BRECONSHIRE. A W lUG PUBIC DINNEIL-The friends of Lloyd Vaughan Watkins, Esq. M.P. dined together, the hon. gentleman in the chair, at the Swan Inn, Brecon, on Thursday week. The entertainment was sump- tuous, circulars were issued, and active measures adopted, to give eclat to the festival ;—and sixteen persons sat down to dinner, to do honour to the honourable gentleman CHRISTMAS IS COMING.—That extraordinary fat cow, bred and fed by Mr. Tully, of Clyro, was exhibited at Brecon on Saturday last, to the ad- miration of hundreds. She has won several prizes at different shows, and is allowed to be equal to any cow in the kingdom of the true Herefordshire breed. She has been purchasad by Mr. Bright, of Brecon, butcher, and is to be slaughtered forChrist- mas market. BUILTH.—ACT OF BENEVOLENCE -Georg-e Holford, Esq. of Altmawr, sent last week to the ltev. John Price, of Builth 50 yards of flannel and some blankets for distribution among the poor of that place. It is due to the benevolent character of Mr. Holford to add, that this is his annual gift to the poor of Builth since he came to reside in the neighbourhood. s On the 11th of Dec. Morgan Williams was brought before 'he Rev. Archdeacon Davies, snd com- mitted to the county gaol for trial at the assizes, on the charge of Ann Kinsey, of the parish of Llanthew, for burglariously entering her house, and stealing certain articles therefrom, and afterwards by an alarming threat, extorting from her all the money which she had about her person. INQUEST.—On Tuesday, the 17th instant, an inquest was held before Henry Maybery, Esq. one of the Coroners for the county of Brecon, on the body of Llewellyn Pritchard, farm-servant to Mr. Michael Morgan, of Cantreff, in that county. The deceased was returning home from Brecon on Tuesday evening with his horses, which were geared together, and in attempting to drive the horses across a ford of a brook called the Cundrig, which was much flooded by the recent heavy rains, the horses were carried down the current to a foot bridge about fifty yards below. The deceased ran down to the bridge, and notwithstanding his being warned by several persons standing on the opposite side not to attempt the bridge, he still persisted in doing so; and while making use of his whip to extricate his horses, one of them got its head under the Ibridge, and by the shock, threw the deceased headlong into the water he was carried down a distance of about 300 yards, and upon his being picked up was quite dead his head was much cut by the large rocks over which he must have rolled,-A verdict was returned ac- cordingly.
FLINTSHIRE ESTEDDFOD.—Sir Stephen Glynne the member for the Flintshire Boroughs, has con- tributed 50/. as a donation towards the funds of the intended grand Flintshire Eisteddfod. MILFORD.—On Friday week last, about 11 PM. His Majesty's Post Office Steam Packet, Sybil, Capt. Roberts, was run foul of by an East lndiaman, home- ward bound from Bombay, off the Barges Light, but fortunately she received no other damage than the loss of her head. The greatest praise is due to Capt. Roberts for his humane conduct on the occasion, having accompanied the ship upwards of four hours lest any accident should have befallen her. SERIOUS AcclDEsT.-On Tuesday morning Wil- liam Rutledge, a seaman belonging to his Majesty's Revenue Cutter, Skylark, had his leg broken to pieces in serving out the chain cable, and on being examined, it was found necessary to undergo am- putation, which was accordingly done on Wednes- day, and we are happy to say the poor fellow is doing well. BODY FOUND.—On Tuesday afternoon, about one o'clock, 70 pigs, and the body of one man, were washed ashore at Freshwater East, near Milford, supposed to have came ashore from a vessel recently wrecked on that coast- .MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT—We have just heard (Wednesday last) that an American vessel has been washed ashore at Freshwater East, near the city oi St. David's, with upwards of 60 passengers on board, of whom only ten were saved. The particulars have not yet transpired, but will appear in our next. ] NQuEsT.-On Tuesday lasj, an inquest was held on the body of George Hixon, a seaman belonging to the pilot-boat Mary Ann, who was drowned as mentioned in our paper of the week. before last. Ver- dict-Found Drowned. THE WEATHER.—The weather has been extremely boisterous duriug the last week; wind from S. to S.W. with heavy falls of rain and sleet. DEATH BY FIRL-AR-ils.-A melancholy acci- dent occurred a few days ago at Maesleinystin, Mont- gomeryshire, the sporting seat of Lord Visconnt Clive. His Lordship and a party of friends had been out shooting, and the gamekeeper laid down his loaded gun on a table a person touched the per- cussion lock, and the contents entered the groin of the gardener. Lord Clive, with his characteristic humanity and kindness mounted a horse and rode off for a surgeon; but the man died before assistance could be procured. --C'hester Cuurant. A BIDDING.—A proof that the old national custom of a Welsh Bidding is not extinct has come under our view, in the maniage of John Richards and Ann Morris, of Llandovery, who have issued their bidding" to their friends to visit them at their own house on Thursday and yesterday, and make them their customary presents. CARMARTHEN NEW BANK.—We have much pleasure in announcing to our readers that a new Bank will beopcn in this town, on the first of January next, under the firm of Biddulph, Brothers, and Co. The parties are connected with a banking estab- lishment of the highest respectability in London.— Carmarthen Journal. SHIPWRECK.—On Monday last, the Providence, of Hail (Cornwall), Veal, master, bound from Hail to Swansea with a cargo of copper ore, struck on the Laugharne sands in Carmarthen bay, during a heavy fog, which prevented the crew from seeing the coast until they were on the flats. The crew succeeded in landing safely through the surf, and it is hoped the cargo will be saved but the vessel haviug lost her bulwarks, deck, Scr., must become a total wreck.— Ibid. BRUTAL ASSAULT.—Thomas and John Mabe, butchers, were brought before W. B. Swann, Esq., one of his Majesty>s Justices of the peace, at Narberth, charged with having violently and brutally assaulted Thomas Bowen, plaisterer, on that day, in the Market- place, lately built by the Baron de Rutzen. It ap peared from the evidence, that a dispute had occurred between one of the Mabes aad the sou of Bowen on that morning, which ended in blows, the former gaining the victory. The elder Bowen, on being in- formed that his son bad"beeii beaten, went into the market-place with a large club, bratidi-iiiiig it in the air, and threatening the butchers with punishment for the injury they intiicted upon his son this led to a tremendous fight between the friends of both parties —the plaisterer with Iiis club, and the bnlchers their s cleavers, knives steels, and saws, which were used C, indiscriminately. After considerable difficulty they were at length separated, but not before Bowen was dreadfully wounded, and he now lies in a most dan gerous state. The charge, after a long and patient in vestigation, was clearly proved by very many wit- nesses against John Mabe and his brother Thomas as particclj4 criminis. It appearingfrorn the evidence of Mr. James, surgeon, that inUammation was to be apprehended from the contused and lacerated state of the head, which was indicted by a saw, and that death may be the consequence. The prisoners were com- mitted to the county gao1 until Thursday next, when the result may be more clearly aseei-i ai tied lbi(,I. GLOCESTER AND BIRMINGHAM RAILWAY.—At a meeting held yesterday week at Dudley to take into consideration this projected improvement, it was unanimously resolved that it was expedient to form the road, according to the plan laid down by Mr. Wooddeson, on a line passing through Tewkesbury, Cheltenham, near to Worcester, through Kidder- minster, Stourbridge, Dudley, thence by a tunnel under Rowley Hill, near Oldbury, to Birmingham. The thanks of the meeting were most cordially voted to Mr, Wooddeson. SHIPWRECK.—VVe regret to state that the Lord Blayney, Steam Packet, from Newry to Liver- pool, with several passengers and a valuable cargo, was lost off the point of Ayr on Wednesday week, and all on board perished. It is supposed there were 80 passengers, besides the crew, and a large quantity of pijjs, &e. The melancholy eircumstaue.* is said to have been occasioned by-the north-west lig-ht ship having been obliged to leave her station, in conse- quence of the chains of one of the anchors having snapped in a gale of wind,
