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Glamorganshire Midsummer Quarter…

Trial of Prisoners.




BRECON INFIRMARY.—June 27, 1S43. ————— I. OCT. Patients remaining last Week 4 32 Admitted since 1 14 5 46 Cured and Relieved. 0 10 Dead. 0 0-0 10 Remaining. 5 3G Physician for the ensuing Week Dr. Lucas, Surgeon, &c Mr. B4tt. BRECON MARKET.—Wheat 5S. lOd. barley 3s, 2d.; oats 2s. 3d.; malt 6s. 8d.; per imperial average; beef 6d. mutton 5jd; veal 5d. lamb 5.j butter 9d; skim cheese 4|d. The Lord Chancellor has appointed Joseph Richard Cobb, of Brecon, in the county of Brecknock, Gentleman, to be a Master Extraordinary, in the High Court of Chancery. THE CROps,-We are glad to find that the grain in the. neighbourhood of Brecon looks remarkably well, the last few days of fine warm weather having completely restored them. Hay is being cut down, and there is every prospect of an abundant harvest. We understand that Joseph Bailey, jun., Esq., M.P., has presented a donation of one sovereign towards the purchase of musical instruments for the Hereford Teetotal Society, the members of which are about to form an Instrumental Band in connexion with their institution. The honourable member recently gave a like sum for a similar object at Monmouth. THE RIOTS AT CARMARTHEN. (From our Correspondent.) CARMARTHEN, Saturday, One A.M. The troop of horse soldiers have just returned from an excursion to Talog, about five or six miles out, where the Rebeccaites usually hold their midnight meetings. They were sent for by express about three hours since, and went off in great haste at full gallop. I suppose, however, it turned out a false alarm, or else Rebecca got out of the way, for their services were not required. Colonel Love and the Vice-Lieutenant, as well as Major Parlby, went with them. Friday Night. Since my communication of yesterday everything has remained perfectly tranquil. The company of the 73rd foot arrived here this morning at about ten o'clock, under the command of Major Dawson, having marched from Llanelly, a distance of fifteen miles. They marched through the town to the workhouse, where their quarters are fixed. They were received by Colonel Love, commandant of the district, and Major Parlby, in command of the troop of 4th dragoons. I understand this troop has recently returned from India, and the 73rd were in Canada at the time of the rebellion. Great importance being attached to the meeting of magis- trates and delegates to consider the grievances complained of, I attended at Newcastle Emlyn. The meeting was held at the Salutation Inn, at one o'clock this day. It was attended by the following magistrates:— The Hon. Col. Rice Trevor, M.P., and Yice-Lieutenant of the county, Capt. Evans, of Pantykendy; \V. Brigstocke, Esq., of Blaenpant W. II. Parry, Esq., of Noyodd John Lloyd Davies, Esq., of Blaeu Defjiin; Gwianaitl Phillips, Esq. the Rev. Augustus Brigstocke, of Geliydowyll; J. W. G. Hughes, Esq., of Glancothy John Lloyd Price, Esu., of Glangwiily; the Rev. Thomas Lloyd, of Gilfachwen Thos. Lloyd, Esq., of Broiiwydd Edward Lloyd Williams, Esq., of Gwernont Capt. Phillips, Cwm Gwilly Rees Goring Thomas, Esq., of Llysnewvdd W. P. Lewis, Esc., of Yelindra; John Coleby, Esq., of Fynon; Dr. Jones, of Llaneyett; John Griffiths, Esq., Llwyngwin and Wiiiiam Lewis, Esq., of Elinfien. Mr. E. Lloyd Hall, who is a barrister, but not a magistrate-, as stated in my communica- tion of yesterday, was also present ;;8 the representative of the hundred of Upper Elvot, comprising seven parishes, as well as about thirty delegates from other parishes and other gentlemen. Some hundreds of Rebeccaites were congre- gated in the neighbourhood, awaiting anxiously the result of the proceedings. The Vice-Lieutenant took the chair. He snhl he felt extremely sorry that. on this occasion it was his duty to appear before them in the capacity of civil representative of ,'atiN- of this county, in a position of affairs, the like of which he had not witnessed fur tWUJiy years and upwards. It was with great grief and pain he had learnt that the men of this county had not only forgotten what was due to the majesty of the iaws, but also what was due to their own characters as peaceable and dutiful subjects, as to commit the acts of violence and outrage which had recently occurred. He had represented the county for the last twenty-three years and during that period he had no reason to complain of the manner in which he had been treated or of the peaceable character of its inhabitants. It was with the greatest pain he was now compelled to say that outrages had been com- mitted of a very gross character, and such as could not be suffered to be continued. He said this to them now to endeavour to induce them not to place themselves in collision with the laws; if they did, though they might escape for a time, they might depend upon it the Government would send such a force into the county as would put down those out- rages. He had been informed they complained of certain grievances* but it was not necessary he should go into them, for when he said that the magistrates and himself who had resided the greater part of his life in the county, were both willing and anxious to redress all grievances which they may be proved to be such, he was sure they would believe' him. In order that there should be no mistake in the matter, he had written down what the magistrates were