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THE IMAGINARY MIRROR OF PARLIAMENT.
THE IMAGINARY MIRROR OF PARLIAMENT. Being Oratorical defences of Conservative Statesmen. By JOSEPH DOWNES, Author of the "MOUNTAIN DECAMERON." „ THUGGISM AND THE ANTI-CORN LAW LEAGUE! (Concluded from our last.) Sir, let me disclaim all design of imputing to any man, however weak, rash, insolent, or headstrong may be his folly, the dreadful crime of blood-guiltiness in design, which L), in the sight of God, murder. I am willing to hope that the infirmity of the offender's mental vision made him purblind to the danger of pointing to any individual" as the arch enemy—as the very evil genius of another—a desperate one !—as the sole artificer of that misery which is driving him to desperation—the still more enormous danger of thus denouncing one man—the very" forcmost of the age." Not to one, but tens of thousands! not thinking educated, hut credulous, untaught sufferers-of that class which hunt down poor, decrepit old Women as witches when their cattle die, or other natural evil presses on them; who run mad about poisoned wells and such dreams, when God has o'er some high-viced city swung his poison in the sick air," and often persecute to death the most innocent men-their fellow citizens-accused of such crime, if some mischievous simpletons happen to point to them as the poisoners, the public enemies. I say, sir, that in charity we may hope that the ill-educated, worse- regulated mind of a man of trade might forget what he owed to the high office to which it had pleased mammon to call him, and bring to this assembly all the vulgar dictatorial vanity and impatience of opposition, which he indulges in market-halls or on exchange, and so pounce on the Premier, stare at him, and browbeat him (if he could), and lay hands on him, as it were, in the spirit of a bum-bailiff tapping the shoulder of a debtor, with—" I arrest you at the suit of, &c."—" Sir, I charge you at the suit of the Corn Law League, &c." Still, shall we acquit a man of heinous wickedness, who, drunk or mad, rushes into the street, like the Japanese when he has lost by gambling, and runs a muck" at his fellow-men without personal malice No!—the spontaneous indignation of so many honourable men, usually calm, always preserving the decencies of society, unless hurried out of themselves by some sudden impulse, proved that such acquittal were contrary to the innate sense of justice and mercy implanted in the hearts and minds of men (at least, civilized men) for Judex damnatur cum nocens absolvitor." Yes, yon, sir, as placed at the head of this tribunal would have shared the degradation, if snch dreadful injustice, as that committed against a statesman labouring day and night, and wearing out all his energies for the sal- vation of the state, had been suffered to pass unnoticed, and the instigator of raging, desperate men against that statesman, as their arch enemy, instead of their indefatigable, pitying friend, to walk forth absolved from the execrations he so justly encountered I repeat, I am proud as a British senator of that noble burst of humanity and honour. As a Briton, I exult in the recollection of it, as illustrating the sentiment the sentiment of our national song—" Britons never will be slaves." Never slaves to any tyrants, much less to tyrants from the counter, and dictators from the factory. I glory in it as a man for what more unmanly aggression than to pit a mob, and a starving mob, against one unoffending manl Yet have the friends of Mr. Cobden dared to talk of the right honourable baronet's unfairness in exciting the greater part of the members against his opponent, by a false interpretation of his meaning! Oh cruel and exceedingly humane gentleman. Poor Mr. Cobden was, no doubt, put in danger of his life while softly lapped in cotton within the walls of St. Stephen's. But, then, what unequal odds So many groaning, hissing against one. That one, however, gentle" friends of humanity 1" possessed one advantage, outweighing that of numbers—he could sting as well as hiss. There was a poisonous venom in his wound in a tims like this, when despairing creatures are seeking objects for their insane revenge, almost as eager as they seek a remedy and a eaviour for it is in human nature so to do. Numbers against one in the House of Commons, forsooth1. Why, sir, thousands of reckless, lawless, want-goaded, and vice-goaded men will read in their hundred organs of re- bellion and anarchy that the sole, the "individual" cause of their wants is Peel." That "he who makes work scarce and wages low is Peeland tens of thousands will catch the cry, and "Peel" is to be seen daily—too eminent to be concealed. Let him refresh himself for a day in the green country, breath what others can breath all day—its sweet air—but for one hour, there he meets the public and if that public be poisoned against him—public wrath. If he return to his toils foi that public, he cannot walk down to his la- bour-house without meeting the same—wrath. What, is the anger of gentlemen roused by no appeal to their hunger, or their hungry wives and little ones, only excited by just emotions, restrained by the habits of gentlemen from in- flicting coarser chastisement, however merited, compared with that anger which lours from under the frowning brows of miserable men at any object believed to delight in their misery, to have produced it, to be perpetuating it indivi- dually Vox et prwtera nihil! The case, therefore, stands thus. A. charges B. with enormous criminality—he denounces him—not to law, not to justice (for there is, as yet, no law that recognises as crime tbe differing from Mr. Cobden in opinion), but to Lynch law-but to the wikl justice of popular wrath, as the sole cause of national suffering. B. ventures to declare his impatience of such charge, as amounting to a threat. A.'s friends are indignant at this, as exposing the threatener to the consequences of his own act. Why, if his life were en, dangered by the anger of the house, instead of his ears and cheek (if he is not yet past sense of shame and power to blush), what is that to B. ] His shame or his expulsion from the house would be the result of his own outrageous injustice, and B. would but point the retribution, not award or inflict it. This ridiculous turning of the table, this wilful confounding of aggressor and sufferer, is as droll in its audacity of trick as any thing ever heard of. It reminds me of a pleasant anecdote told by Lord Bacon, how a brazen- faced rogue being brought before the judge at assize for trial, for some crime, cried out, hastily, pointing to his lord- ship, I swear the peace against yonder man, for I go in fear of my life from him." I go in fear of my character," quoth Mr. Cobden, from that man, for he evokes the spirit of justice, of humanity, against me, in the minds of all 4 to the despicable quibbling by which the man I *ndiisJJefVenders have tried to evade the consequences of ) ife-ateocifv, I can only say, that I cannot even understand f;< j theiK'X^ft'-Vrawn distinction (without a difference) between by" virtue of an office," or as the head of a and personal responsibility. It is to be expected, P ) me coauft^a crowd suffer, as they are told, by one man's cruelty—will comprehend, and be appeased by such casuistry Every one knows, every one feels that the words conveyed a direct threat of punishment. At what tribunal ? There exists none to put a Prune Minister on his trial for not obeying a league, except that of the mob. Sir Robert Peel, first adviser of her Majesty, was required either to make Mr. Cobden his first adviser—aye, dictator, too!—or cease to be her's. This was the express requisition—the modest demand, the refusal of which was to be visited by the vengeance of his believers and followers. It cannot be denied, that he who instigates others to any crime is himself an arch criminal. Qui facit per alios facit per sea And what species of penalty is inflicted by the Pellple Souveraine in rebellions of the belly," as they have been emphatically termed, is too terribly proved by all his- tory. Did he not know that an attempt, seemingly prompted by a foolish belief iu that monstrous accusation reiterated by him against Sir Robert Peel, had just been made upon that valuable life1-for that attempt (it matters not whether frustrated by mistake in the identity of the victim, or a pistol's missing fire, or any other accident) was unquestion- ably directed against a more exalted sufferer than him who actually suffered. And with this terrific warning of the consequence of such impressions on heated minds, maniacal or sane, before their eyes—the innocent individual who had escaped, as if by the interposing hand of the Almighty, also in his sight—the preserved hope and dependence of numbers of his countrymen—the head of her Majesty's Councils—and is it nothing to add—a father, a husband, a man of the highest moral character1? I say, this was the moment which that person selected in which, after painting the people's sufferings in the character of a popular champion to those sufferers, eager to redress their imagined wrongs to turn on that God-rescued individual, and. standing thus between him and his country, say emphatically, This is the man!" Sir, I repeat, if the huntsman hallowed the pack on to the covert of the stag—if a general pointed to a town believed tfaYagiïig by his army ere they can enjoy victory—I say, if these persons, severally, are accessory to the death of the stag—to the destruction by sword and fire of that town and its dwellers—then is the man who publicly denounces any other in a time of public calamity as its sole cause, ■ re- sponsible for all possible tragedies ensuing (which, it is a stretch of candour to say he may not wish for), and it is just to turn upon him, as he upon the Minister of the Crown, and say—" I hold you, you "individually" responsible, body and soul (for God is just), for the national delusion, mad- ness, and all the crimes and horrors which may be perpetrated in that madness against life, and innocence, and institutions, and itself." Builth.
