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FRANCE.—While the Whig Cabinet have been settling among themselves" whether Lord A. or Lord B. shall be the next Whig prime minister, the French have been very coolly taking possession ofBougia, a town about 80 miles to the eastward of Algiers, which completes their command of the mouth of the Mediteranean. No doubt the economists will say, this can make no possible difference to British commerce. The Citizen King is much troubled with attacks from the press, against which he has HOW 27 prosecutions in a state of progress. The principal authors of the obnoxious articles are a society, about as re- spectable as that which called him to a throne, embodied under the name of "Societè des droits de l'tlomme and the general impression is that the Citizen King has no chance against them in the estimation of a French jury. SPAIN.—The events of which we have received intelligence in the present week go far towards establishing the dominion of the Queen of Spain. The "Indicateur of Bordeaux" of the 11th says that a desperate conflict had taken place at Estella, near Puenta de la Reyna, between the Omen's troops, under General Lorenzo, and a body of 6000 insurgents, under the command of Eraso. After a most determined resistance,on the Queen's troops being reinforced by a body of lancers, the Carlists were routed, and Lorenzo remained master of the field. A letter from General Cas- tanon, dated the 6th, at Tolosa, states that he was then about to move, to effect a junction with Valdez, who was then at V iIla Franca, and in. tended to March to Victoria, The Madrid Gazettes of 30th Nov. and 3d instant confirm the account of the defeat of Merino, who with his band was only prevented from falling into the hands of his pnrsuers by darkness and a heavy fall of snow. By these successes it is generally considered that the force of the insurrection is broken but the Carlists still remain unsubdued in Navarre, and the government at Madrid evince something like fear in postponing the trial of the Royalist Volunteers. Several rigorous orders have been issued for delivering up to the police weapons of all descrip- tions that may be in the possession of private per- sons. General Castanon has issued a most merciless proclamation against the Insurgents the following are a few of the denunciations:— Art. 12. The house of any individual who may have fired upon the Queen's troops shall be burnt; should the proprietor not have fired, the house and every thing con- Itained in it shall only be confiscated should the delinquent be taken. he shall be shot. "-Art. 14. very peasant taken in arms in an assemblage of less than tifty men, within a quarter of a league from the royal road, shall be considered as a brigand and shot. Art 15. Any person found interrupting a courier with Government despatches shall be shot, and any person against whom such a charge can be proved shall also be shot. Art. Is. Any village allowing the insurgents to recruit among its inhabitants, without taking measures to prevent them, shall be punished with a heavy contribution. Art. 19. The property of such as are absent shall be confiscated. Art. 23. Every peasant refusing to be the bearer of in- formation from the municipalities to head quarters, shall be immediately put in chains, and condemnedto two years' hard labour at the Presidies, or military gallies, established at St. Sebastian, Art. 2.J, Such women as may favour the plans of the inSurgents, either in word or deed, shall be condemned to detention in the hospitals, gallies, or houses of correction, for periods varying from two months to two years, according to the degree of co-operation they may have manifested. MAUKITIUS.—Mr, Jeremie, after numberless acts of individual oppression in the colony, has now stifled the local press. No person can now print without permission of the Governor. One of the members of the council, who could not be brought to concur in this unconstitutional usur- pation, sent in bis resignation, and Mr Jeremie immediately replaced him by a person who was formerly a cook The conduct of this functi- onary in all respects appears to be such as can b I proceed only from absolute insanity, or a desire to drive the colonists into open rebellion, INDIA.-Attention is still earnestly fixed on the accomplishment of a passage to India by steam navigation. The subscriptions for this purpose are rapidly increasing at Bombay on the 31st of July, they amounted to 57,323 rupees; at Cal- cutta, to 50,000. Two roads are under consider- ation, the one direct from Bombay to Bab-el- Mandeb, and thence direct to Suez; and one to touch sA Massuah, Jedda, and other places in the Gulf. The main obstacle to be surmounted is Ue want of stations for coal. CHINA.—The Chinese Courier" of the 18th May narrates the following occurrence. An "Out- side British Merchant," who had been much annoyed by the practice of splitting or" billetting" wood immediately before his door, remonstrated repeatedly against it, but without effect. He at at length, according to the Chinese Courier," set on fire a Hoppo House, or Custom House, opposite to his own. According to other ac- counts, it appears that the merchant, when he remonstrated, was only treated with insult, and twice struck at with a hatchet. The occurrence has excited a strong sensation among the British residents-

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