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The Established Church of Scotland is now ex- periencing the same sort ofresistanceto its legal dues, ag the Church in England and in Ireland has for some time done^and for which so many thanks are owing to the present "liberal and enlightened" Ministers, who have taught the people to regard such dues, whether in tithes, or any other form, as most 4 unjust and oppressive," however sanctioned by the law of the land, or compatible with the rights of property. In Edinburgh a certain provision for the clergy] called the annuity tax, is resisted with great pertina-' city, and to a considerable extent. A respectable citizen, Mr. Tait, bookseller, was on Saturday last committed to the Calton jail for tefusing to pay the tax, where he remained until Tuesday evening, wijen he was conveyed fcy the populace in triumph to his residence, "as a mark of their high opinion of his spirited and independent conductCarlisle Patriot. -The .Marquess of Anglesea derives a large re- vebue-( we have heard the amount estimated at 1.5 000, aunually) from his property in the extensive oyster banks at Carlingford, in Ireland, which extend to the length of six miles, CONFESSION OF AN INCENDIARY. On Tuesday last" Jolt" Stallan. the convict under sentence of death in our county gaol, retracted his former strong protestations of innocence, aud confessed that he had wilfully occasioned all the fires (twelve in number) at Great Shelfird, with the exception of Mr. Stacey's; in nine of which the premises were burnt. The culprit states he had no maliee or ill. will against any of the persons whose property he set on fire, and that his only object was to occasion a necessity for working the engine, for which, as one of the assistants, he received (j, 6d. each time. He fired the premises of his master (Mr. Henry Headly)fou), times, and attempted a fiftlt-ard he ascribes his selection of these to the facilities he possessed from working on the spot. The first fire was at Mr. William Headly's with whom also he worked at the time, and of whom he speaks in the highest teres. He says no other person was accessary to any of the fires, and he always'most carefully and successfully concealed them from his wife, although, on his first ap- prehension, he had shamefully attempted to exculpate bimself by laying the guilt upon her. He made a full and unreserved confession to the chaplain on Wednesday, and since then he'says he has felt his miud much relieved. From some strahge and unexplained cause, on Wednesday, Mr. Orridge received ft respite fot'the convict, staying tbe execution until Saturday, tbe /th day of December vext.i—Carnkridatt Chronicle. v CARDiFF EISTEDDFOD. (Confirmed.) TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE AND GUARDIAN. "i A Iv. Idf d held under the patronage °f Gmffudd au Nicolas, in the veai 14ol. the Glamorganshire bards, or rather those of Morganwg, » and Euas rejected and protested agaainst, the «nn„vat,«n# introduced, at that and tbe preceding Emedrifnd and after the prescribed notice of" « year and a,u' acco'ding to ancient usasre, a Gorsedd was x on Y»nh .Maelwg mountain, in ~Gla.nor.ansh.ro where. ™ the eye 0f Ugflt and the face of duy the heterodox inetrical complexities, so hostile to the continuation of fine exalted sentiment, introduced, with unmerited success, by Dafydd ap Edmwnt, at those Esteddfodau, were, with ue solemnity, denounced and discarded. Of this i oith. waban$alliterative tissue, a veteran bard, now living, the kev. Walter Davies, although himself a Northwahan also, thus speaks in just ridicule A'i gib, gab, geb, rhyw leb rhy lwyr, Clais anian, yn cloi synwyr." 4w This Gorsedd ought, in strict chronological order, to have been introduced immediately after the Kisteddfod. u S the monastery of Penn Rhys. It >s highly K- though not expressly recorded, that an Eisteddfod and Gorsedd were held at Farm, near Caerphili, uder the kind patronage of Sir Edward Lewis, a gentle- man greatly endeared to his countrymen, by his strong ca' a«achment to his native place and by his uncircum- scribed generosity to literary characters.