FASHIONABLES, LITERATURE, fee. -+- The German Papers, to the Sist ultimo. an- nounce the arriv-al of his Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland at Berlin. The t)uke of Wellington has adopted the E >rl of Burlington's plan for warming Stratfieldsaye, by steam. Numerous workmen are employed in laying down iron pipes and erecting stoves. During the process, his Grace occupies two rooms detached. The Duke and Duchess of Beaufort are enter- taining a family circle and other friends at Enstone Hall, Oxfordshire. The sports of the field occupy the morning, cards and music the evening. The Marquis of Worcester, having recovered from the effects of a late attack of the gout, joined the party last week. THE DUKE OF NEWCASTLE.-H;s Grace, ac- companied by his family, on arriving at Welsh Pool, from Hafod, on his way to Clumber, was met by a deputation of gentlemen residing in that neighbour- hood, headed by Captain Gildy, who delivered a congratulatory address on his Grace's visit to his new estate. He expressed the pleasure which the Conservatives of Montgomeryshire felt in having so distinguished and amiable a nobleman among the landed proprietors of their country. This unex- pected compliment was acknowledged by the Duke of Newcastle in an appropriate and feeling address, and the carriage moved on amidst the joyous accla- mation of the people assembled.—Derbyshire Cour. The Morning Hera'd" says—" Lord Durham purposes to visit the Continent." As the Continent is already in a troubled state, had not his lordship better visit the Pacific Mr. and Mrs. Long Wellesley have separated on terms mutually satisfactory the lady and her child quit Calais immediately, but remain some time on the continent. We have much pleasure in announcing the birth of a son and heir to the Right Hon. the Earl of Wilton. This joyful event took place at Heaton Park, about three o'clock on Monday morning week, and we are happy to add that the Noble Countess and the young stranger are both doing well. We hear that a lady of rank, who resides con- stantly in Paris, has, by a decree of the Court of Chancery, become possessed of 600,0001.. This state- ment is understood to allude to the Queensberry property. The Marquis de Funchal, Minister from the Queen of Portugal, expired suddenly, yesterday week at his residence in Brighton. His death is supposed to have been produced by spasms. A vaudeville is in rehearsal at the Olympic thea- tre, London, in which Madame Vestris is to per- sonate a Welch girl, and to sing several beautiful Cambrian melodies, expressly arranged for her by Mr. Parry. PARLIAMENTARY GRANT FOR SCHOOLS.—A minute of the treasury has been issued for the disposal of 20,000/. granted by Parliament for the erection of schools. All parishes wishing to avail themselves of this fund, should make their applica- tion without the least delay, by memorial signed by the clergyman and principal inhabitants, and addressed to the lords of his Majesty's Treasury, and at the same time make their case known to the National School Society, addressed to Mr. Wigram, the Secretary. MARCH OF THE COMMISSIONERS.-M,essrs. Ros- coe, Rushton, and suite are making a pleasant tour in Devonshire, and earning their wages more easily than they ever did before. Some weeks ago, it is said they entered the borough of Plympton, in that county, and, proceeding to overhaul the affairs of the corporation, they were thunderstruck when they were informed that the income was only thirteen shillings, and expenditure about seventy pounds! They com- mitted a sad mistake in being taken to a private house instead of the inn, into the drawing-room of which they entered unceremoniously, rang the bell, and called for porter and other refreshments. The owner of the house happened to be an honest malt- ster, who soon made his appearance, and did not like the.rs. He ordered them to hop off briskly, which they did after making the necessary appologies.— Bristol Journal.
D OMES TIC MA NA GEMENT. (FRAZER-The Gudewife; by Galt.) Among the last words that my sagacious father said, when I took upon me to be the wedded wife of Mr. Thrifter, were, that a man never throve unless his wife would. let, which is a text that I have not forgotten for though in a way, and in obedience to the customs of the world, women acknowledge men as their head, yet we all know in our hearts that this is but diplomatical. Do not we see that men work for U8, which shews that they are our servants ? Do not we see that men protect Ui, are they not therefore our soldiers ? Do not we see that they go hither and yon at our bidding, which shews that they have that within their nature that IL-aches them to obey? And do we not feel that we have the command of them in all things, just as they had the upper haud in the wolld till woman was created ? No clearer proof do I want that, although, in a sense for policy we call ourselves the weaker vessels—and in that very policy there is power-we know well in our hearts that, as the last made creatures, we necessarily are more perfect, and have all that was made before us, by book or crook, under our thumb. Well does Robin Burns sing of this truth in the song where he has- Her 'prentice hand she tried on man, And syue she made the lasses 011 Accordingly, having a proper conviction of the snpe riority of my sex, I was not long of making Mr. Thrifter, my gudeman, te know into what hands he had fallen, by correcting many of the bad habits of body to which he had become addicted in his bachelor loneliness. Among these was a custom that I did think ought not to be continued after he had surren- dered himself into the custody of a wife, and that was an usage with him in the moruing before breakfast to toast his shoes against the fender and forenent the fire. This he did not tell me till I saw it with my own eyes the morning after we were married, which, when I beheld, gave me a sore heart, because, had I known it before we were everlastingly made one, lj will not say but their might have been a dubiety as to the paction for I have ever had a natural dislike to man who toasted their shoes, thiuking it was a hussie fellow's custom. However, being endowed with au instinct of prudence, I winked at it for some days; but it could not be borne any longer, and I said in a sweet manner, as it were by the bye— Dear Mr. Thrifter, that servant lass that we have gotten has not a right notion of what is a genteel .way of living. Do you see how the misleart creature sets up your shoes in the inside of the fender, keeping the warmth from our feet ? Really 111 thole this no longer; it's not a custom in a proper house. If a -stranger were accidentally coming in and seeing your shoes'in that situation, he w<-uld not think of me as it is well known he ought to think." Mr. Thrifter did not say much, nor could he for 1 judiciously laid all the wyte and blame of the thing to the servant; but he said, in a diffident manner that it was not necessary to be so particular. No necessary Mr. Thrifter what do you call a particularity, when you would say that toasting shoes is not one ? It might do for you when you were a bachelor,tut ye should remember that you're so no more, audits a custom I willnot allow." But," replied he with a smile, I am the head of the house aud to make few words about it, I say, Mrs. Thrifter, I will have my shoes warmed any how, whether or no. Very right, my dear." quo' I I M ne er dispute that you are the head of the house; but I think that you need not make a poor wife's life bitter by itvsistiitg on toasting your shoes." And I gave a deep sigh. Mr. Thr.fter looked very solemn on hearing this, and as he was a man not void of understanding, he said to me. My dawty," said he, we must not stand on trifles if you do not like to see my shoes witluu the PRYIOUF fender, they can be toasted in the kitchen. t was glad to hear him say this and ringing the bell, I told the servant-maid at once to take them -away and place them before the kitchen fire, well pleased to ba\e carried my point with such debonair suavity for if you get the substance of a thing, it is not wise to make a piece of work for the shadow likewise. Thus it happened I was conqueror in the controversy but Mr. Thrifter's shoes have to this day been toated every morning in the kitchen; aud I dare say the poor man is vogie with the thoughts of having gained a victory; for the generality of men have, like parrots, a good conceit of themselves, and -cry Pretty Poll 'When every body sees they have a crooked neb.
