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rJJ j,):JJ:J J.J t 21 (JJ CJ.)W Co De goit* fie uftion, Bv Messrs. WHITE and SOX, At the BKMJI'O T ARMS, IN-N;, fO'HOl'TH, cn I'UKSDAY the 2tili Day of OCTOBKR, insunt, be- tween the hours of Poiir and Six o'clock, in the After- ternoon. su'ject to Conditions of Sale to be then produced. F MONMOUTHSHIRE. IOT 1.—The COPPICE of part ofCEFN MAWR j WOOD, containing about 60 Acres, (Tythe free) situate in the Hamlet, of Monkshood, together with 1510 Oak double and treble Storers, crossed with a sciibe, standing therein. LOT 2. —TWO COPPICE WOODS STANDING on part of COURT Y (iAElt FAIIM, containing 5A.1R.22P. situate in the Parish of J.anvihangel Tregmynydd. to- gether with 12 Oak double Storers. crossed with a scribe, and 27 Oak, 2 Ash, and 1 Beech Timber Trees, numbered with red paint, standing therein. LOT 3._ rvo COPPICE WOODS, on LAN- I'EVBLT FAPIM. containing 7A. OIL 4l*. situate in the Parish of Woolvesnewton, together with 244. sh, 83 Wytch, and 14 Beech Timber Trees, numbered with red painr standing therein and on the Lantis adjoininv. LOT 4 —The GUEAT and LITTLE LEVOX WOODS, containing3SA. 3R. 35P. situate in the Parishes of Mitchel Trov. and Penalt, with 40 Oak, 17 Ash, and 7 "Wytch double Storers, crossed with a scribe, standing therein. LOT a.-The COPPICE of TROY PARK, con- taininsj 47A. 2R 25P. situate in the Parish of Mitchel Trov, together with 175 Oak and 30 Ash double Storers, and 9 Beech Timber Trees, crossed with a scribe, and all the unmarked Larch and Firs therein. LOT 6.—The COPPICE of TROY ORLES, and a small Wood adjoining,containing together 45A. 2R.24P. situate in the Parish of Mitchel Troy, with 110 Oak, 44 Ash, 5 Wytch, and two Beech, double Storers, crossed with a scribe, standing therein. GLOUCESTERSHIRE. LOT 7.-TheCOPPICEofCWMSBURY WOOD, containing about 11 Acres, situate on the Dag House Farm, in the Parish of Tidenham, together with 500 Oak double and treble Storers, crossed with a scribe, standing therein. LoT 8. — Three COPPICE WOODS, called MONKREDDING, the ROUND WOOD, and REEKES'S G ROVE, containing together, 20A. 3R. OP. situatein the Parish of Woolastone, with 400 Oak double and treble Storers. and 19 Beech Timber Trees, crossed with a scribe, standing therein. H. There will be reserved in Lot 7, 60 Conls of Wood, and in Lot 8, 1*20 Cords, for the use of the A hbey Tintern Iron Works, for which the Purchasers will be allowed 53. 6d. per Cord. Noel Stinchcomb, of Usk, will shew I.ot 1 John Powell, of the Devauden, Lots 2 and 3; George Godwin, of Trov Lodge, Lots 4. 5, and 6 and William Thurston, of the "Chase House, Tidenham, Lots 7 and 8 further Particvlars may be known on application at Troy House, or of the Auctioneers, at Coleford, BOROUGH OF MERTHYR Co fit ZHupoartr of, WITH IMMEDIATE POSSESSION, A HOUSE and SHOP, most desirably situate in the centre of the High Street, and exactly opposite the New Market Place; together with the ST tCK con- sisting of Second-hand Wearing Apparel, Down and Feather Beds, &c. &c. The present Tenant ha occupied the premises for the last Twenty-five years, during which time he has carried en a most lucrative business: ill health alone compels him now to give it up. Tbe House is commodious, with a good Garden behind, and the I!ent moderate. For further particulars, apply to Mr Henry Lyon, High Street. Meithyr. GLAMORGANSHIRE. Co be Itct, Within a short distance of the Taff Vale Railway and the Glamorganshire Canal, UPWARDS of 700 Acres, within a ring fence, of V.iluhle MINERAL PROPERTY, abounding in Coal. Ironstone, and Fire-Clay, of superior quality. A Vein of this Coal is now working by Level, for the use of the neighbourhood, under a strong roof asd cutting large. For further particulars apply, by letter, post paid, to -Nlr F.. P. itiebards, Solicitor, Cardiff.. CRICKIIOWELL. kro fit Urt, FOR A TERM OF YEARS, A COMMODIOUS FAMILY RESIDENCE, corn. manding a beautiful view of the River Usk "od adjoining Scenery, with Coach-House, Stable, and Two Acres of Land, including Garden and Shrubbery- For further particulars. apply, if by Letter, post paid, to Mr Hi-nry Morgan, Auctioneer, Crickhowell. Part of the Furniture may be taken by appraisement if desirable. IMPORTANT PUBLICATIONS FOR MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT, AND OF THE LEGAL PROFESSION, AND OTHERS BY GEORGE BRAMWF.LL, INNER TEMPLE, Parliamentary Agent. 1. rpHE MANNER OF PROCEEDING ON | BILLS IN" THE HOUSE OF COMMONS, 4to, £ 1 5s. 4to, £1 5s. This Publication is thus mentioned in the LITERARY GAZETTE of 18th May, 1833: "This most necessary and valuable Treatise will be found essentially tisefil to every Member of Parliament, and to every one having Parliamentary business to transact. It is at once an excellent guide and a perfect authority." \nd in the GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE of 1st Ju!y 1833: The author of this very valuable tome has probably given it to the world in the spirit of the great lexico- grapher. content to pioneer away for others through difficulties and obstructions, which they only can appre- ciate who follow him in the path he has made so plain and straight. To he thoroughly master of the whole book is the obvious interest of every one who pretends to the name of a Senator. It is a complete Digest of one branch of Parliamentary Law, an arrangement and classification of materials collected from various sources, forming a work which should be the study of every Mpmber of Parliament, and have a place in the library of every Law Student. Nor is it scarcely less worthy of perusal by the general reader, who lays any claim to the title of intelligent.