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SHIPWRECKED MARINERS' BENEVOLENT SOCIETY. To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. SIR,—The multitude of wrecks, and the sad loss of lives which have for several weeks been recorded in the columns of every Journal, can scarcely have failed to attract the notice, and awaken the sympathy of every Briton. Many a Widow has made lamentation, many an orphan mourned the fatal effects of the late tempestuous gales 1 In this benevolent country to know distress and sorrow is the sure precursor of relief. Every misery has a claim on our compassion but if any claim can be stronger than another: if any appeal can be made of a more touching character to the people of this nation, surely none can be superior to the claims of those hardy adventurers among us, who go down to the Sea in ships, and occupy their business in the great waters. With a full conviction of the force of these claims, as well as of the humanity of our countrymen, it seems a matter of surprise, that some public means of ministering to the wants of the wrecked Sailor, of assisting his bereaved widow and fatherless children, have not been devised and established from the very earliest periods of our maritime history, growing With its growth, and strengthening with its strength. It is, indeed, true that several Institutions, having these charitable objects in view, have arisen in the land and that much advantage has been derived from their operation but they have been rather limited and exclusive in their charac- ter, circumscribed in their resources; and at all events, lamentably inadequate to any enlarged scheme for general relief. A persuasion of a defect so strange, and so unlike the con- siderate kindness of the British Nation towards a body of men, more especially her own, led to the formation of that Society whope Title stands at the head qf this Address a Society so simple in its constitution, so moderate in its re- quests, so guarded against imposture, so useful and practical in its applications, that it is impossible not to admire it on the one hand, and on the other, not to wonder that it did not exist long ago. If there are any persons to whom it is not yet known, I feel that I shall have discharged an esssntial duty in direct- ing the public attention more closely to this very excellent Institution. The annual Subscription is only 2s. 6d., though every additional Donation is most gladly received. Honorary Secretaries and Agents are appointed through- out the most important maritime stations, and every caution is used which local knowledge and other intelligence can supply, not only to relieve genuine distress, but to detect the unworthy artifices 6f plausible Impostors. I will not believe that such a society can stand in need of support so long as a single individual acquainted with it has a single Half-crown to bestow. The numbers that have been aided in consequence of the late violent storms, have been unusually large the demands on the funds have been heavy, but a confident hope is cherished, that in proportion to the increased necessities will the offerings of charity increase also. Let those who live in comfort, free from the perils of the winds and waves, bestow one thought on those who pass through the paths of the seas. Let them bear in mind, that on occasions of Shipwreck and distress, even a barbarous people will show no little kindness to the sufferers, because of the present rain, and because of the cold and let them remember how much is due from Christians in such a con- dition of calamity, and especially when the Widow and Orphan have been deprived of the only arm on which they could lean for relief. I remain, Sir, your faithful Servant, A SUBSCRIBER TO THE SOCIETY. .#- .#.ø. CHURCH-RATE MEETING AT MERTHYR. To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian SIR,-III justice to the character of my friend and neigh- bour, Mr. C. J. Powell, I feel it to be my duty to make a few remarks on the letter of Fabricius," which appeared in the GUARDIAN of last week. As the said letter appears to me to misrepresent the character and motives of Mr. Powell at the late Church-rate Meeting at Merthyr. On the subject of the meeting itself I shall be silent, although I possess feelings and opinions, with reference to the whole of the proceedings, quite as strong as Fabricius himself. My only desire is to relate simple facts, in order to enable the public to see and judge whether Mr. Powell is or is not guilty of the dharges imputed to him. The said meet- ing, according to due notice, was to commence precisely at 12 o'clock, a.m. About five minutes past 12 o'clock, Mr. William Davies, solicitor, who was on this occasion the leader of the friends of the church, said "As the Rev. Thomas Williams, the curate of the parish, is not present, I beg to propose that Mr- C. J. Powell should take the chair, which was seconded, I believe, by one of