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NEWPORT MECHANICS' INSTITUTE.
NEWPORT MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. A lecture was delivered in the Town-hall, by permission of the mayor, on Wednesday eAening last, to a large audience, on Hebrew Poetry," by the Rev. Thos. Parry, in which the rev. gentleman commented upon poetry in general, and its various kinds, with especial reference to the Hebrew muse-Limits and history of Hebrew poetry, with characteristics of the various poets-Traces of metre-Ab- ruptness of Transition—Sources of imagery—The double sense-Importance of attention to eastern habits of thoughts, &c. The lecturer evinced considerable learning, and proved himself to have made deep researches in the subject of his lecture, at the close of which an unanimous vote of thanks was presented to him. The second annual general meeting, for receiving the report of the above Institute, was held at their new rooms in the Town-hall, on Tuesday evening last. The meeting was not so largely attended by the members as that of last year, from which a superficial observer might infer, that the cause of the mechanics is retrograding; but the fact that a goodly number of the staunch supporters and workipg-men of the Institute were present, induces a belief, that those who have mainly contributed in carrying it on so far will not desert their posts for the future. The report was read, and received with acclamation ;—no wonder, containing, as it did (notwithstanding some references to present liabilities) the most cheering grounds for calculating on future pros- perity and success. Several resolutions were passed on the occasion of thanks to various donors of money, boofis, &c. and also one containing a pledge on the part of the members present to use every effort for upholding the Institute in its present state of prosperity and efficiency. The meeting for the change of officers and committees takes place on the 20th instant. NEWPORT UNION.—From a return recently issued by the clerk of this union, Mr. W. D. Evans, we find the guardians for the ensuing years are as follows: Bed was, Thomas Price—Bettws, John Hodgkinson—-Bishton, Benjapiin Samuel--Caerleon, Geor$Ce Daniel-Christchurch, James Milner Coedkernew, William Watkins-Dutfryn, J. D. Collins-- Goldcliff, William Baker-Graig, William Edmunds -Heullys, John Samuel--Kemys Inferior, Edmund Jones —Llandavenny, Edward Williams—Llangattock, Sir D. Mack worth, bart—Llangstone, Rev. T. Williams -Llanhen- nock, Rev. W. Powell-Llanmartin, Morgan Williams- Llanvaches, James Long—Llanvedw, Thomas Powell- Llantarnam, Rev. D. Davies-Llanwern, John Morgan- Machen Upper, Rev Howell Williams—Machen Lower, Henry John Davis-Magor, J. Leonard-Malpas, John S. Allfrey-Marshfield, Henry Collins—Michaelstone-y-vedw, George Blind—Mynyddyslwyn, John Llewellyn, Thomas Hopkins-Nash, Charles Hale-Newport, Lewis Edwards, George Gething—Penhow, Thomas Williams-Peterstone, T. J. Phillips-Red wick, Edward Walters—Rhydgwern, Joseph Russell-Risca, Thomas Cross-Rogerstone, John Brown, jun--S-,tiiit Brides, Rev. Morgan Powell--Saint Woollos, Mr. T. Smith, Rev. D. R. Stephen—Tredunnock, James Williams—Wilcrick, Thomas Williams --Witson, William Morgan. THE MONMOUTHSHIRE COLLIERS AGAIN.—We are sorry to hear that some of the new hands in the Flower Colliery, not far from Coed Penmaen, have been savagely abused by a party of the old hands who had formerly struck. This is but a bad return for the great lenity with which the late dis- turbers of the public peace were universally treated, and a poor encouragement for the future to discharge such offenders on their own recognizance." FATAL ACCIDENT.-On Thursday morning last, about 8 o'clock, Captain Burridge, of the Matilda," of Southamp- ton, loading coals at Russell's wharf, went down into the hold for the purpose of seeing the coals properly stowed. On returning to the deck he caught hold of the shoot, (used for conveying coals into the vessel), which not being securely fastened above gave way, and struck his head violently against the opposite side of the hatchway. He was conveyed on shore i:1 a dreadful state, and under the skilful treatment of Mr. Jones, surgeon, some hopes were entertained of his recovery, but lock-jaw supervened, and he died on Thursday. He has left a wife and family. Mr. Jones did not attend the deceased until late in the evening, but had he been sent for earlier in the day there were hopes that he would have suc- ceeded in bringing him round. Within the last week there have been landed at Drogheda, three hundred and fifty tons of the permanent rails for the Dublin and Drogheda Railway. They were shipped at Newport, having been manufactured by the Cwm-Celyn and Blaina Company, and are of superior quality and work- manship. ELECTION OF STREET COMMISSIONERS. On Wednesday last, pursuant to notice, a numerously attended meeting of rate-payers and others interested was held at the Town Hall, Newport, for the election of Com- missioners, under the Street Improvement Act, in the room of those who were deceased or disqualified. The mayor presided, and opened the business of the day by briefly adverting to the object of the meeting. The town clerk stated the law relating to the Election of Commissioners, and read counsel's opinion, which had been taken, and from which we could hear the opinion was that a show of hands was sufficient to decide the election-a clause from the act was also read. The town clerk called over the names of the parties deceased, and of persons otherwise disqualified, which amounted to 18. The town clerk further intimated that the meeting pre- liminary to proceeding to the election must decide that the offices were void. At this period of the meeting the unanimity which ap- peared to accompany its proceedings was disturbed by the exhibition of strong party feeling, and the proceedings became rather stormy. Mr. Cartwright intimated that he should oppose the mode of election, and would insist upon a poll. This an- nouncement created much confusion. The mayor, notwithstanding, said, he should proceed to the election, and recommended that the voters in the old borough should go on one side of the room, and those who were not voters at the back, so as to cause no confusion. Mr. Thomas Howard, was then proposed as a commis- sioner, and duly seconded; Mr. Dowling, was also proposed and seconded. Considerable confusion here took place in the attempt of several speakers to address the chairman together. The mayor said he knew of no party he came here to do strictly that which was right, (great confusion and many speakers) he should goj straight forward he could not listen and reply to all, but would propose that those who voted for Mr. Howard should go to the right of the room, and those for Mr. Dowling to the left. He then added, with much warmth, I will take the show of hands for Mr. Howard, I am in the chair, and am determined to be chairman. On a shew of hands there appeared For Mr. Howard 59 For Mr. Dowling 24 Majority in favour of Mr. Howard 35 Mr. Thomas Morris, Mr. T. B. Batchelor, and Mr. A. Crossfield, were then duly proposed and elected without opposition. Mr. Edward Thomas, Mr. M. Morrison, and Mr. Fraser, were put in nomination, when on a shew of hands there appeared. For Mr. Thomas 51 For Mr. Morrison 33 For Mr. Fraser 38 Mr. Thomas was declared duly elected. On Mr. Wm. Penny being proposed, Mr. Batchelor said, that Mr. Morrison had several times handsomely given way, and that the least compliment for such conces- sion would be to allow that gentleman to be again put in nomination. This proposition was acceded to, and Mr. Morrison, was declared duly elected. Mr. Thomas Turner and Mr. J. J. Nicholas, were then proposed, when, on a show of hands, there appeared- For Mr. Turner. 