-)-1;JW ilo Ttl E EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE AND GUARD/AN Sip.The agriculturists ought certainly to be grateful to you, for the zeal and ability with which you continually support their sinking interests and it is. from noticing your kindly efforts in their favour that I am induced to offer the following tables for the consideration of your readers, with this one remark. As, in the principal corn countries of Europe there is no respectable class of farmers, as in this island, the owners of the soil, chiefly raising the corn by the labour of those who may be called the slaves of the soil, it is impossible that the English farmer can bring his corn into the market as cheap as they can, his price of free labour and his support of the poor being much more than all the outgoings of the foreign grower. if our fanners therefore are not protected, they will cease to raise what they cannot raise without loss. And 1 will ask the warmest advocate of Free Trade in Corn, what is to protect England from famine, when we are once de- pendent on foreigners for our daily bread? If we are at war, our enemies will not feed us if at peace the continental powers and America will supply us' only at their own price, and on their own conditions —and we may rest assured that those will be hard- and the other high—when they find we must have it or starve'. Cannot the manufacturer see that in such dependent situation, corn is likely to be dearer than it ever can be, if we encourage our native growth ? As the agricultural interests are deemed by many of little importance, when contrasted with the population and capital engaged in manutucturc, the following tables will prove the erroneous ideas entertained upon the subject. The following ten English counties are partly agricultural and partly manufacturing,—Cornwall, Cumberland, Derby, Gloucester, Ilertford.1. Kent, Mjddl^sex, Surry, Sussex, and York.—The following nine are always termed manufacturing :— Population in 1831. Chester. 334,410 Durham 253,827 Lancaster 1,336,854 Monmouth y 8,130 Nottiqgham 225,320 Salop. 222,503 Stafford. 410,485 Warwick 336,988 Worcester 211,356 v Total 3,429,873 The remaining twenty-one are ever termed the agricultural counties—but I take the population of nine onl) to compare with the above. Population in 1831. Devon. 494,168 Essex 317,223 Lincoln 317,274 Norfolk 890,054 Northumberland 222,912 Somerset 403,908 Southampton 314,313 Suffolk 296,304 Wilts 239,181 Total. 2,995,337 We see then, that each of the latter exceed in population each of the former, with the exception of Lancaster, and even with that the excess is not 500,000. But when we remember, that the manu- facturers in the latter counties are trifling in com- parison of the vast number of agriculturists in the former, we must be convinced that the agricultural population exceed the manufacturing population even in the same number of counties The following table from the Englishman's Alma- nac for 1S34, will show the relative value of produce and capital:— Agricultural annual produce. 216,600,000 Manufacturers' 148,050,000 Mines add Minerals 21,400,000 Inland, canal, and coasting trades 51,975,500 Fisheries. 3,400,000 Shipping and Foreign Commerce, 34,338,059 Banking System 9,000,000 Annual money arising from produc- ) 5] 4,823)059 tive property ) So that the agricultural annual produce is half as much as that of every branch of trade put together Builth. Ill. VONIUS.
POETRY. am- THE STAR OF BETHLEHEM, When marshal I'd on the nightly plain, 'I'lie glitt'ring host bestrid tiiesky One star alone of ail the train I Can fix the sinner s wandering eye. Hark hark to God the chorus breaks, „ From every host, from every gem- But one alone tin- Saviour soeaks, It is the star ot Bethlehem." 'T Once on the raging seas I rode, The storm was loud, the night was dark. The ocean yawn'd — and rudely blow'd I he wind that toss'd my found'ring bark. Deep horror then my vitals froze, Death-struck, I ceas'd the tide to stem j When suddenly a star arose, It was the star of Beth lehem. It was my guide, my light, my all; It hade my dark torebouiugs cease k; Aud thro the sionn, and uangeT's thrall, It led me to the port of peace. Now safely inoor'd—my perils o'er, I II sing, first in night's diadem, -For ever and for evermore, The Star !—the Siar ot Bethlehem JVIBKE WHITE. HYfN FOR CHRISTMAS DAY. BY BISHOP HHBER. o Saviour, whom this holy morn .f Gave to our world below To mortal want and labour born, And more than mortal woe. Incarnate Lord by every grief, i," By each temptation tried, :1'" *• Who lived to yield our ills relief, And to redeem its died If gaily clothed and proudly fed, In dangerous wealtli wedwelf; Remind us of-ihy manger-beil, And lowly cottage-cell If prest by poverty severej In envious want we pine, S '■ < m*j> Oh may thy spirit whisper near, How poor a lot was Thine i." IL Through fickle fortune's various scene, From sin preserve us free Like us thou hast a mourner been, May we rejoice with Thee PRAYER. There is an eye that never sleeps, Beneath the wiug of night; There is an ear that never shuts, When sink the beams of night. There is an arm that never tires. When human strength gives way There IS a love that never fails When earthly loves decay. That eye is fix'd on Seraph throngs; 'rhat ear is fili'd witlk aiijel's songs That arm upholds the world on high That love is throned beyond the sky. But there's a power which man can wield When mortal aid is vain That eve, that arm, that love to reach, That listening car to gain. That power is Prayer, which soars on high, And feeds on blIss beyond the sy. LE BOUQUET DE BAL." Vous partez brillante et paree pour ce bal ou je n'irai pas De voeux d'hommages entouree, a mpi penserez vous ? Helas qu'alors ce bouquet vons rappele un atuant absent et lidele Et si je ue suis pas la, mon bouquet du moins y sera. Vous partez, et moi, je demeure avee mon amour et ma foi A vous, moi je pense a toute heure vous a minuit peuser i moi? Presses alors cette fleure jolie sur ton ctsur seul bien que j'envie Et si je ne suis pas là, mon bouquet du moiiy y sera. Regardes le quand avec grace, mes revan viendront te vanter Regardes Ic-si leur audace a valser vouloit t'inviter Que ce bouquet ma seule otfraude et vous separe et me defeude Et si je ne suis pas Iii, mon bouquet du moins y sera. EUc partit fraiebe, et brillante et les soupirs de mille arnans Du bal la musique enivrante bieutotcgarerent ses sens hfHeuranl A peine la terre, ellc valsoit vive et legere Quand soudain minuit sonna, et le bouquet n'etoitplus Ià.