— Llywelyn n says, his preface to the Cyfrinach, a gwedi hynn gwnaeth ivfeuryg Dafydd hyfr Barddoniaeth iddei ArUydd, Syr Edward Lewys, o'r Fann." And after this, P ,VV*ter the Earl of Pembroke's Eisteddfod at Cardiff as e>) Meuryg Dafvdd composed a book on the art of nTf his lord' S"ir Edward Lewys,of Fann. Edward y r also, mentions this circumstance. Some years I-0 the close of t,ie sixteenth century, a public -l -eddfod,of considerable note and attraction, was duly convened and held at Llandaff, at tbe house of tbe Kev. > 'am Jivans, chancellor of the diocess. This talented ounte of the AWEN (for he was an excellent poet) appears to have held several local bardic meetings at his hall of open door; at one of which, Thomas Llywelyn, of Kegoes, recited his superior Englynion of advice to young poets; but Thomas Llywelyn was either dead at the period of the general Eisteddfod to which I now more particularly refer, cr too infirm to attend it, for he was quite blind many years before he died. A considerable portion of an old manuscript collection of Welsh poetry,, now in my possession, consists of poems addressed to this worthy patron, by the following bards, viz. Giles ap Sion, alias Sils ap Sion, Meredvdd ap Rosser, Dafydd Bunnwyn, Thomas Brwynllys, William Dyfi, Meuryg Dafydd, and Sion Mawddwy, who all appear to have been at this Eisteddfod for most of their poems e.\pressly mention it, and are generally dated, in words and figures, 15dt>, the year, doubtless, in which the Eis- teddfod was held. Giles ap Sion, in a note to an extem- pore Englyn," to use his own expression, says that (tansla- ted) it was composed when a company oi bards had met together, to sing in praise, for superiority, before Mr. William Evans and Mr. Thomas Lewys, of Llandaff, at that time." This note bears the above date. Chancellor Evans appears to have been a man of transcendent abilities, and rare endowments, combined with superlative attachment to the genius and literature of his native CAMBRIA • and, from the concurrent testimonies of various authors deduced from the numerous poems addressed to him, his descent and family connexions appear to have been highly respect- able.. Thomas Brwynllys, one of the bards of his Eisteddfod, finding that the Chancellor bad associated himself with an Englishman (as a magistrate I infer), addressed to him a poem on the occasion: the following is a translation of its title: "A poem to Mr. William Evans, Chancellor and Treasurer of Llandaff, when an Englishman came, in the time of vacation to sit with him." The poet, zealous for his country, seems to have viewed this circumstance as an untoward event, greatly to be deplored, for he oewailingly asks, Beth y wna Sais byth ny Sir?" "What can an Englishman ever do in the county?" Continuing the poem, he applies the following compli- mentary lines to the Chancellor:— Am saith doethion y sonwyd A thafod aur, wythfcd wyd." Of seven wisemen mention has been made Of golden tongue, thou art the eighth." But, Poets themselves must fall like those they sung; Deaf the prais'd ear, and mute the tuneful tongue." The worthy Chancellor died Jan. 5, 1589, having been, according to Brown Willis, who quotes his epitaph, in his survey of the cathedral church of Llandaff, 1719," treasurer of the cathedral church, and chancellor of the diocess for forty years." Giles ap Sion has a fine elegy on his death; dated 1589, in which, alluding to his hospitable patronage of the bards, he says, A'i fwrdd glod i fcirdd gwlcdydd." With his eulogized table for the bards of countries." Deeply iinoued with the animus of the long departed bards who have sung this liberal benefactor's praise, I have thus dwelt on his memory with great gratification; nor can I now quit his name without casting, mentally, through the dim vista of olden time, a lingering look behind." But we have yet a Chancellor of Llandaff, in this our present °ays, on whom the mantle of bis former predecessor has fallen, iu the pure spirit of fervent attachment to every thing that appertains to Waies, and its lileratu/e- The Kev. W. B. Knight, who, as a Welsh etymologist, has certainty no superior, who has already manfully stood in ai to Prolt'ct l'le purity of our energetic language to' ^elf, is not devoid of the muses' tuneful ngue, will, we confidently trust, in conjunction with his ard"er0llS le'at'orls al'd friends, exert himself, with all the iectpTi?^ '"s ances,ors, to promote the objects of the pro- {je Eisteddfod at Cardiff; that its transactions may not jjyf *°.r among the records of castles in the air," castlp6 'n continuation, on the rolls of the rock, based ot that ancient town, although Many a vanish'd year and age have ^ll(? lempests' breath and battle's rage, ept over it, since the last Esteddfod was held there, nother letter will complete my object. 1 remain, Sir, Yours obediently, AB 10L0.





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