BRECON, Saturday, Feb. 10, IS;!S. Ii- The (,luadirly Review, just published, has a smashing article 011 Cnnada. After the bitter- ness of Lord Hrougham, the scornful contempt of Sir Robert set,crity of Lord Aberdeen, and the patient forbearance of the Duke of Wellington, condescending to enlighten and instruct rather than to exult; if the .Melbourne Cabinet had a. particle of vir- tuous shame remaining, they would retire from employment for which daily experience shows them to be utterly incoinpeteiif. But they are determined to linger in office, for the sweets of office—and were it not that the national interests are deeply endangered by their retention of place, we might be well content that they should do so. We ntight lie well content that Whig rapacity, Whig folly, and Whig incapacity, should be made fully manifest; that something more than a fair trial" should be given, in order that the seal should be fixed to their future return that the measure of national disgust should be full, and that the triumph of a Conservative Administration, displaced by the foulest arts and the basest intrigues, should want nothing of completeness on its restoration to power. Of the Canada question, the Quarterly Rtx>ien thus writes We are not now about to discuss the details of the Canadian question as between this country and the Colony, but as between this country and the Ministry, which, by its characteristic and systematic alternation of advance and retreat, of bluster and sneaking, has been the main cause, beyond all other causes of this deplorable rebellion, Lord John RusseU made, on the 16th January, a. long speech (six columns of the Ttmts J on the subject of Callflda-one of the most uustatesnianlike, narrow-minded, and inconsistent expositions and exposures we have ever read from a British Minister; a speech which, affecting a certain historical tone, details every possible cause of the difference between the parties- except tilerealotic; and elaboralely examines every point of the case—except that OH which the whole turns. That real cause is neither more nor less than the determination of I the House of Jlssembly of Lower Canada to ihrow -w offlhe BRITISH AUTHORITY, a7id lo erect the pro. vince into an INDEPKNDENT REPUBLIC, afler the manner and model of the UITED STATES. "That such would probably have been the result-of a. successful rebellion, whatever were its cause, any one might guess; hut in the pre- sent case C tbe wish was father to the thought,' and the real gi ievance of the Canadians, and the real source of their dissatisfaction may be told in one word—the Monarchial Sovereignty °f England. To throw off this—the lightest yoke and the easiest burthen that ever Colony bore — is the sole pnnciple of the Canadian "revolt, and they are egregiously mistaken who attribute it to minor causes■" In allusion to Lord Glenelg's praise of the Duke of Wellington, the Review says :— When, even in the most awful national calamities, did any Whig deserve from a Tory Administration such a tribute as is here paid to the patriotism, the magnanimity of the Duke of Wellington? When could it be said that it is to the leaders of the opposition in both Houses that the Ministry owe the power of carrying on the Government even for a week, or can entertain any hope of their own extrication from a culpable and personally embarrassing di- lemma? His quondam colleagues in repelling the attacks of Lord Brougham seemed to forget that he did no more than they had always done, and would at this hour have done again, had the Tories been in power, and they in opposition, and that they applauded in the Duke of Wellington a nobleness of conduct of which they themselves had, during their long political life, given no example, and which they, in truth, would have been incapable of appreciating, if if had not happened to come so opportunely to their personal rescue. Lord Brougham's speech was full of what in any other man's mouth would have been truth and justice, but from a prize- fighter of his class,—from one who, as Lord High Chancellor—the keeper of the King's conscience, atul the first guardian of the law—was resron- sible even above his colleagues for the culpable neglect, evasio: S juggle with which Cana- dian affalts were conducted from 1831 to 1835-his clever, amusing, and in many points undeniable statements, can have no other effect than to convince the public that it is fortunate that he is no longer a Minister, and that it would be equally desirable that his old asso- ciates should become, as soon as possible, com- panions of his official exile." The article thus concludes;— "Can there be any reasonable doubt that in- flammatory advice from England, accredited amongst an ignorant and credulous people by the supineness of the Government at home, has encouraged the Papineau faction' in the ascending steps of their audacity, 'till it burst out into the violence of actual insurrection, and could only be extinguished, if extinguished it has been, by the necessary but terrible chastise- ment of blood and fire. We ask again, whose consciences ought that fire and blood to blister? It cannot give the Ministry and their associates greater pleasure than it will to liS, zealous of the honour of our country and our Queen, if further discussion shall be more successful than their advocates have hitherto been in fixing all, or even the greater part of the guilt, on Papineau and Mackenzie! cc We have exhausted our limits, but not this painful and disgraceful subject—painful to every one—disgraceful to the ministry, and even we fear in the eyes of the world—to the country itself which can submit to be endan- gered and degraded by a Cabinet whose medio- crity and perversity of intellect would be hardly trust-worthy for the petty duties of one of their own town councils, whose policy is a vibration between seifish apathy and splenetic rashness, and who seem as he. their old colleague, who knows them best, told them the other night, the most perfect and practical illustration of the Swedish statesman's melancholy view of the 'small quantity of wisdom or talents by which mankind will occasionally submit to be go- verned.' n n