REAL LIBERALITY.—Our readers will be much gratified to learn that the Government of St. Helena, in April last, under the authority of the East India Company, gave FREEDOM, in the genuine and full sense of the word, to one hundred and twenty-four slaves, at an expense to the East India Company of six thousand pounds sterling. This is emancipation Twice blessed; "It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes." JOSEPH HUM.—" GalignaniY Messenger says Mr. Hume delivered a speech in French remarkable for its clearness and logic at the Académie de I'Industrie," &c. on Saturday. We are glad to find that there is one language in which Joseph can be clear and logical, but should be better pleased if it happened to be the English. The Académie &c. have appointed Joseph a French emissary.-Albion. PUNISHMENT FOR LIBEL.-The sentence passed on J. Russell, convicted at the last Assizes at War- wick, of publishing a libel inciting the inhabitants to resist the payment of the parish rates is three months imprisonment in Warwick gaol, and to find sureties for his good behaviour for three years. HUNT v. AGER.-Oll Monday, in the Court of Exchequer, Mr. Hunt, ex-M.P. for Preston, of po- lished celebrity, pleaded in person, in his action for libel against the proprietors of the True Sun news- paper. The libel charged Mr. Hunt with having, at the election, pointed out Counsellor Seager to the mob, by saying, "that is a black sheep," upon which the mob fell on him and murdered him. It appeared that the gist of the libel was, however, discredited by the addition of the word Fudge" to it; and the jury awarded the hon. ex-M. P. damages One Far- thing. LIBEL LAW.—Mr. Cohen, the editor and pro- prietor of the Brighton Guardian, has been sen- tenced by the Court of King's Bench to six months' imprisonment in the county gaol of Essex to pay a fine of 501. to the King; and to find security for his good behaviour for three years, for the publication of of a libel which was construed to have a tendency to set the lower against the higher orders; and to bring the magistrates of Sussex into contempt. TRIAL OF W. J. BANKES ESQ.—The trial of this gentleman on an abominable charge took place in the Court of King's Bench, on Monday last. The Solicitor-General conducted the prosecution at the instance of the parish of St. Margarets, Westminster; Sir James Scarlett conducted the defence. The evi- dence most decidedly refuted the vile imputation attempted to be fixed on the hon.-gentleman. A dis- tinguished concourse of noblemen and gentlemen, at the head of whom was the Duke of Wellington, testified to the honourable and moral character of Mr. Bankes; and the jury, in delivering their verdict not gUilty. felt called upon to say, that Mr. Bankes and the other defendant left the court free from the slightest stain on their character. Mr. Barrett, the proprietor of the .Dublin pilot newspaper, has been tried for the publication of of an address of Mr. O'Connell to the People of Ireland, called by the Whigs a libel." The Jury have returned a verdict of "Guilty;" but accom- panied by a strong recommendation to mercy." Judgment will be pronounced next term. Messrs. O'Connell and Sheil were counsel for the defendant. LOCAL COURTS.—The Sheriffs of the different counties have, in accordance with the recent Act of Parliament, given notice of their intention to hold Courts for the trials of issue in actions depending in the superior Courts for the recovery of debts not ex- ceeding 201. GAEENWICH OBSERVATORY.—The ball, which we stated, in a recent number, that the philosophical Whigs had ordered to be dropped every day from Greenwich Observatory, precisely at one o'clock, by some mistake was on Monday week not dropped tUt a minute after one. The mischief and confusion which this error will occasion in the chronometers, and consequently in the computations of longitude, of the vessels leaving the Thames on that day are- quite of a piece with the mischief done by these empirical simpletons in every thing e!se. THE PILLAR OF THE GREAT PILLAR OF THE STOCKS.- On Tuesday a strong sensation was created in the Royal Exchange, in consequence of Mr. Roths- child, the eminent capitalist, being prevented from taking up his usual station, with his back leaning against one of the, pillars of the building, at the south- east corner of the Royal Exchange. A person named Rose, who had no business to transact, placed himself in. this particular spot just as Mr. Rothschild entered the Exchange to conduct his extensive transactions in the foreign exchanges. In vain did Mr. Rothschild, who was much surprised, courteously remonstrate with the intruder—iu vain did the Exchange porters exert themselves- Mr. Rose would not stir from the pillar, and Mr. Rothschild was ultimately compelled to retreat to the benches is the rear. Mr. Hume is not more attached to his plaee-bya certain pillar in the House of Commons, than Mr. Rothschild is to his accustomed station in the Exchange; and he was so excited at being displaced, that he was some time before he could compose himself and commence bu. sineli Some time ago'a similar attempt was made to oust Mr Rothschild from his pillar, but without effect. He has been of late subjected to various petty an- novances of a similar kind. Mr. Rose has addressed a letter to the Morning Chronicle in vindication of his conduct, in this letter he malfets a strong feeling against Mr. Rothschild, asserts his equal right to a pface on the Exchange with that gentleman, and ex- presses his determination not to Yield his right to a foreigner, merely because he is an enunent capitalist, and regulator of the tore.gn exchanges." GALLANTRY OF THE OLD GUILDRY OF ABER- DEEN — At a meeting of the Gu.ldry of Aberdeen on Tuesday, foV the pUrp4°r e,ect'VW,e1lve Assessors for the ensuing year, the Dean of Guild stated, that he had taken occasion to request that some young men should be put in the list for Assessors, and in referring to the old statutes of the Guildry, he found that he had done well m so doing; as the tenth chapter, lhf. re ief Gildochters," extends further than the chivalry of latter ages, and gallantly enacts, that "if she be of gude conversation^ gude fame, and hes not suflRcent gudes provisione shall be made to her of aile husband. -Glasgow Chronicle. THE EARL OF WEMYSS PACKET.-Judge Pat- teson after heating counsel at chambers, on Thurs- day week, on the propriety of admitting to bail Mr. Reeve who is charged with felony by purloining the property of some of the passengers who lost Their lives on board the Earl of Wemyss packet, decided in the affirmative.-The amount of the recognizances was-for Mr. Reeve, OGOI., and four sureties of 2501. each —The defendant s recognizances and those of one of his bail were immediately entered into, and as soon as the threeo.her bail are received in the country. Mr Reeve will be discharged from custody.
