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NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that Messrs. JOHN & HENRY WHITE, BOOKSELLERS, STATIONERS, & DRUGGISTS, have this day been appointed AG ENTS for the Town aud Neighbourhood of Merthyr Tydfil, to the Smpmai Pirit Htfc gnourancit Compmtg. Regent Street, and Sun Court, Cornhill, London, of whom printed Rates and Conditions, for effecting Insurances may be obtained. By order-of the Couft of Directors, JOHN HOWELL. Dec. 5, 1833. ( Their late Agent) TO SERVANTS. WANTED in a PRIV ATE FAMILY a GOOD PLAIN COOK of sober and steady habits. Apply to Mrs Davies, Bush Inn, Merthyr, if by letter, the postage must be paid.. 100,000 TRANSPLANTED OAK dFov Salt, UPON REASONABLE TEUNTS. THE Plants are from two to four feet high. Apply to Mr. R. W. Purchas, Bieswear, near Monmouth. Harcli, pruct, aufc eaft. GLAMORGANSHIRE. FOR SALE at YNISCAMBVVL Ts'CRSERY, near the "Lamb and Fiag. 150,000 LARCH, Fr.ur Years Old. 12,000 SPRUCE, Ditto. 5,000 OAK, Ditto. Terms and particulars may be obtained of Mr. James Dalrymple, Ynbcambwl. L
THE CORN LAWS. .
THE CORN LAWS. We fast week made some remarks on Mr. Macaulay's ominous speech at Leeds: by the following extract from a talented London journal, our readers will per- ceivc the light in which Mr. Macaulay's statement is generally-regarded We hope that this will be communicated to every farmer and every farm labourer through the kingdom ,they will here see who are their true friends, and know ,how,to,act when the destruction of the House of Lords shall be next proposed to them. Meanwhile, they must see also, that they have no chance of ultimately escaping -the workhouse, but from the dismissal of the Whig Cabinet. The Whigs confess the disposition to destroy the agricul- tural interests, but lament that the House of Lords stand in their way—they farther lament that they have not the • present power of swamping the House of Lords. Give them a little time, however, and they promise to change, by an insensible process, the character of that assembly; aud they have too much interest in the matter to permit us to doubt that, in this case, they will keep their word. Every Say, therefore, which the Whigs remain in power is, to borrow a-familiar phrase, a nail in the farmer's coflin'-every vote given by a farmer to a Whig candidate is as'plainly a shove of his own offspring on the road to the workhouse." With all due deference we must take leave to say that the question has come to this ?-Shall the misera- ble pittance which a timid policy has given to a loyal yeomanry and bold peasantry, be at last taken from them, and they be told that themselves are are valueless, and the food raised by their unwearied industry not wanted, because it may, and therefore ought to be, purchased at a lower rate in Foreign countries? Shall England become a barren waste in order to encourage Foreign agriculture, and hence a famished people, because dependant on Foreign countries for the means of subsistence—bread ? This yre say must be the inevitable result of a free trade in corn- it will at once paralyse our agriculture, already degraded almost below bearing and at last (and this shortly) annihilate all our leading resources. The opiuions promulgated at the dinner above alluded to, seem of a character stronlgy to encourage the clamour against that Ibere shadow of protection which the landed interests new possess. In the face of rapidly increasing pauperism amougst the ag- ricultural community, not labourers merely but even occupiers, we find Mr. Macaulay (having first avowed that he is nearly connected with the Government) 1Itating U that ke holds the corn laws to be one of the greatest possible evils." In a similar tone we find others pouring out their rhetoric; and in fine we •notice with pain that, with an occasional show of -right intentions in the recommendation of u mutual understanding, mutual accommodation, &c. a pretty general feeling pervaded the meeting that the Corn Laws are the bane of the country. Lord Morpeth was one of the leading personages present. Now we would say, Proprietors and occupiers of the British soil, look to yourselves—we know that the former of you have already sacrificed much of your rental- we know that the latter have sacrificed a full third part of their ,capital-we much doubt whether by further sacrifices on the part of the landlords it •u-t- u to preserve as a class the n ish Farmers; but of this we are certain, that j j he dePrive<1 °f the little protection! afforded by the existing laws,—down, down farmers to "the lowest depth" of ruin, and say that Free- j trade sent you there. We strongly recommend the constituency to urge upon their representatives the duty of suppressing, as far as they are able, the almost generally prevailing, but wofully infatu- ated cry against the Corn Laws; not forgetting remark of a great man,—of one, who advocated liberal principles, — that "the bread which we eat should be the produce of our own comstry; and then he cared not how cheap it was.Cum., berland Pacquet. ( From Cobbett's Register.) "1 beg Mr. Morrison's pardon as to the standard being a comparison with the prices of flour in foreign countries. Everything is higher priced in England than it is in France; and why should not the farmers and labourers compluin that they cannot get their linen from France, and their cloth from France ? I can never get ah answer to questions of ttrs sort, Why should I not get ny materials for making implements of husbandry, and why should not I get my American waggon, without a Custom-holise duty; and why are English landlords prohibited from cultivating tobacco on their estates ? Yet I do not call it robbery" of the