MELANCHOLLY EVENT.—On Thursday night as Mr George Woods, the h&ad keeper of Lord Jersey, at Middleton, Oxon, was rabbit shootin- he had the misfortune to kill bis son, Lord Jcrsev's keeeper for Somerton Manor. A rabbit was running down the riding in the wood, when young Woods in- considerately crossed the riding and received the whole charge of his father's gun in the small of his back. I tie poor young man lived scarcelv two hours spent praying mercy for himself and in the earnest dellvour to comfort his father. The father, who is a most respectable man, remains inconsolable. THE INTERMENT OF THE LATE EAHL OF ELDOV -The interment of the late Noble and Learned Earl took place on Friday last, at the burial ground of Kingston Chapel, near Encombe, adjoining the thP H^nnwTrS lhu la'e Coontess of Eldon and the Hon. William Henry Scott. Upwards of 2 OOt) persons of the highest respectability were present to witness the solemn ceremony. THE LATE EARL OF WILL On Fri day weeTi the will of the late Earl of Eldou was read before the present Earl, John Stanley Rppton, Esq., the Rev. Edward Baukes, and such of his Lordship's domestics as were legatees. The provisions of the will are to the following effect:—To his eldest daughter, the Lady Elizabeth Repton, he has gtveu a life interest in £4,000 per annum; to Ladv Frances Bankes, for her life, £4,GOJ a vear to his Lordship's grandsons, the childreu of Mr Bankes and Mr Repton, £10,000 each, and each to the grand-daughters. To his butler he has iriven £ 100 a year for life £ >50 each to all the servants numhpVef w''h his Lordship above a certain in his ^ear% 8nd £ 2:\ to em-y other domestic 4ic has leftV iif'' tlieres,due his vast property m.i,.d"^r,0fih;prre:,t of Eldon'™'h- in succession in the w* CJllldre" o! hls daughters three daughters) not if"' 0 his LordshiP (wh-> has the Ear' the power of mX ,ssu^ bu ;i'.g ments on the female children. ft,aS"lfice,,t After the death of the Countess of Eldon his Lordships establishment underwent a com' P change in all the domestic arra'.oe" ments, the strictest economy, which hr>d beeJ previously practi-ed, giving way to a liberality witnessed in very few houses of the nobility. On Mlchaelmas-da.y, and his Lord- inv?<! ,lhda-v' 'he uPPer servants were told to his hon J"! °W8 fr'ends a;)(j the tradesmen serving in the dininl Sp'e,ld^ 8l'pper, which was served ng-roam at halfpast eig-ht o'clock At in^hVsame st^l'^ °'^ Was friends and h r" 1" werp ^or a Par,y of his own winea should H ^Q, dsI^ desi'^d ^A« his choicest ines should be freely used. On these occasion* veneiabe nobleman would retire to hi* room and refrain from calling on his' d h'm ,on a°y account. To those tradesmen whose rank made them object to m»et Uesmen at the same table the Earl gave n ;ervanu one of the fashionable taverns -'I'' V' givingthem permission to invi-e a V a' Encombe House every pe-un f eauc'\ A.1 ness be «in, • I Per"°n calling, let his busi- luncheon a ri Wa<5 °^ered a substantial according to his station U"deI scrva»t« also had their treats, invited"t(h,SIStr ballsanJ suppers, lo which they (LI fnend9- So Phased did his Lordship icei at the happiness of those about him, that he often told his servants to invite his tradesmen and their friends at other times than the general days aoove named. When it was mentioned to Lord Eldon at each birth of his grandson's children that they were girls, he nsed to laugh very heartily, and say" Never mind, there is time enough for a boy to come." —Sundiy Paper.
BIRTHS. On Thursday last, at Britou Ferry, near Neath, Mrs John Jones of a son, r Jahu3n' XhC lad^°f the ReV* Sam^l Phillips, of Fairy H<11, Gower, of a daughter.- Jan. 30th, at Cilgwyn, Carmarthenshire, the lady of Major Gwynne Holford, of a daughter. MARRIED. At Clifton, T. F. Gape, Esq.,of St. Albans, to Fannv Louisa, eldest daughter of the late Admiral Wolley Qn Wednesday, the 7th instant, at Llansnvthid Church, Breconshire, Mr John Duncan, of Brecon Druggist, to Elizabeth, the eldest daughter ,,f \? William Robinson, of Waltham Green, London wl™ merchant, DIED. Lately, at Calcutta, Sir Benianii'i ATiU 1 ™ r Justice of Prince Edward's Island Ton of B H M U Esq., L.L.D., of Cowbridge. H" Malkln» At Philadelphia, on the 26th nf 1 cc 1 Austin, Esq., formerly of Demerara a /°^n Council of that Colonv F a member of tae his life he had dispensed'a W & COmiderabl,e PaLrt °f income in feeding the humrrv proportion of a liberal in comforting sick and n a cl.othJ.nB ,the naked' tresses of the unfortunate^ y' rel,eving the dis" Solkkor? 23' BulUh> aSed 42, Mr Hugh P. Powell, ,January 29th. at Llangnttock, near Usk, Mrs Osborne, wldow oflate Lewis Osborne, Esq. banker, Abergavenny. On Januarv 29th, Henry Andrews, Esq., of West- cros, near Swansea, formerly a Captain in the 24th regiment. J r February 8th, at the Vicarage, Bassallog, Monmouth- shire, within a few days of the completion c-f the 80th year of his age, and "the 56th of his incumbency-, the Rev. Thomas Leyson, M.A. Jan 23, at Alderbrook Hal], Cardiganshire, in tho 93d year of his age, John Lloyd Williams, Esq., Deputy- Lieutenant and Magistrate for thexounties of Cardiiran and Carmarthen, F.R.S., &c, &c. ^ujgaa Lately, the Countess of Stamford. Jan 20, aged 21, Lieut. Charles F. Nicolav. of the 99th Regiment, youngest son of Lieut. Gen. Sir Wm Nicolay, Governor, of Mauritius. This promising young officer was one of the unfortunate passengers in the Killarne}' steam-vessel, which was wrecked off Cork Harbour. On Monday last, after a short illness universally regretted by his numerous family, relatives and friends, Jenkin David, aged 81, manv ears residing at Ynis- ygerwn, and latterly at Cwmavon Tin works, a truly honest industrious and inoffensive man.
