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FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. «
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. « FRANCE. The King of the French has resolved to retain the Mole ministry, and as a necessary accompaniment to this resolution, his Majesty has dissolved the Chamber of Deputies. After his Majesty had in vain tried to form a new ministry, this course became inevitable. The Chamber had virtually declared war with the Mole Cabinet, but when the King showed a disposition to replace that Cabinet, the heterogeneous factious of the opposition could supply no substitute. What was the King to do ? Obviously his Majesty must either govern without a Cabinet, which would not be consonant with the theory of a constitutional monarchy, or must govern by a Cabinet in opposition to one of his Chambers-a still more unconstitutional anomaly, or dissolve the refractory Chamber, as he has done. The character of the new Chamber may not differ materially from that of the last but the King has taken the right course to iro. prove it, by placing the factious opposition clearly and manifestly in the wroug. AMERICA. The Roval Williain steamer, has brought New ork papers to the 16th ult. The accounts from Canada are unsatisfactory, though no serious movemert had oc- curred. The disturbed state of the district of Terrebone had caused Colonel Wetherall to be dispatched with a body of troops to that quarter, and Sir John Colburne had found it necessary to reinforce the whole frontier line as far as the limited number of troops at his dis- posal would permit. The executions were proceeding at a rate which the Governor's known character for humanity prove to be suggested by a deep conviction that terrible examples are still required to repress the spirit of rebell ion. The New Orleans papers mention the complete defeat of the French expedition in an attempt to take posses- sion of Vera Cruz. The Mexican general, Santa Anna, is said, however, to have received upon the occasion a wound in the leg, so severe as to render amputation ne- cessary. BERBICE. The accounts from Berbice in the Demerara papers are of an unfavourable character with respect to the unwillingness of the negroes to labour, excepting on wages too high to be afforded, and when at work it is complained that their labour is very inefficient. It was feared that some portion of the crop must be lost through these causes. JAMAICA. The advices from Jamaica to the 26th December, com- municate the meeting of the new House of Assembly, the adherence of the members to the resolutions of the late House, and their consequent prorogation to the 5th of February by the Governor, Sir Lionel Smith. After his Excellency's reply to the Address a disturbance took place in the house, in consequence of the Provost Mar- shal General attempting to force his way into the assein. bly, in order to summon the house to attend in the Council Chamber to hear the order for prorogation pre- vious to the entry of the reply on the minutes. The result was the expulsion of the Provost Marshal General and an angry discussion, in the course of which the ex- pelled official attempted three times to summon the house-a measure which was not accomplished until after a division on a resolution to the effect That the conduct of the Provost Marshal General, in attempting to force an entrance into the house with violence, after the closing of the doors, is a breach of the privileges of the house." On the return of the members from the Council Chamber another discussion arose, regretting the tone of the Governor's sp ech, which was dwelt upon as likely to increase rather than allay, the excite- ment which already existed oa the questions at issue between the Government and the House of Representa- tives. Quiccncss, however, continued to prevail in the island.
IRELAND. COUNTY OF TIL'PERARY.—ONE OF THE MURDERERS OF MR COOPER. It is well known that there were four persons at the murder of Messrs. Cooper and Wayland; that two of them have been convicted; that the third (John Ryan Corbett) died in gaol, that the fourth (Thomas Ryan Mungo) has not been amenable to justice; but it is a fact little known and scarcely credible, that Ryan Mungo, dressed in female attire, attended the funeral of his de- ceased relative and associate in guilt, Ryan Corbett, from the gaol of Clonmel, and that he was actually listening in the same disguise, to the rial of Hickey and Walshe, at the late commission, immediately after which he left the town for some lone retreat. This is a forcible instance of the recklessness and daring temerity of the Irish character.-N, nagh Guardian. COUNTY OF LIMERICK. DARING ATTACK ON THE HOUSE OF THE REV. GEO. FRANKLIN, AT KILDIMo,-A.t an early hour en Tuesday evening last the glebe-house of the Rev. George Franklin, situate at Kildimo, a few miles from this city, was at. tacked by an armed party of men, shortly after Mr Franklin's return from Limerick, where he had been during the day. Eight men, one of whom had his face blackened, entered the kitchen by means of the back door, which was open at the time, and immediately demanded the fire-arms, at the same time attacking an unfortunate horse-rider, who was sitting by the kitchen fire, and struck him several times; but one of the party havjnir rpi-nanijcd .him, interfered, and -1 '•••» «TUi ins master in -» wiio was eating his dinner when the pany entered, sprung from his seat and demanded what they wanted, on which one of the ruf. fians struck hiin with a stone and cut him, though not severely. Three of the party then remained in the kitchen, and the other five attempted to go up stairs, but the women servants endeavoured to prevent them, and the Rev. Mr Franklin, hearing the struggle on the back stairs, went out into the hall to inquire what was the matter, on which the servants exclaimed, The house is full of Whitcboys." Mr Franklin now asked them "what they wanted?" and they immediately replied "fire-arms" and rushed into the hall. Mr Franklin desired them not to he so violent, when one of the ruf- fians rushed forward and struck Mr Franklin (wlio is between 70 and 80 years of age) in the breast, near the shoulder, with a stone, and knocked him against the wall, on which he said, What! will you strike an old man, and a minister of God '?" This appeal had some effect, as the others of the party cried out No, no" and the fellow who struck him retired to the rear. Mr franklin seeing that resistance was impossible, in reply to their repeated demand for arms, informed them that the only arms in the house were a gun belonging to a neighbouring farmer, which his son, the late George Franklin, Esq., had borrowed for protection, and an old cut down musket. Having accompanied Mr Franklin's daughter up stairs, they procured these and an old gnn- stock, with which they departed Whilst this was going on, the servant, bleeding as lie was, attempted to get out to the police-station, which is not more than a quarter of a mile distant, when immediately on getting outside the back-door, lie received a blow of some weapon in the face, and was pushed in by two men who were stationed outside. The village of Old Kildimo is not 50 yards from Mr Franklin's residence, and it is but a few nights since the house of Mr Fosbery, in the same vicinity, was attacked and plundered of arms.