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6Umorgaui0titre. The Lihcrals, with their usual consistency, arc clamorous for the B illot, as a protection to tenants against the tyranny of their landlords. According to them, all tenants who vote for their landlords (if those landlords happen to be Conservatives) must necessarily be enslaved and degraded beings. This doctrine well becomes the Liberals of Glamorganshire. We would beg to ask them one plain question. Where would "Hobson's choice" have been, without the votes of his friend's tenantry. It is notorious that it was by the tenants of Whig landlords that he was inflated" to the bottom of the poll; three-fourths of those votes would have been given for Talbot and Adare," had it not been for the influence of those landlords who perfectly understand doing what they please with their own." We do not blame Mr. Talbot, for instance, for exerting his just influence with his numerous and prosperous tenantry in favour of a candidate of his own principles; still less do we blame the tenantry for voting with their landlord but it certainly does roquire the political effrontery of a Liberal to complain of tenants for acting thus in this county. But it is with this subject just as with that most awkward and vexatious system of objections to votes under the Reform Act. As long as it works well for the Liberal party we never hear a word on the subject from them the very first moment that the Conservatives avail themselves of it, the Liberals begin to discover that it is utterly inadequate to the purpose;" "unsuited to the genius of the age; capable of being used for the worst purposes;" and has so many faults that the whole thing must be altered so as to give them some petty ahd temporary advantage, which they always find it impossible to retain in opposition to the property, education, and religious feelings of the country. The Lord Bishop of Llanrlaff arrived yesterday at DuflTryn, the seat of J. Bruce Pryce, Esq., pre- vious to me oramauon. 111S Lordship, this day, delivers his charge to the candidates, who will be ordained in the cathedral to-morrow. There are nine candidates for priests' orJers, and six for deacons.' We were misinformed as to the visitors at Dunraven Castle. We regret to state that Capt. James Clarke Ross, R.N, has not joined the party, having been attacked by small pox whilst carrying on some mag- netic observations in the Isle of Man. The gentle- men stated by our correspondent to be "Messrs Hamilton and Sabine," are Sir William Hamilton, Astronomer Royal in Ireland, one of the first mathe- maticians of the present day, and formerly Lord Adare's tutor, and Major Edward Sabine, who accompanied Parrv on his polar expedition, and is well known for his magnetic observations. Mr Williams, of Abcrpergwm, Chairman of the Reform Registration Society, of Neath, and the ad- vocate of the ballot, voted a plumper far Lord Adare. Lord Adare received 1,738 promises of plumpers, and 1,701 polled for him. In this respect Glamorgan may cliallengo comparison with any county in the kingdom BEAU NASH.—From a Memoir of this celebrated gentleman, published in Bentley's Miscellany," we learn that his birth-place was Swansea, his school Carmarthen, and his college, Jesus, Oxford. Thus adding another lesser light to Cambrian Biography. CARDIFF THEATRE.—Mrs. Woulds, the rcipccted manageress and talented actress, takes her benefit on Monday next, with a most inviting and attractive bill of fare, sufficient in itself to fill the house, had she no other claims; but the duties of her situation are so admirably performed, and so highly appreciated by the town and neighbourhood, that she inay con- fidently anticipate a bumper house. "#I'##I'# (For the Merthyr Guardian.) CARDIFF TJlEATRE. Ion.This beautiful tra- gedy, the production of the classic pen of Mr Scrj. Talfourd, and which has been deservedly ranked amoag the most strikingly effective dramatic effusions of modern times, was performed at our theatre for the first on Monday night, to a full and fashionable audience, and with the most unbounded applause. We were happy, on this occasion at least, to see the unwearied exertions of our excellent and spirited manager, Mr Woulds, to cater for the refined taste of our rapidly rising town, in some degree rewarded, and it was evident that neither expence nor anxiety on his part, nor on the part of his admirable corps dramatique had been spared. Of the splendid imagery, the lofty conception, the poetic genius, and the touch- ing pathos which characterise the arrangement of this magnificent drama, as well as of the glowing language