The Radicals made their "ollslaught" on the \1 Bill on Monday evening, and but for I protectillgshield of Conservatism, the Whigs Ud have been demolished in the foray. The ^isterial Bill, with the double dealing that t longs to all their acts of legislation, embraced elf* °')jec,s totally distinct, and which an in- j. ectual attempt was made to separate. The I portion of the Bill was to relieve Freemen u °se franchises, having been preserved to them y tK ° 1 to Conservatives, may be fairly presumed jj 'lave a Conservative bias) from the Stamp y on their admission. The second portion relieve ten pound householders from the ^ee*sity of having paid any poor's rates or taxes, except such as shall have become T frtrni them previously to the 11th of in the preceding year. The junction ese purposes in one l>ill was for a purpose jj as becomes a "shabby Ministry," viz—if ^■°h8ervatives objected to the part which c^0r,er:ited the ten pounders, principally Radi- ) ^r°m the payment of taxes for a year, the C let to the Freemen, who are supposed to be would not be conceded. Lord Russell refused to divide the Siaw.esed, ^tl»ey were discussed together. r T. Duncombe, with an abhorrence of pay- Perfectly natural, endeavoured to liberate "e < J a, t:n pounder from any tax or rate whatever affectiUg his right to vote, deeming neither Nrty nor respectability as having any atjjU^'ar claim to the elective franchise. In this ^ent he was supported by 106 Radicals, j^i ^ut for the aid of the Conservatives, who <>Ut 'iave Whigs and Radicals to fight ,l'leir Reform battle by themselves, the Wou^ l,ave ^ee" a minority. OK ^°l,st!rvative tactics do not lie in factions PpOait' to y u'on, nor in the abandonment of Ministers t}j tender mercies of their Radical friends; Can»e to the rescue—forgot party feelings duty to the country, arrested the first Universal Suffrage, and plced the ^Or Cabinet in a position of easy victory. conservation of a law wliich he had Sir Edward Stigden was sneered at by lre|°UWe!l, who charged the Ex-cluucellor oi V holding the doctrine, that even a Was to be conserved. Sir E- Stigden, ■t j>f(J °ut placing the duty quite so high, tvas • to maintain that obedience to laws Conservatire duty. This was a hard b. UPOII a gentleman whose political life has ^'Ht 8^e"* 'n 'he dexterous evasion of ail laws Ititi ,nterfered with his schemes. He felt it, J To**9 peevish. "'0 tl1 ref°rmsof Mr T. Duncombe, and such nia^ we" aPP'y "Ie wor(^s l°ca'l'st0r'an> Quit? alii scelera, Hie remedia fqi!ed The &reat and fiuaI measure" has ^Ve w a°9wer the purpose of its contrivers i- '^en be surprised to learn that it *liore j^PP^ted the expectations of its still thejr a(^'cal supporters; and in proportion to ecaying influence they seek to strengthen feopuj at,c power and suggest new forms of ,leale(^r _e*citement. They see with ilUcon- ^1(1, (hUisfnay, ere the Reform Bill is five years elt\ prepouderante of a party which they &ef8u ed extinguished ^l>r ever, and we are ^dtHi t.e^ l')at in tile vellt of a Conservative every measure of which Lord I ^al|U88e^ "0W affocts an abhorrence, from ^'Pose01 ^t"versa^ Suffrage, would, for the ,°^ Action, have the benefit of his ,^ed °P"ons, and ultimately gf his unquali- every cbiii.^e with his old do^g' 'le Prefers anarchy to despotism. i's'"ter n°^ ^eserve a particle of that generous' j ^eha^e^ness a'm°st nightly exercised, in I ^0r<l j Conservatism is strong, and can ^tr*otic° Serierou8 — it is consistent and it c aU(* ne'tber seeks base alliances, nor )' descend to factious confederacies. 1
alit o rgcd. izZ"O"ti tkr*r. 01 CLAIIO.'JGAXSHJRE AND MONAFOUTHSHLRE I.NFfftMArtT AND AltY, OA!!DII'K. Abstract of House Surgeon's Report to the Weekly Board, from Feb. Ist to 7th, 1838, inclusive. iy-noon, PATIENTS. Rcm iincd by Inst Report. 3 Admitted since. 2 5 Discharged.—Cured and Relieve:! 3 For Irregularity, or at their own Desire 0 — 3 Remaining 2 OUT-IIOOK PATIENTS. Remained by last Report 81 Admitted since. 19 -100 Discharged.—Cured and Relieved 7 For Irregularity, or at their own Desire 3 — 9 Remaining. 91 Medical Officers for the Week. Physician Dr Moore; Surgeon — Mr Lewis; Visitors—Rev. II L. Bloss, and Mr D. Evans. THOMAS JACOB, House Surgeon. ####'1""1"" On Tuesday last, Mr and Lady Charlotte Talbot, and Mr Vivian and family, passed through Cardiff, on their way to London. Afnong other valuable lives which-have fallen victims to the rebels of Upper Canada, we are sorry to record that of Colonel Moodie. This veteran officer was married to a sister of Mrs Jones, of Heath- field, Swansea. COMMUTED TO CARDIFF GAOL AD HOUSE OF COKIIECTION,—Feb. 8tli, 1838',— James Lilly, by H. Morgan, ami C. C. \Vi!li;uns, Esqrs., for unlaw- fully assaulting Elizabeth James, of Cardiff.Two calendar montns, or pay 1:5 penalty, and costs. PlUSONERS CoXF/.VED I.V HE!l MAJESTY'S GAOL AT CARDIFF.'—9th Feb. 1S3S—Prisoners for trial, 6; convicted at Assizes and Session, IH; summary con- victions, 8; debtors, 19,-Toal, 49. Ilowel Gwyn, Esq., of Raglan House, in this county, has been appointed Hig-h Sheriff for Carmar- thenshire, for the ensuing year. The departure of the frost is matter for public con- gratulation. The interruption to business, the ina- bility of many of the labourers to pursue their ordinary occupations, by which much distress was occasioned to their families, to say nothing of the effects of the weather on the sick and aged poor, have rendered the return of milder skies a general blessing. It may be mentioned, to the honour of almost every town in England and Wales, that the subscriptions for the relief of the suffering poor were more than usually liberal, whilst amongst the higher classes of the nobility and gentry, the annual distribution of meat, clothes and fuel, among the indigent who im- mediately surround them, exceeded, if possible, all former beneficence. "Happy the people that are in such a case," and well would it be if the poorer classes would learn to -distinguish and to remember who arc their real friends and bcnefactor" D uW A FUOB DAIONI, GOD AND ALL GOOD- NESS. The Chair of Glamorgan. We are requested to state that the second Anniversary of the above Society, will be held on St. David's Day, March 1, 1838. President-The Rev. Dr. Williams, of the Free School. The Society will meet at the house of Mrs Howe, Mason's Arms, Cowbridge, at 10 o'clock in the torenoon, thence to proceed to the. Church at II o'clock; (the service will be in Welsh, and the sermon by the Rev. Dd. Morgan, Vicat- of Lancarvan, in the same Language), after which the members will proceed to the Town Hall, where bards and others will aidress the assembly in the English and Welsh Languages, and where prizes will be awarded for the best Welsh compositions on given subjects. The first marriage since the licence was granted was solemnized in Dowlais Chapel, on Monday, the 29ih uit., oil which occasion the ft-es were very hand- somely remitted by the minister. Some foolish and malignant person attempted to impose upon us by a statement of sundry marriages having been celebrated at this chapel last week. Nothing could be more clumsy than the wit —nothing more ignorant and vulgar than the style of the communication. MELANCHOLY EVENT IV THE FOUEST OF DEAV. —An accident, attended with the loss of four lives, occurred on Saturday se'nnight in the Forest. The only particulars whic;1 have reached us are that four colliers were descending into a coal pit, belonging to Mr Rennet, when the rope broke and the unfortunate men were dashed to the