■' And in the TiMES of 26th December 1833 r This is a work which must prove invaluable to Mem. bprs of Parliament and persons interested in Private Bills. It has always been a matter of regret that the great Parliamentary authority, Hatsell, has only inciden- tally noticed the proceedings on Bills in Parliament, although the subject is of snfficient interest and importance to have demanded a separate treatise. The inconve- nience of this omission will no longer be felt, for the present volume supplies all the information which can be obtained upon that point. and which has been collected from the Journals of Parliament and books of reference with extraordinary care and industry, and arranged in a clear, methodical manner. In a work of this nature, the arrangement of the matter is a point of no incon- siderable importance, and we think that the admirable classification of the great variety of materials which enter iuto the composition of Mr Bramwell's book cannot fail to render it of great practical utility. We conclude by recommending every Member of the House of Commons, who wishes to make himself acquainted with an important brinch of that intricate and difficult-to-be-understood subject, the business of The House, to procure a copy of this work." Since the original Publication in 1S33, to which the above criticisms apply, a Supplement has been added, comprising 200 pages, mostly on points which have re- cently occurred in practice, without any addition to the price. It also contains a Plan for improving the form of Acts of Parliament, particularly those comprised in the nu- nierolis and important classes under which local improve- ments are effected and for consolidating the ordinary provisions, when improved, i-nto one Act, which would considerably reduce the length, and expense of such Acts, and establish one uniform well-considered general law. instead of local laws on the same subject, varying according to the judgment and taste of the frarner of the Bill. It would be a great relief to the Legislature, and afford a great assistance in preparing such Bills. 2. ANALYTICAL TABLE of the PRIVATE ACTS passed between 1727 and 1834. 2 vols. El 10s. The 2nd vol. alone, 10s. ) bis Table is constructed upon anew plan, combining the three chief methods of arrangement, chronological, alphabetical, and according to the subject-matter, and mutually assisting each other whereby the search may be made in less than one-twentieth part of the time, and with more certainty than in any other table now in use. To this table are added a classification of the Estate Acig, under a 148 separate heads, Alphabetical Indices to the Estate and Inclosure Acts, and a full explanation of the modern Division of Acts of Parliament. s. DIGEST of the SEVEN ACTS for BUILD- ING CHURCHES in ENGL AND, with postenpt point- ing out how the future operations of the Two great Institutions of Building Churches would be paralized, if Church Rates were repealed. Second Edition, 3s. The First Edition, comprising the two earliest Acts, is in substance inserted in the 1st vol. of Burn's Ecclesias- tical Law, Edition 1834. Note by the Learned Editor. The following Abstract of the complicated provisions of these Acts is principally taken from Mr Bramwell's excellent Digest of these Acts, to which tbe Reader is in particular recommended for a more exlerided reference." 4. A CLASSIFICATION of all the CLAUSES in the fisting GENERAL TURNPIKE ACTS for ENG- LAND, omitting the repealed and repealing Clauses, ,which are referred to at the end. Is. This Classification is intended as a substitute for a Consolidation of the Turnpike Code, comprising 13 Acts. It will save the Student of the Turnpike Laws days of painful study. „ „ Sold by Clarke, Portugal-Street; Butterworth, 7, t .^i'Leet-streec; Cadeil, 141, Strand; Payne and Foss, "Fill Mall; Hivingtons, St. Paul's Churchyard Alld '■^Vioerloo-pUce t IUld Jiatcbard; 100, Piccadilly, s-u V ? rm,lm I R. PARKINSON, SURGEON-DENTIST, (O' j,\jL No. 3, Prince's Ruildings, Bath, and brother i. Nlr J. Parkinson, of Sackville Street, London.) begs to inform his patients that he has REMOVED his Pro- fessional RESIDENCE in BRISTOL, from N". 26 to No. 12, PARK H EET, where he UJay now be consulted EVERY MONDAY. [A CARD.] SH. WITHERS begs leave to inform the N<>- • bility, Gentry, and Public generally, ot the County of Glamorgan, that he will have for SALE, on THURSDAY next, the l"2th instant, (in addition to a numerous Catalogue for the usual Weekly Sale), 12 or i4 FltESH YOUNG IRISH HORSES, and respect- fully invites the inspection of Gentlemen who are not vet suited for the approaching season, as among them will lie found several Hunters of a superior description. Bristol Horse Baiaar, 6:h October, 1837. CD.11 :.v.:J Lr:J 2iJ<D?2} L! :g !J!J A LI. PERSONS are requested TO REFRAIN FROM SHOOTING, or otherwise TRESPAS- SING, on the Lauds of J. Bruce Pnce, and J. H. Allen, P'sqrs: in the Parishes of Aberdare and Llanwonno, and the lands of C. K. Tynte, Esq., ia the Hamlet of Cefn- pennar. Also, from the Pantycerdinen, Cwmbach, and Craig- Gilfach Fauns, belonging to the Marquis of Rllte; Ffynon y Gog, the Property of the Honourable R. H. Clive the Farms of Tyrlletty-Jcnkin, Abercwmboi, and Abernant-y-sros lssa, in the said Parish of Aherdare; and the Lands belonging to the Miskin Estate, and N. V. E. V aughan, Esq., iu the Vale of Cyuou, in the said Parish of Liaawontto. All unauthorized Persons found Trespassing, after this Notice, will be punished according to f.aw. Dytfryn, Aberdare, Sept. 29th, IS37. SUBSCRIPTION I AID OF na EHESTIOiM RETHTBGMS. AT a Meeting bold; Wednesday, August 30, 1837, at the London Coffee House,Ludgate Hill, ANDREW SPOTTISWOODE, Esq., in the Chair. It was resolved- That a Subscription be now entered into, in aid of the expenses of the Dublin and other Irish election petitions, and that, with a view to invite the contributions of all classes, it is expedient to request only ONE SOVEREIGN from each person, without, however, refusing larger or smaller donations if offered. The following gentlemen have consented to act as a Committee for the disposal of the funds so obtained :— Edw. Smith Bigg, Esq. John Masterman, Jun. Esq. Edward Baldwin, Esq. P. C. Moore, Esq. John Barwise, Esq. Samuel Oliver, Esq. Colonel Clitherow. Will. Paynter, Esq. Nath. Clifton, Esq. J. D. Powles, Esq. R. B. Follett, Esq. Rich. Ramsden, Esq. Sir John Gibbons, Bart. J. M. Strachan, Esq. Thomas Hamilton, Esq. Dan. T. Shears, Esq. Oliver Hatgreave, Esq. Andrew Spottiswoode,Esq. Henry Hoare, Esq. R. B. Seeley, Esq. John Hooper, Esq. Edwin W. Scadding, Esq. R. Lambert Jones, Esq. Thos. Walford, Jun. Esq. Geo, HerbertKinderley ,Esq Treasurre.