♦ We a I' off ° nrC c^rec^e^ to state that the important Estates and Dan y Grnig, Newton, comprising fifteen hundred acres of excellent land, with extensiv t c commons and manorial rights, will be sold Or A UCL'ON» '°TS, during the month of either July «ust, in the ensuing summer. A full descrip- Hot) in J 111 particulars will very shortly be ready. e —A meeting convened by Henry Morgan, ,Rrd"i the Mayor, was holden at the Town Hall, in(0 • 0,1 Saturday last, for the purpose of entering t()R 'l Suhseription for the relief of the poor within tw /owo, The chair was taken by the Mayor, at ilit .e 0 clock, when several resolutions were entered furtijel.Ill(-c of the object of the meeting, and a Was appointed for the purpose of soliciting e^j^'Ptions and taking such steps as might appear itij,. le,|t to them for carrying the object of the meet- s?Qu'^° 'ln,liL>diate effect. VVe understand, in con- rPp(>. "C(i of the meeting, subscriptions have been a mounting to between £ 80. and £ 90, a con- Hiitt, Portion of which has been, by the cora- c0a|tp'm°st judiciously applied, in the purchase of 8rj: 'up, bread, bftef, sheets, blankets, and sundry Dp °;s of elothin" and distributed amongst the Us poor. tity e'(.^ar1uis of Bute has lately distributed a quan- 5nj t° flannel and shoes amongst the poor of Cardiff a ^ntrissent. Nicholl, Esq. M. P. has transmitted X15 to f0r > *10 to Cowbridse, and £ >10 to Lantrissent, thp 'e t,urchase of clothing and distribution amongst Poor of these boroughs. Q TAIIONGANSHIRE AND MONMOUTHSHIRE INFIRMARY AND DISPENSARY, CARDIFF. 416ft"act of House Surgeon's Report to the Weekly BOqrd, from Jan. 21 th to 31 J*, 1838, inclusive. JX IN-DOOR PATIENTS. I ie,"1?'llc<'by last Report 5 ^Uted since. 0 ) D" — 5 i lSc<wrged.—Cured and Relieved 2 I For Irregularity, or at their own ? Desire. 0 — 2 Remaining 3 OUT-DOOR PATIENTS. .^ned by last Report 62 Ad,»«tted since. 28 9Q 'Charged.—Curetl and Relieved 8 For Irregularity, or at their own Desire 1 — 9 Remaining 81 I medical Officers for the Week. y j'ysician—-Dr Moore; Surgeon —Mr U. W. Da vis J sitors—Rev. H L. Bloss, and Mr D. Evans, f THOMAS JAC03, House Surgeon. .# fr<Par Parliamentary report exhibits a departure "whole Iloggism" in the Radical Member for q r'nyr, worthy of public acknowledgment. Mr Wils the first and almost the only Member of House of Commons who objected to the reception '■he petition of the Glasgow cotton-spinners, be- j| it contained words disrespectful to the other j OUSe of Parliament. The words" rabble of Lords," Stly offended the aristocratic prejudices of the Hon. timber, and we trust the next time that the Humes, ja k^ders—the O'Connellsand the Warburtonsujter n ^.aage equally coarse and ten times as inexcusable, "'terference of the Hon. Member for Merthyr will j^hibited with the same good taste and patriotic "19 as in the case of the cotton spinners of Glas- ■v and their worthy delegate Mr Wakley. ^iir W. vy. Wyim last week took the oaths and his in the House of Commons. The worthy baronet 1) itifirm ttiit it was with the greatest difficulty .° Coulj make his way "tip to the table, at which it d "s requisite to appear to take the oaths. Having j. ne so he seated himself on the front ministerial !11(, while his brother, the Hon. C. W. Wynn, Sued the parliamentary roll for the worthy baronet. '"be Bishop of UundaiF has undergone a most ofSere operation on the back of his neck, on account obstinate tumour. His t-ordship has been ex- by extreme pain, but we are happy to state, the authority of his near relatives, that he is C1> better, and that a great improvement in bis |j"er.a' health is confidently anticipated. Sir B. j|r°die was the operator, assisted by Mr Ridout. Sir '!i"» attended soon after the operation, when 8o r° Wt'ru some alarming symptoms, which happily °" Save way: and, all fever having subsided, it is Ped that strength may soon be regained. jjl^^ANsEA.—We are happy to find that the very I )eral subscription entered into by the genilemen blld respectable tradesmen, of the town and neigh- v°U.r'u,(Jd, towards mitigating the sufferings and pri- C- "f the poor, during the late inclemency has I t|P||,shed a sufficient fund for the purpose of supplying i;rn witi« coal, bread, potatoes, and some with '"°r ^'ie week. Too much thanks cannot f f'Ve" to those gentlemen, who so kindly set on <j such » subscription, ILtitl for their ready assistance y after diiv, in the distribution of the different tides to the deserving poor. tVo understand the ^^ubseribed, already amounts to upwards of ^wiNSEA.—The intention of Mr Farndell to visit jj, i ,,L>igi)bourhood will, we feel assured, be truly accept e those ladies and gentlemen wiio wish to avail Q-,Iti of his serviet s. He received his musical eduo tOII under the immediate patronage of their late in 'ties George the T nird and Fourth also coinbin- b(^[d ('°u^'e advantage in the science by teaching th VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL. C^'OHTANT DISCOVERY.—We understand that Mr j, a''es Borrows, mason, of St. Austell, after study- d- "ian-v yc'ars the best method of destroying the to coa' mines, which have proved so fatal thousands of human beings, has at length suc- in constructing a machine which will effectu- hi</ destr°y them, and enable the miner to prosecute jai w°rk with the aid of a lighted candle,, without ^'ton covering, in perfect safety.— IVest TRADE.—Within the last month an importa- wliit,ij will surprise our readers in the neighbour- of the Iron-works, has been made to the Port of hl ndon, viz-a cargo of iron, technically called made at Madras with native ore, and contin- Wj "t^riaJs. An importation of iron from .Madras! ut new marvel in commercial enterprize will e Ipse 0 Williams of Aberdare, was rabbit-shooting, Vst ^,US(i!,y 'as'» Rt Tyneweth, in the parish of I 'tradyvodwg, accompanied by a favourite terrier, 3ti m ^ox' l,le disisovered a fine wild badger, in °ut • ^°a' 'eve'- *"ox immediately draggetl him K • °| bis cave, when a severe battle ensuet), which StCl about three hours. At length Mr Williams, Hf) Ce'v''ig that poor Fox was nearly exhausted, put «tii i ^'l0 co"test by shoot iug the badger. The of ,nal measured, from the end of his tail to the tip nope. thiee feet two inches, and his body was to J y*e'^bt inches in circumference. It is supposed e the largest ever seen in the Principality. GLAMORGANSHIRE LAWYER OF THE OLDEN C .-Da v id J en kin, the honest Welsh judge P'es 'in'tate such safe and praiseworthy exaiu- H fired up with all the natural impetuosity of the ai,n.ur £ iUls^'re 'a wyer, whenever he heard ol any of In !lrbitrary proceedings of the Commons, denounc- 'em as contrary to all law. His courage seems Co ,lv.e equalled his zeal, for when the Commons had *w'tted him to the Tower, transferred him to }Juu »ate> and thence brought him to the bar of the gtu S| 011 a charge of treason, nothing daunted, he ^niMi 111 ''is defence—absolutely refused to their presence, and when urged by the house, lCve0lll,lU'1' them, in a rage as a den of thieves." &ubi"' W.'a!" the house by a way of reducing him to carr'1^8'0- threatened to hang him, his imagination H0 i instantly to tiie gallows, but infused then^r°r' '°to '1'S "itrepid spirit. 