bottom, and, we believe, all killed on spot. The colliery, we understand, is called the Regulator pit. The Gloucester Journal gives the following account of this melancholy occurrence On Saturday morning last a terrible catastrophe occurred at a coal pit in the forest of Dean, called the -1 Regulator Pit, by which four unfortunate men were almost instantaneously hurried into eternity. They were descending the above pit about six o'clock in the morning, and having gone down a few yards, the rope suddenly broke, (as it is supposed from a sudden jerk caused by its slipping, owing to the frost,) and they were precipitated with awful rapidity to the bottom of the pit, a perpendicular distance of about 70 yards. Some persons went down to their assis- tance as soon as possible, when three of them were found quite dead, and the fourth in a state of insensi- bility, in which condition he remained about half an hour, when (ittttil put an end to his sufferings. We beg particularly (for reasons which will there appear) to invite the attention of Licensed Medicine Ve lers and others," to an Advertisement, under that title, which will be found in another column of our Paper. NEW INVENTF.D STF.AM-ENOIXE. — At the British Alkali Works, Stoke Prior, near Bromsgrove, a steam engine has been invented by a labouring me- chanic, and is daily in full operation, which will cer- tainly supersede every other now in use, and that, too, in a very short period of time, as thesimplicify of its construction, the smallness of its size, and the almost nothingness of its cost, will necessarily bring it speedily intir notice among all person^ whose business may require the aid of so useful an auxiliary. Its size is not more than twice that of a man s hat, and the expense of a five-horse power will lot exceed in cost half a score pounds. Its form is:cylindrical, being about eighteen inches in diameter, and twenty- two deep. The steam is admitted through a hole in a hollow eireuhif belt (attached to a wall,) upon which it revolves, and works it by a diagonal action, against an upright piston, being forced bup by pres-" sure of a diagonal platej which divider tlj<j interior V t(. into two portions. The rotir.. beautifully managed by means of a perfeetlyspherical steam- tight joint, at the end of a fixed inclined arm, towards which joint the upper and ldwer surfaces of the in- terior part of the cylinder are made to slope, after tho form of the exterior of an hour-glass. Upon these the diagonal plate performs its revolutions, such move- ment being permitted through an opening (from the circumference to the centre,) equal in width to the thickness of the. before named upright piston, up and down the sides of which it continually works. To tho centre of the bottom of the cylinder is fixed a shaft, having attached to it a wheel which communi- cates the motion that may be required; and this is all the machinery of which it consists When, there- fore, we consider the saving of weight of metal, size, and expense, which will necessarily be gained by its adoption, and look at the incalculable advantages which such desiderata afford to steam navigation, our scientific friends will not consider us too bold in asserting that this invention will speedily revolutiollisc the whole systfin in this department of mechanics. Patents have been procured from every European government, and from the American; and no secret is made at tho Works in showing it to the public, either in action or in separate pieces, and in a model which is kept for the purpose.—Mining Journal. A writer in the Morning Herald suggests the following remedy to be app'ied to those who iti4y appear to have been suffocated by the fumes ot charcoal, or by foul aii,Iinittediately file person who is supposed Ij.) be dead is discovered, Ih.lt several pails of cold water eho»ld be thrown over his naked body, and continued for sollip r,)I)sidera- ble tima. If an immediate supply of water cannot be obtained, then the person's feet and lianas should be heated with a flat piece of wood, or, in the absence of wood, with the liand-i indeed, I should recommend this should be done iinmediate'y the person is discovered, and even wiwre water is plentiful. Of course, care must be taken to watoli for the least sign of returning animation. This remedy may also be safely resorted to in the cases of suffocation by any other noxious vapour, gene- rally knowp as. foul air, '1:Í'¡;2 MERTHYR. Mr D/ivid Morgan has been appointed Actuary to the Merthyr and Dowlais Savings' Bank. Weare glad to hear that deposits increase in number and amount, and that the workmen begin to understand the nature and the value of such institutions. #"r' MERTHYR POLICE. [Before WM. THOMAS, Esq.j Fgn. 8.—Thomas Clarke was committed for trial at the ensuing Assizes charged with stealing a large quantity of candles and various tools, the property of several miners working in the Drift level of Cyfarthfa. This incorrigible thief had only been released from Cardiff Gtiol the week before, where he has undergone long periods of imprisonment upon two occasions for similar malpractices. In the present instance lie en- tered the li-ve! in question on the night of Monday last, and rummaging every stall therein, succeeded in carry- ing awav all the candles that had been left there by the workmen. Fortunately for those upon whom suspicion had unjustly fallen, the prisoner was traced to Dowlais, where he had disposed of the candles and tools at three different beer-houses. The distance tra- versed by the prisoner, from the mouth of the level to the stalls, was upwards of one thousand yards. [Before WM. TnoIAS AND ROWLAND FOTIIEROILL, Esquires ] Fcb. 9.—John Ardem and Richard Thomas Jones were filled ]5. each and losts, for trcspassiug 011 thc land of thc Penyarran Iron Company. Joseph Richards, of the Rhymney [ran Works, was fined Is. and costs, for an assault upon John Ladgh. Benjamin Williams, of Pontstorehouso, was con- victed in the penalty of 40s. and costs, for assaulting his mother, and in default of payment, was commit- ted to Cardiff Gaol for one calendar month. This fellow has been in the habit of ill-treating his aged mother, for refusing to give him the small pittance she receives from the parish of Mprthyr for her sup- port. William Morgan, of tho parish of Llanvabon, was ordered to pay two shillings a week towards the maintenance of the illegitimate child of his wife. Orders were made for the removal, from the parish of Merthvr, of David Thomas and family, to Langad- ock, and of William Knight and family to Newnhain, Gloucestershire. "#r,.r' To THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE & GUARDIAN. SIR,—Sir Vt alter Scott has asserted, and apparently with a gravity that forniJs the thought of a jest, that the words Derry down" whidl are now frequently used as the chorus of a comic son- are as old as the Druids, and formed the chorus of their hymns, when these venerable persons weut to the woods to gather the misseltoe. Can any of your readers, and I would more particularly appeal to Ab Iolo," throw more light upon ,this subject ? I cannot but consider the as- sertion of Sir Walter, a hasty one—nor can I, hy re- peated enquiries and diligent search, obtain .a glimmer- ing of information upon the point. Your obedient servant", #Oo.#O.#O.#O.#O.#O.#O.#O 0 TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE & GUARDIAN. o I reply to Algol," that a steam,raised from water, contains a large amount of latent heat, its'sensi- ble heat not having increased by change of state, it is fair to argue, the latent heat contributes to its expansion its sensible heat is the same as that of the denser body water.