—John Masterman, Jun. Esq. ( A long list of Subscribers follows.) The Committee have also to acknowledge, with thanks, the offer of several of the country Conservative Journals, to advertise the subscription free of charge. The Committee trust that the Conservatives in the leading towns of the ehipire will, without delay, form Local Committees, and obtain subscriptions in their own neighbourhoods. Subscriptions are received by Messrs. Masterman and Co., Nicholas Lane; Messrs. Praeds and Co., Fleet Street; and Messrs. Herries, Farquhar, and Co., St. James's Street. Subscriptions will also be received in Merthyr, at the GI ARDIAN Office. NEWBRIDGE CHURCH. THE COMMITTEE (or superintenilinlr the Erec- JL tion of GLYN TAFF (NEWBRIDGE) CHURCH, are compelled to make a further appeal to Christian benevolence for this appeal they will briefly state the reasons. The ground for the Church was the gift of B. Hall, Esq., It. P. It was supposed from the nature of the soil, not only that a sure foundation would be ained, but that stone sufficient for the building would be pro- cured. In this expectation the Committee were disap- pointed. and a quarry was opened at an additional cost of CWO, The Contract was scarcely signed when ma. teria!s and labour advanced 10 per cent, causing a further expence of 1200. The objects for which funds are now required are, making the approaches to the Church, building a boundary wall-and securing the congrega- tion from the danger and inconvenience of damp, by a warm air apparatus. The first stone was laid in September of last year, the Church will be ready for consecration in November next. On this simple statement of facts, the Committee feel assured that the Christian liberality which enabled then. so speedily to commence the work and carry it on thus far, will not fail them for its completion. J. BRUCE PRYCE. Chairman. GEORG I-, THOMAS. LlandafI Court, Treasurer. C. S. IRVINE, Secretary. ADDITIONAL SUBSCRIPTIONS. f. s. d. J. Bruce Pryce, 2nd Subscription 25 0 0 Miss Jane Traherne, Wenvoe Cottage. 5 0 0 J. J. Guest, I-' sq., tNI -P 20 0 0 Rev, G. Jones, Llanwonno 0 5 o The Chapter of Llandaff .1((0 0 0 M. B., Swansea 5 0 0 Donations will he thankfully received by the Trea- surer the Secretary the Glamorgan and Monmouth Bank, Cardiff; or Messrs. Wilkins's Bank, Merthyr. [L::T All persons who have not paid in their Subscrip- tions are, respectfully requested to do so, as the building being ntarly completed, the Contractors must be paid forthwith. A STEADY, middle aged, Married Man, who can be well recommended, WANTS A SITU- ATION AS GAME KEEPER, or GAME KEEPER and WOODWARD. Apply, if by letter, Post paid, to the Editor of the MERTHYR GUARDIAN, Merthyr. G-lamorganslxlre & Monmouthshire Infirmary. A MEETING of the SUBSCRIBERS towards a Bust or Portrait of Daniel Jones, of Beanpre, will he held at the INFIIIMARY. on SATUifDAY, the Fourteenth day of OCTOB BH, 1837, at one o'clock. THOS. JACOB. Cardiff. Oct. 5th, 1837. Secretary. CARDIFF UNION., TENDERS for BUILDING a BOUNDARY WALL for inclosing 2 Acres of Land where the Union Workhouse is to be Built, will be received by the Clerk of the Board of Guardians on or before the 13th of Octoher instant, to be endorsed, 11 Tender for Boundary Wall," addressed to the Clerk, at whose Office specifica- tions of the Work may.be seen. SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE. THE ANNUAL MEETING OF the "BRECK- NOCK DISTRICT COMMITTEE," will be holden in the Town JJAII, on Thursday, the 19th inst., at I o'clock, when a Report ö1 the Proceedings of the In- stitution will be made, the audited accounts of the Trea- surer produced, and other business transacted. The Sermon will be preached the same morning, at St. Mary's Church, by the Rev. Joshua Hughes, Vicar of Aber- gwilli. Divine Service to commence at Eleven o'clock. WILLIAM JONES Secretary and Treasurer. Llandcfailog, Dcarv Breckuock, Oct. 3, lftj7. N.B.—It is requested that the Branch Secretaries send in their accounts on or before the 16th Inst. Also, that the Subscribers who may be in arrears for Subscript tions or Books, be so kind as to pay the same by that day. BRECKNOCK AND ABERGAVENNY CANAL NAVIGATION. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that the next HALF YEARLY MEETING, or Assembly of the Company of Proprietors of the said Navigation, will be held at the ANGEL INN, in the 1 own of Aberga- venny, on Thursday, the igtil itist., at 12 o clock at nOOD. I JVMES PEIRCE. Clerk to the Company of Proprietors. Llanelly Canal Office, 3rd. October, IffH. TO THE gO £ t <9&Q & or THE COUNTY OF MONMO-JTII. ALL PERSONS intending to enter into compe- tition for the PRIZE intenoed to be given at Sir Charles Morgan's next CATTLL SHOW. at COURT Y BII.LA FAHM, for the best piece of SWEDISH TUR- NIPS, must, on or before the 15th day of OCTOBER instant, Register their Names and places of residence, at the Office of Mr Thomas Jones Phillips, Solicitor, Newport. Newport, let October, J637 f r/HJ (£) 1, J.l :jJ l£I. IN PURSUANCE of Her Majesty's Writ, to me directed and delivered, for Electing a Third CORO. NKIl for tlie County 'of "GLAMORGAN, I DO HEREBY GIVK NOTICE, that I shall proceed to such Election onSATURDVY, the Fourteenth day of OCTOBER next, at Ten o'Clock in the forenoon, in the Town of B IDGEND, in the said County, at a Special County Court, to he held for that purpose, when and whore, all Persons concerned are to give their attendance. Dated this 2Uth day of September, 137. BOWEL GWYN, EsauiRU. Sheriff". TO THE MOBILITY, AND FREEHOLDERS, OF THE County of Glamorgan. G ENTLENIEN, 1"HE Lord Chancellor having issued his Writ "■* for the Election of a Third CORONER for this County, I again venture to solicit the honour of your Votes and Interest for that Office. Having so recently addressed you more fully on the subject, I have only to repeat that no exertions on my part shall be wanting to merit the confidence I seek at your hands. I am, Gentlemen, Your obedient Servant, JAMES WARD RUSSELL, MerthyrTydfil, Sept. 25th, 1837. Solicitor. The High Sheriff has fixed upon the 14th of October for the Election. TO THE OF THE County of Glamorgan. GE.-CTLENIE- A WRIT for the ELECTION of a Third CORONER for this County, has been received by the Sheriff, who has fixed the Election to take place at BRIDGEND, on SATURDAY, the 14th Day of OCTOBER next, at 10 o'clock in the Forenoon. The only Candidates for that Office, are Mr J. W. Russell, and myself. I take leave, therefore, to solicit of those Gentlemen and Freeholders, who have kindly promised me their support, the honour of their attendance at the Poll at Bridgend, on my behalf, on the day of Election. I believe it will not be denied that I am by many years' professional experience, and by being well versed in the Welsh Language, fully competent to discharge efficiently the important duties of "that Office. An intimate acquaintance with the Welsh Language is ac- knowledged, by every unprejudiced person, to be an indispensible requisite for properly discharging the duties of Coroner in the Iron and Coal Districts of this County, as the majority of their population are acquainted only with that language. 1 hesitate not to say, that the numerous and influen- tial support which has been promised me, is such as to leave no doubt of my success. I shall ever feel deeply grateful to my supporters. 1 have the honour to be, Gentlemen, Your very obliged and ifaithful servant, WM. DAVIES. Merthyr, September 28th, 1837.