PEMBROKESHIRE ASSIZES. THE REBECCA AFFAIR. Thomas Howells and David Howells, were indicted for having in company with other persons riotously and tumult- ously assembled together, and for having demolished and pulled down the dwelling house and toll house, of one William Rees. The indictment contained ten counts. Mr. Children stated the case to the jury and called the following witnesses: William Rees: I live at Trevaughan in the parish of Lampeter Velfrey in this county. I am tenant of the gates and tolls. I occupied the toll house, till it was destroyed. I took possession of the tolls under a new taking last Michaelmas. I slept in the toll house till January 16th, when an attack was made on the gates and house. I did not sleep there aferwards. The gates have been destroyed 3 times. I did not sleep there after the 13th January, because the house had been broken. The house had been repaired but no glass windows put in it. On the 13th of February, I was there till 10 o'clock. I was there all day looking after the gates, on the 27th January the bars were replaced and I was there collecting. I did not sleep there because the windows had not been glazed. About 10 o'clock, I went too Rees Isaac's house. I stand there till the clock struck 12 then I went to David Thomas the pen- sioner's where my bed was. I went to bed directly. When I had been in bed 6 or 7 minutes Isaacs came and told me they were breaking the gates, I went down immediately through the fields. I remained in a garden about 80 yards from the toll house. It was moonlight and freezing. I saw people on the roof of the house, making a noise and tearing down the slates. They were about 15 or 20, I could not see their features. I could hear their noise and hallooing plain enough. I heard no shooting. I was afraid to go nearer, for I thought they would injure me. They were throwing stones at those who peeped out. I saw the mob carrying away the toll bar and the timber from the roof of the house to the bridge, and to the meadow towards the river, across the field at the back of Martha Phillips house. The river runs between that meadow and the road. I went up to the toll-house, the roof was gone, the front wall down, the back wall was standing—the beams in the left were fast — at one end. I know the prisoner Thomas Howells well I have known him for 3 or 4 years, I saw him after I went to the toll-house ten minutes or a quarter of an hour after it had been pulled down. He came across the road from the pine end of Martha Phlllips' house I saw him coming over the hedge from the meadow behind Martha Phillips' house. Two or three men were with him, I did not know them. Thomas Howells said Becca has done bad work, and 'ts very cold." He said "you had better have a damper of ale that was said in Welsh. Thomas Howells went towards Trevaughan bridge and one of the men with him. A man could go to Llwndrissy from St. Clears through Whitland without coming to Trevaughan. Lewis Griffiths I am a miller living at Pentypark Mill. On the evening of the 13th of February, I went to bed at the Golden Lion, Whitland, between nine and ten. It was on the ground floor; there were two other men in the bed before me. I had taken pigs to Whitland fair. I went to sleep. The first thing I heard when I awoke was people talking; Thomas Howells was going to drench me with beer, and it ran about me he then offered it to one of the others and he took it. A man came in and said, Becca is come." Thomas Howells sat by the side of the bed talking, and I knew him afterwards by his tongue; the room was dark then; Thomas Howells and John Thomas left the room first. One of the pig-drovers came out of the room with me I followed towards Trevaughan and overtook Thomas Howells, and David Thomas, the son of the Golden Lion. Thomas Howells proposed our going down to the toll-house. I said I feared harm may come of it. We ran down the field, and crossed a trench, went over a hedge at the bottom, and crossed a foot bridge. We then went for Trevaughan Bridge. When on Trevaughan Bridge we could see people throwing down timber at the toll-house. When there, a man ran np with a gun as he came up I saw the Hash of a percussion cap after the percussion cap went off, T. Howells cried Hurrah, Becca." He then came to Thomas Howells and begged money in his hat. Howells gave him some. The man seemed to grumble, and Thomas Howells gave him something more. The man then asked money of me, and I refused. Thomas Howells asked if he should come on, and the man beckoned with the gun for him to come. We then went on to the toll-house, and saw David Howells on the roof taking down a part of the roof. He dropped his hatchet; I picked it up and gave it him. There were about 15 or 20 men taking down the house. Thomas Howells then took the gun and kept the people back. The man helped to pull down the house. He then said he must have the gun, and Thomas Howells, must work." He did not work with the shovel, An alarm was then given that somebody was coming, and the mob ran off. I ran with them into a meadow with a river on the further side of it. Thomas Howells and I came back in 5 or 6 minutes into the road. Thomas Howells spoke to a man in Welsh, I thiuk it was to Rees, the toll-keeper. T. Howells and I then went over the bridge to Watts's public- house. Some girl served him with beer. We did not see Watts. I went to the Lion, leaving Howells at Watts's house. Two of the people were disguised in woman's clothes. Cross-examined by Mr. Evans I think that all the people of the Lion got up. We three, D. Thomas, T. Howells, and myself, ran away together in one direction, and Rebecca and her daughters in another. The mob spoke mostly in English. The man who snapped the gun at me put the gun at the time to his shoulder. The man said. Howells I want some money." That was the first time I knew his name. The man said—" I want more, this is too little." I had been through Whitland once before. The fair was on Tuesday. I then sold my pigs. I staid there four days afterwards. I heard of a reward of £100 on the Friday. I did not talk about the reward on Tuesday morn- ing. I did not then say anything about the reward. I first mentioned this about Howells on Friday before I had heard of the reward. I first heard of the reward at St. Clears at 12. I told this about Howells to Mr. Beynon about 10 that morning. I said that I staid there four days in order that 1 might find more about Becca. Walter John I was in company with Thomas Howells, on the evening of the 13th of February, at the Lamb, at St. Clears. We left the Lamb after night, and went to a public house at Pwlltrap. We afterwards went to the Golden Lion, at Whitland. I did not see John Thomas or his wife there. I was with him in a bed-room on the ground floor. There were pig-drovers in bed. I left Thomas Howells in the room with the drovers. One had awoke if not two before I went. I then went home to Langan, and saw nothing more of Thomas Howells that night. He said at St. Clears that I had gone with him to Llwyndryssi Gate. I was examined at St. Clears, and said then what I say now I was about half an hour at Pwlltrap. Whitland is about half-a-mile from Llwyndryssi Gate. John Thomas: 1 am landlord of the Golden Lion. I remember the 13th of February last. I think I had a sight of Thomas Howells that night, I remember Lewis Roberts coming in and saying Rebecca was come. I don't know what has become of him. I have seen him within a fort- night. I suspect Thomas Howells was in the room before the man went away. I blota he was in the house. We went down together part of the road, two pig-drovers and Lewis Griffiths. We went towards Trevaughan Gate, 200 or 300 yards, not nearer. I don't know where my son is. George Martin I am an Inspector of the London Police. I have been in the country since the 19th of December. I understand Welsh. I have searched for Lewis Roberts but cannot find him, nor David Thomas, nor Benjamin Watts's servant-girls. I had subpoenas for the two servant-girls but could not serve them. Mr. W. Evans I am Clerk to the Trustees of the Whit- land Turnpike Trust. A