar from the counties of Denbigh or Carl narvon; 2 by Sir J. Walter, 1630; 1 by R. Budde, for one scholar from St. David's; 2 by Lewis Owen, from Beaumaris school, preference to kindred; 2 by William Thomas, native of Brecon, for two scholars of his blood, in default to two scholars of Mon- mouth, or on failure there to two from the county of Brecknock; 2 from the Salters' Company for two scholars; 2 by T. Gwynne, for his own blood, in default for natives of Anglesea; and six more scholar- ships or exhibitions without particular restrictions. It is proper to state that for the four exhibitions ftont the Grocers' Company, candidates may app: y to the Company, and not to the College, as the appointment is made by the Company. (See Chartered Companies, p. 335.) I remain, Sir, yours obediently, AP IESTYN AP GWRGANT.