61 For Mr. Nicholas 27 Mr. Wm. Evans, was then put in nomination and elected without opposition. Mr. James Hewitt and S. Towgood, Esq., were then proposed and seconded, when Mr. Hewitt, was elected by a majority of 18,—the numbers being 52 to 34. Mr. Daniel Tombs, jun., and Mr. Cartwright, were then put in nomination. On a shew of hands there appeared For Mr. Tombs 53 For Mr. Cartwright 07 Majority for Mr. Tombs. 26 Mr. Cartwright and Mr. Samuel Jones were then pro- posed, when the former withdrew. Mr. Jones and Mr. T. R. Williams, became competitors, when Mr. Jones, was elected by a majority of 35, the numbers being 59 to 24. The following were successively put in nomination Mr. J. Brewer and Mr. Ed. Morgan Mr. J. Brewer, 53, Mr. Morgan, 26.—Mr. Edward Morgan and Mr. Henry John Davis; Mr. Morgan, 58, Mr. Davis, 24—Mr. E. E. Beckingham and Mr. Jas. Davies Mr. Davies, 51, Mr. Beckingham, 26.—Mr. Henry Williams and Mr. Penny Mr. Penny, 52, Mr. Williams, 25.—Mr. John, senr., 34, and Mr. J. W. Jones, 37.—Mr. Hellicar, 30, Mr. John John, sen., 54.—Mr. Wm. Davies, 61, Mr. John Clements, 20. This terminated the business of the day. Mr. Cartwright again pressed upon the mayor the pro- priety of taking a poll. The mayor said he thought they had done with it, and de- clined naming any time. The thanks of the meeting were then unanimously ac- corded to the mayor, for his dignified and impartial conduct in the chair. That gentleman returned thanks, and assured the meeting that in thus securing the approval of so respect- able a body he only acted with strict impartiality. The meeting then separated. Mr. Cornelius Evans was teller on the occasion.
w ♦PRf°wEM?NVN travellers in the West of England report a decided improvement in busines to have taken place, and the statement is confirmed by pay- ments in the course of the last fortnight, being more readily provided for at the country banks> wherfi8 the demlJ for change 13 also cousulgrably iuCieased.
tiírt, fUamagra, aittr Seating* BIRTHS^ On the 6th April, at Escot, Dev onshire, the lady of Sir John Kennaway, Bart., of a son. On the 4th April, at Cavendish-place, Bath, the lady of the Rev. Geo. G. Gardiner, of a daughter. On the 8th April, at Neath, the wife of Mr. Denham, Wesley an minister, of son. On the 1st April, at Aberystwith, the lady of Edward Owen Jones, Esq., of a son and heir. On the 9th April, at Brighton, the lady Augusta Seymoar, of a son. MARRIAGES. April 11, at Bethany chapel, by Mr. W. Jones, Baptist minister, Mr. George Edward Hopkins, painter, to Miss Charlotte John, both of this town. April 5, at Clifton church, by the Rev. F. Bell, the Rev. Henry C. Hart, M.A., Trinity College, Cambridge, to Jane daughter, of the late James Ford, Esq., of Clifton. April 5, at Caerleon, Monmouthshire, Mr. John Phillips, grocer &c., Ebbw Vale, to Miss Matilda Edwardes, only daughter of Mr. Abraham Edwardes, of Caerleon. April 10, at St. Mary's church, Swansea, by the Rev. W. Hewson, D. D., Mr. William Howe, of Newport, Mon- mouthshire, to Miss Elizabeth Davies, second daughter of Mr. Robert Davies, commander of the Bristol steam packet. April 6, at St. John's church, Brecon, Mr. John Martin, of Swansea, to Mrs. Elizabeth Martin, late of the Fox and Hounds Inn, Brecon. March 30, at St. Gabriel Fenchurch, by the Rev. H. J. Newbery, Samuel F. Bilton, Esq., of Regent-square, and Grays Inn, barrister at law, to Rosa, second daughter of Richard Thomas, Esq., of Fen-court. On the 13th instant, at the Parish Church of Swansea, by the Rev. Wm. Hewson, D.D., Vicar, Mr. James Williams, draper, to Sarah, eldest daughter of the late MI. Wm. Jones, master-mariner, all of Swansea. DEATHS. On the 28th March, in his 84th year, Sir George Griffies Williams, Bart., of Llynywormwood, Carmarthenshire. He is succeeded in the title by his eldest son, now Sir Erasmus Henry Griffies Williams, rector, of Marlborough, Wilts. On the 1st April, at Caerleon, Monmouthshsre, aged 30 years, Mr. William Masters. On the 30th March, at Usk, Monmouthshire, Thomas Addams Williams, Esq., aged 53 years. On the 5th A.pril, at Usk, Miss Evans, late of Werndee, Llantrissent, Monmouthshire. On the 10th April, in his 63 year, Mr. William Cox, for many years, governor of the House of Correction, Swansea. On the 5th April, in his 12th year, James, ion of Mr. Bright, late engineer at the Margam Tin Works. On the 6th April, after a few hours illness, Evan Lloyd, cooper, Brecon. On the 30th March, aged 17, Gwenllian, second daughter of Mr. Jones, of Nantybar, in the parish of Michaelstone, in this county. On the 5th April, at Penrhewgoch, near Neath, aged 22 years, Mrs. Eliza Catherine, wife of Mr. Henry Conway, she was one of the Society of Friends. On the 25th March, at Genoa, Lady Erskine, wife of the Right Hon. Lord Erskine, her Majesty's Envoy extraordi- nary and minister, Plenipotentiary, at the court of Munich. On the 11th April, at Cardiff, Mary wife of Mr. J. Allen, master mariner of this port, aged 48 years. On Saturday last, suddenly, in a hired cabriolet, on his way from the House of Lords to Sievens' Hotel, the Earl of Hopetown. His Lordship was in his 48th year, and is suc- ceeded by his son, Viscount Airthrie, aged 12 years. On the 6th April, Sir Francis Sykes, Bart., aged 42 years. On the 7th April, at St. Nicholas, in this county, the wife of Mr. Phillip Banner, police officer of that dirtrict. Lately at Llandaff, Miss Mary Ann Savage. On the 29th March, aged 41, Elizbeth. wife of Mr. Basfiet of the, Blaina Inn, Monmouthshire. In her were tob »" found a kind mother, an affectionate wife, a good and a sincere friend. On tli-i Vth April, David, the infant child of Mr. Jfo. Jones, of Penydarran, Merthyr Tydfil,