the churchwardens, and this seemed to give universal satisfaction but Mr. Powell declined the honour, alleging as his reason, that in all pro- bability the affair would last longer than his business would allow him time to attend to. Mr. D. W. James then pro- posed that Lewis Lewis should take the chair, which was seconded by Mr. P. Thomas. Mr. William Davies moved, as an amendment, that the Rev. T. Williams should be re- quested to take the chair, which was seconded. Here Mr. C. J. Powell, was desired by all parties to take the sense of the meeting. He did so-and from the result he was obliged to decide in favour of Mr. Lewis Lewis—as there were at least 10 to 1 for Lewis Lewis, Further than thus declaring the sense of thf meeting, when desired to do so, I am con- vinced that Mr. Powell, had no more to do with the appoint- ment of Lewis Lewis, to the chair, than Fabricius himself had. Again, I am at a loss to know how Fabricius can imagingihat Mr. Powell, was a passive tool in the hands of Mr. D. W. James," when Mr. James, moved" that no rate at all be granted," and Mr. Powell's amendment was that a rate should be granted sufficient to cover the principal legal items in the Church-wardens' estimate, and this pro- position of Mr. Powell's was warmly approved of by most of the friends of the Church,-but a poll having been de- manded previouslv, it could not be legally entertained. Mr. C. J. Powell, has been for many years one of my parishioners. I have ever found him a most cheerful and liberal supporter of our venerable Church and Sacred Insti- tution, whenever I have solicited his aid, and very frequent have been the occasion of my doing so. 1 have the honor to be, Sir, Your humble servant, E. JENKINS. Dowlais, February 8th, 1843. To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. Sitt, -I F.,kBRICIUS' may reserve his eloquence and spare his classic vituperations. On the tympanum of Mr. Powell they fall as II stale and flat" as does Dowlais beer on the palate of a thirsty man after a thunder storm. W hat cares a thriving brewer for the Socinian Gallio,' or the Stabular Curippus. Oats or tan are nothing to a Cerevisian Coctor— Quote He-brew, and he will cock his ear. His tone of Latin is confined to Comlus Indicus,' though he knows not how to decline Nux vomica. His logic is wrapt up in this syllogism-I brew beer. The deepest drinkers of beer hate the Church, therefore I hate the Church. Q. E. D. What a storm of fine writing has Fabricius' thrown away upon this scion of the stately tree of Powell, of W The best butt of porter ever brewed by Samuel Whitbread had an exciseman boiled in it. He fell into the copper. We question if by so doing he could increase the sale of the small and sour. There is one Radical brewer who would not willingly mesh his Antiqua Mater," though he had been cradled in her bosom, and nourished by her milk. Perish the Church, but success to fermented barley. Up with the mug and down with the rate. The organ of veneration in a brewer is the barrel- organ. Thine faithfully, PLAIN SENSE. J EMIGRATION,- OR WHICH IS THE BEST COUNTRY! To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. SIR,—As the subject of Emigrating is much sought after, allow me, through your widely circulated Journal, to give a few hints upon it. I left this country sometime agoi to better my condition,—being a farmer, and a single man, I travelled through all the Emigrating States of America, and both the Canadas, but I found the Wisconsin Territory, near Upper Canada, at least five times better than any other country. I have a farm close to the principal Shipping Port of this country, which is the size of England, and as much like it as possible, a grove and prairie country; not a tree wants cutting away—land cleared by nature-soil a black loam, knee deep, and fit for every kind of farming—there are thousands of farms still vacant, close by me, price 5:f, an acre, (government deed included) no taxes, except "school tax" or tithes—and close to market, and every other conve- nience as much as in England produce sells well for cash, stock very cheap and plentiful; cows t I 10s. each, sheep 4s. and everything cheap in proportion. A person with small means may be sure to reach to independence soon, as the land increases in value every year as it gets peopled. I live adjoining a Welsh settlement of about 400, and all doing exceeding well that I have seen, and I think I have seen the most of them. I have no interest in praising this place, I declare to my God, more than to benefit my fellow man, at a time when so very many are returning back disappointed, having gone to the wrong parts of America Pray avoid going to timber countries, which are all east of this-and land companies in Canada-there are none allowed here. You can get out at a trifling expense, by way, of New York or Quebec, JE2. a head from either of those places (excluding provisions). Letters go from England to