GLAMORGANSHIRE, GLAMORGANSHIRE AGRICULTURAL REPORT. ( From a Correspondent.) JUNE 24.-The weather has been highly favorable for the hay harvest until the present week, and the hay secured must be in good order. In this country this operation is generally deferred too long-, both on account of the weather as well as the quality of the hay, which is considerably deteiioiated when allowed to stand until the early grasses shed their seeds. The clover crop is an uneven one, the plant having disap- peared in many situations during the spring months. Light soils will not bear the frequent repetition of this crop, and rest appears to be the best remedy for securing this valuable plant. The month of May, being cold, kept back the pasture land, and this yields only a light crop hitherto. The barley and the early sown turnips will re- ceive great benefit from the present rains, the ground having become very dry. The former in many situations assumed a yellow and stunted appearance, and the tur- nips became an easy prey to the fly for the want of mois- ture to force them on. The mangel promises well, and we have scarcely any complaint of the potatoe sets not vegetating in the present year, with the exception of a few early sorts. The difficulty of adapting the sup- ply of this root exactly to the consumption of the year is again experienced this season, as there appears at present to be an excess beyond the amount required to meet the ensuing crop; consequently the old stock is already unsaleable at any price. The wheat crop looks well, and the warm weather, expe- rienced during the last fortnight, has forced out the ear to its full length it is now in blossom, but the present windy weather, and rather cold rain, will be injurious to it during this process. The demand for stock has not been great, and the sales effected are at low prices for store cattle. Beef has been -rather scarce, and the price has improved since April. Corn continues unsaleable, except at the most ruinous prices and from the stock on hand and the appearance of the coming crop, there is no prospect of an improvement. Parliamentary proceedings afford little consolation to those who are suffering from the present state of thing* every measure, likely to give practical relief, is carefully rejected. A commutation of tithe, poor laws fur Ireland, or an investigation into the causes of the existing ditiiculties,would, in all probability,tend to m'tigaie the distress of the British agriculturist; but these subjects must give place to party measures, quite of an opposite character, and designedly brought forward on factious grounds, to gratify the passions of Olh portion of the community at the expense of another.
MERTHYR POLICE. Before J. B. Bruce. Esquire. JV VE 23 Jenkin Richard was fined 23s. 6d for a wilful trespass, in destroying the best coat of John Williams, on Sunday the 14th instant. John Morgan had obtained a warrant against David Evans, for an assault. It appeared on examination that the defendant was drunk, and laid hold of com- plainant, who struck him down, kicked him on the ground, and on his rising up, struck him down again. The magistrates said that he had taken the law into his own hands, and that he had more than sufficiently punished the defendant without applying for a sum- mons,-Complaint discharged. MYSTERIOUS ArFAiit.-The mother of Mary Lloyd, the wife of Samuel Lloyd, formerly of Dowlais, applied for advice as to her daughter. Her daughter s bus. band, Samuel Lloyd, now residing at Llauspyddid, had married again, and refused to give her any account of her daughter's death, of which no infor- mation can be obtained. The woman, who is missing, had been seen at the house of her aunt, (Margaret Michael) at Talgarth, within six months ot her hus- band's second marriage. The magistrate undertook to make enquiry into the circumstance. JUNE 24th.—Edward Rowland, mason, was fined 5s. and costs, for a trespass on the premises of Ann Brown, otherwise Russell, and in default of payment was committed for ten days to the House of Cor- rection. The said Edward Rowland was also com- mitted for seven days, for neglecting to pay the cost, for an assault upon Margaret Ellis. There were two other warrants against the same person, one for a subsequent assault on the above Ann Russell, and one on a charge for drunkenness. Mary Glyde was charged by Mary Robert, with a wilful trespass in breaking her window, The evidence was very contradictory, and the parties were ordered to pay the costs between them. John Wilde, a very reckless lad of 13 or 14 years old, was brought to the office, charged with striking the daughter of Henry Miles, mason, in the eye with a stone. The mother of the boy, a poor widow, said that she could do nothing with him, and implored the magistrate to interfere. The conviction and com- mitment were made out and suspended, on the promise of the boy to attend to his work, and to behave better in future. JUNE 26th.—WM. Watkins, tanner's labourer, was fined is. and costs, for being drunk on Sunday, the 21st instant.
MONMOUTHSHIRE. MONMOUTH.—The "Reformers" of Monmouth had an eighteen-penny ordinary, on Tuesday last, at the Bell, in that town, to celebrate their glorious triumph, in the confirmed election of Mr Hall, their sitting member. The president upon the occasion was Mr J. G. George, attorney-at-law. The Rev. J. H. Thomas, at a recent meeting at Monmouth, in behalf of the Loudon Hibernian So- ciety, for promoting Scriptural education in Ireland, observed, that religious Popery was evidently on the decline, but that political Popery was on the increase. This remark may be carried further. Religious dissent has ceased to increase, and in the present im- proving state of the Church may be expected to decline. But political dissent, which is a very dif- ferent thing, is unhappily increasing, and its growth betokens no good to religion in any shape. The Clergy are unable te contend against it, since it does not meet them on the proper ground. All they can do is to prevent the spreading of religious dissent, by their unremitting exertions, and the consistency of their lives. The rest must be left in the hand of Providence. -From a Correspondent. ClIEPSTOW,-At our cattle fair on the 19th of June, live stock of every description experienced a trifling advance in price, to that obtained at most pre- vious fairs in the neighbourhood but in consequence of a false report having been circulated, that the callIe and wool fairs would be hetd on the same day (Saturday the 20th,) a vast number of persons did not bring their stock to market, and a great. many buyers did not attend. It is a fair that has always been held, for the last thirty years, invariably on the Friday in Whitsun Keek, aud is what is called one of the standard fairs of the town for the sale of live stock. Our wool fair, on the 20th, was tolerably well attended with stock and buyers. A considerable quantity was sold on that day, and a good deal more on the following. Monday. Last year's prices were fully maintained, and a few in advance. The average tuay be quoted at Is. (id. per pound; for fine teg wool Is 8d. was asked. On Monday, the 22d of June, an inquest was held at Mounton, near ChepstoW, before B. M. Brad- ford, Esq. coroner, on view of the body of T. Collins, who met his death by a brick wall falling on him on Wednesday last, Verdict-Accidental death. On Thursday evening, as a car with two ladies in it was going to Tintern Abbey, just below the Moss Cottage, the horse shied at something and leaped over the wall down the rock, but fortunately without doing much mischief; the lad'es were slightly in- jured, and the driver very little the horse had one knee cut open.