meeting was advertised for the 13th ( December, íUl adjourned to the lt of iJiUlijary, when I attended at Narberth. Thos. Howells intruded into the room three times, when I sent him out as often. This closed the case for the prosecution. Mr. Evans addressed the jury on behalf of the prisoners. The offence charged was a serious one it was true, that owing to the relaxation which had been made in our criminal code, it did not amount to a capital crime, but the punishment of the prisoners-if found guilty, as he was con- fident they could not be—would be no less than Slavery for life. The learned gentleman then proceeded to sift and test the evidence for the prosecution with the view of show- ing its inconclusiveness. What degree of credit could be given to the man Lewis Was he not an accomplice'? Had he not played the part of a common informer and traitor'? And was it not plain that he had been actuated by the meanest and most sordid considerations 1 He had im- peached the prisoners before the magistrates in the hope of getting the reward offered. His evidence was based on blood money. He would have sold his brethren for a piece of money. What credit then could be given to such a man's assertion '1 Had he not evidently borne false witness against his neighbours'? and would a jury on such testimony —on the unsupported ipse dixit of an accomplice, on the interested evidence of the bribe-stained Griffiths convict the two respectable men at the bar. No; he was convinced that they would not on such evidently hollow and utterly worthless assertion consent to banish Thomas and David Howells from their native land, but would send them home to the bosom of the friends who respected them, and the relations who loved and revered them. Mr. Justice Maule in summing up said—The offence with which the prisoners at the bar are charge is a grave one, and one which required to be suppressed by the strong arm of the law. If persons thought themselves aggrieved or oppressed, it was only making bad worse to take the law into their own hands. The course was topetition Parliament. There could be no doubt that the offence was committed by some persons, and any person who took part in it would be equally guilty. The question for the jury would be if the prisoners, or either of them were the doers of it, whether one or both of them demolished the toll-houses as set forth in the indictment. Lewis Griffiths from his own shewing was an accomplice. If what he says (continued the learned judge) be true, Thomas Howells and David Howells are guilty and his evidence is confirmed in many important particulars. The toll-keeper's evidence establishes the fact that Thomas Howells was near the place when and where the offence was committed. But those parts of Lewis Grifliths's evidence, which bring the offence home to the prisoner, have not been corroborated. If you do not believe Griffiths you will acquit the prisoners. The jury retired for a short time, and returned a verdict of—Not Guilty. N I SIP R IUs. ';1. SLANDER. Cole v. Lloyd.—This case excited considerable merriment. Mr. Hall opened the pleadings, and Mr. Carne addressed the jury for the plaintiff nearly as follows :—Gentlemen of the Jury,—The plaintiff in this suit is a respectable trades- man of this town he is also a member of that society, or body of persons called Teetotalers, and he brings this action against the defendant, who keeps a public house, which rejoices in the sporting name of the Stag and Pheasant," because he, the defendant, in the month of December last, used towards the plaintiff certain oppobrious epithets, in- jurious to his character and good fame. Gentlemen, I need not tell you the value of a good character, nor how often it alone has stood, a man in need. A man's character should should be his all, it should be dearer to him than birth, than wealth, yea, even than life itself. One of our best English poets has said. "He that steals my purse steals trash, 'Twas mine, tis his, and has been slave to thousands, But he that filches from me my good name Robs me of that which not enriches him, And makes me poor indeed." And poor, indeed, would Mr. Thomas Cole be deprived of his good name and fame, which up to this day were un- questionable. Gentlemen, I am aware that the defendant has obtained the able assistance of my learned friend, Mr. Chilton, who will presently address you, and will be doubt- less very witty and facetious. I know that I cannot compete with him in language, I have neither wit nor words, nor action like him, but I advocate a good cause, and shall be able to shew you by indisputable testimony that the defendant made use of the words complained of in the plaintiff's declaration, namely" You are a thieif, a rogue and a murderer" and if I do so, my client will be entitled to a verdict at your hands, The learned gentleman called John Thomas: I am a mason, 1 know the plaintiff I also know the defendant, Thomas Lloyd. I have heard that he keeps the" Stag and Pheasant." I remember seeing the defendant on the 6th December last, when I was in company with the plaintiff, as we were coming along I said, here's one of our brethren," meaning a Rechabite. Lloyd said go your length Cole." Cole said perhaps that's more than you can do. Lloyd then said, Cole, you are a d— little thief, you are a robber, a thief, and a mur- derer." I passed on and Lloyd pursued us saying that d— little Cole wants to kill me. This witness on his cross- examination by Mr. Chilton said, I am a teetotaller. I had been to the meeting. We were only three in company. Cole was not then a Rechabite, he was a teetotaller. There is a difference between the two. Teetotalism is the grand- work of Rechabitism. We drink ginger beer, Consistent" ginger beer. I am sure I was quite sober. I drank nothing that night. We went there to explain the meaning of teetotalism. I was as sober then as I am now. I did not know what Cole meant when he said go your length. I know Lloyd well. I can swear that Lloyd must have been sober before he could have singled Cole out of us three. I know Mr. Heslop, Cole's attorney. I have not seen him riding about lately with a new saddle and bridle. I can't remember whether Lloyd did not call plaintiff an infernal thief. I am quite sure that Lloyd said that little Cole will kill or murder me." I am sure that he said one of the two expressions; rather both than a one. A letter was here put in addressed to the defendant by the plaintiff's attorney, threatening proceedings unless satisfaction were given. Mr. Chilton then addressed the jury in an irresistibly, hu- morous, and sarcastic style. The learned gentleman began by alluding ironically to the importance (!) of the task en- trusted to his advocacy, and of his inability to do justice to a case of such importance. The great damage that little lump of fuel (Cole) sustained was indescribable—the bare idea of it filled the mind and distracted the imagination. Mr. Thomas Cole, what a name, gent! a name hallowed in your recollections! for Old King Cole was a merry old soul, And a merry old soul was he But this Tom Cole flared up with one bowl, A bowl of teetotal And what is this tea made of ? I'll tell you. It is the very best; and after taking strong doses of it, with a certain quantity of that colourless liquid called gin, slyly slipped in, Mr. Cole and his friend, Mr. Temperance Thomas, mistake the Stag and Pheasant" for the Staggering Pheasant," and resolves to take him down. Then comes this letter from Mr. Cole's attorney, demanding an explanation or satisfac- tion. Satisfaction, gentlemen, what a mighty word of many meanings. It ranges from a bullet through the thorux to a verdict of damages and costs. Mr. Cole is a. saddler, but he has now put the saddle upon the wrong horse. I cannot get out that Hr. Helop has been seen riding about lately with a new saddle and bridle but should either of you gentlemen witness this, be assured there is nothing like leather. His lordship briefly summed up, and the jury, after retir- ing for twenty minutes, returned a verdict for the defendant. Attorney for the plaintiff, Mr. J. Scowcroft.