in which it is clothed, we shall forbear to speak; nor shall we give eve:1 an outline of the drama itself; for we feel that beautiful as it intrinsically is, yet that it is not by readers in the columns of a newspaper, but by listeners to the life, on the stage of the theatre of our county town, that its beauties can be appreci- ated. Suffice it to say then, that the scenery, dresses, and decorations were admirably appropriate. O'er brawny limbs, and foreheads passing fair, The Toga, Tunic, Chaplet-all were there." The acting of Mr CowIe, as Adrastus, was majestic. This gentleman's conception of the character of the Kingof Argos,his graceful attitudes and deep toned and varied vocal modulations, wercstrikinglyeffective. Mr Balmanno, as Ion, was almost equally powerful: we say almost, because throughout his chaste performance there was one, and one only, deviation which struck us as an exception: that was in the scene where he is about to assassinate his father and king. Amid what ought, we think, to be the gloom and silence of night, the chamber of meditated death glared with effulgence, and the midnight murderer spoke his mes- sage to his dreaming and unconscious victim in the voice of a Stentor, instead of breathing it onlv in a faltering whisper: this we think ought not to be,— but we may possibly be in error. Mrs D. Lee looked and acted as she always does, and that is with all the sensitive energy, blended with all the feminine ease and grace and dignity that befit either the tent of a gypsy or the palace of a monarch. Nothing could be more striking than the contrast which this lady's varied talents displayed, in the tragedy as the lovely CJementlia, and in the romantic drama which followed it, as Z trt, the gip3y. We left the theatre in a re- verie, humming to ourselves Black eyes or blue and we have ever since been more bewildered than ever as to which bear the palm and, rustically as well as classically inclined as we are, whether female beauty and versatility are most bewitching in the soft transparent glances and melting tones of Grecian loveliness, or in the deep ami glossy brunette, and in Me wild and impassioned incantations of the Gipsy Sorceress. These were the more prominent characters, and it is of them only our limits allow of our Speaking. For the rest, where all were so good, it Were invidious, even if it were possible, to select from their varied excellencies. We hope to have other opportunities of again witnessing the performance of this beautiful addition to our dramatic, lore, and .most earnestly re- commend it, with Mr Woulds" other entertainments, to our readers. We hear that the season at Cardiff is drawing to a close, and we hope and trust that the respective favourites will, at their approaching bene- fits, receive all the reward and encouragement which they could wish. It is expected that Mrs Woulds' benefit, which is fixed for Monday night next, will be an overflowing bumper. Our Pagan Saxon ancestors, says an old writer, begin their important business according to the course of tiit- iii,-oii, to wit with the increase and not with the wane. They did count time by the nights, where- of we yet retain our saying of se'nnight and fortnight, for seven nights and fourteen nights. The ages of their own lives they computed by winters, as having passed so many seasons of cold and sharp weather. Died on Wednesday, the 27th ult., aged 33, at the seat of her husband, Robert Kearsley Dawson, Esq, at North End Fulham, Ann Maria, second daughter of the Rev. Robert Nicholl, of Dimland House, Glamorganshire; who, as a daughter, wife, and mother. fulfilled most exeinplarily all the relative duties of lif, and after a protracted illness, which she endured without a murmur, yielded up her pure and guiltless spirit into the bands of her gracious Redeemer, in sure and certain hope (through his merits) of 11 the resurrection to eternal life. UNFORTUNATE ACCIDENT.-On Tuesday night last, as Mr Henry Lucas, of Uplands, Swansea, was re- turning home from his brother's at-Sitoutiltll, he waS thrown out of his gig, and found on the following morning in a state of Insensibility in the neighbour- hood of P,irkwern.-We are truly sorry to hear lhat he is in a very precarious state. LUNATICS AND IDIOTS.