FROM THE LONDON OAZBTTBS.…
FROM THE LONDON OAZBTTBS. London, Friday, September 29. BANKRUPTS. James Thomas Jackson, Leadenhall Street, licensed victualler. William Stannett, Prince's Street, Lambeth, vic- tualler. Benjamin Overton, High Street, Hackney, man- milliner. Edwin Walker, William John Walker, Frederick Walker, and Parker Newton Walker, Thurstonland, Yorkshire, clothiers. Horatio and William Turner, Greenhill, Yorkshire, worsted-stuff-manufactuters. John Nattress, Manchester, brazier. William Hood, Atherstone, Warwickshire, clock- manufacturer. Matthew Andrew, Sheffield, grocer. Joseph Bussell Kirk, Barton St. Mary, OjHsester, furniture-broker. London, Tuesday, October, 2. BANKRUPTCY ANNULLED. Sarah Brown, late of Cambridge, butcher. BANKRUPTS. William Guyther, 17, Piccadilly, linen draper. Edward Jones, late of Birmingham, but now of Kings- ton-upon-Thames, Surrey, grocer. Thomas Cooke, Loughborough, Leicestershire, grocer. John William Shaw, Liverpool, broker. Joseph Johnson, Liverpool, flour dealer. Phillip Mawdsley, Kirkdale, near Liverpool, victualler John Simmons Morris, Devonpovt, ironfounder. William Ransom, Stowmarket, Suffolk, corn and flour merchant. William Bolton, York, linen draper. George Dennistoun and Robert Laird, late of Liver- pool, merchants.
THE BATTLE OF THE DIAMOND. Colonel Verner's toast, which has proved so obnoxious to Mr O'Connell's Government in Ireland. as to lead to the exclusion of the gallant Colonel from the Commission of the Peace, was "The Battle of the Diamond." As our readers may not recollect the circumstances of that affray, we subjoin the fol- lowing account given in Sir Richard Mutgrave's History: "In the year 1795, the Romanists, who assumed the name of Masons, used frequently to assemble in the neighbourhood of Loughgall, Charletnont, Richhill, Portadown, Lurgan, the Ban-foot, and Blackwater foot, and rob the Protestants of their arms. In the month of September of that year, they assembled in arms, in the day time, marched into the parish of Tartaraghan, in the county ot Armagh, and fired into the houses of the Protes- tants. The next day the latter assembled in arms for their defence, and a constant discharge of mus- ketry was kept up at each other from the distant hills, but no lives were lost. On the 18th Septem- ber, some magistrates prevailed on t-he leaders of the Protestants and of the Defenders to sign arti- cles of amnesty. Mr Atkinson was one of the gen- tlemen who signed the articles on the part of the P.otestants; yet the Defenders waylaid and fired at him, as he was returning to his house at Crow- hill, on the same day. The Defenders, in violation of these articles, assembled this day in arms, and attacked the Protestants, who again proposed peace and mutual forgiveness, but in rain.—The Defender elate with their superior numbers, hav- ing sent for reinforcements to the mountains of Pomery and Ballygawley, in the county of Tyrone, made an attack on the Protestants near a villagecall- ed the Diamond; and were heard to declare that they would not suffer a person of their persuasion to re- main in the country. The shouts and firing of the Defenders alarmed the Protestants, who assembled from all quarters; and, an engagement having en- sued, forty-eight of the Defenders were killed, and a great number were wounded, on the 21st September, 1795. It was universally allowed that the De- fenders were at least ten to one in this conflict, ever since known by libe me of the Battlft of the Diamond. The marriage of the Princess Marie is threat- ened with interruption, upon the delicate ground of religious feeling. The Royal Family of Wurtem. burg require an engagement that all the issue of the union shall beeduoated Protestants the Royal Family of France insist that the daughters of the marriage shall be educated Roman Catholics. There appears no prospect of an accommodation. CONTKADICTORY DECISIONS AT THE REGISTRA- TION COURTS.—Decisions are given one year in direct opposition to the decisions of the year pre- ceding; and thus a continual uncertainty prevails as to the right of voting; the enfranchisement or disfranchisement of a large body is, in fact, often made to depend, not on any clear or definite right, but on the varying opinions of the Revising Bar- risters. At Maldon, for instance, it was on Saturday decided that the seven IOlles from the Town-hall, to which the Reform Act limits the residence of free- men, shall be measured in a straight line, over hedge and ditch—a decisi on which will bring fifty or sixty more voters upon the list; while last year, though the Barristers (as indeed they were in the I present instance) were divided in opinion on the subject, a contrary judgment was given.-Esser Herald. ADVANTAGES OF EDUCATION.-At the recmt opening of the new school at Ross, Herefordshire, the Rev. T. Biuney, ot Fish Street Hill, London, in addressing the assemblage, stated, asanlllslance of the advantage of education, he would relale a case of an uneducated man he had recently met with in his travels through the neighbourhood. Having asked him if he could read, he replied "he was no scholar, worse luck, for had he been he might have obtained the post ot boots, at the Bell Inn, Glouces- ter." (A laugh.) On asking him why, he said, that had he been able to write he should have been capable of reading the directions ou coach parcels, and such like, from which, and other things at the inn, some profitable perquisites were derived by th» who, also, acted as porter,
.....11' AGRICULTURE. .
11' AGRICULTURE. ON MANURES—THEIR USE AND ABUSE. nV, CUTHHERT w. JOHNSON*, ESQ. The drainage from the farm-vard is usually suffered to escape in the best way it can, into some adjoining pond or river, being supposed to contain nothing that is food for vegetables, and that too by the very same farmers who are remarkably careful in the preserva- tion of food for their hogs, of every portion of wretched dish, or cabbage water. The agriculturists, on the.contrary, of many foreign countries,are remarkably particular in theformationand ill preservation of liquid manure. In France it is called lizicr in Switzerland galle; they obtain it by col- lecting into under-ground reservoirs, tire drainage of their stables and farm-yards. To this they add the excrements of their cattle, and then pump the reser- voir full of water, in the proportion of four parts of water to one part of excrement; it is suffered to re- ma in in the reservoir fermenting into a creamy con- sistence for three or four weeks before, by means of portable pumps. The pits are emptied into water carts and carried on the laud. "This mode of increasing the manure, produced by stalled cattle and cows," says Mr Loudon, fifth vol. Gardener's Magazine, p. 519. is in general use in Holland and the Netherlands, aud we have seen it practised in France, at Trappe, and at Grigeion, near Versailles, at Roville, near Nantz, at Ebensberg, and at Sr.hleissheim, near Munich, and at Hohensheim, and Weil, near Stutgard. I would strongly recom- mend the practice to the British farmer, and not to the farmer only, but to every cottager who keeps a cow or a pig, to the cottager who is without these comforts, but who has a garden in which he could turn the great accession of manures so acquired to due account; and let the portable receiver of his water- closet, all the water used for washing in the house, soap-suds, slops, and fermentable offal of every description during a week, be carried and poured into one of these tubs, and if not full on the Saturday night, let it be filled up with water, the lid replaced, and the whole left for a week. Begin on Monday morning with another tub,and when, after five weeks, the whole tubs are filled, empty the first at the roots of a growing crop, and refill; or use two longer tubs, and continue filling one for a month; then begin the other, and at the end of the month empty the first." From the experiments and staments of Mr Robert. son, 2nd vol. Gardener's iilagazine, p. IS, it appears that those who are desirous of employing liquid manures, but who object to the use of excrement, may substitute saot in the proportion of six pounds of soot to a hogshead of water. Asliaragns, peas, and a variety of other vegeta- bles," says this lioi-iclilturist, t have manured with this mixture with as much effect as if I had used solid dung, but to plants in pots, particularly pines, I have found it admirably well adapted; when watered with it, they assume a deep healthy green, and grow strong and luxuriant." In China, they nil, according to Sir George Staun- ton, (Embassy to China), use the dung of birds in the formation of their liquid manures, which the Chinese prefer for this purpose to all others, and uext to it night soil. Liquid manure is admirably adapted for pastures, growing plants, fruit trees, and it is a source of ferti. lity not of recent introduction. Evelyn, in his Treatise on Earth, pages 123-177, strongly recom- mends the use of it, which he calls U muek watur." He especially recommends as ingredient, sheep's dung, saltpetre, salt, blood, dung of fowls, &c. &c.- Sussex Express.
