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j To the Editor of the Advertiser…



DREADFUL COLLIERY EXPLOSION.—TWENTY- SEVEN LIVES LOST. At Newcastle-on-Tyne, one of those fearful catastrophes, unfortunately so common in this district, occurred on Wed- nesday morning, shortly before 8 o'clock, in the Stormont Main Collieij, the property of Mr. John Grace and part- ners, at Wreckington, about two miles from this place, and was attended by a tremendous sacrifice of human life, there having been 27 men and boys killed, and six or seven others seriously injured. The catastrophe, though thus melan- choly in its results, does not appear to have been marked by any of those violent and appalling circumstances which have frequently attended accidents of a similar nature in this •- neighbourhood. The men employed at the mouth of the pit had no conception that such an accident had occurred until a boy was drawn up much burnt, and even then they were made aware of but a small extent of the calamity. There were upwards of 50 persons engaged in the pit at the time; and of these more than 30 worked in the western part of the mine where the explosion occurred. The damage done to the pit is remarkably trifling, scarcelj exceeding in value a few shillings, not so much as a prop having been driven from its place. Nor did the bodies of the sufferers present any of those harrowing features which are generally witnessed after an explosion very few were burnt at all, and even they comparatively slightly, while the majority were perfectly uninjured. There is, therefore, little, if any — doubt, that the loss of life is attributed, not to the fire, but to the after damp," or, less technically speaking, the noxious gas which succeeded, and was produced by the ex- plosion. How the accident originated will probably remain matter of conjecture. The most current explanation-and the one which most readily suggests itself-is, that while Mr. Matthias Gray, the under-viewer (and one of the suf- ferers), was passing a working which had been for some days considered to be in a dangerous state, the foul air was 1; ignited by his light; and the men who were employed on both sides of that place were these who perished. -q 'i THE LAUT-LEATSHIP.-Our readers will, we think, be gratified to learn that her Majesty has offered the office made vacant by the death of his friend Southey to Words- worth. Her Majesty deserves all honour for this fitting tribute of respect to the greatest of living poets-to one whose pure and exalted mind has ever been devoted to the cause of virtue and of cheerful godliness. Mr. Wordsworth has gratefully declined the proffered honour on account of his age. CERTIFICATES OF MARRIAGE The following letter is from the Office of Stamps and Taxes, dated, London, April 4, 1843 Sir,-I have laid before the Board of Stamps and Taxes your letter of the 17th ult., and in reply I am directed to inform you, that a certificate of anarriage' is liable, under the stamp act of 55th George III., c. 184, to a stamp duty of 5s. but a certified copy of or extract from the parish register of marriages does not come within that description. On such copies or extracts no stamp duty is — chargeable, by whomsoever signed or given. I am, Sir, your obedient servant, Thomas Keogh, Assistant-Secretary.—The Rev. John Thomas." V; HONEYMOON EXTRAORDINARY.—The men of the 4th Dragoons, at present stationed at Chichester, have evinced such a very strong anti-Malthusian disposition, that the officers have found it necessary to subject them to a very strong check. On Sunday se'nnight a happy pair" were joined together in the bonds of wedlock at the subdeanery church, but the bridegroom and father" had no sooner reached the barracks than they were placed in confinement for breach of discipline in getting married 11 without leave." Ten couple have had an unpleasant veto put on their pro- gress in the course of love, which, of a truth, certainly never does run smooth. CiiiNA.-Extract of a letter from Chusan, dated Dec., 1842 This island is assuming already an active and bustling appearance (at least, this town, Tinghae, the capital) from the number of Chinese tradesmen, artificers, &c., which are now established here, and seem very peaceable and well disposed towards us and our authority, and the mandarines are very civil, and in no way troublesome. All this arises from the good conduct of our troops and people, and the punctuality with which everything is paid for. The China- men begin to see very plainly the great benefit to themselves by their trade and intercourse with us. The island is a very beautiful one, and seems very well, indeed, adapted for a principal trading place for us. A great deal might be made of it, but as we are to give it up when all the money is paid, it is not worth while to go to any expense. The climate is very fine now. Chusan has not been at ail overrated by Captain Ouchterloney's published account of it last year, or by Sir James Urmston's description, published I few years ago. It is a noble island foj a British colony. COOPER, THE CIIARTIST.-This Cooper is a singular m-- Well informed on many points-quick, subtle, and remark- ably fluent, he raises great expectations of a display of extraordinary ability, which his performances do not realize. His shrewditess and subtlety rarely elevate him above craft and cunning; and he exhibits a deficiency in those higher powers which are the usual attributes of a noble mind. Self-conceit and love of notoriety appear to be his beset- ments. The maggot of vanity has got into his head, and is eating away his brain one consequence is, that throughout this trial he has afforded a fine exemplification of the maxim insisted on by the gentlemen of the legal profession, that he who conducts his own case has a fool for his client. Cooper having been previously convicted of conspiring with Feargus O'Conner and others in Lancashire, will probably receive a higher sentence than Richards but the sentence on Cooper, under this conviction, is likely to be very slight-Stafford- shire Mercury. Dr. Bailey, recently convicted for forgery, was shipped for New South Wales on Wednesday se'nnight. Mr. Mordon, the inventor of the patent pencil-case, died very suddenly at an early hour on Monday se'nnight of apoplexy, after only an hour's illness. He had been previ- ously in perfect health. THAMES TUNNEL.—Throngs continue to visit this new wonder." In one day last week 20,799 persons passed through,