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FRAUDULENT ISSUE OF EXCHEQUER BILLS. No new facts of any great consequence have tran- spired in relation to the Excliequei- Bill fraud beyond the continuation of the examinations at the Treasury, and the visits there of the holders of the bills to have their securities tested and marked. The market for this description of security remains in the same paralysed state. There have been rumours as to the amount of the spurious [)ills bt-ii)g inu(-Ij greater than has been supposed, but they are too vague to be noticed. It appears, however, although the examina- tion of them at the Bill Oiffce is being carried on with all possible despatch, that in consequence of the large number to be tested, the examination will occupy the whole of this month. On Saturday week Govern- ment issued a notice to the holders of these bills, stating that receipts will be given by the Comptroller General for such as prove to be genuine, but tint the instruments purporting to be the bills which do not coincide with the counterfoils would be retained to wait the directions of the Treasury but for these also a receipt would be given. This determination on the part of Government not to part with forged bill* appears to have crested considerable dissatisfac- tion among tho mouied circles, and many individuals ofgreatweait)) are said to have been so extremely indignant at the course pursued at the Treasury, that they have declared that they and their connexions wili in March send in all the Exchequer Bills they hold to he exchanged, not for new bills, but for money, and that they will never again place their capital in that description of securitv. This demon- stration has caused so much alarm, that many persons have come to the resolution not to send up their bills to be examined at all. but rather keep them until the day when all Exchequer Bills come to maturity, and then demand payment of them at the Exchequer. On Tuesday week, another notice from tho Comp- troller-General was posted at the Stock-Exchange, stating that, in accordance with the regulations that would be adopted in the examination of the bills, the time between eiht and ten in the morning would he appropriated to the duty of delivering to the bearers of Lord .Mouieagie's receipts, the Exchequer Bills which should be examined and stamped: and after that time, this duty cei!;e, An(I the receipt and examination of the bills deposited be began and continued till dusk.—On Wednesday week, the affair acquired a new interest, in consequence of the arrest of another of the parties supposed to be implicated in it. An individual, largely engaged iu stock-jobbing transactions, of the narao of Kapallo, was examined at the Mansion House, the result of which was his subsequent commit tal to the Compter until brought up again for further examination. It appears from his own confession that he had extensive transactions with Mr. Smith in Exchequer Bills; that the last in which he was concerned, was about a fortnight previously to the discovery being made; and that Mr. Smith called upon hint on this orcasiou with no less than eighty one thousand pound bills. He denied, however, all knowledge of their being forged or fraudulently obtained —On the following Thursday, Mr. B Smith, was finally examined at Bow-street. Mr. Maule, Solicitor to the Treasury, attended for the prosecution. He stated at length the prisoner's confession as to his participation in this transaction: that he had admitted that no person in the office was concerned in it but himself; and that he alone was the author of all the mischief. In answer to a question whether ho had forged the hil's, he IHld replied that he had put the numbers on them but another hand, which he could not disclose, had put the name. He was asked if he knew for wh"t amount he had issued bills, and he said he could lIot tell, but it was for a large amount, and that it was easily done. He was then asked how, and he replied that lie had a number ol hills over and above tiie issue, which he used for the piiri)o,;e, iiiaiiy of which were given to RapaUo, with tl e numbers only on Llteiii, without the signature, and that some ot them fliigllt be still iii ij;iticl. He was committe,1 to Newgate to take his ti-i;tl.