THE HARVEST. Last week we spoke of the grain as rapidly dis- appearing from the fields in Yorkshire, and, indeed, in all the northern counties, including the corn dis- tricts of Scotland, and this week, with grateful hearts, we may proclaim the joyous news of" Harvest Home; and such a harvest, amidst such a year of perils, has seldom been known. in ttic- inotitlix or April and May there was scarcely any appearance of spring. It was not till the beginning of June that vegetation began to make any progress, but in that single month the gross crops attained the growth of an average year, and the deficient crops of hay of last yeer will, to a considerable extent, be supplied by the plenty of this partly in form of hay, and partly in after-grass. The turnips, after the seed had failed in many places three or four times, and which required re-sowing, have at last produced excellent crops and the potato sets,, which from the failure of the two last years were, supposed to have con- tracted an incurable disease, have this year produced as abundantly as usual, both in England and Ireland, while in the north of England, and in Scotland, the corn harvest, which was retarded for ten days by wet weather when great part of the corn was abroad, has been saved in fair condition by the seasonable return of favourable weather, when two or three days more of continued rain would have spoilt that bountiful supply of food upon which the country had so recently congratulated itself, and which, in the very anticipa- tion, has tended more, perhaps than any other cause, to dispel the gloom which had so long interfered with the national prosperity -Leeds Mercury. The weather has been very favourable since our last, and great quantities of corn have been housed, but the greater part of the crops arc still -out standing, and many of them uncut.-Durham Chronicle. A week of fine weather has enabled our farmers to make considerable progress in the business of the harvest. Great quantities have been secured in good condition, and a great breadth has been cut since our last. Another week or two will finish the bulk in this district, with the exception of some in late situ- ations, which are not far from being ready for the sick le.-Ntvclstle Chronicle. The last fortnight of fine weather has greatly accele- rated the completion of the harvest; but it will re- quire full another period of the sa nc duration before the corn in the backward couuties is all housed. Harvest work goes on most favourabl v, tije weather continuing of the most auspicious character. The country now begins to assume a bare aspect, the greater part of the crops having been led off. On cold soils, and in unfavourable situations, much grain remains untouched, and far from fit for the sickle; but the breadth now standing is much short of what has been usually in the like condition at this period of the season, in the general run of former yeirs.-White- haven Herald. The ncwcrops In this and the neighbouring districts are nearly all housed. In the west and south, in Cros- thwaite, Underbarrow, Beatuwaite Greeir, &c., the harvest may be said to be about finished, scarcely a sheaf remaining on the ground. There are some quarters where oats are rather late; aud are still un- cut this is the case in Hugill, Applethwaite, and in the neighbourhood of Sliap but if the season con- tinues favourable, it is expected that the crops will be secured within ten days or a fortnight. The weather at present, although cold, is considered highly favourable for harvest operations, as well as for ripeuing.- W cstmorcland Gazette We have had admirable harvest weather for the last eight days, and the corn yards are rapidly filling. In the vicinity of Perth the crop is all cut down, and may be said to be nearly all housed. The potatoes will be commenced to M raised immediately, the crop of which will be exceedingly abundant, and the quality excellent. Last year, it will be remembered, methods were recommended of using the potatoes, in consequence of their badnesi; and we should be glad now to learn of different wwys of cooking them, to vary the diet, as from their abundance people will -scarcely deign to eat them in the ordinary way.- Perthshire Advertiser.