1 will suffer ar,n' lle exclaimed, with -the Bible under one Co anc* Magna Clnrta under the other." The florageou" zeal of this honest Welshman could Th& U,^ bispiro his juilges with feelings of respect. e0(l/ 'd not put their threats into execution, but pfiso'1'^1' themselves with re-cominitting him to but "ere he remained until I(55(). There exist „ *»nty H»«terials for any detail of his life, lie •• "el)SO'» Glamorganshire; was •tofcinh at lidmund Hall, in Oxford, and was a jud» Gr.iy's Inn he eventually became a Welsh SII ge, and died on the Otii of December. 1003, in the in hi^ear ^s a"e* was a Person of great ability Oen 8 Profession Noy and Banks, when Attorney hi, nrals, Let, seeking his advice. Wood describes he |j'^S ."ai heart of oak." He died, it appears, as tioi,3 Preat-'hing with his last breath to his rela- ^'aiesT 'bose who were about him, loyal tj o his John. "1 all(1 °bedienc(! to the laws of the laud."— nt0n L'fe °f Sir Edward Coke. 7- THE LANBLETHIAN HARRIERS WILL MEET ON I Monday, Feb. 5, at Laudew. Wednesday 7. at Golden Mile. Friday ——" 9, at St. Mary's Church Athaif-pastten. We insert the fallowing by wjiy of caution:—On Friday evening the steam-boiler at the Healy Wood works, near Blackburn, burst, in consequence of the feeding pipe being frozen; two men attending the engines were killed on the spot, and the life of ano- ther man is despaired of. Oil Monday week the steam-boiler attached to Mr Carter's manufactory, at Darlaston, exploded with great violence, falling and rebounding in its descent upon several houses, which sustained considerable injury. Three of Mr Carter's shops were blown down, and so great was the con- cussion that most of the houses in the place were shaken. The accident is attributed to the intense frost, which had frozen down the safety valve. "# GI,AIIOI,I('.ANS' I III I,, A GIII CULTUR A L REPORT. FEB. i.ri,L, severity of the weather during the past mouth has not been equalled for many years. In a situation not particularly exposed, and only one hundred feet above the level of the sea, the average temperature of the whole month is only 31° 4-10, which is 10° G-10 below the average temperature of January in latitude 51°. During the nigiit of the lyth, the thermometer receded to 13°. In the same situation the greatest depression during the last 23 yewrs was iu January, 1S29, when it registered 17', The temperature of January for the last four years in the same place averaged 4IQ. The labouring classes have experienced some pri- vations from the severity of the weather which suspended many public works. The navigation of the canal having been also stopped for near three weeks,, those engaged along the line have been unemployed. The applications to the Boards of Guardians were, consequently, rather numerous; these were met by offers of employment in breaking stones at a reduced price, and also by the adoption of that excellent pro- vision in the New Poor Law, namely, "loans" of small sums, to be repaid again by attaching their wages, many of the applicants acknowledging that when employed they earned 18s. and 20s. a week. For farming operations the recent frost has beeu seasonable in affording greater facilities for the re- moval of manure; it will be found beneficial in mellowing the winter fallow, and in the destruction of slugs, &c., in the soil. 011 the other hand, the absence of snow in this country left the young wheats fully exposed to the intensity of the frost, and they present. in general, a base appearance, and we expect to find a portion of the plants destroyed. An increased con- sumption of fodder has likewise taken place, and before May the stock of hay will bo found deficient. The common turnips have been seriously affected by the frost, and the largest sized will soon rot. The great advantage of storing the Swedes was never more manifest: during the whole month these have been soft and mellow, while all the turnips exposed were so firmly frozen, that neither sheep or cattle could consume them, besides the impossibility of separating them from the ground. v. ENGLYNION AR BRIODAS W. WILLIAMS, YSWAIN, 0 ABERPERGWM. 0 clywch sain y clych swynawl,—i'r awyr, Fal gorhoian wladawl; las gwiwnwyf sy'n eseynawl, Ar lyg a lien mae gwen gwawl. Priododd (neud purydyw ?)-ein difalch Bendetig diledryw, Sef Gwilym Glyn Nedd heddyw, A'r Rian fwyn, oreu'n fyw. Bob awr boed lies mawr i ferch Smith,*—hoewgain Gymreiges ddi-ragrith 0 Dduw dad, o'th rad ymhob rliith, 1'1' Femdwf dyro fendith. Glain yw i ardal Glyn Nedd,—a'i ffriw'n haul I'r dylfryn lioew. glwyswedd Naws y gwir sy'n nhes ei gwedd D Llw-o'i rhaii --da ei rhinwedd •Da f&gwyd pendefigion-o'r Pergwm, Gwyr purgoeth tra cliyfiion Gwyr hy yinhlith goreuon Ein gwlad gwyr difrad ar don. Dewr cu bryd mewn brwydr, o'u bron:—yroeddyut Feib rliyddid o galon, A u clod ar led dr .vy gred gron Glywiiid o. ddynt i'r glewio. Ilanu o Gollwynf hynod,—a lestyn, !a<r aatud gun eurglod V gair o nerth y gwr nod Nawddfael ymliob Eisteddfod. Trwy iesin ystod traserch,—o'm cnaid Dymunwn, i'w annerch, Hygar sain ch IVeg eiriau serch; A gwynfyd, iddei geinferch. Iddynt boed plant rhinweddawl,—rhai anwyl l' .v rhieni buddiawl Merchaid mad, tra serchiadawl, A meib yn feirdd heirdd eu hawl. Nyddesitein cynghaneddion,—eres gerdd, Fal Rhys voch,t wyr Einion, Yn gywraint fuirdd braint, 0'(\ bron, ° hwyl a lies hil Lleision. Rhag einhrwysg treiiwyr gortlirwm,—cwrr diangc, I'r divvyd yw'r Pergwm, Llys cyssar, rhag cur, drwv'r Cwm, I'r hen aethlyd wyr noethlwm. "ol liir ooj, ddi locs, drwy lo.sawl—fwyniant, Yn fonedd daearawl, Derbyn, O Ddu v gwyn i'r gwawl Uifcth, y ddeuddyn dwyfawl. SION BLAEN Y CWM. (Dryw Bach,) ncu Mr It. Williams, Aberdare. Merch Major Smith, or Castellau, gerllaw Llan- trisant, yw Mrs Williams. t Collwyn oelld tad Einion, a'r cyntaf o'r llwj'th a anneddodd ym M organwg. t Khoddir ach Rhys Goch fll hyn, Rhys Goch. ap Riccert, ap Einion, ap Collwyn. ): r oedd Einion ap Collwyn, yn briod a merch lestyn ap Gwrgant; Bu Dafydd ap Gwilyin yn cynnal cadair yn Llanfaglan, gcilla .v Aberafaii, yn nhy ei berthynas Icuan ap Lleision. Wyr i'r leuan ap Lleision yma oedd leuan ap Gethin ap Icuan, ap Lleision, ac yr oedd ef hefyd yn Fardd ac hanesydd clodfawr, oddeutu'r flwyddyn 1430. Priododd un oddisgvnyddion teulu Raglan ac Aberafan. (pa rhai oeddyntyn dyfod lin-o-lin o Caradoc ap Icstyn, yr hwn a gafodd y cyfoeth l'hllg Nedd ac Afan, yn dy- wj^ogaeth iildo, pan gormeswyd Morganwg gau y Nor- maniaid,) ag etifeddes Aberperg>vm g.velir oddiwrth yr achauuchod fod Mr Williams, o Aberpergwiu, yn disgyn o lestyn ac Einion. MERTHYR. MEETING AT MERTHYR FOR THE APPOINT- MENT OF A STIPENDIARY MAGISTRATE, AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A LOCAL COURT FOR THE RECOVERY OF SMALL DEBTS. In pursuance of a noti c from the chief constable of Merthyr, a meeting was held at the vestry-room of the parish oil Wednesday last, and was numerously attended. Amongst the most influential persons pre- sent were the Member for the borough Bruce Pryce, Esq.; Mr Crawshay and Mr Crawshay, jun.; Mr A. Hill; Mr Fothergill Mr Meyrick; Mr Morgan, of Gadlys; Mr Williams, of Garth Hall Mr II. Scale Mr Russell; MrOverton; Mr James; Mr D. James; inir Porkitis, &c., &e. The object of the meeting as announced by the bill was, For the purpose of taking into consideration the expediency of obtaining an Act of Parliament for appointing a Stipendiary Magistrate for the several parishes of Merth vr, Aberdare, Gellygaer, qnd Vaynor And also, for establ ishing a Court for the Recovery of Debts, not exceeding a sum to be fixed upon, within the same parishes. And for Assessing