GLEANINGS- One Deuuis, commonly called the Critirk, who had written a threepenny pamphlet against tha power of France, being in the country, and hearing of a French Privateer hovering about the coast, although he was twenty miles from the sea, fled to town, and told his friends they need not wonder at his haste; for the King of France having got intelli- gence where he was, had sent a privateer on purpose to catch him.—A chambermaid to a lady of my ac- quaintance, 30 miles from London, had the very same turn of thought, when talking with one of her fellow-servants, she said, "I hear it is all over London already, that I am going to leave my lady." —And so had a footman, who being newly married, desired his comrade to tell him freely what the town said of it!-Dcan Swift. The two maxims of any great man at Court are: always to keep his countenance, and never to keep his word.-Ibid. THE BLACK-HOLE AT CALCUTTA.—Calcutta was taken by the Nabob Surajah Dowla in 1756, when the English prisoners, in number 145, were driven in the evening into a place called the Black-liole prison, a cube of about 18 feet, where, through the want of room, the exclusion of fresh air, and the heat of the climate, 123 of these hapless victims expired in extreme agonies the same night'—One of the survivors died a few years ago. CAPACIOUS BEER CASKS.—A few years ago, before Mr. Thrale's death, which happened in 1781, an emulation arose among the brewers to exceed each other in the size of their casks, for keeping beer to a certain age; probably, says Sir John Hawkins, taking the hint from the tun at Heidelberg. One of the trade (the father of the late Mr. Whitbread it is conjectured) had constructed one that would hold some thousand barrels, the thought of which troubled Mr. Thrale, and made him repeat from Plutarch, a saying of Themistocles "The tro- phies of Miltiades hinder my sleeping." Yet, Mr. Boswell, in his journal, relates that Dr. Johnson once mentioned that his friend Thrale had four casks so large that each of them held 1000 hogsheads. But Mr. Meux, according to Mr. Pennant, can shew 21 vessels containing in all 35,000 barrels: one alone holds 4,500 barrels; and in the year 1790, this enterprising brewer huilt another which cost 50001. and contains nearly 12,000 barrels, valued at about 20,0001. A dinner was given to 200 people at the bottom, and 200 more joined the cnmpany to drink success to this unrivalled vat. DAVID GAM.—David Gam was a very favourite Captain of Henry V. His highspirited answer when Henry sent him to reconnoitre the enemy at Agincourt, deserves to be recorded :—An't please you, my Liege, there are enough to be killed, enough to run away, and enough to be taken prisoners." Sacrificing his life for the King's personal safety in the ensuing conflict, this valiant Welshman, as he lay expiring of his wounds, was knighted by the gratetul monarch. This hero's residence was at Old Court, near Abergavenny. It is said that he also resided at Newton, near the bridge at Brecon. —Dieneces, the heroic Spartan, gave an answer of the same description, when he was told, before the battle of Thermopylae, that the Persians were so nu- merous that their arrows would darken the light of the sun, That will be very convenient," replied Dieneces, for we shall then fight in the shade." ORIGIN OF THE TERM LADY.—How it came to pass that women of fortune were called Ladies before their husbands had any title to convey that mark of distinction to them. Heretofore it was the fashion for those families whom fortune had blessed with affluence to live constantly at their mansion house in the country and that once a week, or oftener, the lady distributed among her poor neigh- bours, with her own hands, a certain quantity of bread, and she was called by them the Laff-day, i.e. in Saxon, the Bread- giver. These two words were in time corrupted and the meaning is now as little known as the practice which gave rise to it yet it is from this hospitable custom that to this day the ladies in this kingdom aloncserve the meat at their own table. IMPERIAL BLACKSMITH, AND NOBLE BELLOWS- BLOWERS.—Peter the Great, Emperor of Russia, visited with great assiduity the iron works of his dominions, and himself learnt the business of a blacksmith. He succeeded so well in that trade, that in one day he forged alone, 18 poods of iron, equal to 720 pounds weight, and put his own par- ticular mark on each bar. This was performed at the forges of one Muller, at Istia, ninety versts' distance from Moscow, to which place he often resorted. One of these bars, authenticated by Peter's mark, is still to be seen at Istia in the same forge. Another, forged also with the Czar's own hand, is shewn in the cabinet of the academy of sciences at Petersburgh: but this was forged at Olonetz near the lake Lodoga, the 12th of October just before his death, which happened in 1725 this bar weighs 120 lbs. Peter, on the receipt of one of his day's wages from Muller, went directly to a shop and pur- chased a pair of shoes, which he took great pleasure In showing on his feet, saying to those who were present, I have earned them well with the sweat of my brow, with hammer and anvil." Peter once passed a month at Istia; and when he worked at the forges, the bayards, and other noblemen of his suite, were obliged to blow the bellows, to stir the fire, to carry coals, and perform all the other offices of journeymen blaeksmiths. At the time of the Trojan war, not only arms, but the instruments of the mechanic arts, were made of copper. Iron was then held in such estimation, that, in the games which Achilles celebrated iu honour of Patroclus, he proposed a ball of that metal as a considerable prize. HONEY-MOON. The juice of bees, not Bacchus, here behold, Which British bards and bridegrooms quaff'd of old." From the custom of drinking mead for thirty days' feast after a grand wedding, comes the expression Honey-moony which is a Teutonic phrase, not to be found in the warm wine latitudes. Attila, King of Hungary, notorious for the horrible ravages that he committed both in Gaul and Italy, drank so freely ot hydromel on his wedding day, that he was found suffocated at night; this occurred in 453, and with him expired the empire of the Huns. BRANDY.- ,rile celebrated Bishop Berkeley used to call the few who had drunk spirituous liquors with impunity for a series of years, the Devil's decoys. UMBRELLAS.—The first person who used an umbrella in the streets of London, was the bene- volent Jonas Hanway, who died in 1786. The first sold in Glamorganshire was at Neath a respectable shopkeeper of that town sent to London for one for Sir Herbert Mackworth, about 70 years ago. ANECDOTE OF HANDEL.-HurIllg the latter part of Handel's life, about the year 1753, in the Lent season, a minor canon from the cathedral of Glou- cester offered his services to Handel to sing. His offer was accepted, and he was employed in the choruses. Not satisfied with this department, he requested leave to sing a solo air, that his voice might be heard to more advantage. This request also was granted but he executeclhis solos so little to the satisfaction of his audience, that he was, to his great mortification, violently hissed. When the performance was over, by way of consolation Handel made him the following speech—" I am very sorry, very sorry for you, indeed my dear Sir but go back to church in de country God vill forgive you for your bad singing; dese wicked people in London dey vill not forgive you." TRAVELLING IN ENGLAND A CENTVRY AGO. In December, 1703, Charles the Third, King of Spain, slept at Petworth on his way from Portsmouth to Windsor; and Prince George of Denmark went to meet him by desire of the Queen. In the relation of the journey given by one of the prince's attendants, he states; "we set out at six in the morning, by torch-light, to go to Petworth; and did not get out of the coaches (save only when we were overturned or stuck fast in the mire) till we arrived at our jour- ney's end. 'Twas a hard service for the prince to git fourteen hours in the coach that day without eating anything, and passing through the worst ways I ever saw in my life. We were thrown but once, indeed, in going, but our coach, which was the leading one, and his highness's body coach, would have suffered very much, if the nimble boors of Sussex had not frequently poised it, or supported it with their shoulders, from Godalming almost to Petworth; and the nearer we reached the Duke's house, the more inaccessible it seemed to be. The last nine miles of the way cost us six hours time to conquer them; and indeed we had never done it, If our good master had not several times lent us a pair of horses out of his own coach, whereby we were enabled to trace out the way for him. Atterwards, writing of his departure on the following day from Petworth to Guildford and thence to Windsor, he says; I saw him (the prince) no more, till I lound him at supper at Windsor; for there we were overturned (as we had been once before the same morning).and broke our coach; my Lord Delaware had the same fate, and so had several others."— Annals of Queen Anne.