j LATEST INTELLIGENCE LONDON, WEDNESDAY EVENING. Her^Majesty held a drawing-room this day at St. James's Palace, which, notwithstanding the wetness ° weather, was numerously attended. # The Earl of Devon took the oaths and his seat this Oning. His lordship was introduced by the Marquis 0 Cholmondely and Earl Rosslyn. Yesterday Alderman Lainson and David Salomons, q., were elected, by show of hands, Sheriffs of London and Middlesex for the ensuing year. The atter gentleman is of the Jewish persuasion. The Paris papers are wholly silent on the reported eat and death of Zumalacarreguy even his wound ls not mentioned the report having served the pur- of those who circulated it, and its influence upon -Bourse existing uo longer, it is now left to sink "to Oblivion. I:> We ar,- on the whole, inclined to believe in the or of twound, but the alleged victories over the 10arlials appear to be nothing but stockjobbing fictions. There is no domestic intelligence of any moment | 'n the French papers of Tuesday. The closing prices | the Bourse were—Five per cent. 108f 35c. Three | P*r Cents. 78f. 50c. I Troops for the service of the Queen of Spain are i raising in Belgium. We wish the Queen joy of the ^"eat accession of strength and honor she is likely to ■ from the hireling swords of these braves I Be'ges." The funds at Brussels oa Tuesday were—Actual I "el», 54|; Rothschild's Loan, 100J; Loan of City, 1 At Vienna on the 15th, Five per Cents. Metal- 'iques, 101i Four per Cents, do. 98 Bank Shares, 1338. The Moniteur of Monday gives us another despatch telegraph, by which we learn, through the medium of the Bayonne correspondent, that up to the 19th least, the siege of Bilboa was going on. A despatch dated Bayonne. June 21, contains the following brief notice :— On the 19th, up to nine o'clock at night, Bilboa con- tinued to defend itself the fire of the Carlists slackened. It is said that Valdez had arrived to relieve the place. This announcement is the only one we have from e seat of war.
LONDON MONEY MARKET. CLOSING PRICES OF BRITISH STOCKS. &nk stock 216J 3J per cent. Reduced 98| °oia Stock — 3i per cent New cent. Consols — 4 percent. 1826 °nsols for Account 9lf India Bonds -j_ Cent. Reduced 90i Exchequer Bills 28 2 to PRICES OF FOREIGN STOCKS. Clhan Bonds 5 per ct. 62 I' Greek Ang. Bds 5 pr ct. p "'an, 5 per cent. 48 Mex. Bonds, 6 per ct. onibian Bonds,6 pr ct 36i Portuguese Bds. 5 per ct. 85 Bonds, 3 per ct. 77 Portuguese Reg. Bonds 85 ».!itcn2i per cent 55* RussianBonds,5 perct. 108| ^to5 per cent 100J Spanish (1822), 5 perct. 41* percent 1001 Spanish (1822), 5 perct. 41* nch Rentes 5 per ct. — Belgian Bonds, 5 per ct.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. Wl have no recollection of having received a letter, signed A Looker on," which has not been noticed under this What is the subject of it?" e received a letter seme time since, signed IV ceco! r lending some remedies for Hydrophobia, which we did I ftot publish, believing it to be injurious to create reliance u) remedies which obviously could have no good encct. I" e shall at all times be happy to oblige our kind cor- res 0 espondent, if in our power. i e do not insert accounts of marriages unless they are 4(,thenticated.
^er» to the Editor" should be Post Pafci. ^RRata.—A Monmouthshire friend has written to dc| re us to correct an erratum in the article in our Iast_ neaded "The Bishop of Liandaff and Oriel College, viz> j *tead of •' one first and two seconds in mathematics/ j (° firsts and one second. On referring to oat friend s a ter» we find the erratum is his and not our's. On ex- t lll'ng, however, the class lists, we find that Oriel hud « first-class men in mathematics, at the last examination, 0 'herefore the Deuteron-proteron" is a proper figure the present occasion.