—Algol will notice I have invariably said, the latent heat" con'ribuies," not that it is the sole agent. Aain, I have not asserted that any b,>dy can ab- sorb heat, (that, is render it latent) otherwise than by change of state," therefore, I am not justly called on to demonstrate this position. Algol having taken on himself the c<čnsorship, should be critically correct in hi own answers; bút, as petty cavilling will nQt forward the laudaUc.object for which the various scientific papers in your pages have been written, 1 abstain from any comments on his answer to a D." I do not wish to engross too large a share of your pages, otherwise 1 would now answer the query on the subject of Dew but, if nothing is given on the subject in your next paper, I will again trcspass on your at- tention. I have thc honor to remain, Your obedient servant, SIRIUS. Llanelly, Carmarthenshire, Cth February, 1833. <I" TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE & GUARDIAN. Silt,—I may congratulate you on having so talented and well-informed a correspondent as loan Pen Gwin, he appears versed in every sulJject hitherto submitted to him and I trust will often contribute his valuable aid in disscminatincY information. The walls in the Morea, he alludes to, most probably were built by the Phoceans the immense size of the stones identifies their structure with those in that pas- sage in Herodotus, showing ho v Arganthonius, King of Tartissus, gave the Phoccans money to build the walls of their city the extent of the walls and immense size of the stones testifying the liberality of the Monarch. This style of architecture (the Cyclopian) appears to have been adopted by this people; and, in the little island of Gozo, which lies contiguous to Malta, remains of similar walls and towers are found, the building of which is generally attributed to tho Phoceans. Pelasoi was a name frequently given to all the tribes of ancient Greece. I believe the phosphoresence of the sea is occasioned by a secretion voluntarily emitted by many of the mol- tuscx. I noticed that when any of the Medusa; was touched by an oar, it instantly gave out a light, previ- ously not visible. The water did not shine unless agi- tated, as by the breaking waves or a vessel passing through it: this secretion, most probably, is in a state of incipient decomposition. We see on a lis Ii recently caught, a phosphoric appearance and I must beg to differ from" loan Pen Gwin" in opinion that salt is a cause of this light; the herring brine he mentions was luminous from containing some of the fishes secretion, the salt contributing nothing to this effect. I was ex. ceedingly gratified by his paper on this subject, and hope he will give your readers as able a communication on the two theories of electricity—those of Franklin and Dufay. 1 sk, is there onC or two electric flllids, and the reasons for the answer ? From the advocate of one fluid I would feel obliged .for an explanation why. the rideuceaf both positive and negative: electricity is on the surface of bodies ? and why bpdies with similar electricities, either positive or negative, equally repel cach other. \ours, &c. SHilUS. I..lanclly. Carmarthenshire, 1st Feb,, 1833. | #t#f''# TEE-TOTALLISM. ro THE EDITOH 017 THE GAZETTE AD GU/VltDIAX. SIR, A Lady the other day, asked a ni e little girl this question My dear, are you a tce-totaller ?" Her reply was, "I was never given to drink. Ma'am, and therefore, I do not think it would be necessary for me to sign the pledge." What does this child prove ? that those who do sign the pledge, virtually acknowledge that they were once '-given to drink," such have now seen the error of their ways, and thus, by entering into this obligation, are to keep themselves free from the sin which too easily besets them. Isthisnotd.grading their high station as Christians, who afore time acted aecordtng to the rule of life taught by the Author of all Good. Let profligate drunkards become tee-totallers, for they have proved their want of reverence to the laws or t.od (tor they arc those who rise early to drink strong cirmk), but those that have obeyed the command tp 1)0 sober, can the reason assigned, viz. exam- ple, be sufficient for their (and these, men and women) I wearing badges, and declaring by a pledge signed that they were at least once inclined to love strong drink ? Could there not he al auii~lyijnj society formed ? If peo- ple would sign the plodgo" l>evef tp lies, such societies would go far in the of morality. These things, therefore, must not be put on religious grounds, for were there but halt a dozen more societies, finishing with a virtuous societyt (where they pledged themselves n.evt £ t0. atiy lhjng but what wa-s virtuous.} yhy, the Yorkshire supporters of tee-totallism would really be able to prove (in a way) that their system was per- fect, and that man was perfect, and that they of them- selves make and keep themselves perfect. What becomes then of these words, VVre are unprofitable ser- vants, and of every other word of the book from whence those words were taken.—I am. Sir, A lover of those who "let their moderation be known unto all meu.' A LinEnAL.—Mr Thomas Duncombe moved to
&tattwout!t«3;urc. dispense with tho payment of rates in the case of the, Noes 206 Ayes 107 On both these divisions the Radicals would have very considerably out-voted Ministers but for the aid of about 110 or l:¿O Conservative member, In the debate upon Mr Duncombe's motion, Mr Hall, mem- ber for Marylebone, made the following candid con- fession, which we submit to the best attention of all admirers of the freedom and respectability of the metropolitan elections:— Mr Hall had no doubt that if the Right Hon. Members referred to, were in the House, they wou!d vote against the amendment; they opposed the ex- tension of the franchise and liow they desired to cripple its exercise as much as possible. lie could. name three gentlemen, members of that House, whose sufficiency could not he doubted, whose names had been struck off the register of voters,in consequence of not having paid their rates. He thought this system placed the power of elections too much in the hands of overseers. There, were several parties who It his last election had said they would vote for him if they li could pay their rates, and llc had himself helped to pay their arrears. Tn Ilis opinion the lOt. franclJise should be carried out to its full extent, and he thought that there was no right to demand that a vote should be consequent on the payment of rates. He should, therefore, support the amendment of the Hon. Mem- ber for Finsbury." The foregoing is from the Times report; the Morn- ing Chronicle omits Mr Hall's acknowledgment of his rather dangero?tv liberal,ty-tlio omission, we have no doubt, is accidental, and our contemporary, we are; sure, will supply the deficient part of Mr Hall's speech in an erratum to-morrow.—Standard^ Since the foregoing was in type,-Mr Hall has ad- dressed tlle following letter- TO THE EDITOR OF THE TIMES. 