MERTHYR. Brutal Murder at Merthyr. MERTHYR, Wednesday Night—Between two and three o'clock this afternoon, the inhabitants of Caedraw, in this town, were thrown into the greatest consternation, it being reported that a man had murdered his wife. Upon inquiry on the spot, we found the following particulars :—A tinker, named John Hansell, aged 23, a married man; but having deserted his wife, and cohabited with a single woman of the name of Mary Thomas, aged 23. It appeared that they spent the morning in drinking; and, having some high words between them, a quarrel ensued he struck her with his fist until she was on the ground, and then kicked her several times. She groaned twice, and expired almost im- mediately. He ordered one of the bystanders, it is said, to, go for a doctor, and absconded through the Taff. No time being lost in giving information of the bloody deed at the police-station. The ever active officer, Sergt. Hume, with four constables, ran to the spot, and ordered a person to go at once for the parish surgeon, Job James, Esq. but the soul having quitted its earthly tabernacle, it was, unfortunately, too late to render her any assistance. Three of the constables set off immediately after the foul murderer, and apprehended him on the other side of the river, near Ynysfach, not very far from the hiding place of the matricide, Dick Tamar. Infor- mation was given to the coroner, William Davies, Esq., and a jury summoned, who viewed the body, and adjourned till six o'clock to-morrow evening. The post mortem examina- tion will take place in the morning (Friday) a full and particular account of which will be given in our paper of next week. THE WEATHER continues very changeable. Three weeks ago it resembled June in warmth, the trees were budding, and all nature seemed as if summer were approching. On Tuesday morning last, we had a very great fall of snow, and it was exceedingly bleak afterwards, which indicates that we must expect more falls before May. EDUCATION AND FACTORIES' BILL.—The various sections of Dissenters in this town are up and doing," in signing pe- titions against the educational clauses of this bill. They have not been so united for many years. CYFARTHFA IRON WORKS. — It is not perhaps generally known that the Glamorganshire canal comes within a few yards to the mills of those works, which in the transit of iron and the delivery of red ore, must be a considerable advan- tage to that respectable establishment. The following is a list of the Guardians for the Merthyr Tydfil Union for this year:—Merthyr: William Howell, George Town; Benjamin Martin, Penydarran; John Evans, Dowlais Rhys Davis, post-office; D. W. James, Jackson's Bridge; Henry Charles, ditto; and Henry Kirkhouse, Llwyncelyn.—Penderyn Jenkin Jones and Wm. Dayid.- Rhigos Morgan Phillip.—Ystradyfodwg: Llewellyn Lewis. —Yaynor: David Williams, Vedw; Watkin Watkins, Bryn Rhys.—Aberdare Wm. Morgan, Watkin Watkins, Thomas Williams.—Llanvapon: TV m Rees.—Llanwonno Thomas Thomas.—Gellygaer William Richards, Daniel Jones.— Overseers for the parish of Merthyr Henry Charles, grocer; Lewis Lewis, butcher; Lewis Lewis, spirit merchant. REDUCTION IN WAGES.—The workmen employed by the Rhymney Iron Company received notices to that effect on Monday last. The only companies which have not given such notices are Dowlais and Nantyglo. It was justly re- marked by a shrewd person the other day, that one-third more provisions of all kinds, to say nothing of luxuries, would be consumed by the working classes, if wages were now at the same rate as three or four years ago. MERTHYR NEW CHURCH.—Her Majesty the Queen Dowager, whose munificence runs parallel with her exten- sive means, and who is so worthy an object of imitation in doing good, and distributing wealth for the glory of the great giver of all, has transmitted, through the Lord Bishop of the Diocese, £50 towards the funds being raised for the erection of the above church. For this liberal dona- tion the inhabitants of Merthyr are greatly indebted to the Bishop, who represented to her Majesty the great necessity of addilioual chufch accommodation in this parish.
BRECONSHIRE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. SPRING MEETING. The Spring Meeting and Annual Ploughing Match of this Society took place on Saturday, the 1st instant. The match came off in a field on the farm in the occupation of Mr. Evans, of the Castle Hotel, near the workhouse. From the field the officers and many of the members of the society proceeded to their rooms, at the Swan Inn, for the purpose of transacting the annual business appointed for the day, John Powell, Esq., the President, taking the Chair. The financial details, &c., having been duly attended to, they adjourned at half-past three o'clock to the Bear Inn, where the dinner this year was appointed to take place. The cloth having been removed, the Chairman gave in succession the usual public toasts:—"The Queen," "The Prince of Wales," "The Queen Dowager," "Prince Albert and the Royal Family." L. V. Watkins, Esq., in a very humorous speech, pro- posed the health of the Rev. T. J. Powell, of Cautteffj he trusted that the family friendship, which Mr. Watkins des- cribed as having existed for generations, would be handed down long beyond their days. Another source of increased gratification, was derived from the character of the company by whom his name had been so favourably received; they were farmers and neighbours, and as a clergyman their good feeling was especially grateful, for it was to agriculture that the clergy were indebted for the sources of their income. This county was purely agricultural in itself, though cer- tainly enjoying the benefit of the near neighbourhood of extensive seats of manufacture for the sale of its produce, but if they did not enter into the spirit of improvement, they could not hope to avail themselves of the full advan- tages of commercial markets, however convenient. The benefits resulting from the establishment of agricultural societies were undeniable; such institutions enabled them to communicate to each other the results of their mutual experience—and no one was too old to learn, for even the best farmer might pick up a useful hint in the company of others even not so skilful in all the points of husbandry. The state, of agriculture in the county of Brecon twenty years back, when compared with that of the present day, amply proved the advantages conferred by the society he was now addressing. He would with confidence ask them if the superiority was not striking; and to what was it owing but to the emulation excited by the efforts of the society ? As long as they continued to support that society then, so long would they secure the further progress of improvement. The Chairman next proposed The Gentlemen who had given cups and extra premiums." L. V. Watkins, Esq., responded to the toast. He claimed no peculiar merit in this, for he lived by agriculture, and he believed the time was not far distant when all classes would find that they lived by agriculture too, and that if it were mot for agriculture this would be a poor nation indeed. The gratification he had derived from the presentations, which had been so kindly noticed, was of no ordinary kind, for he had the satisfaction of knowing that the cups he had annually given had been productive of more good than any effort previously made for the culture of turnips in the county had increased to an extent which could never have been anticipated some years since. While on this subject he might mention, that there was in the room a gentleman, from Norfolk, who had come into Breconshire for the pur- pose of learning agriculture—and having been in his com- pany, he could say that he was a very amiable and worthy young man too—was it not a proud