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MERTHYR 7 YDVILi, SATURDAY,…

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MERTHYR 7 YDVILi, SATURDAY, Nov. 16, 1833. TO THE PUBLIC—OUR FRIENDS AND READERS. On this day last year the GLAMORGAN, MON- MOUTH, AND BRECON GAZETTE, AND MERTHYR GUARDIAN first saw the light in the town of Merthyr. This therefore is our birth day, and we are called upon not only to rejoice our- selves but to invite our friends to participate in our gladness. But whilst we hail with all the exultation of aspiring hopes-with all the confi- dence of sanguine and undoubting youth—the genial sun which dawns upon the second year of our existence, let us not be unmindful of our ob- ligations to the sun which has just set so gloriously upon that in which we first struggled into life- let us not be challenged with benefits forgot and friends unremenibered. Brief as our career has been we find ourselves with a lengthy arrear of gratitude for favours past to settle with the priblic, which it is more-easy to acknowledge than to dis- charge—which in truth we possess no other means of liquidating, than by the promise which it will be our endeavour religiously to keep, of increased exertions to render the GAZETTE AND GUARDIAN more and more a source of gratification and profit to all who honour it with their support. That support has been, we avow it with feelings of pride and humility minted, constant and un- varying. The progress of our Journal in cir- culation has been gradual but not slow, rapid but not unsure, unexampled even though un- merited. There is no idle jactance in these assertions we are stating a plain matter of fact, in terms comprehensible to any capacity. Our career has been almost as that of the ava- lanche, which gathers as it rolls down the side ofst Gotliard, and whose speed is accelerated as it accumulates in bulk. The fable of Sisy- phus has in our case been reversed, for we have mounted in our Upward progress with an un- faltering pace-with lighter hearts and more elastic bound from each onward successive step. The history of the newspaper press in the whole empire-and e know sometliing of it-does not furnish one instance of a journal, which, during a sii»ilar space of time, has made an equal advance or can ^Oast of being so extensively diffused- We say this with feelings of pride not unpardonable or unnatural, although they are sobered down by the consciousness that the kindness of our friends has so greatly overtopped our humble deserts. We are moreover bound to proclaim that the GAZETTE and GUARDIAN is the paper of the three counties, not because we have so entitled it, but that the inhabitants of Glamor- gan, Monmouth, and Brecon, our readers and supporters, have so willed it. But if our ability to deserve have not been commensurate with the favour shown to us, we may still honestly plead that on Otr outset we raised no anticipations which have proved to be ill founded, nor made promises which we can fairly be challenged to have broken. The zeal, if not the talent, with which we have advocated the cause of the agricultural and mining interests of South Wales will not be doubted by those who have honoured as wtth their attention. We have been the poor man's friend, and have watched the divers phases of his social condition with an unremitting desire and encouragement of ameliorations of every kind; for we are no admirers of low prices and starvation wages, seeing they can end only in ruin to the master and lingering misery to the workman. Whilst we have carefully examined and conscientiously admitted the propriety otreform, where the necessity was urgent and the utility evi. dent, we have taken a determined stand against all wanton innovations on the institutions of the coun- try, sacred in our eyes because of the wisdom which founded them, and the laws by which they are established. Nothing is, we know, easier now a-days to any charlatan than to manufacture a Constitution; such blockheads even as Lord DURHAM conceive themselves sufficiently accom- plished for workmanship of so paltry importance- such idiots as GILLON and FA-ITHFULfancy they have a peculiar mission for it. Even Lord BROUGHAM, who knows, like the Scotch in general, somewhat of everything and not a great deal of any thing— who understands all other kind of business better than his owlo,-eved he finds it infinitely easier to make laws than to expound them, he loves rather to busy himselfin multiplying new Courts of Jus- tice than to administer justice himself in the old, and delights more to i nditeCharters which nobodywants orcares about,than todeal out equity to thestarving suitor in his own Chancery. It is the curse of our age that habitual law-breakers should assume, as such, to be the fittest of lawgivers aprocess of philosophy and liberalism by which in dtie course j of time the thief will deem himself qualified to enact that housebreaking shaH be tolerated, on the Robin Hood principle that those may take who have the power," and the murderer that killing and slaying is at the worst no more than Justifiable homicide. Against these and such as these unhallowed and disorganizing prin- ciples and Statesmen we have fought the fight- how successfully there are some among our contemporary opponents who best can tell, for we do not profess to be among those vague de- claimers who take their principles upon credit, and cannot therefore vindicate because they do Hot understand them. That our labours have been instructive we can only hope-that they have sometimes been profit- able, it is pleasing to know. As one instance we may, without presumption, mention the Eistedd- fod, now preparing to be held in the ensuing year, on so magnificent a scale, at Cardiff. Conjointly with that meritorious gentleman, Mr. JOHN PARRY of London, Bardd Alaw, we. had the honour to propose, to encourage, to accomplish the entertainment of the proposition for holding the National Festival in Glamorgan and we supported the claims of Cariliff as the most fitting point for holding the gay and splendid Meeting over those of Swansea, or other places, upon the same grounds on which, upon national questions, we have resisted innovations tending to no practical benefit, whilst they serve to foster a restless spirit of agitation and change. Cardiff is the Metropolitan Town of the County Gla- morgan, and why, as such, should it'be shorn of the honours and privileges fairly appertaining to its station? Such has been our course; that it has found favour with our readers we have the most sub- stantial reasons for being satisfied of, as well as the strongest inducements to perseverance fjr the