the several Blast Furnaces within the parishes of Merthyr, Aber- dare, and Geliygaer; and also the Rateable Property within those parishes, as well as the parish of Vaynor; and of levying, by and out of the poor's rate, sucii sum as may be deemed necessary for defraying the salary of such Magistrate, who shall be a barrister of at least five years standTrig aud who, it is proposed, shall preside over the Court." Mr CRAWSHAY proposed that the Chief Constable do take the ehnir on which Mr Meyrick stated that that officer was unable to attend through a severe domestic calamity; upon which, Mr Guest having entered the room, was voted into the chair, an ap- pointment which he accepted—on protest, premising tuat lie did not pledge himself in any way as to the part which he should have taken in the discussion of the projMjsed bill. Tne chairman being seated, and having read the notice, called upon any gentleman who might be disposed to address the meeting, to deliver his sentiments. Mr CRAW-HAY enquired if the chief constable had taken the necessary measures to circulate the notice of the meeting among the workmen, as, in hisopinion, they were parties materially interested in one portion v of the proposed measure. It was answered, (the cnief constable not being present) that handbills had been generally posted, and that the meeting had Leen advertised in the Merthyr Paper.. Mr A. HILL moved tliat a letter from the Marquis of Bute, to tho chief constable, in reference to the meeting,be read— which was done as follows. Luton Hoo, 2ud Jan. 1838. SIR,-Ill consequence of my communications with various parties connected with Merthyr Tydfil and the neighbourhood, a Bill has been prepared uniting the establishment of a Court for the Recovery of Small Debts with the appointment of a Stipendiary Magistrate for Merthyr Tydfil, who is to be the Judge of the Small Debt Court. I have directed Mr E. P. Richards to for- ward the Bill to you, and I have to request that you will on receiving it, without loss of tine, call together a Public Meeting of all parlies concerned, in order to take the Bill inte consideration. It is proposed to raise the sums necessary for carrying this measure into cffect in the same manner as by the temporary Act of 1829 the Bill, therefore, cannot be carried through without the previous assent of the parties to be rated but I do not think it proper that it should even be introduced into Parliament without obtaining their assent in a public meeting, as I have above requested. On the other hand I hope it will be understood that all parties should consider themselves hound by the assent which may be given at this public meeting to the Bill, unless they then express their dissent to it, otherwise a heavy ex- pense may be unnecessarily incurred. Mr E. P. Richards gave the Parliamentary notices at my request, in November last. I beg vou will communicate this letter to the meeting, and show it also to every person concerned, who may enquire of you on the subject. I am, Sir, Your very faithful and obedient servant, BUTE. To the High Constable', Merthyr Tydfil. Mr D. JAMES said, that as it had been hinted in the paper, as well as in other quarters, that he had a principal hand in preparing the proposed Bill, he begged the meeting would hear him state the part which he had taken in it. In consequence of being appointed in conjunction with Mr Powell, at a public meeting, a Committee to confer with the Lord Lieutenant and the Ironmasters, with respect to the Bill in question, they proceeded to London, and waited first on Mr Guest, and he, (Mr James,) under- I stood that Mr Guest, had considered such a measure under proper restrictions, might he beneficial to the place, He then waited on Mr Crawshay, who stated that lie could not give him an immediate answer, but would take the subject into consideration, and that at a second interview, Mr C. thought that the office of a Judge of a Court for the recovery of small debts, presided over by a cool headed Barrister might not be objectionable, but at the same time, he protested against the separate rating of the furnaces towards the stipend to' be paid. They then waited upon Mr Richard Hill, who stated that he had a decided ob- jection to the principle of the Bill in all its points, but that lie should not object to the appointment of'a Stipendiary Magistrate, unconnected with the other oftke, The Lord Lieutenant informed him (Mr J.) that he had brought-in such a Boll for all Scotland, and there was every prospect of its working most bene- ficially. So far from having nuv interested motives in the Bill, he (Mr J.) should go farther than simply to propose that no one connected with Merthyr and its inhabitants be eligible to the appointment, for he would even object to anyone connected with the County of Glamorgan being appointed under it. Mr CRAWSHAY, in explanation, stated that if Mr James would recollect, his answer to him had been, that if a measure as he (Mr C.) thenXinderstood was in agitation, for the appointment of such local courts throughout the whole of England, he (Mr C.) could have no objection that Merthyr, should be merged in sueh an enactment, but that he never meant to give his consent to the establishment of a distinct court for this place. Mr D. JAMFS said he would take that opportunity of thanking Mr Guest, and the other gentlemen, with whom he had conferred for the courteous manner in which they had received him on that occasion. Mr A. HILL stated, that in the few observations he had to make, he should confine himself strictly to the Bill itself, and to the Lord Lieutenant's comments upon it. As, therefore.it was understood, that it was based upon the Bill of 1829, and, that if those who had voluntarily contributed towu-tis the machinery of that Bill, would, by dissenting to do the same on the present occasion, render the present Bill of no avail, he pronounced at once his unqualified dissent to the Bill, as at present proposed, and requested the Chairman to record such dissent, and respectfully to convey his sentiments to the Lord Lieutenant. Mr A. Hit! added, that he represented other parties besides himself. Mr CRAWSHAY said, that he fully concurred in all that had fat ten from the last speaker. Mr MEYRICK said, that as a Rate-payer of the parish of Vaynor, he objected to that parish being called upon to contribute any proportion towards the proposed measure. Thc Bill would therefore have his decided opposition. Mr CHRISTOPHER JAMES then addressed himself to Mr Crawshay and to Mr A. Hill, and enquired whether their objection to the present Bill rested i on the distinct rat ing of the furnaecs, or whether they objected to it altogether. Mr A. HILL replied, that he did not feel himself obliged to answer such a question further than to say, that a Bill for the Recovery of Small Debts, at Mcr thyr, would have his unqualified disapprobation. After some further desultory conversation, the Chairman interfered, and said that lie could not sit there to (War speeches unless some distinct proposi- tion or resolution was founded upon them, and ap parently in displeasure quitted the Chair for a short period, but which, his better judgment allowed him almost immediate'y to resume. Mr BRUCE PUYCE stated, that if the Chairman was about to close the meeting for want of a Resolution, he had some observations to make, and rather than be precluded from stating his objection to the object