AI&RTHYR TYDVIL, SATURDAY, June 27, 1835 Lord Stanley has addressed a letter to Sir Thor..as Hesketh, in which he deprecates, as un- COnstitutional, Conservative Associations; and, "0 doubt, if his Lordship's premises were sound IS conclusions would be unanswerable. But the trp-Ot error of Lord Stanley's reasoning is, that he conceives these Associations to be not defen- 8ive, but agressive; not, as they are, confederacies of the loyal against the combination of the mis- 'eh' I •evous, but as measures calculated to provoke the evil which is feared, and to hasten the conflict Wl"ch is to be avoided. If we know anything of the objects and purposes of Conservative Associ- atio«s, and if we may borrow additional light fr°H the character of those who support them, we < OUld say that the security of the Throne— the independence of the Lords-and the free- dorn of the House of Commons, have been ^■"eatened, and that Conservative Societies are a eiionstration on the part of those who have thus polled themselves, that they are unwilling the °istitution should be changed and that they are resolved to protect the ancient Institutions of ^eir country. They see in the Reform Bill, as ey see in any uncontrolled element around them, tb 01eans of danger in the hands of the weak, t e kicked and the designing, and they associate erect boundaries—to fix land-marks—to con- exces8es—to give the law its true and legiti- te Use-and to see that it is not fashioned into at weapon of anarchy and misrule to keep the eYe of a constitutional jealousy on men and mea- Cs, whose avowed objects are, not unfrequently, ^gerous, and whose latent intentions they have ^°°d reason to suspect:—in short, to give all par- 8 the benefit of a measure that was intended, it '0 be feared, but for one—to over-rule, it may > evil for good, and to be ready, by organisation, jj, *11 emergencies. Yes! we would unfurl ^gland's lied Cross Banner, and follow, in the „a^SUage of the poet,—- 'rough sunshine and thro' 6torm, thro* height depth, B rough frost and fire, thro' steel and talisman." } rj,,
I lh Municipal Reform Bill is proceeding „ r°ugh the House of Commons in the spirit, on (. Btr e> of a party which feels its numerical | j e,1gth, and is impatient of all correction and [ a "r°Vement, and on the other side is manifested 8ehse of the inutiIity*of opposing argument to th 8» or sense to sound. On Monday night Cej("e.Was a sP^r'te^ debate on a question which, On deserved the name of a constitutional "no less than whether the metes and bound- j £ °t the boroughs shall be determined by the Council, or in other words, by His fje 'y's Ministers, or whether such power shall seeC*ercised by Parliament. It was amusing to Po* 'e and Radicals contending for the er °f the Crown against the authority of the <aj^a*,lre> ail(l this too on a question in which Cry l°n's involved. Oh, what an indignant out- spk XV°l,Jd have burst from the Whits of the old cUool v the n%€KLord John Russell's proposition been by ggestion of Tory: but the barriers erected lap Consisttnt constitutional jealousy are over- lhe agile and flexible Whigs of 1835, t»j)° leave these matters to the care of those Tight ^'ere is anything in our ancient privileges worth defendyig. Ue8<^ay n'ght, a clause was discussed, by I II litalid" freeinen who might, as the law now V<*t ',ave acquired a right by birth or servitude ^Ct £ d1uParl iamenfary franchise—and this was by authors of the Reform Bill! I A noble but unavailing stand against this disqua- lifying clause was made by Sir W. Follett and Sir James Graham, but the amendment of the former by which such rights would have been left untouched, was lost by a majority of 46. The simple statement is, that a right conferred by the Parliamentary Reform Bill in perpetuity, has been taken away by the authors of that Bill, under a clause on the Municipal Reform Bill !1! On Wednesday evening, however, Lord John Russell thought fit to relax the severity of this clause in favour of the inchoate rights of those who are under indentures of apprenticeship," not deeming, however, those who might, under the old law, become freemen by the accident of birth," worthy to be honored with the same in- dulgence: Now seeing that it is more by the accident of birth" than by great mental acquire- ments that his Lordship has acquired his present position, we cannot but think his distinction a little ungrateful. However hereditary freemen are henceforth abolished, and we may well enquire-What next?
The Roman Catholic Oath became the subject of discussion in the House on Monday—on the presentation of a petition from Birmingham by Sir Robert Inglis. It is beneath the diguity of an honest mind to tamper with, or to endeavour to explain away the meaning of an oath the "animus 'imponcidis;' the spirit in which the oath is administered is the spirit in which it ought to be binding on the conscience of the taker.-It was intended to be a sufficient security on the admission of Roman Catholics into the House, against such interference on their part, as would disturb the settlement of Ecclesiastical property; and had not this oath been considered sufficient by all parties, the Catholic Relief Bill would not have passed.—It is useless encumbering so plain a proposition with long speeches and Je- suitical reasonings—the oath has not been found adequate to its purpose-to bind those for whom it was intended—nor can we believe that upon this question any oath that could be framed would have the desired effect. The only remedy we can suggest is that on all occasions where the interests of the Protestant Church are directly before the House, the Romanists should be com- pelled to leave it, to exclude in fact by express enactment Roman Catholic Members from Ec- clesiastical legislation.— The speeches of Mr O'Connell and Mr Ssheil on this subject on Monday, are invaluable docu- ments, they were worthy of the pnrty to which they belong, and of the religion of which they are the organs-Mr O'Connell was coarse and vulgar in his remarks upon "the humdrum manner of Sir Robert Inglis-mark the supe. riority of the Standard in the use of personal weapons when it condescends, and it is a con- descension, to employ them. "Mr O'Connell outdid bimself-we may not characterise his speech in the House of Commons as it deserves but we -will say, that the speaker of the speech last night appears to have softened nothing from the most brutal brawler of the Corn Exchange Association. Mr Shiel was the dying, eradicated Mandrake, in person, whih utters- That unimaginable shriek, that none may hear and live. We tell Messrs Shiel and O'Connell, however, plainly, this will not do. Litera scripta manet; there is the oath; all their bellowing and squealing cannot bellow or queal 'the seal from off the bond!' The Roman Catholic members are sworn, in words as plain as the Englishlanguage affords, to defend the property of the Church as settled by law, and not to exercise their parliamentary privileges to the dis- turbance or injury of the Church.' They may make long speeches, and they do make long speeches and angry speeches, to reconcile a scheme ot Church robbery with this oath. But everybody knows that they could make long speeches, and would make long speeches to justify Mr Hume in swearing that 'black is white,' should it occur to that gentleman to re- deem his pledge in that particular. The only effect of long speeches in such a case of concurrent trans- gression, is to take away from the transgressor the palliative, or apology of inadvertence."