boast, that the great turuip county of Norfolk should think so highly of a Bre- conshire farmer as to send one of her youth to study the best application of turnips under his instructions, and that Englishmen should come into Wales for such purpose t Mr. Watkins concluded by saying, that as he had alluded to the subject, he begged to propose the ^health of Mr. Day, of Norfolk. Mr. Day returned thanks. The Chairman then called upon the Secretary for the award of premiums: and the following premiums and cups were presented to the fortunate winners or their represen- tatives. For the best aged bull—Mr. Williams, Abercynrig. For the second best ditto—Mr. Stephens, Sheephouse. For the best yearling ditto, dropped on or subsequent to the 1st of December, 1841—Mr. Trouncer, Sheephouse. For the second best ditto —J. Bailey, Esq., M.P., Glanusk. For the best pair of two years old steers, bred in the county—Mr. Trouncer, Sheephouse. For the best yearling heifer—Mr. D. Williams, Newton. For the second best ditto—Mr. Downes, Chilston. For the best Lowland ram—Mr. Williams, Skethrog. For the best pen of two years old Lowland ewes, not less than ten in number—Mr. D. Williams, Newton. For the best pen of yearling wethers, not less than five in number—Mr. Williams, Abercynrig. For the best mountain ram—Mr. Williams, Manest Court. For tne best pen of mountain wethers, three years old, not less than ten in number, kept on the mountain till the 1st of July previous to shewing, for the hundreds of Mer- thyr and Builth—Mr. Jones. Coedmawr. For the best pen as above for the hundreds of Talgarth and Crickhowell —Mr. Ricketts, Courtllaca. For the best pen as above, for the hundreds of Devyn- nock and Penkelly-Mr. Williams, Manest Court. For the best boar—Mr. Evans, Castle Hotel. For the best sow—Mr. Evans, Castle Hotel. For the best pony, not exceeding 13 hands high or six years of age, and bred in this county—Mr. Williams Manest Court. For the best cow in milk, on a farm not exceeding in rent f50 per annum, the occupier gaining a livelihood solely thereby—Mr. William ^Powell, Llanvihangel Nant- bran. A silver cup given byjLloyd Vaughan Watkins, Esq., for the best crop of Swedish turnips, not less than six acres, cultivated in the county of Brecknock—Mr. Williams, Abercynrig. A silver cup given by Lloyd Vaughan Watkins, Esq., for the best crop of common turnips, not less than three acres, within fthe hundreds of Merthyr, and Devynnock—Mr. Williams, Newton. A silver cup given by Colonel Gwynne Holford, of Buck. lane, for the best three years old nag colt or filly, bred in the county, and exhibited by the breeder—Rev. R. W. P. Davies, Courtygollen. A silver cup given by Colonel Gwynne Holford, of Buck- land, for the best cart colt or filly, three years old, bred and exhibited as above—Mr. E. Williams, Pipton. A silver cup given by Joseph Bailey, Esq., M.P., for the best cart stallion, not to cover at any place exceeding twenty miles from the town of Brecon, 1843—Mr. Stephens, Sheephouse. A silver cup given by John Parry de Winton, Esq., for the best bull, cow, and offspring, in the hundred of Devyn- nock the offspring being under two years of old the cow and offspring having been bred by the exhibitor; and the exhibitor; and the bull, cow, and offspring being his own property at the time of shewing, and not having won the same prize before-N 0 competitor. A silver teapot given by Colonel Wood, M.P., for the best milch cow—Mr. Trouncer, Sheephouss. A silver cup given by Walter Maybery, Esq., for the best brood mare, and foal, bona fide, the property of a resident in the county of Brecknock the mare not to be thorough- bred, and the foal to be got by a thorough-bred horse—Mr. E. Williams, Pipton. A silver cup given by J. P. Snead, Esq., for the best cart mare —Mr. Williams, Aberyskir. A silver cup given by the Rev. R. W. P. Davies, of Courtygollen, for the best yearling colt, got by a thorough- bred horse—Mr. E. Williams, Pipton. A silver cup given by Mr. Jones, of Crickhowell, for the best six yearling steers, bred by the exhibitor—Mr. Stephens, Sheephouse. A silver cup given by John Pewell, Esq., for the best pen of one year old Lowland ewes, not less than ten in number—Mr. Lewis Hughes, Rhydywernen. To the person occupying a farm in the county of Breck- nock, not. exceeding the value of £80 per annum, and gaining a livelihood solely thereby, who shall in the year 1843, raise the best and cheapest crop of wheat, either upon a naked fallow or a clover ley, after a previous crop of turnips, not less than three acres, soil and situation con- sidered, the sum of £2 2s—Mrs. Margaret Havard, Ynismocb. ■———
FAIRS IN APRIL.
FAIRS IN APRIL. GLAMORGANSHIRE Cwm Neath, Saturday the 15th and Saturday the 29th Reynoldstone, Saturday the 29th. BRECONSHIRE.—Devynnock, Monday the 17; Talgarth, Tuesday the 18th; Llangynnyd, Thursday the 20th. CARMARTHENSHIRE.—Carmarthen, Saturday the 1th Llangathen, Monday the 17th; Llandovery, Wednesday the 26th. RADNORSHIRE.—Llanbadarnfynydd, Friday the 28th. MONMOUTHSHIRK.^—Pontypool, Saturday the 22d Mon- mouth, Tuesday the 18te; Usk, Thursday the 20th. ELECTIONS.—Mr. Collctt, Whig, was last week elected, by a majority of six, for Atholone, over his opponent, Captain Beresford and on Thursday, Mr. Gisborne, Whig, was returned for Nottingham, by a majority of 113 over Mr. Walter, jun., the son of the late Member who was unseated on a petition at Durham, Lord Dungannon, Con- servative, has defeated Mr. Bright, by a majority of 101. HOAX.—On Saturday night week the walls of Bath were placarded with notices (having attached to them the names of London printers), stating that at the request of Mr. Roebuck, the aerial steam-coach" would commence its proceedings on Monday, by making a trip from London to this city, and that it would alight on Beechen Cliff, at half- past one o'clock, Bath time," after a journey of 20 minutes. Experience having shown us that there are no promises, however monstrous, which will not find those who are credulous enough to take them for sober seriousness, we were not surprised to see the crest and sides of Beechen Cliff croweded, at the hour named in the aforesaid bills, by some hundreds of persons, all eargerly agape for the apearance of the flying visiter from town. Large numbers stood their ground long after the appointed hour, under the conviction that the delay in the arrival of the machine was most proba- bly caused by some little mishap incident to its first journey, and that it would certainly arrive in the course of the after- noon. The house tops in the lower part of the city also dis- played numerous groups of anxious expectants.—Hath Chronicle,
To the Editor of the Advertiser…