—Limerick Standard. IRISH METROPOLITAN CONSERVATIVE SOCIETY. Monday evening, at the usual hour, the members of this society met at their rooms, 19, Dawson Street, Mr W. Croker King in the chair. Prayers being read, and the usual routine business of the society having been gone through, Mr Stokes rose to move the following resolution "Resolved,—That a committee be appointed to pre- pare a petition to the House of Commons, praying the discontinuance of the annual grant to that nurse'ry of immorality and sedition, the Roman Catholic College at Maynooth, and that we invite the Protestants of the empire to co-operate with us in that object." LORD OXMANTOWN.—This nobleman was sworn in as high sheriff of the King's County on Monday. THE O'CONNELL TRIBUTE.—The tribute this year is, notwithstanding all that has been said to the contrary, much less than upon any former occasion, the trades- men having declined to contribute. ACTION FOR LiBLL.-Tlie present Earl of Norbury is about to institute legal proceedings against the Reqister and Pilot for libelling his character in connection with the murder of his father. There are fourteen persons now in custody for the murder of Lord Norbury. PROTESTANT MUNIFICENCE.—With feelings both of pride and pleasure, we are enabled to lay before our numerous Conservative readers one of the most splendid statements of Protestant munificence on record, in the history of Ireland. On the day of the great meeting in the town of Belfast, held for the purpose of devisinc means for the further extension of church accommoda- tion throughout Ireland, the following sums were instantly subscribed, which sums, it will be superfluous to add, will be increased fifty fold ere the subscription list has travelled through the two Protestant counties of Antrim and Down :-The Marquis of Hertford, xlooo d Marquis of Donegal, £ 300; Lord Dufferin, £ 200 Lord Dungannon, £ 100; Lord Bishop of Down and Connor, £ 100; Sir Robert Bateson, M.P., £ 300; Samuel Fenton, t300; Colonel Waid, fIOO; George Langtry, £ 100; James Goddart, £ 100; William Tranor, Eloo. Anonyinous,,EIOO Rev. Mr Bland, EIOO Rev. John Cliaui-ie,,EIOO I J. Gitussen, _CIOO J. Crosby, £ 100; J. Shannon, tlOO; John Tunley, £ 200 Robert Thomp- son, £ 100; Captain 15oyd, £ 100; Samuel Nelson, £ 100 exclusive of £ 1200 in minor sums. the particulars of which we have not space to enumerate, constituting a grand total of £ 4900. Let Pro'estant Ulster put forth her gigantic means, in men and money; then, in a good cause, what shall withstand her mighty energies Drogheda Conservative.
FEMALE SLAVERY.—SHIRT AND…
FEMALE SLAVERY.—SHIRT AND STAY-MAKING. —An enormous quantity of these articles are made in the two parishes of Portsmouth and Porlsea, to the manifest detriment of the poor-rates and the morals of the females employed, and which detri- ment and demoriilisation arise from the infamous and unjustly-low prices given for the work per- formed. The best workers cannot obtain 2s. a week, though they work early and late, and the fact will scarcely be credited, that a dozen of sea- men's shirts are made for 10d.; and even this price has been known to be withheld on the allegement that work is bad A better article, called yacht hirt. with full bosoms and stitched collars and I cufN, are made for 2s. 4d. per dozen. At these prices the wretched females cannot earn more than 2d. a-day.- Hampshire Telegraph,
IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. TUESDAY, FEB. 5. The business of the second Session of Parliament during the reign of her present Majesty, was opened to-day by a Speech from the Throne. The doors of the House of Lords were opened at 12 o'clock for the admission of Peeresses, and others who had obtained tickets of admission from the Lord Great Chamberlain to the body of the house and painted gallery and shortly after that time the equi- pages of the nobitity and gentry began to arrive in rapid succession. No lady was admitted into the body of the house except in full court dress. The Yeomen of the Guard, in their splendid uni- forms, arriveil at the House of Lords at 11 o'clock, and took their stations in the lobby leading to the Painted Chamber. In St Margaret's Church-yard, Parliament-street, and along the line of road through which the royal procession passed, seats and platforms were erected as usual, and considerable interest existed to obtain a view of our youthful Sovereign. Her Majesty was enthusiastically received by the assembled crowd throughout the whole of her progress from Bucking- ham Palace to the House of Lords. Shortly before two o'clock a discharge of cannon announced that her Majesty, accompanied by the Great Officers of State and the Household, had left the Palace, and was proceeding to the House of Lords. The line through which the procession passed was lined with two regiments of the Guards. .###ø.## HOUSE OF LORDS. The Queen arrived at the House of Lord? about two o'clock, which was announced by a discharge of cannon. Shortly afterwards Her Majesty, attended by the Great Officers of State, entered the house, and took her scat on the throne. The Foreign Ambassa- dors wore the full costumes of the countries they represented. Her Majesty having directed their lordships to be seated, The Lord Chancellor directed the Usher of the Black Rod to summon the Commons to hear her Majesty's Speech on the opening of parliament. In a few minutes the Commons appeared at the bar, headed by the Speaker. The space below the bar was crowded with members. After silence had been obtained, her Majesty in a clear and audible voice read the following most gracious Speech;-
MKRTHYR TYDVlL, AND BRECON,
MKRTHYR TYDVlL, AND BRECON, February 9, 1S39. 410 The Speech of our gracious QUEr--N,-or ra- ther, the Speech of Ministers, graciously read by Her MAJETTY, at the opening of the Session, is this dav beforr. nnr renders Holding the opinion, that in these days of "words, words, words," it is the wiser course so to arrange this pro forma affair as may he least likely to furnish excuse for unmeaning,and generally issueless debates, we should be the last to quarrel with it, because it meant nothing. To us (under existing circumstances) this seems to constitute the beau ideal of a Queen's Speech. There may, however, be omission of allusion to certain given subjects or there may be gross injustice iu the notices of others, which call for a few remarks. Such seems to be the case in the present instance. We are not, it is true, among the disappointed ones respecting there beiii, no allusioil to the marriage of Her MAJESTY* But we cannot al- low this opportunity to pass, without expressing our disgust at the unseemly manner, in which the Radical portion of the Metropolitan Press have lately been disporting themselves on this topic. The Marriage of Her Majesty is in truth no such light affair, as to be treated with no more respect and consideration than the ques- tion whether Lord MELBOURNE should continue his cook in olfice or not. On it, under Provi- dence, depends very much of the welfare of this great nation. On it depends the happiness of our beloved Monarch. With respect to the for- mer, whether the choice shall fall on one who is a Protestant at heart, a Protestant in name only, a disguised Papist, or a Papist altogether, the cause of Truth, in its most holy and enlarged acceptation, may receive a check, or may be immeasurably advanced. This then is no mat- ter for a nine days' talk, or a nine days' won- der; but for deeper thoughts, and better de- sires, than apparently actuate the II Liberal" Press. It is a fact also, that the intention of Her Majesty, personally to open the present Session, has been publicly known for some time; and yet, in the face of this, the Sun and other equally reputable prints, would have it that the Speech would contain allusion to this delicate siil)jet,t pJ'(. pudor! But what will the Manch 'ster Orators, lately so eloquent on the Corn Law Question say, when they fi/id that Ministers have not deigned one word