2, St. James's place, Feb. 6. Sir, I am reported in your paper of this morning to have stated in the House of Commons, "that several parties at my last ejection had said they would vote for me if I would pay their rates, and that I had myself helped them to pay their arrears This is wholly incorrect: I made no allusion whatever to the late election. What I did say was to the effect, that in small boroughs, where parties were divided, the rate-paying clauses of the Reform Act, in addition to many other evils consequent upon them, placed the election too much in the hands of the overseers that candidates were frequently called upon to pay the voter's taxes for him and I had no hesitation in declaring, that some years ago, I had assisted in the payment of the rates and taxes of some persons occupying -10 houses, in order that they might he placed upon the register of electors. If any responsi- bility attaches to this avowal, I am quite ready to bear it. I have the honour to be, Sir, Your most obedient servant, B. HALL. "11- A meeting took place on Monday hisf, at the Lan- castrian School Room, Newport, for the purpose of petitioning the House of Commons for the voto by ballot. It was convened at an h:lUr calculated to ensure a full attendance, as the labouring class would have finished their daily work at seven o'clock. As far as respectability went there was a mere sprinkling. After the vote by ballot had been discussed, it was thought the wlJOic length might be run, and it was agreed that annual parliaments, universal suffrage, and no qualification, were, in the opinion of the meeting, essential for the good government of the country. Tin; poor Whigs met with as much abuse as if the 'Tories were in office. The petition founded on the foregoing opinions, was, as we understood, to be entrusted to the dry nursing of the Member for the Monmouth boroughs, who was requested to introduce the bantling to the House of Commons. MONMOUTHSIIIKE AND GLAMORGANSHIRE BANK- ING COMPANY.—This Company seems to keep pace with other prosperous establishments of the same nature. Shares which were issued at £2 10s. pre mium are now soiling at ^5 premium; a consider- able number having recently been disposed of at the iatter quot;itioti.-Ardrlin. The dispute between the Duke of Beaufort and Mr Horlock, relative to some covers hunted bv Mr ilorlock's hounds, and claimed-by his Grace, is likely to be amicably adjusted. Very numerous flights of wild swanshave visited the bailks of tlle Severn, and have been seen in largg flocks in this and the neighbouring cohnfy of Gla- morgan. Our wild-fowl sportsmen have succeeded in bringing down several of these magnificent strangers of the North. Their anital is a certain indication of the general severity of the season. TiticiiEiAK, 8th Fen.— Yesterday was the day ap- pointed for the petty sessions, to be held in the Town I i all, for the parish of Bed well ty &e. But in consequence of the dreadful state of the weather, and some of the Magistrates having many miles to come, we had no meeting. Indeed, had the day been favourable, there would have been but seven eases, two for assault, one for wages, and four for playing piteh-and-toss during the hours of divine service on Sunday. They will Le brought up on some future day. The Market, on Saturday, was very badly attended —butter and poultry scarce and dear-beef, 6d. and 61,1. mutton, 7d.; veal, 6kd. and 7j>; poj-k, 6J. d. That larg-c and spacious new building, replete with every convenience, well kuown by the sign of the Tredegar Arms, was brought to the hammer, and knocked down, by Mr Partridge of Newport, for the astonishingly low sum of « £ 1^700. The bargain has fallen to Mr llambly, draper, of Newport, and bro- ther-in-law of the late Mr Bees: so far it has been fortunate in falling again into the family, as the sacrifice would have been great having cost the deceased t3,500.
TITHE COMMUTATION ACT. PARISHES OR LLANDIN'C.AT AND LLAMFAIR.VHYBIIVN. At adjourned meetings held at tho Lamb Inn, in the town of Llandovery, on Tuesday last, in Llan- dingat parish on the motion of John Morgan, Esq., seconded by Mr George Goode. Mr D. R. Rees, was called to tho Chair. The ront charge ha v ing been agreed upon at the last meeting, the draft of the agreement was produced by Caarles Bishop, Hsq. the Solicitor, and approved of. Tenders were then received from the different surveyors, for survey- ing and apportioning the parish, when Mr David Beynon, whose tender for surveying, mapping, and .apportioning the parish, was SJ. per acre, and for rcdncllg all attested plans 2d. per acre, and also for r«ii»en"i!f • *° "ie Par'sh a parochial assessment, £ 1 being considerably lower than anv of his competitors, his terms were agreed to, and he was consequently appointed tgexccutc the specified duties. the meeting was ..then further adjourned to rucsdy, tlJe 3rd day of April next, for the purposo of signing the agreement, &c. Llanfairarybryn parish-On the motion of R. R. Williams, Esq., agent to the Right Honourable tue Larl Cawdor, who has an extensive pro- perty in the parish, seconded by John Morgan, Esq., D. Lloyd Harries, Esq., was called to the chair. the principal part of the proprietors, or their duly authorised agents, of theory large parish, attended the nwieting. J. Morgan, Esq., who qoiulupted the proceedings, produced the averages for the seven years, ending 1825, and the ininute3 taken at the last meeting. An offer was then made of £ 575 to Mr O.fioode, who attended as the agent of Major Hiqe, the lessee of the tithes, and the Rev, VV- Morgan, the Vicar of the said parish, which he declined accepting, but offered to talie the sum to which tbcpro- prietors objected. The meeting again, with the able assistance of R. B. Williams, Esq., entered upon the business, and ultimately agreed to offer the sum of £600 for the tithes of the who:e parish, which was accepted by Mr Obodc, on behalf of the Lessee and the Vicar, and by tr Williams, on behalf of Iarl Cawdor, who owns a third of the tithes of Rhandin Abbot, a hamlet in the parish. On the mo- D. LloJd Harries, Esq., seconded by R. B,. Williams, Esq. Mr George Goode was Unanimously appointed to apportion the r-6ut charge, and to procure the necessary survey and maps; and an agree- •f M'ci! entered hito with him to carry the same into effect. This meeting was also further adjoufped until the 3rd day of April next, to receive the plans and sign the agreement. <lØ#.######## The Rev. John Evans, Vicar of Criekbowell, ha been apointedby the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop o St. vuls, a Surrogate for the purpose of granting marriage licences, proving wills, and granting letters of administration. The inhabitants of Crickhowell have subscribed to the amount of about 15 tons of coal, for the poor of the place. Died on the 6th inst., at the Lodge, in the county of recon Harriot, youngest daughter of Honry Allen, 110 lmJ. for years adorned the doctrine of baviour," by her meek, consistent and unobtrusive walk and conduct, and by her diligent and affectionate discharge ofeverv relativo and social duty; and long will her loss be "deeply felt by those who best knew her genuine worth. r nISivfESS1NG '^BATH-~A young man of the name of D.Morgan, from the neighbourhood of Talgarth, laving been married only two months, ten. his wife the week before last, to commence working on the H s, a lew days afterwards, the mournful intelligence was conveyed to her of his death by au accident in the works, on Monday se'nnight. !:&I! An inquest was held on the 7th instant, at Llansilly ach, in the parish of Llanvigan, in the county of Brecon, before Lewis Watkins, Esq. coroner, upon view of the body of Mary Michael, aged two vears. It appears that the child's clothes accidentally took fire, and that she was burnt in so dreadful a manner as to cause her death. Verdict