- Oil the same day Ifr. Kapallo underwent another examination at the Man sion-house. Mr. Waddiugtou attended for the Trea- sury. He slated that the prisoner was immediately and criminally imp! cated with Mr. Smith in this affair; tint he had received bills to the amount of aflHO 000 from him, of which he was prepared to prove that 16, amounting to the sum of JM6.000, were fo ged. After a lengthened examination the prisoner, who declined saying anything, was again remanded for ten days. The excitement and uneasi- ness felt by the public on the subject have also been increased in consequence of a statement that spurious bills for 9500 each have been detected, it being hitherto understood that tho*e issued by Mr. Smith were all of 4? 1,000. There appear, indeed, to be so many reports current, so many conflicting accounts abroad, and so much alarm in the public mind, that it is difficult to determine to what extent the mis- chief extends. It is, indeed, asserted by a morning paper, upon what is stated to be good authority, that of the main and more interesting facts relating to the subject, the public have as yet but little conception and it is thought that before many davs shall have elapsed ?'' expose w: II be laid officially before the country of a very astounding character. The Gloucester Chronicle in an article on the late Exchequer Bill fraud HYS- The document itself, which is of the size of a Bank of England note specifies the Act of Parliament under whicli the issue is authorised. We were favoured the other day with a sight of a number of these Bills, but about one half of the paper h iving been cut off in order that the parts which contained the signature Nloitteagle" might be forwarded to the proper office for examination, all the printed matter could not be seen. Enough was left however to show that their tenour was as follows (COUNTREF >IL, YYY No. NO. retained in the By virtue of an Act passed Exchequer. in Ihe Reign, fyc., for raising 2|1| £ the sum of Eleven Millions for No. the service of the year ending, 4.e. X This Bill entitles ——————. or order to Five Hundred Pounds, Ista. at ihe rule ff ilttvrelt oj Two *HI* !'cncc far^nn9 Pcr eent. per day, be paid out of any supplies to 1 after the passing of j-' 2p)j|S the Sdid Act, or to pass in pay merit of the public revenue in any of Her Majesty's Ojjice.s at HE expiration of twelve months frorri the date hereof Dated at the Exchequer at Westminster, this day of ^C' Moy:TEAGLE. Jlfji if the blank is not filled i Sjli* UP> this bdl will be> paid to bearer. N.B. The cheque must not be cut-off. I The paper upon which these were printed was of a peculiar kind and colour, and the margin on the left had the same appearance as that which a banker's check assumes when it is cut out of the file with a kniip. The "N.B. appended to the Bill means, we suppose, that that part of the flower work which it contains was not to be cut off. Mr. E. B. Smith whose name will be handed down to posterity in connexion with the most exten- sive fraud that ever took place, was the ciiier i-lerk in the office where these bills were prepared. He had charge of the legally prepared paper and no cheek having been kept upon him he converted the facilities he possessed into the means of promoting dishonest purposes. Suspicion was aroused in consequence of large amounts of Exchequer Bills having been de. posited with money lenders on loan and a high rate of interest allowed. The particular mode ill which the Iraud was committed is not known, neither is the extent of it ascertained. The occurrence bears on its face looseness and bad management in the office where such dishonesty could hale been poetised for so long a time without detec- tion. It might have flourished iu all its raukiio>s lot several years more, but for the fortunate suspicion which was nosonner expressed than investigated into by Ilr. Gt)ull)ourti, tit(, Cli;iticellor of the Excljeqti(,r. Amongst the most glaring loosenesses prevalent for a series ol years was the practice of allowing sub- ordinate officers to sign to the names of the Coinp- troller-Gencral for the time being in the same way as though the name had been written by the Coinp p- (roller himself. It is said that Mr. Eden was ill the same practice of signing the names of Lord Grenville and Sir John Newport, and, up to a certain time, the name of the redoubtable Lord Monteagle. Latterly the duty fell upon Mr. Perceval, and some say that .Mr. Smith enjoyed a share ot the privilege. Now it is obvious that out of this unbusinesslike mode of procedure as to signing, will arise a great difficulty in ascertaining what bills are genuine and what spurious. In the common business of life the signature is understood to afford the readiest and most decisive evidence; but in the management of the affairs of the