Wisconsin in 18 or 20 days, by steam. As I came here on business, to return this season, my Welsh friends desired me to let their country- men know of this place and any information to respectable persons I will give if applied to, I will just add that land may be had from the government upon trust, at 5s. an acre, (without interest). The country is very healthy-no extreme of heat or cold, like every other part of America—from its-, situation on the great lakes or inland seas. I am, Sir, yours respectfully, Pottem, near Devizes, Wilts. J. GIDDINS. ODD FELLOWS. To the Editor of the Advertiser and Guardian. SIR,-I observed in your valuable paper of Saturday last, an article relate to Odd Fellows' funerals, being part of the Visitation Charge of the Archdeacon of Durham, in which the rev. gentleman remarked, that their character savoured more of Deism than Christianitv. bv their hn Tin cr or wishing to have public prayers and orations at the grave of a deceased brother. I have no doubt but that the rev. gentleman mentioned that with the best of motives, but although his intentions may be good, I feel it my duty, as a member of the Order of Odd Fellows, to state that he is in- correct in his statement, and that the laws, regulations, and lectures of the Odd -Fellows are so far from being what he has thought proper to designate them as the East is from the West; and in order to inform him (and any one else whom it may concern,) more correctly relative to the religious opinions of Odd Fellows, I will conscientiously give you a few specimens of the language of some of those beautiful lectures, which are read monthly in every lodge-such lec- tures that it would not he derogatory either to the character or learning of the rev. gentleman if he himself attended to hear them- after which he would be a more competelltjuilge of the matters, which I am sorry to say he so unjustly con- e demned. The first thing impressed on the mind of a person initiated into the Order of Odd Fellowship is-" That he has entered into a society which is consistent with all laws, religion, and sound morality;" they are enjoined "to a strict adherence to temperance, sobriety, and chastity;" they are informed t!:lat the chief attributes of the institution are benevolence, brotherly love, and chastity;" they are enjoined to be just, because justice and equity are the principal supports of human society;" to be good, because goodness connects all hearts in the pleasing bonds of affection to be indul gent and gentle, because feeble themselves they ought to be indulgent and gentle to those beings who are subject to, and partakers of, our weaknesses and our wants," The line of conduct described as necessary for them to pursue, to forgive injuries, because revenge perpetuates hatred to do good to him who injures them; endeavour to make friends of those who, were once their enemies; be reserved in their demeanour, temperate in their enjoyments, and chaste in their pleasures." The three great duties impressed upon their minds, are their duty towards God, their neighbour, and themselves,- To God, by holding his name in awe and veneration, view- ing him as their chief good, imploring his aid in laudable pursuits, and supplicating his protection on all well-meant endeavours always to live in the fear and love of God in fear of His just vengeance if they disobey His injunctions; and in love of His mercy if they attend His divine precepts.— To their neighbour, by acting justly, considering him equally entitled with themselves to share the blessings of providence, rendering unto him those favours, which in a similar situa- tion they would expect to receive. To live in peace with their neighbour, to do which they should inform him of any approaching danger, if in their power, and to lend him all the assistance they can without prejudice to themselves. To themselves, by not abusing the bounties of providence, im- pairing their faculties by irregular living, or debasing theiT possession by intemperance that they are to flee from that which is evil, and clwe to that which is good; they are re commended to show their thankfulness, "by at all-times revering that eternal, infinite, and incomprehensible BEING, the creator of all things, who by His Almighty power and wisdom, preserves and governs all, and is the only proper object of our worship;" they consider the laws be instituted as those which they should observe, viz., the ten command- ments, and sundry other laws, by which their conduct should be regulated. They wear aprons made of skins, in order to put them in mind of the transgressions of our first parents, and to denote their recovery by the great atonement,—they were clothed with skins of sacrificed animals. They wear roses to put them in mind of JESUS CHRIST, who is called the Rose of Sharon; and they consider it to be the indispensable duty of every Odd Fellow to cleave to him who is of unbounded comliness, delightfulness, and