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3Entptrtal PARLIAMENT.


3Entptrtal PARLIAMENT. HOUSE OF LORDS-THURSDAY. Lord GLENELG stated, in answer to the Earl of Ripon's inquiry, that the Government had consented to the granting of a charter to the New Zealand Association, on certain conditions; but the con- ditions not having been complied with, the intention to grant the charter had ceased. The Association now sought to introduce a Bill, if not opposed by the Government and the Government had replied that, there would be no opposition to the introduction of such a Bill, as in that shape it could be fairly and fully discussed the Government, however, reserv- ing the right to support or oppose such Bill as may be deemed right. The Bishop of EXETER intimated that he should to mprrow put a question as to the revival of the Committee on Irish education: Lord GLENELG moved the third reading of the Canada Government Bill, which again called forth considerable discussion. § Lord RLLENBOitOUGH resisted the Bill as un- necessarily severe. Lord' GLENELG admitted Its severity, but con- tended that it was unavoidable. Lord ASHBURTON thought, if there could not be amicable proceedings between the two countries, that separation would be the more advisable course. Lord MANSFIELD opposed the Bill, and main- tained that it would neither give satisfaction, nor effect the objects desired. The Marquis of LANSDOWNE having defended the Bill, Lord BROUGHAM once more attacked the Fill, and congratulated himself on having had the support of the sons of those eminent lawyers Mansfield and gileaborough. Lord MELBOURNE, in defending the Bill, said that the Government felr bound to maintain the territories of this country, and that it could not listen to the doctrine of voluntary separation. The influence would be maintained by the promotion of good measures and good feelings, founded on the principles of constitutional liberty. Earl FITZWILLIAM strongly condemned the JBill, declaring: that it would onty be the forerunner of greater difficulties, To endeavour to maintain supremacy by means that appeared to be determined on, and after the example of our contest with America, would only be preparitilr for this country another Iliad of woes." The Bill was then read a third time. Lord GLENELG proposed some verbal alteration, which was adopted. Lord ELLEN BOROUGH proposed a new clause, by way of rider, to the effect that should the Canadian Assembly be dissolved, or a new one con- vened, on the arrival of this act. that the governor should have power to suspend its operation, Lord GLENELQ resisted åtl aa calculated to nullify the whole Bill. The clause was negatived, and the Bill passed.— Adjourned, HOUSE OF COMMONS—.THURSDAY. Col. CONOLLY gave notice that, on the 25th inst., he would move for leave to bring in a Bill for the better protection of the salmon fisheries of Ireland. The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER stated that it was his intention to move for the revival of the chureh rates and chorch leases' committee, to proceed on its recommendations, should any be proposed, and be warranted in the opinion of the Government by the contents of the committee's report. The Longford county election committee were balloted (or, and the names stated. The Canterbury election ballot was not proceeded in. Mr LABOUCHERF, repeated that the French Government did intend to propose an additional duty en linen yarn, and that there was no reason to believe there was any disposition to accede to the represen- tations of the English Government against it. Mr HUME asked whether it was proposed to reduce our duty on French brandy, because, if we made demands on the French Government, we ought to proceed fairly. England taxed French brandy between 600 and 700 per cent., and complained when France proposed to impose only 100 per cent, on some English article. The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER said that it was not very logical to say that England was to rcdnce an existing duty because there was com- plaint against a duty about to be imposed by France. He had no intention to propose any reduction of the duty on French brandy. Mr BARRON moved an address to her Majesty to appoint » commission to inquire into the consti- tution of the board of charitable bequests in Ireland, and into the present charitable funds and property in that part of the united kingdom." Lord MORPETH admitted that there was a strong case in support of inqniry, but submitted that the better mode of proceeding would be by Bill, wherein the powers and expenses could be better-defined and limited; he therefore proposed that the motion should be withdrawn, and that the proceeding should be by Bill. Mr BARRON, in consequence, withdrew his motion. Mr WARBURTON deferred, for a fortnight, his motion regarding the Baron de Bude's French claims. Mr WALLACE then called attention to the petition from the Edinburgh Chamber of Commerce, praying that no experiineut on Mr Rowland Hill's plan may be entered 11110, unless based on its main principles. He moved that