of the present meeting, he would prepare a resolution by which those observations should be followed, He found in one of the early clauses of the Draft Bill, that the extra Magistrate was to be appointed 11 to- cause a sufficient number of Magistrates cannot be found to execute their office with such efficiency as the good Govern- ment of the inhabitants and the protection of their proper- ties rclitire. Mr Bruce Pryce stated that the parish of Aberdare did not come within the objects of such a clause and therefore should not in justice be taxed to pay the salary of such additional Magistrate. He tl considered that the annexing the office of a Judge for therecovery of small debts-to that of a Justice of the Peace, was an impolitic measure. That the penal inflictions which the Magistrate was, in the perform- ance of his duty, often bound to award, would render him sufficiently unpopular without the odium which iho frequent execution under distress would superadd. The times had arisen and might again arise, when the popularity of the Magistrate might be very con- ducive to the preservation of the pence 0f the place; was it then wise to attach to his Magisterial duties those which had a natural tendency to render him an object of dislike to the people. tl(-. therefore conceived the present Bill would be prejudicial to the best interests of the place. Mr FOTHERGILL said that if Mr Bruce Pryce would embody his observations in a resolution, he should be happy to second it, as the sentiments expressed by Mr Bruce Pryce had his full concurrence. Whilst Mr Bruce Pryce was writing his proposed Resolution, Mr PERKINS rose and said—That he had a Resolution to propose, wh\-h, perhaps, might super- sede the necessity of that which Mr Bruce Pryce was about to bring forward. He then observed that ho and those who acted with him, had hitherto supposed that the measure now submitted to the meeting had the sanction, not only of Mr Crawshay, but of Mr A. Iliil, and Mr Bruce also; but finding, to his astonish- ment, that such was not the case, he should propose that the meeting be ndjoLJrnedsine die. Mr A. IlILL asked Mr Perkins from what authority he derived his information that he (Mr Hill) was in favour of the proposed measure, to which— Mr PERKINS replied that he had no distinct authority, but it was so generally reported. Mr A. HILL replied that the Lord Lieutenant was' in possession of his written sentiments upon the subject, and that in all his communications with that Noble- man he had expressed his decided objection to the Bill, and more particularly to the appointment of a Court of Requests, as most injurious to the welfare of the workmen. [This expression was received by a large body of persons in the room, workmen and others, with the most decided manifestations of approbation.] Mr CHRISTOPHER JAMES differed from Mr Hill,—and said that he had known Merthyr for tiie greater part of his life, was well acquainted with the sentiments of many of the workmen, and that he considered the Court of Requests to be decidedly favourable to them and that they themselves were favourable to such a mea- sure. [The expression of popular dissent to this asser- tion was given in a way that could not be misunder- stood, if hisses and groans have any meaning.] The CHAIRMAN then rose and said that ho was placed in a situation that was most painful to him, for something had been said in that room which he was compelled to contradict, and the result would either be that the person who had so expressed himself "lust have forgotten what he had formerly said upon the oc- casion, or he (the Chairman) had been misled by wrong information In a communication with the Lord Lieu- tenant he (the Chairman) understood that Mr Hill had. w Ithdra wn his opposition to the proposed measure. Mr A. tiiLL. A,, I Mr Hill?'' The CHAIRMAN admitted that Mr Richard Hill might have been the person alluded to by his Lord- ship. } Mr A. HILL then stated tint whatever might have taken place between the Lord Lieutenant and his brother on the subject in question, such conversation had never been reported to him. He then read a cor- respondence which had passed between the Marquis and himself, in which it was clearly manifest that his (Mr A. Hitrs) opposition to the Bill from first to last had been as consistent as it was decided. Mr CRAWSHAY then submitted the following Reso- lution to the meeting 11 That th Bill presouted to this meeting by the Chief Constable is Ili objectionable, and that the Chairman be requested to inform the Lord Lieutenant in the most respectful terms, that such Resolution was adopted by the meeting." Mr A. Hill, and Mr Bruce Pryce, both rose at the same time to second the Resolution the latter having caught the chairman's eye, was recorded as the seconder. The question was put in English and Welsh to the meeting, and was carried unanimously. Mr DAVID JAMRS hoped that if an unanimous vote were recorded, the would explain to the Marquis of Bute that the whole merits of the Dill, had not been fully discussed. Tho CHAIRMAN could not consent to travel out of the regular duties of his office, but he would transmit the proceedings of tlie Meeting as they occurred, to his Lordship. When tne Chairman Ind left the chair, he stated that if he had not been in the situation which he had then occupied he should have expressed sentiments to the meeting in accordance with those which had been given that day by Mr Crawshay, Mr A. Hill, and others After a vote of thanks to the Chairman, proposed by Mr A. HILL, and carried unanimously, tho meeting was dissolved. [It will be manifest from the foregoing report, that although the Draft Bill submitted to the meeting did not receive its approbation, the ironmasters were not unfavourable to the principle of a Stipendiary Magis- trate, though they objected to the proposed method of paying his salary. That part of the Bill which pro- vided a local court for the recovery of small debts met with but few supporters. It is but an act of common justice to the Lord Lieutenant to state, that the part taken by his Lordship was acknowledged by all to have proceeded only from his earnest desire to pre- serve the peace of the district, and to promote what might be considered most conducive to that end.] (From a Correspoiident.)-A gentleman of Merthyr has, from compassion to the poor of the neighbour- hood, who suffer from the inciemen y of the weather and the sickness which generally prevallti) left a sove- reign xi-ith the Clergy of the parish to be at their dis- posal for the relief of the distressed. It is hoped that his example will be followed by the wealthy .inhabit- ants of the place, or that it will be the means of in- ducing some of tho loading gentry to canvass the town for the aforesaid humane purpose.—[We think the inhabitants of Merthyr would do well tb imitate the example of Swansea and Cardiff, as recorded in this day's paper.