LEGISLATIVE BENEVOLENCE.—In consequence of the universal satisfaction afforded by the Dog-carts Bill, it is proposed to extend the same benevolent protection to some of the less powerful classes of the brute creation. An hon. member, we are informed, has it in contemplation to propose a measure for the suppression of a certain cruel and brutal exhibition, at which fleas are put into harness and compelled to draw carriages, and are treated with other wanton indig- nities. It is also rumoured that the dogs are about to form a trades union, for the purpose of petitioning Parliament against the further application of a law calculated to prove so fatal to their best interests as that which is already in force in the metropolis. As summer approaches it is proba- ble that many will go mad in consequence.— Times. A NOVELTY FUOII AFGHANISTAN.—Among the nume- rous trophies from the recent seat of war in the east, one of the most curious that has yet reached us is a bear (ursus Thibetanus) lately presented to the Surrey Zoological Gardens by Captain Alexander. It was captured while quite a cub by an officer of the 44th in the celebrated Khyber Pass, and has since shared with his captor all the vicissitudes of war, imprisonment, and victory. The only other individual of this species that has been seen alive in this country was a tenant of the Tower managery, about 18 years ago, and was afterwards sent to the King of Holland. It is the rarest of the ursine family, and differs in many im- portant respects from its congeners, having a remarkably thick neck, flat head, and large ears. The claws are parti- cularly weak, and not more than half the length of those of the other two species of bears known in India. The con- formation of the body is heavy and massive, clothed with a thick close fur of a glossy jet black in all parts, except a most singular-looking white patch under the throat, exactly resembling in shape the letter Y. In India it is considered to be ferocious in its habits, but that description does not apply to this specimen, which is very inoffensive, and fond of play after his rough fashion. He feeds on bread and fruits, and cannot be induced to touch meat either raw or cooked. BANKRUPTS—Friday.—Edward Messum, Portsea, brewer. Joseph Cooke, New-street, Dorset-square, upholsterer. George Clarke, Crawford-street, Bryanston square, boot- maker. Richard Boddington, Liquorpond-street, Hatton- garden, ironmonger. Charles Harrison, Red Lion-street, Holborn, victualler. Thomas Cheslett, Gracechurch-street, hosier. Robert Halls, Colchester, fishmonger. Joseph ■ Parry, Haverfordwest, draper. William Eccles, Much Woolton, Lancashire, grocer. Robert Dempsey Sothern, St. Helen's, Lancashire, ship-builder. Henry Laybourn, Har- tlepool, Durham, ship-broker. Samuel Wood and Sons, Birstal, Yorkshire, machine-makers. Thomas Bagshaw, Buxton, Derbyshire, innkeeper. Francis Allen, jun., Haughton, Staffordshire, brick-maker, Charles$C0tt, NewcasUc-yu^-Lvuie, carrier,
1ífjtfllattrOttfj. LUNACY TRIALS.-(BY ANTICIPATION.) HIGH COURT OF LUNACY.—APRIL THE FmsT, 1844. (Before the Right Hon. Sir Phelim O'Hoax, Sir Solomon Slyboots, and Sir Donald M'Quack.) This being the day appointed for the first sittings of the High Court of Lunacy, pursuant to an Act passed last year (1843) for establishing a commission for the trial of all persons suspected of partial insanity or dôwnright mono- mania, with a view to their safe confinement in the new National Bedlam, just erected on the site of the old Fleet prison. When the names of the jury had been called over, and each had taken his seat, the senior Judge, Sir Donald M'Quack, delivered a remarkably spirited, but somewhat incoherent charge, which was in happy accordance with the character of the Court; after which the trials commenced. The first case entered into was that of Richard Cobden, Esq., who, it was proved, had been for some years afflicted with a distressing Anti-Corn Law monomania. He fancied that the repeal of Corn Laws was the cure for everything— that it prompted education—morals—religion—literature— law—marriage—celibacy—Puseyism—Anti-Puseyiem— dissent—and orthodoxy. That it would reduce taxes—make the landholders rich by reducing their incomes—and giv.e every full-grown manufacturer six clean shirts, a new pair of Sunday breeches—a handsome wife, and as many children as he pleased-and that immediately the question was carried the Millennium would come Witnesses were called to prove these statements, and among them was a doctor from Dorsetshire, who proved that Mr. Cobden was constantly thrusting Anti-Corn Law tracts under his door way, and jerking them in at the window, greatly to the annoyance of his wife, who the other day was knocked down by a bundle which was flung in at the kitchen window, and hit her in the left eye. Counsel for the defence having been heard, an old woman named Bowring was examined, but her testimony soon broke down, for it was ascertained beyond a doubt that she was just as mad as Mr. Cobden. The third case was that of Mr. Thomas Attwood, who laboured under the deplorable hullucination that gold and silver were the chief curses of a country and proposed its regeneration by stuffing every man's purse with rags, in the shape of one-pound notes. Rags, he said, were the salva- tion of a nation, and be should never be happy till he saw all England turned into a large rag fair—rags were every- thing. Mr. Cobden, from the box where he was placed— Rags be Corn-Law Repeal is the thing." Mr. O'Connell—"No, Repeal of the Union is the only cure for every grievance." "No," said a gentleman in the crowd, whose head was dripping wet, and who shook all over with an ague, the cold-water cure is the great panacea." "Not so," said another individual, "mesmerism is the great cure for all public and private evils." The Court was just expressing its opinion of these un- courteous interruptions, when our reporter left.—Sun. RIOTS AT CANTON.—Mr. Thorn has been several days in Canton collecting evidence in the matter of the late insur- rection, and we understand it tends to confirm the statements made to her Majesty's Plenipotentiary by the British merchants in their letter to his Excellency, dated the 23rd inst. An eye witness has informed us that during the very scene of the tumult five Lascars were seen to walk leisurely and unmolested from the point to the Danish hong, which is a clear proof that the multitude who were then destroying the British hong had not vengeance on the Lascars for their object; indeed, many of the compradores and hong pursuers told several foreigners that the quarrel with the Lascars was only a pretext, and merely precipitated the long-intended and organized outbreak and that four parties of 500 each, all dressed alike, with distinguishing badges, and armed with swords, and with powder-bags in their girdles, had instantly assembled, pulled down the garden wall of the British con- sulate, and pelted oft. the workmen who were repairing the verandah with stones and brickbats—Canton Register, Dec. 27. THE CONVENT OF LA TRAPPE.—The Journal de la Somme publishes the following statement: — "Some time since an Englishman of distinction was visiting the convent of La Trappe, at Piquigny. The Abbe presented to him in succession the monks condemned to perpetual silence, and on introducing one of them he added, You see here, my Lord, an unfortunate soldier, who having great fear of the cannon at the battle of Waterloo deserted the field, and, despairing of his honour, sought a retreat in our com- munity.' At these words the brother changed colour, his eyes became inflamed with rage and pride, and the dreadful conflict which was engaged in his heart was evident in his face but his eyes having turned upon a crucifix, he joined his hands, fell upon his knees before the Abbe, and with- drew pale and silent. The Englishman, much affected at this scene, demanded of the Abbe why he had so severely apostrophized the unfortunate man My Lord,' replied the Abbe, I did so in order to demonstrate the empire which religion exercises over man. This brother was one of the bravest officers in the army he performed prodigies in that battle, and you saw the indignation which my false accusa- tion caused him but, at the same time, you were a witness to his resignation and his humility.' A land-slip had taken place at Troy ten dwellings were buried beneath the ruins. Fifteen men, women, and chil- dren were taken out of them dead, and seventeen seriously maimed. RECENT DISCOVERIES IN SCIENCE.—VENTILATION OF HOUSES.