Whilst we do not affectvery great regret that the Bill of Mr Poulter, for the better observance of the Sabbath has been thrown out by the House of Commons, we are entirely at variance with the sentiments of his opponents, and are decidedly opposed to the spirit in which the measure was resisted. The extent to which Sabbath legis- lation can be carried is, we think, the protection of Christians in the exercise of their religious duties, the prevention of all flagrant and indecent violation of the Day itself, and the affording all classes a right of exemption from labour on the Lord's Day to compel men to keep it holy is impossible they may be legislated into formal- ists, and into Pharisaical observances, but' the worship of God in the way he requires, in sin- cerity and truth," is beyond all Acts of Parlia- ment—the day is as mnch profaned by the idler as by the Sunday traveller. We could wish that these conscientious persons who have persevered, in spite of repeated failures, would not hazard the good they may do by attempting too much—they would carry an irresistible weight and the general sympathy of all Christians, if they had a little more judgment.
= Much has been said and written about Cobbett. we cannot, perhaps, over-rate his talents, but we must be permitted to lament their application- He was an extraordinary man—a clever man but he wantadall the ingredients that constitute a great and good man. What Johnson said of Junius may, xvith some qualification, be applied to Cobbett-11 tending sedition ascendant he was able to advance it-finding the nation combustible he was able to inflame it: let us abstract from his wit the vivacity of insolence, and withdraw from its efficacy the sympathetic favour of plebeian malignity, I do not say that we shall leave him nothing, but if we leave him only his merit, what will be his praise ?"
A letter inktjie Times of Wednesday (fetalis a scheme of th,. blackest villainy, and to which, the most elaborate publicity should be given.— An advertisement for a governess, a Lady of accomplishments, is inserted, and from the en- quirers the scoundrel of an advertiser intended to select his victirn,-otir blood curdles as we write for human depravity. To run the gauntlet through indignant. fathers and brothers is the mildest punishment we would award the rascal, but there may have been the unprotected the defenceless o;phan-the insult to her should be answered by a thunderbolt.
The Turkish fleet, which the Allgemeine Zeitung assured us was intended for a different service, arrived at Tripoli on the 25th ult., deposed Sidi AIi, the Chief of tbe Regency without opposition, and carried him off to Constantinople. He was of the dynasty of Cazumante, which had reigned in Tripoli and Tunis for 200 years the Sultan, it is plain, is guided by Russian influence in the transaction. Out- Ministers, in the meantime, are embroiling us in contests which are either of no importance to English interests, or directly opposed to them. Russia appears to be meditating some great move- ment. Positive information has been received at Constantinople from Oddessa, that a Russian force, of upwards of 4U.OOO men. had marched down to the principal ports of the Black Sea, and that transports had been sent to the voast of Circassia to canvi-y the troops in thitt country into Bessarabia. Their, fleet at Sebastopoi is ready for sett, and for active service, and the troops are daily exercised. We learn that a san- guinary insurrection has broken out at Bosnia, which will afford a pretext for Russian interference; and the first corps of the troops destined for Kalisch, com- posed of savage tribes, Curds, &c. has entered Poland, acting with great barbarity. Eighty thousand Rus- sians, and five thousand Prussian Guards, are to as- semble in the duchy of Posen, in the month of Sep- tember. By advices from Rome to the 7th instant it is stated that the country wore a most promising appearance, and there was every prospect of an abundant crop ot a!) kinds of grain.
EXTRACT FROM AN ESSAY ON CAERPHILLY CASTLE. About this time (1316) also, Le Despencer took ad- vantage of Mortimer's attainder to seize upon the castle of Caerpliillv, which has been mentioned as descending to the Moil liners by the widow of an earl of Glou- cester and having fortified it by additional defences, was enabled for some time to withstand the forces brought against him by the incensed barons, although they finally obtained possession of it. 1321.-By a series of acts of oppression in Wales and elsewhere, Hugh Le Despencer, and Hugh his son, arrayed the whole realm in arms against themselves and their monarch, and raised that fearful storm which involved them all in a common destruction. 1326.-20. E. IIlI.-In 1326, the queen and her pa- ramour Mortimer, having taken up arms, the king, attended by the Despencers and Baldock the chancel- lor, fled from London, to which he never returned. As the flight of the king from his barons and remorse- less queen, has, in its details, been generally neglected by historians, it may be useful to give the following rather minute particulars, compiled chiefly from, or at least corrected by, writs issued by the monarch on his passage. Fcedera in loco.-Tiie king was at Westminster on the 2nd of October, and at Acton on the same day. On the 10th, with a few followers, pursued by his queen with a much larger number, he rested at Gloucester, whence the elder Despencer, then ninety years old, was dispatched to defend the castle of Bristol.