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THE WELSH BISHOPRICS. We copy from a leading London paper an article on the threatened diminution of the Welsh Bishoprics Earl Powis, the mover of the Address at the opening of this session, has moved the second reading of a hill to pre- serve intact the constitution of the Church in North Wales. The House of Lords in an especial manner is, as it were, personally interested in this cause. It was their ancestors, Saxon Earls and Norman Barons, Avhose glorious munifi- cence endowed the Church of God in this land, and to their descendants, with appropriate confidence, does the Church now look for tin maintenance of those endowments. Of the Prelates we have more hesitation in speaking, be- cause, although four fifths of them have declared, or are prepared to declare, their determination to stand by their sacred order, it is but too painfully known and felt, that some few of them—and those the highest in rank and dignity, prompted by a fatal sense of consistency in weak- ness, are determined to suppress one of the episcopal thrones of Wales. Were it only for the respect AVTJ feel for their sacred office, as public journalists we are constrained to pass them over in sorrowful silence, hoping, nevertheless, almost against hope, that if they will adhere to their fatal resolution they will abstain from throwing the weight of their elo- quence and activity into the scale of the destroyers. But now for the Ministers. Can there he doubt how they -who never hesitated to place the Church in the van of their battle when an election was to be won, or a division to be carried-they, who came into office the trusted of the clergy, the vindicators of the independence and rights of the Chui-eli-will act on a question concerning which the Church has declared her opinion with an emphasis and unanimity as remarkable as it is encouraging '? Will they, whose duly it is to stimulate private charity and pious muni- ficence, by throwing the sanction of law round the objects ficence, by throwing the sanction of law round the objects for Avhich they have been exerted, renounce that duty, and, descend to the contemptible level of political hagglers < Alas, if we are rightly informed, the Prime Minister of this country has announced to the Church of Wales that lie will disregard her prayers, forfeit her esteem, and range himself and his Government in the ranks of her enemies, because- he is umvilling to destroy the authority of an Act of Par- liament The authority of an Act of Parliament half a dozen years old, which is not yet in operation, and which Ave pray Avill never be Did this miserable Act of yesterday itself violate the authority of no existing Acts of Parlia- ment i Were the Bishops' thrones and cathedrals -ivei-e the dignities and endowments of the Welsh Church, secuie(I by no Acts of Parliament as august and venerable as this specimen of modern justice and wisdoiii i Does an Act like this teach the people of England to place confidence in the Legislature, or to regard Acts of Parliament as sacred We are bold to say, on the contrary, that a statesman really anxious to give stability to the laws, and to that on which the stability of all human laws depends—the moral con- fidence of the people—would sanction no Act of Parliament which destroys a sacred institution, endeared through a thousand long years to the affections of an ancient and warm-hearted people, or would readily seize the first oppor- tunity to annul such an Act, however it may have been car- ried. Such an opportunity will be presented to-morrow, and the Minister—the statesman, as some people say, of the times-refuses to avail himself of it. It is too much to say that the curse of littleness is on this generation, when the man, who is looked upon as the foremost man in all the State, can descend to argue, and can venture to act, on such a ground as this, and can sacrifice the throne of one of the successors of the apostles, and with it the deep-rooted at- tachments, the ancestral feelings, the Christian pride, the just wishes and commendable hopes of a large body of his fellow-subjects-to the fancied inviolability of a peddling act of modern legislation. W hatever may be the purpose of the Prime Minister, we trust his determination will not be binding on his colleagues. Wre hope Mr. Gladstone will cause the walls of one House of Parliament to ring again Avith that indignant eloquence with which he protested against that injurious enactment an alteration in which Sir Robert Peel declares he will not permit-and that, in the other, the warning words which terminated Mr. Hope's memorable oration on the 24th of July, 1840, will be repeated with a happier effect My Lords, you have stood by the institutions of this country in dark and troublesome times. I beseech you do not desert them now that a gleam of sunshine rests upon them. You have listened without dismay and without dis- turbance to the tumult of the enemies of the Church, when they sought to destroy her. I pray you, my Lords, do not let the voices of the friends, of her sincere, her constant, but, as 1 believe, in this instance, of her mistaken friends, win you to do that which the threats of her enemies never would have extorted from you." THE FOUNDER OF THE ARKWRIGHT FAMILY.