respecting their present hobby ? But though we care not a jot about its omission, does it not strike every man possessed of a grain of common sense, what a precious set of shufHers hold the helm of state. One writes a letter to his constituents, holding out the bait of hii in- dividual opinion" in favour of the Anli-nten; evidently for no other purpose than to set them a-guesssing what the Cabinet would do; when lo they do just nothing. In this decision they are to be applauded: but the mode by which they make their decision known, is meanness it- self. In spite of them, nevertheless, the ques- tion will be raised before the Session is many days old but we are confident the good sense of the Legislature will prevail, and that the ex- isting Laws will yet be preserved inviolate. We are not disposed to travel through the whole Speech, paragraph by paragraph. Nei- ther do we think the patience of our readers would follow us. We must observe, however, that no similar document for years has presented so gloomy a prospect with regard to our Foreign and Colonial relations, as the present. Even the credit of that which is good in this depart- ment, belongs not to Ministers. Witness their treatment of Mr UKQUHART, and that which he has eflected for his country. But the damning spot of all, is that wherein Justice to Ireland," peeps out; proving indis. -11:: C1';L, putably the utter depeiidance of the present officials on the most infamous man of the age,— O'CONNEI.L. There have been in that unhappy country, since the close of the last Session, crimes per- petratcd of the blackest hue. Murder has stalked forth and both in the blaze of noontide SlIn, alltl beneath the shades of tlie. blood offht; victims has moistened the earth. Deeds of darkness, of cruelty, and vice, have been committed with before unheard of, and frightful reiteration* The laws have been secretly evadedand openly contemned. A special commission has just closed its labours; con- signing some to ignominious death, and some to other (earful punishments: while the majority of the perpetrators of these horrid deeds still walk the earth, unmolested in their course of wickedness. No sum issuflicient, to induce the poorest peasant to give the slightest particle o' evidence, which might lead to the discovery of the murderers of Lord NOKBURY so complete and so general is the conspiracy What then have the Queen's Ministers to say on this awful state of tliitigs ? This The reform and amendment of the municipal corporations of Ireland are essential to the interests if that part oj our dominiolls." Not one word more on Ireland is to be found from the top to the bottom of the speech Incre- dible as this may seem at first sight, the half is not yet told. First, let us recall the sort of "reform and amendment of the municipal cor- porations of Ireland," which O'CONNELL sought. In one word, his object was to establish Nor- mal Schools of Agitation." These would have rendered his horrid and murderous machinery complete. In the next place, let us look to the state of England, and the manner in which it is spoken of, as completing the measure of Justice to Ireland," meted out in the precious production now under our notice. The torchlight meet- ings in the north, which, let it be remembered, led to no serious ill consequences, and have for some time ceased, are made the subject of pro- minent observation in the Royal Speech. Two reasons may be assigned for this. One, that having begun a State Prosecution, in which they are likely to fail, it was necessary to put the best face on the matter, merely to save appear- ances. Another reason is, that the English Radicals being the object of O'CONNELL'S bitter hatred, it was necessary for Ministers to grin at them also. There may be others, but these we believe to be the chief reasons why the present snarling curs shew their teeth on this occasion. Putting the whole together, we repeat in effect what we have already said,—Who will doubt that Ministers do not render O'Connell- itish justice to Ireland ? Gentlemen of the House of Commons what a "Budget" may you expect from the Chan- cellor of the Exchequer! Surely, surely the passage about the" eSlimates," "adequate provision" and so forth, will be the death of Jor. HUME! What! The speech contain no allusion to "reduction" in any shape, and yet her Majesty rely on JOSEPH'S loyalty and patriotism, i" Thank goodness we breathe once more. The vision of the coroner's inquest, and of the verdictjèlo de se, has passed away. JOSEPH can" vote black is white" to keep the Whig-Kadicals in, and the Conserva- tives out; and it is the Whig-Radicals who have brought the finances of the country to their nrppnt otofo
Since the remarks were written, which ap- pear in another part of our paper, respecting the Swansea Relieving Officer, we have received the following letter 1") THE EDITOR O¡,' THE GAZETTE AND GUARIHAN. SIR,—The Llanelly Board of Guardians having read in your paper, an article reflecting on the con- duct of Mr David Morgan, Relieving Olficer, beg to inform you that this person is attached to the Swansea Board, and not to that of Llanelly, as stated by mistake. By order of the Board, I am, Sir, youis obediently, WM. REES, Llanelly, Feb. 7th, 1839. Clerk. We have only to add, that the anxiety evinced by the Llanelly Board, to shew that no part of the odium of the lamentable proceedings we have commented on, can attach to them, does them infinite credit. It proves what we have already said, that there are those in the country who will administer the laws relating to the poor with moderation, and scorn to heccme their oppressors.
An Advertisement ill this day's paper, headed "Brecon County and Borough Savings' Bank," 11 will be read with much satisfaction by our Brecon friends. It reached us too late for us to do more than direct our readers' attention to it.
----_----THE CORN LAWS.
THE CORN LAWS. The writer of "a railway glance at the Corn 11 Laws" in Fraser\i Magazine for this month, con- cludes his remarks in the following words:— 1. That the present liiych price of corn arises from a general shortness of the crops throughout Europe; and that as "open ports, which exist at present, do not remove the evil, there can be no legislative remedy for it. One abundant year, and nothing else, will bring down wheat to its former level. 2. That anticipating that event, namely, that wheat may be again at 518. or 56s., there will re- main no grievance of dear bread" to be removed. 3. That the alleged necessity of buying corn of foreigners, in order to induce and enable them to buy our manufactures, exists in an equal degree in the case of our own people. If you leave the English farmer, and prefer to buy your corn of the Polish one, you will only gain a poor and doubtful, though a new customer, in the foreigner, by giving up, and sacrificing, a far better one in your own oountryman. 4. That if any supposed fall of prices, arising from the free admission of foreign corn, does not produce an equivalent fall of wages among our operatives. the master manufacturers will realise none of the advantages for which they are now coiitendiiig while, if such a fall of wages is pro- duced, then, not the workmen, but merely a few thousand millowners, will be benefited by the change. And, 5. That any large withdrawal of protection from the agriculturist, must be accompanied by an equal relinquishment of protection by the manufacturer and thus the only result will be, lower prices, lower wages, and worse fare to all the industrious classes, merely to please a few commission-agents, and to give a still further gain to the funded capitalist, the mortgagee, and the possessors of fixed incomes.
