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."\. GL£ANI;:V S. ..


GL£ANI;:V S. TilE WELsii.-Tiie S-,ix -S, by tilic Pi-it-tiiis -Li)(1, it)( Welsh, and their country, WeishUind, meant and intended no other thing than to call them Guides which having in their language, time out of mind, so continued, is an evident sign that the Hritains were originally a people of the Gauies which the Saxons, according to tueir manner or speech, instead ofcaiiing lSa Jízh called SMALLISH, and by abbreviation W'AIXH or WELSH. In the ancient Teutonick, it is very often found that many names which the French began with G, the Germans began witii IT", as Ward lor Gai'd, Wartlain, (Warden) for Guardian; Warre (War) for Guerre; and Edward, our famous Prince of W ales, the French authors call Prince de GauMes.— the, above is taken (for the benefit of our English readers) from Verstegan, I(>7*3. Hie origin of the word Bacon may be traced to the feeding of swine by the nuts of the Bucon or Beechen tree such only as were so fattened were called Bacon and Buckingham.ire is so named from the abundance of Buken, or, as we now call them, Beechen Trees.— Berkshire, for its Beorken or Bin-bin Trees. ENIC.MV. Totum pone, lfuit Caput aufer. splendet in arinis Caudam tolievolat: viscera tolle, dolet. THE WEDDINC. RING.—"The custom of putting the ring on the fourth finger of the left hand, has been handed down to the present age from a very early period, the left hand being preferable to the right, in that it is ever Jess employed; for the same reason was the fourth finger chosen, which is not only less used than either of the rest, but is more capable of pre- serving the ring from bruises, having this one quality peculiar to itself, that it cannot be extended but in company with some other finger Some of the ancients were of opinion that it was so worn, because to that finger only came an artery from the heart; but modern anatomy clearly demonstrates the absurdity of such tiotioii.British Apollo. ORIGIN OF EATING GOOSE ON MICHAELMAS DAY.- Queen Elizabeth, oil her way to Tilbury Fort, on the 20th of September, 1589, dined at the ancient seat of Sir Neville Umfreville, near that place, and as British Bess had much rather dine off a high seasoned and substantial dish than a simple fricasee or ragout, the Knight thought proper to provide a brace of fine geese to suit the palate of his Royal guest. After the Queen had dined heartily she asked lor a half-pint bumper of burgundy, and drank Destruction to the Spanish armada." She had but that moment returned the glass to the Knight who had done the honors of the table, when the news came (as if the Queen had been possessed with the spirit of prophecy) that the Spanish fleet had been destroyed by a storm. She immediately took another bumper, in order to digest the geese and good news, and was so much pleased with the event that every year after on that day she had the above excellent dish served up. The Court made it a custom, and the people the fashion ever since. THE BOWSTRING—.The Turkish bowstring, which is amazingly strong, is formed of untwisted silk, generally white, bound together at intervals by threads of a different colour. At either end is a large loop at- tached to the centre portion of the cord by a very curious and intricate knot; the executioners slip their hands through this, and, having passed the string once round the victim's neck, who is placed on his knees, they draw it in opposite directions with all their force, and thus produce death by strangulation. Since the gradual decline of archery among the Turks, the bowstring has also been falling into disuse for the original cause of its being adopted as an instru- ment of criminal punishment, was the readiness with which it could be procured, when every man carried at his shoulder the weapon of which it formed a part. Aiddjo's Constantinople. OLD NEWSPAPERS.—Many people take newspapers, but few preserve them, yet the most interesting reading imaginable is a file of old .newspapers. It brings up the very age, with all its bustle and every- day affairs, and marks its genius and its spirit more than the most laboured description of the historian. Who can take a paper dated half a century ago with- out the thought that almost every name there printed is now cut upon a tombstone at the head of an epitaph! The doctor (quack or regular) that there advertised his medicines and their cures has followed the sable train of his patients the merchant, his ships —could get no security on his life; and the actor, n who could make others laugh or weep, can now only furnish a scull for his successors in Hamlet. It is easy to preserve newspapers, and they will repay the trouble; for like that of wine, their value increases with their years, and old files have sointimes been sold at prices too startling to mention.—Monthly Ma- gazine. PROSCRIBED PAPERS DURING THE CIVIL WARS.— The following curious passage is taken from a news- paper called The Man in the Moon, published by the Royalists, in 1649, dated July 4, No. 17. Every pains were taken to suppress it by Cromwell's party, but without effect, and the venders of it were severely punished-.—>' A hot combat lately happened at the Salutation lavern, in H olburne, where some of the Commonwealth vermin, called soldiers, had seized an amazonian virago, named Mrs Strosse, upon a sus- pidon of being a loyalist and selling The Man in the iloon, but she, by applying beaten pepper to their eyes, disarmed them, and (with their own swordes) forced them to aske her forgiveness, anddown on their Mary bones, and pledge a health to the King, and confusion to their masters, and so honourably dis- missed them. adds the loval news writer, for 20,000 such gallant spirits, to pepper the rogues, when you see that one woman can beat two or three." How curious it is, that as the land animals of tro- pical climes are more ferocious than those of tem- perate regions; so are the monsters of tropical seas. See the peering lounging shark!