—Mr. A. Liddell, of Glasgow, read to the British Association, a paper on the Ventilation of Houses, which consists in drawing off the foul air from each room by a pipe leading to the chimney of a steam-engine, which has been attended with the most beneficial results as regards the health of the inmates, and particularly by a great diminution in the number of fever cases. The plan has been tried in the Glasgow Fever Hospital, in which the beds for fever patients, &c., were fitted up with the tubes for carrying away noxious effluvia. A similar plan for the ventilation of ships and steamers has been introduced by Dr. Reid, by leading tubes from the berths into a stove on deck, or in steamers, into the chimney. Mr. Liddell stated that the expense for a house of 60,000 cubic feet was only 40 lbs. of coal in twenty-four hours. Sir John Robinson observed, that it was highly satisfactory to find sound principles in regard to ventilation making their way amongst the people of this country; but it was at the same time to be regretted that ineffective plans should be resorted to, when the very best plans had been many years before the public. MELANCHOLY J ATE OF A BRIDE.—The Province, a Lyons journal, relates that about 4 o'clock in the morning of the 26th ult., as a wedding party were returning to Ainay from Etroits, where the marriage feast had been celebrated, the bride, a pretty young village damsel, stopped behind the rest for some purpose unexplained. Having waited for some time without her rejoining them, her friends went back to seek her; but although they spread in every direction, and passed the whole of the day in exploring the country round, they could gain no tidings of her. At length, on the fol- lowing morning, news was brought that she had been found in the night by a stranger, bound t<1 a tree, with her hands tied behind her, and with her mouth filled with sand, in a wood called Tate d'Or. She was still alive, and medical aid was called to her relief, but she was irrecoverable, and died in the afternoon of that day. No cries of distress were heard at the time she was first missing, and, when taken down from the tree, the nuptial wreath of orange-flowers was still on her head, and all her bridal ornaments were on her person. Upon a post mortem examination not the slightest trace of any other act of violence upon her could be dis- covered except that which caused her death. We understand that it is the intention at the Horse Guards to so arrange the reliefs of regiments from foreign stations, that corps may remain four years at least in the United Kingdom. We should like much to see this ar- rangement, for we fairly confess we cannot understand how the regiments can be kept fully four years at home, without keeping regiments fully twenty years in India, and more than ten years elsewhere.—Naval and Military Gazette. THE QUEEN'S VISIT TO IRELAND.—A rumouris rife in well-informed circles that a difference has occurred between Her Majesty and Sir R. Peel and the Duke of Wellington, respecting Her Majesty's intended visit to Ireland. The rumour has it that Peel and the Duke were strongly op- posed to it, but that Her Majesty, with much warmth, declared that she would come to Ireland in the approaching summer, let her Ministers say against it as they will.—Globe. MAGNIFICENT PRESENT TO THE SULTAN ABDUL MEDJIB.—A most superb and elaborately-finished specimen of English manufacture, intended as a present from Ali Ef- fendi, the Turkish Ambassador, to the Sultan, was on Monday morning inspected by Her Majesty and his Royal Highness Prince Albert, at Buckingham Palace. This costly present, which was manufactured by Mr. Taunton, of Norfolk-street, Islington, at a cost of 500 guineas, is an umbrella, of little more than the ordinary size, covered with rich brocaded crimson satin, manufactured in Spitalfields expressly for the purpose. The whole of the metal of which it is composed is of pure gold. The handle, which opens with a secret spring, contains a gold chronometer, the dial of which is about an inch and a half in diameter. The part containing the chro- nometer unscrews, and beneath is a sun-dial and compass (the plate of gold), set with a valuable brilliant of the first water and upon this portion of the handle being unscrewed, the following articles are beautifully arranged, in six com- partments:—A thermometer, a pencil case and watch-key, a knife with two blades, the star and crescent engraved on either side of the handle, a comb, a toothpick, and an ornamented circular case, containing, in three divi- sions, 25 leads for the gold pencil-holder. In the next compartment of the handle is a mirror, set in a bor- dering of chased gold. The tube, which is of gold, highly-engraved, with a design of scroll work and flowers (when divested of the handle and ferule, the latter of which contains a powerful microscope, richly ornamented and carved in gold), is so ingeniously contrived as to form a telescope, with a 20 miles' range, having a sliding tube to adapt it to various sights and distances. The whole is en- closed in a red morocco case, lined with green velvet and white satin, with the star and crescent emblazoned at the four corners and in the centre. The two massive handles and the locks, keys, and hinges are of solid gold. Her Ma- jesty and his Royal Highness Prince Albert, after minutely inspecting this elaborate piece of workmanship, expressed themselves in terms of the highest approbation of the taste aad jpgeftijity displaced iu itu wattitfactvue by I'wiUvii.
HOUSE OF LORDS.
HOUSE OF LORDS. THURSDAy..) ,¡,>; The Bishop of Hereford presented several petitions from places in Shropshire against the uniou of the sees of St. Asaph and Bangor; also a petition from some place in the diocese of Worcester for church extension. The Lord Chancellor presented a petition from the Law Institution of London, complaining of the courts of law being held at Westminster, and praying that they might be removed to a more central situation. Lord Brougham said, that this subject occupied a great deal of attention in the profession, and no doubt there was a convenience in the plans suggested by the petition but he must confess that he had a very strong prejudice in the con- tinuance of the courts of law at Wesniinster, where they had been time out of mind. There was this reason too in favour of their present position—the very great convenience to both Houses of Parliament being in the immediate vicinity of Westminster-hall, professional men, and the judges. Lord Langdale hoped, that at a proper time their lordships would consider whether this was not a proper subject for inquiry. Lord Brougham had no objection to an inquiry. He had no fear of tbe result. The Lord Chancellor said, the great advantage of the courts sitting at Westminster was, that the bar attended re- gularly in court, and became acquainted with business. From his own experience, he found that when tbe courts sat at Lincoln's-inn those men who were engaged in their busi- ness only attended in court, but when they came down to Westminster-hall they remained there studying the law. That was a great argument with him against the removal of the courts. Lord Campbell had a very strong feeling on the subject. He had always opposed, and should continue to oppose, leaving Westminster-hall, not only on account of the prestige, to which he attached no little importance (hear, hear), but because he thought that, upon the whole, suitors would not derive any benefit from such alteration. It was urged, that if the courts were at Lincoln's-inn many would be constantly working in chambers, ready to be called in when their business in court came on. He thought that was a great evil; his opinion was, that in the profession of the law they worked too hard. (A laugh.) "All work, and no play, made Jack a dull boy." (Laughter.) He thought it ex- tremely injuriou (a laugh), and that considerable benefit was derived by a little relaxation from severe application, a little criticism on the judges, and the circulation of a few jokes, (A laugb.) He would therefore be very sorry to see any al- teration made which would render it more like a mill in which a horse was to torn round and round from one year's end to another, as long as he could continue in harness. The subject then dropped. The Marquis of Clanricarde presented a petition from Protestant Dissenters at Leeds against Lord Ellenborough's proclamation. On the motion of Lord WharnclifFe, the Punishment of Death Bill was read a second time.