-Ed. G. & G.] We greatly regret to state that the small pox con- tinues its ravages among the poorer population of Merthyr and its immediate neighbourhood, if possible, with increased virulenco. It is much to be lamented that all medical recommendations fur the immediate vaccination of children, yet uninfected, are not only disregarded, but opposed under the mistaken impres- sion that the children will have to contend with two diseases instead of one. Wo would entreat those who have influence with the working classes to exert it in disabusing them of an error so fatal to their offspring, nnd so instrumental in keeping alive this dreadful scourge. To reason with mothers upon the subject, we fear, will be of no avail; the weight of disinterested testimony must be given to the fact, that both disorders cannot co-exist- that vaccination and small pox are antagonist diseases and that the former is the stronger, however comparatively innocent in its effects. In opening a grave, In which the late Mr Thomas James, of the Wern, was interred on Thursday last, a gold wedding-ring was fou:id, in a perfect state. We are informed that, 36 years ago, a daughter of Mr James who was on the point of marriage, was buried in this grave; but, previously to her inter- ment, the young man to whom she was betrothed caused the ring to be placed in the coffin. TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIKTY.—Tho members of this philanthropic society were highly. gratified on Tuesday evening last by th delivery of two very able Lectures, by Mr Morgan, of Cardiff, and Mr Grubb, of Preston, at Pontinorlais Chapel, in this town. The audience was large aud respectable, and, apparently, well pleased with the arguments brought forward, and the facts stated by the respective speakers. Upwards of twenty joined the 3ociety at the con- clusion. We understand that the establishment of Tempe- rance Societies in Merthyr and the neighbourhood has materially affected the consumption of beer, and, as a necessary consequence, the manufacture of malt. The total abstinent" votaries mistake, we think, the reverse of wrong for right..1# is the abuse qf God's good gifts that we deprecate; and he who cries no meat, because of gi tittony- no beer, because of drunk- enness—dishonours the bestower of blessings which were meant for the use and service of man. It is also a iuciiiieliolyrefle(-tioii that men can be restrained by a voluntary vow frbtii a vice against which the law of God has proclaimed its heaviest displeasure, that the Bible should be less regarded than the enrolment of a name on the records of a Temlwrance Society, and that Christian principles should be less operative than a declaration of abstinence. But it has been ever thus. The Pagans followed a false religion with a zeal and sincerity 'that shamed the worshippers of the true. And the children of this world arc in their generation wiser than the children of light. #1-1_ MERTHYR POLICE. [Before WM. THOMAS, Esq) x David Hughes, founder, and William Griffiths, filler, at the Rhyinney lion Works, were committed to Cardiff House of Correction for one calendar month, for abseiitiug themselves from their work without leave. .## The following are Returns made to an order of the House of Commons. No. I. The number of Elec- tors registered in the borough of Merthyr Tydril for JSSSand 1837 and, No. 2. The number of Elec- tors who actually voted at the last Election No. 1. No. 2. Qualification. Registered Voted at the 1836. 1837. last Election. Houses 223 173 Beer Houses 104 102 Shops. 81 66 Public Houses. 35 32 Houses aud Shops 35 28 Farms 35 33 Inns 26 19 Houses and Gardens. 17 13 Houses and Lands. 16 14 Houses and Workshop.. 3 House, Shop, and Beer- house ] j Skinner's Yard J "Varehouse 1 Brewery 1 1 Canal Yard. 1 2 Mill I Pottery House 1 1 Registered 582 voted 485 CERDD ARWEST,I'R GAUAF. [OV Saesneg—gwel MERTHYR GUARDIAN, Ion. 20,1838.] Ffwrdd a'r Gauaf swrth ei wala, Grwbach cas heb un awr 'smala :— •Och! a'r gwlaw a'r eira'n rhwymo, Beth a bair i'r galon dvyino 7- Crwn o geraint tra mynwesog, Jlenaf o'n cymdeithion gwreseg, A chyfeillion-Iu caredig, Fat carenuydd dewisiedig,— Rhosp y rhai'n, a'u swyn cyssefin, Gwnant y Gauaf yn Fehefin. Beth a ladd y Gauaf aethlawn 7- Pob peth disglair. poh peth maethlawn Cerddi hen, dros fyth heb dretilio,- Chwerthin awchus,—serch yn heulio,- Chwajau brywys,—terydd Awen,— Froedgamp chwai, a'r noson lawen Ar est,—dawn,—a'r gwin di-afai- Serch wrth dan,—a'r isel lafar,- Hoen.-dierrifwch, yn blethedig, Gwnant chweg Fai o'r hin rewedig. AB IOLO, Cyfieithydd. CYFIEITHAD ARALL. "V tmuth, Auaf oer o chwerw, Nid yn llawcn nac yn feddw; Mewn gwlaw ac cira hyfryd yw, Oil! bcth a lonna'r galon friw ? Hen ac ieuaingc, geraint Hon, Hen ffryns o'r liena 'n wych eu bron, Hen ffryns caredig yma sy Ynghyd fel ceraint anwyl, cu,- Y rhai'n i gyd yn llawen sy Yn canu 'maes y Gauaf du. Betli a ladd 'r hen bendrwm un ?— Dim ond haul a melus win,- Hen ganiadaU fyddo'n llawn 0 (Tyddlon serch, yn llawen lawn, Y rhai'n mewn gwir, hyfrydwch fydd, A bywiog ddawns pan ddarffo'r dydd, Mewn miwsig lion, a diod fwyn,- A gyltry serch i dweyd ei cliwyn,— Liawenydd nad yw byth yn glaf, Wna'r U auaf du i fod yn h;xf. J. H.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE & GUARDIAN. SIR,—Not long ago, some trials were made in Corn- wall, I think, and the account appeared in the news- papers, as to the advantages of rockets being used to convey lines from ships ia distress to the shore. Since the loss of the Killarney, 1 have felt anxious to urge on all owners and masters, either of steamers or sailing vessels, the propriety of having a box on board every vessel, containing six rockets, with from 300 to 1,200 yards of line, properly coiled*, and as many blue lights; so that, in case of need, a line might be projected on shore by a rocket. (A blue light at night could be burnt as a signal, and then the rocket eleva-ed to about 45°, with the line attached, fired towards the shore.) It is a rare occurrence for a vessel in distress not to be watched by some parties from the shore, and they will at once see that their duty was to draw the small line on shore, whilst those on board attached a larger rope to the line, and thus go on until a rope, sufficient to bear a man or two, is passed from the ship to the shore. This plan appears feasible, and might be used when Captain Manby's apparatus would be unavailing, and where no such apparatus was to be procured. Govern- ment, probabiy, on proper application, would forward this object, and allow rockets and blue lights to be issued (the same being paid for) the expense of which for six lib rockets would be trifling. Were a few steam companies to adopt the plan, others would be obliged to follow; for it would be the duty of all sailing by steam or otherwise, to learn first whether the safety rocket apparatus was on board, and if otherwise, not to go in that ship. A case occurred the other day in the Bristol Channel, when a steamer could not get sufficiently near a ship in distress, but had she had on board her rockets, she could, probably, through their means, have thrown a line to the suf- fering vessel, and thus have been- made instrumental in saving the crew, and, perhaps, the ship. My time will not permit me to address every paper, but I hope all Editors throughout the kingdom will urge this object, it having for its base humanity, coupled with economy and practicability. I am, &c. &c., ROBERT BYERS, F L.S. Bryn Sifi, near Swansea, January 31, 1838. Some experiments with respect to the power of the rockets in carrying the line would be necessary a line, for instance, 420 yards long woqJd weigh about 31bs. Again, the line had better be attached to a copper wire, which should reach the whole length of the stick of the rocket, so as to prevent the line from being burnt. Port fires should accompany the rockets, being the most certain means of firing them. R. B.