aCJllPTUitH ILLUSTRATIONS.—No. 2l. ACTS. 17, v. I I. These were more noble than those of Thessalonica." (" Virtus sola nobilitas.") Though the Greek word Eugenesteroi literally sig- nifies better born, yet those admirable commentators, Drs. Whitby and Doddridge, incline to the more literal translation 11 of a nobier and more generous disposition and "there is a peculiar spirit and pro- priety in the expression, as the Jews boasted that they were free and noble, by virtue of their great pro- genitor, were (eugenesteroi) his more genuine off- sprillg.DoDDRI DO E. The Jews looked upon themselves as the only per- sons of true nobility, as being of the stock of Abra. ham even the poorest Israelite, eaith R. Akibah, is to be looked upon as a gentleman, as being the son of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. But the Gentiles Ihey horribly despised, as the base people of the earth, not fit to be conversed with by them, they being in their law stiled, Not a nation, a people that shall be born." (Psalm 22, 31), "that shall be created in the genera- tion to come," (Psal. 102. 19:) and so yet had no being, •« not a people,(Hos. ]. 10 ) And, it being said by the prophet, that dall the heathens are as nothing and were accounted as nothing:" (Is. 40. 17,) they still accounted them as such. Hence Mordecai is introduced as praying thus, "Lord, give not thy sceptre to them that are not Esther 4.11. And Esdras, speaking thus "0 Lord, these heathens who have ever been reputed as nothing have begun to be Lords over us2 Esd. 6. 57. Thus Abraham is said to be Father of the Gentiles,' before that God who calleth things which are not as if they were: Rom. 4. 17. And Clemens Romanus saith of the Gentiles, 'He called its who were not, and would that of no being we should have a being.' Though therefore it is abundantly shewn in these and many other sacred texts, that the Jews looked upon themselves not only as of free, but of noble hirth, as being of the seed of Abraham, yet Sti. Luke ex. plains wherein true nobility consisted viz. in such a disposition of the soul as inclined them to attend to the doctrine of the Gospel "-WHITBY. Ut essemus qui nondiun eramus-" -1 R ENEUS.
UNI VERSIT Y IN TELL IU ENCE, I OXFORD, NOVEMBER 28. | This day the following degrees were conferred :— J. MASTERS OF ARTS.—Anthony Francis Butler St. I Brasenose, Grand Compounder; Spencer ^Smith, Ball'0'' | Grand Compouuder; Rev. George Pinhorn, St. EdmuD1' L Hall; Rev. John James Di^weeil, Pembroke. I BACHKLORS OF ARTS.—William Henry I Boorle, St. Alban Hall Robert Blewett Morgan, Univer- | sity; Charles Welland Edmonstone, Joseph R. Coope' | John Casebow Barrett, Christ Church Rowland Mnefc'eS* f ton, Scholar of Worcester; Phillips J>onnithorne Daynaa"' I Alexander Hall, Balliol; John Pigott Munby, William | Nairn, Scholars of Lincoln Arthur 1). Gardner, Schol*1 k of Jesus; Thomas Prothero, Brasenose William Fletch«r» I Trinity; William Henry P. Ward, Oriel; Joseph Walk* I Scholar of Wadham Havilland Le Mesurier, Chepmelb | Scholar of Pembroke; Seth Benjamin Watson, 3°^ I Frederick Boyes, Exhibitioners of St. John's. CAMBRIDGE, NOVEMBER 29. I On the 16th instant Francis Richard Begbie, 1 B.A .jof Pembroke College, was elected a Fonndation Fello^ j of that Society. J"> I PREFERMENTS.—Rev. J. H. Pooley, M A. Fellow^ St. John's College, and Curate of St. James's London, W the Rectory of Scotter, Lincolnshire. Rev. Samuel Smith,' Minor Can6n of the Cathedral Church of Ely. to the Perpetual Curacy of St. Mary, Ely- Rev. J. C. Clark" B.D. to the Rectory of East Farndon. Northamptonshire. Rev. Buckle, Fellow and Tutor of Wadham College, I Oxford, to the Head Mastership of Durham Grammar School. We understand that the late Rev. Daniel Pettiward has bequeathed a splendid collection of books and works of Art o Trinity College.
