TO Tim EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE AND GUARDIAN SIR,—Your correspondent B." while he enume- rates all the real and imaginary inconveniences which may arise from individuals being prevented crossing a canal or rail-road for any purpose they may think proper, has altogether omitted noticing those precautions which the legislature always takes to prevent the privilege thus given to canals, or rail-roads, from being injurious to the public. I need not inform your readers that before any Act for incorporating a new Canal or Rail-road Company, can be obtained, every landowner has the power of applying for such communication between his lands as he may think necessary this, if bona fide for that purpose, is invariably granted, and included in the map or plan of such canal or rail-road before it re- ceives the sanction of the legislature. I can more- over safely leave it to your correspondent to name any one instance where, even subsequently to their incorporation, any Canal or Rail-road Company have refused an accommodation of this kind to a land- owner, on his giving them such a nominal acknow- ledgment as would preclude him from using it to their injury, and for purposes not expressed in his application. No disinterested person can suppose that any body of men would invest their capital in forming public communications unless they were protected by the legislature from such endless crossings, and parallel lines as future speculators might think de- sirable and as it might happen (even in this coun- try, where the character of a British merchant is supposed to be always synonymous with fair dealing; that individuals would endeavour first to establish a right of crossing canals or rail-roads under the plea of wanting accommodation as landowners, and after- wards apply such right to carrying on speculations injurious to those from whom they have received that consent, it is but reasonable that all fair pre- cautions should be taken for defeating such a manoeuvre. Relying on the impartiality which has hitherto manifested itself in your columns, I request the in- sertion of the above, and remain, Sir, Your most obedient servant, November 13, 1833. A CANAL OYVNER'
TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE AND GUARDIAN SIR,-A few days ago, the Times, in an article as much distinguished for its characteristic virulence as for its habitual disregard of truth, took occasion, from a malignant report of the proceedings of the Corporation Commissioners given in the Oxford Herald, to make an invidious attack on the Corpora- tion of Banbury and on the conduct of Lord Bute, who, as High Steward of the borough and by his property in the neighbourhood, has a'natural and legitimate connexion with the place. The heavy pleasantry of the Times was expended on the article, and the simplicity with which it adopted the fiction of the Oxford Herald and commented on it as it dealing with fact, was as amusing as that of the American who considered the Diversions of Pur- ley" to be a jest book. The Corporation of Banbury returned one Mem- ber to Parliament, and not two, as was.stated in tile Times; tliel-e- never was an inhabitant of the town who possessed a single qualification for the oilice. The members of the Corporation were all in trades or professions, and it was natural that having the power, they should exercise it in favour of or on the recommendation of those by whom their private interests and the general advantage of the town could be promoted. What is it, that under the miracle-working Reform Bill has, and ever will I have, its influence upon those by whom Members of Parliament are returned I No purer motive cer- tainly than influenced the Corporation of Banbury in their devotion to the interests of a family by which themselves had been individually served, and the interests of the town. What Banbury has become under this supposed corrupt influence, let those who know it speak. It was once the reproach of the county of Oxford—it is now its ornament—it was once a marsh and a quagmire-it is now one of the neatest and the cleanest boroughs in England. To effect the great improvements in the town an Act of Parliament was necessary, and by whom was the expense defrayed?- by the Marquis of Bute. There is not a local charity to which he does not liberally contribute, nor a case of individual distress that, if made known to him, he does not generously relieve. Is there nothing in these things to excite a feeling of respect and gratitude In those whe are the objects of them ? It may be in the nature of a Reform Bill to destroy such an influence, and to scatter to the winds all the bonds which have hitherto been deemed sacred and honourable. Is dn annual dinner to a Corporation a moral or a political offence ?—an offence it will be to the uninvited— hinc illte lachrymee. The smell of venison which could not be reached has engendereitouler passions, than did the luxury effect in demoralizing the partakers of the Corporation banquet. 1 he town of Banbury ever has been, and it may be safely predicted ever will be, under some infiuence baneful or ad vantageous. It is now ridden by the demon of a fierce and radical democracy; and yet so slavish that it does not hesitate to seek in all cases of ditIicultv the assistance of a benefactor so reviled: nor does it fail to find that the revenge of honourable men is to forgive, and to continue its course of liberality. Your obedient servant, p
GLOUCESTER AND BIRMINGHAM RAILWAY.— The Meeting of the Members of the Provincial Com- mittee, appointed to forward this important under- taking, was held at the Tolsey, on Tuesday las', when much discussiou of an interesting Haturt" took place. The Committee, we understand, are busily engaged in thp prosecution of enquiries as to the best liue of road to be adopted, and in obtaining accurate information of the exact amount of the prese. t traffic between the two places. It was stated at the meeting that the country was very minutely burveyed, by a Mr. Brunei, tor a Birmingham Committee, about two years ago, and that that gentleman recommended that the line should go within about two miles of Cheltenham, the same distance from Tewkesbury, and thence through Pershore, leaving YVorc-ester about five miles to the left. This line it will be per- cetved, is almost a straight o.e, and the country through which it would pass, is supposed to be most favourable to raiiways. Sine of the gentlemen present computed that this line could be carried into e eel at u )»ut one ha i ot the expense ol' the proposed through Kidderminster and Stourbridge. Tile grand question for consideration now remaining uo- pears to be whether the traffic on the longer" line would be so much increased as to re.-nunerate the projectors for the extra expense its projection would occasi Oil.- Gio uceste,- Chronicle. WELSH INSOLVENTS.—Uy the 3d sec. of the -ith IV. cap. 47, the Insolvent Court is empowered to order 11*01 vents Debtors in YY'ales to be brought before the ■ottimissioiiers, or Judge of the Court of Bankruptcy, w 10 are invested with the same power as the Commi — Rioner vt Insolvents' Court, which will be a great enefit to NY ales.—Carmarthen Journal.