the House resolve into committee on the laws regarding the Post-office. The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER said that, much as he respected Mr Hilt, he could not be 80 iuditFereiit to the revenue as to aauctioa at ooae the whole of that plan. A good deal of desultory discussion ensued in the course of which there were many complaints ;egard- ing the present mode of deliveriug letters; but the motion was eventually withdrawn, Mr WALLACE then, with reference to the Edin- burgh petition for establishing a moruing mail to Edinburgh," moved for returns to show what had been done towards carrying into effect the recom- mendations of the post-office commissioners, which, the Chancellor of the Exchequer not objecting to their production, were or ere The ATrORNEY GENERAL obtained leave to bring in several Bills to facilitate the enfranchise- ment of copy,holds-relating to lauds held by copy or court roll-the law of escheat-and to abolish customs affecting lands in certain cases. Mr HUME moved for various returns regarding the couduct of Sir F. [leads as governor of Upper Canada, giving the sanction to Bills without commu- nicatiog the.a to the British Parliament, and other mn^ri which were ordered. On motion of Mr FAZAKERLEY, leave was given to the poor Law committee to report from time to time. The Banking Co-partnership Bill went through committee. t .1 There was a good deal of discussion in the com- mittee oo the 11 Qualification of Members' Bill, in which many amendments were proposed. It was reported, and ordered to be re-considered on a future day in its amended form. CANADA BILL. Lord J. RUSSELL said the Canada Bill had come down from the Lords, with no other amendment than that the Members of the special council should be called upon to take the oath of allegiance required to be taken by the Members of the Legislative Council, by the act of 1791. He trusted the House, therefore, would now agree to this amendment. The amendment was agreed to accordingly, the other orders of the day disposed of, and the House adjourned at 13 o'clock. "II' HOUSE OF LORDS-FRIDAY. The Canada Government Bill was brongbt from the Commons with their Lordships amendment, and agreed to. The Bishop of EXETER asked, 1st, whether the Government intended to revive the Committee re- garding the plan of education for Ireland; and if not, 9dly, whether it was meant to propose any resolution or proceeding on the report ot the com- missioners ? The Marquis of LANSDOWNE answered that it was not intended to propose the revival of such Committee he was not prepared to say whether or not ulterior proceedings were intended. Lord BROUGHAM presented a petition from some delegates, now in London, fr^J'n the cotton- spinners of Glasgow, complainiug of the evidence on which the spinners had been convicted at Edin. burgh. The petitioners prayed that efforts might be made t"ecure a diminution of the sentence. Lord MELBOURNE said had he been aware that on presenting this petition there would be anything stated to impugn the conduct of the law officers of Scotland, or any of the circumstances connected with the trial, he would have endea- voured to make himself master of the facts, to be prepared to answer the Noble and Learned Lord. The petition was laid upon the table. BISHOPRIC OF SODOR AND MAN. Tht Archbishop of CANTERBURY said,before the order ot the day was moved for the second reading of the Bill introduced by the Noble Earl eppo-ite, on the subject of the Bishopric of Sodor and Man, he was anxious to offer a few words to their Lordships, and to the Noble Karl. (Hear.) He (the Archbishop of Canterbury) had received a communication fiom the Isle of Man—from a high authority in that island-which he was desirous of submitting to the consideration of the ecclesiasti- cal commissioners. He was in hopes that the communication would tend to such at) arrangement as would prove satisfactory to all parties. (Hear.) Therefore it was that he now addressed the Noble Earl, requesting him to postpone the motion for the second reading of the Bill until such time as the subject could be duly considered by the eccle- siastical commissioners. He (the Archbishop of Canterbury) should feel himself personally in- debted for this indulgence but at the same time he must add that he could not state what would be the opinion of the ecclesiastical commis- sioners,— he could only intimate his own opinion on the subject. The Earl of IUPON said he certainly should not feel himself justified in now proposing the second reading of the Bill, after what the Most Reverend Prelate had stated. If he understood the Most Reverend Prelate rightly, he had received a com- munication from the Isle of Man, and he was de.. sirous of laying that communication before the ec- olesiastical commissioners, and that he hoped (with- out pledging himself or the commissioners to any thing) it would be the means of tending to a satis- factory arrangement. ("Hear, hear,' from the Arch- bishop of Canterbury). As that was the only ob- ject that he (Lord llipon) could have in view in bringing forward the present Bill, he should most willingly accede to the proposition for deferring the second reading of the Bill. If it would suit the convenience of the Most Rev. Prelate and the commissioners, he would propose Tuesday, the 20th instant for the second reading, The Archbishop of CANTERBURY expressed his obligations to the Noble Earl, who had rightly understood what he had stated. The order of the dAy was then discharged, and Tuesday se'nnight fixed for the second reading. Viscount GORT presented a petition from Limer- ick, complaining of the grand jury assessment in Ireland. The Marquis of LANSDOWNE gave notice that he would, on Monday, move the second reading of the Presbyterian Oaths (Ireland) Bill.