To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. TRANSLATION of the ENGLYN lent by Alumnus Boviensis" to the last Guardian. Pedwar peth sydd hawdd i hebcor Llygod ffringig yn y scybor Gwidd mewn gardd a chwain mewn gwely A balchder mawr lie byddai tlodi." Don't envy him whose lot is curs'd, With these four ills—'mongst ills the worst:— Rats in the barn, the stable, kitchen;— Pleat in the bed, confound the itching — Moles in the garden, crops up-turning Hard up, a heart with Prids that's burning. B., Y. To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. SIR,—In compliance with the desire of your correspondent ALUMNUS BOVIENSIS," in your last number, for a Trans- lation of the Stanza "Pedwar peth sydd hawdd eu hebcor," &c., the following is respectfully transmitted, and, although it is a subject of more than little difficulty to be translated verbatim, it is anticipated that it will be received with satis- faction by him, and all admirers of the language to which the inhabitants of the Principality adhere with such faithful and patriotic pertinacity:— Four things 'tis easy to refrain Rats in a barn amongst the grain Moles in a garden, Fleas in a bed, And haughty Pride 'midst want of bread. Although all compositions in verse must suffer considerably by Translation, especially from Welsh to English, as the idioms of the languages are so different, and the Welsh being so much more copious of words, in consequence of which it is rather difficult to find English words which express the exact meaning, the one comprising according to the account of some of the best linguists in Wales, nearly two hundred thousand words, while the other contains only about thirty- seven thousand—yet, notwithstanding this contrast, it is pre- sumed that the above stanza will be found to be nearly literal, and that it has retained the primitive meaning of the author. I am, Sir, yours obediently, MYNYDDWR. Dowlais, April 11th, 1843. To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. SIR,—The Rev. E. Griffith, having stated at a recent public meeting in Merthyr, that six children had been com- pelled to leave the Sunday School under his superintendence to attend those of the Church, in consequence of their being in the National School. That statement having called forth cries of "shame!" at the said meeting, and also created a prejudice in the neighbourhood against the Church Schools. I beg to inform the public, through the medium of your widely circulated paper, that after repeated applications to Mr, G. for his authority, or the names of the children alluded to, without receiving any reply, I have adopted measures for investigating the charge, the result of "Which enables me (on behalf of my fellow-superintendents, and the teachers of the said schools) to declare that it is alto- J gether unfounded. I am, Sir, your obedient servant, O. SHELLARD, Superintendent and Secretary. Merthyr, April 11th, 1843. To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. SIR,—I would thank you to notice in your columns a disgraceful assemblage of cock-fighters from Bristol, Cardiff, &c., and from this neighbourhood, which took place on Monday last, near the Mountain-Ash-Bridge, on the confines of the parishes of Aberdare and Llanwonno. I remember the time when such a congregation of blackguards would not have ventured upon that spot. The usual scenes of swearing, cruelty, drunkenness, arid fighting, ensued. The principal actors from hereabouts, were Edward Hughes, who keeps a public-house at Glvoyd-y- Vagwr, near Taimawr; and an elderly man, known as David, Pontmaen. The magistrates, unfortunately, did not hear of it till too late but measures have been taken to prevent a recurrence of so.disgraceful a scene. Your obedient Servant, Merthyr, April 12, 1843. G. O. To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. SIR,—I feel persuaded that your love of" Truth," as shown by the motto of your paper, will induce you to insert the following remarks on two letters in the Guardian of last Saturday, in which reference is made to myself. The letter signed Veritas," I should consider quite un- worthy my notice as containing a false charge expressed in an unmanly, ungentlemanly, and unchristian manner, but, for the sake of my friends, it is my duty to say a few words in reference to it, and to charge the author with grossly mis- representing my remarks in the same manner as that man would misrepresent Scripture, who quoted There is no God," instead of The fool hath said in his heart there is no God." I pass over the abuse contained in the second paragraph, as unworthy the notice of a gentleman, and as reflecting more discredit^on^the author, than it can possibly injure me. The 3rd, 4th and 5th paragraphs are full of misrepre- sentations, stating only part of sentences, "and thus only con- veying garbled truths. The account given by your own reporter would be nearer the truth. The 6th paragraph is worthy of the signature, and I con- sider it no disgrace to have said That education should be free and unseclarian, and that its intention is to enlarge the mind and call forth the energies of the intellect, thus enabling the educated to judge for himself." I thank the writer for part of his advice, viz.,—to read the bill. This paragraph enables me by its internal evidence shrewdly to guess the source whence the letter of Veritas" came, for it is nearly verbatim what a gentleman said to me at the close of the meeting. If I am not mistaken that per- son is the competent and credible witness" referred to, and it was his duty, as an honest man, to tell the whole truth, and to state that I expressly said that I had nothing to do with the whole bill,—hence this advice to read it through is quite superfluous. In leaving this letter I would just tell" Veritas," that I have thought again and again on the clauses of the bill, and I now repeat as my settled conviction that carried out to their full extent they would prevent men from worshipping God under their own vines and under their own fig trees, none daring to make them afraid." Now then for "Clericus," his letter is the letter of a gentleman, though very intolerant, and he will allow me to ask him— I, If he knew the object of the meeting ? It was not to oppose a bill, but clauses in a bill; and though I had not read the whole bill, I had read carefully the obnoxious clauses, as "v eritas" bears witness. II, If so few Dissenting ministers are possessed of the slightest shaTre of liberal knowledge, how comes it to pass that at the present day, the leading standard literature comes from the pen of Dissenters, and also that the majority of the prizes taken at the Universities, to which they may obtain admission, are taken by Dissenters and further, how is it that the Bishops so gladly ordain renegade Dissenters, thus introducing into the establishment men of such limited education ? III, If the Church established by law is so fitted to instruct the human race, how is it that in Merthyr and Dowlais she has so long neglected her duty, so that but for Dissenters thousands in this neighbourhood would have been in ignorance to the present day; and how is it that the church at Merthyr, and the chapel at Dowlais, are not better attended does this arise from the superior exertions of Dis- senters 1 or from unholy disputes between the Clerg)mell 1 or from both causes Leaving these queries with" Clericus," I remain, Mr. Editor, Most respectfully yours, EDWARD GRIFFITH, English Independent Minister.