I- Ne%v" Exchequer, people must not expect, it seems, attention to be paid to any thing, however essential, which involves the slightest trouble to the best-paitf functionary. Lord Monteagle looks with vacant stare at all Exchequer Bill which purports to bear his signature: he knows not whether it be written by the proper person or not: his eyes are of no more use to him than his iio-je,-for as well may he be asked to pronounce upon the genuineness of the document hy the smell of it as by the exercise of his organs of vision. Wel I w flat's to be done? Just this: Try if the margin or edge of the bill corresponds to that part of the file out of which it should have been cut, if genuine. "Countrefoit" is the official term for the part left after the bill has been cut out. Most persons who do banking business have the blank checks bound up in a book. When one is filled up, a note of the number, the date, the amount, and the purpose to which the payment is applied, is written on the coutitrefoil," to make use of the fine word of the bungling Exchequer; the knife is then drawn througgh the fancy type work which adorns the check towards the left, the jotting remains as part of ihe volume, and the check is tifiiided over to the person authorised to receive the money. Well, Lord Monteagle, being unable to deduce any thing from the signature, is busily engaged in looking at the number, the date, and the amount of the bill, and turning up the countrefoils to see if a corresponding number, date, and amount be noted. When he discovers those to agree, he then places the edge of the bill to the edge oT the countrefoi!, and when the waves in the fancy-works correspond he says ill's I igilt, and a stamp is imprinted upon it to show that it is genuine. Should the number, the date, and the amount agree, but should the edges not fall into each other, then the doom of the bill is sealed, it is declared to be spurious, and the holdei is refused possession of it. III one of the latest announcements made hy his Lordship, lie states that he cannot pursue the edge-comparison after dusk," -(Jay-liglit being required to examine the waves and see that they all agree. This is complained of as vexatious,the day being short; and it is alleged that good gas light is as favourable to inspection as roy day-light. It is stated, also, that a knife of a peculiar construction was used in cutting the bills from the coutitreroil- giving the cut parts a jagged or wavy appearan e. In the bills we have seen nothing of tho kind is discernible: the lines are as straight as a knife of the common construction and a steady hand could make them; nay, so straight are they that something seems to have been used to keep the hand stead v. MAIL GUAR;>S.— Mr. Robert Dunlop, mail coach guaid between Cheltenham and Aberystwith, has been dismissed from his situation, on the complaint of the Mayor "f Worcester, for accepting a fee, contrary to the recent regulations by which an increat.edsa)ary has been granted to guards con dilionally that they receive no gratuities from pas- sengers. The present case is rarher a hard one, as Dunlop, who has a large family, merely accepted a fee which was given to him without any solicita- tioti oil lii- I)art. His offence, therefore, consisted in not refusing money when it was offered him. CAUTION TO ADVERTISERS. — We must enntion the public ifgaiust parties who are in the habit of putting advertisements in ihe country newspapers, offering to supply the London newspapers at «uch prices as fnustcouvince uny person who will tuke the trouble to make the slightest calculation, that a fraud is intended. It has very often happened, that persons being tempted by the low prices named, have sent the parties orders for papers, and, as desired by them. payment in advance, and in every instance such persons have been swindled out of their money. Advertisements of the above descrip- tion have been observed to abound, of late, in the country papers, and there is reason to fear that some of the London sharpers have reaped a rich hardest by this nefarious practice. MECHANICS' INSTITUTES. — From a statement that has recently been published, it appears that there are 216 Mechanics' Institutions in England, coiripiHjnif 26,651 members and subscribers, ol whom about half belong to the class of workmen and that the number of lectures delivered yearly is about 1,198. The three great meatis ofulteflilnpss which appear to be proposed by these institutes a^e— Classes for rpular i nstrllet ion, Lectures, and Libraries. Ti,e I-i,,erp(,ol Mechanics' lustiiution cost, it seeing, no less than £ 15,000, contains upwards of 3,300 members—850 pupils iu tine.