SINGULAR DEATH.—Amongst the passengers by the Queen of the Isle steam-packet, which arrived on Thursday morn- ing from Douglas, was a poor woman named Kaye, who re- sides in Bispham-street, in this town. She had with her an infant child, which, before she left the packet she heard cry but when she reached home she was utterly amazed on find- ing that the infant was lifeless. It appears that the packet lay a short distance from the pier, and that the woman had to be assisted on shore by a policeman. She had to take a short jump to enable her to reach the shore, and it is supposed that, in her anxiety for the safety of her child, she had pressed it so closely to her body that she smothered it. The inquest on the body was held on Friday.—Liverpool Standard. CHILDREN IN FACTORIES. It was announced by Sir James Graham, in his explanation of the Government plan of education, that he should propose to reduce the hours of wqrking, by children under 13 years of age, in factories, to six hours (or, as some of the papers give it, six and a half hours) in the day. Sir James expressed his opinion that humanity, and a regard to the education of the children, called for this reduction in the hours of labour, and the mill- owners would readily consent to it. On this point the factory inspectors are divided in opinion. We believe Mr. Horner recommends the abridgment of the hours of labour; but Mr. Saunders objects to it, on the ground that by re- quiring double relays of children in each mill, great numbers of children would be trained to employments which, when they arrived at 13 years of age, they could not possibly con- tinue; they would then have to look for new situations. IMPORTANT TO MERCHANTS.— £ 10,000 Damages.—At a recent tiial in Dublin, damages to the amount of were awarded against the defendant, in whose bonded warehouses the plaintiff had placed a large quantity of tea, which acquired a. bad flavour there by being in a loft, be- neatti whub ft waages had been stored.
BUTE DOCKS, CARDIFF.
BUTE DOCKS, CARDIFF. ARRIVALS. N B,LSON, Sima, Southampton, ballast.Dinas, Pearson I Bristol. Rhondda, Carter, Bristol, ballast Jane, Wash bourne, Gloster, ballast. Anna, Jourdan, Cherbourg,ballast.. Resolution, Babvn. Pill. ballast. Ranger, Gayner, Weston, ballast Taff, Hooper, Bristol, ballast Swift, Taw ton, Bristol, ballast .Amazon, Long. Gloster, ballast. Abun- dance, Rowlcs, Bristol, ballast. Fly, Dibdon, Bristol, bal last .Market Mary, Ward, Barnstaple, ballast Elizabeth, Reed, l aimbceuf, ballast. Olive Branch. Shannon, Bridgwater, ballast. William, Smith, Bridgwater, ballast.. Eliza, Martin, Mine head, ballast.Thomas and Ann, Smart, Bristol. ballast .Regulator, Braid, Weston. ballast.. Mitre, Hurly, Kinsile, ballast Mars, Gay, Bideford. ballast. Argus (Trinity s.). Mott, Milford, buoys and stores Friends, Beer, Bristol, ballast.Victoria, Walton, Portsmouth, ballast. Rambler, Cook, Barnstaple,ballast.Fame, Granfell, Swansea, hallast.. Fame. Thomas, Neath, ballast Henry, Andrew, Swansea, ballast.Fly, Andrew, Swansea, ballast.Sally, Thomas, Combe, ballast. Providence, Russell, Swansea, tin and ballast .William, Davies, Bristol, ballast I'endawes, Cogar. Swansea. ballast. M argam Packet, Fryer, Chepstow, pitwood Sisters. Fryer, Chepstow, pitwood and brooms. Maria Aletta,Schut, Glamorganshire canal. iron. Eliza. Lewis, I I fracombe. ballast. Fame. Buckingham, I'enarth, ballast. Dinas, Pearson. Bristol, ballast Rhondda, Carter, Bristol, ballast. Blucher. Barrett. Gloster, general cargo. Succe". Sims. Gloster, ballast.Victory, Lee, Bideford, ballast. Johun Gerard, Huges, Belfast, ballast.Samuel and Elizabeth, Hoskins, Barnstaple. potatoes and poles Blossom, Watt, Glamorganshire canal, ballast.Harmony, Chaddock. New- haven, ballast..Sylph, Evans, Newquay. ballast. Diligence. Owen, Glamorganshire canal, ballast.Mountain Maid, Davis, Faversham. ballast.George and Ann. Burton. Exeter, ballast .Air (s.), Jeffery, Bristol, general cargo. Prince of Wales (s ), Jones, Bristol, ditto. DEPARTURES. YANDEW, Lowther, Rotterdam, iron Aurora, Llewellyn, Rotterdam, iron. Jane Archibald, Terrance, Dublin, coal. Delphin. Segebade, Bremen, iron. Yarmouth. Mayor. Bristol Channel, ballast. l'ilot,Goldsack, London. coal.. Amphitritn, Rills, Lisbon, coal.X.L., Sheffield. London, coal.Wilber- force, Redcliff, Hamburg, iron.Cadmus. Stamford, Dordte, iron Friendship. Berry, Penzance, coal.Ocean, Spray, Hayle, foal Elizabeth Maria, ltees, Southampton, iron. Marys, Peake, Hayle, coal Auspicious, Spray, Hayle, coal .Wave, frees, Hayle, coal Providence, Russell, Hayle. coal. Argyle, Grenfell, Penryn, coal.Claudia, Havard, Stettin, iron.Princess of Wales, Smith St. Ives, coal Majestas, Eastaway, llfracombe, coal. Liverpool, Phelan, Waterford, coal.Tritania. Bynon. Leghorn, iron.Heed, Henry, Porthleven, coal. Comet, Head, Glamorganshire canal, ballast.Mary, Rowland, Stettin, iron. Fame, Mayne, llfra- combe, coal.Reward,Treald. Schiedam, iron. William, Pearn. Tenby. coal. Industry, Murphy, Kinsal, coal. William. Mathias. Exmouth, coal.Mary Eleanor, Meyler, Limerick, coal.Enterprise, Williams, Ross, coal.Friends, Davis, Dublin, coal. Dinas, Pearson,'Bristol, coal.Rhon- dda, Carter, Bristol, coal.Jane, Washbourne, Gloster. coal.. Anna, Jonrdan. Cherbourg,ballast.Ranger, Gayner, Weston, coal.Taff, Hooper, Bristol, coal.Swift, Tawton, Bristol, coal.Amazon, Long. Gloster, coal Market May. Ward, Linmouth, coal.Olive Branch, Sbarnoan, Bridgwater, coal.. Eliza. Martin, Minehead. coat.Thomas and Ann. Smart, Uphill, coal Regulator, firaid, Weston, coal.Argue ( Trinity steamer), Mott, Bristol Channel, buoys, stores, &c. Friends. Beer, Bristol, coal. Victoria, Walton. London, coal .Sally, Thomas, St. Ives, coal. William. Davies. Bristol, coal. Dinas, Pearson, Bristol, coal Rhondda, Carter. Bristol, coal.Resolution, Maloney, Kinsale, coal.Prince of Wales (s ), Jones, Bristol, general cargo.Air (s.), Jefferv. Bristol, ditto. 