ittountouttfgftt're. NEWPORT, 1st February, 18S8.—Agreeably to the notice given, the friends to the education of the chitdren of the poor in connexion with the Established Church, met at the Girls' National School Room, with the view to provide for the erection of new School Rooms within the town of Newport, Sir C. Morgan, Bart., in the chair. The meeting, thougti not so numerously attended as expected, was highly respectable. Amongst those present were Sir C. Morgan, Bart., Rev. Sir C. Salisbury, Bart., Rev. James <}oles, Rev. R. A. Roberts, Rev. A. A Isaacson, Rev. Wni. Powell, Rev. James Francis, Rev. Taylor, Rev. John Beynon, Rev. Morgan Powell, Wm. Brewer, Wm. Willianis: Thomas Powell, T. Phillips, T. J. Phillips, F. Justice, J. Bircfi, T. Cooke, and Thomas Hughes, Esqrs.; Mr Webber, Mr Nicholas, Mr Hawkins, &c. &c &c. Sir CHARLES MORGAN stated the object of the meeting. He observed that the present school room would shortly be sold, it was therefore neces. sary that another should be provided. A piece of ground had been selected for the building of new sclLool rooms and his (Sir Charles's) partners, Mr Homfray and Mr Fothergill, had liberally given up their interest in the lease, and he (Sir Charles) would give the freehold for ever. Sir Charles said he had a plan drawn by Mr Jerrad of Cheltenham, but he had no preference for this if one should be proposed that would answer better. School rooms to bold 200 boys, 200 g-irls, and 150 infants, could not be erected at a small expense, and when the docks and other improve- ments were completed an increase of population would he the consequence. The education of the children of the poor must therefore be provided for, and lie (Sir C. Morgan) wou'd give £ 100. towards the building and t50. for fitting it up. A series of resolutions were put and carried. The 1st resolution was proposed by the Rev.Jnrr.cs Francis, and seconded by the Rev. C. Salusbury, Bart. The 2nd was proposed by Thomas Powell, Esq and seconded by the Rev. A. A. Isaacson. The 3rd was proposed by the Rev. Taylor, and seconded by H. Justice, Esq. The 4th was proposed by Thomas Cooke, Esq., and seconded by Dr. Gwiilim. The 5th was proposed by Thomas Hughes, Esq,, and seconded by Mr T, Hawkins. The 6th was proposed by T. J. Phillip*, Esq., and seconded by William Williams, Esq., and- Esq., and seconded by Mr Sallows. The 7th was proposed by Thomas Phillips, jun., Mr PHILLIPS, in moving the seventh resolution, spoke at great length and very ably contrasted the education of children in this with that of foreign countries; linpiessing en the minds of those present the necessity of educating the children of the poor. The cost of building the school rooms, with a house for the master and mistress, was calculated at £ ],' 00. Mr Phillips then explained thestateof the funds, £ 300 had been given by the society, there was ZI 00 in hand, arising from the Girls National School, and J"]õO was the handsome subscription ofSir C. Morgan, Bart. Mr P. then read a letter from S. Homfray, Esq. surrender- ing- his interest in the ground with a-donation ofitIO, expressing the pleasure he always felt in promoting the welfare of Newport; he also read a letter from the Bishop of the Diocese, enclosing £ 10; his lordship regretted that he could not do mora in consequence of the frequent demands- upon him. He had just given £200 towards the enlargement of the church at Chepstow. Mr P. in concluding, read a report which was accepted and agreed to. Sir Charles Morgan having left the Chair, which was filled by the Rev, James Coles, WILLIAM" BREWER, Esq moved a vote of thanks to Sir Charles Morgan, seconded by the Rev. R. A. ROBERTS, which- was carried by acclamation. Thanks were then voted to Mr Thomas Phillips, jun., for the trouble he had taken on the occasion. A subscription list was then opened, and upwards of .£200 contributed, making, with the sums be- fore mentioned, £750. The plan obtained by Sir Charles Morgan was exhibited in the room, and gave general satisfaction, but it was supposed by some of the gentlemen pre- sent, that the building, if finished agreeably to the drawing, would cost more than the sum named. The dimensions were. Girls School Room 50 feet by 25 Boys ..50 30 Itifants .51-6 17 The meeting then separated, evidently well pleased with the proceedings of the day. The Monmouth Assizes, before Barons Alderson and Gurney, will commence on Wednesday, the 28th of March. EBBW VALB.—A NEW TEMPERANCE SocrETY.- A Temperance Society has been formed at this place, which fairly promises to outdo all societies of the kind. The first meeting was held on Saturday night last, when a groat many stgned their names, and several of those who bad already joined the Teetotal Society, applied to have their names enrolled as members, but were not admitted till they had spent the time they bad engaged themselves to the latter society. It is fully expected that this society will do much good, as not only several of the most abandoned drunkards in the place have already joined it, but many who may be properly called the 41 Two-or-tbree- gallons-a-day-fol ks. It is to be feared that many of the latter will find considerable inconvenience from the reduced regimen. The rules are,-that each mem- ber is allowed to drink-in a public house-two pints of beer every day in the week, except Sunday, on which day they are not allowed to visit any place for the sale of spirits or beer, and any member found transgressing those rules is to he fined two shillings and sixpence for each offence. The society is to be named after the American fashion-" The-two-pints- a-day-Temperance-Society." Another meeting iscafled for next Friday evening. All the publicans in the place, great and small, are pretty considerably alarmed, and are already beginning to act on the defensive, by refusing to sell barm or grains to any member of such society. TREDEGAR, Jan. 29.-William Llewellyn, alias Will Doxey, of Beaufort Works, was this day brought before Samuel Homfray, Esq., at the Town Hall in Tredegar, for breaking into a store-house of Messrs. Bailey, on the morning of Sunday the 14th inst, and was fully committed, on the oath of Stephen Davies and others, to take his trial at the next Assizes for this oounty. There are at this moment no less than five cases for house-breaking, one for sheep stealing, and one for rape, from the parish of Bedwellty, awaiting the Assizes. The man, Henry Phillips, who was fully committed on the Coroner's warrant for stabbing Joseph Baker at Sirhowey, to take his trial for manslaughter, died in Monmouth Gaol about ten days since. Mr Richard Jenkins, jun. of Newport, passed his examination, and was admitted a member of the London Royal College of Surgeons, on Friday last, the 26th ult. On the 27th ult., a fine ship was launched from the yard of Mr William Perkins, builder, Newport. She is about 3S0 tons register, and surpasses any vessel ever built at that port in size, model and materials. She is intended for the East India trade, and was taken in tow immediately by a steamer for Bristol to be rigged, &c. At a petty sessions held, for the division of New- port, at the Tredegiir Arms Inn, in the village of Bassalleg, on Tuesday last, Present, James Coles, Clerk, and Octavius Morgan, Esquire. Thomas Cross, of the parish of Risca, a common brewer and beer house-keeper, was convicted in the penalty of 40s. and costs, for permitting persons to be guilty of drunkenness and disorderly conduct in his house, during the night of the 20th January last. It appeared in evi- dence, that the house was kept open during the whole of Saturday night, and until sun-rise on Sunday morning. It was ou the. same night Mr Charles Phillips, a gentleman residing in the neighbourhood, had his poultry stolen; and it was proved that John Lewis, the person who h is since been committed to take his trial at the next Assizes, for stealing the poultry, was drinking at Cross's house until twelve clock, and there is 110 doubt that the scheme for the robbery was there concerted, and that the schemes for most of the robberies and outrages committed are concocted in beer-houses. It would be highly praise- worthy in magistrates, if they were to require petty constables and other police officers to be more vigilant of the conduct of the keepers of such houses. Opportunities enough are afforded (if constables did their duty) to make examples that would greatly benefit the public; and the magistrates, acting for this division, are determined in future most rigidly to put in force that law by which they are empowered to punish the sellers of beer by retail, who do not keep good order and rule in their houses. [So long as beer houses are suffered to exist, to the great injury of public morals, and in too many in- stances as the nigbly thieves of every de- scription, from the petty depredator of the hen- roost to the daring and reckless housebreaker, it is only by the vigilance of the police and the judicial severity of the Magistrate, that these abo- minations can be held in check. The country cries out loudly for the extirpation of this great pest, and if the workmen, and more especially the families of workmen, knew their own interest, they would be tho first to join in a petition to the Legislature, either to abolish these nuisances altoge- ther, or to place them under such restriction as would take from dishonesty all temptation to keep, and from knavery all inducement to frequent them. .rtOn :8a2tttt.