—Adjourned. HOUSE OF COMMONS-FIUDAV. Sir E. WILMOT gave notice that, on an early day, he would bring forward a motion for a Bill regarding summary trials and convictions of juvenile offenders. Mr PLU MP rRE presented the protestant petition adopted at Exeter Hall, complaining of the manner in which Roman Catholic members had voted on questions affecting the stability of the Protestant Establishment, and praying the exclusion of mem- bers of that persuasion from the Commons' House. The petitioners stated that they regarded the ad. mission of Roman Catholics to legislative power as equally at variance with Christian duty, and with the Protestant principles and character of the British constitution. That peril to the Protestant religion, and more immediately to the Established Churches of the united kingdom, having apprehended from the admission of Roman Catholics to legislative power, in order to obviate this danger, and as an adequate security for our Protestant Establishments, it was, by the aot of the year 1839, for the relief of his Majesty's Roman Catholic subjects, enacted, that all members of that commuuion should/previously to entering cn their legislative functions, swear that they will 'defend, to the utmost of their power, the settlement of property within this realm, as esta- blished by the laws,' and also that they do 4 disclaim, disavow, and solemnly abjure any intention to sub- vert the present Church Establishment, us settled by law within this reolini, and further, that they never will exercise any privilege to which they are or may become entitled to disturb or weaken the Protestant religion or Protestant government in the united kingdom.' That, notwithstanding the secu- rity which this solemn oath was intended to provide, Roman Catholic members of the legislature have used their utmost exertions, in as well as out of par- liament, for the destruction of the Church Establish- ment, especially of that part of it existing in Ireland that they have voted for the alienation of its pro- perty, a measure characterised by his late Majesty's prime minister, its advocate in the House of Peers, as a I heavy blow to Protestantism in Ireland and that they have also voted for the subtraction of Church Rates from the revenues of the Church of England, not scruplitig to avow, as their ulterior object, that the state should withdraw its support altogether from any particular denomination of Christians, leaving all alike to the precarious main- tenance of the voluntary system but with the ulti- mate design, as the petitioners were convinced, of finally establishing the domination of the popish su- perstition. The petitioners humbly submitted that the foregoing brief statement establishes, beyond all controversy, the two following facts:—1. That upon the admission of Roman Catholics to parlia- ment, a certain security was in tended to he provided by the legislature for the Church Establishment. 2. That the security has proved wholly inefficacious. Under these circumstances, the petitioners humbly submitted to the House, that it is absolutely neces- sary to devise some more effectual safeguard for our national establishments; that scriptural authority, and the principles of the British constitution, as well as experience, call for the total exclusion of Romam Catholics from the legislature; and the peti- tioners humbly implore the House to take such steps as may be deemed advisable lor the accomplishment of this essential object." The Hon, Member said he must confess that, respecting the prayer of this petition, he had been always of one opinion, and nothing that has since occured, either inside or out- side that House, could induce him to alter it—name- ly, that it was highly impolitic and inexpedient to admit Roman Catholics to Parliament, and he there- fore concurred in the sentiment of the petition. Mr WAKLEY complained that the petition im- puted "perjury" to an immense number of Hon. Members in that house, and added that he should oppose its being laid upon the table. After some discussion, however, Mr O'CONNELL announced that his Hon. Friend the Member for Finsbury would not press the amendment. The petition was thereupon ordered to lie upon the table. Mr CRESSWELL gave notice that on the 23rd instant be should bring forward, a motion on the subject of the Danish claims. Col. CONOLLY inquired whether there was any measure