3 Vessels in Dock, Cleared Outward, and Loading for Fortign Parts. Destination. Name. Master. Tons. Havannah Australia Pahlson 620 Rotterdam .Yandew.Lowther 130 Leghorn Tritania Bynon 93 Rotterdam A u rera Llewellyn 78 Bremen Delphin .Segebade 85 Lisbon Amphurite Rills. 259 Hamburg Wilberforce Redtcliffe 166 Stettin Thorney Close ..Horan 260 Dordto Cadmus .Stamford. 96 Hamburg Eleanor .Sawter. 854 Stettin Claudia .Havard fcd Malta Michelina Demarioz. 386 Srettin .Mary Rowland 106 Altona Reward .Treald 151 Altona Ceres .Tyrer 162 Altona.. Lrbra Engelsman 75 Messina Elizabeth Ann ..Lidstone iss Cherbourg Anna .Jourdan. 2S Hamburg.. Nelson siuls 106 Rotterdam Maria A letta Schut. 94 Allona. Fame .Buckingham. 84 ltotterdain Johiin Gerard ..Huges 76 Stettin Diligence .Owen Ill ,Ilalta Maria Jane. Reed. 206 GLAMORGANSHIRE CANAL. ARRIVALS. LARKE, Owens, Aberthaw. stones.Globe, Buttal, Exeter ballast.Betsey, Parker, Aberthaw, light.Grace, Morgan, Milford, ballast.Gazella, Morgan, Milford, potatoes. -Olive. Branch, Mendus, Aberthaw, light. Castle, Morgan, Bristol, sundries. Fame, Buckingham, Brixham, ballast.Skylark. Evans, Newquay, ballast. Robert, Clampitt, Newport. light. J Elizabeth, Perine, Liverpool, ore Maiy, Bowen. Swansea. light.Cardiff Trader, Barrett, Gloster, sundries. William and Henry. Reign, Neweross, pitwood..3 Sisters. Reed, Bideford. potatoes..John Hicks, Smith, Fowey, ballast.. Friends, Wright, Bristol, siindrier.. Amity, Lamb, Bristol, sundries.. Julia. Bay ton, Chepstow, cinders. William, Tamplin, Swansea, bricks. Bellona, Hoskins, Brixham. ore. Merthyr, Packet, Evans, Bristol, sundries.Catherine and Mary, Hughes. Pwllliely, ballast. Ivey, Noalle, St. Ives, ore. Laxey Mines, Cubbon, Douglas, ballast. Commerce, Hart, Bristol, light.George and Henry, Flasan, Cork. sundries. Moderator, Wediake. Watchet, timber..Triton, Cornhill, Brixham. ballast.. Vansiuart, Down, Bxeter, ballast.Fly, Ayland, Gloster, sundries. Elizabeth and Sarah, Johnson, Swansea, light.. William Smith, Gloster, pig iron. Ann, Thomas, Bristol, sundries..Elizabeth, Rogers, Bristol, sundries.. William Fisher. Waterford, sundries Gleaner, Thomas, Cogan Pill, stones.Brothers, Furney, Bridgwater, sundries. DEPARTURES. L\RK, Owens. Aberthaw, light.Fanny, Buckingham London, iron..Elizabeth, Rogers, Bristol, sundrie.Gazella. Morgan, Npwport. potatoes. Grace, Morgan, Dublin, coal. Gleaner, Thomas, Cogan Pill, light..Camilla, Bell, London, iron..Olive Branch, Mendus, Aberthaw, coal..Concord, W ilson, London, coal..3 Sisters, Reed. Bideford. coal.. Betsey, Parker, Neath, iron. Brisk, Gregory, Rouen, irop..John Hicks, Smith, London, iron.Castle Morgan. Bristol. coal. Royal Forester, Furney, Bridgwater, coal.Triuonia, Furse, London, iron. Friends, Wright, Bristol, tin.North Star, Tepier, Adra, coal Robert, Clampit, Newport, flour..Ocean, Sanders, Sunder- land, iron. Ann, Roberts, Dublin, coal.. John, Clark. London, iron. Merthyr Packet, Evans, Bristol, iron. Maria Aletta, Schut, Rotterdam, iron..Julia, Bayton, Chepstow, coal..Cardiff Trader, Barrett, Gloster, coal. Mary, Bowen. Neath. casks.. Fame, Buckingham. Altona, iron.. William, Tamplin, Newport, tin. Autumn, Wilke, London, iron.Globe, Buttall, Dordt, iron.. William, Smith, Gloster, coal..Blossom, Watt, Aberdeen; iron. Fancy, Longford, Lisbon, coal.Gleaner, Thomas, Aberthaw, coal. Amity, Lamb, Bristol, iron. Elizabeth and Sarah, Johnson, Swansea, iron.. Brothers, Furney, Bridgwater' coal. PORT TALBOT SHIPPING LIST. ARRIVALS. TuM BOWLING, Murt, Hayle. Hero, Lovering, Mount. Duchess of Gloster, Smith, Hayle.Commerce, Williams, Fat. nio,itil Superior, Quick, tlayle. Flower, Co- ling. ditto Surprise, Lewis. Neath. Plymouth, Hallwatt. Shore ham. Happy Return, Martin, Devoran. Rebecca, Morris, Falmouth .Cambria, Griffith, Hayle Friendship, Draper, South- ampton.Mary, Williams, Hayle Prudence, Edwards, Bridgwater Osprey. Jugs, London Wave, Edwards,, Bristol.Friends, Mawle, Bridgwater..Ann, Snell, Swansea .Mary Anlfand Eliza, Buckingham, Bridgwater.Cadmus, Stanford. DEPARTURES. APOLLO, Bryant, St. Ivest Jane, Nash, Alicant.Edward, Berryman, Neath. Devonshire, Lowther, Falmouth. Bed- ford. Roper, ditto. Adder. Carnow, Penzance. John and Peter, Hall, Porthcawl. Restless, Trick. Portbcawl.James, Squires, Malaga.. Ann, Lean, Rouen.Julia, Gaudier, Alicaut Liberty, Andrews, Portheawl.Sindilad, Jones. Hayle.. Expert, Jones, London. Brothers, Pope, St. Agues.. Nautilus, Gregory, Neath.
A HEART TO BE LET.
A HEART TO BE LET. To be let at a very desirable rate, A suug; little house in a healthy state; fis a liaclielor's Heart, and the agent is Chance, ..Affection the rent, to be paid in advance. The owner, as yet, has lived in it alone, f 150 the fixtures are not of much value; but soon '1 will be furnished by Cupid himself, if a wifo Take a lease fur the term vf her naturul life. Then ladits, dear ladies, pray do not forget, An excellent Bachelor's Heart to be let. The tenant will have a few taxes to pay, Loue. httllOUT, and (heaviest item) OBEY. As for the good will. tbe subscriber's inclined, To have that, if agreeable, settled in kind Indeed, if he could such a matter arrange, He'd be highly delighted to take in exchange, Provided true title hy prudcnce be shown, Anv heart unincumbered, and free as his own. So ladies, dear ladies, pray do not forget, An excellent Bachelor's Heart '0 be let.