FROM 'rUrSDAY'S LONDORJ GAZETTE. .DECLARATIONS OF INSOLVENCY'. Cuaries Herbert Gilliam, Strand, victualler.— Nov. 15. Alexander Gibson, Higii-street, YYrtiiteelijpel, grocer, and tea dealer-ov, IS. HANKRUPTS. James Flude, Mincing-lane, winc-;nerchant. Robert Jjtuis o.i, (_>ua public-bouse, VVapinnjr street, Wappi ug, Henry Robert Flaw, Moihferd court, Fcneh ireh-iireet, merchant. William Huckel, Duke-strei-t, St. J■tines, Westminster, lodging-house keeper all(i I-,Iu;lc seller. Margaret aud Jotui Bristol, Cjmmercial-road;. Siepney. engiu -:uakers, Benjamin YVailock, YValcot, S .-inerseuhire, lozenge maker. James Gotter and John COller, TOxtelh Park, Lancashire, joiners and bir.iiters. William R-idclitfe, Whittield, near Gloss.), Derbyshire, cotton-spinner. William Sidebotham, Houghton, Lancashire, cotton- spinner. H. Kew, Norwich, jewo1\cr. G. Stokes, Liveroool, schoolmaster. OFIITNTTC U'ES.—OEC. 10. J. Drew, Manchester, auctioneer. — VV. Aslnvin, Ded- ilitch, Worcester, grocer —J iY] airhead, Buxton, Uno" innkeeper.—x'. 'femperley, \V cs gate, -Nortnumberland, shipowner.—J. Kortt, Kiriley, SatlotK, shipbuilder.—J. Brodrick, Plymouth, merchant, dealer aad ciiapmau.—W. T. Pinwell and J. H. l'ieace, Exeier, lineu-Jrape.—-O- H. Bvrne, Liverpool, sail-maker.—J Dean, Lwerpotl, t1ti!or.=-W, Ba'Cter. Oxioru, pr:nter.
BIRTH. On the 17,h instant, at Velindra Hoxs", in this county, the lady ot Thomas YV. Hooker, lisq of a sou. MARK. ED. 011 Tuesday week, Mr True, bntchcr, to Miss France* GA'VU, botii 'ii S.vansea. At Abergavenny, oil Sunday week, Alexander, sou flf Mr. Mitchell, shoemaker, to Emily, daughter of Air. tommy,ail 01 Monmouth. AL l,iati.rtli, o:i ,e,!k, ?,fr. Ca,rlei Ke,idle, to Mrs. Renie, of the \Vorcester Lodge Inn, Monmouth. On Weiinesilav the 0 ti inst. at Llan;irth, Monmouth shire, Mr Jjhn S immcrs, aged 70, to Mrs. Cecilia Pait lips, aged 60. Tnis is the Uiird appearance ot the bride- at tbe rivmeneal aliar. DIED. On the 3 inst. of a rapid decline, aged 30 yeara, Philip, the eldest son of Mr. J. I'. Jones, ot the Three Compass. C,vdaeh, near S vansea. iju tiie 7tb mst. at Llangonvd, in this county, Ann, the be.oved wite of Mr. JWose.s Sceiviirt, agent of tne Wcnttiy"- t" irgan Colliery, aged 25 years. At Usk, weeks, Mary, infant daughter of Mr. J a,nes Biyt I. On the 2J- inst. S lrnh, daughter of Mr. Thomas Lea, bru;ti-maker, of Hereford, aged live months j an 1 ou the 7th, aiter a lingering illness, Klizabeth, bis wite, aged 22 years. On t tie 10 h ins:. in the 49t'i year of he rage .Mrs. Evans, the wife of Mr, Thomas Kvans, of the G"JdCJ) Grove Arms, 1.1 the village of L aoardiuey Her loss wt i be deeply re- gretted by ,1 large circle of relatives, an 1 also hy "t! the poor people, in tie iin i.ediatc iti in particular. On S itunlay week, Mrs. Harries, the iajy of Ueoive Harries, M. D. ot Hnvrrrt-rdwer.
GLAMORGANSHIRE CARDIFF.—On Wednesday, one of the finest ohooners ever built of her size, P20 tons, was lauueh- the Building Yard of Mr. Thomas Jenkins, 1 Cardiff. This Vessel is the exclusive property of ardiff owners, is built entirely of prime British Oak, a poop deck, figure head, is called Diana, aud Is intended for the Irish and Coasting Trade. On the sat0e day} the keel of another Schooner for the Fo- Trade, to burthen 200 tons, was laid on the same b'ocks. b The London Gazette of Tuesday announces t e appointment of the Hon. R. H. Clive to be Col- "nel Commandant of the Worcestershire Yeomanry avalry, riCe the late Earl of Plymotitti.-The Hon. Sentleman has also succeeded his late noble relative ar Recorder or Kidderminster, and was sworn into office on the 4th instant. MILDNESS OF THE WEATHER-—There is no\\ 'n the garden of D. W. Jones, Esq. of Neath, a of a Gooseberry Tree covered with fruit. COWBRIDGE RACES. See the course thronged with gazers. On Wednesday these races were run upon the 'allion Down. Little amusement was expected in earlier part of the day, in consequence of the ense fog which hung heavily on the race course and the adjoining country about 11 o'clock, how- ler the fog began to clear away, and, for the gloomy ^onth of November the day turned out very agreeable, and the sport afforded excellent enter- tainment. The first race that was run was the hurdle race, and this from its novelty excited much curiosity and expectation. It was won in very capital style by Bradley, Esq.'s Rocket, beating Townsend, Esq. and Williams, Esq.'s horses. The next was the long expected Pony match between Charles Smith, Esq.'s Mushroom, beating Basset, Esq.'s Lady Somerset then followed, *°r a sweepstakes, Mr. Bradley's Rag Flanagan, gating Mr. Webb's Lady Dunraven, and Mr. uough's Bay Horse. The horses were rode by their respective owners, as in the hurdle race, and it Was an excellently contested match. »he farmer's cup was next run for, Mr. Whapum s *>orse beating Mr. Morgan's, Mr. Hautry's, Mr. C- .Williams's, Mr. Simpson's, and Mr. J. Williams's J0rses and the last, though not least, was a an»ous race between two ponies—Mr. Griffiths 1st, a saddle, and Mr Wood 2nd, a bridle. The large body of persons collected on the course, evmced at once the pleasure enjoyed and the &f°Ups of merry and laughing faces seen in every '.Action shewed a joy and light-heartedness in the "Shest measure gratifying. f Carriages of various descriptions, containing some o the most fashionable and beautiful ladies in this *nd the surrounding neighbourhood, thronged the 0vv'n, and the fair and distinguished inmates seemed tnuch delighted with the bold and manly diversion. A stage was erected on one side of the course, here all who wished to be spectators in safety o°k their station, which commanded an extensive Ale\v of the course. Booths were erected for the reception of the Assembled numbers, and here, between the heats, "e enlivening glass and merry song jovially trolled 0rth, augured an absence of all care and the °e^ain presence of mirth and good humour. The races concluded about four o'clock, and e;ery one seemed highly satisfied with the sports of the day. COWBRIDGE HUNT BALL.