—The proportion which the number of pauper lunatics and idiots bears to the population generally, is greater in the agricultural, than in the manufacturing and trading districts. In Bedfordshire, it is one in 579; in Lancashire, one in i960, and the same holds good by a comparison of Oxford, Herts, &c., with York, &e. Taking the whole population of England, there is one pauper lunatic, or idiot, for every 1038 perg'jus, aud for Wales, one for every 807 persons, Wm. Jones, Esq., Bedwas Bridge, killed a fine woodcock in the parish of Rudry, on Monday, the 2nd instant. The Revising Barristers, Mr. Vaugban Williams, &c., entered on their duties yesterday morning at nine o'clock, at the Town Hall. I wns in hopes of being ablet to send you the number of Totes struck off on each side. It is impossible to give you any thing like an accurate account. About the middle of the day it was considered that each party were about equal as to the number struck out of the list. The Court con- tinued sitting till 12 o'clock last night, and com- menced this morning at 9. There are about 249 ob- jections in the town and franchise of Swansea yet to be heard, which will most likely occupy the whole day. A great number of the objections of yesterday stand over till to-day, when they are to be decided. The Court was numerously attended, and the profes- sional gentlemen on each side were most indefatigable in support of their cause. Mr. Dillwyn and Mr. Talbot appeared in the Court.-(From a Corre- spondent.) SWANSEA.—From Barmouth, the brig Radical, Anderson, master, which arrived here on the 3rd inst., passed a quantity of deals and timberabreast of Lundy Island, on the morning of Monday last. NIUMBLES.-OCt. 3rd, wind S.S. W., moderate weather, sailed, the American ship, Crawford, Law- rence, for Liverpool, and the brig Cambyses, for Gibraltar. Remaining in the roads, the Eliza Heywood, for Cadiz, and the Galatea Yatch. The brig Cubanna, Bainbridge, master, from St. Iago de Cuba, which has been detained at Swansea by the Coast Guard, stationed at this place since the aath August last, for having a large quantity of cigars on board, has been released by order of the Board of Customs, paying the seizing officer £20. HonsEs.-It is estimated that there are about two million of horses in England, worth about 25 million sterling. The total number of horses charged with duty is, in round numbers, 310,000, and the amount of duty ^430,00 >. Of this number fewer than a thousand are blood or race horses, and their contribu- tion to the revenae is mtly part of the whole. According to a list given in the Times the entire standard at Hampton Court consists of 77 horses, mares and colts.—The Statistical Journal. FA most valuable periodical, and is what it professes to be, a Record of useful knowledge."] The following gentlemen have passed their exami- nations and will be ordained to-morrow PRIESTS. Rev. Kenyon Homfray, A.B. Curate of St. Pierre, Monmouthshire. Rev. James Farquhar, A.M. Curate of Kemmeys Commander, Monmouthshire. Rev. Hopkins Hill, Curate of Llangattoc, Monmouth- shire. Rev. Henry Lynche Blo;se, A.B. Assistant Curate of Cardiff. Rev. Hely H. Rickards, A.B. Curate of Michaelston le Pit. Rev. John Hughes, Curate of St. Lythans. Rev. Richard Pendrill Llewelyn^ Curate of Glyn- corrwg. Rev. Jacob Hughes, (Lampeter,) Curate of Goitre, Monmouthshire. Rev. Charles Emmerson. Curate of Caira. Rev. G. T. Hall, A.B. Curate of Malpas. DEACONS. Rev. Richard Morgan, A.B. Assistant Curate of Llantwit Maior. Rev. Thomas Alexander Mathews, A.B. Assistant Curate of Usk. Rev. Samuel Wright, Literate, Curate of Abercarn Chapel. .#,### TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE & GUARDIAN. S[R,—I was much struck by a phrase in the speech of Mr Mostyn Pryce, in whjclfi he says that the wages of the great Irish Demagogue—" flow down to liim in a stream of blood like bubble on the Cocytus." I was reminded of a passage in Horace much to the purpose. Visendus ater flumine languido Cocytus errans, et DAN-AI genus Infame,— Yours, R. B. (piscipui.tis.) Swansea, Oct. 2,1837. "ø4>ø#J TO THF. EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE & GUARDIAN. — SIR,—The letter of your mogt'emditc and philanthro- pic correspondent Veritas," in the last Guardian, has created a very deep and general sensation in H our vil- lage;" indeed, so much so, that it is in contemplation to form a committee "to make and cause to be made" certain enquiries in the neighbourhood of the scale beams, at Taff Vale Iron Works, touching the concoction of the said epistle, which, from its elegance of style, un-pedantic phraseology, and veritable assertions, will be no easy matter, I fear and farther, if the said plurality in unity be the writer of sundry letters on the Davy Lamp, that have appeared and astonished the H coal black" world lately (how unfortunate those clever effu- sions have not CAUGHT J, as is shrewdly guessed, the com- mittee are empowered to raise funds, for the purpose of having