BIRTHS. On Tuesday week, Mrs. Thomas, wife of Mr. David Thomas, of the Old Ivy-Bush Inn, Carmarthen, of a son. On Sunday week, at Aberived, Cardiganshire, the lady of the Rev. James Francis, of a son. On Saturday week, at Swansea, the lady of F. Ritchie, Esq. of the Branch Bank of England, of a daughter. On the 5ili inst. the lady of Sir Rowland Hill, Bart. M.P Of a Sol) and heir. On the 19th instant, Mrs. Williams, wife of Mr. F. Williams, surgeon, of a daughter. y On the 2Sth ult. Mrs. Bliss, wife of Mr. Bliss, shoe- maker, Cheltenham, of four children, of which two are living and two dead. « =L. MARRIED. On the 5th inst. at Bebbington Church, by the Rev. lfr. Ciemmson, Mr. Janies Jjrie, of Lyganywern, North Wales, to Ann, second daughter of William Fairhurst, Esq. of Holthill. » n DIED. At 1 ennydarran, on Monday morning, of decline, much and universally respected, Mr. Oil ristophermartin, aged 36. His remains were followed to the grave by a numerous body of the respectable inhabitants of Merthyr. On Saturday last, at Abergavenny, Miss Sarah Price, aged 11. vf n"VtUr,'a^ '^e inst. Elizabeth, clde9t daughter of Mr. Cole, Crown inn, Ab'ergavenny. Oil g,mday last, at his sister's residence, at Langefelach in this county, Mr. John Ilowells, formerly an ironmonger of Swansea. At ?;ickhowell, on Saturday morninglast, aged 77, Mrs. l|rner, for many years the hospitable- landlady of the Bear Inn, in that town. Although having no family herself she was the benefactress of a great number of re- lations. S le had ten nephews (brothers) left fatherless, whoui she reared and established in trade, and she lived to see every one of them able to provide for himself. Si* of them followed her to the grave. On Tuesday last, at Langefelach, Mrs. Mary William*, widow of the late Lewis Williams, of Penefilia, at the advanced age of 93. On Thursday week, at her residence in Carmarthen, aged 81, Mrs. Bateman, relict of the late Juhn BatemaQ. ksq of Haverfordwest. On the 20th of July, at the Cape of Good Hope, aged 41, Licut-Colonel Edward Vaughan, eldest son of JIlhn Vaughan Lloyd, Esq. of Tyllwydl, Cardiganshire. On Friday week, Mr. Win. Griffiths, eldest son of Mr. Griffiths, Priory, Pembroke. On the 5th mst. at Orange Hall, near Pembroke, Mrs. Phillips. jr.. On Wednesday week, at the advanced age of 76 _years, after a life of piety and' reikignalion to the Divitie will, Mrs. Thomas, the wife of Mr. Tlunnas* of Croesyforwyn, in the county of Pembroke. On the 10th inst. at his brother's house, Ffynone, near Swansea, Mr. David Davies, formerly of Merthyr, aged 75. At Wandsworth, on the 9th tnsu the Right Rev. Dr. Jebb, Bishop of Limerick, aged 59. On Thursday week, at Swansea, at 4tn advanced age, universally esteemed aud respected for his upright coiiducf :!• and benevolent disposition, Mr. Saddington, formerly well. known in Wales as la member of Mr. Alastcrmau's coin- pany of comedians. On the 6dl inst. in her 84th year, at Llanedy, Carmar- thenshire, Ann, relict of the late Rev. Edmond Leigh, formerly Vicar of Llanedy. It is a singular circumstance that on the 6th of December, 1819 (exactly fourteen years preceding), the above Rev, gentleman died, also in his 84rh year. Both were within a few days of completing the same age, at their respective deaths. On the morning of Mrs Leigh's funeral, died, her brother, Henry Pugh, in his lootli year, having retained the full possession of his mental faculties till within a few hours of his death. On the 3,1 inst. Mi*. Crauage, wife of Mr. Adam Cranage, of the Seren Gomor public-house, Talybont, Breconshire. On the 5th inst. in Bath, after an illness of five weeks, Ann, the beloved wife of John Dyer, and eldest daughter of the late Mrs. Fisher, of Landoga, near Tinteru Abbey, Monmouthshire. On Wednesday week, aged 74, after a very protracted illness, Jane, wife of Mr. Reese Prothero, of Wyebridge- street.Momnouth. On Monday week, at Caerleon, aged 49, Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Philip Baker, ol that town. At Brecon, on Saturday week, after a lingering illness, Mr. Walter Parry, of that town, brightsmith. Lately, after a few day's illness, aged 67, Mr. Jjseph Denstone, of Llangorse, Breconshire. Last December, at Calcutta, in his 30th year, Mr, John Aubrey, junior, son of Mr. John Aubrey, auctioneer, of Cowbridge. Mr. Aubrey went over to India in 1824, as clerk to the firm of Carrie and Company, and by his merit and perseverance became principal in that extensive concern. He was a young man much beloved at Cowbridge for his good and amiable disposition, and his death is sincerely deplored by his family and friends. On the 8th iiit., aged 28, Mr. T. W. Guinau, Proprietor and Editor of the Wolverhampton Chronicle. On Monday week, at Hereford, in the tKhh year of her age, Mrs. Hannah Aston. On.Saturday week, in his 70th year, Mr. William Meatf, of the Maroh, in the parish of Bridge Sjllers, Herefordj shire.