UNDER THE PATRONAGE OF LADY CHABLOTTS GUEST. On MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY Hth, Mil POPHAM has the lienor to announce his FINAL LECTUHE on the Heavenlv Bodies; to be followed by the DISSOLVING DIORAMA, exhibiting 800 square feet of Ephemeral and Illuminated British, Foreign, and Alpine Views. Mr Popham purposes Lecturing at Tredegar on Thursday next. Angel Inn, Merthyr, February 9th. HUGH JONES BEGS to announce that the SALE of the EFFECTS of the late Mrs ALLEN, BRECON, is fixed for THURSDAY, the 14th instant, and that he Will otter for alf, At Three o'Clock in the Afternoon of that day, a very compact, Town built, Four Wheel PONY C ARRIAGE, nearly new, with a Set of Double Harness. Brecon, February 6th, 1839. BRECONSHIRE. CAPITAL NAVY TIMBER FOR SALE. 1:0 lie Soltr bJ1 glucttott, By Mr IIUGH JONES, At the SUN INN, in the Town of BRECON, on WEDNESDAY, the 13th day of MARCH, 1839, at Five o'clock in the Afternoon, subject to such Con- ditions as will be then produced, MAIDEN OAK TIMBER TREES, OVf • standing on the VUNGLAS ESTATE, in the Parish of TALACHDDU, in the following Lots viz. LOT 1.—40 Oak Trees, marked with white paint, num- bered progressively, from I to 40, both inclusive. LOT 2.—60 Oak Trees, marked with white paint, num- bered progressively, from 41 to 100, both inclusive. LOT 3.-100 Oak Trees, marked with white paint, numbered progressively, from 101 to 200, both inclusive. LOT 4.-107 Oak Trees, marked with white paint, numbered progressively, from 201 to 307, both inclusive. The above mentioned Timber Trees are of large Dimensions and superior Quality, most of them being fit for Naval purposes and are distant about Five Miles from the Town of Brecon, from whence there is Water Carriage. Also, SIX large ORL TREES. Thomas Jones, of Penyquarrel, the Woodward, will shew the same, and further particulars may be obtained on application (if by letter, post paid) to the Auctioneer, or at the Offices of Messrs Jones and Powell, Solicitors, Brecon. BRECON COUNTY de. BOROUGH SAVINGS' SANK. WE, the undersigned, being TRUSTEES and MANAGERS of the above Savings' Bank, having observed in the Silurian Journal, of the 26th ult., an anonymous and insidious attack upon the conduct of the Actuary, Mr Hugh Jones, think it right publicly to state that, having attended as Trustees and Managers, we have had repeated opportunities of witnessing his conduct, and that he has uniformly discharged the duties of his office with the utmost fidelity, regularity, and attention. We think it right to add that, the Gratuity of £ V00 to Mrs Parry was made out of the Surplus Fund, a Fund which the Depositors have only a conditional claim to, that the present Actuary had nothing to do with the grant, but that it was voted by the Trustees and Managers at their Public General An- nual Meeting, (held after a month's notice, given in the Silurian newspaper), under the powers vested in them and with the sanction of the Commissioners for the Reduc- tion of the National Debt. With respect to the published Account, the same is annually prepared by Mr Williams, the Accountant of the Institution, and by him submitted to the Trustees and Managers at the General Meetings —the Actuary having nothing to do with the preparing of it. Dated this 2nd day of February, 1839. PENRY WILLIAMS, Penpont LANCELOT MORGAN THOMAS VAUGHAN, Clerk RICHARD DAVIES, Archdeacon JOHN JONES, Glanlionddu HENRY MAYBERY SAMUEL CHURCH, Frwdgrech GEORGE UEES BEVAN WILLIAM NORTH, Clerk JOHN POWELL WM. ROWLANDS, Clerk WM. HENRY PARKER WM. WI'\STO',E JAMES WHKELER JOHN WILLIAMS, Clerk JOHN JONES, Clerk. Monmouthshire & Glamorgan- shire BflnWinor C\r\-rr• HALF-YEARLY MEETING. AT the FIFTH HALF-YEARLY GENERAL MTETING of the PROPRIETORS held at the KING'S HEAD HOTEL, NEWPORT, on MONDAY the Fourth of FEBRUARY, 1839,— PHILIP JONES, Esq., of Llanarth Court, in the Ctiair,- The following Report of the Board of Directors was read No change of any material importance has taken place in the affairs of the Company, since the last general meeting, to call for any lengthened observations on the part of the Directors. They cannot, however, refrain from again congratulating the shareholders, on the steadily increasing prosperity of the bank. In this, nearly all the former branches have partIcipated- whilst the new establishments at Swansea and Bridgend, have realisedthe expectations that induced the Direc- tors to open them. The profits of the half year, after making due pro- vision for bad debts, the preliminary expences of the two branches above named, the cost of erecting the new Bank House at Tredegar Iron Works, and of repairing, enlarg- ing, and improving the premises of the head office here, will enable the directors to divide £5 per cent. for the half year ending the 31st December last, (being at the usual rate of £10 per cent. per annum), and to place (:3000 to the reserve surplus fund. This now amounts to £ 12,000, rapidly advancing to a sum sufficient to pro- tect us against any sudden or unforeseen losses, and to guarantee a uniform rate of dividend. The price given for the Cardiff Bank has now been fully paid out of the premiums on the sale of shares! and it is probable that the Company's proportion on those remaining to be sold will be almost equal to the discharge of the greater part of the purchase mouey paid to Messrs. Jones's and Davies, for the Monmouth and Abergavenny Banks. The interests of Joint Stock Banks have been seriously prejudiced by the uncertain and imperfect state of the laws affecting them. Steps have, however, been taken to ensure early attention from the Legislature to these defects; and we may confidently hope that, during the approaching: session of Parliament, every- thing connected with these vast interests will be placed upon that firm and sound basis which they have a right to expect and demand. "The unanimity at present existing on this subject amongst the Joint Stock Banks, and from which many beneficial results may be anticipated, is to be mainly attributed to the spirited exertions and energy of Mr Blewitt, our Managing Director. It must be gratifying to you, as it is to the Board, to find him taking so pro- minent a part in an operation of such general utility and importance. The present state of the foreign exchanges demands great caution and circumspection and, whilst they continue adverse, they will receive from the Directors the most watchful attention. The commercial propects of our own neighbourhood are extremely tiatteriiig the mining, agricultural, and shipping interests are flourishing; capital is daily How- ing into the district: and all that now seems wanting to secure a continuation of our prosperity is, judgment to conduct, and prudence to restrain enterprise within its proper and legitimate channels. This, as far as in them lies, shall be the object of the anxious care of the Directors. By order of the Board, "PHILIP JONES, Chairman. Head Office, Newport, Feb. 4th, 1839." It was then resolved, on the motion of Thomas Powell, Fsq of the Gaer, seconded by E. 11. PI il ips, Esq., of Pontypool, That the Report of the Directors now read be adopted and confirmed; and that the grateful thanks of the Meeting are due, and are hereby offered, to the Directors, for the successful results that have been produced by their management of the Com- pany's affatrs." Mr Jones having left the Chaii, the thanks of the Meeting were unanimously voted to him, for his conduct therein.