- days schools 000 pupils in 15 or 16 evening clashes has 5o teachers regularly employed, whose salaries amount to £5.000 ii-year-a library of 7,<>00 volumes, with 1,300 readers, and a daily dis- tribution of 200 volufaies-tind public lectures twice a week, attended by audiences varying from 600 to 1,300. PAISLEY — On Saturday week this town was the scene of a singular exhibition. Alr F. O'Contior indtbe Rev. Mr Brewster having challenged one another to debate the relative merits of moral and physical force as the instrument for securing the peopl(", charter, tenus were arranged by their respective friends, and a discussion took place between the champions, in the open air, in the presence of about 4,000 po. pie. Both gentlemen spoke at great length in support of their respective creeds as Chartists, and both claimed the majority when the vote was taken. It was then proposed that the field should be divided, and Mr. O'Connor, waving his hat, called upon all his friends to follow him. This Was immediately done, and Mr O'Connor climbed a tree, and made it his rostrum; when it became evident that Mr Brewster bad a large majority. THE CONVICT BI-AKESLBY.—The defence M :de on behalf of this wretched man was, it appears, not groundless. Several persons who were acquainted with his peculiarities and habits, upon hearing of his having committed murder, expressed no surprise at it, as they observed that he invariably evinced symptojns of madness at the fall of the year. His eldest brother also betrayed lunacy, so much so, that his father sent hiin, a few years ago, to a friend iu Gloster, to see what effect change of scene would have upon him This brother went out t o bathe one morning, and as he did not return for some time, messengers were despatched after him, when his clothes were found on the bank. Search wa3 immediately made for the body, and it was dragged from the river. The sup- position is that he committed suicide. flis utifor. tunitefamity intend leaving the country, ANECDOTE OF TIIF. DUE OP WELLINGTON'S Y O't;TH During the government of Ireland by Lord Westmorland, from i790 to 1795, when the Hon. Arthur Wellesley was attached to the Vice-Regal Court, then superintended by the Hon. Mrs Stratford, now the Dowager Countess of Aldborougb, Mrs Woodcock, confessedly the most beautiful woman in Ireland, after spending a festive evening at the Castle, found it impossible to obtain the usual conveyance of a hand-chair to take her home, in consequence of an overwhelming fall of snow, which compelled the desertion of every stand. Her disappointment was visible, but was promptly relieved by the Hon. Mr Wellesley and the Hon. Mr Perry, the present Karl of Limerick, who gallantly volunteered their services; and seizing a chair that always awaited in the hall, carried their fair charge, IlInd a s'orm of drifted and assailing snow, to her rather distant residence. A FORTUNATE [l':PORTER.-A Yankee editor, describing the bursting of a cannon, hy which several persons were badly wounded, says:—" Our reporter, who had his hand blown off, was fortunately on the spot, and has narrated to us the full particulars of the catastrophe," NEW RAILWAY CARItIAGE.-Oti Friday week a party of directors of various lines of railway were in- vited bv the chairman of the Manchester and Leeds Railway to take an excursion iu a carriage of a novel construction, built according to his own plan and design anil we think very great cre dit is due to Mr. Houldsworth for his invention. The under training is of the usual construction, but the body is unique. The flour is considerably wider than ordinary.and the sides curve outwards till they join a circular roof, the greater part of which is iftted with wire gauze to give air, but capable of being instantaneously covered with waterproof material hy the aclion of an inside handle, so that sun and raiii may be shaded out at .1 pleasure. The sides ore fitted throughout with plate glass, and ranges of seats occupy the floor, leaving' passages on either hand. Tents are also contrived ,in tho sides, which close at will by spring action. The eff el of the interior resembles the inside of a conservatory. During the progress of the party through the very beautiful hill scenery to Todmorden and Hebdeu bridge, a collation was partaken of, and UIp wille-cup circulated, the iii,,inbeis of tho party moving about in groups, conversing as though iu a fixed apartment, or rather a steamer's cabin. On the road some experiments were tried with a self-acting break, the invention of Messrs. Nasmyth and Patri- croft, intended to obviate the necessity of guarJs to a train, by rendering the breaks automatic, and, conse- quently, certain.