BRECOX, Saturday, Feb. 3, 1838. .0-- As the period of the Committees on the con- tested Election comes Oil. we must press upon all Conservatives the importance nay, the imperious duty of assisting the Fund. There are now no less than twenty-five seats disputed. The Committee in London have distinctly de- clared that in no instance have they given aid to the petitions but when they had full and satisfactory evidence that the claimants had a right to succeed, and wanted only funds to enable them to establish that right. Twenty- four seats would extinguish the perjurers at once, fling out the imbeciles of the Cabinet, cut short Lord Melbourne's courtship in high places, strip Lord John Russell of the £5.000 a year on which that smallest of Statesmen exists aud which he values more than a statue on the top of the pyramids, place a constitu- tional Government in power, and drive Papists out of Parliament for ever. JUmi soil il — .A H meeti"S wa5 this dav held at the Town Hall, Cnckhowel, to settle the Rules of a Prosecution Association for the Hundred of Crickhowel, an Institution which promises to be well supported. Mr Thomas William?, printer, of Crickhowel, has been appointed Superintendent Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages, in the room of E. Davie? Esq., resigned.
THE ARMY. Major Biggs, 7th Hussars, and Lieutenant Ham- mersley, 1st Dragoon Guards, accompanied bv Vete- rinary Surgeon Johnston, two corporals, and four privates, embarked at Liverpool on Tuesday for America, or the purpose °f buying horses to remount the cavalry 1!^ ?anada- This does not look like a coun- termand for tins part of the force, as reported. mi>ntpd*sl"IleiltS °f cavalry are to be immediately aue- h>?«" c-™" nT^ ™r lhe" Private letters received announce the safe arrival of the sprvice companies of the 65th Regiment at Halifax from Lieutenant Nicolay of the 99th Regiment, who so unfortunately perished in the wreck of the Killarnev steamer a few days ago on the coast of Cork, was second son of Sir William Nicolay, Governor of the Mauritius and a young officer of great promise.
By order of the municipality, thermometers of large dimensions have recently been placed in different quarters of Paris. The Queen within these few days has written a etter to the Earl of Munster, expressing her Intenuon 10 ContInue to the children of her dear and deeply regretted unole, the same allowance given to them by him, viz., £ 1200 per annum to each of the sons and £ 500 per annum to each of the daughters—Mommy Chronicle. Th. rumours of an alarming mortality, in t e ouse of Industry at Coventry, originating, we believe, in a Warwick Paper, and transferred to »i.i Tn' i1 Journals- is> we are happy to find, without foundation. A new writ was last night moved for Galway, m the room of Mr Lynch, appointed, it is under- stood, Master in Chancery, in the room of the late L Mr Roupell. Mr Lyr.ch is a Roman Catholic, son- in-law of the late celebrated Charles Butler, the Roman Catholic barrister. RETORT.—A very loquacious female witness whom the opposing Counsel could not silence, so ftir kept him at bay. that, by way of browbeating her, he exclaimed, Why, woman, there is brass enough in your face to make & kettle!" And sauce enough in yours (she instantly rejoined) to 611 it." —
TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE & GUARDIAN, SIR,—Permit me through the medium of your Journal to ask "Sirius," when he says, "If a fluid is subject to heat it increases in bulk, absorbing a portion of the heat which resides in it in two different states, sensible or 4herniornetric, and latent. The latent heat is that which contributes to the expansion of the fluid, without becoming perceptible to our senses, &c." How it can be proved by experiment that it is latent heat" and not sensible heat that contributes to the expansion of the fiuill;) or how it may be demonstrated that a-ny body can absorb heat, (that is, render it latent) otherwise than by a change of state, such as from solid to liquid, and from that to the gaseous form ? The reason I have delayed putting these questions, is owing to the repugnance felt at probably becoming the cause of a protracted and per- haps useless controversy. But as his assertion is still inexplicable, U Sirius," will, I hope, excuse me. D." in your last number, states,—"A ball thrown across the deck of a ship will cross at rijht angles if thrown by a person on board, but otherwise if thrown from the adjoining land." At right angles" to what ? We can only suppose he means the course or path of the ship, or the sides, which may be considered to be all parallel to each other. Well, then, as it is with those two lines, forming the continuation of the sides of the ship, that we are at present involved we will suppose a ball to be in motion on one of them, if it be urged by a force at right angles to its former course, (as it would be by a person standing on one side of a ship and aiming at a mark directly opposite,) it will leave that and take a route compounded of the two forces. This will be the diagonal line to a figure having its length one way equal to the breadth of the ship, and the other way, equal to the distance passed over by the ship during the time oc. cupied by the ball in its transit. It will be evident, hat if the object be travelling at the same rate on the other line, (that is, the one formed by the routine action of the opposite side of the ship,) that it will be exactly in the point where the diagonal line crosses at that time, and, consequently, will be struck. So that a sportsman may take a fair mark if the bird perches upon the rig- ging, but if standing on the adjoining land he must make proper allowance for the motion of the ship. A very familiar instance of this is, that of a bag thrown from a coach in rapid motion every coachman knows, from experience, that it is of no use fQr him to aim at the place where it is intended the letter bag should alight. Persons leaping from a vehicle moving rapidly along, instead of alighting easily upon their feet, find, to their astonishment, that they are thrown headlong in the road, by some invisible power. In the case of a ball crossing those lines, when thrown from the land, it will pass them at right angles, for as there is then only or+e force urging it forward it will take the course in which it is directed, and as this di- rection is at right angles to these lines, it will, conse- quently, cross them also at right angles. From what has been said it will easily be perceived that these two motions of the ball with respect to the ships path, will be tsactly the reverse of what D." states them to be, I had thought thftt an explanation by if Rinus," on this point, in a late number, was sufficient. If D." considers that the balloon," and every thing attached to it, has the motion of the earth commu- nicated to it before it leaves the surface, he will not be surprised to find that the ball" when separated from it, and allowed to descend by the force of gravity, will be subject to exactly the same laws as if let faU from the top of a tover the atmosphere, moreover, in the highest regions, revolves with the earth, and, conse- quently, the similarity between these two starting posts is not to be questioned. D." will easily perceive that the case would be very different with a body entering the atmosphere from without. Trusting that I have not trespassed on your tims too long, I remain, Yours obediently, Beaufort, Jan 31, 1838. ALGOL. P. S.—Perhaps some, of your correspondents will ex- plain, in a familiar manner, the cause of the deposition of dew on the surface of the earth, and why it should fall more copiously at spme parts of the year than at the other ? Likewise the cause of the production of hoar frost. and the reason why rain sometimes (as in a late instance) freezes the instant it reaches the ground. 1 r .## •. -i.—
