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Monmouthshire Assizes.



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To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. I am anxious to find out, from your Monmouthshire or other readers, whether any lineal" descendants of Mr. Catching of Trelleck, and Mr. Jones of Uske," two of the Parliamentary Commissioners for South Wales, in 1644, are now living ? The above individuals are supposed to have behaved very kindly to the pious Jeremy Taylor when he was takfn prisoner, with Colonel Charles Gerard and other royalists, before the Castle of Cardigan, on the 4th February, 1644. Colonel Langharn, Governor of Pembroke Castle, was the chief Parliamentary officer then in South Wales. Your obedient Servant, A ROYALIST. To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. Having sent some Latin verses, which have received rery satisfactory Translations in your columns, I now send a Welsh Englyn, of which I ask for a Translation in verse, and may the best Translator be ever exempt from the four plagues therein specified. ALUMNUS BOYIENSIS. Pedwar peth sydd hawdd i hebcor Llygod ffrengig yn y scybor Gwadd mewn gardd a chwain mewn gwely A balchder mawr lie byddai tlodi. Ilebcor-the old adverb for icithcut. To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. Many of your readers may be glad to see the following Epitaph on Griffith Lloyd, Esq., of Cwmgwilly, Carmarthen- shire, who was one of the scholars of the celebrated Jeremy Taylor (afterwards Bishop of Down) and William Nichol- son (sometime Rector of Llandilo Yawr, and afterwards Bishop of Gloucester) when these two eminent men (assisted by William Wyat, Prebendary of Lincoln), kept a School at Newton Hall, in the parish of Llanmihangel, Car- marthenshire, during the troubles of the Commonwealth :— M.S. Griffini Lloyd, de Cwmgwilly, Armigeri, qui, honestis parentibus, Llanarthnei natus, literarum tyroeinia posuit sub summis yiris Gul. Nicholsono, Ep. postea Glocestrensi, et Jer. Tayloro, Ep. Dunensi, qui, g-rassante Cromwellii tyran- nide, in hac vicinia victum queritabant. -e8- TURNPIKE ROADS. To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. —"A Rate-payer," misconceiving the existing rights of creditors, supposes that a clause intended to regulate, in certain cases, the collection of tolls, will have the effect of altering their application. He may have been misled by a clause in the County Act (7th and 8th Geo. 4), which is inapplicable to the case supposed. Instead of "opposing the enactment of the intended measure," rate-pavers would better attain their end, by petitioning for a clause requiring trustees, annually, to devote such a portion of their funds towards the discharge of debts as would ensure their full liquidation. By thus freeing creditors from the apprehension of losing their capital, trustees would, in most instances, be permitted to keep possession and could apply the surplus towards repairing their roads. A CREDITOR AND RATE-PAYER. "1 To the Edilorof the Advertiser and Guardian. SIR,—Ere the arrival of this communication it is very probable that you will have received a report of the sayings and doings of the Dissenting ministers of Merthyr, and'their friends, relative to Sir James Graham's Factory Bill;" and as the sanctity of the pulpit is generally supposed to exceed that of the press, it is equally probable that those who could be guilty of wilful misrepresentation in the former, may feel disposed to indulge the same propensity in the latter.' On this supposition I am induced to solicit the favour of your finding room for the following statements, the correctness of which may be relied on, as they are copied from notes taken at the meeting by a competent and credible witness. Pursuant to notice (or a long series of notices), a meeting of the more active members of the several Dissenting- bodies took place at Zoar chapel, 011 Friday, the 31st ult., for the purpose of getting up a petition against the before-mentioned bill. The Rev. Mi. Evans, Wcslcyan minister, having been voted to the chair, briefly opened the business of the meet in^, which wras subsequently addressed by D. W. James, Esqt, (the champion of Civil and religious liberty:" in this neighbourhood,) and the Revs. Owen Griffith", Williams, T. Davies, — Davies (Dowlais), — Jones; and Mr.Wm! Morris. Passing over the numerous misstatements of Mr. Owen, and his appeals to the prejudices and passions of his audience, together with the harmless weakness of several other speakers, I shall briefly notice some of the choicest specimens of pulpit oratory with which the Revs. E. Griffith and T. Davies indulged their hearers. The first divine (who presides over the spiritual instruction of our brethren frae north o' th' Iweed,") having apologised for the necessity of his addressing the meeting" in a foreign (i.e., the English) language," proceeded to tell them somcr thing about the British lion having been roused, and seemed to speak and act, not with the meekness and docility of the lamb, which would more accord with the sacred character of the ministerial officc but with the spirit and roar of the lion, as better suited to the tastes of his audience than the clearness of definite ideas-the calmness of enlightened reason—or the correctness of logical argument. I complain not here of his arrogant boast about non-conformity, neither do I intend entering upon a long discussion, as to its being more consistent with the blessed Gospel' than Mother Church,' (as he would ironically call our venerable Establishment,'); but I would counsel him to be more discreet in his conduct, and not to speak so lightly or un- charitably of that bulwark of our faith, which has proved for ages the pride and glory of our land. Previous to his ascending the pulpit (for from that sacred place each speaker gave utterance to his opinions,) this imitator (1) of our great Exemplar, was busily engaged in turning over the leaves of the obnoxious bill; and when called upon by the chairman, he, with an air of self-com- placency, approaching to triumph, carried it to the place where he grossly misrepresented its enactments, declaring that the Inspector was to be appointed by the Archbishop of Canterbury that their children would be "compelled to attend the Church Schools every Sunday that the children's bread would be taken from them by the Clerical trustees," &c., &c. He also gra-velv told his hearers, that the Clerical trustee might appoint a brother Clergyman as Schoolmaster; that lie