* From Gloucester, the king, accompanied by the younger Despencer and Robt. Baldock, his chancellor, proceeded to Tintern, where he rested upon the 14th and 15th, and then remained at Striguil until the 21st. He was at Cardiff during the 27th and 28th, whence, probably deeming himself unsafe, he returned to Caerphilly, where he issued writs, bearing date the 29th and 30th of the month, to Rhese ap Griffith and others, giving them power to raise troops: Rhese seems to have been perfectly in the royal confidence, as his commis- sion is unlimited. Whether Edward thought Caerphilly too near the English border, or whether the garrison was too small to defend its extensive outworks, does not appear; but leaving Despencer to defend the castle, he retired to Margam, where he was on the 4th of November, and thence to Neath, where he rested the next day, and whence he issued a safe conduct to the abbot of that monastery, as his ambassador to the queen and Mortimer. Here he was joined by Despencer, who having surren- dered Caerphilly to the queen and prince Edward, upon assurance of life, limb, and the oblivion of all things wherefore he was besieged in that castle, had been per- mitted to make his escape. As Edward is only certainly known to have been at Caerphilly on the 30th, and at Margam on the 4th, there remains an interval of not more than four whole days, and possibly a portion of two others, during which his wanderings are unrecorded. If we suppose that he employed the interval in proceeding by sea to Margam, taking water at Cardiff or some neighbouring port, we shall be able to reconcile the narrative of Walsingham with that given above. Walsingham, whose informa- tion, though generally correct, is not always minute, makes him take water from Striguil. It seems, how- ever, more probable, that he went first to Caerphilly. Froissart says that the king and Despencer, jun., held the castle, and Despencer, sen., and the earl of Arundel, the town, of Bristol, against the queen's forces; and that the two latter were executed under the walls of that castle, within sight of the king and all within it. He also relates that the king and Despencer jun. were taken on the seas while escaping from Bristol, and brought back thither: points in which he is not borne out by any other contemporary writer, (within the circle of my reading.) Froissart was clearly never in that part of England, and seems to have been misinformed. Fabyan merely givers a very general statement, agreeing, as far as it goes, with Froissart. The king, Despencer, and Baldock, remained at Neath until the 10th, when Henry earl of Lancaster, Master ap Howell, (afterwards justiciary of Wales) and William La Zouch, having lands and power in the neighbourhood, were sent to watch the king, who finally, with his two minions, was seized near the castle of Llantursan.t The next writ is dated Ledbury, 13th of November, and finally the king was conveyed to Kenil worth, on the 14th of December. Baldock, being an ecclesiastic, was confined to New- gate, where he died within the year; and Despencer, being hanged at Hereford, as his father before him had been at Bristol, his honors became extinct, and his estates reverted to the crown. He left, however, a widow, Eleanor, who stood in the relationship of cousin to the king. I. E. ill.Kityghton.At the coronation of the new monarch, we find mentioned among the nobles present, Hugh Le Despencer, who seems to have been the eldest son ofLe Despencer, and who died finally without issue. "He delivered up," says Knyghton, "the castle of Caerphilly, which he had from his father, to the king, and placed himself at his disposal, who in return granted unto him safety of life and limb.Prom the West of England Journal. Walsingbam says that the elder Despencer was dis- mistcd from Striguil. t LUntris,i nt. MASONIC FESTIVAL.—(From a Correspondent.) -I tie f estival at t. Jonn oapusrs Nativity was celebrated by the Merthyr Freemasons, in their Lodge-room, at the Bush Inn, on Wednesday last. From the unfavorableness of the weather the atten- dance was not so numerous as expected. Still hap- piness and love reigned triumphant; joy and glad- ness pervaded the festivity of the brotherhood. Prejudice may attach to Masonry whatever is con- genial with ignorance, or assimilates to a mind void of liberal principles; those only who have been initiated into the Royal Art can speak of its incom- parable beauties with spirit and in truth. As the laws of the Institution forbid intemperance, t-odo they inculcate a wise use of such things as will conduce to recreation and rational enjoyment, Temperance seemed to be in attendance, as usual, at the festive board on Wednesday last, and at an early hour the brethren retired to their respective residences, after having rationally enjoyed Brother Davis's prime wines, and the produce of Sister Davis's superior direction in that department where Hungry stomachs like to meet. WITHDRAWAL or THE "SMALL TENEMENTS BILL.After the preamble of the above Bill had been proved, as stated in our last paper, Colonel Wood (the member for Brecon) proposed a resolution that ail tenements of and utiderE5 rent should be exempted from the operation of the Bill. This resolution was carried by a majority of one. On the following day the promoters of the Bill withdrew it altogether, con- ceiving that it had been virtually ueutralized by the above alteration. EXPLOSION OF FOUL AIR.-On Wednesday the 171h instant, Mr Thomas Kirkhouse, son of the principal mine agent at Cyfarthfa, and Mr Thomas Howel, coal agent, Rhyd-y-Car, went into the Pond Level, Cwm Cannaid, to inspect the work, and ima- gining the collier was at work in the level, they took in their candle. We are sorry to say that both these persons have been very severely burnt.by explosion of foul air. The collier had not worked there for two or three days, and the usual preventatives had been discontinued. When Sir Humphrey Davy's lamp was first invented, it was predicted that no one would thenceforward enter suspected ground without that simple and easy safeguard but how soon is cau- tion forgotten even by the best informed and most ex- perienced ROMAN CoiNs.-Tlie tremendous thunder- storm on Monday se'nnight, laid open to view in one of the small valleys near the Middle Bank Copper Works, Swansea, a pot or urn of Roman coins, con- sisting of Victoi inus, Gallienus, Claudius Gothieus, Tetricus, Tetricus Cses, Posthumus, Quintilius, Marius, and Salonina, many of them in perfect pre- servation. The vessel containing them was of an oval shape, about eight inches long, four inches wide, and four deep, but it was unfortunately broken either by the rolling stones, or the person who first diticoved it. -Hereford Journal.