PRESERVATION OF FLOUK.—A verv strong com- pression of flour, in rectangular moulds, is said by M. Hobineau to preserve it both from damp and from insects. The bran must not be separated from it before it is pressed. A cake of flour, thus prepared, •,vns placed by him in a very damp cellar, from which it was taken at the end of six weeks, without any alteration. Another was put into some flour infected with insccts, and after remaining there for eight days, it had acquired the unpleasant smell of the spoiled flour, which it retained for a long time, but the insects had not attacked it. ACCIDENT DURING THE ROYAL PROCESSION.— The police having received orders to remove all persons standing on the iron raiiiiig, in front of Wliiteball, were proceeding in the execution of their duty, when a gentleman in endeavouring to descend became impaled OD oue of the spikes, which ractured his thigh.
THE QUEEN'S SPEECH.
THE QUEEN'S SPEECH. My Lords and Gentlemen, I rejoice to meet you again in Parliament. I am particularly desirous of recurring to your advice and assistance at a period when many matters of great importance demand your serious and deliberate attention. I continue to receive from Foreign Powers gratifying assurance of their desire to maintain with me the most friendly relations. 1 have concluded with the Emperor of Austria a treaty of commerce, which I trust will extend and improve the intercourse between my subjects and those of the Emperor. 1 have also concluded a treaty of the same kind with the Sultan, calculated to place the commercial relations between my dominions and the Turkish empire upon a better and more secure footing. It I have directed copies of these treaties to be laid before you. "I have been engaged, in concert with Austria, France, Prussia, and Russia, in negociations, with a view to a final settlement of the differences between Hollan(I and Belgium. A definitive treaty of peace, founded upon anterior arrangements which have been acceded to by both par- ties, has in consequence been proposed to the Dutch and Belgian governments. I have the satisfaction to inform you that the Dutch government has already signified to the Conference its acceptance of that treaty, and I trust that a similar announcement from the Belgian govern- ment will put an end to that disquietude which the present unsettled state of these affairs has necessarily produced. This unanimity of the Five Allied Powers affords a satisfactory security for the preservation of peace. 1 lament the continuance of the civil war in Spain, which engages my anxious and undiminished attention. Differences which have arisen have occasioned the retirement of my minister from the Court of Teheran. I indulge, however, the hope of learning that a satis- factory adjustment of these differences will allow of the re^estrhlioting of friendship. Events connected with the same differences have induced the Governor General of India to take measures for protecting British interests in that quarter of the world, and to enter into engagements, the fulfilment of which may render military operations necessary. For this purpose such preparations have been made as may be sufficient to resist aggressions from anv quarter, and to maintain the integrity of my eastern dominions. "The reform and amendment of the municipal cor- porations of Ireland are essential to the interests of that part of our dominions* It is also urgent that you should apply yourselves to the prosecution and completion of those maxims which have been recommended by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners of England, for the purpose of increas- ing the efficiency of the Established Church, and of confirming its hold upon the affections of the people. "The better enforcement of the law and the more speody and certain administration of justice, are of the I first importance to the welfare of this community, and I feel assured that you will be anxious to devote your- selves to the examination of the measures which will be submitted to you for the purpose of attaining these beneficial results. Gentlemen of the I-lotiqe of Comnwns, "I have directed the annual estimates to be prepared and laid before you. Adhering to the principles of economy, which it is my desire to enforce in every department of the State, I feel it my duty to recommend that adequate provision be made for the exigencies of the public service. I fully rely on your loyalty and patriotism which are essential to the strength and security of the country. My Lords and Gentlemen, "It is with great satisfaction that I am enabled to inform you that throughout the whole of my West Indian possessions the period fixed by law for the final and complete emancipation of the negroes has been anticipated by acts of the colonial legislature, and that the transition from the temporary system of apprentice- ship to entire freedom has taken place without any disturbance of public order and tranquillity. Any measures which may be necessary in order to give full effect to this great and beneficial change will, I have no doubt, receive your careful attention. I have to acquai.it you, with deep concern, that the province of Lower Canada has again been disturbed by insurrection, and that hostile incursions have been made into Upper Canada by certain lawless inhabitants of the United States of North America. These viola- tions of the public peace have been promptly suppressed by the valour of my forces and the loyalty of my Canadian subjects. The President of the United States has called upon the citizens of the Union to abstain from proceedings so incompatible with the friendly relations which subsist between Great Britain and the United States. I have directed full information upon all these matters to be laid before you, and I recom- mend the present state of these provinces to your serious consideration. I rely upon you to support my firm de- termination to maintain the authority of my Crown, and I trust that your wisdom will adopt such measures as will secure to those parts of my empire the benefit of internal tranquillity, and the full advantages of their own great national resources. I have observed with pain the persevering efforts which have beeiv made in some parts of the country to excite my subjects to disobedience and resistance to the law, and to recommend dangerous and illegal practices. For the counteraction of all such designs I depend upon the efficacy of the law, which it will be my duty to enforce upon the good sense and right disposition of my people, upon their attachment to