J On Saturday last as Lord Worsley and Sir J. Nel- thorpe were out shooting at Broughton, a boy in an adjoining field, hearing the shooting, was in the act of crawling through the hedge to observe the gentle. men, when his Lordship fired at a bird flying lw, and lodged the charge in the bead and breast of the boy. His Lordship immediately rendered all the assistance in his power to the wounded lad, and had the best medical advice. The lad is likely to recover, with the loss of ono eye.-L,coinshirc Chronicle. A TENDER CONSCIENCE.—A young man of Laver- stock, near Saruin, having been accused of robbery, went out and hung himself "P to a ,tree: Fortu- nately the branch gave way, and to his evident de- light, as he literally ran home with the contemplated fatal noose adjusted rotmd his neck, and tho unsup- porting branch dangling at his bee s. Hampshire r Independent. The newspaper stamp returns have given universal dissatisfaction from their incorrectness. TIc Scotsman. ne.wsnaner has credit for more stamps than it ever had, and the Aberdeen Herald, one of the journals having the largest circulation in ScotIaD<J» 13 wlj0 y om,tted. '-Tyne Mercury. THE QUEES DOWAGER.-TI.C mansion about to be occupied by this illustrious lady at • 81S to be completed for her reception 'e 1 instant. The grand Parade is being re-graVC c » an other im- provements are going forward preparatory to the arrival of her Majesty. THE REGISTIU. TIO SnrLLISG.-A case having been '4 SIIILLIN submitted to the Attorney Geiiera » .,om ,s town, (Barnstaple) as to the legality ° r°gistration shilling being demanded froill frccmen, the learned gentleman has given his cipit)ion that they are not liable; in consequence of which Il recommendation has emanated from the magistrates ie overseers, I for them to return such shilling aS n c°Hecte(l witll the poor's ratNorth P»vm
-..-UN lTED STATES.|
UN lTED STATES. The President's message to Congress is far too lengthened a document for our columns. We have endeavoured by the help of that ;*ble paper the Economist to give an abridgement of that Journal's epitome, having no alternative but to omit it alto- gether. A President's message is an amusing contrnst to a Kind's speech, perhaps, as the copia fundi is said to be an attribute of. the gentler sex. Her Majesty's oration in November may be u In linked sweetness long drawn out," or by the help of those poetical Statesmen, Lord John Russell and Mr Spring Rice, why may it not be married to immortal verse ?-but to the President's message. He commences by stating that the Act of June 23, 1836, regulating the deposits of public money, made it thp duty of the Treasury to withdraw the Government deposits from those Banks who should at any time refuse to redeem their notes in specie, and to substitute other Banks in their stead, provided a sufficient number could be found to comply with the regulations of the Act alluded to. He then stater. his reasons for the early assembling of Congress. The main causes of the present crisis in America, Mr Van Buren traces from the "most convincing evidence" to extensive issues of paper money, and extravagant facilities of credit. His evidence consists of the follow- ing comparison, which we have tabulated for sim- nl1I"jhr' e!1ll--n 1 1834. 1836. Dollars. Dollars. • 1834. 1836. Dollars. Dollars. American Bank Capital..200,000,000 251,000,000 Bank-note Circulation 95,000,000 140,000,000 Loans and Discounts .324,000,000 475,000,000 The consequences," he says, H of this redundancy of credit, and of the spirit of reckless speculation engen- dered by it, were a foreign debt'contracted by our citizens, estimated in March last at more than 30,000,000 dollars the extension to traders in the interior of our country of credits for supplies, greatly beyond the wants of the people the investment of 39,500,000 dollars in unproductive public lands, in the years 1835 and 1836, whilst in the preceding years the sales amounted to only 4,500,000 dollars the creation of debts to an almost countless amount, for real estate in existing or antici- pated cities and villages, equally unproductive, and at prices now seen to have been greatly disproportionate to their real value; the expenditure of immense sums in improvements, which in many cases have been found to be ruinously improvident, the diversion to other pur- suits of much of the labour that should have been applied to agriculture, thereby contributing to the expen- diture of large sums in the importation of grain from Europe-an expenditure which, amounting in 1834 to about 250,000 dollars, was in the first two quarters of the present year increased to more than 2,000,000 dol- lars and finally, without enumerating other injurious results, the rapid growth among all classes, and espe- cially in our great commercial towns, of luxurious habits, founded too often on merely fancied wealth, and detrimental alike to the industry, the resources, and the morals of our people." There weie also," he says, some other disturbing causes at work, and among them may be mentioued, as most prominent, the great loss of capital sustained by our commercial emporium in the fire of December, 1835 -a loss, the effects of which were under-rated at the time, because postponed for a season by the great facilities of credit then existing, the disturbing effects in our commercial cities of the transfer of the public mon:es required by the deposit law of June, 1836, and the measures adopted by the foreign creditors of our merchants to reduce their debts, and to withdraw from the United States large portions of our specie." Mr Van Buren supports his explanation of the causes and consequences of the crisis, by referring to what he suppnses to have taken place in other parts of the world. Mr Van Buren then comes to the main objects for which Congress had been summoned—" These are to regulate by law the safe keeping, transfer, and disburse- ment of the public monies to designate the funds to be received and paid by the Government; to enable the Treasury to meet promptly every demand upon it to prescribe the terms of indulgence, and the mode of settle- ment to be adopted, as well in collecting from indivi- duals the revenue that has accrued, as in withdrawing it from former depositories, and to devise and adopt such further measures within the constitutional compe- tency of Congress, as will be best calculated to revive the enterprise and to promote the prosperity of the country." He then states his objections to a national Bank for the above purposes. And concludes by telling the Commercial Aristocracy that the Democracy of numbers will no longer put up with the existence of a national institution, which they regard as a concentration of power dangerous to their liberties. They (the Inen of commerce) must indeed form an erroneous estimate of the intelligence and temper of the American people who suppose that they have continued, on slight or insufficient grounds, their persevering opposition to such an institution; or that they can he seduced by pecuniary pressure, or by any other combination of circumstances, to surrender princi- ples they have so long and so inflexibly maintained." As for Mr Van Buren himself, he has left no doubt of his unflinching Jacksonism. My own views of the subject are unchanged. They have been repeatedly and unreservedly announced to to my fellow-citizens, who, with full knowledge of them, conferred upon me the two highest offices of the Government. On the last of these occasions, r felt it due to the people to apprise them distinctly, that, in the event of my election, I should not be able to co- operate in the re-establishment of a national bank. To these sentiments I have now only to add the expression of an increased conviction that the re-establishment of such a Bank in any form, whilst it would not accomplish the beneficial purpose promised by its advocates, would impair the rightful supremacy of the popular will, injure the character and diminish the influence of our political system, and bring once more into existence a concen- trated monied power, hostile to the spirit, and threatening the permanency of our republican institu- tions." Mr Van Buren next comes to the consideration of employing even the local banks to receive and distribute the revenue. And his general objections to the Government employing Banks to transact its business, are summed up in the following extract "The use by the Banks for their own benefit of the money deposited with them has received the sanction of the Government from the commencement of this con- nexion. The money received from the people, instead of being kept till it is needed for their use, is, in con- sequence of this authority, a fund on which discounts are made for the profit of those who happen to be owners of stock in the Banks selected as depositories. The supposed and often exaggerated advantages of such a boon will often cause it to be sought for with avidity. boon will often cause it to be sought for with avidity. I will not stop to consider on whom the patronage incident to it is to be conferred whether the selection and control be trusted to Congress and the Executive, either be subjected to appeals made in every form which the sagacity of interest can suggest. The Banks, under such a system, are stimulated to make the most of their fortunate acquisition. The deposits are treated as an increase :;If capital. Loans and circulation are rashly augmented and when the public exigencies require a return, it is