—The Cowbridge llnt Ball took place at the Bear Inn, Cowbridge, On Thursday and notwithstanding the boisterous State of the weather, we were happy to observe a Numerous attendance of fashionables. Our report p the ball unfortunately did not reach us in time 0r insertion this week, but will appear in our next, CAERPHILLY FAIR. This Fair took place on Saturday, the 16th. There r J, ^'ere few, if any, English dealers, and scarcely any "ennand for oxen and store cattle. The farmers of the Country, however, dealt rather largely with each other 9r young cattle mostly for steers rising three years 0 J, which averaged about SI 10s. the pair. Pigs of 1 descriptions very low—price 6s. 6d. per score. "ere was a very poor sjiow of horses, and scarcely any ponies. The same preference for the Hereford, nd even the cross of that breed, was shewn as at all the late fairs, and they sold more readily, and at higher Prices than our own country cattle. This Fair is a Oniderable mart for Monmouthshire cheese, which is Itt great request at Merthyr and in all the populous ^'strict between Abcrdare and Abergavenny—price 31. and A'l. 3s. per cwt. It is not more than 35 years ago (of course before \¡e days of the Glamorganshire Canal) that the hopkeepers of Merthyr were actually for the most Part supplied with shop goods and provisions from lr. Vaughan, a very intelligent and active trades bl, of Caerphilly !-The times are indeed altered. MUNICIPAL CORPORATION BILL. It appears from the following letter to the Editor the London Guardian, that the very powerful rguments of Mr. Hill and Mr. Meyrick on this sub- let, are awakening attention in other quarters. Sir,—I have read with delight the able speeches y Mr. Hill and by Mr. Meyrick at the meeting res- pecting the Municipal Corporation Bill, in which they so ably, so triumphantly, exposed the oppres- alo which would attend those Whig devices for the objects, benefit by cheap law !—and while read- ies their powerful exposition of the-absurdity of the III then before them, a circumstance occurred to y memory, which, at the time, made a considera- ,'e impression on my mind It has often occurred Slnce, and has been the means of my decision of c°nduct. c, Years have gone by, since when, one day, I was 2,a voyage, and the men were, by direction of an nicer, who watched the execution of his order, 'Ruling with some force upon a rope. The •flieer, ■ < Was attentive to the effect, suddenly called out, "e an Englishman!" and thereupon the rope was stantly belayed." I mused upon this order, but 01 being satisfied, I applied to the officer, who "terpreted the order to mean—• LET WELL ALONE," which he thought was the duty of all Englishmen, which was so understood by his men. I own one those who fear that much mis- 'et is now doing by men who will not LET WELL ALONE." SYMPATHY IN THE NORTli-A meeting of the gisterd electors of Portobello, under the reform act, p °thers qualified to vote for the election of a| hI?I°St' Town Clerk, and Counsellors, was .on. 29th ult., when the electors came t-o the Oj.so l't,on °f dispensing with the duties and services such functionaries, and declined making any of ft h86 e^ect'onsj considering the same would entail B ,eavy expense and burden upon the proprietors Q householders of that newly created burgh."— ale*ionian Mercury. 00.- MERTHYR VESTRY MEETING da meeling was held at the Vestry Rooms on Thnrs- to* 'ast? pursuant to a notice previously advertized, take mto consideration the valuation of the pro- ,,erty of the parish, made by Messrs, Bayldon and °sbrook. On the motion of Anthony Hill, Esq. J. J. Guest Msq, t. p. took the chair. The notice convening the was then read by Mr. Smith, Vestry Clerk. IK Guest'opened the business by briefly stating bv u 0^ject the meeting having been explained g-p 'i no!'ce just read, he would suggest that any ntletnan who objected to the rate, should state the ^,°unds of his objection. He would afterwards state 8 "Wn sentiments upon it. «b J 'imes remarked that h:s house was valued Ve "lfc 'c"Tlt that he actually paid, or that his prede- be'8or had paid for it. He conceived this might have Cfl done in error. t]. Jones conceived that the present question 4 ja. one of the principle of the valuation as respected be ere,lt kinds of property. Occasional errors might Dw ^terwards regulated by the assistance of the PU^h officers. iHij Guest suggested that Mr Jones had better sub- a I'esolution embodying his views of the subject. Me r "'ones moved, that the valuation made by tp»|SSrS' and Fosbrook, upon all lands and within the parish of Merthyr Tydvil be r. Jenkins seconded the motion. ^d p^,uest then read the letter of Messrs. Bayldon «pjn- osbrook, to the Churchwardens, stating their th°n' t,lat 1 j"st Proportion for rating property ?oa| e.Vu'uation was, laud at 2-3ds. houses, bui dings, tut ,[1""0s>and other property,at one-half He then rUl the resolution. Mr. Walter Morgan considered it proper that the valuators should have been present at the Meeting, to explain some items which were not clearly understood. He was not desirous to do any thing tending to litiga- tion, but looking' at the estimate as it stood, without explanation, he considered he was valued too high,and should appeal. Mr. Alderman Thompson wished to know whether, by the resolution, if the meeting agreed to the princi- ple of the valuation, any gentleman who might feel aggrieved in his individual case would be at liberty to anneal ? The Chairman read the resolution, after which Mr. Jones explained that that was the intent of his reso- lution, to which he added the words, as a basis for the foundation of a rate for the relief of the poor." Mr. Hill said, that we had a basis on which the parish was rated before. If this valuation was to be only a basis, he saw little use in having: sent for pro- fessional gentlemen from a great distance to form the valuation. Mr. W. Morgan remarked, that whatever might be the opinion of the meeting as to the valuation, the notice upon which the Meeting was called was such as could not make their resolution legally binding on the parish. Mr. Alderman Thompson fully concurred in the opinion that it was impossible fur this meeting to bind any person who might dissent from its resolu ions, but the object of the meeting was to ascertain how far, in the opinion of the great body of the parishioners, this valuation by Messrs. Baylaon and Fosbrook was just and fair and equitable. He conceived that no advan- tage could result from postponing the meeting and calling another more in accordance with legal forms. He knew of some individuals who objected to the valuation it was therefore vain to expect, in this large and populous parish, unanimity on the subject; but if the leading proprietors of property, and the inhabitants of the parish generally, agreed in the lead- ing principles of-the valuation, then the cases of dissent would be comparatively few, and the appeals, if any there