it printed in letters of gold, framed, and hung up in Gwern-y-gerrwn barn, for the edification of the elect there assembled, and as a terror to evil writers The Reverend Messrs J. B., Me. F., W. J., and W. H., have kindly consented to superintend the enquiry, and consequent exaltation of the author; and doubtless, from such a phalanx of information and common sense, the objects of the committee will be most vigorously prosecuted. So much for the writer: now for what is. written. Save me from my friends" is not the less pungent that it is a trite expression and if Veritas's" Re verend client has seen the communication alluded to, he must have aspirated it most fervently. The boat- swain, himself, I believe, is the bestjudgeof his own cha- racter, and for whatever was unintelligible to "Veritas'' in my former note-the appropriation clause for instance- I beg to refer him to head quarters there, if he i-t an answer, he may form. his own conclusions. The "Word" was particularly "consolatory to me, inas- much as it convinced me of what I often had had doubts of, viz. that there were as great asses and knaves in the world, as are to be found at a certain chapel, not a hundred miles from the Bridgewater Arms. I would recommend Veritas" to take the gatixe off his lamp, for his light is dim, dim. In a few pOsts, probably, I shall have to tell you of the sudden conflagration of the Taff —Taff Vale Iron Works are close on it. I remain, Sir, YOUR NEWBRIDGE CORRESPONDENT. Newbridge, 5th Oct. 1837. [We do not admire the tone and spirit of the fore- going letter.But "de gustibus now," &c.] i: i: T MERTHYR. to LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTION FOR MER- THYR AND ITS NEIGHBOURHOOD. A meeting was held on Monday evening, at the Bush, pursuant to an advertisement, for the pur- pose of forming a Society having for its object the establishment of a Scientific and Literary Institution for Merthyr and its neighbourhood. The meeting was numerous and respectable. Mr Guest, M.P. took the chair. The following resolutions were adopted by the meeting, having been proposed and seconded by various gentlemen, in many instances by speeches of considerable force and talent. That it is expedient to establish in Merthyr Tydfil a Literary and Scientific Institution, which shall have for its object the dissemination of useful and practical knowledge to the various classes in this great manufac- turing district." That a Managing Committee be formed, consisting of the undermentioned persons, with po ver to add to their number, for the purpose of drawing up such rules and regulations as may be deemed proper, and that they report at an early period to a general meeting the resu t of their labours W. Meyrick H. W. Fleet W. Perkins Mr Williams, Cyfarthfa H. Scale W\ Wayne, Aberdare C. James Tho^. Evans, Dowlais J. Snow Benj. Martin, Penydarran Dr. Russell Win. Thomas, Plymouth D. W. James Morgan Williams W. Davies Mr Davies, Baptist Minister C. Powell Mr Jones, Druggist Aberdare Ed. Thomas Mr Smith, Aberdare Henry Jones Mr White, Merthyr James Russell "That the Managing Committee be instructea 10 take into consideration the propriety of treating for the as- tronomical and other instruments now in the possession of the members of the late Astronomical Society of Merthyr, and be empowered to receive subscriptions for this purpose." That Mr. T. Williams and E. L. Richards, Esq., be requested to act as Honorary Secretaries, pro tem. until the Committee have tune to appoint their own Secretary," Thanks having been voted to the Chairman by acclamation, the meeting separated. It now only remains for us to eXpress a hope that a work so auspiciously commenced will be steadily fol- lowed up, and that those for whose use and mental improvement we presume this society is primarily instituted, will avaIl themselves of the opportunities afforded them. The liberality of the Member for Merthyr entitles him to the grateful thanks of every man who feels an interest in this Society. He has placed at its disposal a valuable collection of minerals the accumulation of a favourite pursuit from his bov- bood, and we are not without hope that we shall speedily see a building, erected by a distinct public subscription fit for the reception of so valuable a pre- sent and adapted to the general objects of a Literary and Scientific Institution. Nor can we believe that the influence of Mr Guest's example will be lost on those who may have the power of aiding its objects by presents of another klnd-books-instruments- models-any thing, in short, by which the intentions of the committee and managers may be promoted. There