dFact, iPtrttott, antr :11atttíæ.…
dFact, iPtrttott, antr :11atttíæ. WHAT IS LUXURY'J—A candle would have been a luxury to Alfred a half-crown cotton gown to his Queen. Carpets, instead of rushes, would have been luxuries to Henry VII. Glass windows, in lieu of horn, to his nobles. A lettuce to Henry VIII.'s Queen; silk gloves and stockings to Queen Elizabeth and so on, ad infinitum. Mr. Charles Waterton, the author of some works on natural history, in an account of his family, tells us that one of his ancestors, in the time of Henry IV., was sent into France by the King, with orders to contract a royal marriage, and was allowed 13s. a day for his trouble and travelling expenses." CONCLUSIVE EVIDENCE.—It is generally understood, that had not the judges interfered to stop the trial of M'Naughten, the prisoner's counsel were prepared with evidence of in- sanity which would have thrown far into the background the testimony of Drs. Munro and Morrison. The public will appreciate the very clinching nature of the proof of the madness of M'Naughten, when we announce that a witness was in attendance to show that the truly wretched and greatly to be pitied individual had for some months been a regular subscriber to the Morning Herald."—Punch. SEVERE RETORT.—" You had better ask for manners than money," said a finely-dressed gentleman to a beggar who asked for alms. I asked for what I thought you had the most of," was the reply of the little mendicant. A LESSON IN PARSING.—" "What case is Mr. Maddle, said a country schoolmaster, addressing one of his grammar pupils. "He's a hard case, thir," was the answer. Wrong, the next." He's an objective case, thir." How so" Case he objected to pay daddy that five dollars he's owed him so long." You may all go to your seats." A QUESTION.—A party, twelve in number, consisting of a schoolmaster, his ushers, the ushers' friends, and some of his pupils, went to a tavern, and incurred a bill of one shilling, which was to be paid by a contribution from each person. The master put down four-pence, the ushers were to pay two-pence each, the friends a half-penny each, and the pupils a farthing each. How did they arrange it ? A RUBBER.—A butcher of eminence in London was in- vited to a party, and having lost a few rubbers at whist, was addressed by a lady as to the stakes. Why, madam," he said, the best rump I cannot sell lower than ten-pence half-penny a pound." One scraper is enough at the door," as the footman said to the blind fiddler.
Saturday, March 25, 1843. Published by the sole Proprietor HENRY WEBBER, at Woodfield House, in the Parish of Saint John, in the Town of Cardiff and County of Glamorgan, and Printed by him at his General Printing Office, in Duke-street, iB the said Parish of Saint John, in the Town and County aforesaid. Advertisements & Orders received by the following Agents- LONDON Mr. Barker, 33, Fleet-street; Messrs. Newton and Co., 5, Warwick-square; Mr. G. Reynell, 42, Cliancery- lane Mr. Deacon, 3, Walbrook, near the Mansion House Mr. Joseph Thomas, 1, Finch-lane, Cornhill Mr. Ham- mond, 27, Lombard-street; Mr. C. Barker, 12, Bircliin- lane W. Dawson and Son, 74. Cannon-street, City and Messrs. Parratt and Mearson, II3, Welington-street, North, Strand. ABERGAVENNY Mr. C. R. Phillips, Auctioneer BRECON Mr. William Evans, Ship-street BRIDGKND Mr. David Jenkins- CHEPSTOW Mr. Taylor CRICKHOWELL Mr. T. Williams, Post-Office- LLANDOVERY Mr. William Rees, Post-Office- LLANDAFF Mr. J. Huck,v'ell, Re( ,istrar's- Office- MERTHYR. Mr. White, Bookseller and Stationer NEWPORT. Mr. G. Oliver, Stationer, Commercial-street NEATH Mr. William Prichard Rees, Green-street NEWBRIDGE Mr. Thomas Williams, Ironmonger SWANSEA Mr. T. Shepherd, Chemist, Wind-street USK Mr. J. H. Clark, Printer and Stationer And by all Postmasters and Clerks of the Roads. This Paper is regularly filed in London at Lloyd's Coffee House, City.—Peel's Coffee-House, Fleet-Street. The Chapter Coffee-House, St. Paul's.—Deacon's Coffee-House, | Walbrook,
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.
"}l\ HOUSE OF COMMONS. THURSDAY. Mr. Cobden presented petitions from places in Ayrshire and Lancashire, praying for a repeal of the corn laws. Mr. Ferrand gave notice that on Thursday, the 30th of March, he would move for leave to bring in a bill for the en- closure of waste lands. Mr. Mackinnon stated thlt he would postpone for the present, the motion of which he had given notice for the ap- pointment of a select committee to ascertain the revenue ex- penditure. and condition of the harbours and lighthouses on the coast, from the mouth of the Thames to Portsmouth. Colonel Sibthorp gave notice, that during the week after the Easter recess he would bring forward a motion for the reduction of the duty on fire insurances. At half-past 4 o'clock, there being only 35 members pre- sent, the House adjourned. FRIDAY. The House resumed the consideration of the Voters' Re- gistration Bill in committee. Lord Howick, on the 57th clause, which provides a gross remuneration of 200 guineas to each revising barrister, took occasion to state his objections to the general constitution of their tribunal. Sir James Graham explained that the present arrangement was a pecuniary saving on that of the Reform Bill. He ob- jected to the turmoil which would be constantly kept up throughout the country by a circuit necessarily lasting a great part of every year; and, considering how many disputable points would be cut off by the explanatory clauses of this bill, and how great a security would be afforded by the ap- pellate tribunal which this bill was to erect, he trusted that the House would see fit to give the measure a fair trial. A little coversation followed, but the clause was passed. The clauses constituting an Appeal Court, to consist of occasional Judges^ were disapproved by Mr. Berual and others, who, for the most part, declared in favour of a ffxed tribunal, but to this Sir James Graham objected, on the ground that there would not be occupation enough for more than a few days in the year. It being suggested that the Legislature would do better to vest the jurisdiction of appeal in the Judges of the Superior Courts, than, as proposed by this bill, in Judges to be nominated by the two Chief-Justices and the Chief Baron, Sir James Graham agreed to withdraw the clauses relating to the appellate tribunal, and introduce others, by which the jurisdiction of appeal from the revising- barristeis should be committed to the judges of Westminster hall. The 76th clause, which provides that joint occupiers, although they may have changed their lands, shall retain their votes for counties, where the joint rent is, and has throughout been, sufficient to make a £50 tenancy for each, was opposed by Lord Howick, on the ground that a father, when called on, as he would be by his landlord, to take his sons as joint tenants with himself in his lease, would, by thus converting them into partners, lose the due parental control over them; and that a temptation would be created to multiply the number of families living on the same farm in the way which experience had shown to be so injul ious in Ireland. He moved that the right of voting in respect of these successive occupations should be limited to a single tenant in each case. Lord Ebrington supported Lord Howick's motion. Sir James Graham begged to know, before the discussion went further, whether Lord Howick proposed to narrow in the same manner the right of voting upon joint occupations in cities and boroughs. If not, why in counties? If so, was it fitting to propose without notice, so extensive an al- teration in the franchise created by the Reform Act 1 The clause passed, after discussion. Colonel Sibthorp proposed on the 79th clause that the seven mi es within which the borough elector must reside should be computed from the circumference of the borough; but the suggestion was not adopted. The 84th clause, abolishing the question hitherto put under the Reform Act to the voter at the poll, whether he retains the qualification for which he stands registered, was much commended by several members; but this abolition being ac- companied with an enactment that the voter in a city or borough may be asked whether he continues to reside therein, or within seven miles thereof, it was objected by Mr. Christie that in all cases of electors who had quitted the place, the evils of the third question would thus be kept in operation. The expense connected with out-voters was no doubt an evil, but not an evil to be compared with the fraud, uncertainty, and cost, which an inquiry into residence would occasion. He proposed, therefore, to exclude this requisition of resi- dence. Sir James Graham cited an opinion of Mr. Tierney upon the great importance of excluding outvoters. If, in addition to your abolishing the tie of qualification by property, you were now to abolish also the tie of residence, thus dissolving all local connexion between the voter and the borough, you would let in a class of voters who would almost uniformly be venal. Some clauses were then brought up by Sir James Graham to prevent personation of voters. These sections extending only to all voters then living or those dead, a case was sug- gested where ideal voters were put UpqB the register, and re- presented by real persons at the poll. Sir James Graham said, he certainly had not thought of that case, and must leave it to be provided for by any member who thought such a provision necessary. The clauses were passed, and the bill ordered to be re- ported.