accordingly. It gives us great satisfaction to learn that a vigorous effort isabout to he made to get rid of Sunday Wakes, that offensive blot 011 our social system. A petition will shortly be presented to the Legislature to the effect that, as these feasts and wakes are an awful desecra- tion of the Lord's dav, as well as a fruitful source of immorality and obstruction to public business for some time afterwards, their extinction is highly de- arable. It has originated in Herefordshire, where these abuses arc extremely rife; and to the credit of the higher ranks of society there, it gives us pleasure to add, that, besides the "liveliest interest manifested by the excellent Bishop of the diocese in its success, the document is signed by the Dean of Hereford, the Reverend John enn, and the whole clergy; by the Deputy Lieutenant of the countv, the entire Magis- tracy, and the Mayor of Hereford; as also by a large number of tradesmen of the city, and a most numerous and respectable body of farmers in the neighbourhood. Petitions from Monmouth, Ross. Peterchurch, and other places, arc in a course of extensive signature and it is much to be desired, that parishes in all parts of England would follow this truly Christian and philanthropic example.— Watchman. HEREFORD CANDLEMAS FAIH.—The show of cattle at our annual fair, on Tuesday, was not so large as we have witnessed, owing to the severe and continued frost, but there was a considerable number, and the quality was excellent, exhibiting the finest specimens of our county breed. Oxen and steers were in demand, and maintained their prices tolerably well, consider- ing the destruction the frost has made amongst the turnips, the shortness of keep, and the accidents at- tendant on driving cattle considerable distances—all kinds went a shade lower than at our last October fair. Fat cattle averaged from 5d. to 5yd, per lb. and the primest only obtained the latter.^ The show of sheep was not large, and they sold from 6d. to 64d, per lb. Pigs went õd, to 5Jd. The horse fair contained few good animais, and such were soon disposed of-all kinds commanded fair prices.—Hereford Journal. SMALL Pox.— MOHTALITV AT WREXHAM. — The dreadful ravages which this virulent disease has latelv been committing in the western parts of England have nowhere been equal to those in the town of Wrexham, Denbighshire. In our small town," says the postmaster of the place, ''no less than 227 persons have, within the last two months, been carried off by the small pox, although 1 am happy to state that the late frost has been accessary in clearing it quite away. A short time back we had so dreadful a rage of sickness that about 40 funerals took place weekly, deaths caused alone by the small pox." It is to be hoped that these portions of Wales which have long been famous for their salubrity, will not be infested with this sccond Constantinopolitan plague.
SHERIFFS APPOINTED BY HER MAJESTY IN COUNCIL FOR THE YEAR. 1838. SOLTH WALES. Glamorgan3hire.-ash Vaughan Edwards Vaughan, of Lanelav, Esq. Breconshire,—James Duncan Thomson, of Sunny- bank, Esq. Carmarthenshire.—Ilowel Gwyn, of Blaensawddes Esq. Cardiganshire.—WilliamTilsley J oues, of G wynfryn, Esq. Pembrokeshire.—John Colby, of Fynone, Esq. Radnorshire.— Sir John Dutton Colt, of Llanyne, Bart: & NORTH WALES. Anglesey.—William Barton Pauton, of Garrcg- Iwyd, Esq. Carnarvonshire.—Sir Richard Bulkelcy Williams Bulkeley, of Plasynant, Bart. Denbighshire.—Samuel Sandbach, of Hafodunos Abergele, Esq. Flintshire.—Edward Morgan, of Golden-grove, Holywell, Esq. Merionethshire.—John Manners Kerr, of Piass Issa, Esq. Montgomeryshire,—Martin Williams, of Brongwyn, Esq. Monmouthshire.— John Jenkins, of Caerleon, Esq. Gloucestershire.—Edward Sampson, of Henbury, Esq. Her-fordshire.—Robert Biddulph Phillipps, of Longworth, Esq.
WRECK IS CARMARTHEN BAY.—As various I pieces of deck plank, bulwarks, &c. have been picked up on the shores in the neighbourhood of Tonby, it is evident that a large vessel has been totally lost in the bay during the last severe and tempestuous weather, and no doubt all on board met with a watery grave. It appears from the brokon fragments that were washed on sbcre this morning, that she was a new vessel, or one that had been lately repaired, and that she was called the Hero, that word is branded 011 some of the wreck. She was painted black out- side, and green inside the bulwark, and supposed to be a vessel from 330 to 400 tons.—CAriAarthcn Jour- nal. Loss OF THE KILLARNEY STEAMER. — We learn with sincere pleasure, that the Directors of the Bristol Steam-packet Company, at their board meet- ing last week, voted a donation of for the relief of the widows and orphans of the poor men who lost their lives in their employ. MUNIFICENT BEQUEST.—The late Rev. Wm. Rich irdson, for 53 years the revered Vicar of Saint John's, Chester, has bequeathed the very munificent sum of for the purpose of purchasing an Organ for that Church. The Royal Humane Society of London, at their last sitting, awarded Christopher Claxton, Esq., of Bristol, their honorary silver medal, for his humane exertions 111 recently saving the lives of two indivi- duals. FOREIGN- NOTES A\D BAD SOVEREIGNS.— Some exceedingly well executed £5, £ 10, and £20 Bank of England forged notes have been pushed into circulation during the past week in Birmingham. Tradesmen should scrupulously examine notes ten- dered to them by strangers. MELANCHOLY SHIPWRECK.—We regret to state that before rlaylillt on Thursday, the 25th ult., a vessel was discovered on shore bv Lieutenant Kiddle, R N., chief officer, and a party of the Coast Guard at Mevagissev, under the Chapel Point, between Goran Haven and Movagissey. Tho sea at the time was breaking over her, when, with great difficulty and at iimca personal risk, one of the Coast Guard men, named Patten, succeeded in getting on board, and remained there an hour and a half, and he, with the assistance of Lieutenant Kiddle, had the happiness to get the whole of the half-perished crew, sixteen in numfefrr, on shore. She proves to bo a French vessel, named L Endurance, of Havre, from St. Domingo to Havre, laden with mahogany, rosewood, &c. She remained on the spot where driven until half-past six o clock the same evening, when she weut to pieces. On the following morning, about a quarter past six o clock, a brig, the Brandywine Packet, Almond, laden with brandies, from Charente tQ Sunderland, struck on the Gwinges Rock, off Goran Haven, and in five minutes went to piocos. The cargo and the stern were soon dri ven ashore on the beach, where a legqlar scramble ensued, in consequence of the absenoe ^°as' Ruard, who were at the wreck of 1> Endurance however, they soon made their appear- ance, when order was restored, and the inhabitants commenced and persevered in rolling into safety the gi eater part of her cargo. Between 300 and 400 casks are now warehoused. The wind blew hard with occasional falls of snow. About H a.m., some one thought he saw human beings on the rock, which WR about a mile from shore; all eyes were directed to the spot, and they made out that a person was making signals. The first impulse was to launch a boat and save him, but the heavy surf presented a formidable barrier. When the boat was being prepared, the Fox revenue cutter, under the command of Lieut. Butt, R.N., hove in sight, and saw the wretched mariner. A boat was instantly lowered, and dispatched under the command of Mr Qrandy, mate of the Stork revenue cutter, who gallantly rescued the shipwrecked sea- man, although a tremendous sea was running at the time. Eight of his companions found a watery grave. The sailor says thathe was justcome on deck, (it was then a snow-storm,j^and was aft with the captain and mate, when he saw breakers a-head. They en- deavoured to wear her, but while in the act of doing so, she struck on the rock, and he was knocked by the collision from where he was standing to the fore part of the vessel, and was forced over her side. He, how- evor,regained the vesel which theu fell on her side. He fancied he saw a rock, upon which he leaped. Seven of his shipmates were drowned, almost instantly. He afterwards heard one of them call, and he answered, and found that a shipmate held a piece of the wreck which had been thrown on part of the rock. The poor feHow was several times knocked over by the surf—a heavy sea drove it from his grasp, but he caught hold of another spar. After more than an hour's struggle for life, a tremendous wave struck him, and he held up his hand and bade his companion farewell.— West Briton,