VICE-CHANCELLOR'S COURT. SIR W. KEPPER AND OTHERS V. BAILEY AND HARFORD THE TREVIL RAILROAD COMPANY. This case came before the Court upon motion, the ob- ject of which was that the names of Messrs. Bailey and Harford, which had been used as plaintiffs to the bill which had been tiled, alkould be struck, out, having been used without their consent or concurrence. From the statemeuts of I r, Jlcob, who appeared as Counsel on behalf of the Messrs. Bailey and Harforll, it appeared that the plaintiff, the defendants, together with a great number of other persons, constituted a Railroad Company in Monmouthshire, entitled the rrevii ailroad Company. The suit was instituted by that Company against Messrs. liailey aiid liarford, who are iron masters of great eminence in Monmouthshire, for the purpose of compelling them to use the Company's railroad for the pur- poses of their works, those gentlemen having erected rail- roads of their own, by the use of which the Company had been materially injured. I" ^'st• the defendants, as shareholders of the Cllupany, had been made p a.ntitls, as they alleged, without their privity or consent, the msLi- tution of the suit having been agreed to at a meeting at which they were not present, the first intimation they had of it being a statement in the public newspapers ot a motion in the case before the Lord Cilancellor. Mr. Jacob, after reading several affidavits was proceed- ing to read one which had been tiled wllhm the lust few days, whea .in Sir Jidward Sugden, who appeared for the Company, objected to the adoption of that course^ his clients having had no opportunity of seeing the alndavit. For the purpose of giving Sir Edward s client an oppoi- tunity of doing so? his Kouour ordered the case to stand over till the next Seal, ,Hi\r'\Ü,,i.L" J.
WELSii MELODIES. Our readers will be glad to hear, that a new Vaudeville, called 'i'lte Welsh Gir', was brought out at Madame Vestris's Royal Olympic Theatre, Lon- don, on Monday evening, with most triiiinpliant suc- cess, owing in a great degree to the music, which consisted entirely of Welsh. Melodies, arranged ex- pressly for the occasion by our Bardd Alaw, Nlr. Parry. Most of the airs were sung by Madame Vestris, (who personated a Welsh girl) in the most charming and beautiful manner, and several of them I were rapturously encored, even the finale, which was set to the air of" The March of the men of Harlech." In the overture, a most excellent effect was pro- duced, by a harp playing Ap Stunkin behind the curtain on the stage, accompanied by the band in the orchestra. The piece was hailed with cheers, by a house crowded to the cieling; and Mr. Parry was congratulated most heartily by his numerous countrymen present, on his success, and wannlj thanked for introducing our mountain strains in so favourable a manner to strangers. CAMBRIAN SOCIETY.-The Sixty-third Anni- versary Dinner of the Gwyneddigion Society took place oil Monday week, at the Horn Tavern, Doctors' Commons. David Lewis, Esq. President; aud Wm. Griffith, Esq., Vice-President; supported by a nu- merous party of the sons of Camblia and the admirers of her literature, poetry, and music. Messrs. Parry, Collyer, and Bellamy sang a variety of compositions with great success. The Society's harper performed several Welsh airs with variations on the tripple- sti-itiged hai-p. Pennillion singing with the national instrument gave great pleasure to the company, as did Mr. Parry's performance on Wheatstone's patent symphonion. The Chairman announced that two grand Bardic Festivals were to be held in 1834 and 1835 at Cardiff and Holywell. It was also stated that an opportunity would be shortly afforded them to Ytear mauy of their mountain melodies sung by Ma- dame Vestris, who was about to appear at the Olympic- Theatre in the character of a Welsh girl. A number of patriotic toasts, and some excellent addresses, chiefly connected with the interest of the Princi- pality, were delivered. Harmony and sociability pervaded the Meeting, which was kept up with great spirit to a lale hour.
SPOR TING INTELLIGENCE- The LLANBLETHIAN HARRIERS will meet on Monday Dec,23 Burton Bridge. Tuesday, 26 Ogmore Down. triday, 27 Llaninihangle. The HEREFORDSHIRE HOUNDS will meel on Tuesday, Bee. 21 England's Gate. Friday 27 Ittickliall Wood. Tuesday, 31 Lugwardiue Vil. At 10 o'clock each day.
THE HARP, TTFTHFC EDITOR OF THE AZETTE AND GUARDIAN. Sitt,-Tlie Harp has been esteemed the principal instrument of music among the Welsh, from the earliest period to the present time it was once so generally in vogue, that to play upon it was an accomplishment indispensably requisite for a gen- tleman i and this was the instrument upon whioh the chief musician performed anciently in the court of the Princes of Wales. Originally the Harp seems to have been strung with hair, for we find that scholars continued to hair their's so until as late as the beginning of the 15th century, which was the era when strings of gut came into general use. It had only a single row of strings until about the conclusion of the same century but the performers were able to produce the flat or sharp notes, by a peculiar management of the finger and thumb, a trick which some of the old Harpers of the last age had preserved out of curiosity, though. I believe it to be now quite lost. When Wales enjoyed its own laws and govern- ment, the Harpers were possessed of many valuable privileges, and they arrived consequently at a high degree of perfection in the science of music and on that account they received very general encourage- ment wherever they went. The names of several performers have been preserved, distinguished on account of their enjoying the patronage of the Kings of England and another, a favourite player of James 1st. maybe added to the list, bearing date February 1st. maybe added to the list, bearing date February 14, 1620. A warrant to Sir William Veredall, Knight,Trea- surer of his Majesty's Chamber, to pay unto Lewis Williams, a young youth that playeth on the Harp to his Majesty and the Prince, the sum of 20/. which his Majesty was graciously pleased to bestow upon him, in regard that he had lately been visited with sickness;—"My Lord Digby gave order for this warrant."
TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE AND GUARDIAN. I- SIR,-Considerable excitement has been created in the public mind at Aberdere, by the death, and the suspicious circumstances attending it, of John Williams, who was found drowned in the Cynon river on Wednesday last, as noticed in the last Guardian, which excitement has been hut little allayed by the result of the householder's enquiry (f) In the manufacturing districts, where fatal accidents are of frequent occurrence, it is often the case, I believe, that the Coroner deputes a person (whether it is legalto do so or not I know not) to summon juries, to heir evidence, and to receive verdicts, and this when all t lie, circumstances are very evident, and such as render, the correctness of a verdict of -1 accidental death" wot in the least doubtful, can beatiendcd with little inconvenience or danger to the public. Hut, as in the present instance, where there are extremely mysterious and suspicious cir- cumstances connected with the cause of death, the public have a right to demand, that the strictest scrutiny be in- stituted, which cannot properly be done but by a person skilled, as a Coroner ought to be. in examining witnesses. Tile deceased having left a public house on Sunday night, was found on Wednesday morning within thr. e quarters ot a mile of that house, but without coat, waistcoatt neck- cloth, or hat. It is this latter circumstance that excites a general suspicion that the man's death was not purely ac- cidental. The explanation attempted of the strange fact of his being without his clothes, namely, that they were torn off by roots and stumps of trees, wattling posts, &c. in the river, is thoroughly insllfficient. If Jefttb under cir- cumstances of such suspicion be lightly overlooked, or passed over without any but a mere nominal inquiry, ihen indeed are we, by holding out prospects of security to any one who may have the hardihood to attempt the life of his fellowman, most wantonly endangering, lklic public safety. I am by no means singular in the opinion, that the inquiry and the manner of conducting it were *Ijy- tiiing but satisfactory. The jury were not sworn, nor the witnesses examined upon oath. The verdict of found drowned" may be, and doubtless i.. correct according to the evidence given; but there was a lamentable want of that searching investigation, and of that anxiety to obtain intorinaiion which the occasion required. VV ith the highest opinion of the honesty and tntegri y of the-parties engaged ill this inquiry, I maintain that there was not, (and it would be absurd to expect it,) that tact in eliciting all the truth from the witnesses present, which a Cjroner or Magistrate from his experience and habits would supply, or that caution in avoiding hasty conclu- sions which his charge would have inspired in the ni;n(ti of thftjury. The deceased was doubtless <* found drowned, but how lie came into the water should, if possible, be d scovered. To another and a fuller investigation before a competent oflicer Coroncr or Magistrate; the public have a right, which it is not advisable to deny. 1 shall be glad if any of your readers will please to define a Coroner's duties, and the penalties tor the bicach ot those duties; and whether or not the county rates are. increased by charges for Coroner's fees, travelling expenses, See. for non aiteuoanoe in such cases as the presaut. I alii, Sir, yours, &c. A. B,
lE:ll!'i'i!" = -k1. TO TH T' EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE Sf GUARDIAN. SIR,—The attempts that are now being made to give specimens of some of the most admired lyric compositions in the English language through the medium ot translations, evince a certain daring in the translator, which the attachment of Welshmen to this favourite ot alliteration will not at once, perhaps, allow them to approve of, much less prefer to the old style ol song writing. But I am of opinion that the few specimens we have had in this way, among which flus stanzas, which appeared in the last week's Guardian, may be reckoned, must go far to convince the poets of the old school that the sweet- ness of such lines cannot so soon pall on the ear as the ceaseless jingle of alliterative poetry. And I will further assert that the beauty of the Welsh language has never been so fully developed as it has been in some modern attempts at translations from the English.. The stanzas which Hu endea- voured to render your readers in a Welsh dress, are, as any one may see, very much Cramped in the ori- ginal with regard to metre and I am glad to say, that in the last stanza (which was not the least diiiieult) lie succeeded admirably. In the first he-has not been so happy, as I apprehend that Bachgenaidd vlwyddau" would be improved by the substitution of the word ddyddiau, as the word hluydd in the Welsh language is never, I believe, used unless to designate the particular age of man or animal, and never to distinguish time alone inde- pendently of the period attained by the being whose age is given. Again, in the seventh line of the same stanza, dvncthicyd would be preferable to Ievwyd," although the meaning of the translator cannot be mistaken as it is. In the fourth line of the second stanza, "dail y tywydd gauav" would be better ren- dered dail ar or dan dywydd yauuf.-— From here to the end I believe that there are few who could do so much justice to the original as Hu has done and it is evident from the beginning to thMld thathéhàtl imbibed, and that deeply, the spirit of the author; else no ingenuity or mastery in the Welsh could en- able him to pourtray so feelingly the fine anticipa- tions which his translation has put the mere Welsh- s man in possession of. If Ifu would some time try his hand at a translation of Scots wha hae wi' Wallace bled," he would oblige, Sir, Your most obedient servant, hardre. Merthyr Tydvil, Dec 8th, 1833.
