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-----------[ORIGINAL POETRY.]


Sarf, Miction, anlr a(ttíæ.





IMPERIAL PARLIAMENTS HOUSE OF LORDS" THURSDAY. Lord STANHOPE moved for a .committee of the whole House, for the purpose of taking into consideration the state of the productive classes, His Lordship, after sharply ac- cusing Sir R. Peel of having Upon every occasion on which he had taken office obtained power by deceiving his supporters as to the opinions he intended to profess, proceeded to draw from a variety of sources the conclusions that the pressure of distress was rapidly increasing, that the measures which had been adopted with the view of arresting its progress had hut added to its intensity, and that it was incumbent upon their Lordships immediately to institute inquiry, that they might obtain, if possible, protection lor the industrial population. Much would be required before the country could be restored to her formar position; but he looked upon the repeal of the New TarifF and the New Corn Law as an indispensably ne- cetsary precursor of any other means of relief. The course that was being at present pursued could not, in his opinion, tail to end in ruin and revolution. Lord RIPON vindicated their Lordships from any imputa- tion ofinJifference to the sufferings of their fellow-subjects; and after briefly demonstrating the impossibility of eutering upon such an investigation as that proposed through the cum- brous machinery of a committee of the whole House, denied that either Sir IL Peel or himself had since their present tenure of office expressed a single sentiment with reference to the restrictive system" hich they had not formerly avowed. Experience had proved that the removal of the prohibition on foreign manufactures had produced no ill effect; and although the price of meat had fallen, it would be absurd to attribute that to the importation of 3,126 cattle a large proportion of which were unfit for food. The noble Lord then, after shortly noticing the repeal of the new Corn Laws, the tariff, aud the discouragement of machinery, as recommended by Lord Stanhope, entreated their Lordships not to consent to any such inquiry as that suggested, as of necessity ending in the disappointment of those whose distress was so much to be lamented. Lord BEAUMONT expressed his regret that no positive inti- mation had been given of the views of Government upon the subject of the Corn Laws, and denounced the Anti-Corn Law League, whose increasing power, he feared, it would soon be difficult to resist. The alterations made last session had been of too wholesale a character, and by the panic they caused, had produced a most ruinous effect. Lord BROUGHAM ridiculed the tone taken by Lord Stanhope on the subject of free trade, as if it had been the priuciple on which all legislation of late years had been conducted, and regretted, on the contrary, that protection and prohibition were still so much in force. But little, it at any rate seemed, need be feared from the advance the new tariff upon cattle had made in that direction. With the disapprobation which had been expressed of the Anti-Corn League and its pro- ceedings, however, he most heartily concurred, and. the more so because he considered the means it had adopted most prejudicial to a good cause. The violence and exaggeration of some of the statements it had put forth, and its attempts to excite discontent, had done much to retard the progress of its doctrines. The noble lord then, after commending the peaceful and forbearing conduct of the people under great privations, professed his distrust of all the measures which had been suggested as a means of relief, and deprecated the notion of commencing so buctleas and endless an inquiry as that proposed. Lord RADNOR contended that the "League" had been unjustly accused of any connexion with the sentiments to which Lord Brougham had called attention, and was con- vinced that by their zeal and intelligence much good had been effected. The same degree of distress as that they now lamented had before existed, and might be clearly traced to the operation of the Corn Laws, from the repeal of which, aDd not from a returp to the antiquated specifics of former years, relief was to be expected. Lord ASHBURTON and Lord CLANRICARDE both shortly addressed the House; and after a few words from Lord STANHOPE in reply, their Lordships divided, negativing the motion by a majority of 25 to 4. FRIDAY. A question from the Marquis ol CLANRICARDE brought on a conversation, in which the Duke to W ELLINGTON explained that the motion of which he had given notice had no reference to political matters, and would involve no discussion, except as to the merits and services of the military force employed in the recent events. Every paper should be produced, from the breaking out of the insurrection to the latest proceedings of the army of Affghanistan. HOUSE OF COMMONS. THURSDAY. Mr. NICHOLL moved for leave to introduce a hill amending the administration of the law in the Ecclesiastical Courts. He showed the change which, in modern times, had been in- troduced, by decisions and statutes, into that part of the cannon law which related to marriage and divorce, and urged the necessity of withdrawing the administration of a subject now so complicated from the local jurisdiction of merely clerical judges. He adverted also to the immense increase of personal property, which had multiplied the number and increased the importance of testamentary suits; and inferred the necessity of providing a few competent tribunals for the decision of them, instead of the numerous courta-BOW having cognizance of such matters, and amounting to not less than 400, with a proportionate multiplicity in tlit- stages of appeal. The que8tiolli ariajng in these suits were, no doubt, satisfactorily argued and disposed of when they came before the Prerogative Conrt; but how were they dealt VI ith in the country? by the ipse dixit of the local registrar, without even the assistance of counsel. Nor did there exist, in the country, safe repositories for wills, which were thus left liable to destruction from damp, from rats, and from the acts of various persons, admitted, without due supervision, to inspect them. The country judgeships constituted for ecclesiastical purposes were little more than sinecures; and the few cases with which they were conversant were not matters of real importance, but rather of personal oppression, such as questions of defamation and brawling. These classes of litigation he proposed to abolish, and to vest in a higher tribunal the jurisdiction as to marriage and divorce, .and as to personal property above £300. The coguizance of church matters he would leave under the Bishop of each