Some light has been thrown upon the horrid circumstance of the murder of Mrs. Jeffs, in Monta- gue-place, some years since. It wilt be recollected that this horrid deed was attributed to some relation of the murdered lady, and for which a man natced Jones was tried at the Old Bailey, and acquitted; but for another offence, he was transported, and sootC months back was hanged for some crime io Vtt Dieman s Land. The night before his exeentionbe sent for the Sheriff of the Colony, now in England and confessed himself guilty of many crimes, and several murders; amongst others, that of the unfor- tunate Mro.Jetfs -,Ilorning Herald. ATTEMPTED SUICIDE IN THE BANKRUPTCY COU ItT.-Yesterday week there was a meeting of the creditors of Charles Gregory of Luton, Bedfordshire I The proceedings, as regarded the debts, were not of any interest; but it appeared that at a private exami- nation, a few days since, Commissioner Merivalc I threatened to commit the brother of the bankrupt I unless he explained some imputed acts of coitustof. On this the bankrupt took a large clasp knife frorobJ8 pocket, tore open bis waistcoat and made two throsfs with the open Instrument at his left sice. Severe persons rushed towards the bankrupt, and, after severe struggle, took the knife from him. By the first stroke the bankrupt cut hrmseff, the blood flo*^ copiously, and Gregory fell back apparently in j1 dying slate, to the consternation of the whole Court. The wound was examined but found to be very slight, and by no means dangerous. Further proceeding were adjourned, and the bankrupt then passed examination satisfactorily. HORRIBLE EFFECTS OF DISSIPATION.—A cir- cumstance occurred at Cupar Fife a few days ajo, ,Il calculated to prove, if any thing will, an emphatic warning to drunkards. A woman of the name of Balfour, a very bad character, and the mother ofll family, some of whom, it is to be feared, have followed too wetl her evil example, being one night last week in a state of gross intoxication, either fell into, ot according to some accounts, sat down upon the fi,e, and neither herself nor her daughters being in a-sta'e fit to render assistance, she was scorched in such dreadful manner, that she died in a few days- One account says, that her daughter pushed her iptO the fire. This, it is to be hoped, is not the fact, bØt surely the public interest requires that a report oi < this kind ought to be judicially invest igated.'L-Flfe Herald.
THE MARKETS. CARDIFF. WTieat, I68Ib.l8s. OdtofOs. fid. Pork 311 5<I Barley 8s. 6d. 9«. Od. Butter. —<1 Oats 2i. 3d. 2s. 6it. Salt do 9J Beef, per lb. 0s. 4d. 0s. 5<1. Kow's, per couple 2s3<f to 2s Veal 0s. 4d. 0s. 5d. Ducks 2s 6d to » M<lttoa «■»- *¥■ Os- 5frl. | Geese, per lb 1 MERTHYR. d Fine Flour(281b).. 4 9to0 0 Beef.perib o 3' 0 n Best Seconds 4 6 O 0 Mutton n fi 0 Butter, fresh, per lb 0 10 0 0 Veal. „ 1 a Ditto, saH 0 8 0 0 Pork, perib* n 6 0 a Fowls, per couple 2 0 2 6 Cheese. I* 0 5 0 » Ducks, ditto. 2 6 3 6 Baton per score 6 6 7 g Eggs, per hundred 4 OtoO 0 Potatoes, per 71l> 0 2 0 COWBRIDGE. WheatfW.bush.) 6s. M.tcrOs. Pd. ) Veal J toOs. Barley ditt* .Os. Oil. 3s. 6d. [ Pork Ou. 31 OS- Oats .0s. Od. 2s. 3d. I Lamb .0s. Od. 0s. » Mutton (perlb.} 0s. 5d. os. 5 £ d. I Fresh butter. Os.Z Id." !»• Beef 0s. 4<1. 03. 6d. J Eggs (per dozen} 0s. od. 0s- NEWBRIDGE. Wheat(1681b)18s. Od. to 21s. 0d. | Cfats. 8g. gj /0 0i. Barley 8s. Od. to 10s. Od. | SW ANS EA. Wheat (Winch.b.).. 6s. led. I Oats 2s. Barley 3#. 9d. f Beans OS. MONMOUTH. Wheat. 8s. 0 d. I Beans 6s. 4 Barley 4s. 3 d. [ Pease .0s. Oats 3s. 9 d. | ABERGAVENNY. Wheat, per quarter.. £ 2 9 10 f Barley £ l 6 J Oats — 0 0 j Beans » o Pease. 0 0 o| CHEPSTOW. Wheat 44s. lOd. | Oats I6«- 9i, Barley 27s. 9d. | Beans I.—s BRECON. Wheat (10 gals,)8s. 0d.to8s. 6d. Beef (per lb.) 6d.t«J Barley 4s. Od. 4s. 3d. Mutton 6d. I 0"ts 4s. 0d. 4s. 3d. Veal 6d. I Malt 9s. Od. Os. Od. Pork 6d. %ts Is- Od. 4s. 3d. Veal 6d. I Barley 4s. Od. 4s. 3d. Mutton 6d. I 0"ts 4s. 0d. 4s. 3d. Veal 6d. I Malt 9s. Od. Os. Od. Pork 6d. Pease Os. Od. 0s. 0d* J Fine Fluur(persack)•. 43*- CRICKHOWEL. Wheat, 801b bushel.. 8s. fid. Vetches 6s- a Barley 6d. 1 Pease 5s. 0s. Od. j Batter, per lb lOdto CARMARTHEN. Wheat fis. 6 d. I Oats Barley 2s. 9 d. J BRISTOL CORN EXCHANGE. PEa QUAHTEH. PEII QUARrod. s. d. s. d. s. d. *■ j Wheat, Red. 46 o to 50 o Ilye — °'0_* 0 White 52 o to 54 o Bean* 0 to f J 0 Barley,Grinding22 o to 24 o Ticks ..46 o to 43 Malting 28 o to 29 o Peas, White ..54 o to a Oats, Feed 16 o to 17 o Malt 48 0 to »-< Potatoe.. 19 a to 200 PER SACK or 2801b. glmr. Fine 40 o to 41 o Seconds 38 o to 39 o Thirds 26 o to 28 o Pollard, per too 105 0 to 110 o ]Bra. o tQ, Joso PRICE OF LEATHER AT BRISTOL. j d. d. d. Crop Hides, per lb. 12tol8 CalfSkius 20 English Butts 15 21 Best Pattern Shins & 34 Bnihlow It 13 Gomniolt ditto z@ «| Middlings 13 15 Heavy Skins, per lb. & 16 Butts 21 CalfSkins, Irish If i0 Extra Strong ditto I8 21 Curried 18 03 Best Saddlers-Hides. 16 18 Wehh. ,9 Shaved ditto-. 14 jg Kips, English & Welsh.. jg Shoe hides. 13 14 Shaded.ditto. lj? )g Commo" • • • 12 13 Foreign Kips [9 Bull ditto 12 13 Small Seal Skins fi HorseHides(EngJish).. 14 17 Large ditto j3 Welsh Hides 13 16 Bait 119 German dilto 15 19 Foreign Shoulders » 9} Spanish ditto 18 22 Bellies 1? Shaved do. without butts, Dressing HideShouldei-B l 10 9s. 6d. to 14s. fid. each. -Beitic. gi HorseButts. II 13 MOON'S AGE. New Moon, Dec, 11, at 12 minutes past 7 morning- TJS TIMES OF HIGH WATER AT THE FOLLOWING NUT WEEK. BHIHTOI.. SWANSEA. NCWPUKT. HOUN.iEVEN. MORN. EVEN. MORN. EVEN. MOBf"- g, ><• DAYS. H M H. M. H. M. H. M. H. M. H. M. f, Sunday 4 471 & 17 3 32) 4 2 4 22 4 52 5.6* Monday. 5 39| 6 7 4 24' 4 52 5 14 5 42 » 6 Tuesday 6 33' 6 59 5 18. 5 44 5 8 6 34 7 Wednesday. 7 2d 7 42 6 5 6 27 6 55 7 17 J a » Thursday.. 8 l! 8 21 6 46 7 6 7 36 7 56 'J « Friday 8 39 8 57 7 24 7 42 8 14! 8 32 » g 2* Saturday 9 17)9 37 8 2 8 22 8 52, 9 12
— — J OJ MERTHYR TYDVIL Printed and p,lbli/ihStr««t' WILLIAM MALLALIKU, at the Office, High where Orders, Advertisements, Cominuuical'ott are requested to be addressed.