farmers, the labourers, and the landlords, that these taxes are imposed upon them, and that the rest of the commu- nity seem very willing. that they should pay them. Mr. Morrison teems to think, that I do not want the =Corn Bill repealed at all. I do want it repealed; but I want the Malt-tax repealed a great deal more, in which respect I differ very wiJely from Mr. Morrison. Whether the Corn Bill do injury to the manufacturers and artisans is a question of considerable difficulty. I allow, that, upon an average of years, it may make bread a little dearer than it would be without a Corn Bill; but in whatever degree a repeal of the Corn Bill would reduce the price of corn, it would reduce the means of the greatest mass of the people to employ artisans and purchase manufactured goods; and the industrious part of the people actually loses thirteen millions a year by the Malt-tax. Mr. Morrison seems to think that repealing the corn bill first would produce a repeal of the malt tax and other -burdens on the land. I would rather not trust to that; I would ratfeer.that the people should demand a repeal of the burdens oa -the land, as the groundwork of their de- mand for thre. repeal of the CDrn 'bm'. ".Mr. Morrison seems to think that the free importa- tion of corn woiild affect the agricultural people in the article of wheat. He forgets oats and barley, and rye, and beans, and pease. And would Mr. Mo-irison think it just to lay a tax of inoreitfian a hundred per cent. upon English barley, which is now the case, and yet admit foreign barley without any tax at all upon it 1 Nor do 1 comprehend, as coming from a sensible man like Mr. Morrison, all this spite against the landlords. There must be such people as landlords; somebody must own the land; and men are not tobe hated and ruined, and hunted down, merely because they own land. If, indeed, he talk to me of their injustices with regard-to the Game Laws; if he talk to me of their partiality and selfishness, in case of the Legacy and Probate Duties and Auction duties, I join him with all my heart; if he talk to me about the hateful conduct of 'those who have driven the inhabitants from their estates -in so cruel a manner if he talk to me of these things, i roost heartily join him, and should be very glad it' he would send up from Fifeshire, or srom any part of Scot- land, a Member tojoin me in my endeavours to put an end to these oppressions. But I cannot join in the saying or -doing of anything against the landlords. My business is ,to make them jest, ifl caa; and not to do one act of injus- tice, because other acts of injustice have been done, particularly when this new act of injustice would be attended with injury to millions, who have not, themselvesc1 been unjust. There is one point that has wholly escaped the at. tention of Mr. Morrison, and that is, the striking fact so often mentioned by me namely, that though wheat is now asi cheap.as-it-was in 1792, the four pounds of best bread, which then sold for five. pence halfpenny, now sell for -eight-penee halfpenny. I should tttke to hear some one attempt to give an answer to this. These advocates for the repeal of the Corn Bill seem to care nothing at aU about thatPI»Ko°i A?*'J ,'le "heat >3 low priced! so lifm ,r<ls suffer> these public spirited persons think thpv eJ)»0ti at al1 about themselves. One would ,«SlP ^J,eVhcat 1101 bread i they never tiouble their heads about the price of the loaf. Now, it appears to me, tha. the rational course would be, to inquire j.ow it comes to pass that the bread is so dear, when the wheat is so chcap ? i
LONDON MONEY MARKET.
LONDON MONEY MARKET. CITY, THURSDAY, FOUR O'CLOCK. There has been no fluctuation in public Securities sine,, our last; and scarcely any business doing on the Stock Exchanges. Consols are 88} to 89 for Account, for Money' SSII. In the Foreign Mllrket-Portuguese Stock heavy, 56J f. Spanish 23 to t. Dutch 50k. PRICES OF BRITISH STOCKS. Bank Stock 211 3^ per cent. Reduced.9"-t IndiaStock 212 3^ per cent New 3 per cent. Consols 8S§ 4 percent. 1826. ••* Consols for Account .88i India Bonds 21 22 3 per cent. Reduced .87^ Exchequer Bills.40 PRICES OF FOREIGN STOCKS. Brazilian Bond-5 per ct. 661\ Greek Ang. Bds 5 pr ct. ] 14- Chilian Bonds, 5 per ct. — Mex. Bonds, 6 per ct. 3^^ Colombian Bonds,6 |>r ct 23J Portuguese Reg. Bonds DanWtt Bonds, 3 per ct. 72i Russian Bond*. 5 per ct. 103 Per cent 504 Spanish (1822;, 5 perct. DiffflKi per cent 94A Belgian Bonds, 5 per ct. 951 Fremih Rentes 5perct. — Fremih Rentes 5 per ct. SHARES.—Alien Mines, —; Angle Mexican, 8 9, Bola- nos 135 110; Brazilian,—■; Brazilian lmp.62 3;Do. Na tional, Ditto St. John Del Rey, 7 8; Ditto Cocaei, Cata Branca, 411,5.1; British Iron, 28 29 Mexican Company 8 9j i Real liel Monte, 521 3it, United Mexican. 121 Ditto New Scrip, I4 15 Alliance Fire and Life, llj 12; Protector Fire, 25 26; Australian Agrictilt. 19; Canada Company, 48 9; General Steam Nav. 12 13.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. We much regret that the crowded state of our coluinnS constrains us to postpone the valuable conununications of I., Crito," 11 Decumanus," J. J." Cowbridge, &c. Meralliterary works have reached us too late for this week's paper, but our observations upon them will appear in our next. A Father" is recommended to make personal application to the gentleman of whom he speaks. All Correspondents are requested to send their communica- tions postage free, as they otherwise cannot be received. Our Advertising friends are respectfully requested to send their A dvertisements as early as possible, so that they may be properly displayed. We are sometimes prevented from doing this by the great accumulation of matter at the last moment.