MR O'COXNELL AND THE TRADES UNION. Mr O'Conncll finds the Dublin workpeople difficult to manage. The consequence of his attempt to put down the system of combination among the tradesmen of that city, has been to raise a formidable storm of opposition against himself. A meeting summoned by the Lord Mayor, on the requisition of Mr O'Conncll and several other gentlemen, was held on Saturday wedk, at the Royal Exchange, for the purpose of passing resolutions against the combinations of the workmen Saturday was an inconvenient day for the workpeople to attend and, moreover, a charge of a shilling was made to every person on admission. Nevertheless, the workmen as- sembled in considerable numbers, and formed the majority of the meeting. Mr O'Connell, baving mis- taken the hour of the meeting, did not arrive till nearly- one, instead of twelve o'clock. His absence increased the prevailing ill-liumour. Twelve resolutions were to be proposed but only the first, which condemned combin ir tion of workmen in general terms, was carried. Tha second specifically condemned the practice of limiting the number of apprentices, and enforcing an uniform rate of wages. Mr O'Connell and other gentlemen sup- ported the resolution, amidst clamour, directed princi- pally against O'Connell, who was assailed with the most opprobrious terms of abuse. One of the workmen wished to move an amendment to the resolution, to the effect that masters and workmen should be left to settle their own differences without the interference of others. He asked the Lord Mayor first, and then Mr O'Connell, put to the resolution in proper shape for him; but Mr O'Connell declared that such a resolution would be illegal, and the Lord Mayor refused to put it. As it was evidently impossible to carry the original resolution, Mr O'Connell moved an adjournment of the meeting; and the Lord Mayor quitted the chair, amidst a storm of hisses and shouts. A scene of frightful confusion ensued during which some of the trades made a rush at Mr O'Connell; who, however, was immediately sur- rounded by most of the gentlemen present, and con. ducted safely out of the room, amid shouts and execra- tions from the mob. When Mr O'Connell got into his coach, he drove away amid the cheers of his friends, ancl the groans of such of the trades as were near the Spot. The House of Commons has ordered to be printed the Further Extracts from the Canada Correspon- dence of the Colonial Office," presented on Saturday. Some of the papers included in this order have already found their way to the public, through the columns of the Standard, and other newspapers. But one document (the first in the collection) now appears for the first time, and it possesses a very great interest—it is Sir Francis Head's repoK of the rise and fall of the Upper Canada rebellion. We have seldom, if ever, met with a state paper possessing such a charm of tone and style. wholly independent of the magnitude of the affair of which it treats-the unaffected simplicity with which Sir Francis inculcates the most profound politics, and the modesty with which he seems to repel praise, for the vast objects that he has accomplished, in circum- stances that would plunge any common mind into despair, assert his claims to rank in the higher order of men. All the merit of putting down a rebellion with- out means, he ascribes to his "noble province We think that that noble province-and such it truly has proved-will acknowledge that at least for tha facility and completeness of their triumph, they have to thank their noble governor." Upon the other papers, that have not yet appeared in our columns, we may offer some remarks to-morrow. In two or three days Sir Francis Head found himself at the head of 12,000 volunteers, some of whom (the Newcastle men) had marched on foot without other appointment than their ordinary clothing, 100 miles through the snow and the f forest! We need have littlp fear for Upper Canada.— S'andard. (We shall probably give the document t4 which the Standard refers in our 3aext.] Sir Francis Burdett gave notice some time ago, that he would, on the first of February, move for the appoint- ment of a select committee to inquire into the circum- stances relating to the affray at Rathcormac." The W hi. Ministers have adjourned the House of Commons till the second of February, Their object, undoubtedly, is, by that manofuvre, to get rid of Sir Francis Burden's troublesome motion! The authority of the law was resisted at Rathcormac, as decidedly as the authority of the law has been resisted in Upper or Lower Canada. The Whigs are preparing, at a tremendous cost, to send out a dictator and an army, to repair the effects of re- bellion in Canada; yet the Whigs are afraid to grant a simple Parliamentary inquiry into the act of rebellion that was perpetrated at Rfcthcanuac!
BIRTHS. January 15th, at Gogerddan, Cardiganshire, the lady of Pryse Pryse, jtun,, Esq.of a spn and heir. On Wednesday last, the wife of Mr David Joseph, Globe Inn, Merthyr, of a daughter. MARRIED. On the 2oth ultimo, S. A. Yearsly, Esq., Solicitor, Cheltenham, to Miss VI. A. Thomas, of Cowbridge, and niece of Dr. Howell, M.D. of Clifton. Lately, by the Rev. Andrew Reid, D.D., R. V. Ellis, Esq., of London, to Miss Elizabeth Lloyd, sister toMrr Thomas Lloyd, hop merchant, of Nantyglo. DIED. January 19th, George Boone Roupell, Esq., one of the Masters in the 'Court of Chancery. Jan. 21, Vice-Admiral the Hon. Philip Wodehouse, second son of the late Lord Wodehouse. Rk^Ad Worsle-v' Esq., Vice-Admiral of the \Y hitpj aged 70. On the 28th of Januarv, at his residence, Saint Jhn's c Mount, Brecon, aged, 49, Gabriel Powell, Esq. On the 20th ult. aged 77, Mr Timothy Martin. He was Agent to the Penydarran Iron Company 34 years. On the 27th ult universally beloved, aged 20, Letitia Selby, third daughter of the late John Davies, Llan- donock, in the county of Pembroke, and sister of Mrs A. Marsden, of Merthyr. On Saturday, the 27th Jan., after four days' illness, Henry Bevan, only child of Mr David Jones, lower Shop, Merthyr, aged two years. On Mondav last, Mr Thomas James, late ef thai: Wern, aged 74 years. He was the oldest blast furnace builder in Wales. At Swansea, on Saturday last, of apoplexy, Mrs Guy, the deservedly and highly respected landlady, for many years, of the White Hart, Wind-street, in that town. At Swansea, on Wednesday last, much respected, MrsMobby.who for a long time carried on the spirit business in Castle-street. On Wednesday, the 24th January, at Pontypool, Mr George Fisher, late manager of Blaendare Iron Works, at the age of 49 years. On the 28th January, at Newport, Monmouthshire, at the age of 6 years, after severe suffering from scarlet fever, to the inexpressible grief of her doatinp parents, Margaret Henrietta, youngest daughter of J. W, JotJ.e Esq., surgeon.