were, upon them would be adjusted easily, and with small ex pence. But hefelt bound in candour testate that the principle was one in which he and the gentle, men in. the iron trade in the parish could not concur. By it a new description of property, (limestone and coal,) was brought forward to be rated. He,iu common with others, considered that that description of pro- perty w as not in law rateable to the poor and he telt, as did the other ironmasters, that they would not do justice to themselves if they did not take steps to set that question at rest, which could only be done by the judges of the Court of Kings Bench. If their de- cision was that this property was liable, the iron- masters would submit to the decision, but he felt bound to say that they thought it incumbent on them to appeal to that tribunal before they admitted the valuation of these two gentlemen. Mr. Jones conceived it not necessary to alter his resolution,as it would still be open to any gentlemen who, on whatever grounds, were determined to ap- peal, so to do. Mr.Alderman Thompson did not deny the principle that all real property was rateable, but the question whether manufacturing property, steam engines, &c. were so, was one which he thought necessary to be legally decided. I:> Mr. Morgan wished nothing to be rated that was not legally rateable, but suggested that, tor the saving of expense a friendly case should be drawn up and submitted'to counsel. Mr .Thompson and Mr.Hill considered that it would be impossible for the parties to agree in statiug a friendly case. Mr. Hill stated that at a meeeting previous to the determination to call in the assistance of the valuers, he had proposed that a legal opinion should be taken as to what was rateable, and that proposition was negatived. Mr. Morgan asked whether the ironmasters would consent to give a list ot the descriptions of property which they considered not rateable. Mr. Hill had prepared a list for that very purpose, Mr. Morgan suggested the expediency ol the parish and the ironmasters proceeding amicably in the case. Mr. Hill was aware there were parties who con- sidered lhat by the old rates the ironmasters were not sufficiently rated. He was apprehensive that these parties would wish to hurry on the adoption of the new valuation, and then to fix it upon them as legally binding. To this the ironmasters would ob- ject. In the mean time, could any gentleman suggest the basis of a provisional rate for the present relief of the poor, while the dispute was pending ? Mr. Guest remarked that there was no means of obtaining the decision of the Court of Kings Bench, but through a trial at law. The present question was as to a temporary valuation on the present basis. Mr. Hill observed there could be no determination of the point at issue but by a decision in the Court of King's Bench. The old relative proportion be- tween different properties was disturbed by this valuation. Land was relieved and coal and lime- stone, which had been represented under another another form, were by this to be rated. He sugges- ted as a present measure, that houses under 6/. rent should be exempted, and that land, at the present valuation, should be taken at one-third, and houses above 6/. at one-fourth. The owners of houses above 6/. value were owners of houses also below that value, ano tnus the householders would really have a bonus. The property in houses below 61 was 13900/ and in houses above that rent llOOOi. The ironworks he would recommend to take at the same proportion as under the old valuation, viz. double. Mr. Jones considered this plan a wide deviation from any lutherto pursued in valuing property in Merthyr. It was almost doubling the rate on houses. It afforded no relief to that property, as the tenants of houses under 61. would never be able to pay. Besides, the land was really a source of profit and yielded produce houses were only a vehicle of it, or rather a repository. You may scrub the walls or floors of a house to eternity, and they will yield you nothing- Mr. Hill would ask Mr. Morgan, as a professional man, whether, it any arrears remained unpaid from one householder, that would not furnish legal ground of appeal to all others ? Mr. Morgan replied in the affirmative. Mr. Guest suggested that the valuation be in sub- stance according to that which was proposed by Messrs. Bayldon & Fosbrook, but that it be made out without using the words "lime or coal," in order to leave the question of right on that point open. He would consent to pay such a rate, but not if, by inserting the words, it established the legal right. Mr. Morgan would not consent to any compromise. He would accept nothing to which he was not legally entitled. He had understood that at a former Meeting in the Church the ironmasters had agreed to one proposition, and had afterwards said they would not agree to it. Mr. Guest said that, if Mr. Morgan was deter- mined to bring the question hostilely into court tkere would be no end to the expense. Mr. AldermanThompson saw no use in staving off the legal question in the case. There had long been disputes in the parish on this question, and there always would be till it was set at rest by legal authority. Besides, a temporary measure of accom- modation was proposed, but what redress did that measure afford to the ironmasters, who conceived themselves overrated ? Mr. Guest was averse to legal measures, and the expense attending them. Mr. Adney thought the Meeting would concur in the view taken by the Chairman. Mr. Morgan said he had heard that it wus consi- dered by many that the ironmasters did not con- tribute their fair quota to the relief of the poor. Mr. Hill said that by this valuation the iron- masters would not pay ll. more, in proportion, of the parish burdens than they did before. He strongly repelled the imputation that the ironmasters desired not to pay their full proportion. He might call upon Mr. Moro-an to name the authority on which he made the assertion which otherwise might pass as mere gratuitous assumption. Mr. Guest said also that the ironmasters had no such desire. After some further conversation, a motion by Mr. H. Jones, seconded by Mr. James, that the valuation by Messrs. Bayldon and Fosbrook be given and taken as a valuation for a rate for the relief of the poor, was put and carried. Mr. Hill remarked that by this all houses under 61. value would be rated. Mr. Jones-Then we shall want at least six new collectors. Mr. Hill-If these rates be not