THE LATEST LONDON INTELLIGENCE.…
THE LATEST LONDON INTELLIGENCE. .Idb. A letter from Madrid, dated 23d arriving by the usual route at Paris affords a proof that the roads are now clear of insurgents. From Madrid dispatches have been received to the 24th ult., from which we learn that General Sarsfeld has in reality been superseded in his com- lnalid by General Valdez, a constitutional officer, and forine r] y.co in niaiid e rof'Cartli a gena.-I I Globe." The Indicateur" of Bordeaux of the 30th lilt. announces that General Sarsfeld established his head quarters at Bilboa on the 26th. Some of the Paris Papers of Monday, on the authority of letters from Leghorn, state that the infant of the Duchess of Berry is dead. Intelligence from Antigua states, that the Board of Council of that Island have unani- mously adopted the emancipation plan. The "St. Vincent Gazette," of the 19th Oct. gives a copy of Mr. Stanley's Circular, accom- panied by a message from the Lieutenant Gover- nor to the House of Assembly. There are also copies of the. Solemn Prolest of the Council and Assembly of Saint Vincent and its Dependen- cies against the Bill for the Abolition of Slavery. Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Cambridge was safely delivered of a daughter on the 27th ult. at Hanover. We regret to state, that Lord Viscount Ex- mouth expired on Tuesday night at 8 o'clock, from the effects of scarlet fever, with which his Lord- ship had been attacked about eight da\s. His Lordship, who was in his 47th year, was the eldest son of the late Right Hon. Viscount Ex- mouth, who died in January last.
LONDON CORN EXCHANGE.
LONDON CORN EXCHANGE. DEC. 2.—There has been a good supply of wheat and flour since this day week, with a fair arrival of wheat this morning from E^sex, Kent, and Suffolk; and we have to note an extremely dull trade at a de- cline of full Is. per quarter. Barley is now here in great abundance, and is in consequence full 2s. per quarter cheaper; and malt meets a dull sale. Reans of both sorts are rather cheaper than otherwise, and grey peas are Is. per quarter lower. Having had a very large supply of Oats during the past week, chiefly from lrelatid, the sales are heavy, and 00 rather worse term.s In other articles no alteration. s. s. S. Wheat,Essex Red. 48 a 50 White a 42 Fine a 52 Boilers a 40 Old — a — Beans, Small a 36 White a 52 Ticks a 32 Fine 53 a 54 Harrow 37 a 38 Superfine a r6 Qats, Feed 18 a 20 New a -Fine 21 a 22 Rye a 35 Poland a 21 Barley 26 a 30 Fine 22 a 23 Matt a 58 Fine 58 a 60 Fine a 20 Peas, Hog 35 a36 Bran » a 10 Maple 37 a 39 Pollard, ifne 14 a 16 PRICF- OF HOPS IN LONDON, PER CWT. New Pockets. X 8 £ s New Bags. £ a we II Farnhara 1111 a12 12 Kent 0 0 a 0 0 Kent 5 a 6 10 East Kent Q I) a 0 0 East Kent 7 0a8 0 Yearlings 0 0a0 0 5 0 a 5 10 Old Hops 0 0a0 0 Yearlings 0 OaO — The Hop Duty is estimated at tl56,905 7s. PiticE OF TALLOW AND CANDLES, IN LOMDQ^ s. d s. d Town Tallow, per cwt. 48 0 Greaves 14 0 lliissia ditto, Candle 48 0 Good Dregs 50 White ditto 0 0 c,ir,i Soap 72 0 Melted Stntt 37 0 Mottled ditto 0 Rough ditto 21 0 Yellow ditto 0 CANDLES.—Moulds, 9s 6d—Stores, 8s—Inferior, 7s perdoz. LONDON COAL MARKET. Price of Coal per ton at the close of business. Friday's Prices. Wednesday s Prices. s. d. II. d. Adairs r66 166 Beaumont 16 0 — — Chester j5 3 [! — — West Hartley jy '7 — East Percy Kenton West -.— Orde's lledheugh jg Q Holywell 16 6 Pontop 17 —— 16 Tanfield 18 180 Heblmrn Townley •• 15 9 Sliipcote Hi 15 6 Wylain 0 16 9 WALL'S END. Clarke &. Co. 17 — Heaton •• Dixon's Butterknowl —— Gosforth 19 3 19 6 Blake o Bewicke and Co 19 6 Hilda 17 9 —— 18 0 Urpeth 0 Killingworth 18 6 .—— — Perkins 18 0 —— Northumberland •• 17 9 18 —■ Hetton •• •• 20 3 J<J 6 Peareth —— Stewart's 20 6 2a 9 Tees •• 19 6 19 0 Newmarch 18 18 6 Brown •• •• —■ —■—•' Riddell's "> 3 PRICE OF WOOL IN LONDON. Blanket lad to 17dperlh. Flannel 16d 2 Id Combiug ]7d 19d Trade dull. PRICE OF METALS IN LONDON. BRITISH IRON. Pigs 5 0 Oto 510 0 Bars (ton) 8 0 Uto 8 5 0 Bolts and Rods 9 0 0 to 9 5 0 Hoops 10 10 0 to 11 0 0 Plate 12 0 0 to 16 0 0 Cargo at Cardiff 7 a 0 to 0 0 0 For bd. C.C. N. D.18 10 to 19 0 0 P. S. I.14 0 0 to 14 10 O Swedish 11 10 0 to 12 10 0 Archanget. 0 0 0to 0 0 0 TIN Blocks (cwt.) 4 13 Ô to 0 0 0 Ingots 3 15 0to 0 0 0 In Bars 3 16 6 to 0 0 0 Plates, boxof 225 shts. 0 0 0 to 0 0 0 No. 1 C 13f by 10 in. J 13 0 to 0 0 0 1 X 1 19 0 to 0 0 0 COPPER. British Cakes (ton).. 103 0 0 to 0 0 0 Sheets, per lb 0 0 11 to 0 0 0 Bottoms (lb.) 0 1 Oto 0 0 0 STEEL. English. 0 0 0 to 0 0 0 Swedish, bd. (ton). 15 5 0 to 16 10 0 LEAD. British Bars (ton). 14 10 0 to 0 0 0 Pigs do 13 15 0 to 14 10 0 Sheet milled, do.15 0 Oto 0 0 0
LIVERPOOL CORN EXCHANGE.