efficacy. If they act thus, when they are called from this earthly lodge to that bourne from which no traveller returns," they hope to enjoy everlasting happiness in that grand lodge above, whose patriarch is the Great Jehovah They consider it as a part of their duty to attend the funeral of a deceased brother. Previously to their leaving their lodge-room, a lecture is read to them, in which they are warned of the instability and transitory nature of all human enjoyments,—that life and health (which next to Divine favour, we prize above all human possessions,) are held on such a frail tenure, that they cannot assure them- selves of the possession of them for a moment,—that the funeral they are going to attend, should operate upon their minds as a loud and solemn warning to prepare for that state of being, to which it hath pleased God to remove their departed brother, and to which they are all rapidly hastening, —that the frequency of funerals should not render them callous to the awful impressions which they ought to make, but considering them as so many mementos of mortality, they should strive to obey the Divide injunctions of our Blessed Saviour. At the grave they have a short address (not to supersede the beautiful funeral office of. our Established Church, but after the service is over, and by the consent of the Minister). A part of it I shall just notice What man is he that liveth, and shall not see death 1 the living know they must die; man cometh up like a flower, and is cut down like the grass; he heapeth up riches, but cannot tell who shall enjoy them naked we came into the world, and naked we return out of it; the Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away, blessed be the name of the Lord.-[N.B. A'll to bow"here. I. To the dark grave, the last retreat of all, we have consigned the mortal remains of our departed brother, but though his voice can no more be heard among us to gladden our passing hours though his hands can no more extend their wonted benevolence, nor his informed mind impart its sage intelli- gence yet, in pious recollection of days that we passed together, we will follow him beyond the grave, and he shall still have a place in our memory till we, too, pay the debt of nature, when we once more hope we shall meet in a happier lodge, and live in perfect unison of friendship, before the All-beneficent and Most High God! "To us, who may still remain candidates for holy bliss and never-fading crowns, do Thou, 0 Most Holy Father, shower down Thy grace, and bless us ever more." [Brothers to respond AMEN, with their hands clasped close to their brealú. ] May I inquire, Mr. Editor, in what part of the above can any unprejudiced person stigmatize Odd Fellows with the character of Deists 1 Is there a society or human institution whose laws and regulations are more consistent with Divine truthl I could easily multiply passages similar to the above, which I have written, verbatim, out of their lectures, &c., to prove that the rev. gentleman's accusations are not correct. As an Odd Fellow and a Christian, I am instructed not to render evil for evil, nor raillery for raillery and I trust that he will not, in future, speak so positively on a subject with which he is unacquainted. Odd Fellows, at present, are not a society known only in a corner-iio they have, and they are spreading throughout the length and breadth of this and other lands, 58 members of our Senate, and many hundred ministers of the Gospel of the blessed Jesus, both of the Established Church and Dissenters are united with the Order, which at present number above 280,000 persons, who are, together with the religious opinions mentioned above, informed that Odd Fellowship U does not admit of anything derogatory to the allegiance we owe to our beloved Sovereign; as subjects of State, Odd Fellows ought to be peaceable and dutiful, conforming cheerfully to the Government undcr which they live to pay due deference to superiors, and from inferiors to receive honour with reluctance rather tha:i extort it." Consequently, that part of the charge directing church- wardens how to act, might have been altogether left out, -because Odd Fellows will not contend with them on the subject, as the reading of the lecture is left wholly at the dis- cretionary opinion of the district to which they belong, who, if they found any minister object to the reading of it, th^y would not for a moment press the subject. As a human institution, we confess that many vmwortIn- characters have crept, and do, occasionally, creep in unaware^ among us; but the cloven fQQt cannot, be long kept con- cealed, as they are soon found out by the scrutinizing eye of our laws, when they have no longer a place among us. Wishing every prosperity to your valuable paper, I remain, Mr. Editor, Yours respectfully, Paradise Lodge, Cowbridge,) JAMES REYNOLDS. 7th Feb., 1843f


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