BRECONSHIRE. CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.—The Anniver- sary of the Crickhowel Association of this Society, was held on Tuesday, the 28th instant, both tie morning service in the church, when the cause ot Missions was advocated in a most impressive sermon, by the vicar, the Rev. H. Vaughan, and the evening meeting in the Infant School-Room, were numerousty and most respectably attended. The collections amounted to upwards of £ 50. A growing interest in this deeply important subject evidently exists in this ulace and neighbourhood. BRECKNOCK COUNTY GAOL. Prisoners for Trial at the Assizes. Ditto Ditto at theSessiotis. 6 Dino under sentence 8 Deserted from Iloy»l Aitiliery. 1 Debtors 5 Totat. 21
COURT OF F,,XCIIEQUFIR.-The Kiiig v. Gronow. Mr Cumming stated that in this case a Captain Welch hud.i)eeti duty outlawed by process of law, and on inquiry had been taken before the f bei-itf of Middle- sex, in order to find out any debts due to the outlaw, at which Captain Gronow appeared as a witness, and stated that he was indebted to Captain Welch 1,0001, upon a bond, the interest of which he had paid to Welch for many years, and that he was willing to pay the money when ever the bond was delivered up.—These facts were proved by Mr puller, as well as the service of a summons upon the de- fendant, who did not now appear.—Verdict for the cro wn. GEORGE RoBINS.-If we may judge by our coluinus today, and those of former days, one halt of South Wales is going through the hands of this cele- brated auctioneer. We have frequently heard this gentleman say, that the rents are better paid in Wales than in any other part of the United Kingdom.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE AND GUARDIAN. 0 SIR,-During the rebellion which took place in Ireland in, I believe, 1798, the Catholic secret watch-word was — E L 1 H H 1 S M ATIS; each letter of which is the initial of a word, and the fol- lowing the explanation, viz.:—"Every Loyal Irish Protestant Heretio I Shall Murder, And This I Swear." How far the tenets and practices of the Irish Roman Catholics of the present day accord with the terms of this horrible oath, I leave to those to judge who have read the account of the exposures made at the meeting held in Exeter Hall, on Saturday last and the revolting accounts which the newspapers give of the barbarous murders of almost daily oc- currence in that flnhappy, I might say, priest-cursed country. Yours, Mr Editor, A PROTESTANT.
CARDIFF EISTEDDFOD. TOTHE EDITOR OFTHE GAZETTE AiD C-UARDIAN. ,Sift, -Some time figo, anticipating our late splendid National Eisteddfod, and Musical Feslival, I published, through the medium of your columns, several letters on the various Eisteddfodau that have, at different periods, been held in Glamorganshire, and referred to all the important ones, except the magnificent Bardic Congress held, for three days, at Beaupre (Bewper), under the zealous patronage,and at the entire expense of Sir Richard Bassett, in 1681. 1 have just received a short English Ode, puhlhhed anonymously, to the Princess Victoria, one of the nu- merous subjects of the Cardiff Eisteddfod, and it has strongly invigorated my reminiscences of that dis- tinguished event, at the m re thought of which —' Remembrance wakes, with her bu,v train. SvvelU at my breast," and recal's to mental view the literary constellation that illumined the too trausient scene. The present poem is an irregular ode, mostly in It, octo-syllabic lines, of Iambic verse, composed, I will venture to assert, by Thomas W. Booker, Esquire, of Velindref, near Liandaff. The general, but ultimately disappointed, expecta- tion that the Princess and her Royal mother would honour the Eisteddfod wit h their presence, constitutes a prominent feature of the poem. In the latter part of the exordial stanza, A minstrel (to use the expressions of the author's lucid argument) on the arrival of the Royal Patronesses seizes, atnidft the universal joy, his harp, and sings a lay of welcome." After offering a votive stanza to national attachment, he thus propitiates his harp to describe the congenial serenity of the morning that so auspiciously seemed tohail the assembling Congress. Then wake, my Harp thy noblest strain- For nobler theme was never given j- Lo! o'er Glamorgan's fair domain, Benignant beam the smiles of ll'eav'n. Then, while 11 carols and paeans rend the sky," the beauty and elegance of the assembly, and the pealing welcome to the Princess, supposed to grace the scene, are thus vividly delineated And, )o! amid the glittering throng, Instinct with life, and mirth, and glee, A form I see, to which belong The pomp and pride of Royalty. Hail! star of Brunswick." In just appreciation of "a nation's lore," the author proceeds Oh there is in a nation's love A holy, deep intiansity. lie now addresses the Supreme Giver, in pious in- vocation for Divine blessing on the Royal visitors Father! enthion'd above the sky, 0 hear an empire's call Thou listen'st to the raveu's crv, Hear, when we lift our cry to Thee For One, wbose future destiny Inspires this anxious pray'r. Kingdoms are Thine. Thou King of Kings To Thine all-wise decree a The loftiest and the meanest things! Alike owe fealty." A wish for Cambria's weal follows:- If And while Thy praise and pow'r are sung Thro' worlds and distant skies, May Cambria's harp be sweetly strung With softest melodies 't Free be her chords! her miustrclsfree. To tread their land of liberty l" The following exquisite stanza, that so truly deve- lopes the Poeta nascitur, must be quoted en I ircly "Free be her bards! their sacred lays And hallow'd rites to sing,— Their wreaths of never-fading bays O'er virtues shrine to flinir t The essence of th' immortal soul- How in their course the planets roll The order of the heavenly spheres The mysteries of by-gone years— With sacr< d truth to tell!- Singing their country's pristine fame,- Embalming many a treasur'd name, Kindling bright emulation's fialn,, Ob! guard their nin.stic sn,il-" How he grasped the fire from Heaven, constitutes not my present inquiry, but this gifted- bard has made considerable approaches to the sacred circle of Pruidisni. A tributary verse is in succession, devoted to his present Majesty William, our Patriot King." Then, reverting to hi« chief theme of song, the youthful Princess, he 6ays;_ b' ^dA^hJn b.e heavenly wisdom shed, Like dew on her devoted head." A.ga'D •—' Dominion over faild'a^K^seaJ1 8 But peaceful be thy reign." In conclusion 'm^nf irf lo guard our laws, Maintain rd,gl0lj.s ha„l)w-d cause> 6 ,• av n 8 before this world's applau«e." Let it not, lor one rnoin«M,» h*. K. iu. -u. IJ "U'JUp.;U\ lU(J,1. I "u, in anywise, impugn the upright decision of the truly honourable, and very competent, judges who held the Astrsean Ba.ance, with undeviating integrity but it is no small enhancement of the successful candidate's victory (John Lloyd, Esq. of Dinas, Breconshire,) that he bore off the palm having so sweet a roiostrelu* competition with him. Had not our author's attention been particularly diverted to the consideration of another subject, that, jn the sequel, crowned his brows with bays, it is sufficiently probable that better success would have sufficiently probable that better success would have attended his muse. I remain,Sir, Yours obediently, AB IOLO.