attended with embarrassment not provided for or foreseen Thus, Banks that thought themselves most fortunate when the public funds were received, find themselves most embarrassed when the season of payment suddenly arrives. Unfortunately, too, the evils of the system are not limited to the Banks. It stimulates a general rashness of enterprise, and aggravates the fluctuations of com- merce and the currency. This resalt was strikingly exhibited during the operations of the late deposit System, and especially in the purchase of public lands. The order which ultimately directed the payment of gold and silver in such purchases greatly checked, but could not altogether prevent, the evil. Specie, was, indeed, more difficult to be procured than the notes which the Banks could themselves create at pleasure but still, being obtained from them as a loan, and returned to them as a deposit, which they were again at liberty to use, it only passed round the circle with diminished speed. This operation could not have been performed had the funds of the Government gone into the Treasury to be regularly disbursed, and not into Banks, to be loaned out for their own profit, while they were permitted to substitute for it a credit ia account, Since, therefore, experience has shocn that to lend the public money to the local Banks is hazardous to the operations of the Government, at least of doubtful benefit to the institutions themselves, and productive of disastrous derangement in the business and currency of the country, is it the part of wisdom again to renew the connexion ? Mr Van Buren of course answers in the negative, and proceeds to develop his own plan. "The manner of keeping the public money since that period is fully stated in the report of the Secretary of the Treasury that officer also suggests the propriety of assigning by law certain additional duties to existing establishments and officers, which, wi th the modifications and safeguards referred to by him, will, he thinks,enable the, department to continue to perform this branch of the public service without any material addition either to their number or to the present expense. The extent of the business to be transacted has already been stated, and in respect to the amount of money with which the officers employed would be intrusted at any one time, it appears that, assuming a balance of 5,000,000 to be at all times kept in the Treasury, and the whole of it left in the hands of the collectors and receivers, the propor- tion of each would not exceed an average of 30,000 dollars; but that, deducting 1,000,000 for the use of the Mint, and assuming the remaining 4,000,000 to be in the hands of one-half of the present number of officers, a supposition deemed more likely to correspond with the fact, the sum in the hands of each would still be less than the amount of most of the bonds now taken from the receivers of public money. Every apprehension, however, on the subject, either in respect to the safety of the money, or the faithful discharge of these fiscal transactions, may, it appears to me, be effectually removed by adding to the present means of the Treasury the establishment by law, at a few important points, of I're omcers lor ttic aeposit and disbursement of such portions of the public revenue as cannot, with obvious safety and convenience, be left in the possession of the collecting officers until paid over by them to the public creditors. Neither the amounts retained in their hands, nor those deposited in the offices, would, in an ordinary condition of the revenue, be larger in most cases than those often under the control of disbursing officers of the army and navy, and lnight be made entirely safe by requiring such securities, and exercising such controlling supervision, as Congress may by lawprescribe. The principal officers whose appointments would become necessary under this plan, taking the largest number suggested by the Secre- tary of the Treasury, would not exceed 10, nor the additional expenses, at the same estimate, 60,000 dollars a-year." After meeting any objections which political jealousy might urge against his scheme, as augmenting the patronage of the Executive, or affording greater scope for corruption, Mr Van Buren takes a review of the Government connexion with Banks which brings him home to the position he has taken up-namely, that the Government should collect and distribute the revenue by its own officers, and that in specie only. There can be no doubt that those who framed and adopted the constitution,-having in immediate view the depreciated currency of the confederacy—of which 500 dollars in paper were, at times, only equal to one dollar in coin-intended to prevent the recurrence of similar evils, so far, at least, as related to the transactions of the new Government. They gave the Congress express powers to coin money and to regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin they refused to give it power to establish corporations-the agents, then, as now, chiefly employed to create a paper currency they prohibited the States from making any thing but gold and silver a legal tender in payment of debts; and the first Congress directed by positive law that the revenue should be received in nothing but gold aud silver. "Public exigency at the outset of the, Government, without direct legislative authority, led to the use of the Banks as fiscal aids to the Treasury. In admitted deviation from the law, at the same period, and under the same exigency, the Secretary of the Treasury re- ceived their notes in payment of duties. The sole ground on which the practice, thus commenced, was then, or has since, been justified, is the certain, imme- diate, and convenient exchange of such notes for specie. The Government did indeed receive the inconvertible notes of State Banks during the difficulties of war; and the community submitted without a murmur to the unequal taxation and multiplied evils of which such a course was productive. With the war, this indulgence ceased, and the Banks were obliged agaiu to redeem their notes in gold and silver. The Treasury, in ac- cordance with previous practice, continued to dispense with the currency required by the act of 1789, and took the notes of Banks in full confidence of their being paid in specie on demand; and Congress, to guard against the slightest violation of this principle, have declared by law, that if notes are paid in the transac- tions of the Government, it must be under such circum- stances as to enable the holder to convert them into specie without depreciation or delay. Of my own duties under the existing laws, when the Banks suspended specie payments, I could not doubt. Directions were immediately given to prevent the reception into the Treasury of any thing but gold and silver or its equivalent; and every practicable arrangement was made to preserve the public faith, by similar or equivalent payments to the public creditors. The revenue from lands had been for some time sub- stantially so collected under the order issued by the directions of my predecessor. The effects of that order had been so salutary, and its forecast in regard to the increasing insecurity of bank paper had become so ap- parent, that even before the catastrophe, I had resolved not to interfere with its operation. Congress is now to decide whether the revenue shall continue to be so col- lected or not." Mr Van Buren's concluding remarks will be read with general approbation. "The difficulties and distresses of the times, though unquestionably great, are limited in their extent, and cannot be regarded as affecting the permanent pros- perity of the nation. Arising in a degree from the transactions of foreign and domestic commerce, it is upon them that they have chiefly fallen. The great agricultural interest has, in many parts of the country, suffered comparatively little; and, as Providence in- tended to display the munificence of its goodness at the moment of our greatest need, and in direct contrast to the evils occasioned by the waywardness of man, we have been blessed throughout our extended territory with a season of general health and of uncommon fruit- fulness. The proceeds of our great staples will soon furnish the means of liquidating debts at home and abroad, and contribute equally to the revival of com- mercial activity, and the restoration of commercial credit. The Banks, established avowedly for its sup- port, deriving their profits from it, and resting under obligations to it which cannot be overlooked, will feel at once the necessity and of uniting their ener- gies with those of the mercantile interest. The sus- pension of specie payments, at such a time, and under such circumstances as we have lately witnessed, could not be other than a tempotary measure and we can scarcely err in believing that the period must soon arrive when all that are solvent will redeem their issues in gold and silver. Dealings abroad naturally depend on resources and prosperity at home. If the debt of our merchants has accumulated, or their credit is im- paired, these are fluctuations always incident to exten- sive or extravagant mercantile transactions. But the ultimate security of such obligations does not admit of question. They are guaranteed by the resources of a country, the fruits of whose industry afford abundant means of ample liquidation, and by the evident interest of every merchant to sustain a credit, hitherto high, by promptly applying these means for its preservation."