collected, there will be no end to the appeals from other rate payers. Mr. Jenkins moved a resolution that land be rated at two-thirds and houses, buildings, coal-mines and other property at one-halt Mr. Jones moved an amendment that land be rated at one-third and houses at one-fifth. After a short discussion the resolution of Mr. Jenkins was carried by 24 votes to 13. By this resolution, tene- ments under 6'. value are rateable. Mr. Morgan called attention to a notice, adver- tised in the Guardian, of application for a bill in ;> the next Session of Parliament to rate small tene- ments. He wished to know whether it was at the request of the Parish generally that this notice had been signed by the parish officers. Mr. Guest replied, that at a Meeting at which he was present, it was voted, that the bill should be ap- plied for. The Ironmasters had consulted upon the subject; and he had requested that notice to he in- serted, as it would otherwise be too late. It was legally requisite that it should be inserted three times in the month of November. Mr. Morgan contended that the notice was not legal, as it did not emanate from a vestl. Meeting. The parish officers had acted improperly in putting their names to such a notice at the request of any individual however respectable. He considered the parish was not safe in the hands of such officers. Mr. Hill read, from the minutes of the Vestry pro- ceedings, a resolution, adopted in April last, that the parish should apply for such a bill in the next session. Mr, Jones—The parish, but not any private gentle- man. Mr. Guest, Mr. Hill, and Mr Alderman Thompson vindicated the parish officers. The hot). Alderman contended that the officers would have been to blaule if they had suffered, by neglect, the resolution stand- ing- in the parish books not to be acted upon, through omission of the notice. Besides, the notice did not bind them to proceed to Parliament; it only enabled them to do so, if, between this time and February, they should deem it expedient. The parish might now, if they pleased, repeai their vote on the subject but he contended the parish officers were entitled to thanks for their conduct on the occasion. Mr Guest said that if the bill should pass he would rather pay the poor rates for his labourers than that it should fall upon them. Mr. Jones said that if he were in the same position he would do the same. His cottages had not paid him four per cent. for his money those of the iron- masters he believed paid eight or ten and they had the means of securiug their rent out of the wages of the labourers. Mr. Morgan said Mr. Jones was more fortunate than him he could not get two per cent. on his cottages. Mr. Guest denied that the cottages of the company were let at high rents. Labourers from all quarters were anxious to get the company's cottages, because they got them for half the rent of other cottages. Mr. Hill asked why Mr. Morgan did not convene a Public meeting to rescind the resolution passed in April ? Mr. Morgan said that those who were most inte- rested in the business were those who looked most closely into it. (Laughter.) The" Meeting was about to disperse whenMr.Adney, Churchwarden, pressed on their attention the ne- cessity of making an effective rate for the relief of the poor. Air. Guest and Mr. Hill recommended him to make a rate according to the valuation agreed to in the resolution, and in no instance to deviate from it. Mr. Adney stated that the gentlemen employed in the valuation had applied for their payments; how was it to be raised? Mr. Guest-Bv a similar rate. I. Mr. Adney—The collector cannot possibly collect it upon all the small tenements. Mr. Hill-Then we must have three, four, or a dozen collectors, if necessary. Mr. Joues said, that there were some manifest errors in the valuation. Of four adjoining houses, for instance, belonging to him, each exactly on the same scale and plan, three were valued at ES each and the 4th at X18. This was doubtless an error of the pen in copying was there no discretion to the Parish officers to rectify similar errors ? Mr. Guest and Mr. Hill expressed their opinion that there was no safe course to the parish officers but to adhere strictly to the valuation. Thanks were voted to the Chairman, and the Meet- ing- broke up. THE IRON TRADE. We trust we have another substantial symptom of the prosperity of the Iron Trade in the preparations now making for blowing in the Gadlys Works, Aberdare, which have been land- ing still since the bad times. This work being out of blast was the surest criterion that Iron could not be sold at a remulleraling price, for here no rents are paid, the two partners are the owners of the minerals, and one of them (Mr. Wayne) has been engaged all his life in the superintendance of blast furnaces. In addition to which, these gentlemen had expended a very large sum of money in the ercciion of the works which, as well as their minerals, were lying idle. For the sake, therefore, of the couutry at large, as well as for their own, they have our best wishes for their success. CAMBRIAN, GLOUCESTER, AND BIRMINGHAM RAILWAY.—A requisition has been addressed to the High Bailiff of Kidderminster, requesting him to convene a meeting to take into consideration this improvement. His Worship has convened a meet- ing for that purpose to take place yesterday. DREADFUL ACCIDENT.—On Saturday last, as John Morgan, a miner at Penydarran, was employed in bis level, and was in the act of stooping, a large mass of stone, about a ton and a half in weight, f'ell upon him, and the unfortunate man was crushed to death. He has left a wife and two children. MERTHYR POLICE. Before J. B. BHUCE and YV. THOMAS, Esqrs. Nov. 19. Joseph Clement was fined 5s. for an assault, and 2s. 0d. for a trespass on the premises of Sarah I homns. The same man was fined Is. for being drunk. Elizabeth Williams was committed to take her trial at the Cardiff Quarter Sessions, for Iteatill" a pair 0f pattens from the premises of Samuel Davis a gown and apron from Mary Lloyd; and a petticoat from the premises of David Jones. Benjamin Phillips, haulier, Dowlais, committed for three months, for leaving his wife and child chargeable to the parish of Merthyr. Nov. 20. David Adams, of Pwllywiaid, Merthyr, was fined 10s. and costs, for breaking the window aud tres- passing on the hayloft of Lewis Thomas, of the same place. Edward Jones, mason, Penydarran, and Wm. Jones, his son, were filled 10s. each for an assault upon John Davies, carpenter.