contemplated to promote emigration from Ireland ? Lord J. RUSSELL answered that there was a clause in the Poor Laws (Ireland) Bill on the sub- ject. No other measure was contemplated. Mr HUME gave notice that on the tirrt supply day he should bring forward a motion regarding the appointment of a Mr Primrose to the office of cashier and receiver-geueral of the, Scotland, he before having held no appointment in the Post-office department. Lord J. RUSSELL was understood to state that he had not before heard anything of the subject. Lord G. SOMERSET inquired whether it was the intention to fill up the office of governor of Greenwich Hospital. Lord J. RUSSELL answered in the affirmative. Lord MORPETH moved that the House resolve into Committee on the Poor Laws (Ireland) Bill. Mr O'CONNELL moved, as an amendment, that it be committed that day six months. After an extended discussion, the House divided, —the numbers were, for the motion, 277; against it, 35, 0 The Bill was then committed pro forma. On the report of the Parliamentary Electors Bill, Mr JARVIS moved that, after the passing of this act, no sum of money shall be taken or received by any overseer or other person for or in respect of the registration of any voter. Negatived by 152 to 75. The third reading., of the Custody of Insane Per- sons Bill was postponed until Tuesday, and the Banking Co-partnership'BiU wa* reported. The ATTORNEY GENERAL gave notice that on Tuesday he would move for leave to bring in a Bill to amend the Registration Act, which would contain a clause to abolish the registration shilling. The remaining orders and notices being disposed of, the House adjourned at halt-past 12. HOUSE OF LORDS.—SATURDAY. The House met at threte o'clock. The Lord Chancellor, the Earl of Shaftesbury, and Lord Glenelg, took their seats as her Majesty's commissioners. The Commons were summoned, aud having appeared at the bar, the royal assent was given to the Canada Government Biii.-Adjourned. HOUSE OF COMMONS—SATURDAY. The Speaker took the chair at three o'clock. The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER moved the order of the day. Mr BERNAL brought up the report of the com- mittee of supply. The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER gave notice, that on Monday next he should move for a committee of ways and means. A message was then announced from the Lords, requesting the attendance of the Commons to hear the royal assent given to a certain Bill, The Speaker, accompanied by several Members, accordingly proceeded to the House of Lords; alid, 011 their return, The SPEAKER informed the House that the royal assent had been given to the Canada Government Bill. Mr E. J. STANLEY moved that a writ be issued for the return of a Member for Tipperary, in the place of Richard Lalor Sheil, Esq., who had been dppointed one of the Coin iiii, sioti ers of Greenwich Hospital. Lord H ENNIKER presented a petition from some union in Suffolk in favour of the Rating of Small Tenements Bill Sir W. SOMERVtLLE presented a petition from Droijheda against the monopoly of the Bank of Ireland. The House adjourned at half past three o'clock until Monday. .# HOUSE OF LORDS.—MONDAY. On the motion of Lord ELLRNBOROUGH, the Exchange of Lands in Common Fields Bill was read a second time. Lord BROUGHAM gave notice that, on Monday next, he should bring forward his motion regardr ing negro slavery, negro apprenticeship, Ac., and that he should move an address for the adoption of measures to alleviate their condition. As to accelerating the periods of the emancipation of the negroes, he should not then raise any question, although he had a very strong opinion on the sub- ject. His Lordship undertook, at the suggestion of Lord lillenborough, to submit the terms of his motion previously to the debate. The Marquis of LANSDOWNE moved the se- cond reading of the Presbyterians' Oaths (Ireland) Bill. Lord BROUGHAM opposed the Bill, declaring that it displayed gross ignorance of the law, and of who were Presbyterians. The order for the second reading, after some further conversation, was discharged.—Adjourned. HOUSE OF COMMONS.—MONDAY. Petitions were presented respecting "Sir J. Soane's Museum against the Poor Laws for the commutation of the sentence 011 the cotton spin- ners, &c. Mr WAKLEY soon afterwards called attention to the fact that the time for having "lights" had arrived, and that it was proposed to try the experi- ment of the new-mode of illumination by gas; but as some were for and othersagainst the experiment, he thought the opinion of the House ought to be taken-$Igaq v. wax." The SPEAKER accordingly put the question, and the ayes were loud in favour of the gas ex- hibition. The House was thereupon illumined by gas. [To make the effect of the experiment intelligible to those who have not witnessed it, we should explain that, in the alteration made under Dr. Reid, an inner ceiling was constructed several feet below the former one—the oentre being flat, and the sides (which sloped) being entirely of glass, the whole length of the House. Now, along those on the