the principles of justice, and their abhorrence of violence and disorder. I confidently commit all these great interests to your wisdom, and I implore Almighty God to assist and prosper your councils." Immediately after the Queen bad left the House of Lords, a conversation took place between the Earl of Durham and Lord Melbourne, on the sub- ject of the information to be laid on the table of the House with respect to Canada. Lord LOVELACE, in moving the address, ad- verted in a very marked manner to the effect of the Corn Laws. His Lordship spoke of the unfortunate operation of laws affecting the importation of corn. He, however, justified Ministers for not introducing the question intq the speech from the Throne. Lord VERNON seconded the address, much in the same strain. The Duke of RICHMOND expressed his dissent from many of the observa iionii IV h ic Ii had been made by the noble mover and seconder: He was one of those who looked with great regret at the endea- vours which were making in many parts of the country to set the manufacturers against the agri- culturists. (Loud cheers.) He was wel 1 convinced that if the Corn Laws were repealed, the agricul- tural interest of Great Britain must go to inevitable ruin (loud cheers); and that in their ruin they would be accompanied by the manufacturers of the country- (Vehement cries of Hear, hear, hear "') He should like to see the manufacturer who could stand when deprived of the home market of England." Lord WINCHILSEA endeavoured, by connect- ing the Ministry with the sentiments uttered by the noble mover and seconder, to taunt them into a declaration of the course they intended to pursue with regard to the Corn Laws. Lord MELBOURNE said, that the Corn Laws had been, ever since the formation of the present Government, an entirely open question—aquestion on which all the various members of the Govern inent had formed their own distinct opinions, and had ever acted according to those opinions. Unquestionably, my Lords, I believe that the ma- jority of these gentlemen arefavourable to a change in the present system Lord BROUGHAM condemned in strong terms the practice of Governments making open questions, and observed that thedeviation from the established principle in the case of the Catholic question was not attended with results which entitled it to a favourable consideration. The DUKE of WELLINGTON rejoiced in the commercial treaty with Austria, and the improve ments in our commercial and other relations with the Ottoman Porte. The Noble Duke entered at great length into the affairs of Canada, and con- demned in strong terms the disgraceful conduct of the United States. My Lords," said his Grace, the system of private war which prevails on the American frontier is unknown in any other part of the vorld." He added:—"It appears to me emi- nently necessary that some measures should be taken to induce the Government of the United States to put in operation some effectual steps for the suppression of these outrageous proceedings. Let tiit House look to the history of the invasion of Texts-let the House consider the consequences of thai invasion. Lord MELBOURNE, while he did justice to the intentions of the American Government, said that, considering the character of the Government, there were se-ious difficulties to be overcome, however, he trusted "that an end will be put to this wild spirit, -viiieh is as dangerous to their neighbours as it is discreditable to these citizens of the United States." Lord IWDEN intimated that he should (unless anticipated) bring forward on an early day a motion on the sttte of Ireland. Lord HARDWICKE also gave notice, that he should onTuesday next call the attention of the House to Üe state of the British navy. Lord SHAFTESBURY was appointed chairman of committtes. ,#<# HOUSE OF COMMONS. Mr R. SMITH and Mr A. MURRAY took the oaths and their seats,—the former for Chipping Wycombe, in the room of the Hon. Robert Smith, who has succeeded to the title of his father as Lord Carrington, and the latter for Kirkcudbright, in the room of the Right Hon. Cutlar Fergusson deceased. New writs were ordered for various places (vide Guardian, of last week.) The following notices of motion were given Lord John Russell, for bills for the better ordering of prisons, for the better regulation of county courts, for the enlargement of the summary juris- diction of justices, and for carrying into effect the recommendation of the Ecclesiastical Commis- sioners Mr Vernon Smith, for the appointment of a committee on church leases; the Attorney Gene- ral, for a bill to amend the law relative to the registration ofparliatnentary electors; Lord Mahon, a resolution that the tribunal for the trial of con- troverted elections ought not to consist of members of Parliament; Mr Villiers, that evidence be received at the bar of the Home with the view of removing all restrictions on the importation of foreign grain; Mr Wallaee, for a committee to inquire into the mode of administering justice in Scotland, and for two bills for the better regulation of salmon fisheries; Mr Serjeant Talfourd, for a bill to amend the law of copyright; Mr Ilandley, for a bill to facilitate drainilge in England and VVales.MriJfcwes, for a bill to gub&ti'Hlf q-,F, ie into the USury s; Mr Brotherion, a resolution that no new business which is likely to create a lengthened debate shall he taken after 12 o'clock at night; Sir C. Sugden, for a bill for the better protection of purchasers of property against Crown claims and commissions of bankruptcy; Sir T. Freemantle, for a bill to amend the law relative to the trial of controverted elections Mr F. Maule, for bills to amend the law relative to prison dis- cipline in Sootland, and the law relating to the employment of children in factories Mr J. Gratlan, a resolution on the present system of education in Ireland. Mr BULLER moved the address, Mr WOOD in seconding it assured the House, under the head of Irish Municipal Reform, that such a measure was now the only remaining requisite to make the state of things in Irelaud quite perfect. He laid before the House too, some returns which had come to his possession as president of the Manchester Chamber of Commerce, which show an extraordi- nary improvement of the year 1838 upon the four years preceding It. with Respect to British exports, manufactures, and shipping. Mr T. DUNCOMBE proposed an amendment to the address in the shape ot an addition, acquainting Her Majesty that the Reform Bill had totally dis- appointed the expectations of the people; that it could