SHERIFF'S NEW COURTS. The question as to whether the advocacy of Causes in the Sheriff's New Courts is to be confined to Barristers or to be open to Attorneys also, seems to have been settled, and the right of the Attorneys established. The question first arose in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the members of the provincial bar of that district having announced their inten- tion of claiming the exclusive right of Advocacy, which the Leeds Solicitors were not disposed to submit to. The Solicitors presented a memorial on the subject to the High-sheriff of Yorkshire, and at the same time an application was made by the Un- dersheriff to Mr. Justice James Parke, for his opinion on the subject. The following are copies of the answer of the High-sheriff, and of a Jetter of the Under-sheriff, upon receiving Mr. Justice J. Parke's opinion, and which have been sent by the Leeds Solicitors to all the Undersh riffs in England and Wales, for the information of the gentlemen of the legal profession. GENTLEMEN,—In answer to your memorial, which I this moment received through the hands of the Uuderslieriff, I beg to say that I see no reason whatever for any altera- tion in the usual custom of the County Courts, being carried into the new Local Courts, (if I may so style them) as r regards the allowing Attorneys to practice equally with Barristers. I am fully aware of the addidonal expence which would be necessarily incurred by such a prohibition, and till overruled by higher authority I do not intend to make such alteration. Perhaps this answer will be sufficiently satisfactory, to save you as well as mvself. the trouble of being in York on Saturday. Should you think otherwise, I need not say that I shall be most happy to meet you on that or any other day you may name I remain, gentlemen, Your most obedient humble servant, WILLIAM CONSTABLE MAXWELL, Everingham, 25ih. Nov. 1833. To Messrs. J. Richardson and J. H.-SIiaw, Leeds. Hatfield Hall, Wakefield, Dec. ?nd, 1133. MY DEAR SIR,-Ilast night received a LETTER from Mr. J'istice Parke, in answer to the one I informed you that I had written to him last week, the substance of which I lose no time in communicating to you, not only for your information, but for that of the rest of ^j'our profession The reason, of course, for my addressing you in particular is your having been the Chairmanof the Meeting at Leeds, of which Meeting atone the proccedinga have reached me. Mr. Justice Parke, having conferred with the Lord Chan- cellor and Mr. Justice Bosanquet, who was concerned in the preparation of the Bill for the amendment of the Law, advises that I should (as the Assessor) allow Writs of Trial to be executed as Writs of Inquiry were, either Barristers or Aitornies practising as Advocates. This is conformable to the determination of the High Sheriff, and will of course be the rule of proceeding in bis Courts. I am, my dear S:r, Yours very truly, FRANCIS MAUDE. Mr. Shaw, Solictor, Leeds,
GOVERNMENT OF BENGAL AND THE CEDED PROVINCES. The Old and Corrupt System of TdlS. Office. S. rupee6. £ GovernorrGeneral, per annum. 250 000.25,01 First Member of Council 96.0QQ. Second Ditto. 96 000. 9,600 Third Ditto 96,000. 9,600 Total Cjrrupt System 538,000 53,800 The New and Purified System of 1833. Office. S. rupees. i Governor-General, per annum. 240 000.24.000 First Member of Council, W. Diiiiit 96,000. 9.600 Sacond Ditto, Alexander Ruse 96,000. 9 Third Ditto, IV. B. Martin .96.000, 9.600 Fourth Ditto, T. B. Macauia.v 96,000 9,600 Governor of the New Presidency of Agra, Sir T. Metcalf 120,000 12.000 Total Economic System 744,000.74,400 Corrupt Ditto. 538,000.53,800 Balance. 206,000.. O.600 Theu there are to be certain Law C,)ltiaiissioners but we have uot ranked them as particularly attached to the Government ef Bengal,because, we apprehend th'e whole of British India is to have the benefit of their exertion,- such as they prove, aided by the experienced Mr. Ma- caulay. The expense, however, is a novelty, and therefore must be added, to the balance before reckoned. Thete are to be five Lavy Commissioners, and as the act declares that may be remunerated upon the highest scale upon which civil servants are paid, we cannot do wrong, in the way of excess, by allowing six thousand pounds sterling a year for each commissioner Thar will make the account staud as follo\vs; Charges under the tile New and puri- R-upees- x, ritied-System already stated -744,000 74,000 Five Law Commrs, at 60,000 S. Ru- Itupees, 6,000/. each 300,000 30,000 Total Economical System 1,044 000 1W 400 Corrupt do 538 53.800 Balance.. 506,000 i>0,600 Old England.
FATAL ACCIDENT AT Flam borough AND Re MARKABLI; PRESERVATION.—On Monday evening week, when the fishing cobles were returning home, a man ot the name of Richard Pockley, and his two sons, "j'10 jn one of the boats, imprudently came too near the cliff, jr, order to get into smoother water, A heavy sea struct them and broke their oars and it was followed by another which dashed the coble to pieces. Several of the fishermen tried to rendttthem assistance, but in vain. The father went l.down iopnedi&tely. One of the sons, named Curistopher, was thrown upon the ledge of the cbd, but had not strength to keep his hold, and was washed back agaiu into th;) sea, where he soon perished. The other sou was also thrown on a shelving piece of rock, and though in a most perilous and exposed situation, contrived to keep his hold, l'liere was no way of saving him but from al)L've and a long time elapsed for want of proper ropes, or a person bold enough to venture to his rescue. At length a young man who is in the habit of collecting the eggs of the sea birds, volunteered his services, and went down two lopes, one of which he attached to Pockley. By some means the ropes got fouled and the people above drew up not only the one to which Pockley was fastened, but also that by which his deliverer was to descend, leaving the gallant follow in the very situatian from which he .had been the Weans of rescuing Pockley. Great apprehensloIls were entertained for his safety, as the tide kept rising, and, at intervals, actually beat over him. The wind was violent, and carried the ropes which were let down, from tune to Lill'(', t'at- beyond his reach. He remained in this critical situation nearly an hour, when a block of wood being attached to the line; he was enabled to seize it, and was providentially rescued- The body of Christopher Pockley "h found soon aiterwards. The young mall. w/lose hu- manity and intrepidity we have recorded, and whose nan.e we should have been happy to give, went down again, at a late perio.i the same night, in hope* to discover the body of the father, but without success.- York Chronicle.