TRIAL BY JURY IN PRUSSIA. Interesting trial of Mr. Fonk. a wealthy Olercliaitt at Cologne for Murder. Rhine-Prussia enjoys another superiority in possessing trial by jury in all criminal matters. The institution was introduced among them when they were made part of the French empire and on their restoration to the Prussian Monarchy, the king consented to the continuance of the new forms of jurisprudence. But, unless the powers of their Attorney Generals be more strictly defined unless their jurors be more iuviolably preserved against the in- fluence of newspaper writers and pamphleteers, who dis- cuss the question of guilt or innocence before the man has been brought to trial; and, above all, unless their rules of evidence be brought to a more strict accordance with common justice and common sense, jury trial, in in those provinces of the Prussian Monarchy, will be an instrument of outrageous oppression just as frequently as of protection. As illustrative of the inability of jury trial, when not accompanied by other precautions, to confer social security, it may be worth while to record the case of Mr. Fonk, which was keeping Cologne in an uproar,when I visited that city in 1822. Some disputes had arisen between this gentleman, a most respectable merchant, and his partner, who resided in the country, relative to the settlement of accounts on the dissolution of their copartnery. The paitner takes it into his head, that a balance so un- favourable to himself inay have been brought out by sub- jecting the books to some undue process, and sends in an accountant to examine them. The necessary books and the original vouchers, are snbinitrcd to the accountant no trace of fraudor falsification is discovered the partner himself com: 11:0 town, and at a meeting at 1\Ir. Fonk's house, at which the accountant is prescm, a final arrange- ment is agreed upon. The accountant aad his employer leave Fonk's house about eight o'clock on a Saturday evening in November, return to their inn and sup with all acquaintance. When this acquaintance goes away, at ten o'clock, the accountant accompanies him as far as the mar- ket-place, there leaves him, returns in the direction of the inn, aud is never again seen, till, two months afterwards, the ice upon the Rhine breaks up, and his corpse is floated ashore on a meadow inundated by the river. S HIIe marks upon the body lead to a suspicion that he has been murdered, and tilrown into the Rhine. The public, taking the murder for granted, and unable to discover that any other person had an interest in taking his life, accuse Mr. Fonk of having perpetvated the crime, to prevent him from disclosing to his employer the falsifications which he had discovered in the book., though no falsification existed, though all that the accountant had to disclose bad been already disclosed, and a final settlement ot matters had been agreed on. The affair immediately becomes a hot party dispute. Mr. Sand, the Advocate General, or as we would style him, the Attorney General, applies for a warrant to arrest Mr. Fonk, and put him on his trial. The Judge of Instruction, who discharges in some measure the functions of a grand jury, refuses to take such a step on mere indefinite unauthorized rumour; and, from this moment the Attorney General proceeds with the ardour and partiality of a partisan. It may be, that he was con- vinced of the guilt of the individual but the press did not hesitate to ascribe his zeal to very different motives, and his zeal certainly misled him into conduct which mere official duty could not suggest and cannot justify. Mr. Fonk had, in his service, a cooper of the name of Hamacher, and the believers in the guilt of the former with the law officers at their head, think it probable that this man may have been privy to the murder. He is ap- prehended, and consigned to the most unhealthy dungeon that the prison can furnish; no person, except the instru- ments of the police, is permitted to visit him. He is allowed one companion, a condemned robber. This mis- creant receives instructions to keep by him day and night, and to allow him no repose till he consent to confess. He executes these orders excellently well he prevails on the cooper to write letters to his wife, which he himself engages to find means of conveying to her, and then de- livers them to the police, by whom this ingenious device had been suggested. The prisoner is allowed, as an indul- gence, to receive the visits of his wife, but police officers are privately stationed to overhear their conversation; while, at the same time, every means is used to irritate him against his master by false representations that the latter is publicly accusing him of the murder. After he has been subjected for some months to this moral torture, allured by promises, and exposed to the arts of a wily police, tha courage of the man, as one party calls it, or his obstinacy, as the other party terms it, begins to waver; and as soon as he shews an inclination to yield, he is removed to a more comfortable prison. The Attorney- General, who has hitherto acted behind the curtain, now comes forward upon the stage. He sends bottles of Rhenish to the prisoner; and this representative of the King of Prussia in the administration of criminal justice, does not blush to spend evening after evening in the cell of this suspected murderer, drinking wine with him, and arrang- ing the confession over the bottle. After the study of some weeks, forth comes the confession, not brought out at once, but gradually put together, revised, jointed, and polished by these two worthies, and emitted, for the tirst time, before a magistrate, only after they have thus put it into a marketable shape Without entering into the details of tliis precious docu- ment. the Htanner in -which it was concocted, and the use to which it was applied, are sufficient for all I have in view in relating this melancholy story. The amount of it was, that, on the Saturday evening on which the account- ant disappeared, he returned to Fonk's house, between ten and eleven o clock, for what purpose not even the cooper and Attorney-Geiieral ever pretended to conjecture; that Mr. Fonk took him into the spirit cellar, under pretence of showing him some brandy, there murdered him, with the assistance ot ,tne cooper, partly by strangling him, partly by striking 'm on the head with a piece of iron, and packed the body into a cask, in which it remained in the cellar till J J morning, when a man was procured witn a horse and cart, who conveyed it from the city, a few miles down the Rhme; that the cooper then took it out of the cask, tied a one round the knees, and threw it into the river. It farther bore, that Fonk had previously proposed the murder o is cooper more than once, but that his honest conscience had iudignantly rejected the atrocious design; ye a ast, though aecording to his own story, he was OQ J expectedly present, with his honest con- science, at e,Perpetration of the crime, he bears as stout and willing a and in the deed, as if he had been a hired assassin. c the manufacture of the confession was going on, lie was heard to say on one occasion, when the Advocate ^»e era|fcaj left him, after a long tippling con- versation, euTa" soon be ready now; for we have agreed at as j w«o I shall say carried away the dead body." No sooner is this more than suspicious confession made known, 1 parties are formed in Cologne, nearly equal in num cr$,aluj entirely so in prejudice and violence. The one par y isbelieves the whole story, aud expatiates with mu £ re.a 0n the inexplicable, they