LIVERPOOL CORN EXCHANGE. DEC. 3-—Although the arrivals of wheat and flour from Ireland during the week, are not so abundant as the previous one, the demand for wheat was exceed- ingly dull both here and in the country markets the sales were principally of the finest samples, without any reduction in price. The flour trade was very inactive and difficult to effect sales, and for some de- scriptions less money taken the country markets are well supplied from the interior. Oats maintained the advance, and good oatmeal met a free sale at the cur. rency. In other articles no alteration. At this morning's market there was little wheat dis- posed of to the millers and dealers, but some few parcels were taken on speculation, at a decline of Id. per bushel on best samples, and 2d. on inferior. Oats in fair request at last week's currency, and oatmeal brought an advance of 3d. per load, fresh parcels realizing 23s. 6. Flour very dull sale and may be quoted 6d. to Is. lower.-Livey-pool standard.
FAIRS.-At Kidderminster, on Monday, there was a very large supply of cattle. Fat beasts sold freely at good prices stores were dull of sale, and very few disposed of. The sheep and horse fairs were not so well attended as heretofore. The quartern loaf at Taunton is selling for 5Jd. and the bread is equal to any in the kingdom. it, the same town excellent dry bacon is retailed at 6d. per lb, and excellent cider at 2d. per quart. NVHIG PROSPEIIITY.Tije Ministerial press are continually prating of the wholesome and soundly flourishing state of trade, but the mass of persons examined before the Committee on manu- factures, commerce, and shipping, relate a very dif- ferent story. Mr. George Smith says, In 1831, we manufactured upwards of 200,000 pieces of calico are continually prating of the wholesome and soundly flourishing state of trade, but the mass of persons examined before the Committee on manu- factures, commerce, and shipping, relate a very dif- ferent story. Mr. George Smith says, In 1831, we manufactured upwards of 200,000 pieces of calico, worth from 50,000/. to 60,000/ and got nothing by them. We got a small profit the following year, and I conccive we have again a small profit this year."
RAIL-ROADS AND THEIR CONSEQUENCE.
RAIL-ROADS AND THEIR CONSEQUENCE. (From the Sunday Times.) It has been asked, with reference to the article on this subject iu our last number, whv we consider a rail-road, from district to district, of national im- parlance?" for so we proclaimed it, when alluding to that projected between Gloucester and Birming- ham. For a reply we would refer our readers to the published extracts from the minutes of evidence given before the committee of the House of Lords, on the London and Birmiti-,ham railway," upwards of forty miles of which (and those where the greatest difficulties were anticipated) are already staked out! It will be remembered that this bill was delayed in its passage through the upper house for a time. Preju- dices, however, were overcome (for, in the words of Lord Wharnclitfe, "no bill was ever presented before them, supported by evidence of a more conclusive character"), and that measure was carried and de-1 clared to be of the highest possible public advan- tage" in "opening an additional cheap, ceftain, and expeditious communication between the metropolis, the port of London, aud the large town and neigh- bourhood of Birmingham, for the transit and tiaffic of passengers, goods, and merchandise," &c.—so runs the preamble of the act. And uow for the evidence that was adduced (Class A.) as to utility of the rail- way." London and Birmingham merchants and other. most competent to give an opinion, declared that, No. 1, COMMERCE, would be extended and highly im proved by it-that manufacturers of every description, shipowners, merchants, and the public generally, would altparticipute in its advantages. Then comes Xo 2, AGRICULTURE: five highly intelligent land- holders aud land proprietors proelaiin the system to be highly favourable to their interests, and to those of the community at large; that a rail road to trans- mit perishable goods to the Iondon market would in itself be of very greut advantage, that it would pre- vent incalculable injudes to cattle *'and lessen the expense of supplying the metropolis with them They also declared that it wtdd increUse the value estates, along the line, 30 p&r 'cent, The '•TRA- VELLING AND CARRIAGE OF Gofths" is the third point on which evidence is brought forward, and it corroborates in every way that previously given as to the effect of the project on the interests of COM. MERCE. No. 4. The CONVEYANCE OF BtJLLioii, MAILS, TROOPS, AXD MILITARY STOREg" is next referred to, and the importance of their rapid trans- mission is fully illustrated by the evidence of engi- neers, bankers, and officers of the army and navy, who also bear their testimony to the ABSTRACT OF ESTIMATE OF COSTS (Class B), which is calculated, in round numbers, at 2,500,0301 Class C is the ES- TIMATE OF TRAFFIC, i. e. the calculdtion of passen- gers on the London and Birmingf^tn railway, stated to be about 6,500 weekly. The roues weekly passed over 569,808-equal to 29,630,016. which, at the rail- way average charge of 2d. per head per mile, will give 246,916/. 