MONMOUTHSHIRE Arnvals at Tredegar, the seat of Sir Charles Morgan, Bart. :Sir William Burdett, Lady Duncan, Lord and Lady Rodney, Col. and Lady Lascelles, and the three Miss Lascelles, and Col. and Mrs. Alitinari and family. A LIBERAL EXAMPLE.— Charles Morgan, Esq. of Ruperra Castle, has again this year, agreeably j to his annual custom, liberally contributed to the comfort of his agricultural workmen, thirty-five in number, by portioning' to every married man half an acre, and to single men a quarter of an acre of land, for planting potatoes, a'iowing two days to set and two days to raise them. On Thursday week last, Sir Charles Morgan gave his annual dinner to some forty respectable farmers, his tenants or neighbours, at Nanty Cottage, on the road from Merthyr to Brecon. His game- keeper presided at the well furnished board, and the day was spent with all that happiness and hilarity which the worthy and hospitable entertainer could have desired as his best reward and gratifica- tion.
MOS.mouth FAIR. Nov. 22.—This is by far the largest and most im- portant fair held here during the year. Upon the present occasion, however, there was not such an abundant supply of live stock as usual. A great many buyers attended, and were much disposed to purchase; but they complained of a lack of good steers and oxen, which is no doubt to be attributed to the depressed state of the farmer. Very few beasts were driven away unsold—notwithstanding which many dealers, who would have bought but for the reason before alluded to, returned home with their money in their pockets. Pigs very low, tat ones. 6 and 6 6 per score. Lean ones unsaleable. Good cart horses much in demand, particularly for the use of the Ironmasters upon the hills who com- plained of the want of good ones of that description suited their purpose. BEDWELLTY POL'CE. Richard a lodger in the house of John Phi', lips, of the parish of lvisca, shopkeeper, was on the 13th of November charged before Samuel Homfray ;nid Edmund Williams, Esquires, with having, on the lIig-hr of the 12th instant, forced open the shop door, and stole therefrom \arious articles of shop goods. Phillips got up about six o'clock in the morning of the 12th, and happening to be hui gry, he went into the pantrv, when he discovered that he had been deprived of the means of satisfying his hunger, and that three loaves of bread, and a cheese had dis- appeared. He then went towards the shop, and found that the door had been forced open, aud that his B ock had, by .unfair means, during the lught be: considerably reduced. He immediately suspected the prisoner aud another person who had been the prisoner's companion the previous night havingascertained that they had gone up the Sirhowy tram-road towards Tredegar iron works, he pursued and apprehended them near the Blackwood, iu the parish of Bedwellty. The prisoner Masy had Phillips's hat on at the time he was taken he was immediately conveyed bofore the justices, and committed to take his tria 1 at the next Quarter Sessions, at Usk. The other person escaped through the gross negligence of a constable. 0.1 the 18th instant a young man of very re. spectable appearance, who represented himself to be 21 years of age, was brought before James Thomas, Esq. of Mount St. Alban's, in custody of the Caer- went constable, and charged by William Reese, churchwarden, of the parish of Langstoue. in this county, with having on Thursday the. 14th inst. stolen from his house a silver cup or chalice belonging to the parish of Langstoue, and which was in Reese's custody as Churchwarden. Reese is also a publican, and keeps tile New Inn, and it appeared in evidence that the silver cup was kept in a box which was locked in the bedroom where the prisoner slept, on the night of YVeduesday the 13th. He eame there about nine o'clock at night, and having supped re- t red to bed, having first requestej the landlord to i call him at seven o'clock the next morning. At an early hour on Thursday, h e took his departure, and Iieese's daughter having occasion to take some «: her wearing apparel out of her box, she missed the cup, and immediately gave the alarm, and in con- sequence thereof the prisoner was pursued and over- taken at a beer shop called YVilliam the tourth, in the village of Caerwent. The cup was not found upon his person, but it had been dropped on the ground at the place where he sat when his pursuers entered the house. He then made another stan, but was apprehended after having cleared in good style a six- foot wall- Reese stated that he had known the cup during forty years past, and his daughter proved that she had seen it and locked it up iu her box the night on which the prisoner had slept in the bed-room. He could not be prevailed upon to make his name known, but it appeared, from documents found in his possession, that hehadassu med various names, and he was committed to take his trial at the next Quarter Sessions at Usk, by the name of Frederick Collins, otherwise Frederick R. Collins, otherwise Frederick Brown, otherwise J. U. Colltus. The prisoner was also charged with having in his possession a large quantity of base and counterfeit money. In support of this charge it was proved that on 7th inst. he came to the King's Head Inn, at Newport, where he remained until the 14th, during which tune he contracted a debt of three or four pounds, and not having the means of discharging it, and suspicion being attached to him, he very suddenly took his departure, leaviug behind him in the custody of Mr. Church, the landlord of the Inn, a greatcoat and carpet bag. Upon being searched sOOIl after his apprehension, there were found on his person five half crown pieces of counterfeit coin. It was also proved, that on Saturday the 9th instant he had uttered at the shop of Mr. Henry Williams, of Newport, Ironmonger, a five shilling piece of counterfeit coin. He was com- mitted upon the second charge to take his trial at the next Quarter Sessions, at Usk. From the very great anxiety which appeared to be felt by the prisoner to prevent his name being- dis- covered, and other material circumstances connected with the investigatiou respecting him, which cannot yet be made known, it is strongly suspected that his family connections are highly respectable. However there is great reason to fear that he has during some time past pursued the same dishonest career, for it appears from documents found in his possession, that he had been not loug since confined in Shepton Mallet gaol, charged with an offence for which he was after- wards tried and convicted at Taunton and upon that occasion he happened to be defended by a gentleman at the bar, who while he stood upon his trial recog- nized him, aud immediately tendered his own evidence in his favour. This circumstance occasioned a strong- argument between the counsel for the prosecution and the counsel for the prisoner, the former disputing tbe right of the latter to be at the same time counsel and witness on behalf of thc prisoner, but it was deter- mined by the Court that the prisoner's counsel had a right to appear in both capacities, and he gave his evi. dence accordingly. It is hoped this statement will not escape the friends of the unfortunate young man, and that they may yet have an opportunity of leading him into the path of rectitude.