Mr J. W. Davis, Son of Dr. Davis, ofPresteign has been elected from the foundation of Browgrove School, to a Scholarship of Worcester' College, Oxford. The detachmeut of the 9th Lancers, which re- cently caine over from Dublin to Liverpool in the Cumberland steamer, were at one time in so great danger that it was recommended to kill thirty or forty of the horses, and throw them overboard to lighten the vessel..Ry tj,e gj^n Qf the captain and exertions of the crew, however she at length made Holyhead, where nine of the horses were landed, and left so much injured i,» HIP— Glou- cester Chronicle. ""D"" FAIRS.—At Chepstow, on Saturday, business was by no means b. isk, in consequence, the dealers say, ot the growers demanding too high prices, and much of the wool was taken home unsold; where business was done, the terms were, inferior samples, 16., prime, 19s. 6d. per stoue of ) 3Ibs.-At Mon- mouth, on Ihursday, there was more than an average supply ot wool, and the trade was lively, at from 178. to 20s. a few samples remained on hand, and the latter quotation, We believe, only being obtained in a few instances. The general quality of the wool, this year, appears to be of a superior description, and the probability is, that it wi- I fully maintain the above quotations. A correspondent at Rosli says, that iu that neighbourhood, 20s. per stone is freely odered. At Ross, on Thursday, there was but a small show of steers and fat cows 'the lattel. of which experienced a small decline, but steers fetched rather better prices than at the last fair. There was a full iiverage supply of sheep, and small weights sold readily at 5id. per pound heavy ones only realised 5d. per pound. In the horse fair, which was not well attended, good hacks were in demand, but carters did not sell.-At Shrewsbury, fat hEep sold at from 5ld. to to 51d. per pound, Pigs of a:1 kinds were generally lower than at the pi eceding fair. Prime cattle sold at from bid. to 6d. per pound. Cheese advanced in price. Bacon was 4d. to 4id. and hams were 5d. to 5id. per pound. The remains of Sir Andrew Corbet, Bart, were interred in the family vault at Moreton Corbet 011 Sa- turday morning last It is a singular fact that the ale which was banded round for refreshment at the funeral was brewed on the day the late Sir Andrew I Corbet was boru. — Hcrejord Journal-
-=- FAIRS FOR: JULY. Cl-,imo?,ganshire,-Caerphilly, July 19; Ely, July 22; Merthyr Tydvil. July IS; Neath, July 18 J Penrice, July lo Swansea, July 2. Brecknockshire.—Brecknock, Julv 5; Talgarh, Jilv 10. Monmouthshire.—Caeileon, July 20; Castletown. Julv 25 Pon'ypool, July 5, Tredegar, July IS. Carmj.rthens!tire.—Carmarthen, July 10; Dryslwyn, July 1, Llandovery, July 31; Llangadock, July 9; Llansawel, July 26, Llanybydder, July 17; Newcastle July Is.
A WFUL COLLIERY EXPLOSION. One of those dreadful explosions which have been so lamentably frequent ill mining districts took place at one of Mr Russell's collieries at Wallseud, known by the name of the Church Pit, or Russells Old Wallsend, on Thursday afternoon, by which it is feared that up- wards of a hundred individua's, men and boy", have lost their lives. The number of workpeople employed in this col'iery is about 220. The hewers commence working early in the morning, and having finished getting the coal, it is left to be brought to the bottom of the shaft by the younger men and boys during the day. As every individual who was down the shaft at the time of the explosion remains there still, it is not known, nor, as all have probably perished, is it likely to be explained, by what means this lamentable catas- j trophe was occasioned. Similar accidents have gene- rally been produced by incautiously removing the gauze from the safety lamps; and it is supposed in this instance to have originated in the same way, though every precaution was taken to prevent its removal. The coliiery was viewed in the morning by Mr Atkin- son and his son, under-viewers, and it was by them considered p rfectly safe and secure in every respect, there not bfing the least indication of any escape of gas, and at the time of the explosion there were four over men and deputies down who had been accus- fouied to work in the pits for upwards of thirty years. These are among :he sufferers. The catastrophe was made known to the banksmen by a con-idoabie report, which they speak of as being like an earth- quake, accompanied by a rushing of choke damp to the mouth of the shaft, bringing up with it some of the pitmen's clothes and other light articles from the bottom. There are two other shafts connected with the same colliery, ia one of which only two men were at work, who say that they felt a slight shock and soon after a quantity of choke damp. They escaped by being drawn up immediately. III the third shaft no one was at work. On the alarm being given, eight men volunteered to go down, in the hope of being able to save and bring up some of their com- panions. After descending to the bottom, however, in attempting to go into the works, they instantly found themselves being suffocated by the foul air they had the greatest difficulty in regaining the ropes, and were almost insensible before they could he drawn up again. We aresorry to say that butsmall hopes are enter- tained of being able to save any of their iives, as it is feared that either by bëiug burnt at the moment ot tile explosion or suffocated since, they are already the victims of this melancholy accident. The re atives and friends of the poor sufferers are in a dreadful state of. anxiety-almo- t to distraction. In 1821 there was an explosion at the sam: colliery, by whiili seventy-five fives were lost. Up to a late hour last evening, the accounts received from Wa'lsend • a'e that twenty-one bodies had been raised from tie it. Many of these were uumulilated, and had conse- quently been killed by the after-damp—in other words, the f)ul air which remains after explosion. It appears that the awful number of 104 persons are missing, all of whom, there is too much reason to fear must have perished. -Newcastle Jouriial of Saturday INQUEST ON THE BODIES. At eight o'clock on Friday evening a jury assem- bled at tiie office of John Buddie, Esq., the head viewer or professional conductor of the mine. The jury went to the houses of the deceased to view the bodies. In one instance two brothers were laid on the same bed, and inanother house lay, btretched side by side, the father and son. After performing the duty of viewing the bodies, the inque-t was adjourned to Monday the 22d. No evidence was consequently gone into, and in the absence of direct testimony we refrain from repeating the conjectures of individuals- connected with the mine, as to the cause of explosion.
