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Occurrences of an aaftil chrwaoier nave, during; the course of IS3.j, added interest to the study of chemistry in one of its branches, fey their tendency to draw discredit on science, to detract from the merit of an invaluable discovery, and to derogate from the name of a chemist, whose memory England will long cherish—Sir Humphrey Davy. The efficacy of tlu4 "Davy lamp" has been ques- tioned by ignorance, which attempts to cover the consequences of its own neglect by aspersing the deduclions of science. It is clear to the unpreju- diced mind that the frightful accidents occurring in coal mines, even where the ''Davy lainp'( is in ordinary use, are traceable to the neglect of the "putter" or" hewer," who is in the constant habit of breaking the wire-guard of his lamp for the sake of a greater momentary light. Thc grounds on which the efficacy of the "Davy lamp" has been denied, are lamentable proofs of a great halt in the march of useful knowledge. Cue wise authority gravely asserts that the air is decomposed, and the oxygen accumulates in the interior of the lamp, forming all explosive mixture! and that when the maiter in the lamp explodes, the explosive air in the mine inflames! and goes off," by ympalhy, we suppose. Such are the absurdities littered on this important subject in the present day, when the common principles of science might well be sup- posed to be universally familiar, when the import- ance of scientific research on every boy's lips, and the diffusion of knowledge is the ordinary theme of all classes of the community. RUSSIA-Z FAIRS.—The fairs of Russia are upon a scale so gigantic, as to eclipse the wonders even of Leipsic and Frankfort. Tiie great annual meeting t ishni Novogorod, is sufficiently well known for ItS transaction in merchandise by scores of millions of roubles, and its congregated hosts of attendant strangers. The following was the movement of the fair, called Korennaia, held some years since at Kouisk, the capital of the southern department of that name: it is thc last return we are in possession of. Brought to the amount Sold for of Roubles. Roubles. Russia goods. 32,050 189 20,974,058 European goods and Colonial Merchandise 1,760,600.. 701,500 Asiatic goods 1.336,000 486000 And horses for the value of 600,000 roubles more.- Tuere were about 50,000 foreigners at the fair I The receipts, in taxation for the crown and the town, amounted to 61,468 roubles.*—Foreign Policy and Foreign Commerce. Blackwood, Feb., 1836. • The Russian rouble is equal to 4-1. 6d. English money. PRIMITIVE WOLF TRAP.—Captain Lyon describes as follows a trap made of ice by the Esquimaux, to capture wolves: The trap is made of strong slabs of ice, long and narrow, so that the animal cannot turn round in it. The door is a heavy portcullis of ice, slid- in two well secured grooves of the same substance, and is kept up by a line, which, passing over the top of the trap, is carried through a hole at the furthest extremity of the top to the end of the line is fastened a small hoop of whalebone, to which any blit of meat is attached. From the slab which forms the end of the trap, a peg of ice, wood, or bone, points inwards, near the bottom; under this the hoop is lightly hooked, so that the slightest pull at the bait liberates tnehoop. The door falls, and the wolf is speared where it lies." It appears bv letters received on Saturday at Lloyd's, that the Netherlands ship Eliza, Staal bound from Rotterdam to Batavia, with a cargo of bricks, got on the Godwin Sands early on the pre- vious morning, and it was feared that unless the weather should presently moderate she would become a total wreck. Captain Staal, the chief mate, and two of the crew attempted to come on shore in the boat, but were alinost immediately swamped. The second-mate and the rest of the crew were more fortunate, having been rescued from their perilous situation through the intrepidity 0f the Deal boatmen. e We have to register in the tatal catalogue of the losses at sea in the recent desperate gales another appalling catastrophe, at Bishop s Island, near Kilkee, where the Intrinsic, merchant vessel, Quirk master, late Chambers of and from Liverpool to New Orleans, was driven in totally unmanagea- ble, by the tempest, on .Saturday morning, and dashed to pieces in the tremendous surf whch breaks uponthe mighty cliffs along that iron-bound coast. The master and crew lout teen persons are reported to have perished within view and hearing of the few natives who co lected on the i-tigged heights of that wild region, but without the least possibility of affording succour or relief. The Intrinsic was laden with a general cargo, and appears to have sailed on the 14th of January from Liverpool.—Limerick Chronicle.






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