16s. per annum. And thould a duty be levied on rail-road carriages by goverlllnent, corres- ponding to the duty paid on coaches,It would amount to afarthing per mite., or 31,oOOl. perantiam. But not to fatigue our readers with these details, it is as well to state simply, that oil a flllr eofnptitation the number of passengers between the two towns will be more than doubled, and that an increase is assumed, on the traffic of goods, passengers, and parcels, to the revenue, of 738,69!l: Os. lOd. I* Class D, comprises the PRACTICAL EFFECTS or RAILWAYS and the benefits already resulting from them are pourtrayed in a manner to give a confidence to the most timid and incredulous. The success of the Liverpool and Manchester, nd the Stocktonaod Darlington rail-roads, is estiblished on irrefutable evidence. Even CAN At. property it improved by them landed property has increased in price and value. A greater number of hands are employed both by mechanics,manufactaAgriculturist/»t who are simultaneously benefited by the system' There is neither noise, nor stijokey nor any other nui sance complained of even by those who were deter mined opponents to the views of the originators Lords Derby and Sefton, who ranked themselves as such, in the first instance, it IS stated were, on con- viction, most desirous, that the Hbe should pass through their property, as well as several gentlemen in the neighbourhood of Manchester, &e. IVell might the project to which we have now al- luded, after all this, and other equally satisfactory evidence, be declared, in the words of a motion (by the Earl of Denbigh, seconded by Sir T. Skipwith, M.P.. and passed unanimously) to 6-f one produc- tive of very great NATIONAL, benefit,Ip'C Harm it UR: answer, aud we will only IIchl" mat the ptber line pro- jected by Mr. WOODDESON (which is calculated to co-operate with this and to participate in its advan- tages), has our HKARTY wishes for success, and what is more to,the purpose, every progpect-of it. In this respect, there is not only the saving of ex. pense in conveying cattle. but, by the animal being killed in the country, a great saving of waste in the quantity of the meat, as well as of deterioration in the quality. k"
In the remarks which have beeil made on the subject of the export ot gold and silver, as tending to diminish the existing quantity in the country, one circumstance appears to have been totally over- looked-namely, the quantity that is imported. Exports are all entered at the Customs, but no such obligation rests on imports the outgoings are also noticed m the official returns, but the amount ot im- ports it is impossible to ascertain. It is hardly fair to make a bugbear of the one when a correct balance cannot be drawn of the relative transac- tions. The Custom House reports are referred to with confidence, but they only give the exports; and while people speak of the amount of specie lent out of the country, they do not appear to re- member the quantity which comes in. It is but a few days since one vessel brought specie to the value of two millions of dollars, and the American packet ships are continually supplying our stocks. Gold and silver come to England as remittances, when they answer better than other merchandize: and when they are dearer here than elsewhere they will arrive, and vice vena, like otherobjects of trade. Though money is made of them they are not money, and cowries or paper might be quite aa good a medium of commerce, if equally durably and received with equal confidence. We are neither at liberty to transform money—(the circulating medium of the country), int-o bullion, nor bullion into money of the country, and none other can be circulated here. The very idea of" gold" clings to men's minds, and on that account it is wished to keep it on the spot; but as long as our own coinage (which it is not legal to send away) does not go, why not consider it as merchandize, and in doing so bartering gold for produce in one country is the counterpart only for bartering produce for gold.in the other.. The nation which remunerates the greatest quantity of industry is the richest, and not that which possesses the largost portion of the precious metals. There can be uo greater example of this than Spain. Once in possession of the sources NylWjaod -gold and silver ara derived, so far from thír contributing to her prosperity, it has been the main cause of her decay. No circulating medium whatever can be the means of subsistence to a population, but can only be looked on as a conventional manner of facilitating trade. it is indifferent what material is used as a medium of exchange, provided it be received with public confidence. — dtp Articlt of tkc London Guardian. 1 > f' GRAB FINANCES.—In order to save a small portion of the revenue, a soorce from which this coun- try was likely to derive considerable advantages has been suddenly and unceremoniously cut off. From the year 1826, and downwards, a trade had been opened of grinding flour out of potatoes. this and other districts of the couutr), In.ilis were erected.-tbe the trade paid weU, and was rapidly eg,tendiagg to the great benefit of the districts where it was carried, on, when, in August last, an order was sent by the Board of Excise to their officers, commanding all such mills to be placed under their protection, to, pay a licence of 5/. each, aud 31d per lb. on the flour, the same as starch manufacturers. As the trade had been carried on without challenge for seven years, and a considerable capital invested in it, an order tantamount to its complete prohibition was certainly a harsh measure, and could hardly be justified by the very trifling amount of revenue which ever has been drawn from starch. The machinery is simple, and an acre of po- tatoes ground into flour paid from 121. to 151. The agriculture of the country at present certainly requires every facility of making money of its produce, and a tax which demolishes a trade altogether can never be a good one. Money, however, must be drawn to meet the national expenditure and the mobs of the great cities, having been allowed and encouraged to take the direction of what shall and what shall not be taxed into their own hands, will not fail to throw the burden of taxation on the backs of the agriculturists, for this very good reason, that, like their own sheep, they allow themselves to be shorn quiet IY --Aberdeenshire Agricultural Report.
