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MERTHYR 7YDVIL, SATURDAY,…

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SPAI.-The accounts continue to be so contra- dictory, that it is scarcely possible to extract any thing more than the melancholy and indis- putable fact that the country is a prey to the most deplorable confusion, and all the horrors of civil war. The cause of Don Carlos, we lament to say, appears to be gaining ground for besides the defeat of the Royal forces under Generals Castanon and El Pastor at Aspeytia, the Carlists have taken possession of Ir»»> the frontier town of the Western Pyrennees and the Bidassoa, and have thus materially impeded the communications between France and Spain. These signal suc- cesses are not counterbalanced in importance by the defeat of the Carlists at Logrono in Aragon by Camp Marshal Lorenzo, as recorded in our last number. Of the movements of Don Carlos himself, nothing appears even yet to be clearly known. He does not seem to have quitted Por- tugal, and it is singular enough that up to this hour he has not asserted his pretensions to the throne of Spain by any authentic act or procla- mation. His partisans are fighting his cause without apparent concert with, or instructions from him. The only indication of his intentions he has yet given, and that known only in the highest quarters, was contained in his answer to the Spanish ambassador in Portugal. As we have the anecdote from a private friend whose high connections and sources of information are known to us, we will give it in his own words:— "When Cordoba, the Ambassador, went to an- nounce to him the death of his brother, King Ferdinand, and to communicate toliim the desires of the Queen Regent, Don Carlos answered I Yo soy el Rey Yo no tengo de re ibir ordenes de iiadie.l am the King; I cannot receive orders from any one. We view the struggle in Spain with the deepest interest; for the real question is, shall the reign of monkery for ever retain that noble country in a state of barbarism ? There are nearly one hundred thousand monks in that unhappy land, more depraved and ignorant than even the Roman parochial priesthood of Ireland. The secular clergy and the higher orders of the Spanish hier- archy are generally men of good lives, pious, and to a great extent enlightened. They wish for such a purification of their Church as would free it from the gross superstitions and ribaldry which the Monks have introduced into it. The secular are in a great degree to the monastic clergy what the Roman Catholic Church of England is to that of Ireland. However we may differ upon points of religious belief from our English Catholic brethren, we shall always be proud to bear our humble testimony to their undoubted respectability of station and conduct as a body to their anxiety to diffuse the blessings of educa- tion among the poor; to the moderation of their deportment as good subjects of the state; to their constant and careful avoidance of mixing them- selves up with the Irish agitators, for which they have always been honoured with the suspicions, the abuse, and the hatred of the O'CONNELL crew. FRANCE.—We have nothing of much interest this week from this country, 11 The combinations of the operative classes continue to excite uneasi- ness. The question of intervention in Spain is said to be decided in the Cabinet in favour of the opinion of Marshal Soult, who supports it. M. Humann, the Finance Minister, was against it, and is thought, according to our own private information, to have been intriguing in order to get Soult out of the Ministry, and his own son- in-law, General Guilleminot, in. By accounts from the Pyrennees, it appears that Gen. Harispe, commanding the army of iatervention, was con- centrating his forces. We, although viewing the cause of the Queen with favour, maintain that France should be dis- tinctly debarred from interference, and the Spanish nation left freely to decide between the infant Queen Isabella and Don Carlos. In med- dling with the Crown of Spain, Louis Philippe may chance to lose his own. PORTUGAL—By dispatches from Admiral Na- pier, who conquered for Don Pedro, we learn that at a battle near St. Ubes the army of Pedro had been defeated by the troops of Don Miguel, with the loss of 800 men. According to the brave Admiral's account the Pedroites displayed the greatest cowardice, many passed over to the Miguelites, crying Viva Don Miguel," and the rest ran away after firing their muskets in the air. Tha English and Portuguese marine brigade under Captain Birt were the only troops that disputed the battle with the Aligiielites. From this action Lord Palmerston may learn how soon the contest in Portugal is likely to be ended, and how much he has achieved by his addle-headed intervention. BELGIUM.—Baron d'Arneim the Prussian, and M. de Dietrichstein the Austrian, Envoys had arrived in Brussels. The negotiations with Hol- land were progressing satisfactorily. We stated in our last that the London GVA DIAN had copied the whole of our report of public meeting on the subject of the MuniC'P Corporation Bill, without acknowledging | source frem which it was derived. We bound, in justice to that respectable Journal? bound, in justice to that respectable Jotlrnat, to quote from it the following article :— j The account of the proceedings at Merthyr vil, relative to the Municipal Corporation Bill, j we yesterday gave from that excellent Journal J Merthyr Guardian, is one of so great importai both as regards the subject itself and the manner io j which it was handled, as to justify our recurre" j to it. We must again express our anxious hope, tbat-tbd I itea example given by the intelligent and public-spi' inhabitants of Merthyr—a town, by the way, J is rising into importance with a r»p>&i<y unexaWP.^ by any other in the empire—will be at once £ and promptly followed by the other burghs with the calamity of the Corporation Bill. Should^ hopes be realised, and the same spirit and unaD^1 be exhibited in them as in Merthyr, there cannot & moment's doubt, that the injurious measure wi" unceremoniously rejected by Parliament."

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