even venture to say, the .crunltlal manner in which it has been manufac- tured wllell the other maintains that this declaration is worthy ot all accptation both against the maker of it, and again* is Blaster, and, as a motive for the crime, they slit' sPea of souie uuintelligibls falsification of the books- All at once, they arestartled by the decision of the arbiters who had been appointed to examine the books a'u\ accounts of the copartnery, and discover those supposed fa si cation$on which alone the theory of Fonk's guilt rested. He himself had named the first merchant of Cologne in c_?racler, wealth, and mercantile skill; his adversary named his most prejudiced and indefati- gable eoemy, the Advocate General himself. These gen- tlemen, however, give an award which does not merely establish the atxence of any falsification, but proves, that, instead of ron* being a fraudulent debtor to his partner, that partner is indebted to him., To complete the confusion of the party. the servant, too, retracts his confession, de- claring before a magistrate, that it had. been fabricated solely to procure some alleviation of the miseries which he t-ndured in prison, and seduced into it, as he was, by the urgent representations of those placed about him. On this private interviews again take place bctweeu him and (the higher persons, and he again adheres to his confession; then, when left to himself for a while, he retracts it a second time, and to that retracttion he has remained constant to this hour. He is. no longer useful, and, therefore, no longer deserves mercy. He is brought to trial, and, on the retracted contession, is convicted of having aided in the murder, and condemned to imprison- ment for lifp for, so craftily was the declaration put to- gether, that it made him appear only as an accidental, and almost unwilling assistant in the crime. Armed with this verdict, the Advocate General returns again to the attack, and Mr. Fonk is at last put upon his trial. Now the paper war between the parties rises to fury Pamphlets, and newspaper articles,attacking and defending th.ea<;oused,and teeming with the partiality and virulence of faction are poured I-ortbin floods; the most important political question would not excite half the discord and party violence that were spread far and wide by the approaching decision of a matter of life and death, aud that, too, among those very men from whom the jurors were to be taken. The trial (which took place at Treves) lasted nearly six weeks in England, it would not not have tasted six hours. There was no evidence that the man had been murdered at all. The medica: witnesses disputed and quarrelled with each other, three live-long days, before the court and the-jury they read long manuscript essays, and made long medical speeches, in defence of their opposite opinions, as it they bad been pleading the cause, The country doctors wi re quite certain that the wounds on the heart bad occasioned death, and had been inflicted before the body'was thrown into the water the Proiessor of Anatomy in the University of Marburg w asjust as positive that only a fool or a knave could maintain that such wounds must occasion death, and must have been inflicted on dry land, considering that the body had been so long tossed about among the loose floating ice on tbe Rhine. Many other witnessea were called, but, except that they went far t0 establish an alibi in favour of the prisoner, they proved nothiij" that was of much moment on either side. The whole "question turned upon the coopers confession, and it actually was received as evidence, in spite of the resistance ot the prisoner's counsel. Although it was allowed that, as the person who made it stood convicted of an infamous crime, he could not be heard to confirm the same story on oath in presence of the court, yet it was sent to the jury when only written, not made in their presence, not upon oath, and judicially retracted. The man him- self waibrought forward, and repeated his final retractation to the jury, declaring the whole story to be a fabrication, and entreating the Judges, with tears iu his eyes, not to receive it. But to the jury it did go; and, as was to be expected from the indecent virulence with which the mat- ter had so long been discussed out of doors, the pride and prejudice of faction found their way into the jury-box. In in ii ue ueiieved, that on this declaration of a coiulomneu malefactor, not given before the jury, but taken out of court .\e¡us before, retracted and contradicted before the court by the very man who made it, procured by arts, and manufactured by a process, of which enough was known to I render the whole more than suspicious, a. majority, though a .J13"0.1"- n,aj°rity, of the jury convicted a respectable fellow citizen of a deliberate and utterly causeless murder? What sort of justice cftuld any party hope for from such juries in the struggles of :political factions? Really, the despotic Prussian government alone showed any regard to justice in this long train of calamity. If it did not inter- fere with the strange conduct of its own law officers, this arose from a laudable feeling of delicacy- Considering the hostile disposition towards Prussia which exists in the Rhenish provinces, and the rapidity with which this question had been made a party dispute, any interference of government would have been considered an arbitrary disregard of the more liberal forms of Rhenish justice. The government therefore, allowed the law to take its own course in its own way; but, so soon as the appeal founded on points of law (for the verdict is final as to the question of fact) had been dismissed by the Supreme CJurt, orders were sent down from Berlin to institute a judicial inquiry into the conduct of the police throughout the whole affair, and a free pardon was granted to both prisoners. The law of evidence which admits such materials, and the men whom the practice of the law thus teaches to look upon them as legitimate grounds of judgment, are equally enemies to the caution and purity of criminal jus- tice. Tribunals accustomed to act in this manner cannot expect that their decisions will be respected. Scarcely was the verdict pronounced, when petitions signed by numbers of the inhabitants of Cologne, were sent off to Berlin, not praying for a pardon as a grace, but arraigning the verdict, as founded on the total want of evidence. The unavoid- able consequence of such scenes is, to weaken the founda- tions on which jury-trial stands in a country where it exists more by tolerance than by good will, and to retard its introduction into other states where it is esteemed the forerunner of political anarchy. Nor is it the government alone that regards jury-trial with unfriendly eyes; the mere lawyers, full of professional prejudices, are equally irreconcilable enemies, though on different grounds. I found a professor of the juridical faculty at Juna poring over a folio manuscript, iu which he has been collecting for years, principally from English newspapers, all the cases where a jury seems to him to have given a wrong verdict, and from these he hopes to convince Germany that a jury is the worst of all instruments for discovering the truth. To such men, a trial like the above is a strong hold for they forget that the law which admits such evi- dence as legitimate is no less in fault than the jurors, whom rashness, prejudice or popular belief, seduces to act upon it, and they commit the very common error of confounding the incidental defects with the essence of an institution.— Russell's Tour in Germany.