( A CABINET CONSULTATION.…
A CABINET CONSULTATION. I ('From the London Guardian.) | Rumours have been rife for some days past oidl" agreements and changes in the Cabinet. We not before alluded to them, having no go by. The data upon which they have | grounded we can now, from our own sources, I be as follow. I At the close of the last session Earl Grey did^_ I the preceding year he had done—announce to colleagues his then decided resolve not to meet *0° I ther session of Parliament as Minister. This tin>e I intimated that his determination was final. But th | noble Premier has a family, unhappily too numet"0^ I not all provided for even yet, and those who ha*e j good luck to be endowed, are not all secure of tbtl places in case of his retirement. To preserve tbelll ( (or to those who were in, aud to lea» £ she coast clear those who were out, it was deemed advisable by far-seeing gentleman Ned Ellice, as he is fanaiha termed, (a good sort of fellow in some respects), | some kibsman of the Greys should in any case t»^ i the helm in his stead. I Lord Durham was the man considered to j most convenient tool. But his Lordship had j | more iwed to govern stable-boys than gentlemen colleague Ministers Mr. Grunt and others I Cabinet remembered that even at a Cabinet dinner cJ would lose his temper, fall out with and complain hø I the the lacquies of his hosts, and so they demurred } I pulse of the country too was felt, and there v"aS 1 chance. The scheme did not therefore aoswer | well as the Greek loau and various other of Mr. Ellice had done. A great commotion was I consequence; various combinations were formed, P none succeeded. Some proposed Mr. Stanley- j was too young others the; Duke of Richmond-" | was too stupid j no body ventured to think of 1-^ | Brougham—he was too slippery. So after dining? | town without resolving, the Milliters adjourned^ Woburn Abbey, to shoot rooks and confabulate *»• I out the risk of eaves-dropping. But neither dining or shooting could they hit the mark; w I result of this turmoil is, that for the present t4 I Grey remains Premier, and all further discussions a j adjourned till after the holidays—that is, until I ary. This we have good reason to believe is 1 | status quo—antebellum. I
SHREWSBURY CORPORATION-—When the poration Commissioners arrived at Shrewsbury^ I Corporation passed a resolution formally deny1 the right of the Commissioners to enforce the right of the Commissioners to enforce thell' At tendance, or to compel the production of tbeir ments, but declaring that, out of respect to his M a I jesty's Commission, they were willing to supP'/j the Commissioners with all the information ca for. The result of the investigation reflects, I every respect, the highest honour on the Corpof tion; and at the termination of the enquiry, j Deputy Recorder, John Bather, Esq. addressed t I Commissioners in a very courteous and speech, which elicited the most fervent applal"~[ I and the Commissioners acknowledged the I courtesy with which they had been treated. | -Corporation of Shrewsbury is decidedly Tory as the Chester Courant pithily observes ThlS, the gentlemanly and pleasant manner in which t Tories have always acquitted themselves in I public capacities." I EXTENSIVE SEIZURE OF MACHINERY —A J quantity of machinery for the manufacture of woolly j about to leave this country, has just been seized W I the officers of the Customs. And report says t" | a Treasury order for machinery of a very differe^ J description was the pretext under which it was j have been shipped. The Lords of the Treasury caøf\!I be too particular in granting applications of nature, as the complaints from the several iiiailu d t turing districts are, with very great justice, loud ØJg frequent, and the punishment of parties attempt* j» 1 fraud uuder such sanction should be as severe a» l,tjJ law will admit. The commissioners of his Majesty. Customs should expressly direct the vigilance of th officers to the subject.—Morning Herald. DEATH QF AN ECCENTRIC CHARAGTF.R. Friday last died at Madingtop, aged 72, Mr. Paucutt, carpenter. Thedoceased was well.kn°WIB y I Oxford, bi» house having beet* occupied as a J J residence during the HUi»n^rr months, by varl°rV. j families of Oxford, for upwairds af half a ccn<" I He had an extraordinary njco^ory, and could re^°.a<re the days of the death and burial of all in the viHa" I from his boyhood. He kept an exact accoun of I daily expenditure and the Mate of the weather. fiJl the last thirty years he has been accustomed to fJ in a garret with the window open all the year roa^ He was so partial to beer, that let him come ever so tipsy, he would not retire to bed without ,I usual cilp full (half a pint) of his home brewed, a# drank the same quantity of cold water every morm S before he got up. He kept no books, but his "were written on spare pieces ofboard with a I and placed in a small room appropiated expressly [ the purpose. He had made during his lifetime no than 1103 coffins aud being apprehensive that P g J nephew might not provide one for himself, he | directions for the boards, and they were I three.days only previous to his death. He was W" inarried.-Gioucesier Chronicle. I AFFAIR OF HONOUR.—We learn that a has recently taken place between two influent! members of the turf—Mr. Gully and Mr. Ridsdale-Jj till lately confederates and confidential friends. appears the quarrel originated as to the Hon- M- winning, on the late St. Leger, and that a blow struck, he not suffering any man to take libert'^ with his name." The aggrieved party intends "I'P*^ ingto the law for redress.—Audi alteram parte our motto and we therefore decline entering into ex-parte statement, though authenticated by a c°^ respondent on whom we unquestionably rely* Sporting Magazine. SHIPWRECK.—The galliot Hill, ofNewry, Bellingbam, master, from Newry to Liverpool, wl f oats, was totally wrecked on the-Anglesea coast, ties to Prlcstholme Island, on Friday morning i hands saved, but the vessel went totally to pieces. HORSF. KILLED BY A BOAR.—The followi^ singular instance of the ferocity of a boar occurr in the vicinity of this city a short time sincee horse having been pht into a meadow in which a boar and some store pigs, was attacked by former, which, it is supposed, instantly infliV such a wound upon it as to render it incapabte^^ j effectual resistance the entrails were torn out, I the poor animal whilst in this state being set uPg » by the whole of the pigs,'was partly devoured al»*^ 1 The horse was rather valuable, and the loss tof f J I owner, Mr. Llewellin, is of consequence.— fiery 'I Journal. FATAL ACCIDENT,—On Monday last, as landlord of the dreyhoiiiHl-liin, at Louth, ws«' moving a great-coat belonging; to one of his gues loaded pistol, which was in one of the pockets, off, and he received the contents in his body, off, and he received the contents in his body, oolo effects of which he died almost immediately.- Herald. I UPSETTING OF A TRAVELLING MFNAGEftIF. OB Friday evening week, a travelling menagerie proceeding from BaUyniahon to Longford »n 4 cendmg the canal bridge near the former town, overturned, and rolled into a deep drtch on the r0j*~ side. So great was the slioek that the doors of cages were forced open, and beasts, birds, reptiles all, were jumbled together en masse. An unfbrtØO racoon fell in the way of a hungry tiger, and £ devoured in an instant; a chamois and a ni"B v shared the same feet, and several yards of a boa coo strictor found a resting place in the capacious be of this tyrant of the forest also, before he seemed, an affair which was not completed wit" much difficulty and danger.-Athlow Independest. f FORGERY IN IRELAND.—The prinairjJrti tOpiC (J conversation in high life, and anion;* the c'fl,J?j1ti Dublin, for the last few days; is the flight °f. Scott Vandeleur, Esq. charged with having coram'1 forgeries to a large amount. It is said that the of England is the principal sufferer, owing to f°r,jC|i powers of attorney. The branch banks at Lim" have been losers to the amount of 9000/. and bankers in Dnblin have sustained considerable Mr. Vaudeleur is son to the late Colonel Vandel g and a near relative to the venerable judge. Be High Sheriff of Clare two years since. About or eight years ago he married Miss Molony ~g0l. county, with whom he received a fortune of By this lady he has five children, and it is said she that t I ceived a letter from him last Monday, stating, jp. neither she nor his children would ever see him thir He was a member of the Kildare-street and oe., clubs, and played high. Mr. Vandeleur's age not exceed 38. Peace officers have been despa after him to England. after him to England.