outside, between the two ceilings, and immediately above the glass sides, there are laid on each side three pipe's, running the whole length, and pierced at small distances to permit jets of gas to issue. When these were lighted the effect was novel and really beautiful-the light, mellowed by passing through the ground glass, was yet almost equal to the light of day, The effect appeared to give great satisfaction to the Members.] Sir W. MOLESWORTH gave notice that on March 6. he should move an address declaratory of "want of confidence in the colonial secietary, Lord Glenelg." Lord J. RUSSELL moved that the House resolve into Committee on the Poor Relief (Ireland) Bill. Sir E. SUGDEN entered into a detailed examin- ation of the Bill. There were many parts of the Bill which lie entirely objected to. In the first place, as it gave no right to the poor. man, he should object to any liability being thrown upon him that he was not subject to by law at present. He doubted very much whether the Bill would sup- press vagrancy; on the oontrary, he thought it would have a tendency to encourage it. As regard- ed mendicancy, he could not think that the clauses of the Bill could have a tendenoy to absorb that He did not think that mendicancy could b' struck at by this Bill. Must a man who was industrious, and who supported his family by his labour when- ever he could obtain employment, be punished as a mendicant (hear, hear). It was impossible that the House would pass a law for inflicting penal- ties upon a man so circumstanced, for doing that which was not morally wrong. There was a olause relating to the conduct of persons towards their families, to which he begged to called the earnest attention of the House. But first he would go to the 49th ciatise, %vhielk referred to the liabilities of married women. It provided that a married woman should be compelled to maintain her own children and the children of her husband. Now, was it possible that they could throw upon a married woman the burthen of maintaining her husband's children by his former wives? (hear, hear), There was another clause making it penal for any person to desert an infant under the age of seven years. This provision would go to this extent, that it any person had the onsual custody of a child under seven years, not as a parent, but as a nurse, and deserted the child, she might be punished by im. pi-isoninenl or hard labour for three months. But no nurse would desert a child if she received the money for it; and it was only when not paid for it that the desertion took place. On tho whole, the Hon. and Learned Gentleman sOlid he would sup- port the Bill-not in its details, because he should vote against several of its provisions; but with all its imperfections he could not propose a better measure. Lord Howick replied. The SPEAKER was about to propose the question, when SirF. BURDETT rose and said that he wished before the question was put to express his strong feelings of opposition to the measure. tie thought it was not maintainable in principle; that many of its clauscs were most objectionable; and he was persuaded it never would be carried into effect. It might be said, "Why object to the Bill in this slae, since the clauses may be altered in Com- mittee?" Certainly, from the examples which they had had of other Bills that had gone out of this House in so totally different a shape from that in which they had come into it, they might fairly ex. pect that this Bill would undergo many modifications before it got through the Committee. But he ob- jected to the Bill altogether. Mr Barron supported, and Sir W. Brabazon op- posed the Bill. MrC. A WALKER, a an Irish landloid, thanked Ministers fol- the init-odticiion of this liiii- He was sorry that more Irish landlords had not expressed their approbation of the measure, on which he trusted that the House would at once go into Com- mittee. The motion having been put and agreed to, the Speaker lelt the chair, and the House resolved itself ilito Co,till'ittee-,N,lr Bernal chairman. On clause one being proposed, Mr SHAW said that the Bill, as it then stood, provided that the poor-law commissioners for the time being acting under the English Bill shour carry into eRect the provisions of the Irish measure. He doubted whether they would be able to devote suffi- cient time to the subject to perform well these addi- tional duties. Lord J. RUSSELL stated that one of the Poor Law Commissioners for England would reside in Dublin. After some discussion on the point, whether the English Poor Law Commissioners should act in Ireland, Mr O'CONNELL said that he thought that an amendment which he would propose would embody t he objection which he had to that portion of the Bill referriug to the Commissioners. He would move that in the clause enacting, il That the Poor Law Commissioners for the time being should be the Commissioners to carry this Act into execution," the words of the Bill should run ihusj — "That the Poor Law Commissioners for Is-eland for the time being should be the Commissioners to carry this Act into execution." Mr LITTON