!k. < BRECONSHlUjE. BR;:CO>T FA I II. Brecon fair for ti-iide and the annual hiring of ser- vants took place on Monday and Tuesday last. There was a fair shew of cattle, (hough.flot so good as we have known in some other years. Fat cattie and fresh stores sold well; those in low coudition but iudiffer- ently- Of horses the supply was very indifferent, which, with much regret we heard ficeounted for from the generally depressed state of the farming interesr. Those who in tormer years would have bred good horses, have found latterly their means of doing- so deplorably circumscribed; whily the general pi ices, for which animals of a superior breed have of late years been sold, were not remuitet-atilig for the expense and risk incurred in breeding them. This is one out of a thousand striking proofs of the fatal effects produced by the policy of bearing hard upon the farmers. \Ve have the more reason to regret the want of good draught horses at the present juacture, because, owing to the great stimulus in the iron trade, a more than usual demand exists for this descrip- tion of animal, among the master miners of Mer- thyr and the surrounding disirict; the increased use of steam having not yet so fully extinguished the demaud for horses as had been anticipated. The few good ones that were at the fair s,lld well. Of pigs there was an immense number and in good condition a great many store pigs were sold but at reduced priccs. Pigs. for which 153. had been refused in .i,.iy, were sold fol 24i. In cheese a good d.,itl of b isiness was done; skim cheese fetching from 36s. to r cvpJ There was also a large quantny of hops sold but at a reduction of 30i. per cwt. to what they fetched a mOIJth ago Butter sold a: an average of Sid. per lb. We observed in the fair a large assemblage of smart active country damsels, and stout respectable looking swains, at the annual hiring of servants. We understand that few if any of them went away disappointed and we wish them all the happiness that that we have no doubt their ilidustry and good conduct justly entitle them to. YVe were much gratified at observing- specimens of Brecon manufacture in flannel and cotton checks, which we believe arc not so extensively known as, for the advantage of the pnblic, they ought to be. The mixt stulTs of cotton and woollen were substantial, durable articles, well worthy the attention of our read. ers, even without the accessory recommendation of their being a production of the Principality. The cotton checks were all excellent article, of better colour and far more durable than those made at Manchester. YVe heard accidentally that Mr. Morgan of Ruperra, with his habitual de-ire to promote the trade ot the town, has purchased a snpplv of the cotton check tor his own personal use, atiu wiih the hope ot making the use of it general. YVe are convinced that the patriotic feeling and national attachment ot our readers^will induce them to follow' this excellent ex- ample, and we can confidently recommend the native manufacture as deserving their liberal support. The farmers'dinner was better attended than it has been for several year", and upwards of fifty gentle- men and farmers sat down to table, and passed the evening with great glee and conviviality. Tn the Military Gazette" of the 15th instant, "e observe the appointment of Mr. Edwatd Lynch Blosse, s.on of the late hosj iiabie and iiiud-hearted Baronet, Sir Robert L. Blosse, ot'Gibalva, Glamor- ganshire, to an Eusigney in the llth Regiment ot Foot, the Reserve of wirch is now stationed at Brecon Bv some unaccountable oversight the following letter, received at the date specified, was mislaid. In justice to ourselves, and in due compliment to our zealous friends we now insert it. Senior United Service dub. Brecon, Sept. 26th, l?o3. Mr. Editor, -I have much pleasure in acquainting you that your ably conducted and excellent paper has been substituted in our Club Room, tice the Cumbrian. I am, your irlend. To the Editor of and well-wisher, the Gazette Guardian. MILES.
MILFORD. — The brig Wellington, Nathaniel Mitchell, Master, from Cardiff, bound to Sunderland, laden with iron, iias been driven in hpre leaky, and is now being discharged iu ordp" that abe may re- ceive the necessary repaice-,
THE IIIAII(IA Jo.l'i I a TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE AND GUARDIAN. SiR, -There is much uncertainty as to the author of this very elegant composition, which has been severally attributed to Bishop Atterbury, to Robert Freind, D.D. head Master of Westminster School, and to his brother, John Freind, M.D. The following authorities incline to the learned Physician who wa-i known to be a friend of Sir Thomas Manself. Dr. Wigan, in his "Prcrfatio ad opera medica J. Freind," says, he was a perfect iiiastet- in the Greek language, and had acquired a great facihiy of writing elegant Latin in verse."—In the anecdotes of Bowyer," it is said There is a monument erected to him in Westminster Abbey, with an inscription suitable to his memory, He hud hiinself rendered the like kind office to more than one of Iv'.t friends, being peculiarly Itappy in this kind of composition the inscription on the monument of Sprat, Bishop of Rochester, was from his pen. That on Philips, which had been ascribed to him, is since ascertained to be by Atterbury I am, Sir, Your obedient servant, VICIM'S.