would then apply to the Bishop for a license, and thus convert the School-room into a Chapel of Ease." Rather an indirect testimony to the laborious character of our Clergy, clearly proving that Mr. G. is persuaded they need only room and opportunity to labour cheerfully in the service of their Lord and Master;" and evidencing his aversion to the Gospel being thus preached, even 11 without money and without price," by the recognised ministers of our land. That Government knew they (the Dissenters) would not give their money to build Churches, and that this was a sort of trap, by which to get the money out of their pockets to promote the power and influence of the Church." lie lamented, most bitterly, that the children would be unavoid- ably obliged to attend Church on fast-days. Why ? because the Chapels were not open on those days." Yet this same gentleman said nothing before of the children being allowed to attend Chapel on the Sunday, when they are always open but endeavoured to convince his audience that there was no hope that they mnst attend Church;" and thus (I presume) in the language of the editor of the Sunday-School Magazine." they would be in danver fur both worlds But while he was so long and loud in denouncing the proposed plan of education, I patiently listened in expectation of some more definite ideas upon what a government scheme of education should be; at length I was startled with the announcement, that they should teach the children to think, but not what to think expand their minds and qualify them to judge for themselves, without giving them a creed, or any sectarian bias." As this was loudly cheered, and seemed to be the climax of his gigantic efforts, I would pause for a moment to consider its force and tendency. It is a well-known fact, that "knowledge is power and it is equally true that knowledge is simply power, either for good or evil; and by a reference to the results of inquiries which have been from time to time instituted upon this subject, it will be found that irreligious, or unsanctified knowtedge has proved a curse rather than a blessing; that without a religious bias the expansion of the mind has led to the commission of crime to an extent of which the parties were incapable, while in a state of ignorance. 11 But," exclaimed our friend, give them religious knowledge, but don't let it partake of a sectarian character." In reply, I would advise our friend to peruse the bill-the whole bill, and the explanation of the term teaching." as given by Sir James Graham, the framer of the bill; and he will find that it is not so sectarian as he now seems to imagine but is precisely the same system as that adopted by the British and Foreign School Society, which has the confidence of the Dissenters. Let him also think again, before he declares that it would interfere with his rights, as a man and as a Christian and that it would not allow him to worship God "under his own vine and fig-tree, none daring to make him afraid." It was my intention to have begun, continued, and ended this affair in the limits of one letter; but I fear it would be an unpardonable offence to trespass further at present, I must, therefore, leave the address of our little friend of the High-street establishment until next week. In the mean time, I beg to remain, Your most obedient Servant, VERITAS. -e.f) To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. SIN,—On my return from the Monmouth assizes, this day. my attention was directed to a conversation, held between the magistrates at the quarter sessions, at Cowbridge, on Tuesday last, respecting the removal of convicts. On that subject R. O. Jones, Esq., directed the attention of the magistrates to the large expense attending the removal of convicts from Cardiff gaol, as compared with the amount for the same purpose, from Swansea. As without explanation on my part, it may be supposed that an unnecessary expense has been incurred, I would beg to make the following statement:— The government allowance for the removal of convicts is 12s. per day for myself, and 6s. for an assistant. If a regu- larly employed person of the gaol be selected, and whose stated salary still goes on, (is. only is charged but when an extra assistant is taken, in consequence of its not being ex- pedient to weaken the strength at the gaol, I have charged 10s. per day, not considering 6s. a sufficient remuneration. Some time since Mr. Cox mentioned to me, and complained of the low scale of charges allowed, when I told him I paid the 10s. This arrangement he entirely approved of, and I had no idea but that his charge was the same as mine. It is as well to add, that the charge in question has been made and allowed by government for the last six years. With respect to this subject it is requisite to state, that with one extra assistant, or even two, supposing the convicts arc desperate characters, nine convicts may be removed at little more expense than one, the difference consisting, principally, in the carriage money. I mention this, as a contrast was drawn at the sessions, which might produce a wrong im- pression, were not the facts of the case known. Thanking you for the space allowed in your journal, I am, your very obliged and obedient Servant, JOHN B. WOODS, April G, 1843. Governor of the County Gaol, Cardiff. .###. To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. SIR,—Although a constant, general reader of your paper, so litte attention do I bestow on your Poets' Corner, and your epistolary disputations, that the correspondence con- nected with the "Lines" from Bridgend entirely escaped me, until I read the last letter of the "Pirate," in your paper of the 1st inst. 1 then perused the whole. Who J.W.C." may be I know not; or who the Pirate" may be I know not; but if ever writer stood convicted of gross plageary, that writer is your poetical contributor, J.W.C. Nor would the matter be worth a thought, if to the most unblushingimpudence and the most vulgar scurrility he had not superadded the most shameless falsehood-asserting his ignorance of Bryant's poem, and maintaining the originality of his own. Of the humanising effect of polite "literature such a mind can know nothing; and afier this exposure, J.W.C. will not, I hope, in any shape but that of the deepest contrition find further space in a paper which, having adopted Truth" for its motto, is bound to protect its interests against all invaders. Your obedient Servant, PLAIN SENSE. Cardiff, April 4, 1843. =

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