—he will follow your ship for hours: perhaps he has once tasted human flesh, and he never forgets'' the precious feed. This was once partially exemplified in one caught on a former voyage. He was a tremendous fellow, and followed the ship with the greatest vigour. He was so voracious, that nothing escaped him, and when ihagged on board and opened, the button of a sailor's jacket, and other indigestible substances, were found in his horrid maw. Nothing gives the men more pleasure than to catch one of these" sea lawyers," and when once on deck, what with hatchets and hand- spikes, lie soon gives his last stretch. Ah, (says the tar) Mr Lawyer, you were rather hungry this morning, but you caught a piece of cold iron instead of the leg of a man; how do you like that ? (giving him a smash on the head)—What, do you grunt? then we will nick your tail, and see how you like that." The strength of these creatures on the deck is astonishing, and until Jack has given his favourite chop on the tail it is dangerous to go near them. Their tenacity of life also is very great, for I have seen the heart throb long after the creature was dead. When caught on the hook, it makes the most desperate efforts to escape; it plunges down; then rises; throws itself on its back, or its beam ends; then backs water with its fills; and yet, should it get off, it will, in a short time take the same hook! As the New Zealander loves to eat a little of the dead foe, so the sailor delights in eating a part of the" sea-lawyer.Sel: also the swor(I-fisil !-Wliat a terrific creature is this! He has a large projecting beak, from three to four feet long, having the edge dentated with large teeth like a saw. He is said to be the king of the sea, for, such is his strength and speed, nothing can resist him. lie makes one of the seven of the shark genus. The spermaceti whale too, is principally found in tropical seas, and he is more fierce than any of his tribe. He will attack boats, and even ships; for it is not long since the Essex whaler had her sides stove in by one of those creatures. It is a noble and yet fearful sight to see one of those monsters sweeping- like a meteor through the flood. I remember one calm day when in a rather high southern latitude, two of these moving mountains of flesh and blood came darting alongside our gallant bark. They viewed our coppered sides, and then dashed a-head and sur- veyed the bows then they slackened sail, and dropped astern; and such appeared to be their gratification, thev remained longer in our company than we de- sired. To see them swimming, plunging, rolling, and sporting like trout in a summer's stream, was exciting indeed. There was so much majesty in their sweep, and yet such grace and ease, we said "The hand that made them is Divine.—(Correspondent of the Watch- man. THE lVHlG KNIOHTS.—The following passage is copied from an exceedingly curious and scarce collec- tion of broadsides, printed in 1681, the gift of Geo. the Third to the British Museum. It is headed,— "The Hue Hue and Cry after ye Duke of 1\1-, Lord G-y, and Sir Tho. A g."—"Oves! Five hundred pounds for a Whig Knight—the head of the rabble, the defender of the factions—assertor of our liberties, and supporter of our True Blue Protestant interest. 'Tis but a small sum for so wise a head- piece, but a great deal more than some of their heads are worth. Five hundred pounds!—Hy! Jowler! there Rookwood, let loose the monkey, with his chain of pockets, and the elephant with his castle of pam- phlets. Flee, Towzer, and bring him baek! Roar out, Bull !-Ile-llow, Baxter, lift up thy voice like a trumpet. The Patriots and Horsemen of Israel—the men mighty in battle are fallen; the heads of thy people are dropping oil; and I fear, for all their deep projects and mysterious cabals, they will prove them themselves but blockheads at last." To what politi- cal personages of the present day will this apply { TO THK$, ()F rjii,, in Sir—What a striking analogy their cxi^jyl ductofthe Big Beggarin inantlEarl has sailed north, towards the -oal of ry did th:- latter, which proved the pr(,(,Llrsory A downfall. The self-dubbed-and-in-ovcrj .|( to-be-admired King of Ireland, fancies e It otli* li(Pi't;i (,'OLI?iti-yilieii io -Il:lt ttllle but as "every dog has his day," s0 ,n,$ great Danship, have his fling. Althoug'^jt paid by our delectable Administration^ prove in the onset that the wuistle is A day of reckoning will come to the JI when woe be to them! The great and P1 ^\l of England will not much longer submit^: vernmeiit of an individual whose nrro.V ceeded only by his impudence. KveH"' which has immemorial constitution for i's. to be swept away by the tail of this noranceand bigotry. Firm and undoiibt1- fixed and unshaken tachinent toconstituf jfJ dear to every E.^ashman and Christiano purchased with the sacred blood of mrtyrSI, be the peculiar objects of his detestation a f d renee. At a time when the energy of ('Vl'\I' subject to his King is required, HE attemptS f J the passions of the mobocracy against a who have ever proved themselves to Ln faithful subjects. No doubt can exist aS dividuals to whom I allude. The prince jfW in his late tirade of abuse against the Society 10 ol fellows, has beeu pleased to assimilate the fit 0 lowest state of degradation. But arc they mentioned in the same breath with ruffians hi delighteth to honor? Patrick's-dubs, break-o'-dav-boys, ribbon-men, wretches w pable of every crime, sacrilege, attd Ransack the volume of history for proofs W volting- cruelties and outrages perpetrated bf monsters, and they w 11 be found more atr()( ;I, any recorded in all its blood-stained pageS; the patron of those dares to malign the publ'f ter of a society whose fundamental princlP loyalty, order, and charity towards all men- A Actuated by disinterested motives. I suined to call the attention of my coulitrylo this glaring inconsistency, in the conduct « whose pretended object is liberty, but design is to inflict upon Britons the slaveO^ O'Connell despotism, under which the Cabinet is already reduced; trusting that will exercise their ancient discrimination, vvbev apealed to by their King, and will stand bf f Sovereign and complete tireir Emitneipatloll tyrants, whose power is already tottering- I remain, Sir, Yours trulv, n0 SCRUTATOR Merthyr, September 29th, 1833.


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