—Derby Mercury. LOUD LYNDHURST.— We have always been ad- mirers of Lord Lyndhurst. His resuming his seat, therefore, in the Court of Chancery on Tuesday last was to us a gratifying event. We resolved to witness it. We have witnessed it, and in doing so. have seen an occurrence which, regarded in connection with the previous progress of the learned nobleman up to this day, has, we believe, no parallel in the legal history of this country. We remember some years since, when attacked in the House of Lords Oil ac- count of his reputed ambition, he said in reply. Although I have been accused as a man of sinister views, yet having twice passed that chnir (pointing to the Woolsack), I have no ifurllwr wishes." He has for the third time taken the chair; and we are mis- taken if the great majority of the country will not accord him a position which he always occupied "ith a dignity and ability ealeu'ated to render it venerable in the eyes of the country,-Times THE BUD"; LIGHT -The new system of lighting and ventilating by means of the improved light was, lately, most successfully shown at Christ Church, Albany-street, Regent's park, at the evening service, a more perfect illumination having been produced by two ornamental lustres (similarto those used in the House of Commons) than by the 72 argand burners previously used there. The perfict ventilation of the church was likewise e!T<;e!ed by means of flues ascending from these lustres through the ceiling into the oprttair,which carried of all heat. noxious pro- ducts of combustion, as well as air vitiated by res- piration, so prejudicial to lIealth in close or crowded apartments. These advantages appear to be peculiar to a light of this power, as lights of a lesser power must 110 placed at such distance from the ceiling, in order to illuminate the lower parts of a room or building, as would render impracticable any attempt to carry ventilating flues from each light; independent of which,|the glare from a multiplicity ol naked ligliits is not only offensive, but injurious to the sight. These improvements were alluded to in a very appropriate manner from the pulpit by thereftor, Mr. Dodswortli. GOOD ROADS. Good roads equalise enjoyments and spread property in many ways. The very making of the roads takes so much property as the road costs, in wages, from those who have it, aud transfer it to the labourers who make the road, and who have it not Then, aptin, a road is like a coat, good on the back of one man and ragged on the back of another; but it is equally good for the poor man and king. Good roads, by opening easy communication from the sea and rivers to the remotest parts of the country, enable those who live in those remote parts to bring their pro- ducts eaily to market. This increases the price of their products" and of their lands, of course; and this tends to equality of prices. So tliat, finally, by the aid of good roads, railroads, canals, and other communica. tions, all parts of the country stand as nearly as may be upon the same footing of equality, instead of being in a half barbarous condition, where all commerce, manufactures,anll riches, are confined to a few places on the sea or the rivers. Miss Adelaide Kcmblc, a younger daughter of Mr. Charles Keinble, made a most successful debut at Cogent Garden, on the cvenitn; of Tuesday week. She appeared as Norma in Bellini's Opera of that name. The fair debutante was hailed with tho most rapturous applause by an overflowing -iutlitiiet-. Iliss Keint)le seemed for a few moments," says the Times, overcome by the excess of applause, ami rested on the altar before the sacred oak. During her first recitative she scarcely had full power over her voice, and her reading was rather monotonous, but iu Casta Diva she at once took the position as a prima donna, which siIP sustained all thejeveuing, and which places her beyond comparison with any singers on the English stage that have been heard for many years. The cultivation of her voice, the command she has acquired over it, the power of subduiiu it, ace Italian, it) lier very tones there is a sound of Italy. Her voice is powerful, though not always equal, especially in the higher ranifn; when she occasionally appears to have reached her highest pitch; but there were times when these high notes were of