A Dublin Paper records the loss by the ligh*- ning of not less than 42 head of cattle in one field at Jabestown, nearTuller and of 18 cows and heifers, 23 sheep, and one ass and a goat, at the Hill of Tallaght! The suspected parties in the Pool murder (Mrs. Evans and Rogers) are yet at large, the officer sent after them having returned without tracing them further than London, whence, it is given out, they escaped to France. Other suspicions respecting them are entertained, not unreasonably: but more vigorous measures are now taking for their appre- hensidti. Subscriptions are now raising in Mont- gomeryshirejfor rewarding those who may apprehend them the Lord Lieutenant, and, through him, the Home Secretary, are memorialized to co operate in bringing them to justice, and with such assistance if vigorously pursued,- they cannot long escape.— Shrewsbury Chronicle.—[The deceased, Mr Evans, about twelve years since, kept a draper's shop in Devizes.]
MARRIED. On the 16th instant, at Richmond, Henry Brown, Ksq. of the Bombay Civil Service, to Eliza Ann, younges daughter of Sir Harry V. Darrell, Bart. On the 18th iust., at the residence of Frederick Villebok, Esq., Adbury Lodge, near Newbury, Laura Anne, eldest daughter of the late Major-General Oliver Jones, of Fonmon Castle, Glamorganshire, to the Rev. William Annesley, third son of the Rev. Arthur Anaesley, of Clifford, in War- wicksbire. At Cardiff, on Thursday 25tli inst., by the Rev. James Graham, Mr Whiting to Mary Ann, second daughter of Mr John Smith, Glove and Shears, both of Cardiff. At Chepstow, by the Rev. James Davis, M.A. Vicar, Mr B. Greening, shoemaker, to Miss Winifred Watkius, both of that town. At Swansea, on Sunday last, Mr Henry Lloyd, grocer, of this place, to Miss Whapham.of St. Nicholas, in this county. At Swansea, on Monday last, Mr Warren, of Canterbury, to Miss Ann Howells, of VVind Street, Swansea DIED. Suddenly, at Newbridge, on Friday night the I9;h inst. Mr Evan Cule, carpenter, aged 60 years. He had been at his work as usual the whole of that day, and, after breath- ing a heavy sigh, died in his bed about 12 at night; thereby confirming, (if confirmation were wanting) that In the midst of life we are in death." At Crickhowel, on Friday, the 19th instant, aged 4,5 Lieut. B. Griffiths, R. N. At the same place, on Tuesday last, aged 43, Mr Thomas Williams, painter and glazier. At Chepstow, James, son of J. Lea, shoemaker. On the 23d inst. at the Boot Inn, Mt-rihyr Tydfil, of a rapid decline, David second son of the late Mr Thomas Treharne, Rhed yr Caer, whose de*.th will be lamented by a large circle of friends. On Monday, 22d instant, at Monmouth, aged 12 years, Edward, youngest son of Mr Win. Jones, of the Birh-y Mow, Monnow street. On Tuesday, 23d instant, at Monmouth, aged 58, Ann, relict of Mr James Renie, painter and glazier. On Wednesday, 24th instant, at Monmouth, Ann, wifa of Mr James Preece, painter, Monnow street, aged 37. At Glyn-coch, Llanwonno, on the 24th instant, Evan Lewis, for more than 50 years the faithful servant of the late Mr Evan Griffiths, of that place. Near Dublin, on the 14th inst. Mr Justice Vandeleur. (The vacant Judgeship is to be offered to the new Attorney General, Mr Perrin ) I On the 14th inst. in London, in consequence of a fall from his horse, Albert, second son of Thomas Tho nas, Esq. of Cevencethin, near Llandilo. This lamented young man was only in his 18th year and was a midship- man in his Majesty's navy. At Torquay, on the 16th inst. Catharine Elizabeth, only daughter of the late Robert Augustus Hyndman, of the colony of Demerara. On the 16th instant, after a lingering illness, her Grace the Duchess of Argyll. On the 18th inst. at his farm. in Surrey, aged 73, the celebrated William Cobbett, M.P. On the 14:h instant, Cecil Tufton Phelp, Esq. Lieu- tenant Royal Navy. second son of the late Col Phelp, formerly of Cottrel, Glamorganshire. On the 17th instant, at Wakefield, at the residence of her uncle, Dr. Thomas, Miss Maria Margaretta New, third daughter of the late Capt. Thomas New. R N. formerly of Swansea. She was to have been married on that day to the Rev. G. A. Butterton. On the 19th instant in his 70th year, the Earl of Cour- town. He is succeeded by his eldest son, Viscount Stop- ford, now in his 42d year. The late Earl married Lady Mary Scott, eldest daughter of the third Duke of Bur- cleugb and the present Earl married Lady Charlotte Albinia Scott, daughter of the fourth D'lke of Buccleugh. On the 31st of last January, at Callao, Lieut. William Russell Drummond, of his Majesty's ship Satellite, youngest son of General Sir Gordon Drummond. At Brighton, on the 17th instant, Sir Francis Laforry, Bart. Admiral of the Blue, and Kniirht Commander of the Bath. On the 19th inst., in Nottinghamshire, the Right Hon. Henry, Lord Middleton, aged 75. ERRATUM.—We copied from the London papers the marriage of Miss Forman, to Mons. Aly de Boulogne. We L are informed that it should be to Motis. Aly, of Boulogne."