A private letter from New York of the Sth ult, adverting to Mr Van Burcn's messuage, says, My opinion is that he will suceced in carrying his plan of a specie currency. Many suppose that it will bring ruin to every man, but the resources of this country 7 are so great, that we can suffer much, and yet rapidly recover from the pressure. The progress of the change from bad to better is already perceptible. This is seen in the general practice of economy by all men, and the excursions for pleasure have seldom been so few as in this summer. All kinds of crops have been abundant, and the southern states have planted more grain than usual, so as to make them less dependent upon the northern states. There seems no disposition in the southern and western states to evade payment of their debts to us, though they will of course require tune. There is not to be found, however, in any of the private letters, very sanguine expectations of the speedy discharge of the debts due from the merchants of New York to the Aniericali bouaes jq London.—Times,
----LATEST INTELLIGENCE. -
LATEST INTELLIGENCE. The Paris journals of Tuesday, state that the cholera has broken out in the army of the Afri- can expedition and the Governor General has, in consequence, sent home for a reinforcement of 1500 men. The Spanish news in the French papers is but scanty.. Don Carlos, it appears by a letter published in the Constitutionnel, narrowly escaped destruction, ,)0 the night of the 21st ult., from a mutiny of his own troops in the mountains of G uadalaxara. The prisoners taken in their late victories by Carondelet and Oraa, are rated at 1200 men. It is said that an arrangement has been con- cluded betaeen the Queen's Government ;md the revolted Spanish settlements in South America. Madrid journals to the 24th' have been re- ceived. The capital was principally occupied with the rejoicing at the retreat of Carlos, and with the elections. The elections terminated in favour of the party now in power. Accounts from Bayonne of the 25th mention that the withdrawal of five battalions from St Sebastian has been countermanded; and, we grieve to add, remove all doubt as to the fate of the unfortunate Legion, at Andoain. They were all murdered, notwithstanding their having surrendered on a capitulation. The Calpe steamer has arrived from Lisbon she sailed on the 27tht but brings no news.
iEmpemi liaritamcut. HOUSE OF L()RDS-MoDA Y. Parliament was further prorogued to-day until Wed- nesday, the 15th of November. At a quarter past two o'clock the Lord Chancellor, Lord King, and Lord Foley entered the House, when the Deputy Usher of the Black Rod summoned the Commons to hear her Majesty's writ read. Immediately afterwards Mr Lee, one of the clerks of the House, and several officers of the Commons, appeared at the bar. The Lord Chancellor then said her Majesty has been graciously pleased to order another writ to be issued under the great seal, further proroguing Parliament from the present 2nd day of October, to Wednesday, the 15th day of November next, to be then and there holden for the dispatch of divers urgent and important affairs. The Royal writ, commanding the Peers, spiritual and temporal, Knights of the Shire, Citizens and Burgesses, to give their attendance at Westminster, on Wednesday, the 15th of November, having been read, the proceed- ings terminated. Mr B. Hawes and Mr Mark Phillips were the only Members of the House of Commons present.
The civil war in Portugal has terminated or, to speak with more precision, a comp-.lsory truce succeeds to that agreed upon between Bomnm and Saldanha, the ultra-Jacobin, or Constitutional, party still retaining the government in their hands. There is not the least reason to suppose that the elements of civil discord have been, in the slightest degree, mitigated, or that the balance of parties has undergone any material change. An early interruption of the present calm may, there- fore, be looked to as an event absolutely certain. It appears that the Constitutional chief, Das Antal; having availed himself of the letter of the truce pre- viously agreed upon, had collected a considerable rein- forcement, and had occupied Braga. He there attacked the Charterist troops in the neighbourhood of that town whether in violation of the truce is not distinctly stated, though a breach of faith is implied in a letter of Saldanha. Many of the auxiliary legion, embodied in the Charterist-army, changed sides during the en- gagement, and the consequence was, the total defeat of the party which they deserted. It would appear that the engagement was neither extensive nor sanguinary; for the victor admits, in killed and wounded, a loss of no more than fifty men. But, however trifling the action, its determination has been decisive of the campaign; for the whole of the Charterist army at once submitted, stipulating that all the officers should be placed upon the half-pay list, with this condition, however, that those of highest rank, including Terceira and Saldanha, leave the kingdom. It would seem that the t.vo chiefs just named were absent from the engagement. Portugal, therefore, like the Chnstinos part of Spain, may be now considered as subjected to that worst of all forms of government-if it deserve the name—a military democracy. But this is the inevitable result of all attempts at wild change ia the established Constitution of a c ou n try.- Standard.
A HINT FOR TilE POOR LAW COMMISSIONERS— Professor Muff related a very extraordinary and con- vincing proof of the wonderful efficacy of the system of infinitesimal doses, which the section weredoubtless aware was based upon the theory that the very mi- nutest amount of any given drug, properly dispersed through the human frame, would be productive of precisely the same result as a very large dose administered in the usual manner. A Member begged to be informed whether it would be possible to administer—say, the 20th part of a grain of bread and cheese to all grown-up paupers, and the 40th part to children, with the same satisfying effect as their present allowance. Professor Muff was willing to stake his professional reputation ou the perfect ade- quacy of such a quantity of food to the support of human life-in workhouses; the addition of the 15th part of a grain of pudding twice a-week would render it a high diet.-Boz. ABBOTSFORD.—The Kelso Mail of Thursday con- tains the following singular advertis(,nieiit Tiic, gentleman who carried off an old and curious irol candlestick, belonging to the collection in the Hall at Abbotsford, is hereby informed that it is only a model of that said to have been used by Robert the Bruce- He is at liberty to retain it, as there is another in the- collection; and he may exhibit it as a memento of hi visit lo Abbotsford and ungentleinanlike conduct." We have just received the third report of the Poor Law Commissioners, with appendixes (A,) (B,) and (C.) The Commissioners state that it was their wish to have made this annual report to Lord John Russell in the early part of the. Session, but they deemed it their duty to await the result of the inquiry of the committee of the House of Commons. It appears the unions of parishes embrace a population of 11,347,215, out of 13,789,187, the whole population of England and The- outstanding parishes in England are 1,301, containing a popula- tion of 2,525,099, and 2S in Wales, containing a population of 24,874. Of the agricultural counties Cumberland seems to be the only one containing a large proportion of parishes un-united. It has 88 out of 203 parishes not yet united, and a population of 85,649 out of 109,681 l-incaster has a population of 382,617 out of 1,336,854 not yet united; Derby., 105,459 out of 237,170; Middlesex, 708,948 out of 1,358,330; Warwick, 145,358 out of 336,610; and the West Riding of York, 331,485 out of 976,353.- Morning Paper. IRON.—Large cargoes of iron are now Weekly ex- ported from Ulverston to Antwerp. This may appear singular to those who know of the richness in this u mineral, with which Netherlands abound but it ouglrt to be more generally known that the finest iron in the world is that produced from the ore of our neighbourhood.-Kendal Mercury. IRON.-The anticipated increase of price on this article, which we announced through our corres- pondent a short period since, has been realised, as an advance on bars of sixty-seven per cent. is now quoted, and corresponding terms on that of pigs. But this even only nominal, as the iron- masters will not receive any orders but what are subject to the terms at which it may be sold when shipments are made, which from their heavy demands they will not submit to any period but what is dis- cretionary with themselves.- Western Times. HEHEFOHD FESTIVAL—We are happy to state that at the Hereford music meeting the collections at the church, for the benefit of the Clergymen's Widow and Orphans Fund, amounted to £818 10s. 4d., about a hundred and forty pounds more than was received ill 1831. It is a proof of the un- diminished attraction of Handel's oratorio, The Messiah, that the collection on the day it was per- formed was nearly double that of any other. At Birmitlgham, too, the receipts when this subliøn composition was performed exceeded those of anf other morning r-erforæance by about five hun( pounds,