willing to do, which he would read to them. He then read as follows :— "W e are willing that every grievance that can be proved to exist, and which can be remedied, should be removed, either in the administration of the funds of the trust, or by the erection of new gates, or by increase of tolls. For that purpose we will name a committee of trustees and tally- holders to go into all the accounts of the trust, and at that committee Mr. Hall shall attend, if he wishes it, on your behalf." The Chairman here said they had proposed that Mr. Hall should be present, because he attended as their advocate, and as far as figures could show he should be satisfied. He then continued the reading of the document :— "If any point of law should arise, counsel's opinion shall be taken by which the trustees must abide until set aside by a Court of Law." The Chairman again interposed in explanation. This portion had been introduced because the trustees were bound by oath to respect the rights of those who had lent money to the trusts; threfore in case of any difficulty counsel's opinion would be taken, and he would "tell them as a friend, as well as one who held the civil power of the county in his hands, that the way to redress grievances was not either by outrage or tumult, but by the law. He then again read from the document as follows :— The magistrates have had a force of trc-ops put at their disposal by the Government, and though they are willing to redress all that is amiss, they cannot give way to force, and must put down also all disturbances, the Government being ready to increase the number of troops if necessary." It would give him the greates pain to use those troops against men, to whom he was under deep obligations, and whose houses and cottages he had often visited and received that hospitality for which they were proverbial. He would then beg of them not to force him to do that which he cer- tainly should do, however much he might regret it, if neces- sary in the performance of his duty force him to order those troops to fire on them. He entreated them to cast away those busy meddlers who had interfered with them, and thus led them astray, for that these were not their own acts he knew. But let them remember if the law was violated it must be vindicated. If it was violated, and force were used, the troops must resist force by force. If they had grievances they were ready to redress them. Come with their com- plaints to the gentlemen who were their neighbours, and they might depend upon being attended to, but avoid at- tending nightly meetings, and commuting acts of outrage which would be ruinous to them. Recollect also there was a gentleman to whom they had entrusted their complaints, and he would represent them no doubt properly, but he could not do so if those outrages were continued. As there might be some in the room who were small talhrholders, he would have them recollect what madness it was in them to at all countenance such outrages, for, by destroying the gates they were destroying their own funds, and they would be compelled to repair the roads themselves under heavy penalties of £ 300 or £ 400. If they would only rest quietly for a little while he understood thut the burdens and extra tolls would be removed. They knew lie yvas not a trustee but he felt it his duty to inquire, and had received informa- tion on the subject, which, whether true or not he could not say, but lie must say that what they had stated as complaints had been greatly exaggerated. After repeating the assurance of the desire to redress real grievances, and cautioning them that if the outrages were continued they must withdraw the proposition fe.r a committee, the Hon. Gentleman concluded by calling on Mr. Lloyd to explain the paper he had read in Welsh. 1\1r. Lloyd, of Bronw}dd, then addressed the meeting in elsh, a translation of which is as follows: -Friends and Neighbours—I regret my inability to speak the Welsh language perfectly, but I hope you may understand me. We are come here to benefit the county and to restore peace, after the outrages which uisgiaced it, 0 are come here to hear your grievances, and the burdens with which you are oppressed, and if such grievances and burdens shall be satis- factorily proved, we shall be most willing to rectify them, and, if necessary, entirely t" remove them. We therefore propose the formation of a committee to investigate the affairs of the Newcastle trust; and we are also desirous that the Honourable Gentleman, Mr. Hall, who is the advocate of a very considerable district, should always sit on such committee, so that lie may see the accounts of the trust thoroughly investigated and published. I speak the lan- guage of the magistrates present, as well as my own, when I express the sorrow I feel that this hitherto peaceable county has been the scene of outrages, the Government I s- (WmpH it necessary to send the mihlary among u5, l-id hardly credit it when I heard it I said, "Surely this is not the work of Welshmen; there must be foreigners among the Welsh urging them on to their rum. Is this the peaceable county that has done as much, if not more, for the cause of religion than any other county 1 Is this the mode to redress your grievances f Can you prosper by violating the laws? Are you inferior in loyalty to your bretheren in North Wales 1 When Hetherington, the Chartist, was seiu to Llanidloes he failed to