IQ Purtsuits. He then expressed the great satis- action °ffered th raus' atford to see that among- the prizes ''Wal|y e Se»Uemet\ of the town of [vewport had so 8uPporf f°0,n? forward in the encouragement and ^'•"•Str a^r'cu',ure-—(Loud applause.) *° ^Pres6''I?0' ^a»-y-Park, Breconshire, begged *a8 sin- S|! very hiijh sense that he felt, and he lot onl 6 • ^at ^ee''n? prevailed most extensively "uaiber^ fln Present company, but in a large ^tiou sun'ounding counties, of the deep obli- *ho filiUjer w^'ch country lay to thehon.Baronet a?ric,| <hair, for his zealous promotion of of a»r;Ur? 'mPr°vements, and his unbending support 8Poke :CU't.ura' interests.—(Great cheering.) He c"'<*r o ° •8 case I,ot l'ie incidents of any parti- thadein "IOR--(Hear,hear,)-not of sudden efforts the Con 4 lnonieut and forgotten in a moment, but of the, "lalt endeavours year after year, by which ^>tftself°'Ura^'e chairman had most liberally exerted thself i eheeri In promoting this important object.—(Great ltiiow.| jj He felt that the facts were so fully in (he 'lot tjj.. ?e °f 'he eorapfl"' present that they needed Was at he should, iwell upon them at length, but he his \0v-e they would most cordially respond to *)ine << a',0n to drink in bumpers, with nine times "ine'tio,6 Sir Charles Morgan."—Drank with eVer r lites Illile, and the most vehement cheering we As to have heard. Sir CL0n as cheering had subsided, *'le &?nt|d''CS ^orSan begged to return his thanks to and in e,nan who had so kindly proposed his name, special)80 cotnplimeiitary a maimer. He begged c°fHpa y to return his very sincere thanks to the »hieh £ »«*«»• cordial and affectionate manner in °f hia u 'lac^ been pleased to receive the-mention *his o a"?e- He was proud of seeing before him on a|.?"'on so nun»erous and respectable an asseni- Uiat.. J10 felt most sensibly the honour of seeing W?ea,,h ha(1 ^>ee,n drank by them with such M'itjj de,nonslrations o-f'kindness.—(IJood cheering.) comjj *sPect to the proceedings of the cattle show, he ^er'ved°f ^nt express M16 great gratification tlttit he e*Pect • 0m 8.ee-S1 l^e fulfilroent of his most sanguine, had Ka*lu"s> 'H riie admirable specimens of stock that proyg^11 day exhibited, especially iu the im- Tlieca.6?1 'n t')e Glamorgan and Hereford breed. I,°t for C s^ow was brought forward and continued, that it Pr'vate objects, bnt for public benefit in f«l, es alreacly been in a great measure success- I as regarded the breed of cattle in Gla- the cat 1 fe' an(^ 'uten<^e^ l^at as1oug as he lived ^ifceti 5 show should continue. He had been himself a successful competitor, and he Piece a'' jCe l'>e CUPS that he won upon his chimney prid I and took at them with a grateful feeling of best e and,,atisfaction. He again bogged to return his 'hey l to the company for the great kindness |\]r shoWu to him, and to propose the health of jjr" • G.Jones, the judge ofihe cattle show." M°r begg-ed to return thanks to Sir Charles 'he c 'he honour he had just done him, and for fr«<n80Plln,eat he had paid him in sending for him aP»?cu|' ^real a distance to award the prizes. He felt <>0e whla[ P'ea»ure in coming to see such a gentleman, te0a|J(so had lived in the hearts of his neighbours and 'iojy 'ai)d of whom the best letter of recommenda- «eaorofa*> bis uniform conduct through the whole Or of hi, ii Ife. (Loud applause.) He (Mr. J.) had hibijj an agriculturist, had lived to see many ex- ^'Odl S. °^lhis kind, and had seen many of them batlweaway; but this one of Sir Charles Morgan ,iayi a,uered the storms of even the worst of times, that etned even to improve nnder the difficulties "éb¡ it en ountered. It was cheering to see that there jn pr() e Patriot like Sir Charles Morgan, munificent i» agricultural improvement, and resolute %ad P Drtill agricultural interests (load cheering); 4buftj en he looked around aud saw the countless and Slam) "J- bl«sings which that gentleman was con- (here the cheering became so tu Part of ik l^at we cou'^ uot collect the remaining Sif 'heseiitence.) &em| "ar!es Morgan gave the health of those t«aSt hnien who had sent stock to his cattle show." The Mr aVlng been drank aud acknowledged ^Pro'v ot)es remarked that he had wituessed a great Sir f,?ent 'n the Glamorganshire breed of cattle. C°p8f s Morgan, gave ''Subscribers to the (jr0m town of Newport."—The toast haviug fjj ran'c with enthusiastic cheers, rib omas Jones Phillips, Esq. on the part of the sub- lllino ers to the Newport cups returned thanks, and n<»v?d that it was their inteutiou to give similar I Sir p*1 fear. "ar'e« Morgan then proposed the health of" the drank w^° bave given enpstbis y«ar," which was Lord^p^1 'hrfee times three. itttem* ^°d»ey returned thanks, and expressed his to f, "D" of continuing to give a cup and hoped to do fears to come. I ^0rlfa °' Gaer proposed the health of' Chas. '•"nT^ i of Ruperra," which was drank with Ulr"8? cheering. ,• "organ in returning thanks, said that his own "tr*>a,"eni to (Agricultural pursuits was naturally so Pulse I tl(,t to stand in need of any additional iin- ^ceiy He Was highly gratified in seeing his father Pre%«.Ve 8ttch efficient support, as lie had done on the sent ecasion, -i I ewitt, Ksq. of Llantarnam'Abbey, begged per- ^Ent|°n ^rom the chair, to propose the health of a 'he n601* whom, though a recent visitor, he trusted "'Pany-would meet again and again with eu- Pog^ "JS pleasure. He would, with permission, pro (LOIJJ health of,4Mr. William Jones of Clytha.'1 Mr .cf'eeri"g ) ^site 0ne8, in returning thauka, .felt certainly, to express as he could wish his ilia,. the unexpected honour that had been done 1t he did, however, return thanks most sincerely, "'e first time he had been present at the agri- He h dinner, but he hoped it would not be the last. e b itk th "Ped to be a competitor with Sir Charles Morgan Ku | reford breed of catlle. The health of Mr. 5jr lionifray" was drank with great cheering. *>6r | "°mfray felt highly flattered by the kind man- j, which the company had drank his health. He Port. e ^rin to which he belonged were staunch sup- °f the agricultural interest they were so upon ? c°uceived to be sound principles for he well tfcer trade and agriculture must flourish toge- "iU; nQ if either of them fell, the other must suffer Pily ^Hear, hear.)—Brighter prospects had hap- agriClJ!ened upon the iron trade, and he hoped the lot j tu(al trade felt the benefit of it. Tf they did ^"ei DJea'J al least they did in malt, since the iron- ^ages8 "ad been enabled to give their men better «• r.