MERTHYR JYDVIL, SATURDAY,…
MERTHYR JYDVIL, SATURDAY, Dec. 7, 1833 It is a most remarkable feature in the history of modern times, that the PEOPLE of England, those at least who have politically passed as such, have acted, in the prosecution of their own inte- rests, under the cloud of an extreme delusion. It is a very natural accompaniment of this, that they have then so acted with the greatest perti- nacity when they were most under the influence of delusion: and to those who know that vaniety is of all passions the greatest impediment to know- ledge, it will be matter of no surprize, that the people have then most plumed themselves upon their march of mind." when they were most signally the dupes of those who have been de- ceiving them. Is it possible for any person, of even a small share of worldly sagacity, to view the origin, the history, and the manifest effects, of any of the great popular movements which have recently occurred, without perceiving that in every one of these events the private interests of an artful few have been the end, and that the PEOPLE have been merely the means? When Mr. O'CONNELL agi- tated the Irish people from one end of the Island to the other, did we not see that the sole result produced is, that he and his kinsmen are elevated to a place, which was then first degraded when they were admitted into it? The misery, the distress, the destitution, of the Irish people re- mains unmitigated; and it must ever be so as long mains unmitigated; and it must ever be so as long as, through absenteeism, the most populous region (for its extent) in Europe, is a country which exports to foreign shores that food which ought to be earned and consumed by its own industrious natives. But here again we have the genuine fruits of "government by the PEOPLE." The causeoftilis absenteeism is in great measure agitation; through which none, but those who promote the objects of the selfish few, can live in safety. Of that agitation, the people are the acting instruments: of that agitation the people suffer all the dreadful consequences, in penury and even in famine: and yet they persist in it, as long as they are flattered with glowing orations on their loftiness of spirit, and florid appeals to their elevation of mind. But this is not all. Where a populous island abounds with harbours, and rivers, and numberless facilities for communica- tion, there is the native seat for manufacturing industry. Whatever capital is thus introduced is eternally circulating in the country, and eter- nally forming wages, and diffusing abundance to the poor but can we expect that capital will ever flow iuto a country, where the very people who are to earn these wages, defeat the due course of law by their own physical force, and render property and even life mere things of caprice and chance? But it will be said, the picture which we thus trace of ill-fated Ireland does not apply to those happier portions of the kingdom, England and Scotland. We affirm that, as example of a great principle; in proportion as the same causes are introduced, it does apply with even the uicest exactness of operation. There is not one man who lives by honest industry, but knows full well that the greatiiess or smallness of his wages de- pends entirely upon the prosperity or decline of the trade at which he is engaged* This is a law which nothing can alter, either as to the increase or the decrease of the reward of human industry. It is an equally certain truth, that nothing ope- rates so fatally on trade as a sense of insecurity: and nothing is so productive of a sense of inse- curity, as political commotion. In all the agita- tions of recent times, the agitators, exactly like O'CONNELL in Ireland, have deluded the people, with fine words which cost them nothing, into practices which have cost, to the industrious man his employment; to the weak minded man his reputation, or perhaps his life. Can any one of the thousands who have thronged the musters of the Birmingham Union, ever forget that Mr. ATTWOOD'S first inducement to form the union was the great, patriotic object of obtaining a statute that Messrs. ATTWOOD and Co. might issue £1 Ilotesf Can we doubt that, if this sop had been granted, the patriotism of the great English Agitator would have melted into thin air? And yet Mr. ATTWOOD was a patriot, (we believe the very best ef them too) of the modern school, for whom the men of Birmingham would have fought and bled, as if it was their interest and not his own that he was promoting. In the whole course of the commotion kept alive by the Reform contest, every one must re- member how mournful was the depression of trade, how severe the privations of the industri- ous classes. Whether the bill will ever realise the expectations entertained of it is very doubt- ful: under a Whig government it certainly will not; for the modern Whigs have 110 principles of conduct, and can be only an incumbrance to whatever is connected with them. But though the people have paid dearly to purchase what we fear will be disappointment, there are some per- sons who will benefit among the general loss. Lord GREY, Lord BKOUGHAM, Lord ALTHORP and numbers more, incomparably unfit as they are for their situations, have large emoluments, and have settled their kith and kill on the public for large emoluments too, for doing——what the country might wisely give them twice the money for leaving undone. If the people have not those advantages for which they sacrificed their trade, their employment, and frequently strong ties of old and long standing attachment, at least they have the consolation of having answered abundantly the purpose for which they were set iu motion. The Tories are down the Tories who bore us in triumph through the great war with France nay more, who made those days of mortal war the golden days of England's wealth. The Peers have been rendered null: so that whenever Lord shall bring in another bill to lay the poor nian's little earnings prostrate at the foot of a el Whig Mayor or a Whig Aldermau, with no appeal," the only order in the legislature that could speak with independence now is silenced. The King, the patriot King, the King, who was the idol of his people the King, who is the father of his people, has drank the cup of insult to the dregs held by the hand of that modern Ganymede, the proud, the popular, the aristocratic Lord GREY. These are some, there are countless more, of the sweet fruits of popular movements by large popular bodies; and the patriotic, the liberal, the enlightened people think, all the while, it is themselves and not THE FAMILY that they are Serving!