.ø,ø,ø ANTI-FACTORY BILL MEETING. To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. SIR,—The Rev. Mr. Griffith, Independent minister, of this place, having expatiated largely at the above meeting, upon the exclusiveness of the Bill, and its tendency to foster and promote proselytism to the Church, and baying charitably asserted, that the Clergy would omit no opportunity of using improper influence over the children, supporting his declara- tion by a statement, that six children had been induced to desert the school under his superintendence for the Church Sunday-schools, they being in the National-school, I am reluctantly compelled to beg the favour of the insertion of this letter in your paper, by which I unhesitatingly declare, that his charge, as to the children leaving his school for the Church-schools, under the circumstances stated, has no foundation in truth. On Monday, the 3rd instant, I spoke to Mr. Griffith on the subject of the charge, requesting him to give me the names of the children in question, and of the persons who unduly influenced them. He promised to do so, adding that Mr. Shellard (one of the gentlemen who superintends the schools in the absence of the clergy,) was satisfied as to two. But how was he satisfied 1 That no unusual influence had been exercised. I have not heard from Mr. Griffith since my interview with him. To satisfy the public as to the liberality manifested towards the children of the Merthyr National-schools, I need say no more than, that out of 134 children present at the Boys' National-school last week, 59 attend the Church Sunday- schools, 63 Dissenting-schools, and 12 no school. Several of the children in the Giris'-school attend Dissenting Sunday-schools. All the children are required to attend the Church once, at least, every Sunday—for this reason, to which I am persuaded no Christian will object, that those who have the superintendence of the schools may be satisfied, that they do not absent themselves ffom the house of God on his holy day. I remain, Sir, Your obedient Servant, Parsonage, April 11,1843. THOS. WILLIAMS. N.B. The attendance of the children at Church, would not prevent their attending Mr. Griffith's school, hud they the desire. T. W. To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. "Alumnus's" plagues are reckoned at four rats in the barn, he considers a sore in garden, a mole; and fleas in a bed; in poverty, pride. Let's wish the four dead. There is another plague, Mr. Editor, which Alumnus" knows nothing of, and that is THE GOUT. The Gout is about me most-bitter, Tearing my Toes like a Tiger; Its anguish and its anger, ,■ Its keen bite who can bear T" A Welsh translation of the above English Englyn is par- ticularly requested by A PILL BOX. To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. SIR, I send to my old acquaintance Alumnus Boviensis," a translation of his Englyn to prove that I am the "real Peter Bell." I would have put plagiarism in the fourth line in lieu of pride, had not my ear for prosody been something better than that of J. W. C., (Crepidam) Lord keep us all from four consams, If From Norway rats in well filled barns, From moles in fields, from fleas in beds, .1..41: And pride of Bridgend cobblers' heads. UMBRA JOHANNIS HOPKINI BOVIENSIS.
COLONEL SIBTHORR's MOTION FOR A REDUCTION ON THE DUTY OF FIRE INSURANCE.—As most of our readers are men of property, we beg to draw their most serious at- tention to the propriety, nay, their imperative duty of sup- porting the gallant Colonel's motion, by calling public meetings and sending petitions to the legislature without any delay. Three shillings per cent. per annum duty, at these acknowledged distressed times, is really too high, and were it reduced one half, as it should, even the revenue, as well as the public at large, would be greatly benefitted. We call on every patriot to lend his signature to so desirable and substantial a reform. MR. VIGERS'S PATENT PROCESS FOR PURIFYING AIR A very interesting experiment was lately made at No. 3,. Alderman's-walk, Bishopsgate, illustrative of this valuable process, in the presence of several gentlemen largely interested in mines, and others of great scientific attainments, which was conducted by Messrs. Blyth, engineers, of Limehouse. The apparatus consisted of a purifying machine, in an air- tight box, communicating, by means of a small tube, with a vessel containing oxygen gas. The tube was provided with a stop-cock, in order to .admit or exclude the oxygen. A lighted candle was placed in the box, which was hermetically sealed, and the supply of oxygen cut off. The candle thus burned for three minutes and a half, and then went out. The box being opened, and the candle re-lighted, the same experiment was continued until the candle was on the point of expiring, when the machine being put into operation, and a small quantity of oxygen admitted, the candle at once re- sumed its original appearance, giving out a healthy flame, which continued for some time, and the experiment was re- peated until every gentleman present expressed himself unequivocally satisfied with the utility and importance of the invention. Some oxygen gas was generated in the room, to show the facility with which it might be done—indeed, it appeared easy to generate this gas in a table spoon over a candle. The principle thus established is an elucidation of a well-known fact, that where the air is sufficiently pure to support combustion, it is also capable of supporting life, and the experiment shows that persons can breathe freely, by means of this apparatus, in the levels of mines, without the customary air-shafts, where, otherwise, the work must be discontinued for want of air. CORNISH STEAM ENGINES.—By far the largest engine ever constructed is now in progress of manufacture at Hayle. The piston rod, which was forged last week, is 19 feet long, 13 inches diameter in the middle and 16 inches in the cone, and weighs three tons 16 It will work in an 18-inch cylinder, which will stand in the middle of another cylinder of 144 inches diameter. Five other piston rods will work between the inner and the outer cylinders. The 80-inch cylinder was cast last week, and the large one will be cast soon. The pumps are to be 64 inches in diameter! a mea- surement which may afford some idea of the size and power of the engine. It is intended for draining Haarlem Lake, in Holland.—Falmouth Packet. DEOREASE IN THE PRICE OF BRITISH IRON.—Since the commencement of 1842, a continued gradual depression in the price of English iron has taken place. In January, in that year, bar iron was -quoted at 140s.; cargo in Wales, 120s.; hoops, 200s.; sheets, 220s.; pig in Wales, 82s. 6d.; pig in Clyde, 60s. Slight advances and increasing depres- sion have marked the intervening period to the end of March, when the following prices only were obtained, being a falling off of about 23 per cent. in fifteen mouths:—bar, 105s.; cargo in Wales, 155s.; hoops, 155s.; sheets, 170s.; pig in Wales, 70s.; pig in Clyde, 4Ss. IMPORTANT MINING CASE—GREAT WHEAL PROSPER.— An action (Clouter v. Francis and Trevethan) has just been tried in the Stannaries' Court, to recover the sum of £3289 18s. 7d., with interest" of the defendants, as share- holders in the Great heal Prosper Mine, being the amount advanced by the Western District Banking Company, for carrying on the mine. In the course of evidence, elicited in a long cross-examination, it appeared that the account had been kept open entirely by acceptances—originally, two of £500, one of JE430, and one of £ 428—which were succes- si\ely renewed, and as often dishonoured, from February, 1837, to December, 1838. The action had been brought in the Vice-Warden's Court, where the plaintiff failed to get a decision in his favour. Witnesses were examined, to prove the advances of the money by the bank, and the defendants* connexion with the concern as shareholders, when the jury found a verdict tor the plaintiff, £ 1500. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION.—Mention is made in accounts from Germany of the discovery of a new telegraphic means of communication, adopted on the Upper Silesian Railway, with very successful results; its application seems to be most valuable at night, and its celerity is four times greater than that of the ordinary telegraphs. The expense, on the other hand, is represented as very trifling, it having- been estimated that the several trials made upon the occasion in question did not cost more than two silver groschene, or about three-pence. Every improvement of this kind is im- portant, as increasing the safety of railway travelling.