respective diocese. Mr. JERVIS, approving many of these proposals, vai not, however, disposed to acquit-sce in the distinction between property above and property below £300. He should have prefered the measure of the late Government, which went to abolish all peculiar jurisdictions. Dr. STOCK approved the scheme of the proposed bill. Sir R. INGLIS objected to the measure as violating the principle that justice should be administered as near as possi- ble to every man's home. No case of abuse was made out, or even alleged, which would justify the abolition of the ex- isting judicature. He thought that one of the great vices of modern legislature was the attempt to centralize. Lord JOHN RUSSELL gave his general approbation to the plan. Mr. ELPIIINSTONE expressed his satisfaction at the bit!. The chancellors of the diocesan, courts were, for the most part, confessedly unacquainted with the Jaw they had to ad- minister, and the business was left to the registrar, usually an attorney. Hence arose the most misehievous errors. He was anxious that the provisions of the bit! should embrace small properties as well as iarge. Mr. HUIE wished to know whether this reform was to increase expense to the public, as had been the case with the late reform in the proceedings ot the Court of Chancey ? He was favourable to the withdrawal of the clergy from all judicial and other civil business, for which they too often neglected their spiritual duty. Mr. CHRISTIE called the attention of Government to the regulation which excludes Dissenters from practising in the ecclesiastical courts, by requiring, as a qualitication, a doctor's degree, taken at Oxford or Cambridge. Leave was given to bring in the bill. Mr. VERNON SMITH moved for the despatch from Lord Ellenborough to the Court of Directors, containing the pro- clamation about the gates of Somnauth, and for any answer of the directors to that despatch. Mr. Smith refered to a speech made by Lord Ellenborough in 1841, at a dinner given 10 him by the directors on the eve of his departure. From that speech it might have been supposed that he had a just view of the duties he was about to undertake; and it might have been hoped, notwithstanding some former indis- cretions in his public life, that be bad now sown his wild- elephants; but the pruclamation showed him stili indiscreet; for it was an affront to the whole of the Mahomedan popula- tion, who, as appeared from the account of Mr. Gibbon, had been the destroyers of the temple. Instead of allowing an idolatrous superstition to die away, lie took th" course of reviving it by this address. He wished to know the views of the Government and of the directors On this important subject. Mr. BINGHAM BARING vindicated Lord Ellenborough for having brought b&ck the gates, on the ground that a negotia- tion which had taken place between Schah Soojah and Runjeet Singh, when the latter was asked by the former for snccour, had evinced that the possession of those gates was considered by the Hindoos as a glory, and the surrender of them as a disgrace. The Governor-general had had no in- tention to identify himself with the idolatry of the people. Sir R. INGLIS said, that Sir R. 1>e1, by not at once dis- claiming the proclamation, had forced individual members to rise and express their displeasure at it. The defence made by the last speaker had been wholly unsuccessful. The persons whom Lord Ellenborough addressed as his brothers and friends were Hindoo prittCM, who would receive his statements in a very different sense from that in which Europeans would have understood thm. The att", which he boasted that he was about to restore to the temple, had no longer a temple belonging to them—the temple which they once had graced was no longer in existeuce. Sir 11, PEEL said, he had not thought himself called on to make the early direction expected by Sir R. Inglis, because this was a motion only for papers, the mover stating that he intended to ground an u terior motion on them when produced. It would have been fairer in the mover, instead of prefacing I the present motion with a speech upon the merits, to inquire whether the papers would be granted. Mr. Smith should have distrusted himself, by reason of the prejudice which, as a warm partisan, he must needs entertain against a Governor who had reversed the policy of his Whig predecessor- What- ever might be thought of the act done, at all events, in point of intention, Lord Elleuborough was most remote from any- thing like connivance at idolatry in proof of which Sir 11. Peel cited some other of his documents; breathing a religious '4. < spirit, in one of which, written immediately after hiii tuc- AT"V, u Ctcd-,a for them to the Almighty, to whose providence alone he ascribed them. gir R. Peel then showed from Gibbon. Mountstuart Eiphimtone and other writers, the importance which the Hindoos attached to the gates as trophies of war; and lhat was the o„lr character in which Lord Ellenborough ever meant to magnift them. Mr. SMITHS motion was ultimaJelr necatifed FRIDAY. b Mr. LIDDELL desired leave to bring in a bill for the purpose of preventing personation of voters at elections- 1 Some malpractices, be said, had been removed by the Reform fe »>H">ere wer,j «t''er evils which that bill had increa.ed f among which were bribery and the offence he now «„„Kht to I prevent. In particular, at the elections in 1841, for tbe county of Derby and I' "r the town of Belfast, personation h-d been committed to a great extent, and had been proved I m due course ot law By the 58th section of the Reform I Act, it is sufficient that the person claiming to vote make answer to the questions there prescribed, which question, if V be answer in the affirmative, his vote must be registered. I Mr Liddell now proposed, that if a certain number of the bystandera offer to make oath that the voter is not the person L he assumes to be, the returning-officer shall have power-not P to refuse the vote, but—after recording it, to g-ive the voter L forthwith into the custody of an attendant policeman, to be i taken before two mamstratex, and bound over to take his I trial at the next assizes. To protect the bona Jide voter, the I magistrates should have power of imposing < fine instanter on I any one fa.se,y imputing personation. He wished be could secure (he punishment likewise of the tempters procuring these personations; but for this branch of the mischief he could not perceive any adequate remedy. This was no party quwt'e? g 7 reCe'Te su £ £ e,ltioD» from any Mr. Ross, the member for Belfast, vidicated his own com- mittee fmlll allY connexioo with the alleged personation at the election for that piftee. I„AI.FT"A or !wo. of "PP™™! FROM Mr. BKOTHERTON, iTourned. g'VeD ,ntPoduce ,Le bil1' »nd