are many gentlemen who may have in their libraries duplicates of useful works, and we are per- suaded that they will have sincere pleasure in bestow- ing them where they will be so usefully employed. The Duke of Sussex lately presented several hundred c volumes to a Literary Institution near Kensington, selected from the duplicates of his valuable library. We forbear answering, by anticipation, any objec- tion that may yet linger in honest minds to the mental cultivation of the working classes. We will content ourselves with the following extract from the number of the Statistical Journal just published. It is enti- tled the "Statistics of Crime." The number of persons committed for trial in England and Wales, in the past year 1S36, was 20,9(34. — Of these, 7033 were unable to read and write;-10,983 were able to read and write, but very iinperfectly;-2:215 could read and write well ;-191 had instruction superior to rendingawd writing;—and of 562, the degree of instruction could not be ascer- tained. .####. A meeting of the managers of tlje ^Savings' Bank of Merthyr, Dowlais, &c. was held on Wednesday last, when Thomas Forman, Esq. was elected a Trus- tee, in the room of Thos. R. Guest, Esq. We are truly happy to find that the deposits are rapidly on the increase, and amount to a very considerable sum. We are not a little pleased to hear that the money which so narrowly escaped the burglarious attempt in the house of Daniel Howels, of Cyfarthfa, has now obtained a safe lodgment in this Savings' Bank. We would avail ourselves of every opportunity of recommending workmen and others to make the ex- periment of a money deposit here, instead of throw- ing it into the dirt at beer-houses. Even so small a sum as a shilling will be received; let any man try one as a nest egg, and he will find how soon he has discovered the secret of converting silver into gold. At the late meeting of the British Association Dr. Arnottread a communication "onan Improved Safety Lamp for Coal Mines."—He commenced by observing on the frequent explosions which have occurred even with Davy's lamp, on the loss of light by the wire gauze, and with some allusions to the different attempts which have been made to improve the original apparatus as devised by Davy. The prin- ciple of his own suggestion was, that the external air should be forced into the mine by the engine used for its ventilation, and that the pipes conveying the air should terminate in the intern,which should be one of the ordinary kind, furnished with a chimney con- taining a valve opening outwards. He also explained how the principle might he applied to moveable ns well as fixed lisrljts.- Mr Ettrick made a few remarks upon Dr. Arnott's suggestion, expressive of hisdoubts as to its possibility and utility.-A communication from Dr. Turner on a safety lamp invented by Mr Leethead, was also read. The lamp is a brass cylinder with a glazed aperture; it is furnished with a hollow metalic sphere of about four inches in diameter, screwed to the bottom of the )amp, which it is pro- posed to fill with condensed oxygen gas. Of course, it would be required, that in all colleries where used, there must be a condensing apparatus and a quantity of condensed oxygen kept ready to supply the workmen. —Mr Ettrick objected to the weight of the lamp; and Mr Evans said the ventilation was so imperfect that it world become heated. ,### MERTHYR POLICE. [Before W. THOMAS, Esq.] OCT. 3.-Willimn Jenkins, a native of Pembroke- shire, was committed for trial at the next Quarter Sessions, for stealing cloth and tlannel, while in the pro- cess of manufacture, from the factory of Mr Thomas Harris,at Newbridge. It appeared that the factory was entered on the night of Monday, the 25th ult., through the aperture by which the water-wheel connects with the machinery on the inside. Tlletbicf arrived in Mer- thyr, and obtained permission to leave his ill-gotten bundle for a few days at a house near Pohtmorlais. The landlord soon finding that it contained something not very agreeable to his olfactory nerves, had the curiosity to examine the contents, when instead of working clothes, (which they liad been described to be) they turned out to be pieces of newly made flan- nel and cloth. Inquiries were made, and the robbery of the factory ascertained. The fellow true to his promise* called at the appointed time, and being re- fused the bundle, threatened to go to an attorney for a writ of restitution," but finding himself suspected he suddenly decamped, and after a hot pursuit, was taken about four miles below the town.

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