_,= FIRE AT THE NEW PHITlG OFFICE, OXFORD. Eaily on Saturday morning the inhabitants in the neighbourhood of ,he New University Printing- office were alarmed by the cry of "fire," and the ringing of the alarm-bell belonging to ibat estab- lishment. It was soon understood that the large press-room in the south uing of the was on fire, and an ea-erness which cannot be too much commended was displayed by the persons belong- ing to that establishment, who had been roused from their sleep by the cry, and by the neighbours generally, to render assistance. The abirm of-fire was first given by the superintendent of the Univer- sity IVice, who obsened a small but unusual light in the gi ound floor of the building, and very promptly and judiciously called up the porter to learn its cause. The overseers, who reside wiihin the walls were instantly upon the alert; the engine belonging to the establishment was immediately drawn out and though from the severity of the weather the pipes were found to be frozen, and consequently for a considerable time useless, (a circumstance which, if it could not have been remedied, must have proved fatal to the whole of that side of the building,) it was recollected that, in consequence of the use of machinery, a sufficient quantity of hot water could be immediately obtained from the large steam-boiler for the purpose of ihaw iug the engine. In the mean time, the powerful University fire engine and two others had arrived, and soon after 5 o'clock, there bein an abundance of water in the large tauk in the centre of the quadranle, the two priucipal en- gines were at work, and it was soon perceived that the progress of the fire, which had now reached the middle floor, was in some degree staved. In little more than three hours afterwards, great and praiseworthy exertions of the firemen, and the very judicious conduct of the persons who directed the eng.nes, the fire was extinguished, and this splendid Jg, f°r the safe'y of «b>ch a short time before scarcely a hope was entertained, was thus ..reserved from destruction. The fire was discovered about four in the morning, and it was at first confidently v believed that it was occasioned by over-beating in this severe weather, the hot-air stoves employed to. warm the several rooms in this establishment, but upon closer examination, much doubt is entertained as to the immediate cause; not the s'ightest suppo- sition of incendiarism is entertained. Wlieu so much was at stake, it is most satisfactory to be able to say that the loss, though considerable is by no means great; the buddin itself is not materially injured, and the whole was ampty insured. Inform- ation was immediately sent to the Phoenix and other offices, and it is gratifying to have the power of informing our readers that the answers received are of the most liberal kind. The Delegates of the press met in the course of the day for the purpose of ex- amillillg into the cause aud effects of the fire, and their entire satisfaction at the exertions made was expressed in the warmest terms, and liberal dona- tions were directed to be aiven to all who had been active in their exertions to extinguish the fire. Wet hear that the loss is estimated at £5,000.
fo 'f See,ns to us> not l'1R least important point Present consideration appears lo be the part "ch the United States government may be eHpfed to take in the quarrel, and this will y much depend on the promptitude and ^ergy of the Cabinet in repairing the mischief ,ljc'» their folly and snpineness have oc- t lOlled. The appointment of Lord Durham o the oftice of pacificator has been not unaptly lnpared to the use of Spirits of turpentine to "'•"gnish a conflagration. The temper of the 1\11 is a sentence of revolution in Canada- t angur in therefore for Ministerial prudence "'eir attempts to retrace their steps, and we aVe Inuch firmer reliance on their immediate 'e»tion to the sound advice of the Duke of 'lngton, and a strong military demonstra- OI1, than on the dictatorship of the Earl of ^llrl»am. It cannot be denied that if the United of America be disposed for var, the It may be thought that her overgrown and unwieldy republic, Ith a vast extent of territory of which she has Ueen Unable to people a thousandth part, all j "ghts of aggrandisement would be ridicti- °hs. though the Canada9 may present no Ptation for conquest, they do for rapine, and e Itave but little douht that the same weakness j* the Government at home which encouraged jj. Papineau faction" into open rebellion, will, Aggression suit their convenienceK render the ^Ued States government less scrupulous in f eir.vjolation of neutrality. It was not, tliere- n e, without some show of reason that Mr bebuck appealed to the fears of their Lord- that if the Canada Bill passed, Ie ,ere was no chance but war. He grounded I arglllneut on the fact of Republican sympathy the "oppressed Canadians." We suspect however strong this sympathy may be, the tltloverning principles of the Americans will be Ie aff ,gaIn-and the opportuuity; and so as dirs are managvd by the present drivellers of ^°Wn'n? Street, nothing that can happen in the 1 cJ°f national loss and national degradation surprise us. English honour and English Aer were never in worse hands. To preserve Peace u c oeiween the two countries we must he pre- red for roar, and we commend the following Slage of the speech delivered by the victorious 'Ild '1 I IUstrious uke of Wellington to the con- I sitler t. a Ion of every man in the kingdom: — fa'ih1 had been seen that within a very short space t" had been raised relating to the question of riv undary of the state of Maine, to that of the Columbia, to that of Mexico, besides other ProtuT^11* •objects, and he had no doubt that in die^°rtlon 88 Prescnt difficulties intheCanadas .away,other questions would arise which would the pre ,e raost vwrilant attention on the part of O0ve»ime«tof 'his country. The Government (i^l "'srefore, be repeated, not look upon this as a theall affair. They should consider, a nd he entreated in n to do so, that in proportion as they were strong «„ an»da they woiild have the countenance and of many in the United States who would tho r*e be against them, even though in doing so th^^Vsht act against their consciences. Let them, 4(fa-' e repeated, not think the present a small T' °r that though it might be brought loan $" "evereould, without the maintenance of such a' he had referred lo, be brought to a satis- ot0fy termination."