SPAIN.—The intelligence from Spain during the present week abounds with statements and counter statements, of which we conceive the following to have the greatest appearance of probability: The Bulletin du Soir of the 26th Nov. states that the Cura Merino has been defeated on the 14th near Breviesca, and pursued as far as Pancorbo. A letter from St. Sebastian says that at Pancorbo Sarsfeld's troops came up with him, and again again defeated him upon which Merino and the insurgents of Alava retreated to Miranda. Sars- feld, at the head of 7000 men, quitted Bursas on the 14th. According to the Memorial Bordelais," of the 24th ult. Santiago Villabolos, at the head of 3000 insurgents, had been attacked at Cerbera d'Aquila by a detachment of cavalry under Gene- ral Don Santiago Wall. The Carlists were de- feated with a considerable loss in killed and wounded, and 7 or 800 prisoners. Several changes in the ministry of the Queen Regent are also spoken of- There is a rumour, but not authenticated, of M. de Zea having been removed from the administration: and it is stated, rather more positively, that Sarsfeld has been replaced by QueSada; another account states,by Don Geromino Valdez: & that the Duke de San Fernando had been appointed Minister for Foreign Affairs. Several less important chan- ges are also spoken of. As far as any positive assertions are made, they go to represent that the cause of the Queen is victorious. It cannot be denied, however, that the constant insurrections, on a small scale indeed, which are continually breaking out and suppressed in different places, .coupled with the fact that even her Couriers are obliged to go by very circuitous routes, indicate a strong oppo- sition yet to be overcome. HOLLA.ND.-Dutcli papers speak of a farther reduction of the army, by sending home a num- ber of men on unlimited furloughs: but on the other hand, his Majesty, by a Message to the States General, asks them to pass a law calling out one man in every 300 souls for the service of the militia. This is probably a measure of pre- J caution against contingencies. Baron Von Verstolk is preparing to go to Germany, it is supposed, in order to be present at the approach- ing conference of Ministers at Vienna. GREECE.—The German papers speak of an entire change in the Greek Ministry, by which Colletti is at the head of the new Administration, as President and Minister of the Interior; the other members of the Government are Theocaris, Schnios, Mavrocordato, and Schmaltz. Since the arrival of the leaders of the Corfiotish party, all has been quiet in every part of Greece. EGYPT.-The Austrian Observer" states that an insurrection has broken out in Candia, which the Viceroy has ordered part of his fleet, under Admiral Osman Pacha, to proceed thither to suppress. The squadron sailed from Alexandria on the 28th of September. Differences have arisen respecting the payment of the tribute by Mehemed Ali to the Porte, on which subject Edham Effendi, the Commissioner of the Porte at Alexandria, has sent to Constantinople for instructions. WEST INDIES.—From an article under the head Jamaica, in another column, it appears that the Colonial Legislature is disposed to enter, in the best spirit of candour and good faith, upon the arduous Talk" of settling the new constitution of the colony upon a liberal and prudent basis. On the 9th of October a resolution was moved paying a just tribute of thanks to the able and honourable exertions of Mr. Burge, the agent of that Island in Great Britain, in support of the interests of the colonists. The House divided on the question, and 35 gentlemen voted in the affir- mative, and one gentleman, Mr. Campbell (King- ston) was the opposition!
The Lord Bishop of Durham has most liberally presented a donation of 201. in aid of the funds of the Seaman's Loyal Standard Association, North Shields. The anniversary (hnner of the Essex and Col- chester True Blue and Conservative Club, took place at the Three Cups Inn, Colchester, on Tuesday week under the patronage ot the Conservative members of the county, and sixty-three other gentlemen of that party all of whom had had subscribed their names L stewards. Shortly after five o'clock, Sir G H. Smvth took the chair. He was supported on his rierht bv Richard Saunderson, Esq. M.P. R. w. Hau Sire Esq-i M-P-. ,J°h" Roun<1' J* Hu'he V'»" ble Archdeacon Lyall; on his left by Sir John Tyrell, M.P-» A* M P-» and Colonel Kp«f an. The Vice-Presidents were Roger Nunn ESQ M D Nicholas Turner, and D. O.Blyth, Esqrs' K being 210 present, the assembly room 3 sufficiently extensive to afford a seat to all, about fiftv therefore dined in a side room, Alexander Miller, Esq. a"d A|, mas B1yth> Presiding. The meeting pasfd <f "^h the utmost conviviality, and a variety of loyal and constitutional toasts were given.