future. The splendid and unparalleled success of the GAZETTE and GUARDIAN, since its esta- blishment, imposes upon us the grateful task of making our warmest acknowledgments to the Public at large who have adopted it; and it wonld be affectation in us to deny that we be- lieve it, with all its imperfections, what it is generally acknowledged to be, in all respects the leading Journal of the Counties Glamor- gan, Monmouth and Brecon. Our duty, no less than our inclination, will prompt us to make it more worthy every day of the constantly in- creasing patronage and circulation it is honoured with. When his Majesty's Whig Ministers first en- gaged upon the cares of state, it was no difficult matter for a man of plain sense to foresee with tolerable clearness what has followed. The whole tenor of the policy of these men has heen that of sacrificing to the "voice of the people, or at least of what they were pleased to call the people, (which is a very different matter) every thing that they found constructed and established when they came into place. In Ireland, from a very early date, the British Monarchy effected a conquest, and annexed the country. They did this, because they knew that the two countries united might flourish in prosperity and honour but that, disunited, Ireland would frequently be in alliance with foreign powers in hostility to England, and that thus, at the same time she would be a piercing thorn in our side, and would be constantly miserable to herself. That the union of the two countries might be effective, and that Ireland might share in the civil advantages 11 of the English Constitution, which are indissolu- bly connected with a certain independence of mind it was necessary to wean her natives from the mental thraldom of the Romish Church, under which, as at present administered in Ireland, no freedom of political constitution, no satisfactory conviction in conscience, no rational enquiry of mind, can have breathing. The best means for refuting the Roman superstition was to establish a Hierarchy of Protestantism in its full plenitude of excellence, with competent endow- ments to attract men of learning and capacity to wean the natives from the cloud under which they lay. There was in Ireland, in what country is there not, a class of men (they were there mostly of the old septs of Milesians) who thought it well, especially as only a vice-regal authority was on the spot, to agitate the untaught people into constant plots for their sole elevation. These men wrought principally, with the benevolent help of the Catholic priesthood, upon the super- stition of the people, upon the bondage under which spiritually they were to the Pope of Rome, and on their hatred of the Reformed Saxons. To put down these agitators, and to convey as far as possible Protestant instruction, had been, till the days of Whiggism, the system and labour of every English Ministry from the time of Cecil; while the Irish Protestant Clergy, rich in learn- ing, unwearied iii labotirs, undaunted in perils, and munificent in charity, most ably seconded their exertions. But agitation, like everything else except loyalty, has marched in mind" in modern times; and the Agitator of to-day is a lawyer, with all the cunning of his craft, and something else besides, and has dexterously evaded the penalties of his enormous guilt. This man ha& found how, without expiating his sins as he ought to do, to form a small proportion of his countrymen into organised bands. That man is fool, who cannot with one organised band coerce twenty times as great a number of peaceful citizens; and thus immense masses of men, of whom 19 in 20 detest the cause which they dare not refuse to aid, are working at his beck. One capital ruse of action was to incite the people against that British alliance, which was their safe- guard in war, and was necessary to their wealth in peace. This, among men ground down in body I y by the famishing process of absenteeism, and chained down in mind by the prescription of their priests, was no difficult task. Another artifice was, to excite the people against their Protestant Clergy. This, by the help of venal orators, and a still more venal press, but, more than all, by the pious charities of a few Romish priests, was so completely done, that at this day the opinion commonly held of these excellent and exemplary men is as remote fromlruth as light from dark- ness. Under this dark cloud of infatuation and error, under this blind judgment in total igno rance of truth, the voice of the People" (?) rung like thunder in the ears of the apostate Whig cabinet, demanding the sacrifice of the Irish Clergy- Who does not know that when the Clergy of any church are swept away, the children of that church must languish, the doc- trines of it lie in abeyance and concealment, from "i: the absolute want of active spiritual officers ? And yet to this voice of the people, this factious blustering of many voices raised by a few Mile- 11 sians for a few Milesians, have the Whig cabinet laid prostrate the Irish clergy at the feet of their enemies. On the vital stab thus inflicted on British in- terests no thinking mind can reflect but with a dismay, the very extremity of which must even rouse us into action. Not merely the arch- priest of (he Dublin Pandemonium, but the Protestants of all Ireland are, by their disgust and indignation, inclining, daily more and more, t, to a separation. Not only this, but the vigour thus transferred to the Popish party, and to the infidels and enemies of all Christianity, already brandishes the uplifted axe to fall upon the Protestant Established Church of England. Thus, a portion of the Empire desired upon the clearest grounds of national preservation, annexed witli wisdom, conquered with the blood of heroes, guarded, governed, civilized through succeeding centuries by the labours of patriots and the cares of sages, is sacrificed in one moment by the place hunting nepotism of a time serving popular Mi- nistry. Thus is sacrificed to the blind fury of popular clamour that beautiful and holy Esta- blished Church, which, from its foundation has been found unrivalled in the soundness of her doctrines and the purity of her practice; un- rivalled in the learning with which she has main- tained, in the efficacy with N-. liicii she has diffused, the tenets of Christian truth; tolerant in the zenith of her power; and the defender, to whose protection against the tyrant James, we owe it that we are born under a free political Constitu- tion. This is one flower that has blossomed from the stem of a Government that courts POPULARITY.

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