—The first member of this now wealthy, distinguished, and remarkable family, who made a noise in the world, was Sir Richard Arkwright, who was born of humble parentage, at Preston, in Lancashire, on the 23rd December, 1732. He was the youngest of thirteen children, and, as may be supposed, the amount of schoollearniug which he received was exceedingly scanty. He was brought up to the trade of a barber, an occupation which could not afford much promise of distinc- tion, although he very shortly became one of the most remarkable men of his times. About 17G0 he quitted the business of a barber, which he had previously carried on in the town of Bolton, and became a dealer in hair. This article he collected by travelling about the country, and which, when he had dressed, he sold again in a prepared state to the wigmakers. The profits of this business were increased, and the circle of his customers was enlarged, by means of a secret process of dyeing hair which he possessed, and which is said to have been a discovery of his own. This fact, however, is doubtful, as his mind was of a mechanical turn, and he is not believed to have had any knowledge of chymistry; it is also improbable. His first effort in mechanics was an attempt to discover the perpetual motion and this direction having been given to his mind, the result was the invention of the machinery for spinning cotton with rollers, better known as the spinning-jenny." After much difficulty, great opposition, and many efforts to prove that he had plagiarised his invention, he, having left Lancashire, went into partnership at Nottingham with a stocking manufacturer, named Need, and Mr. Jedediah Strutt, of Derby, the ingenious improver and patentee of the stocking frame and it is a remarkable fact, that although Mr. Strutt saw at once and acknowledged the great merit of the invention, he pointed out various defects, which the inventor, from a want of mechanical skill, had been unable, with all the powers of contrivance, to supply. In 1769 Mr. Arkwright obtained his first patent, and commenced a manu- facturing concern, which he carried on with Messrs. Need and Strutt. In 1784 he was appointed High Sheriff of the county of Derby; and on the occasion of presenting an address of congratulation to George III., on his escaping from the attempt at assassination by Margaret Nicholson, he received the honour of knighthood. Sir Richard Arkwright died on the 3rd of August, 1792, at the age of 60, remarkable for his mental energy and application to business to the very last, and leaving a fortune of about half a million sterling- a fortune which it appears, in the hands of his descendant, who has just died, has increased to seven millions and a half. EXTRAORDINARY TRIAL.—The Irish Court of Exchequer was occupied during the whole of Tuesday se'nnight, in an action for false imprisonment, arising out of very extraor- dinary circumstances. The plaintiff in the case was the Rev. Henry Hayden, a clergyman of the Established Church, who had for years officiated as a curate in several parts of Ireland, that being his native country. In the year 1820 the plaintiff went on a mission to Nova Scotia, where he resided for several years, but having some property in his native land, it was considered advisable that he should look after it, as the income was not paid. His wife, who accom- panied him to Canada, and one daughter, came over to this country in 1831, in order to manage the property. This lady was connected with some of the first families in the north of Ireland. She remained at home arranging the affairs of her husband until the year 1838, when her husband came over to this country, and took up his residence with his family at Kilkeel, in the county of Down. The whole family lived there till June, 1840, when they came to Dublin, and took lodgings in Blessington-street; and it was shortly after this the conspiracy, which he would call it, was concocted, in order to take away from the plaintiff his property, and not only that but his liberty also. This charge was made against Dr. Harry, who, dealing with the reverend gentleman as a person of unsound mind, of his own authority, seized his person, and carried him away and confined him for a period of no less than eighteen months in his own private lunatic asylum at Finglas. Evidence was adduced, in the hand- writing of Dr. Harry himself, which went to prove that the motives by which he was actuated were for the most part personal; and because plaintiff would not sign a deed, con- veying and alienating his property to others, he was kept in the asylum for the time stated, illegally, and against his consent. On the 27th of June, 1840, a short time after the return of the plaintiff to this country, and some time after he had taken up his residence in that city, he met the de- fendant for the first time, who was accompanied by a policeman in coloured clothes, and Dr. Harry told Mr. Hayden that his presence was requisite before Colonel Browne, one of the metropolitan police commissioners, re- lative to some property that had been stolen from him (Mr. Hayden) a short time previous. The reverend gentleman, not suspecting anything wrong, got into a covered car, under the pretence of going to the colonel's office but instead of that, he was conveyed to the madhouse at Finglas, which he did not finally leave until the 3rd of December, 1841. The damages were laid at £ 6,000. The Chief Baron, in the course of his charge to the jury, remarked, that as the defendant did not put any plea of justification on his record, the only question they had to try was what amount of damages they would give the plaintiff. The jury retired at half-past five o'clock, and returned into court at seven o'clock, giving a verdict for the plaintiff, with E600 damages and 6d. costs. Father Mathew is expected to arrive in England in the course of a short time, and is to visit Cambridge, Wisbech, Norwich, Ipswich, and other places. HER MAJESTY'S BIRTH-DAY.—Amongst the presents made to the Queen in honour of her birth-day, which were laid out in an apartment tastefully decorated with flowers, we understand that there were 12 gilt bronze figures, copied in reduced dimensions for His Royal Highness Prince Albert, by Schwanthaler, of Munich, from the 12 colossal statues in the Tiuofte-rocw ilt to ^capital, •