the most exquisite quality, especially in the ascending passage at ths close of Casta Diva. Her execution is always truc- always given with the finish of a mistress; and her ornaments, though evincing no original conception, are neat aud graceful. She takes her po- sition as all artist trained in the highest school, and in that position she stands alone." Two Commissions of Inquiry are about to be ap- pointed by Her Majesty's Government. The one at the suggestion of the First Lord of the Treasury and the Chancellor of the Exchequer—the other at the suggestion of the Lord Chancellor. The object of the first of these Commissions will be to inquire into the charge of collecting the public revenue, and of considering whether it will he poss ble to effect any reduction in that charge, either by the consolidation of offices or by the suppression of them, or by new arrangements for the receipt and transmission of the revenue. This commission will also inquire whether any additional facilities can be given for carrying on the cotiitvipi-ce manufactures of the country without loss or risk to tho revenuer. We understand that Lord Granville Somerset, Mr Gladstone, Mr Bingham Baring, Mr Millies Gaskell, and .Mr Pi ingle, have undertaken to conduct the inquiries above referred to, Lord Granville Somerset,WHO will preside over the Commission took a leading part in the investig itions 011 which the reductions made by tho Duke of Wellington's Government in 1828, 1829, and IS30 were consequent. It is probable that the Com- missioners will vi«it some of the principal outports for the purposeof examining personally into the mode of conducting business. The object of the second Commission, which the Lord Chancellor proposes to institute, vill be to examine into the for us and modes of proceeding ill the courts of equity, with a view of rendering the system less cumbrous, and the progress of a suit less tedious expensive. We have reason to believe that Lord Langdale, Mr Pemberton, and Mr Wiuram, who has been recently appointed Vice-Chmcellor, In ve undertaken to lend their invaluable services for the conduct of this investiga- tion which, like the other, will be cnriied on without ativ charge to the public.-Tiiiies. NARROW ESCAPB. — O-I Friday se'nnitfbt, aa Mis Johns, of D'jlecothy, was walking on the sands at the Ferry Side, Carmarthenshire, accompanied by a servant, she "Ilddculy found that the tide was rising so rapidly as almost to encouipa-s them stie ini- niediatedly dispatched hei servunt for assistance, but before it auived, the tide had completely henniied heriu, aud obliged her to retire into a crevice of the rocks, when her situation was descried by the Rev. T. B. Gwynne, Rector of St. lshmael's, who, by dint of great exertion, and hy (lescelidilig a very high cliff, contrived to reach the almost petrified Udy; for fear had such an effec t upon her, as to rentier her comp eiely helpless. The water by this time reached above her knees, and the spray was dasilinz ovei- her, when Mr. Gwynue, contrived by lifting her frotn ledu;e to ledge ot the locks, to place her out of danger until help arriied. This is the third pers n whom lite rcv. olentleiiian has saved from drowning and on one occasion, when a coracle had been upset and a boy was in imminent d in^er, he dived in water of upwards of 15 feet for him, alld saved his life. DISCOVERY OF JEWELS.—-A recent di >covery of jewels in the Exchequer Office has been the sub- ject of much conversation during the last week. The treasure found is said to be of considerable value, aud according to all appearances, it has been hid 150 years — plainly fur mure than a century. The ino-t probable surmise 1, thai the jewels were pledged in lite reign either of Charles II. or James II., princes w I'.o observed no remarkable regulai ity in their financial operations. THE HARVEST MOUSE.—The smallest of British quadrupeds is supposed to be the harvest mouse, hitherto found only In Hampshire, mid which is so diminutive, that two of thein put into a scalI) just weighed down one copper halfpenny. One of the nests of these little animals was procured by Mr White; it was most artificially platted and composed of wheat blades, and perfect y round, about the size of a cricket-ball. It w as so compact and well filled, that it would roll across a table without being discomposed, though it contained (jight young ones. This wonderful cradle was found in a wheat field, suspended in the heau of a thistle.—Liverpool Chronicle,


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