not possibly be a final measure and that the House would take into its early consideration the means of amending the representation of the people. Mr WARD seconded the amendment. Lord EUSTON (the heir apparent of the Duke of Grafton) thought reform should go further, and blamed the omission of the Corn question in the Queen's speech. Mr HANDLEY said the present system might be one of monopoly, but he thought it a monopoly that benefited all classes. Nlr I-IUNIC rated Lord John Russell for having talked about the finality of the Reform Bill. Mr BMO fH Eli I ON explained monopoly to be the "robbing of somebody else." Mr G. H EATHCO1 L observed, that a free trade in corn would require a free trade in everything else-a doctrine which, he believed, some of the opponents of the present law might find very incon- venient at their elections. Mr JAMES would support the reforms pointed at in the amendment, but was too loyal to adopt them in an address to her Majesty. Mr O'CONNELL professed his resolution to vote for this amendment. Sir R. PEEL took a favourable view of the treaties with Austria and Turkey, which did but follow out the principle of the treaty made by Lord Aberdeen in 1829; and a short but masterly survey of the state ■ of the Bi-itisli interests in India, on which he thought that Government, if they hoped to escape censure, should give full explanations. He enforced the necessity ot a decisive course with respect to Canada, that our loyal brethren there might know whether they were to expect support in their great and gallant efforts; and animad- verted upon the insufficiency ot the restraints which the American Government had imposed upon its marauding borderers. He then proceeded to deal with Mr Wood's arithmetical returns, and thanked that gentleman for having proved (as the Right Hon. Baronet humorously pretended to think he had, observing too, that the evidence was the more valuable as coming from the President of the Man- chester Chamber of Commerce) that the manufac- turing and shipping interests were in a state too prosperous to need any change in the Corn Laws. He trusted that, under such clrcumstances, the House would pause before they agitated so momen- tous a question. Fe finally adverted to the pro- posed amendment, reminding the House of the bill, the whole bill, and nothing bUI the bill," and inquiring what reception he should have met with when the Reform cry was at its height, if he had ventured to prophesy that in eight years from that time the great measure which was to tranquillize and satisfy everbody would be disclaimed as futile and insufficient, and that delegates would be sitting in London to do the duties of the incompetent House of Commons produced by the Reform Act. Mr C. VILLERS described the returns furnished by Mr Wood as miserable and fallacious. There was not the inconsistency, however, which Sir R. Peel had assumed. The commodities produced by manual labour were really beaten out of the foreign markets the show of exports was produced from the articles fabricated by machinery. Lord J. RUSSELL touched lightly upon the Bel- gian and Indian paragraphs of the speech; averred the determination of Ministers to uphold the consti- tuted authorities in Canada; and offered some ex- cuse for the American Government on the score of the executive weakness in the United States, He then came to deal with the question of the Corn Laws. In 1828, though he even then preferred the principle of a lIIoderac fixed duty, he had thought it 1-illht to support that which is uow the law, because at all events it was a great improvement on the state of the law preceding. But in 1839 he thought the time was come for considering whether the existing law had answered its purpose, and without sityiii; that it would be necessary to institute a new inquiry, by the examination „f evideue lie t<*lt it due to a LlI'g'l bod.v of;h!? coun!n' to b"SI()W a full con"¡<ra- tion on the subject. He then proceeded to deal with the amendment. He objected to its vagueness, and said, that if any Member would move a repeal of the Reform Act, he himself would be ready to dis- cuss its principles, and shew why it ought not to be changed; not niel-ely from disiilte Io pcrpeiu.il change, though thut too was, to his mind, a reason- able objection, but because he deemed the principles of the act to be the right ones. Mr C. BULLER courted inquiry into the adminis- tration of the Lord High Commissioner Durham. The House then divided oa Jlr Duncombe's amendment, when there al)peai,ed for it, 86; against it, 42G. ."# The House of Commons on Wednesday was chiefly engaged with conversations of little interest, notices of motion, and the bringing up of the report on the address. A discussion ensued upon the latter, which we shall detail more fully next week. The report was ultimately agreed to. The House of Lords met on Thursday at 12 o'clock and afterwards proceeded to Buckingham Palace, for the purpose of presenting to her Majesty the address agreed to, in answer to her Majesty's most gracious speech on the opening of Parliament.
TO CORRESPONDENTS. Thanks for our Swansea Correspondent's very precise information. He may take time. Received, KAPHAEL, with enclosure. Very many thanks, and best wishes for his speedy recovery. Can any friend or subscriber favour the Publisher with a copy of the Guardian for Dec. 2'2,1838 ? It would be of no use to him unless allowed to keep it. A LAYMAN (Kington) expresses our own opinion exactly and if he turns to our last week's paper, he will see that we have acted on that opinion. Others have expressed the same in our columns, and we have not failed ourselves to support their view of the subject. Will FUDGE oblige us by informing our Correspondent that pressings-overwhelming engagements, have prevented our replying to the last communication ? We hope to do so in a day or two. No..476 Deco, from Bridgend, reached us,—" We do nut approve" of more than half what is named. Will an Advertiser turn to our first column ? He will find there the regular scale of charges. Our Subscribers in rrRF.DF.G R a,d the imlftediate neigh- bourhood are resptctfullg informed, that our Collecting Clerk will wait upon them for their respective Accounts, on Monday next. FAIRS FOR THE ENSUING WEEK. Glanwrganshi,re.- Llititrisieiit, Wednesday 13; Newbridge, Thursday 14. Monmouthshire.— Caerleon, Monday 11. 3 Cardiganshire.—Cardigan, Wednesday 13; Llandys- soll, Monday 11. Car lizarthensh ire. -Wtlite House on Tave, Wednes- day 13. Pembrokeshire. Carew, Thursday 14 Camros, Wednesday 13.