GLAMORGANSHIRE AND MONMOUTHSHIRE…
t CARDIFF FARMERS' CLUB. The monthly meeting was held on Saturday last, at the Angel Inn. Mr. Evan David presided. Preliminary to the business of the meeting being entered uPon, it was arranged that the following topic should form the subject of future discussion, to wit—Whether it was not dore desirable that the prizes awarded at agricultural exhi- bitions should be given in agricultural implements rather than in money. After some new members had been elected, The chairman said, that as he considered the main °hject of the club was the discussion of any subject con- nected with agriculture, he was anxious to introduce one Upon which there existed, some difference of opinion amongst j the members of the club, in order to get a little closer dis- Cussion. It was well known to them that a few months ago | a.subject engrossed all their attention, and upon which they differed rather. widely, namely—Whether the prizes awarded j the Agricultural Society of this county would not have a better tendency to improve their agriculture if given in agri- cultural implements instead of in money 1 Now he would be glad to hear the opinions of the members present, whether they thought this a proper subject for discussion at their club. Mr. Goddard thought, there could not be the least objec- tion to the discussion of that subject, or of any other connected, with the agriculture of the county. The doubts hs had entertained respecting it were, huw it could be put into practice with the small premiums. Mr. W. Evans saw no objection to it; but hoped that it would not be brought forward too hastily, in order that I those parties who felt interested in the question might have proper notice of the discussion. Mr. Williams suggested whether it had not better be de- ferred until next year, as the subjects had already been t Earned for the present vear. Mr. W. Bradley thought it might place the members ot this club in an awkward position if they should pass a reso- iution that it would be better to award implements than lnoney; for as he was opposed to it, he would not wish that the minority should be bound, or expected not to be at liberty to express their opinions upon the measure in any °ther place. Mr. Skyrme, and other members, thought, that although they were opposed to the proposal, yet they saw no objec- tion to the discussion at any meeting of this club. The chairman said, in reply to Mr. Bradley, that any ie- 801Uhou passed by this club would not preclude individua Members who should be in the minority from expressing their opinions elsewhere. From the general feeling already Evinced by the meeting, it seemed extremely probable that tlle club would not adopt such a resolution, and he leared ^hat he should find himself in a woful minority upon it. lIowever he was not discouraged, but, on the contrary, thought it more necessary that a fair, open discussion ot the 8ubject should take place, which would be likely to remove the extreme opinions now entertained on each side, and it lnlgllt possibly turn out, that the real difference between them was far less than they imagined. He also assured Mr. that he had no desire to bring the subject f^ard too hastily, for he wished that ample time should be afforded to hm and his friends to prepare themselves for the discussion. Their meeting in May would probably be considered too early. For the June meeting he (the chairman) had given Notice of a subject, which he thought they were all interested [ and which he had last year consented to deter, namely On the breed of cattle best adapted for this county ind he hoped the discussion would not be deferred until Mext year. He did not know whether any objection existed to put off the subject named for July, which being agreed to, it was resolved, that at the July meeting of this club, the subject for discussion shall be-" Whether the agriculture ot the country would be more effectually promoted if the Premiums awarded by agricultural societies consisted of new Agricultural implements instead of money." The chairman said that he had just received the report of I the Gloucester club, printed in a pamphlet, together with the whole of their last year's proceedings, comprising nearly seventy closely printed pages, which appears to be conducted great spirit and ability. He begged to call their at- tention to one thing in it, namely—that members generally Prepared a paper upon the subject they brought forward, which they read to the meeting. This mode enabled them to handle the matter better; but he did not think it was likely to produce discussion amongst the members. The subject for the evening was then proceeded with, and the chairman, in calling upon Mr. Lewis, observed, that from his long and extensive experience, no one present was 80 well qualified for introducing it. Mr. Wm. Lewis proceeded to explain his views relative to the subject of the evening—The boarding, pay, and Management of farm servants. I' From an experience of considerable length in agricultural Matters, it appeared to him that they were in the habit of attaching too little importance to the character of their farm servants. When it was borne in mind, that their property WM, in a great degree, dependant on the fidelity of a servant, that much of that property lay in the open fields, and not ttiore liable to the accidents contingent on that exposure than the discretion of a servant, it appeared to him a Matter of vast importanoe to ascertain the character of the individual on whom necessarily such reliance was to be Placed. On this head he should say there was much negli- gnce on their own part, which it was desirable to remedy. About three years ago he was fortunate in getting three Servants, some of whom were yet with him. One of these had recently died; and he mentioned the fact as a rare oc- currence in the annals of farm servitude. He had, notwith- standing, met with several bad characters, and the number 0f these, he should not hesitate to say, was in some degree I attributable to their own neglect in not getting written characters with the servants. Tradesmen ordered these things better. The utmost diligence was taken by them to ascertain the character and habits of a servant. They were in general very particular in getting the guarrantee ot a Written character. Matters, in consequence, went on well with them and there was no reason whatever why similar caution and circumspection should not be used by the farmers of this county in their own defence. About thirty-five ago there was much unanimity of feeling and pur- pose on this subject among the farmers of the neighbourhood. A number of them, in fact, had bound themselves to take no servant without a written character, Strangers, however, came among them from time to time, and the obligation thus entered into was neglected or forgotten; and he thought it desirable, if possible, again to revive a leeling of the neces- sity of having a written character with a farm servant. According to the good old Welsh custom, no farm labourer could get married until he first entered on a kind of probation as a servant. If a farm servant now offered himself, he was in general sent into the field to work, without any inquiry. There was great laxity in fhis particular. It was, in fact, a decided injustice to the old and tried servant, who had given long proof of his attachment and industry, to be brought at OUce to the level of the man who could not, or would not, produce a written character. If he could not produce a character, the inference was, that either he had not one at All, and did not deserve it; or if he had, it was of so ques- tionable a nature, that it was worse than none at all. It was of importance, he thought, particularly among the young servants of the present day, that it should be known, that Written characters would be required of them, as well from h female as the male servant. The fact of such a feeling being generally diffused among them would have the effect of making many of them deserve it; and that, he thought, ^yould be doing much good. Servants in general had rather loose notions of character. •, If they did not rob or plunder their masters, they thought all was right, not considering for a moment that their characters were as much compromised by idleness and neglect, and by which the property of their Masters was injured as if they actually plundered themselves. The loss to the farmer is the same whether he suffers in his property by the actual plunder of the servant, or by the idleness, carelessness, and neglect, which produce the same lesuh. Characters, then, and in particular that guaran- tee for capability and integrity—a written character,—was of the last importance to farmers to insist upon. A good, healthy appearance in a farm servant was in general a Passport to direct employment. On the credit of that, he forthwith sent into the field to work, and little or no inquiry made. That was the fact—a custom, he thought, they onght to set their faces against. The pretensions of farm servants were somewhat troublesome. They (the farmers) did not want learned servants—men above their business. What they wanted was active, sober, and indus- trious men who had no notions but those of the business their employers, and who would act conscientiously by them. Now it appeared to him, that if this feeling of what was to be expected in the way of qualification was generally 8!