^jTrTlt: EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE l)' G ETA RD IA N. 4' Neath, Nov. 13ih, 1833. SIR,-The surveyor of the highways where I re- side, is now calling on the surveyors of ihe bye-roads of the different parishes in the district, for what he calls s'atute labour money. I find he has no criterion or scale to collect by, but merely makes the best bargain he can, promising to some of the private surveyors if they will pay this year, he will excuse them the next, and with others he is quarrelling. The legislature has no doubt provided a rule for as. sessing the different parishes, (however distant they may be situated from the turnpike-road) and which some of your readers 1 hope will be kind eiiough to explain through the medium of the Guardian. I am, Sir, &c. AN AGRICULTURIST. [We incline to think that the surveyor of the highways has not the right to demand statute labour composition money without an order signed by more than one Justice of Peace upon an exposition of the facts of the case that is to say, upon the proof that a money composition is preferable to the exaction of labour in kind. The surveyor ot himself we should conceive can compel no such composition, although it is not impossible that he may be au- thorised to enter into amicable arrangements with surveyors of parishes as to a money rate and its amount, legally binding, however, only after due sanction by the Magistrates. We must be understood, however, to speak under correction; perhaps some of our legal pro- fessional friends will resolve the knotty point for our correspondent.—ED. G. and G.]
CARMARTHEN FAIR.—-At our Fair yesterday, 'here was a fair shew of Cattle, but we do not remein- bet- seeing so few Horses, which were of an inferior sort; however, we are happy to stae that for the tonner there was a bri -k sale, at increased prices, the demand for the latter was very inconsiderable, but those disposed of realized an advanced price.- To-day the Pijr f)i|- is held, and we are informed fioai a gen- tle iKtu fanner, who has been.in the habit of attending f.tirs, that he never saw so huge a show of pig-s of so superior a description in any fair in this CUIIIJlyas was exhibited to-day. 'I he.v had an average sale, at about 3d. per lb.—Carmarthen Journal,
POET KIT- L See the leaves around us falling Dry anil wither'd to the ground Tlius to ihuughtless mortals calling In a sad and solemn sound:- II. S >ns of Adam (once in Eden, Where, like us, he blighted fell,) Hear the lesson we are readine > Murk the awiul trinh we tell: III. l'o',Itll, Oil lel)gth of days presuming, Wiio ttie paths ot' pleasure tread, View us, late in beauty blooming, Ntilliber'd iiol,l aiiioiig the dead, IV. Y\ hat though yet no losses grieve yon, C»ay with health aud many a grace Let not elouoifss skies ueceive ) ou Summer gives to Autumn p ace. V. Yearly in our course returning, Messengers ot shortest stay, Ihus ne pre.ich this truth concerning, Heaven aud earth shall pass a\va_\ VI. On the tree of life eternal, O let all our hopes t>e laid This aione,for ever vernal, Bears a leai that shall not fade. BISHOP HoRvz. SERENITY. Reflected on the lake I love To see the siat-i of evening glow; So tranquil in the heavens above, So restless iu the wave below. Thus heavenly hope is all serene, Bat earthly hope, huw bright Still fluctuates o'er tnt&.changing scene, As false and fleeting as 'us fair. HLBER, AN IvVGLYN III praisc of she ancient British language. Ja;tll her, Jditn tiuiner, Jaitli gvmaien—Jaitn lwys- Jaith lesou'w pherehen, Jaith liwys, a Jaith lawen, Jaith a saif er eulia sen— RHYS MORGAN, Pencraiyiedd. A contemporary of nlii Edward Evan, liard, ut Toncoch iu the parish of Aberdare. To Jfrs. Houyhtonof Homy;,nt, upon praising her husband tu.Dr. Swift. Yon alvays are making a Coci of your spouse, bat this ueither leuson nor conscience alioWo Perhaps you will say 'tis in gratitude due, I A ii(i you adore han, because he adores you; Your argument's weak, and so you WIll tind, For you by this rule, must aoore all mankind. u,
WELCH I MPhOVISATU R E. e TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE AND GUARDIAN. SIR -The three following extempore Englyns on Death maybe acceptable to those who admire genius and are fond of Auld lang syne." In the year 1737, David Nicholas of Aberpergwm. Edward Evan, (Jorwerth ab Joan,) and Lewis Hop- kin of Hendre Evan Goeh, hsld a local bardic meet- ing at Cymtnar in Ystradyfodwg. The curate of the parish (well known in those days as Offeiriad coch,"} unexpectedly proposed to them to make an Englyn each upon Death. David Nicholas desired Edward Evan to begin, which he did immediately. Ni ttirv, Aiigau, t)rau oer bryd-. uci,,iiiu jr doethion iawn o»lvd Cawr luddew yn cyrnaoddyd Yr atiach njewli bach o'r byd EDWARD EV.A.V. Cawr gerwin Br; nhin y briwiau—erchyll Cawr arciioti yvt'r angau C.twr gollwn;; ir cyfwng cau, Cis geudod y cysgodau, 1) A V t D NlCH (I.AS. Paham, Angau, brau oer bryci e Daer iiynt r a'r ar leuen'tyd Ui.m a phawo o'rdiwcdd, Lhau ar byd lit arbeud. LEWIS ITR>P;; I Your obedient servant, MiiMOR.