STATE OF THE CHURCH. We mentioned in our last that the darkening pros- pects of the Established Church had begun to excite the attention of the Clergy and the numerous body of Laity sincerely attached to her communion, and that associations were about to be formed in various parts of the country for the purpose of declaring their firm attachment to her doctrines and discipliaeyand their determination to unite in her defence against the fashionable innovations of the day. We sincerely rejoice in being enabled to state that the Deanery of Bristol has been one of the first ecclesiastical dis- tricts to respond to the ery wbich^ will ere long resound in every corner of Britain Who is on the Lord's side-who ?" The Clergy appropriately stand torward as the guardians of the ark, and they call upon the Laity to join with them in saving it from violence and desecration^—The call we are sure will be promptly obeyed, and thus a phalanx will be formed, such as, we firmly beljeveJ has never stood up in defence of the Church since the days of the Martyrs. A meeting of the Clergy ot this Deanery was held yesterday at the Diocesan School-room, when the following resolution was unanimously passed :That an association be formed of the Clergy and Laity of the Deanery and neighbourhood of I Bristol, for the purpose of co-operating with other associations of the same description in different parts of the kingdom, to withstand all change which involves any denial or suppression of the doctrines of the Church of England—a departure from the primitive practice in religious offices, or innovations upon the apostolical prerogatives, order, and com- mission of Bishops, Priests, and Deacons." The Rev. R. G. Bedford, the Rural Dean, presided, and there "were also present—the Revds. T. T. Biddulph, Theophilus Biddulph, C. P. Bullock, W. H. Bayley, G. Barrow, C. Brice, Dr. Charlton, O. Cave, J. Eden, F. Elwin, H. Gray, H. Green, J. Hensman, W. Hunt, W. Hale, C. Holder, J. Hall, T. F. Jennings, W. Millner, F. T. New, J. Nash, J. B. Poulden, H. Richards, Dr. Swete, H. Street, &c. &o. We hope to furnish our readers next week with the resolutions passed at this meeting, and to announce that a "Church Union" is on the eve of being formed through the length and breadth of the land. Such a hallowed combination of the Clergy and Laity will be approved by all good nen, and above all will be blessed by heaven :—and while, we are persuaded, it will be as a pillar of fire to afford light and guidance to those within the pale of the Church, it will be as clouds and darkness to such as would level her with the dust.-Bristol Journal.
THE CHURCH. The" Bristol Journal" of Saturday says-" It is with much pleasure we insert the following Address, which is in course of signature in this diocese, and in most other parts of the king- dom:— To the Most Rev. Father in God, William, by Divine Providence Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate of all England. We the undersigned Clergy of England and Wales, are desirous of approaching your Grace with the expression of our veneration for the sacred office to which, by Divine Providence, you have been called, of our respect and affection for your personal character and virtues, and of our gratitude for the firmness and discretion which yon have evinced in a season of peculiar difficulty and danger. At a time when events are daily passing before us which mark the growth of latitudmarian sentiments, and the ignorance which prevails concerning the spiritual claims of the Church, we are specially anxious to lay before your Grace the assurance of our devoted adherence to the apos- tolical doctrine and polity of the Church over which you preside, and of which we are Ministers and our deep- rooted attachment to that venerable Liturgy in which she has embodied, in the language of ancient piety, the ortho- dox and primitive faith. And while we most earnestly deprecate that restless desire of change which would rashly innovate in spiritual matters, we are not less solicitous to declare our firm eon- viction, that should any thing, from the lapse of years or altered circumstances, require renewal or conection, your Grace may rely upon the cheerful co-operation and dutiful support of the Clergy in carrying into effect any measures that may tend to revive the discipline of ancient time, to strengthen the connection between the Bishops, Clergy, and People, and to promote the puritv the efficiency, and the unity of the Church. NEW CATHOLIC CHAPEL.-Sir Richard Bulke- ley of Baron Hill. has given fifty pounds towards building a Roman Catholic chapel at Bangor.-North Wales Chronicle. We understand that the late Rev. Daniel Pettiward has bequeathed a spleudid collection of books and works of art to Trinity College, Cambridge. The whole amount of his pecuniary bequests to chari- table purposes was 40001. The remains of Mr. Petti- ward were interred at the family vault at Putney, not Finborougb.-Bury Post. BEAUMARIS CHURCH.-—A new gallery is about to be erected in the south part; generally called St. Nicholases chapel i and an addition will also be made to the north side. The Hon. and Rev. Henry Edward John Howard, M.A. Prebendary and Succentor of York Cathedral, and brother of the Earl of Carlisle, it is utv derstood will succeed to the late respected Dr. Wood- house as Dean of Litchfield. J, MUNIFICENT BEQUEST.—The treasurer of the Devon and Exeter Hospital on Thursday received a benefaction of 1,0001, from the executrix of the Rev. James Windsor, of Uflfcalum, deceased. THE CHARACTER OF AN 1RISH GINTLEMAN — There is one man in Ireland whom neither Whig nor Tory loves, or esteems, OK trusts. Gifted with powerful talents, he has almost made „s forget his talents in the profligacy with which they have been exerted. Possessing extensive influence, he has employed that influence in fomenting the mischief which it ought to have been used to allay. He has been successively the rancorous enemy of every administration, the slanderous reviler of every pub- lic man. He has made the King and the Parliament by turns odious and contemptible he has defied their authority and derided their indulgence. He has invented a legal resistance to the law, and organized a system of anarchy from him the noon- day assassin and the midnight incendiary derive, it not their guilt, at least their impunity. Professing patriotism, he has made patriotism a profit to him- self; professing religion, he has made religion a curse to his country. To-receive praise from him is degradation to covet support from him is guitt. Strongly as we express ourselves we write only what all honest men know and teel. Upon the principles and the purposes of the person we describe there is no difference of opinion. Censure is un- varied by one phrase of apology detestation is unanimous. Lord Grey condemns with the Duke of Wellington, and Mr. Stanley denounces with Sir Robert Peel.—Morning Post. [Pithily expressed! --who can be meast?l j