execute his mission in stirring up the people to revolt, for he said the Welsh were too religious a people publicly to violate the laws." There is no grievance that cannot be redressed in a peaceable and constitutional manner; then, my friends, in the name of God put a stop to proceed- ings so scandalous and disgraceful. I am old enough to remember the trench invasion, when every man, woman, and child were up in arms to resist the ruthless invader; and are you become so degenerate that you will continue to dis- grace the country, and to destroy that character for valour and loyalty handed down to you by your ancestors from Agincourt, Minden, and Waterloo ? My friends, pause ere it be too late, for be assured the Government is determined to vindicate the laws of the country with the strong arm of the law- As I have had the honour of addressing thousands of you before, in your own language, at your religious, asem- blies, and you have always honoured me with your attention, so I trust and hope you will use your influence in putting a stop to proceedings which, if persisted in, will ultimately ruin this hitherto happy and peaceable county. In comparison with other counties we are poor already, and why will you throw aw-av, by an infatuation unaccountable, the many- blessings which you stil possess. Humble und uninfluential an individual as I am, I will ever do all in my power to alleviate and remove the burdens which oppress my countrymen, Mr. I,. Hall said he would state the conditions on which he attended this meeting. Certain delegates called on him last week and showed him notices they had received from Rebecca, commanding them to attend at Carmarthen, on Monday. He had recommended them to abstain from doing so, and had brought these notices to the magistrates. The present meeting was composed of all the respectability of the county-that was an assurance that all real grievances would be redressed. Let the committee be formed, and the accounts analyzed the people would not find him a weak advocate. All they wanted was fair play to the trus- tees, to the tally-holders, and to the public. He hoped this meeting was a beginning of fair piaj, They complained not only of the tolls, but of the manner in which they were treated by the justices. He did not think that injustice was done Purposely, but through mistakes, to which thov wPrP all liable; but, as honourable men, they would set that right. There must be no hurrying of the matter-the com- mittee must have time. As a barrister he knew that many- points of law would arise, and require much time for deli- beration. As to the outrages commitied by Rebecca, they were most scandalous, and if he had had a* force the other night he would have endeavoured to put a stop to them. He was muca blamed m the county for having sent to the Government for soldiers. He knew he ran much risk by so doing, but every man must be prepared to do that for his country. He had told the people, and he now told them, that the law must be kept. The people were already poor enough and it was the height of folly in them, by encourag- ing Rebecca, in destroying property making them still poorei, If they kept within the law he would advocate a redress of their grievances, but if they broke the law he would no longer continue to act for them. Mr. L. illiams congratulated the meeting upon the modeiate tone of Mr. Hall, the chosen advocate of the peo- ple but he must beg to differ with him on one or two points. Mr. Hall had stated that injustice had been done by the magistrates, but that had not been proved he also I stated that the magistrates had sent for the troops, yvhereas, the Govevunitiit had sent them, The Chairman interrupted Mr. Williams to correct this statement. He (Colonel Trevor), as Vice-Lieutenant of the county, had been in constant communication with the Government on the subject, and he had, for one, made a requisition to them for the troops, and indeed pressed for them before he left London. Mi. "W illiams continued— He was glad to be corrected. There was one thing more he must allude to. It was talked of tiiioughout England, and was a disgrace to the country, that these outrages were perpetrated by men disguised as women. This was abominable, and a gross libel on the other sex. The committee having been nominated, the chairman said he considered the business at an end; but L. Morris rose and inquired if the meeting was to separate without the people knowing if the tolls were tn be reduced. Sir. Lloyd Dasies said he ttiouifht the tally-holders should be written to to request them to do what all the landlords had been obliged to do, reduce their interest to 37 per cent., and the Governm 'nt asked to extend the time for repayment of the principal lent by them, and take 2 per cent, per annum for it, instead of 5 per cent., which would allow double the time to pay it, and then the extra half toll could be immediately got rid of. The coun- try's salvation depended on what they did that day. Several tally-holders present signed a pledge to take 3 per cent. The crowd outside was then addressed from the windows by several speakers, and the proceedings of the meeting explained to them in Welsh but as far as I could gather the information was far from satisfactory to them. The committee was appointed to meet on Friday, the 30th of June, and the meeting broke up.

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