|LORD CHATHAM AND THE CORN…
LORD CHATHAM AND THE CORN LAWS. In one of Lord Chatham's speeches, made in the year 1775, the following passage occurs, which, at the present moment, ought to be printed ill letters of gold — Tradf, indeed, increases the wealth and glory of a countril but its real strength and stamina are to be looked for among the cultivators of the land: in their simplicity of life is found the simplcness of nrfue the integrity and courage of freedom. These truet genuine sons of the earth arc invincible and they surround and hem in thn mercantile bodies; even ij those bodies, which supposition I totally dis- claim, could be supposed disaffected to the cause oj libeity." u- THE CORN LAWS.—These two facts connected with tile Corn Law cry ought not to be lost sight of: -One is, t hat in t he manufacturing districts whe re the cry has been most powerfully raised, it has not been responded to. And the other, that as yet nobody has appeared in snpport of the cry, except those men who either in Parliament, or out of Par- liament have, during the whole of their political lives, heon remarkable for their furious advocacy of principles which the main body of the People begin to think are not the best calculated to ensure the public welfare. The Duke of Norfolk is said to have express- ed himself in no very obliging terms to Lord Mel- bourne on the repeal of the corn laws being made a ministerial question- The Duke, perhaps, thinks that the chance of losing one-half of the income produced from his estates is rather too much for party sac ri flee.- lioi-ming Herald. RAILWAY STANDI\G OHDEKS.—W^understand there is great probability that the 10 per cent. deposit will be reduced to 5. It will certainly be of great service to good and sound speculations, and may still be made so stringent as to destroy those infamous concerns that are got up to plunder the public. If we had the drawing up of an order of this sort, we should not be afraid of its being eviided.-II(tilicay Ilagaziie. MK DANIEL WHITTLE HARVEY OUT OF OFFICE. —The Hon. Member has just addressed a letter to his con-titutents, the electors of Southwark, ac- quainting them with the startling fact that he has resigned his office. This determination was taken, as he informs them, in consequence of the legal opinions of Sir William Follett and Mr Austin, to the effect that the office ot registrar of hackney coaches 1, came within the scope and intendment of the statute of Anne, and disqualified him from sitting or voting in parliament." Mr Harvey justifies his acceptance of the patronage of govern- ment, in the first instance, upon the ground that he did not affept to despise the emoluments of office." A meeting of the subscribers to the Oxford memorial was holden on the 31st of January in the Town-hall, to determine whether a new Church should be erected in combination with the memorial of Cranmer, Ridley, and Latimer. Dr. Mackbi idge, Principal of Magdalen-hall, was called to the chair, and was supported by the Vice-Chancellor and, the Warden of New College. Several heads of colleges were present, and the meeting was numerously at. tended by members of the University and inhabi- tants. After several able speeches were made, discussing1 the subject, it was resolved by a great majority that a Church should be combined with the memorial, and therefore the sums subscribed for each will be consolidated. THE LATE REV. HUGH JAMES ROSE—KING'S COLLEGE, LONDON.—The subjoined is a copy of a minute ofthc Council of this Institution, in reference to the decease of the late Principal of the Collegg The Council, having been informed of the death of the Rev. Hugh James Rose, late Principal of the College, which event took place at Florence on the 22 of December last, are desirous of expressing the deep concern with which they have received this intelligence, and of recording their grateful sense of the conscientious and efficient manner in which their late lamented Principal discharged the duties of his office, while bearing up against the pressure of an enfeebled constitution and failing health. Valuable as were the services for which this Institution was indebted to him, the Council are well aware that they formed but a part of those which his great talents, his varied learning, his ardent piety, and his unwearied energy, enabled him to render to the Church at large, to the interests of sound learning, and to the cause of religious education." The Amsterdam correspondent of the Con- stitutionnel writes on the 25th ult. A close alliance subsists between the King of Holland and the Sovereign of Hanover, and a rumour is current in some quarters that the young Princess Sophia of Orange is to be affianced to the Prince Royal of Hanover." We were not aware that the Three Great Poor Law Commissionerships were hereditary offices. We find, however, that the Right Hon. Frankland Lewis having, most happily for himself, abdicated, is succeeded by his son. of whose abilities and accomplishments everybody seems to speak well. It is a very comfortable arrangement. A more than usual bustle prevailed on Sun- day, and Monday last, among the corps diplomatique. The Russian Ambassador visited the Duke of Wellington on Monday morning, at an early hour. Lord Canterbury's visit to town is understood to be connected with his Lordship's claims for com- poosaUon arising out of the destruction of some of his property by the fire at the Houses of Parliament. We believe there is no truth in the rumour of the Duke of Sussex's intention to leave this country for any time, as stated in our last. The Duke of Sussex met with a slight accident while stepping out of his phaeton at Kendal Park, but his royal highness is going on well. The nobility and gentry are returning fast to town, in consequence of the meeting of Parliament. The inns on the roads leading to the metropolis are now in full business, and the railroads are also profiting by the increased number of travellers. The worthy and indefatigable Incumbent of the Isle of Portland has made the munificent offer of X1500 as an endowment for a district church for that island, if subscriptions can be raised for the purpose of erecting one. Lord Francis Egerton has, without solicitation, forwarded to the mayor of Liverpool the munificent sum of five hundred pounds towards the fund for the relief of the sufferers by the late storm. Three new Churches are projected in Wolver- hampton. Miss Hinckes,of Tettenhall, it is stated, will be responsible for the building of one, if means are found of erecting two others. A preliminary meeting has been held upon the subject, and the success of a measure so important is confidently anticipated. Lord J. Russell has appointed MrWedgwood the ex-police magistrate, registrar of hackney carriages. THE NEW JUDGE.—An obstacle to Mr Maule's appointment as the new Baron of the Exchequer is said to have been started in a high judicial quarter. It is this, that there has been no instance since the resolution. and long before it, of a member of the House of Commons having been raised to the bench with the exception of Attorneys and Solicitors Generals. Robert Laurie, E«q., Rouge Croix, Pursuivant of Arms, has been appointed to the office of Windsor Herald, vacant by the promotion of Francis Martin, Esq., to the office of Norroy King of Arms. ° William Courthope, Gent-has been appointed to the office of Rouge Croix, Pursuivant of Arms vacant by the promotion of Robert Laurie, Esq I to the office of Windsor Herald. LOUD (,oitriiousr. -Lord Corehouse has been struck with palsy, and is in a very delicate state. There is little doubt lie will never be on the bench again. It is said that the Hon. J. A. Murray, pre- sent Lord Advocate, is likely to be raised to the vacated seat.-Glasgotv Chronicle. Mr Edward Clark has been appointed Re- corder of Hastings and Rye, in the room of Mr Austin, resigned. One of the on dits of the day is, that the vacant Garter is to be given to the lessee of Dniry Lane, and that Van Amburgh is to he knighted on account of his extraordinary performances of late at the above theatre, which have been such as ta call down her Majesty's most gracious acknow- ledgments through the hands of a most noble peer- -Essex Standard. A change for the worse has within a few ditvs manifested itself in the state of the venerable (Mr Ralph Lambton), uncle of the Earl of Durham. lie is at present in a precarious state.
A REMEDY SUGGESTED.
A REMEDY SUGGESTED. He cannot "gloze" hor fawn, not he Nor ci-ook the hinges of the knee," In courtly language prating Yet with his eye upon the SEAL- Did ever human face reveal So true a Lord in waiting ?" Seal-oil will soften-and can case His acrid tongue-his stiffen'd knees..
Her Majesty will hold Levees, at St. James's | alace, on Wednesday, the 20lh instant, and on Wednesday, the 6th of March next, at two o'clock. BRIGIITON, SATURDAY—Her Royal Highness the Princess Augusta continues to suffer from a severe cold but, from inquiries made this morning, it was stated that her royal highness had passed a favourable night and was rather better. QUEEN ADELAIDE.—We are happy to observer that her Majesty the Queen Dowager continues to. enjoy good health, and that the air of Malta has been beneficial to her. Her Majesty drives out into the country, or walks on the bastions which overlook the harbours, attended by the principal persons of her suite, almost daily.On Thursday last, at a little before II o'clock in the forenoon, a. slight shock of an earthquake was felt in thilt- island but it was so trifling and insignificant that it was not generally perceived by every body.— Malta Gazette of Jan, 2.