>read abroad among the young farm servants of the county, they might hope to see the effects of it when they became settled and got married. With regard to the maintenance of servants, he would say that he was partial to in-door servants. There were many conveniences attendant on that plan. Servants were in general within call. They eould anticipate the wants of the day. They became attached and domesticated, and from frequent personal intercourse with the master, they interested themselves in his affairs, and en- tyred warmly into his views. He would say, first get an honest, efficient servant, and then, if practicable, domesticate "'in, and you ensure the utmost amount of available co- Operation that, under the circumtances of his position, can be c*pected. The chairman fully agreed with Mr. Lewis, that it would )e a most desirable object, if the farmers in the neighbour- hood adopted the course he had recommended and lie could 'ear testimony, that twenty or thirty years ago much more caution was practiced in the hiring of servants than is fol- ded at present. He would make a few remarks upon the J'°tice of lodging and boarding farm servants in the house, Jhich, in his opinion, affected the interests and comforts of (jle farmer, if not of society in general, in a very material egree. The custom he considered to be a very old one in Us county; for thirty or forty years ago all the unmarried e'e invariably lodged and boarded in the farm-houses; sides which, a great many of the married labourers were cuso oarded, but not lodged and, in his opinion, this old ^ustom was a very excellent one. Of late years the practice n°t so generally adopted and if we had made this step I <a Wrou& direction, the sooner we retraced it the better. Scotland the system is still carried on, although not ex- \v accoi'ding to the practices in this county. There they Ol'e either boarded or paid in kind, but seldom lodged. Ur mode, no doubt, entailed additional trouble on the aioaer's family, but as he considered it so beoeticial to both [ parties it should not, on that account, be relinquished. The farmer produces all the necessaries required by the labourer and the conversion of so large a portion of his produce into money upon the premises saved him all the trouble of taking it to market. The labourer was also far better able to do a day's work when he obtained good and wholesome food. To the labourer it must be equally desirable, in placing him be- yond the influence of those sudden fluctuations in the price of his food: for when he is boarded, or is paid the greater portion of his wages in kind, for the support of himself and family, it must reconcile him to his situation, and prevent dissatisfaction. I think you will likewise invariably find, that a long residence under the master's roof has the strongest tendency to produce feelings of respect between the employer and the employed and in after life the con- duct of the latter is much more orderly and respectful. Having always entertainsd a favourable opinion of this old custom, I have adhered to it as closely as circumstances would permit; but upon a large establishment it is difficult to adopt it to the extent it ought. And as a proof that I am not now advocating it for the first time because provisions are cheap, I may observe, that about ten years ago, previous to the passing of the Poor-law Act, a string of querries were circulated throughout the country on the condition, &c., of the labourer and in my replies, which were all printed along with others, I pointed out, as strongly as I could, the great advantages of lodging and boarding farm servants in the house, and remarked upon the injurious tendency of conferring a settlement by hiring and service had in pre- venting the practice from being more generally adopted tor in many small parishes hirings for a year were altogether avoided solely on this account. I likewise find that the system is very strongly recommended by one who devoted a long life in the service of agriculture, namely, the late Sir John Sinclair, He says, with reference to the practice of boarding and paying farm servants and labourers in kind, as practised in Scotland,—" That there is no where to be met with more active, respectable, and conscientious servants, than those who are kept according to this system.. There is hardly an instance of their soliciting relief from the public, &c. Thev become attached to the farm, take an interest in its prosperity, and seldom think of removing from it." The Rev. H. J; Thotnas fully agreed in what had been stated in favour of lodging and boarding the farm servants in the house. It had a most beneficial influence upon their behaviour; and they became far better members of society. Mr. Richards continued to adopt the practice of lodging and boarding all his servants, and most of his labourers and he strongly recommended others to do the same, for he believed it was by far the most economical system. Mr. Watson considered the subject of managing farm servants a very important one; and the meeting was greatly indebted to Mr. Lewis for bringing it forward; and he hoped the meeting would not separate withont adopting a resolution in favour of the practice recommended, of not hiring a servant without having a previous good character from his last employer. A resolution, expressive of the expediency of recurring, if possible, to the old system of domesticating servants, and not hiring them without a written character,jwas then agreed to, and the meeting separated. NEATH. TOWN HALL, NEATH.—Friday 7.—[Before F. Fredericks, Hugh Gwynne, Henry Thomas, Griffith Llewellyn, and N. E. V. Edwards, Esq rs. ] Thomas Williams, of the parish of Cadoxton Juxta Neath, was charged by Thomas Smith, wooder to W. Williams, Esq., Aberpergwm, with having in his posession a quantity of timber the property of the said W. Williams, Esq, fined 40s including costs. Mr. Williams, publican, Aberavon, was charged by P. C. Peter Wright, with permitting drunk and disorderly persons in his house on the 31st of January last, the case was postponed from the 3rd of Febuary until the 7th of April, this being the third offence he was ordered to pay £ 1 10s. and costs, and give up his license. P. C. G. Jones, No. 10, charged Thomas Hopkins, of the Pelican beer house, with permitting drink- ing in his house after the hour of eleven o'clock, on the night of Saturday April the 1st. The magistrates thought it did not come under the spirit of the law, as the parties in the house at the time being quite sober, the case was dismissed with a caution. Henry Jones, of the parish of Cadoxton Juxta Neath, charged Evan Morgan with assaulting him, the complainant not proving the assault had to pay 13s. and costs. On Sunday, the 2nd instant, at Ponthrydyven, near Aberavon, a disgraceful brute, named Stamford, about 20 years of age, decoyed a child, six years old, to an unoc- cupied house, and there attempted to commit a most infamous assault upon her; but, luckily, the child's brother happening to pass interrupted the monster, who, however, unfortunately succeeded in making his escape. The police and constables of the neighbourhood are uilceasing in their efforts to apprehend the miscreant; and we hope, for the sake of justice, their efforts will ultimately be attended with success. The colliers in the employ of the Ystalefera Iron Company at the Wern Pit returned to their woik on Monday week, the 3rd instant, an arragement, satisfactory both to the men and their employers, having been come to. SWANSEA. ROBBERY OF PLATE AT SWANSEA.—On Sunday last, the butler of the Rev. Dr. Hewson absented himself from his masters house. A quantity of plate being missed at the time information was conveyed to Mr. William Rees, the super- intendent of police. Mr. Rees instantly took the necessary steps, and was fortunate enough to discover in the course of the evening that a large proportion of the missing property had been pledged by some women, at Mr. Marks, pawn- broker, Castle-street; and on Monday morning the whole of the remainder of the missing property was found, pledged by the same parties, at Mr. Moses's shop, High-street. Edward Howell, the man suspected of having stolen Dr. Hewson's plate, has been apprehended by policemen Lodwich and Bennett, in a house situate in White Walls. DEATH BY DROWNING.—As Mr. Price, of Llwynmendy, near Llandgadock, Carmarthenshire, was returning home from Llandilo, on the night of Wednesday last, it is sup- posed that on crossing the river Towy, then in a highly swollen state occasioned by the late heavy rain, he must have been washed off his horse and drowned. The horse was found next morning near the place all wet. It is re- ported in the neighbourhood of Llandovery, that a man's hat has been found in the river Towy, near Abergwilly. The body of the unfortunate individual has not yet been found.