was of opinion that the amendment of the Hon. and Learned Member went to the prillo ciple as well as to the frame of the Bill. It was agreed by all that there should be an English Board of Commissioners, and that one should reside in Dublin, and he really thought that as much as could at present be expected. After a few observations from Mr W. S. O'BRIEN the House divided, when there were— For the clause 117 For Mr O'Connell's amendment 23 Majority 94 Mr GOULBURN objected to that part of the clause allowing the commissioners to call for papers on oath. Mr O'CONNELL slid not think that there was any objeclionable power, as the desire of conceal- ment was an evident intention of fraud. Sir E. SUDGEN said that the object of the clause was to give the commissioners an inquisitorial power, and also a cdnti-ol over the property of hospitals and charitable institutions. After a few words from Mr BAINES, the clause was agreed to, Upon the twelfth clause being read, a provision which leaves it at the option of parties examined by the commissioners whether they shall be ex- amined on their oath or on their declaration, Mr SHAW objected to this provision as a very material departure from the English measure, which left it optional with the commissioners either to take evidence on the oath or on the deciaration of the parties, Lord MORPETH defended the clause. Mr O'CONNELL said, that in order to raise the question, he should move as an amendment the omission of those words in the clause which allowed of evidence being taken on oath (hear, hear.) The clause would then only admit of evidence being taken on declaration (hear, hear.) Sir R. PEEL said he entirely objected to a prin- ciple of such great importance beiug decided by a clause in an Irish Poor Law Bill (hear, hear.) The effect of the amendment would be to make our Legislation more piebald even than it was already (hear, hear.) There was one rule lor the validity of evidence in courts of justice; why was there to bp another for these courts of commissioners (taear) ? This was not to be a question which should be set- tled by a side-wind, its high importance required that when settled it should be by a general measure. The principle of the present clause was quite a novel one, and he decidedly objeoted to it. After some further discussion, in which Lord Sandon, Mr Serjeant Jackson, Mr Litton, and other Hon. Gentlemen took part, the House divided when there uppeared- For the amendment 77 I Against it 148 Majority for the clause. 71 On our return to the gallery we found that the clause, with some verbal amendments, had been agreed to. On the 13th clause being proposed, which enacts that anv person who should refuse or wilfully neg- lect to attend in obedience to any summons of the commissioners, should be deemed guilty of a mis- demeanour, I After a few words from the Attorney-General, Mr Maule, MrS. O'Brien, Mr Shaw, and Mr O'Con- nell, the clause was agreed to without any alter- ation, as was also the 14th clause. On the 15th clause, which provides for the formation of unions, being proposed, Mr S. O'BRIEN thought some limit ought to be placed on the power of the Commissioners. Lord HOWICK thought the commissioners ought to be allowed to exeroise their own dis- cretion. Mr GORING said that in the first English act it was provided that no parish should be included in a union which was distant more than ten miles from the union workhouse, and that provision was found to work well. It had, nevertheless, been omitted from the amended act. He should wish to place some specific restrictions on the sizo of the unions, and in order to do so he would move as an amend- ment, "That no parish should be included in a union Hit were more titan eight Irish miles distant from the union workhouse Sir R. PEEL said he was of opinion that it would be most unwise to oontlne the powers of the com- missioners within too narrow limits. If the unions that were at first established were found to work well, nothing would be more easy than to extend them. He considered it an objectionable provision that in every instance the workhouses should be erected in the immediate vicinity of populous towns. After some further conversation in which Mr O'Connell joined, the amendment was withdrawn, and the 15th dausj was agreed to. On the motion of Lord MORPETH, the House then resumed, the Chairman reported progress, and obtained leave to sit again on Friday. COMMITTEE OF WAYS AND MEANS. The House then resolved itself into a Committee of Ways and Means. On the motion o" the CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER, two resolutions were agreed to for granting to her Majesty, towards raising the sup- plies of the year, hxchequer bills, by the one reso- lution to the amount ot £ 2,000,000, by the other to the amount ot £ 11,426,000. The House having resumed, the report was or- dared to be received to-morrow. The other orders of the day were then disposed of, and at 12 o'clock the House adjourned. (For continuation of Parliament see our second page.)



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