(Cbeers and laughter.) ,'eceiv1V? a°d 'et live," and The Ladies," were e w"h the most animating cheering. *en,aA* D. Jones begged to call attention to a few t(ira| .s Conccrning the critical state of the agricul- that 8uK-ere8t. I he Parliamentary 'Commitfee on ^tte8l jjec.t had elicited a body of evideuce which eo*»dit* painful accuracy the -deplorable p .A He vvi'0^ 'U which the teiiaat farmers were placed. l^at the landlords throughout the king- very j- °u'd peruse that *vidcn«e, which he belTevetT >lnou w °fthem ch>ne-irtd tlney -Woul<J lhei»«ee thtf He s c°odition to which tireirtenantrjr w^r6reauted. )his s^*8ensible that th^'V}ew Which he formed upon '1 t^e v°t Was liot ajVplicable to the worthy Bart. ?ver ^hair, whose liberality to his tenants was, and Co«lda»>een be^nd a,,y tribute of praise that be tha» cheeriogi) But he felt bouud to » uuder the ruinous slate in which the farmers ere> and with the impeudi»gjM*torm which now f»u„ .#'er them, the whole agricultural teuantry 0|,ds receive the liberal support of their laDd- '>re*ent>r l^at agr'culture must wholly fall. At the Prices of corn, and with the incumbrances (¡tll,), pou them, the farmers could cultivate the land *o rej.^ a continual loss of their capital: and they had 1° 5U5.t0 turn to, but to their landlords, to agree I apPro ahatement of rent. He hoped that in the contest the landlords-would stand by J theenan,s their tenants he well knew would staud »Pot iL/' for never did a tenant farmer abandon the i "lia *>e hac^ ijltivated till he had speHt his last "Q<jy ^.1P°n it-. "<A vehement burst of cheers.) The 8,1 'tJih bore hard upon the farming interest had n#e advantage over them: the manufacturing Se i c°uld meet and did meet, frequently and in ^uUe8t a"d 'hey formed their plans with the Pr*>ttiD|i ^liberation, and had the best rescources for Vd y executing them. Against this the farmers ''am >es0urce' but that their landlords would in he fni fesolutely uphold them against the attack, th,j implored them to consider the state Protec,a^r'€u'tural tenants both as to rents and as to %8i °"> before the agriculture of the country was Sir rt to ruin. (Hear, hear.) 'im' 'a8- Mor&an pa'd do this had been, within °d range of his abilities, his constant object ^rietyert'°n, (Loud cheering.) There was a great sCnt J- causes which concurred in producing the j^le, t0 lstres,8, ajid he was most anxious, as far a she ee ,"litigate it. His n.axim was and ever had ^he 'Ve and let live," not merely exist but live. Mr ^a,^in\\P" "'0IICS passed some compliment9 ou Sir yuue, who had beeu called the Priuce of ■wm——Wgiwa—pmi 'iimwiuiMw ■' Nurlh Wales, alld most justly so..Sir Watkui liad beeu told that oue of his aeuts had let a farm at too hih a rent, and he was requested to lower it. He asked, how much it should be lowered ? and was an- swered, 20 per ccut., theworthy Baronct immediately lowered it 25 per cent.-(Hear hear )-In precisely the same sense that he called Sir Watkin the Prince of North Wales, he called the worthy Baronet in the Chair the Prince of South Wales, and in that sense would give as a toast, Sir Charles Morgan, Prince of South Wales.(Draiik with nine times nine and im- mense cheering.) Sir Charles Morgan said, that as humble Sir Charles Morgan, but with no pretensions to the title of Prince of Wales, he thanked them for the honour they had done him. He would, in the seuse in which his friend had most justly so designated him, propose the health of "Sir Watkin Williams Wynne, the Prince of North Wales."—(Drank with great cheering.) Sir Charles then, in a very appropriate speech, pro- posed the health of Lord Rodney," which was drank with most animating cheers, and suitably ac- knowledged by the Noble Lord. Mr. Vevers, in the name of Mr. Hay ton, of Moreton Court, near Hereford, offered a challenge of three or six of the Hereford breed against three or six of the short-horned Monmouthshire breed, yearlings, to be fed by indifferent persons, either oil grass, hay, or roots, and to be shewn either in one or two years, for 100 guineas. The same gentleman afterwaids off,-red to shew a market of500 Hereford steers against 500 of any other county, for 1,000 guineas. A con- versation eusuedliti which Sir Charles Morgan and Mr. A. D. Jones supported the Monmouthshire breed Mr. Vevers and IVIR. Jones of Clytha contended for the Hereford breed. Sir Charles Morgan feared it might appear presumption in him to offer a challenge in favour of the short-horned breed but at length said that he should, in next year's prizes challenge the Hereford breed for a sweepstakes. Several other toasts, were afterwards given, and drank with great enthusiasm, and appropriately ac- knowledged. 11 Mr. George Morgan and the young oaks of Tredegar." "Reginald J. Blewitt,. Esq," Mr. Beard,v (an eminent agriculturist who had come from Hampshire to the show.) ¡\Jr. Stretton, of Dany Park. Mrs. Stretton," &c. At half-past seven Sir Charles Morgan quitted the chair, and the company separated highly gratified with the occur- reticed ofthe day. ( We have some remarks in type upon this subject which we are obliged, from the crowded state oj our columns, to post- pone to our nect- ) NEWPORT.-SHIP-BUILDING.-Alr. Perkit)s will, in a few weeks, launch a fine ship for Messrs. Drews, merchants, Bristol, for the West India trade. The keel of a ship of about 600 tons lias been laid down in the same bed from which the Daniel Grant was launched; this ship is intended for the China trade, from Bristol, that being one of the ports allowed to import tea. THE GREAT WESTERN KAILWAY.—A numerous meeting of the merchants of the port of Newport assembled at the King's Head Inn, in that town, as we stated in our last number, to confer with the Bristol deputation from the Bristol and London Rail- road Company. The. calculations and statements brought forward met with general approbation. About 30 shares were taken, and it was stated that, so far as Newport coal is concerned, it could be brought to market at about 10s. per ton less, at its present market price, than that ot the North of Eng- land, and other produce of course in proportion. It the tram-road contemplated by Joseph Bailey, Esq. to lead from Abergavenny to Usk, be completed, the consequent reduction of tonnage along the line will greatly benefit the Bristol Railway. NEWPORT AND PONTYPOOL BANK.-It is said that Reginald James Biewitt, Esq. of Llantarnam Abbey, is about to join the Newport and Poutypool Bank, on the I st of January next. SERIOUS ACCIDENT.—On Friday the 6th inst., one of the steam carriages of Messrs. Harford and Co., iu passing through Tredegar Park, by some unknown cause was overturned, aud thrown violently over the precipice into the park. One of the men was seriously injured but it is hoped not dangerously. FRIGHTFUL ACCIDENT.-On Saturday the 7th inst., a workman in the employ of the Llanelly Com- pauy, named John Wenlaw, was standing, in the course of his occupation, ou the^pinnacle ot a rock, where there was not quite sufficient standing room for his feet. The explosion of ntine not taking place so soon as.. was expected, he moved incautiously from the place where he stood, it is supposed to see what was the cause of the delay, when the explosion suddenly took place, forcing upwards a huge mass of rock and fiingiug the unfortunate man down an immense pre- cipice, by which his instant death was occasioned.